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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245134/phosphorus-recovery-and-reuse-by-pyrolysis-applications-for-agriculture-and-environment
#1
REVIEW
Daquan Sun, Lauren Hale, Gourango Kar, Raju Soolanayakanahally, Sina Adl
Phosphorus ore extraction for soil fertilization supports the demand of modern agriculture, but extractable resource limitations, due to scarcity, impose a P reuse and recycling research agenda. Here we propose to integrate biochar production (pyrogenic carbon) with municipal and agricultural waste management systems, to recover and reuse phosphorous that would otherwise be lost from the ecological food web. A meta-analysis and available data on total P in biochar indicated that P-enriched feedstocks include animal manure, human excreta, and plant-biomass collected from P-polluted sites...
December 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240298/diabetic-macular-edema-innovative-technologies-and-economic-impact-new-opportunities-for-the-lombardy-region-healthcare-system
#2
Emanuela Foglia, Lucrezia Ferrario, Francesco Bandello, Camilla Ferri, Innocente Figini, Michela Franzin, Gianpiera Gambaro, Ugo Introini, Massimo Medaglia, Giovanni Staurenghi, Patrizia Tadini, Andrea Fomiatti, Davide Croce
PURPOSE: Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the economic benefits of introducing additional alternative technologies (Dexamethasone intravitreal implant - DEX - and Aflibercept injections), compared with the historical scenario of Ranibizumab intravitreal injections. METHODS: A 3-year budget impact model was developed, taking into consideration the perspective of the Lombardy Region Healthcare Service (LRHS)...
December 14, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240092/light-scattering-by-periodic-rough-surfaces-equivalent-jump-conditions
#3
Bruno Gallas, Agnès Maurel, Jean-Jacques Marigo, Abdelwaheb Ourir
We present an interface model based on two-scale homogenization to predict the coherent scattering of light by a periodic rough interface between air and a dielectric. Contrary to previous approaches where the roughnesses are replaced by a layer filled with an equivalent medium, our modeling yields effective jump conditions applying across the region containing the roughnesses. The validity of the model is inspected by comparison with direct numerics and with experimental measurements on an air/silicium rough interface near the Brewster angle...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238935/best-practices-for-storing-and-shipping-cryopreserved-cells
#4
Frank Simione, Tim Sharp
Successfully recovering stored cryopreserved cells requires attention to two major factors, i.e., storage temperature and proper handling of the frozen samples. These key considerations are in turn impacted by how the inventory system is constructed, the frequency and process for retrieving specimens, as well as how the material is secured. In addition, shipping biological materials requires attention to the type of material transported, adherence to regulatory requirements, packaging materials and proper assembly, labeling, and engaging reputable carriers...
December 13, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238482/a-historical-review-of-the-concept-of-labor-support-in-technocratic-humanistic-and-holistic-paradigms-of-childbirth
#5
REVIEW
Tahereh Fathi Najafi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hossein Ebrahimipour
Background: In the past century, maternal support during childbirth has been changed according to the different approaches suggested by various health care paradigms. Objective: The aim of this review was to argue the maternity supportive care paradigms of the past century and to closely analyze each paradigm. Methods: This is a historical review, in which published articles were retrieved from databases including Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed and Google Scholar...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238448/a-systematic-review-of-research-studies-examining-telehealth-privacy-and-security-practices-used-by-healthcare-providers
#6
REVIEW
Valerie J M Watzlaf, Leming Zhou, Dilhari R Dealmeida, Linda M Hartman
The objective of this systematic review was to systematically review papers in the United States that examine current practices in privacy and security when telehealth technologies are used by healthcare providers. A literature search was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P). PubMed, CINAHL and INSPEC from 2003 - 2016 were searched and returned 25,404 papers (after duplications were removed). Inclusion and exclusion criteria were strictly followed to examine title, abstract, and full text for 21 published papers which reported on privacy and security practices used by healthcare providers using telehealth...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235225/no-change-in-type-2-diabetes-prevalence-in-children-and-adolescents-over-10-years-update-of-a-population-based-survey-in-south-germany
#7
REVIEW
A Neu, L Feldhahn, S Ehehalt, J Ziegler, U Rothe, J Rosenbauer, R W Holl
Objective of this study was to analyze prevalence changes in type 2 diabetes (T2D) among children and adolescents over the last 10 years. We performed a cross-sectional survey in Baden-Württemberg (BW), Germany, by using a written questionnaire and comparing these results with T2D prevalence data from the same area retrieved in 2004/2005. In 2016, 50 patients with T2D under 20 years of age were registered in BW, Germany, which corresponds to a prevalence rate of 2.42 per 100 000 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234996/retrieval-practice-after-multiple-context-changes-but-not-long-retention-intervals-reduces-the-impact-of-a-final-context-change-on-instrumental-behavior
#8
Sydney Trask, Mark E Bouton
Recent evidence from this laboratory suggests that a context switch after operant learning consistently results in a decrement in responding. One way to reduce this decrement is to train the response in multiple contexts. One interpretation of this result, rooted in stimulus sampling theory, is that conditioning of a greater number of common stimulus elements arising from more contexts causes better generalization to new contexts. An alternative explanation is that each change of context causes more effortful retrieval, and practice involving effortful retrieval results in learning that is better able to transfer to new situations...
December 12, 2017: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233398/an-evidence-based-analysis-of-learning-practices-the-need-for-pharmacy-students-to-employ-more-effective-study-strategies
#9
Daniel Brown
INTRODUCTION: Learning is a process of constructing neural connections between what is being learned and what has already been learned. Superficial thought processes associated with memorization produce shallow, short-term learning. Higher-order thought processing (critical thinking) produces deep, long-term learning. Pharmacy students should study in ways that enable them to retain and apply what they learn. PREDOMINANT LEARNING PRACTICES: Investigators who surveyed the learning practices of pharmacy students have reported that most students resort to cramming in preparation for an upcoming exam...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232988/does-antibiotic-treatment-duration-affect-the-outcomes-of-exacerbations-of-asthma-and-copd-a-systematic-review
#10
Marie Stolbrink, Jack Amiry, John D Blakey
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide, primarily through exacerbations. Exacerbations are often treated with antibiotics but their optimal course duration is uncertain. Reducing antibiotic duration may influence antimicrobial resistance but risks treatment failure. The objective of this article is to review published literature to investigate whether shorter antibiotic therapy duration affects clinical outcomes in the treatment of asthma and COPD exacerbations...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232491/anhedonia-is-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-independently-of-depression-a-meta-analysis
#11
Déborah Ducasse, Gwenolé Loas, Déborah Dassa, Carla Gramaglia, Patrizia Zeppegno, Sébastien Guillaume, Emilie Olié, Philippe Courtet
BACKGROUND: Anhedonia is considered a suicide risk factor in patients with major affective disorders. Here, we wanted to quantify the association between anhedonia and current suicidal ideation according to the absence/presence of between-group differences for depressive scores and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of data on studies retrieved from Medline, Web of Science, and PsycINFO from 1965 to 2016 using, among others, the terms (suicid* or depression) and anhedonia...
December 12, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231285/co-research-with-adults-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Claudio Di Lorito, Alessandro Bosco, Linda Birt, Angela Hassiotis
BACKGROUND: Co-research with people with intellectual disability is a distinct form of patient and public involvement (PPI). This systematic review summarize published studies and protocols to report on the process of co-research in social and healthcare research. METHOD: Relevant studies were identified using electronic searches on ASSIA, PsycInfo and MedLine. Study quality was assessed, and information relevant to the process of working with co-researchers was extracted and thematically analysed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224570/mapping-the-evidence-on-pharmacological-interventions-for-non-affective-psychosis-in-humanitarian-non-specialised-settings-a-unhcr-clinical-guidance
#13
Giovanni Ostuzzi, Corrado Barbui, Charlotte Hanlon, Sudipto Chatterjee, Julian Eaton, Lynne Jones, Derrick Silove, Peter Ventevogel
BACKGROUND: Populations exposed to humanitarian emergencies are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems, including new onset, relapse and deterioration of psychotic disorders. Inadequate care for this group may lead to human rights abuses and even premature death. The WHO Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG), and its adaptation for humanitarian settings (mhGAP-HIG), provides guidance for management of mental health conditions by non-specialised healthcare professionals...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222595/-prostate-cancer-risk-calculator-mobile-applications-apps-a-systematic-review-and-scoring-using-the-validated-user-version-of-the-mobile-application-rating-scale-umars
#14
Ahmed Adam, Julian C Hellig, Marlon Perera, Damien Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk
PURPOSE: The use of mobile phone applications (Apps) has modernised the conventional practice of medicine. The diagnostic ability of the current Apps in prostate specific antigen monitoring, and its diagnostic ability within prostate cancer (PCa) risk calculators have not yet been appraised. We aimed to review, rate and assess the everyday functionality, and utility of all the currently available PCa risk calculator Apps. METHODS: A systematic search on iTunes, Google Play Store, Blackberry World and Windows Apps Store, was performed on 23/11/2017, using the search term 'prostate cancer risk calculator'...
December 8, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220742/meta-analyses-of-newer-antiepileptic-drugs-as-adjunct-for-treatment-of-focal-epilepsy-in-children
#15
Nurul-Ain Mohd-Tahir, Shu-Chuen Li
AIM: This study conducted a systematic review evaluating the effectiveness of newer antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) (namely, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, topiramate, vigabatrin, zonisamide, oxcarbazepine, perampanel, gabapentin, and stiripentol) as add-on for treatment of focal epilepsy in children. METHODS: Articles were retrieved from EMBASE, Medline and Cochrane Library from inception to January 2016. Treatment outcomes were analysed based on responder, seizure-free, withdrawal and adverse event rates...
November 22, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217956/utilization-status-of-electronic-information-sources-eis-for-hiv-aids-care-and-treatment-in-specialized-teaching-hospitals-of-ethiopia-2016
#16
Senait Samuel Bramo, Tesfamichael Alaro Agago
Background: According to the World Health Organization, the use of Electronic Information Sources (EIS) in healthcare is not merely about application of technology, but it is also a foundation to provide higher quality clinical care. This study was aimed to assess Utilization Status of EIS for HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment in specialized teaching hospitals of Ethiopia, 2016. Materials and Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study design was used. The study populations were 352 healthcare professionals selected by using simple random sampling technique from three randomly selected specialized teaching hospitals of Ethiopia...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216076/security-validation-based-on-orthogonal-polarization-multiplexing-in-three-dimensional-space
#17
Chao Lin, Jiancun Ren
To enhance the security and practicality of the optical validation technique, a multiple-level security validation method is proposed based on orthogonal polarization multiplexing in a three-dimensional (3D) space. First, the original image is partitioned into two complementary images. Each image is divided into several subblocks. Then, two phase-only masks are generated by adopting the multiple diffractive planes and multiple signal windows phase-retrieval algorithm to reproduce a 3D diffraction field with all of the subblocks randomly distributed in specific locations...
December 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214389/using-real-world-data-in-health-technology-assessment-hta-practice-a-comparative-study-of-five-hta-agencies
#18
Amr Makady, Ard van Veelen, Páll Jonsson, Owen Moseley, Anne D'Andon, Anthonius de Boer, Hans Hillege, Olaf Klungel, Wim Goettsch
BACKGROUND: Reimbursement decisions are conventionally based on evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs), which often have high internal validity but low external validity. Real-world data (RWD) may provide complimentary evidence for relative effectiveness assessments (REAs) and cost-effectiveness assessments (CEAs). This study examines whether RWD is incorporated in health technology assessment (HTA) of melanoma drugs by European HTA agencies, as well as differences in RWD use between agencies and across time...
December 6, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210790/management-of-1-lung-ventilation-variation-and-trends-in-clinical-practice-a-report-from-the-multicenter-perioperative-outcomes-group
#19
Douglas A Colquhoun, Bhiken I Naik, Marcel E Durieux, Amy M Shanks, Sachin Kheterpal, S Patrick Bender, Randal S Blank
BACKGROUND: Lung-protective ventilation (LPV) has been demonstrated to improve clinical outcomes in surgical patients. There are very limited data on the current use of LPV for patients undergoing 1-lung ventilation (1LV) despite evidence that 1LV may be a particularly important setting for its use. In this multicenter study, we report trends in ventilation practice for patients undergoing 1LV. METHODS: The Multicenter Perioperative Outcomes Group database was used to identify patients undergoing 1LV...
November 22, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210446/quantification-of-noninvasive-fat-reduction-a-systematic-review
#20
Sogyong L Auh, Sanjana Iyengar, Alexandra Weil, Diana Bolotin, Todd V Cartee, Jeffrey S Dover, Ian A Maher, Joseph F Sobanko, Joel L Cohen, Emily Poon, Murad Alam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Noninvasive fat reduction appears effective, but there are various methods for quantifying changes. The objective of this review is to assess comparative utility measures of subcutaneous fat. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Articles describing noninvasive fat reduction were searched using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Scopus electronic databases on two dates (January 28, 2014 and February 16, 2016). Titles of studies and abstracts were screened for eligibility...
December 6, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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