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Splenic rupture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204966/inhibition-of-the-renin-angiotensin-system-post-myocardial-infarction-prevents-inflammation-associated-acute-cardiac-rupture
#1
Xiao-Ming Gao, Alan Tsai, Annas Al-Sharea, Yidan Su, Shirley Moore, Li-Ping Han, Helen Kiriazis, Anthony M Dart, Andrew J Murphy, Xiao-Jun Du
PURPOSE: Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is beneficial in patient management after myocardial infarction (MI). However, whether RAS inhibition also provides cardiac protection in the acute phase of MI is unclear. METHODS: Male 129sv mice underwent coronary artery occlusion to induce MI, followed by treatment with losartan (L, 20 and 60 mg/kg), perindopril (P, 2 and 6 mg/kg), amlodipine (20 mg/kg as a BP-lowering agent) or vehicle as control. Drug effects on hemodynamics were examined...
February 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202022/hematologic-manifestations-of-babesiosis
#2
REVIEW
Tamer Akel, Neville Mobarakai
BACKGROUND: Babesiosis, a zoonotic parasitic infection transmitted by the Ixodes tick, has become an emerging health problem in humans that is attracting attention worldwide. Most cases of human babesiosis are reported in the United States and Europe. The disease is caused by the protozoa of the genus Babesia, which invade human erythrocytes and lyse them causing a febrile hemolytic anemia. The infection is usually asymptomatic or self-limited in the immunocompetent host, or follows a persistent, relapsing, and/or life threatening course with multi-organ failure, mainly in the splenectomized or immunosuppressed patients...
February 15, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184357/delayed-splenic-rupture-normal-appearing-spleen-on-the-initial-multidetector-computed-tomography-mdct-can-sometimes-be-misleading
#3
Alireza Hamidian Jahromi, Matias Migliaro, Melisa Romano, Guillermo Sangster
INTRODUCTION: Delayed splenic rupture (DSR) is an unusual outcome following blunt abdominal trauma. Although DSR is defined as bleeding more than 48 hours after blunt trauma in a previously hemodynamically stable patient, a review of the reported cases in the literature shows that in almost all of the cases the initial CT imaging revealed some form of damage to the spleen. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we describe an extremely rare condition in a case that presented with a DSR following blunt trauma and had a normal appearing spleen in the initial post trauma MDCT scan...
November 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168078/a-rare-case-of-diffuse-hemangiomatosis-of-the-spleen-with-splenic-rupture-following-aortic-valve-replacement
#4
F Capilli, M Weinbeck, M Czerny, M Siepe, T Krauss
In this paper we present a rare case of splenic rupture that occurred after an open aortic valve replacement in a male patient with hemangiomatosis of the spleen and the liver. The patient was treated with an emergency splenectomy. He showed no other sings of associated systemic disorder, such as Klippel-trénaunay syndrome or Proteus syndrome.
2017: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141946/a-rare-case-of-spontaneous-splenic-rupture-in-pregnancy-a-successful-outcome-for-mother-and-baby-against-the-odds
#5
Rizwana Yakub, Gaity Ahmad, Naheed Rana, Sami Titi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141550/splenic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-rupture-into-a-pancreatic-pseudocyst-with-its-subsequent-perforation-as-the-cause-of-a-massive-intra-abdominal-bleeding-case-report
#6
Jerzy Szpakowicz, Paulina Szpakowicz, Andrzej Urbanik, Leszek Markuszewski
Pseudocysts account for approximately 70% of all cystic lesions of the pancreas. One of the most dangerous complications of pancreatic pseudocysts is bleeding into the cystic lumen; the most common cause of the bleeding is a splenic artery pseudoaneurysm rupture. This paper presents the case of a 37-year-old man treated surgically for a massive intra-abdominal haemorrhage caused by a splenic artery pseudoaneurysm rupture into the lumen of a tail of pancreas pseudocyst with its subsequent perforation into the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space...
December 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128682/percutaneous-cholecystocentesis-in-cats-with-suspected-hepatobiliary-disease
#7
Victoria L Byfield, Julie E Callahan Clark, Bradley J Turek, Charles W Bradley, Mark P Rondeau
Objectives The objective was to evaluate the safety and diagnostic utility of percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis (PUC) in cats with suspected hepatobiliary disease. Methods Medical records of 83 cats with suspected hepatobiliary disease that underwent PUC were retrospectively reviewed. Results At the time of PUC, at least one additional procedure was performed in 79/83 cats, including hepatic aspiration and/or biopsy (n = 75) and splenic aspiration (n = 18). Complications were noted in 14/83 cases, including increased abdominal fluid (n = 11), needle-tip occlusion (n = 1), failed first attempt to penetrate the gall bladder wall (n = 1) and pneumoperitoneum (n = 1)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126180/endovascular-treatment-for-imminent-rupture-of-a-giant-aberrant-splenic-aneurysm
#8
Gang Fang, Weiguo Fu, Zhihui Dong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119438/atraumatic-splenic-rupture-secondary-to-epstein-barr-virus-infection
#9
Jessica Barnwell, Paramjeet Singh Deol
We present a case report of atraumatic splenic rupture secondary to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. A woman aged 36 years presented to a London teaching hospital's Accident and Emergency department with severe abdominal pain following a 6-day history of diarrhoea and vomiting, which had been under review by her GP. A CT scan demonstrated free intraperitoneal fluid and abnormal appearance of her spleen. Blood tests demonstrated EBV infection with positive serology and leucocytosis. She underwent a laparoscopic washout, which confirmed a subcapsular splenic haematoma that was initially managed conservatively...
January 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118934/massive-hemoperitoneum-secondary-to-splenic-rupture-after-extracorporeal-lithotripsy
#10
Manuel Jesús Saavedra Chacon, Antonia Sonia Salas Diaz, José Miguel Ramos Durán, José David Romero Gallego, Manuel Rodriguez Ramos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069418/splenic-artery-aneurysm-rupture-in-pregnancy
#11
Joshua Jacobson, Chad Gorbatkin, Stacey Good, Scott Sullivan
CASE PRESENTATION: A pregnant woman at 22+5/7weeks gestation presented to the emergency department (ED) from an outpatient clinic, hypotensive after experiencing a syncopal episode. On arrival to the ER she was tachycardic, tachypneic and complaining of abdominal pain. A bedside FAST was performed and noted free fluid in the abdomen. Subsequent CT obtained noted the rare but life-threatening diagnosis of ruptured splenic artery aneurysm that resulted in emergent transfer to the operating room with OB/GYN and general surgery...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050441/blunt-cardiac-rupture-a-diagnostic-challenge
#12
Suraj Pinni, Vineet Kumar, Satish Balkrishna Dharap
Blunt Cardiac Rupture (BCR) is a life threatening injury. Majority of patients do not reach the hospital and in those who reach the emergency department, timely diagnosis and treatment is a challenge. The case is about a patient with multiple blunt injuries who presented in shock. Cardiac tamponade was suspected on clinical grounds and on evidence of mediastinal widening on radiograph. In the absence of songography, the diagnosis was confirmed by subxiphoid pericardial window. Emergency thoracotomy revealed a right atrial appendage rupture which was surgically corrected...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043643/-laparoscopic-cleavage-in-splenic-symptomatic-cyst
#13
Antonio-José Fernández-López, Marifé Candel-Arenas, Francisco-Miguel González-Valverde, Delia Luján-Martínez, Esther Medina-Manuel, Antonio Albarracín Marín-Blázquez
BACKGROUND: Splenic cysts are rare diseases that are diagnosed incidentally during imaging studies. When cysts are recognized, surgical treatment is recommended adapted to the particular case, depending on the size and location of the cyst and the age of the patient in order to avoid dangerous complications such as spleen rupture or cyst infection with abscess. CLINICAL CASE: We report 2patients with symptomatic splenic epidermoid cyst treated by laparoscopic cleavage...
December 30, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035311/primary-splenic-lymphoma-current-diagnostic-trends
#14
EDITORIAL
Sachin B Ingle, Chitra R Hinge Ingle
The primary splenic lymphoma is extremely uncommon, can present with grave complications like hypersplenism and splenic rupture. In view of vague clinical presentation, it is difficult to arrive at the diagnosis. In such circumstances, histopathological diagnosis is very important. A precise diagnosis can only be made on histopathology and confirmed on immunohistochemistry.Emergency splenectomy is preferred as an effective therapeutic and diagnostic tool in cases with giant splenomegaly. Core biopsy is usually not advised due to a high risk of post-core biopsy complications in view of its high vascularity and fragility...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027808/-splenic-rupture-secondary-to-abscess-rare-cause-of-pneumoperitoneum-case-report
#15
Jorge Enrique Barrón-Reyes, Julio César Chávez-Galván, Jesús Alejandro Martínez-Peralta, Julio César López-Valdés
BACKGROUND: Splenic abscesses are rare entities; reports are commonly described in immunocompromised patients (72%) as: hematologic diseases, diabetes, endocarditis, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, transplant patients and subjects who had abdominal trauma or splenic infarction. The main and most serious complication is the abscess rupture into the peritoneal cavity or adjacent organs (stomach or colon), which determines hemodynamic instability or septic state. CLINICAL CASE: Fifty-year-old man, who was admitted at Emergency Room due eight days' progressive, oppressive, and current pain; intensity 4/10, irradiated at hemi-back, which was higher intensity during the standing and decreased at supine position...
December 24, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018700/the-cause-of-unexpected-acute-abdomen-and-intra-abdominal-hemorrhage-in-24-week-pregnant-woman-bochdalek-hernia
#16
Yavuz Savas Koca, Ibrahim Barut, İhsan Yildiz, Rasih Yazkan
Bochdalek hernia (BH) is the most common type of congenital diaphragm hernia and is rarely seen in adults. In adult patients, BH often remains asymptomatic or presents with nondiagnostic symptoms and may lead to complications, though rarely. The necrosis and perforations occurring in the hernia may lead to mortality. In this report, we present a 34-year-old pregnant woman at 24 gestational weeks who presented with Bochdalek hernia causing gastric volvulus associated with perforation and intra-abdominal hemorrhage associated with splenic rupture...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932439/management-of-splenic-ectopic-pregnancy-presenting-with-massive-haemoperitoneum
#17
Alissa Greenbaum, Richard Miskimins, Brittany Coffman, Jasmeet Paul
Abdominal ectopic pregnancy (EP) accounts for only 1.3% of EPs and occurs when a fertilised ovum implants in an extrapelvic peritoneal location. Primary splenic pregnancy is a rare type of abdominal EP, with only 16 cases previously reported in the literature. Early diagnosis is essential as delay in treatment carries significant potential for morbidity and mortality. We present the case of a 27-year-old woman presenting with left upper quadrant abdominal pain, elevated human chorionic gonadotropin levels, absence of intrauterine gestational sac and massive haemoperitoneum on transvaginal ultrasound...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923205/spontaneous-rupture-of-splenic-hematoma-in-a-malaria-patient-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Bassem M Abou Hussein, Ali M Al Ani, Omar Al-Mayoofi, Mahpara Mehraj, Afra A Joher, Juanita A Bonilla, Alya S Al-Mazrouei, Faisal M Badri
INTRODUCTION: Blunt abdominal trauma is the most common cause of splenic rupture. Malaria is the most frequent tropical infectious cause of spontaneous splenic rupture. The exact mechanism is not well-defined. CASE REPORT: We report a case of thirty-year-old male patient known to have malaria who presented with spontaneous splenic rupture. A trial of conservative treatment failed and splenecomy was done to control bleeding. CONCLUSION: Spontaneous splenic rupture should be kept in mind in malaria patients presenting with left upper quadrant pain and signs of hypovolemia...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921447/haemorrhagic-shock-due-to-spontaneous-splenic-rupture-in-a-patient-subsequently-diagnosed-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#19
Mariaclelia La Russa, Fani Kokka, Michelle Lockley, Elly Brockbank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872785/rebleeding-of-a-splenic-artery-aneurysm-after-coil-embolisation
#20
Kyra D Kingma, Antonius N van der Linden, Rudi M H Roumen
Background. Splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) is an uncommon and difficult diagnosis. SAA is more common in females. Only 20% of SAA is symptomatic and may present as a rupture. A ruptured SAA is associated with a 25% mortality rate. Case Presentation. We present a case of a male patient with a bleeding SAA that rapidly increased in size. Distal coiling was technically impossible and despite proximal coil embolisation the SAA continued to bleed. A laparotomy including splenectomy and partial pancreatectomy was performed with an uneventful patient recovery...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
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