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Retrieval practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110256/ethical-experiential-learning-in-medical-nursing-and-allied-health-education-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Sandra Grace, Ev Innes, Narelle Patton, Lynette Stockhausen
: Students enrolled in medical, nursing and health science programs often participate in experiential learning in their practical classes. Experiential learning includes peer physical examination and peer-assisted learning where students practise clinical skills on each other. OBJECTIVES: To identify effective strategies that enable ethical experiential learning for health students during practical classes. DESIGN: A narrative review of the literature...
January 10, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107259/paget-s-disease-of-the-vulva-a-review-of-20-years-experience
#2
Raghava Parashurama, Vivek Nama, Richard Hutson
BACKGROUND: Extramammary Paget's disease is a rare condition, and the vulva is a common site for it to occur. Despite this, there is a paucity of literature on Paget's disease of the vulva (VPD). A Cochrane meta-analysis could not draw any conclusions on interventions in VPD. Our aim was to review our practice and improve further management of VPD in our center. METHODS: We reviewed all the cases presented to Leeds Gynaecological Oncology Centre between 1988 and 2016...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105885/denosumab-in-patients-with-giant-cell-tumor-of-bone-in-norway-results-from-a-nationwide-cohort
#3
Kjetil Boye, Nina Louise Jebsen, Olga Zaikova, Heidi Knobel, Ayca M Løndalen, Clement S Trovik, Odd R Monge, Kirsten Sundby Hall
BACKGROUND: Denosumab is a relatively new treatment option for patients with giant-cell tumor of bone (GCTB). The purpose of this study was to report the results for patients treated in Norway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated with denosumab for GCTB were identified from the clinical databases at the Norwegian sarcoma reference centers. Data were retrieved from the clinical databases and supplemented by retrospective review of patient records. Denosumab was given as a subcutaneous injection every 4 weeks with loading doses on day 8 and 15 in cycle 1...
January 20, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104041/what-is-the-role-of-health-systems-in-responding-to-domestic-violence-an-evidence-review
#4
Jo Spangaro
Objective The aim of the present study was to review and analyse academic literature and program evaluations to identify promising evidence for health system responses to domestic violence in Australia and internationally.Methods English-language literature published between January 2005 and March 2016 was retrieved from search results using the terms 'domestic violence' or 'intimate partner violence' in different combinations with other relevant terms, resulting in 1671 documents, of which 59 were systematic reviews...
January 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103895/feasibility-of-antiretroviral-treatment-monitoring-in-the-era-of-decentralized-hiv-care-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Minh D Pham, Lorena Romero, Bruce Parnell, David A Anderson, Suzanne M Crowe, Stanley Luchters
BACKGROUND: Regular monitoring of HIV patients who are receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) is required to ensure patient benefits and the long-term effectiveness and sustainability of ART programs. Prompted by WHO recommendations for expansion and decentralization of HIV treatment and care in low and middle income countries, we conducted a systematic review to assess the feasibility of treatment monitoring in these settings. METHODS: A comprehensive search strategy was developed using a combination of MeSH and free text terms relevant to HIV treatment and care, health service delivery, health service accessibility, decentralization and other relevant terms...
January 19, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103771/structure-based-study-of-natural-products-with-anti-schistosoma-activity
#6
Ibezim Akachukwu, Olujide Oludayo Olubiyi, Ata Kosisochukwu, Mbah Chika John, Nwodo Ngozi Justina
: Background Schistosomiasis is a parasitic protozoal disease caused by flatworms of the genus Schistosoma. Although the disease threatens millions of lives, it is still at the top list of neglected tropical diseases and praziquantel, the only common schistosocidal drug in use, has records of decreasing efficiency and cases of resistance. Also, reports revealed that people in the rural areas, who are most affected, rely mostly on traditional herbal medicines because of limited access to modern healthcare...
January 19, 2017: Current Computer-aided Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100266/arranging-blood-for-elective-thyroid-surgeries-dilemma-continues-in-the-developing-world
#7
Salman Faridi, Aman Ahmad, Mirza Arshad Beg, Faisal Siddiqui, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: Cross matched blood is frequently ordered based on a subjective anticipation of blood loss for a procedure. Excessive blood arrangement and wastage overburdens the blood bank in terms of work load and storage of blood, increases cost of medical care and results in injudicious use of a limited resource. The aim of this short report is to assess the current practice for arranging cross matched blood in elective thyroid surgeries by comparing cross match to blood transfused ratio...
January 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100058/endoscopic-retrieval-of-toothbrushes-in-a-schizophrenic-patient
#8
José Luis Beristain-Hernández, Mario Eduardo Torres-Olalde, Martín Rojano-Rodríguez
Foreign bodies are a common problem in the daily endoscopic practice. Nevertheless, long objects as toothbrushes, sometimes pose a special problem when trying to remove them from the stomach, due to the difficulty of passing through the hiatus. Endoscopic retrieval of toothbrushes has seldom be reported.
January 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095873/physical-integrity-and-residual-bio-efficacy-of-used-llins-in-three-cities-of-the-south-west-region-of-cameroon-4%C3%A2-years-after-the-first-national-mass-distribution-campaign
#9
Stravensky T Boussougou-Sambe, Parfait Awono-Ambene, Geraud C T Tasse, Josiane Etang, Jerome A Binyang, Lynda D Nouage, Gaston Wamba, Peter Enyong, Eric B Fokam
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are effective tools at reducing malaria transmission. In Cameroon, following the first national mass distribution campaign in 2011, there has been no follow up on the efficacy of LLINs distributed. The aim of this report is to assess the physical integrity and insecticidal potency of LLINs distributed in three cities with contrasting socio economic status (SES) and to evaluate the use and care for bed nets owned by individuals. METHODS: The study was conducted in Limbe, Tiko and Buea three localities in the Fako division of the South West Region of Cameroon...
January 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095761/the-caring-encounter-in-nursing
#10
Gunilla Holopainen, Lisbet Nyström, Anne Kasén
BACKGROUND: The concept 'encounter' occurs in caring literature as a synonym for dialogue and relation describing deeper levels of interaction between patient and nurse. In nursing and caring research, the concept 'caring encounter' is often used without further reflection on the meaning of the concept. Encounters are, however, continuously taking place in the world of caring, which calls for a clarification of the concept. OBJECTIVES: This study is an analysis of the concept of caring encounter in nursing from the patients' and nurses' point of view...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092712/-global-bioethics-and-biocultural-ethics
#11
Ricardo Rozzi
The biocultural ethic recovers an understanding of the vital links between the life habits of the coinhabitants (humans and other-than-human) that share a habitat. The ″3Hs″ formal framework of the biocultural ethics provides a conceptual and methodological tool to understand and to better manage complex eco-social or biocultural systems in heterogeneous regions of the planet. From the global bioethics originally proposed by V.R. Potter, the integration of theory and praxis promoted by Alfredo Pradenas in the Bioethics Society of Chile, and the conceptual framework of biocultural ethics (including traditions of philosophical thought, scientific and Amerindians), I develop a comparative analysis of: 1...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090736/rna-protection-is-effectively-achieved-by-pullulan-film-formation
#12
Yingfu Li, Ping-Yao Hsieh, Monsur Ali, Kha Tram, Sana Jahanshahi-Anbuhi, Christine Brown, John Brennan, Carlos Filipe
RNA is a functionally versatile polymer but suffers from susceptibility to spontaneous or RNase-catalyzed degradation. This vulnerability makes it difficult to preserve RNA for extended periods of time, which limits its use in various contexts, including practical applications of functional nucleic acids. Here we present a simple method to preserve RNA by pullulan (a complex sugar produced by Aureobasidium pullulans fungus) film formation. This strategy can markedly suppress both spontaneous and RNase-promoted degradation...
January 15, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088596/indirect-evidence-of-reporting-biases-was-found-in-a-survey-of-medical-research-studies
#13
Loai N Albarqouni, José A López-López, Julian Pt Higgins
OBJECTIVE: To explore indirect evidence of reporting biases by examining the distribution of P-values reported in published medical articles, and to compare P-values distributions across different contexts. METHODS: We selected a random sample (N=1500) of articles published in PubMed in March 2014. We extracted information on study type, design, medical discipline and P-values for the first reported outcome and primary outcome (if specified) from each article. We plotted the P-values transformed to the z-score scale and used caliper tests to investigate threshold effects...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080119/the-role-of-episodic-context-in-retrieval-practice-effects
#14
Joshua W Whiffen, Jeffrey D Karpicke
The episodic context account of retrieval-based learning proposes that retrieval enhances subsequent retention because people must think back to and reinstate a prior learning context. Three experiments directly tested this central assumption of the context account. Subjects studied word lists and then either restudied the words under intentional learning conditions or made list discrimination judgments by indicating which list each word had occurred in originally. Subjects in both conditions experienced all items for the same amount of time, but subjects in the list discrimination condition were required to retrieve details about the original episodic context in which the words had occurred...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077604/the-mitochondrial-dna-content-of-cumulus-granulosa-cells-is-linked-to-embryo-quality
#15
V Desquiret-Dumas, A Clément, V Seegers, L Boucret, V Ferré-L'Hotellier, P E Bouet, P Descamps, V Procaccio, P Reynier, P May-Panloup
STUDY QUESTION: Could the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content of cumulus granulosa cells (CGCs) be related to oocyte competence? SUMMARY ANSWER: The quality of embryos obtained during IVF procedures appears to be linked to mtDNA copy numbers in the CGCs. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Oocyte quality is linked to oocyte mtDNA content in the human and other species, and the mtDNA copy number of the oocyte is related to that of the corresponding CGCs. Moreover, the quantification of CGC mtDNA has recently been proposed as a biomarker of embryo viability...
January 6, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074833/shifting-molecular-localization-by-plasmonic-coupling-in-a-single-molecule-mirage
#16
Mario Raab, Carolin Vietz, Fernando Daniel Stefani, Guillermo Pedro Acuna, Philip Tinnefeld
Over the last decade, two fields have dominated the attention of sub-diffraction photonics research: plasmonics and fluorescence nanoscopy. Nanoscopy based on single-molecule localization offers a practical way to explore plasmonic interactions with nanometre resolution. However, this seemingly straightforward technique may retrieve false positional information. Here, we make use of the DNA origami technique to both control a nanometric separation between emitters and a gold nanoparticle, and as a platform for super-resolution imaging based on single-molecule localization...
January 11, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070218/evidence-based-guideline-implementation-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lessons-for-mental-health-care
#17
REVIEW
Mary Docherty, Kate Shaw, Lucy Goulding, Hannah Parke, Erica Eassom, Farnoosh Ali, Graham Thornicroft
BACKGROUND: There is a significant treatment gap in provision of effective treatment for people with mental disorders globally. In some Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) this gap is 90% or more in terms of untreated cases. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are one tool to improve health care provision. The aim of this review is to examine studies of the effectiveness of evidence-based CPG implementation across physical and mental health care, to inform mental healthcare provision in low and middle income countries (LMICs), and to identify transferable lessons from other non-communicable diseases to mental health...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068118/meta-analysis-with-standardized-effect-sizes-from-multilevel-and-latent-growth-models
#18
Alan Feingold
OBJECTIVE: Findings from multilevel and latent growth modeling analysis (GMA) need to be included in literature reviews, and this article explicates 4 rarely discussed approaches for using GMA studies in meta-analysis. METHOD: Extant and new equations are presented for calculating the effect size (d) and its variance (v) from reported statistics from GMA studies with each method, and a fixed effects meta-analysis of results from 5 randomized clinical trials was conducted to demonstrate their applications...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067192/effect-of-retrieval-practice-on-short-term-and-long-term-retention-in-hiv-individuals
#19
Gunes Avci, Steven P Woods, Marizela Verduzco, David P Sheppard, James F Sumowski, Nancy D Chiaravalloti, John DeLuca
OBJECTIVES: Episodic memory deficits are both common and impactful among persons infected with HIV; however, we know little about how to improve such deficits in the laboratory or in real life. Retrieval practice, by which retrieval of newly learned material improves subsequent recall more than simple restudy, is a robust memory boosting strategy that is effective in both healthy and clinical populations. In this study, we investigated the benefits of retrieval practice in 52 people living with HIV and 21 seronegatives...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063544/the-prevention-of-early-onset-neonatal-group-b-streptococcal-disease
#20
Deborah Money, Victoria M Allen
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence in the literature and to provide recommendations on the management of pregnant women in labour for the prevention of early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal disease. The key revisions in this updated guideline include changed recommendations for regimens for antibiotic prophylaxis, susceptibility testing, and management of women with pre-labour rupture of membranes. OUTCOMES: Maternal outcomes evaluated included exposure to antibiotics in pregnancy and labour and complications related to antibiotic use...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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