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Retrieval practice

Jason B Colditz, Kar-Hai Chu, Sherry L Emery, Chandler R Larkin, A Everette James, Joel Welling, Brian A Primack
There is growing interest in conducting public health research using data from social media. In particular, Twitter "infoveillance" has demonstrated utility across health contexts. However, rigorous and reproducible methodologies for using Twitter data in public health are not yet well articulated, particularly those related to content analysis, which is a highly popular approach. In 2014, we gathered an interdisciplinary team of health science researchers, computer scientists, and methodologists to begin implementing an open-source framework for real-time infoveillance of Twitter health messages (RITHM)...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Waleed M Sweileh, Kolitha Wickramage, Kevin Pottie, Charles Hui, Bayard Roberts, Ansam F Sawalha, Saed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: The health of migrants has become an important issue in global health and foreign policy. Assessing the current status of research activity and identifying gaps in global migration health (GMH) is an important step in mapping the evidence-base and on advocating health needs of migrants and mobile populations. The aim of this study was to analyze globally published peer-reviewed literature in GMH. METHODS: A bibliometric analysis methodology was used...
June 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Emma A Amissah, Julie Brown, Jane E Harding
BACKGROUND: As preterm infants do not experience the nutrient accretion and rapid growth phase of the third trimester of pregnancy, they are vulnerable to postnatal nutritional deficits, including of fat. Consequently, they require higher fat intakes compared to their full term counterparts to achieve adequate growth and development. Human milk fat provides the major energy needs of the preterm infant and also contributes to several metabolic and physiological functions. Although human milk has many benefits for this population, its fat content is highly variable and may be inadequate for their optimum growth and development...
June 19, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Carlo Alviggi, Alessandro Conforti, Daniele Santi, Sandro C Esteves, Claus Yding Andersen, Peter Humaidan, Paolo Chiodini, Giuseppe De Placido, Manuela Simoni
BACKGROUND: Genotype has been implicated in the outcome of ovarian stimulation. The analysis of patient-specific genotypes might lead to an individualized pharmacogenomic approach to controlled ovarian stimulation (COS). However, the validity of such an approach remains to be established. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: To define the impact of specific genotype profiles of follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone and their receptors (FSHR, LHR and LHCGR) on ovarian stimulation outcome...
June 18, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
David S Smithson, Tannys D R Vause, Anthony P Cheung
OBJECTIVE: To review current non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic options for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). OPTIONS: This guideline reviews the evidence for the various options for ovulation induction in PCOS. OUTCOMES: Ovulation, pregnancy and live birth rates, risks, and side effects are the outcomes of interest. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of Medline using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words spanning from 2000 to 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Jemma A Moody, Kamran Ahmed, Tet Yap, Suks Minhas, Majid Shabbir
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of testicular cancer and its treatments on fertility and to review the current management options for the infertile, testicular cancer patient, both before diagnosis and after treatment, with the aim to provide practical recommendations to update contemporary guidelines and standardise clinical practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Searches for relevant articles on Pubmed and Google Scholar between 2000-2017, with additional articles sourced from reference lists of included publications...
June 19, 2018: BJU International
Darrel Waggoner, Karen E Wain, Adrian M Dubuc, Laura Conlin, Scott E Hickey, Allen N Lamb, Christa Lese Martin, Cynthia C Morton, Kristen Rasmussen, Jane L Schuette, Stuart Schwartz, David T Miller
PURPOSE: Chromosomal microarray (CMA) is recommended as the first-tier test in evaluation of individuals with neurodevelopmental disability and congenital anomalies. CMA may not detect balanced cytogenomic abnormalities or uniparental disomy (UPD), and deletion/duplications and regions of homozygosity may require additional testing to clarify the mechanism and inform accurate counseling. We conducted an evidence review to synthesize data regarding the benefit of additional testing after CMA to inform a genetic diagnosis...
June 18, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Annes J Claes, Paul Van de Heyning, Annick Gilles, Vincent Van Rompaey, Griet Mertens
OBJECTIVES: To critically assess the current status of the literature on cognitive outcomes after cochlear implantation in older adults. METHODS: Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE (PubMed) and Cochrane Library, and checking reference lists of relevant articles. No restrictions were imposed regarding language, publication date, or publication status. Eligibility criteria were as follows: (1) the study sample included older adults aged 50 or over with severe to profound bilateral hearing loss, (2) the participants received a multi-electrode cochlear implant, and (3) a cognitive test was performed before and after implantation...
June 18, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
Mary K Hill, Ravi R Patel, Pratibha Anand, Robert P Dellavalle
Google+ sets itself apart from other social media platforms through a number of unique features, including search engine optimization services and high user satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence of dermatological entities on Google+. Searches were conducted to locate any Google+ accounts associated with the most popular dermatology journals, dermatological patient-centered organizations, and professional dermatology-related organizations on social media. Additionally, "dermatology Google+" was searched via Google, and Google+ profiles retrieved in the first page of results were assessed...
April 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
Theresa Burns, Brian R Radke, Tyler Stitt, Carl Ribble
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) data generated by diagnostic animal health laboratories are underutilized for AMR reporting in Canada. Data assessment, review of practices in other jurisdictions, and expert interviews were used to develop an evidence-guided plan to generate AMR reports from British Columbia Animal Health Centre (AHC) data that would provide transparent, timely, and useful information to public health practitioners, the food animal sector, and the general public. Using the Canadian Animal Health Surveillance Network (CAHSN) platform was the most efficient method of data retrieval...
May 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Ruby Rajendra Shanker, Samantha J Anthony, Linda Wright
INTRODUCTION: Evolving methods of communication have increased public appeals for living organ and hematopoietic stem cell donations from strangers, giving public solicitations more visibility. Within the academic literature, perspectives have been divisive, reflecting ethical justifications for and against appeals for living unrelated donors. Transplant programs and clinicians face a variety of ethical dilemmas when patients and their solicited donors present to the hospital. OBJECTIVE: A scoping review methodology was designed to (1) explore the academic literature and (2) summarize and disseminate key research findings...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Kyle Gorkowski, Neil M Donahue, Ryan C Sullivan
We present a new algorithm for the analysis of whispering gallery modes (WGMs) found in the cavity enhanced Raman spectra retrieved from optically tweezed droplets. Our algorithm improves the computational scaling when analyzing core-shell droplets (i.e. phase-separated or biphasic droplets) in the aerosol optical tweezers (AOT), making it computationally practical to analyze spectra collected at a few Hz over hours-long experiments. This enables the determination of the size and refractive index of both the core and shell phases with high accuracy, at 0...
June 13, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Gauthier Calluaud, Louis-Marie Terrier, Bertrand Mathon, Christophe Destrieux, Stéphane Velut, Patrick François, Ilyess Zemmoura, Aymeric Amelot
BACKGROUND: Twenty percent of all brain metastases (BM) occur in the posterior fossa (PF). Radiotherapy sometimes associated with surgical resection remains the therapeutic option, while Karnovsky performance status and graded prognostic assessment (GPA) are the best preoperative survival prognostic factors. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prognostic role of peritumoral brain edema in the PF, which has never been explored though its role in supratentorial BM has been debated...
June 11, 2018: Neurosurgery
G Defeudis, R Mazzilli, D Gianfrilli, A Lenzi, A M Isidori
Adult-onset hypogonadism is a syndrome often underdiagnosed, undertreated, or incompletely explored. There are various reasons for this: firstly, undefined age range of men in whom testosterone levels should be investigated and then no definitive serum cutoff point for the diagnosis of hypogonadism; and finally, variable and non-specific signs and symptoms; men and physicians do not pay adequate attention to sexual health. All these factors make the diagnostic criteria for hypogonadism controversial. The evaluation of the clinical features and causes of this syndrome, its link with age, the role of testosterone and other hormone levels, and the presence of any comorbidities are all useful factors in the investigation of this population...
June 10, 2018: Andrology
Travis R Goodwin, Michael A Skinner, Sanda M Harabagiu
As medical science continues to advance, health care professionals and researchers are increasingly turning to clinical trials to obtain evidence supporting best-practice treatment options. While clinical trial registries such as aim to facilitate these needs, it has been shown that many trials in the registry do not contain links to their published results. To address this problem, we present NCT Link, a system for automatically linking registered clinical trials to published MEDLINE articles reporting their results...
2018: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
Maria Karagiannidou, Raphael Wittenberg, Filipa Isabel Trigo Landeiro, A-La Park, Andra Fry, Martin Knapp, Alastair M Gray, Antje Tockhorn-Heidenreich, Amparo Yovanna Castro Sanchez, Isaac Ghinai, Ron Handels, Pascal Lecomte, Jane Wolstenholme
INTRODUCTION: Dementia is one of the greatest health challenges the world will face in the coming decades, as it is one of the principal causes of disability and dependency among older people. Economic modelling is used widely across many health conditions to inform decisions on health and social care policy and practice. The aim of this literature review is to systematically identify, review and critically evaluate existing health economics models in dementia. We included the full spectrum of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), from preclinical stages through to severe dementia and end of life...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Kathrin J Emmerdinger, Christof Kuhbandner
Numerous studies have shown that retrieving contents from memory in a test improves long-term retention for those contents, even when compared to restudying (i.e., the "testing effect"). The beneficial effect of retrieval practice has been demonstrated for many different types of memory representations; however, one particularly important memory system has not been addressed in previous testing effect research: autobiographical memory. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of retrieving memories for personally experienced events on long-term memory for those events...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Chu-Yu Yen, Gow-Lieng Tseng
RATIONALE: Neovascular glaucoma (NVG) is one of the most aggressive types of glaucoma in clinical practice. The outcomes are unsatisfactory despite the successful trabeculectomy with glaucoma shunt insertion. PATIENT CONCERNS: EX-PRESS Glaucoma Filtration Device (Alcon Laboratories, Fort Worth, TX), which is used in open-angle glaucoma surgery, could minimize the potential injury caused by traditional trabeculectomy. However, no study reported about the posterior segment insertion of this device...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Marion Le Maréchal, Gianpiero Tebano, Annelie A Monnier, Niels Adriaenssens, Inge C Gyssens, Benedikt Huttner, Romina Milanic, Jeroen Schouten, Mirjana Stanic Benic, Ann Versporten, Vera Vlahovic-Palcevski, Veronica Zanichelli, Marlies E Hulscher, Céline Pulcini
Objectives: Quality indicators (QIs) assessing the appropriateness of antibiotic use are essential to identify targets for improvement and guide antibiotic stewardship interventions. The aim of this study was to develop a set of QIs for the outpatient setting from a global perspective. Methods: A systematic literature review was performed by searching MEDLINE and relevant web sites in order to retrieve a list of QIs. These indicators were extracted from published trials, guidelines, literature reviews or consensus procedures...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Marco Mercuri, Yao-Hong Liu, Ilde Lorato, Tom Torfs, Fokko Wieringa, Andre Bourdoux, Chris Van Hoof
A continuous wave Doppler radar, operating as a phase-locked-loop in phase demodulator configuration, is proposed and in vivo demonstrated for noncontact vital signs monitoring. The radar architecture exhibits a unique precision in tracking the phase modulation caused by human cardiopulmonary activity from which heartbeat and respiration can simultaneously be extracted. The single mixer architecture is immune to the null point and does not require small-angle approximation conditions, which distinguishes it from pre-existing other approaches...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
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