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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813010/characterization-of-breakfast-cereals-available-in-the-mexican-market-sodium-and-sugar-content
#1
Claudia Nieto, Sofia Rincon-Gallardo Patiño, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Angela Carriedo, Simón Barquera
Preschool Mexican children consume 7% of their total energy intake from processed breakfast cereals. This study characterized the nutritional quality and labelling (claims and Guideline Daily Amount (GDA)) of the packaged breakfast cereals available in the Mexican market. Photographs of all breakfast cereals available in the 9 main food retail chains in the country were taken. The nutrition quality of cereals was assessed using the United Kingdom Nutrient Profiling Model (UKNPM). Claims were classified using the International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) taxonomy and the GDA was defined according to the Mexican regulation, NOM-051...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811152/how-does-media-coverage-effect-the-consumption-of-antidepressants-a-study-of-the-media-coverage-of-antidepressants-in-danish-online-newspapers-2010-2011
#2
Michael Green Lauridsen, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
BACKGROUND: The news media has become a major source of health information for the public, and hence vital in the individuals' opinions and decisions about health topics. The first decrease in the usage of antidepressants in Denmark in over a decade happened alongside an intensive period of media coverage about antidepressants. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the Danish media's coverage of antidepressants during 2010-2011 in order to explore what influence it could have had on the change in the use of antidepressants...
August 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810850/variations-in-diabetes-remission-rates-after-bariatric-surgery-in-spanish-adults-according-to-the-use-of-different-diagnostic-criteria-for-diabetes
#3
María R Alhambra-Expósito, María J Molina-Puerta, María I Prior-Sánchez, Gregorio Manzano-García, Alfonso Calañas-Continente, María A Gálvez-Moreno
BACKGROUND: There are multiple criteria to define remission of type 2 diabetes (DM2) after bariatric surgery but there is not a specific one widely accepted. Our objectives were to compare diagnostic criteria for DM2 remission after bariatric surgery: Criteria from Spanish scientific associations (SEEN/SEEDO/SED) and from the American Diabetes Association (ADA). We also aim to analyse the degree of correlation between these sets of criteria. METHODS: Retrospective observational study in 127 patients undergoing bariatric surgery in a single centre (Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, Spain) between January 2001 and December 2009...
August 15, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803581/nutrition-facts-panel-use-is-associated-with-diet-quality-and-dietary-patterns-among-latinos-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Grace Kollannoor-Samuel, Sofia Segura-Pérez, Fatma M Shebl, Nicola L Hawley, Grace Damio, Jyoti Chhabra, Sonia Vega-López, Maria Luz Fernandez, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: The study aims were to (i) identify determinants of Nutrition Facts Panel (NFP) use and (ii) describe the association between NFP use and dietary intake among Latinos with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Baseline cross-sectional data from a clinical trial were used to assess the association between NFP use and dietary intake. Diet was measured using two methods: (i) a diet quality score (the Healthy Eating Index-2010) derived from a single 24 h recall and (ii) dietary pattern (exploratory factor analyses) from an FFQ...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789982/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-genotypes-and-predominant-clones-among-the-multidrug-resistant-isolates-in-spain-1998-2005
#5
Sofía Samper, Patricia Gavín, Isabel Millán, María José Iglesias, María Soledad Jiménez, David Couvin, Nalin Rastogi
Although the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is gradually decreasing in Spain, there is an increase in the proportion of foreign-born cases. This changing scenario is slowly shifting the local TB epidemiology from endemic to imported cases with an increased risk for multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug resistant (XDR) strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. MDR/XDR strains from Spain (n=366 MTBC isolates, 1 strain per patient) isolated between 1998 and 2005 were retained for this retrospective analysis...
August 5, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781066/midwives-experiences-of-participating-in-a-midwifery-research-project-a-qualitative-study
#6
Susanne Åhlund, Sofia Zwedberg, Ingegerd Hildingsson, Malin Edqvist, Helena Lindgren
PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND: In an earlier research project midwives were asked to perform women-centered care focusing on the assumption that the physiological process in the second stage of labour could be trusted and that the midwives role should be encouraging and supportive rather than instructing. There is no knowledge about how midwives participating in such a research project, uses their skills and experience from the study in their daily work. AIM: The aim in this study was to investigate how midwives experienced implementing woman-centered care during second stage of labour...
August 3, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746862/generation-of-monoclonal-antibodies-and-development-of-an-immunofluorometric-assay-for-the-detection-of-cuzd1-in-tissues-and-biological-fluids
#7
Sofia Farkona, Antoninus Soosaipillai, Panagiota Filippou, Dimitrios Korbakis, Stefano Serra, Felix Rückert, Eleftherios P Diamandis, Ivan M Blasutig
BACKGROUND: CUB and zona pellucida-like domain-containing protein 1 (CUZD1) was identified as a pancreas-specific protein and was proposed as a candidate biomarker for pancreatic related disorders. CUZD1 protein levels in tissues and biological fluids have not been extensively examined. The purpose of the present study was to generate specific antibodies targeting CUZD1 to assess CUZD1 expression within tissues and biological fluids. METHODS: Mouse monoclonal antibodies against CUZD1 were generated and used to perform immunohistochemical analyses and to develop a sensitive and specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
July 23, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723901/2b-rad-genotyping-for-population-genomic-studies-of-chagas-disease-vectors-rhodnius-ecuadoriensis-in-ecuador
#8
Luis E Hernandez-Castro, Marta Paterno, Anita G Villacís, Björn Andersson, Jaime A Costales, Michele De Noia, Sofía Ocaña-Mayorga, Cesar A Yumiseva, Mario J Grijalva, Martin S Llewellyn
BACKGROUND: Rhodnius ecuadoriensis is the main triatomine vector of Chagas disease, American trypanosomiasis, in Southern Ecuador and Northern Peru. Genomic approaches and next generation sequencing technologies have become powerful tools for investigating population diversity and structure which is a key consideration for vector control. Here we assess the effectiveness of three different 2b restriction site-associated DNA (2b-RAD) genotyping strategies in R. ecuadoriensis to provide sufficient genomic resolution to tease apart microevolutionary processes and undertake some pilot population genomic analyses...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716195/quantitative-assessment-of-social-and-economic-impact-of-african-swine-fever-outbreaks-in-northern-uganda
#9
Erika Chenais, Sofia Boqvist, Ulf Emanuelson, Claudia von Brömssen, Emily Ouma, Tonny Aliro, Charles Masembe, Karl Ståhl, Susanna Sternberg-Lewerin
African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most important pig diseases, causing high case fatality rate and trade restrictions upon reported outbreaks. In Uganda, a low-income country with the largest pig population in East Africa, ASF is endemic. Animal disease impact is multidimensional and include social and economic impact along the value chain. In low-income settings, this impact keep people poor and push those that have managed to escape poverty back again. If the diseases can be controlled, their negative consequences can be mitigated...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712976/repetitive-eating-questionnaire-rep-eat-q-enlightening-the-concept-of-grazing-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-portuguese-sample
#10
Eva M Conceição, James E Mitchell, Paulo P P Machado, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Sofia Ramalho, Isabel Brandão, Joana Botelho Simões, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Catarina Freitas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Grazing has been associated with poor weight loss or weight regain in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery, but research remains scarce and complicated by the use of different non-validated measures. The aim of this paper is to describe the validation of the Rep(eat)-Q, a self-report measure developed to assess grazing, and investigates its relationship with BMI and psychopathology. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1223 university students and community participants (non-clinical; Study A) and 154 pre-bariatric and 84 post-bariatric patients (Study B) completed a set of self-report measures, including the Rep(eat)-Q (worded in Portuguese), to assess disordered eating, depression, anxiety, stress and impulsivity...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683787/the-effect-and-safety-of-postmenopausal-hormone-therapy-and-selective-estrogen-receptor-modulators-on-kidney-outcomes-in-women-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Sandra M Dumanski, Sharanya Ramesh, Matthew T James, Amy Metcalfe, Kara Nerenberg, Ellen W Seely, Helen Lee Robertson, Sofia B Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of menopause in women with or at risk of chronic kidney disease is increasing globally. Although international guidelines on menopause recommend the use of postmenopausal hormone therapy with or without selective estrogen receptor modulators for control of vasomotor symptoms, the effects of these treatments on kidney function and albuminuria are unclear. Furthermore, women with chronic kidney disease are at significantly increased risk of venous thromboembolism and malignancy, well-documented adverse effects of postmenopausal hormone therapy...
July 7, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664584/care-professional-s-experiences-about-using-liverpool-care-pathway-in-end-of-life-care-in-residential-care-homes
#12
Sofia Andersson, Olav Lindqvist, Carl-Johan Fürst, Margareta Brännström
BACKGROUND: Residential care homes (RCHs) play an important role in end-of-life care, being the most common place of death for elderly people in several European countries. Care pathways such as the Liverpool Care Pathway for the Dying Patient (LCP) are used to improve and ensure quality care at the end of life. There is a lack of scientific evidence supporting the use of care pathways. DESIGN: A descriptive qualitative study. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe care professionals' experiences of using the Liverpool Care Pathway for the Dying Patient in the care of dying residents in residential care homes...
June 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655553/variant-discovery-in-patients-with-mendelian-vascular-anomalies-by-next-generation-sequencing-and-their-use-in%C3%A2-patient-clinical-management
#13
Raul Mattassi, Elena Manara, Pier Giuseppe Colombo, Sofia Manara, Antonella Porcella, Giulia Bruno, Alice Bruson, Matteo Bertelli
OBJECTIVE: An accurate "molecular" diagnosis and classification of similar but distinct diseases is sometime challenging but often crucial for the definition of the appropriate patient medical management and treatment as well as for genetic counseling and risk assessment in families. The advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS), which analysed all known disease-associated genes in parallel in a cost- and time-effective manner, eased this process of disease definition and also for vascular anomalies that are a heterogeneous group of vascular tumors and congenital circulatory malformations and often characterized by overlapping phenotypes...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651553/ig-and-tr-single-chain-fragment-variable-scfv-sequence-analysis-a-new-advanced-functionality-of-imgt-v-quest-and-imgt-highv-quest
#14
Véronique Giudicelli, Patrice Duroux, Sofia Kossida, Marie-Paule Lefranc
BACKGROUND: IMGT®, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system® ( http://www.imgt.org ), was created in 1989 in Montpellier, France (CNRS and Montpellier University) to manage the huge and complex diversity of the antigen receptors, and is at the origin of immunoinformatics, a science at the interface between immunogenetics and bioinformatics. Immunoglobulins (IG) or antibodies and T cell receptors (TR) are managed and described in the IMGT® databases and tools at the level of receptor, chain and domain...
June 26, 2017: BMC Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648295/detection-and-prevalence-of-protozoan-parasites-in-ready-to-eat-packaged-salads-on-sale-in-italy
#15
Tiziana Caradonna, Marianna Marangi, Federica Del Chierico, Nicola Ferrari, Sofia Reddel, Giorgia Bracaglia, Giovanni Normanno, Lorenza Putignani, Annunziata Giangaspero
To investigate the prevalence of protozoan contamination by Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp., Toxoplasma gondii and Cyclospora cayetanensis, in 'ready to eat' (RTE) salads on sale in Italy, 648 packages were purchased from industrial and local brands. Nine individual packages from each brand were collected per month, pooled and subjected to microscopy and molecular analyses. Microscopic examination of 864 slides detected Cryptosporidium spp. but also Blastocystis hominis and Dientamoeba fragilis. Molecular tools identified G...
October 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647137/apneic-oxygenation-reduces-the-incidence-of-hypoxemia-during-emergency-intubation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Ivan Pavlov, Sofia Medrano, Scott Weingart
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Apneic oxygenation has been advocated for the prevention of hypoxemia during emergency endotracheal intubation. Because of conflicting results from recent trials, the efficacy of apneic oxygenation remains unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effect of apneic oxygenation on the incidence of clinically significant hypoxemia during emergency endotracheal intubation. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed databases were searched without language and time restrictions for studies of apneic oxygenation performed in a critical care setting...
August 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622349/a-randomized-cross-over-study-of-the-acute-effects-of-running-5-km-on-glucose-insulin-metabolic-rate-cortisol-and-troponin-t
#17
Boris Keselman, Marta Vergara, Sofia Nyberg, Fredrik H Nystrom
BACKGROUND: We aimed to study the impact by running 5 km, at maximal speed, on the normal variations of metabolic variables related to glucose, insulin, insulin sensitivity, cortisol, glucagon, Troponin T and metabolic rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five women and 12 men 25.7±5.2 years of age with a body-mass-index of 22.5±2.3 kg/m2 where recruited to run 5 km at individual maximal speed in the morning, and to a corresponding day of rest, followed by standardized breakfast and lunch meals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611940/involvement-of-chromatin-remodeling-genes-and-the-rho-gtpases-rhob-and-cdc42-in-ovarian-clear-cell-carcinoma
#18
Nicolai Skovbjerg Arildsen, Jenny-Maria Jönsson, Katarina Bartuma, Anna Ebbesson, Sofia Westbom-Fremer, Anna Måsbäck, Susanne Malander, Mef Nilbert, Ingrid A Hedenfalk
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian clear cell carcinomas (OCCCs) constitute a rare ovarian cancer subtype with distinct clinical features, but may nonetheless be difficult to distinguish morphologically from other subtypes. There is limited knowledge of genetic events driving OCCC tumorigenesis beyond ARID1A, which is reportedly mutated in 30-50% of OCCCs. We aimed to further characterize OCCCs by combined global transcriptional profiling and targeted deep sequencing of a panel of well-established cancer genes...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608683/conformational-analysis-and-absolute-configuration-of-axially-chiral-1-aryl-and-1-3-bisaryl-xanthines
#19
Michele Mancinelli, Sofia Perticarari, Luca Prati, Andrea Mazzanti
The xanthine scaffold is known to be the forefather of a class of biological active molecules. Xanthine is a planar framework in which an aryl substituent linked in the 1 or 3 position is driven out of the xanthine plane because of the steric hindrance exerted by the two carbonyls. This work analyses the stereodynamics of some 1-aryl and 1,3-bisaryl-xanthines and describes the steric requirements needed to produce stable heteroaromatic atropisomers or diastereoisomers, with one or two N-Csp2 stereogenic axes...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604871/an-extended-%C3%AF-system-and-enhanced-electronic-delocalization-on-symmetric-ru3o-ch3coo-6-l-3-n-complexes-combined-with-azanaphthalene-ligands
#20
Bruna Possato, Victor M Deflon, Zeki Naal, André L B Formiga, Sofia Nikolaou
We report on the investigation of a new series of symmetric trinuclear ruthenium complexes combined with azanaphthalene ligands: [Ru3O(CH3COO)6(L)3]PF6 where L = (1) quinazoline (qui), (2) 5-nitroisoquinoline (5-nitroiq), (3) 5-bromoisoquinoline (5-briq), (4) isoquinoline (iq), (5) 5-aminoisoquinoline (5-amiq), and (6) 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroisoquinoline (thiq). The crystal structure of complex 1, [Ru3O(CH3COO)6(qui)3]PF6, was determined by X-ray diffraction analysis, showing a high degree of co-planarity between the [Ru3O] plane and the azanaphthalene ligands...
June 12, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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