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Retrieval practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663992/-systemic-review-the-accuracy-of-lactic-dehydrogenase-in-the-diagnosis-of-pneumocystis-pneumonia
#1
Chuntao Deng, Yimin Li, Yi Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the accuracy of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) in the diagnosis of pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). METHODS: The data of this systemic review was retrieved from the PubMed, China Biology Medicine disc, Wanfang, Weipu and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases from establishment till to October 31st, 2017. Case-control studies about the diagnosis of PCP were enrolled. Enrolled studies were required that patients in case group ware PCP and patients in control group were lung diseases other than PCP...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660597/risk-stratification-of-sentinel-node-positive-melanoma-patients-defines-surgical-management-and-adjuvant-therapy-treatment-considerations
#2
Daniëlle Verver, David van Klaveren, Alexander C J van Akkooi, Piotr Rutkowski, Barry W E M Powell, Caroline Robert, Alessandro Testori, Barbara L van Leeuwen, Astrid A M van der Veldt, Ulrich Keilholz, Alexander M M Eggermont, Cornelis Verhoef, Dirk J Grünhagen
BACKGROUND: In light of the evolving landscape of adjuvant therapy in melanoma and the recently confirmed absent survival benefit of completion lymph node dissection (CLND), it becomes important to explore possible consequences of omitting CLND, and whether it is possible to adequately stratify positive sentinel node (SN) patients solely based on information retrieved from the melanoma up to the sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). METHODS: A retrospective cohort from nine European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Melanoma Group centres was used...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658538/-effectiveness-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-to-prevent-hospital-malnutrition-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#3
Luca Giuseppe Re, Maura Lusignani
. Effectiveness of oral nutritional supplements to prevent hospital malnutrition. Overview of systematic reviews. INTRODUCTION: Although oral nutritional supplements (ONSs) are among most popular interventions to prevent a condition of hospital malnutrition, their real benefits need to be clarified. AIM: To evaluate in adults the effectiveness of ONSs to prevent hospital malnutrition. METHODS: Papers retrieval by querying biomedical databases The Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, CINAHL...
January 2018: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656261/young-adult-cognitive-ability-and-subsequent-major-depression-in-a-cohort-of-666-804-danish-men
#4
Gunhild Tidemann Christensen, Maarten Pieter Rozing, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Kaare Christensen, Merete Osler
BACKGROUND: Early life cognitive ability (CA) might influence the risk of developing major depression (MD). The aim was to investigate the association between young adult CA and subsequent MD in relation to different MD disease characteristics. METHODS: Information on CA was assessed at conscription board examinations 1957-1984 (mean age 19 years) and information on MD was based on hospital diagnosis retrieved from Danish Patient registers 1969-2015. Associations between CA and MD were examined using Cox regression analyses...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651593/cervical-pedicle-screw-instrumentation-is-more-reliable-with-o-arm-based-3d-navigation-analysis-of-cervical-pedicle-screw-placement-accuracy-with-o-arm-based-3d-navigation
#5
Sourabh Chachan, Hamid Ramatullah Bin Abd Razak, Wee Lim Loo, John Carson Allen, Dinesh Shree Kumar
PURPOSE: Despite proven biomechanical superiority and resultant superior clinical outcomes, pedicle instrumentation in cervical spine is not widely practiced due to technical difficulties, steep learning curve, and possible potential catastrophic complications due to screw misplacement. This study was undertaken with the purpose to evaluate the feasibility, accuracy, and complications of cervical pedicle screw instrumentation solely using O-arm-based 3D navigation technology. METHODS: Prospectively maintained data from a single-surgeon case series were retrospectively analyzed...
April 12, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649927/distinct-episodic-contexts-enhance-retrieval-based-learning
#6
John Schwoebel, Acasia K Depperman, Jessica L Scott
Spaced retrieval practice results in better long-term retention than massed retrieval practice. The episodic context account of this effect suggests that updated representations of the more distinct temporal contexts associated with spaced retrievals facilitate later recall. We examined whether environmental context, in addition to temporal context, may also play a role in retrieval-based learning. Participants studied and then attempted to retrieve the English translations of Swahili words during four acquisition blocks of trials...
April 12, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648873/the-benefits-of-retrieval-practice-depend-on-item-difficulty-and-intelligence
#7
Meredith Minear, Jennifer H Coane, Sarah C Boland, Leah H Cooney, Marissa Albat
The authors examined whether individual differences in fluid intelligence (gF) modulate the testing effect. Participants studied Swahili-English word pairs and repeatedly studied half the pairs or attempted retrieval, with feedback, for the remaining half. Word pairs were easy or difficult to learn. Overall, participants showed a benefit of testing over restudy. However, almost 1/3 of the sample had a negative testing effect and benefitted more from restudy than testing, as well as performing better overall...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644069/clinical-course-after-parathyroidectomy-in-adults-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-maintenance-dialysis
#8
Christopher Thiam Seong Lim, Thevandra Kalaiselvam, Normayah Kitan, Bak Leong Goh
Background: Parathyroidectomy (PTX) is done in cases of secondary hyperparathyroidism from chronic kidney disease to improve renal osteodystrophy. Despite this widespread practice, clinical outcomes regarding the benefits of this procedure are still lacking. Most studies in the literature have opted to report the laboratory outcome instead. Our study aimed to evaluate the postoperative clinical course for patients who had undergone total PTX without autoimplantation. Methods and results: All patients who underwent PTX between January 2010 and February 2014 in a tertiary referral center were included in this study and followed up for 12 months...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643549/low-flow-anaesthesia-underused-mode-towards-sustainable-anaesthesia
#9
REVIEW
Madhusudan Upadya, P J Saneesh
Any technique that employs a fresh gas flow that is less than the alveolar ventilation can be classified as low-flow anaesthesia. The complexities involved in the calculation of uptake of anaesthetic agents during the closed-circuit anaesthesia made this technique less popular. However, the awareness of the dangers of theatre pollution with trace amounts of the anaesthetic agents and the prohibitively high cost of the new inhalational agents, have helped in the rediscovery of low-flow anaesthesia. Moreover, the time has arrived for each of us, the practicing anaesthesiologists, to move towards the practice of low-flow anaesthesia, to achieve lesser theatre and environmental pollution and also to make anaesthesia more economical...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642782/author-accepted-manuscript-the-role-of-retrieval-practice-in-memory-and-analogical-problem-solving
#10
Autumn B Hostetter, Elizabeth A Penix, Mackenzie Z Norman, W Robert Batsell, Tom Carr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629687/the-usefulness-of-routine-histological-examination-of-appendicectomy-specimens-in-a-south-african-tertiary-centre
#11
O O Jolayemi, N B Moodley, V Y Kong, B Tlou, J L Bruce, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: It is accepted surgical practice to send all appendicectomy specimens for histological examination, but the usefulness and cost associated with this practice have not been established in our setting, a tertiary hospital in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa (SA). OBJECTIVES: To determine the histological diagnoses of appendicectomy specimens in our centre, and the cost of identifying an alternative histological diagnosis requiring further treatment...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625250/external-quality-assessment-identifies-training-needs-to-determine-the-neoplastic-cell-content-for-biomarker-testing
#12
Kelly Dufraing, Gert De Hertogh, Véronique Tack, Cleo Keppens, Elisabeth M C Dequeker, Han J H van Krieken
Neoplastic cell content determination is crucial for biomarker testing. It is known that inter-observer variation exists, but large-scale data are missing about variation in tumor delineation and cell content determination between pathologists. Results were obtained from the external quality assessment program for metastatic colorectal cancer from the European Society of Pathology (N=5,776 observations). The study included three parts: current practices were surveyed, neoplastic cell content estimations and delineations were retrieved from stained slides, and clinical reports were analyzed...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623825/functional-neuroimaging-biomarkers-in-migraine-diagnostic-prognostic-and-therapeutic-implications
#13
Antonio Russo, Marcello Silvestro, Alessandro Tessitore, Gioacchino Tedeschi
INTRODUCTION: in current migraine clinical practice conventional neuroimaging examinations are often sought to exclude possible causes of secondary headaches or migraine-associated disorders. Contrariwise, although advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has improved tremendously our understanding of human brain processes in migraine patients, to the state of the art they have not superseded the conventional neuroimaging techniques in the migraine clinical setting. METHODS: a comprehensive review was conducted of PubMed citations by entering the key word "marker" AND/OR "biomarker" combined with "migraine" AND/OR "headache...
April 5, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623419/axial-plane-dissimilarities-of-two-identical-lenke-type-6c-scoliosis-cases-visualized-and-analyzed-by-vertebral-vectors
#14
Tamás S Illés, Máté Burkus, Szabolcs Somoskeőy, Fabien Lauer, Francois Lavaste, Jean F Dubousset
PURPOSE: The global appearance of scoliosis in the horizontal plane is not really known. Therefore, the aims of this study were to analyze scoliosis in the horizontal plane using vertebral vectors in two patients classified with the same Lenke group, and to highlight the importance of the information obtained from these vertebral vector-based top-view images in clinical practice. METHODS: Two identical cases of scoliosis were selected, based on preoperative full-body standing anteroposterior and lateral radiographs obtained by the EOS™ 2D/3D system...
April 6, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622824/traditional-medicines-and-alternative-practice-in-the-management-of-prostate-diseases-in-southern-ghana
#15
Mathew Y Kyei, George O Klufio, Ali Ayamba, Sherif Mohammed
Objective: This study was aimed at identifying Ghanaian traditional medicines used for the management of prostate diseases and their constituents. Reviews of studies conducted on them are also presented. Methodology: This was a prospective study. Traditional Medicine samples from consecutive patients with either lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) presenting at the Urology Unit of the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH) in Accra from January 2015 to June 2016 and had a prior treatment with traditional medicines, had the samples retrieved...
September 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621616/contaminants-in-blood-cultures-importance-implications-interpretation-and-prevention
#16
REVIEW
Sylvie Dargère, Hélène Cormier, Renaud Verdon
BACKGROUND: Despite the development of new microbiological technologies, blood cultures remain the first line tool for the diagnosis of bloodstream infections. Their diagnostic value may be affected when a microorganism of questionable evidence is isolated, for example, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Bacillus spp., viridans group streptococci, Corynebacterium spp., Propionibacterium spp., and Micrococcus spp. Finally, making a correct diagnosis of pathogenicity (vs contamination) is very challenging...
April 2, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619795/switching-between-pitch-surfaces-practical-applications-and-future-perspectives-for-soccer-training
#17
Vincenzo Rago, João R Silva, João Brito, Daniel Barreira, Magni Mohr, Peter Krustrup, António N Rebelo
Soccer training and completion is conventionally practiced on natural grass (NG) or artificial turf (AT). Recently, AT pitches for training / competition, and of unstable surfaces for injury prevention training has increased. Therefore, soccer players are frequently exposed to variations in pitch surface during either training or competition. These ground changes may impact physical and physiological responses, adaptations as well as the injury. The aim of this review was to summarize the acute physical and physiological responses, chronic adaptations, and injury risk associated with exercising on different pitch surfaces in soccer...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619353/an-evaluation-of-h-index-as-a-measure-of-research-productivity-among-canadian-academic-plastic-surgeons
#18
Jiayi Hu, Arian Gholami, Nicholas Stone, Justyna Bartoszko, Achilleas Thoma
Background: Evaluation of research productivity among plastic surgeons can be complex. The Hirsch index (h-index) was recently introduced to evaluate both the quality and quantity of one's research activity. It has been proposed to be valuable in assessing promotions and grant funding within academic medicine, including plastic surgery. Our objective is to evaluate research productivity among Canadian academic plastic surgeons using the h-index. Methods: A list of Canadian academic plastic surgeons was obtained from websites of academic training programs...
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618832/prevalence-duration-and-risk-factors-for-appendicular-osteoarthritis-in-a-uk-dog-population-under-primary-veterinary-care
#19
Katharine L Anderson, Dan G O'Neill, David C Brodbelt, David B Church, Richard L Meeson, David Sargan, Jennifer F Summers, Helen Zulch, Lisa M Collins
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease diagnosed in veterinary medicine and poses considerable challenges to canine welfare. This study aimed to investigate prevalence, duration and risk factors of appendicular osteoarthritis in dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK. The VetCompassTM programme collects clinical data on dogs attending UK primary-care veterinary practices. The study included all VetCompassTM dogs under veterinary care during 2013. Candidate osteoarthritis cases were identified using multiple search strategies...
April 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618356/in-vitro-maturation-of-oocytes-from-excised-ovarian-tissue-in-a-patient-with-autoimmune-ovarian-insufficiency-possibly-associated-with-epstein-barr-virus-infection
#20
Irma Virant-Klun, Andrej Vogler
BACKGROUND: Some reports show that it is possible to isolate immature oocytes from human ovarian tissue retrieved by a cortex biopsy or ovariectomy of non-stimulated ovaries and mature them in vitro. The mature oocytes can be vitrified and stored for in vitro fertilization, which, along with ovarian tissue cryopreservation, is mostly practiced in young cancer patients to preserve their fertility. There is much less data on this new approach in women with a natural ovarian insufficiency, which can be caused by different factors, including viral infection...
April 5, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
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