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Functional endoscopic sinus

Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Mohammad Abdelhady, Hazem Saeed Amer, Manar A Ghali
Introduction Due to the close anatomical relationship between the paranasal sinuses and the orbit, involvement or injury of the orbit from paranasal sinuses procedures may occur. Objectives We aimed to study the early and delayed effect of endoscopic sinus surgery on intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods We included in the study 38 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), undergoing FESS. We performed FESS with the standard anterior to posterior approach. We measured IOP at the same time one day before surgery as well as day 1 and 6 weeks after surgery...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Polpun Boonmak, Suhattaya Boonmak, Malinee Laopaiboon
BACKGROUND: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is a minimally invasive technique that is used to treat chronic sinusitis. Small bleeding areas can reduce operative visibility and result in destruction of surrounding structures. Deliberate hypotension (lowering the mean arterial blood pressure to between 50 and 65 mm Hg in normotensive patients) using a range of pharmacological agents during general anaesthesia reduces blood loss in many operations. This review was originally published in 2013 and updated in February 2016...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Selahattin Tugrul, Remzi Dogan, Erol Senturk, Ilker Kocak, Seda Sezen, Mefkur Bakan, Orhan Ozturan
: OBJECTıVE: The objective of this randomized double blind study was to evaluate effect of the premedication with oral clonidine on blood pressure, cleaning of surgical site and bleeding in the ESS performed due to advanced NP. METHODS: A total of 52 patients who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) due to Kennedy grade 4 nasal polyposis (NP) were included. Patients were randomized into two groups. Group 1 (n=26) received 0.2mg oral clonodine one hour before the operation in addition to standard anesthesia procedure...
August 30, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Ajisha Aravindan, Rajeshwari Subramanium, Anjolie Chhabra, Priyankar K Datta, Vimi Rewari, Suresh C Sharma, Rakesh Kumar
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to know whether addition of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) or diltiazem to total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) (propofol) aided reduction in blood loss during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). The secondary outcomes measured were surgeon's assessment of the surgical field and hemodynamics. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Forty-five American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II adult patients (18-60years) undergoing FESS...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Sercan Gode, Huseyin Biceroglu, Goksel Turhal, Umut Erdogan, Murat S Ates, Isa Kaya, Erkin Ozgiray, Rasit Midilli, Bulent Karci
Endoscopic endonasal approach has been successfully used for the management of pituitary tumors; however, the loss of septal mucosa especially around sphenoethmoidal recess and posterior nasal septum might be a disadvantage of this technique. The aim of this study is to describe a variation of the endonasal approach, "double nasoseptal flap" technique in endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery, and to evaluate its outcomes. The technique depends on fully harvested bigger nasoseptal flap on one side and smaller on the other...
September 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Giovanni Salzano, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Apostolos Karligkiotis, Jacopo Zocchi, Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona, Luigi Califano, Paolo Battaglia, Paolo Castelnuovo
BACKGROUND: The infraorbital nerve (ION) is a terminal branch of the maxillary nerve (V2) providing sensory innervation to the malar skin. It is sometimes necessary to sacrifice the ION and its branches to obtain adequate maxillary sinus exposure for radical resection of sinonasal tumors. Consequently, patients suffer temporary or permanent paresthesia, hypoestesthia, and neuralgia of the face. We describe an innovative technique used for preservation of the ION while removing the anterior, superior, and lateral walls of the maxillary sinus through a medial endoscopic transnasal maxillectomy...
September 28, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
William T O'Brien, Stefan Hamelin, Erik K Weitzel
Although functional endoscopic sinus surgery is an effective means of treating patients with recurrent and refractory sinusitis, the procedure is not without risk of serious surgical complications. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) affords radiologists the opportunity to prospectively identify anatomic variants that predispose patients to major surgical complications; however, these critical variants are not consistently evaluated or documented on preoperative imaging reports. The purpose of this review is to illustrate important anatomic variants and landmarks on the preoperative sinus CT with a focus on those that predispose patients to surgical complications...
October 2016: Radiology
Y Wang, Y J Zhang, H H Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of lamina papyracea ingression on orbito-ocular complications after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). METHODS: Data of computed tomography (CT) and post-FESS complications were analysed in 483 patients undergoing FESS from October 2013 to November 2015. According to the condition of lamina papyracea, these patients were divided into lamina papyracea ingression group (ingression group) and normal group. All data were analyzed to observe the effect of lamina papyracea ingression on orbito-ocular complications...
August 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Mohammad Ebrahim Yarmohammadi, Hassan Ghasemi, Farhad Jafari, Pupak Izadi, Mohammadreza Jalali Nadoushan, Narges Saghari Chin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a teamwork revision endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) in eyes with previously failed external DCR. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on 50 failed external DCR subjects who underwent a teamwork revision endoscopic DCR by an ophthalmologist and an otolaryngologist. Paranasal sinus CT scanning was performed for each patient before the revision surgery. During surgery, any abnormal tissue noticed before silicone intubation was sent for pathological evaluation...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Takehiro Karaho, Junko Nakajima, Tetsuya Satoh, Keisuke Kawahara, Takeshi Nakayama, Naoyuki Kohno
OBJECTIVE: Mano-videoendoscopy (MVE) is a manometry technique with endoscopic confirmation of the pressure catheter. This study aimed to investigate the possibility of replacing a videofluorographic swallowing study (VFSS) with MVE for the precise evaluation of the pharyngeal contraction and the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) function. METHODS: The data from 69 patients with dysphagia were retrospectively reviewed. All of the patients underwent both MVE and a VFSS for the evaluation of dysphagia...
August 29, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Olympia Koulouri, Narayanan Kandasamy, Andrew C Hoole, Daniel Gillett, Sarah Heard, Andrew S Powlson, Dominic G O'Donovan, Anand K Annamalai, Helen L Simpson, Scott A Akker, Simon J B Aylwin, Antonia Brooke, Harit Buch, Miles J Levy, Niamh Martin, Damian Morris, Craig Parkinson, James R Tysome, Tom Santarius, Neil Donnelly, John Buscombe, Istvan Boros, Rob Smith, Franklin Aigbirhio, Nagui M Antoun, Neil G Burnet, Heok Cheow, Richard J Mannion, John D Pickard, Mark Gurnell
OBJECTIVE: To determine if functional imaging using (11)C-methionine positron emission tomography co-registered with 3D gradient echo MRI (Met-PET/MRI), can identify sites of residual active tumour in treated acromegaly, and discriminate these from post-treatment change, to allow further targeted treatment. DESIGN/METHODS: Twenty-six patients with persistent acromegaly after previous treatment, in whom MRI appearances were considered indeterminate, were referred to our centre for further evaluation over a 4...
November 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Marcin Fraczek, Maciej Guzinski, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Tomasz Krecicki
The aim of the study was to compare visualisation of the surgically relevant anatomical structures via low- and standard-dose multidetector CT protocol in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and higher risk for perioperative complications (i.e. presence of bronchial asthma, history of sinus surgery and advanced nasal polyposis). 135 adult CRS patients were divided randomly into standard-dose (120 kVp, 100 mAs) or low-dose CT groups (120 kVp, 45 mAs). The detectability of the vital anatomical structures (anterior ethmoid artery, optic nerve, cribriform plate and lamina papyracea) was scored using a five-point scale (from excellent to unacceptable) by a radiologist and sinus surgeon...
August 23, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Se-Hyung Kim
Silent sinus syndrome (SSS) is a rare clinical syndrome associated with characteristic spontaneous and gradual downward bowing of the orbital floor caused by impaired sinus ventilation. The author experienced a rare case of SSS in a 35-year-old woman patient. She was referred for evaluation of a spontaneous orbital asymmetry with right enophthalmos and hypoglobus. She underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery to open obstructed maxillary sinus ostium and aesthetic eyelid surgery to enhance the appearance of her orbital asymmetry...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Prasad John Thottam, Chistopher M Metz, Monica C Kieu, James Dworkin, Janardhan Jagini, Johnathan N Bangiyev, Deepak Mehta
To evaluate the 2-year post-operative outcomes of pediatric patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) treated with balloon catheter sinuplasty (BCS) and ethmoidectomy compared to functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Two-group, retrospective cohort study of 28 children with CRS was performed. Of these 28 participants, 15 were treated with traditional FESS (53.6 %) and 13 (46.4 %) underwent traditional ethmoidectomy with balloon sinuplasty. Pre-operative and 2-year postoperative total symptom scores and medications were compared...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Edward Noon, Claire Hopkins
Chronic rhinosinusitis has a significant impact on health-related and generic quality-of-life, has a high cost burden to both society and patients, and may be associated with absenteeism, loss of productivity and poor respiratory function. Though there is a paucity of level 1 evidence, endoscopic sinus surgery may be considered in medically refractory patients and a variety of objective and subjective outcome measures exist to assess the effectiveness of intervention. We outline the outcome measurements available and review in-depth the published outcomes to date...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Safinaz Karabayirli, Kadriye Serife Ugur, Ruveyda Irem Demircioglu, Bunyamin Muslu, Burhanettin Usta, Huseyin Sert, Nebil Ark
To compare dexmedetomidine with remifentanil in functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in regards to intra-operative bleeding, anesthetic consumption and post-operative recovery. Randomized, double blind study. Tertiary care medical center. Fifty patients with nasal polyposis who had been scheduled for FESS were randomly divided into two groups. In group D (n = 25), dexmedetomidine 1 µg/kg infused intravenous (IV) over 10 min before anesthesia induction, followed by a continuous of 0.7 µg/kg/h infusion during operation...
July 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
M Andreasi Bassi, C Andrisani, M A Lopez, R M Gaudio, L Lombardo, D Lauritano
The aim of this study was to evaluate a sinus lift via crestal approach (SLVCA) case series, performed with rotary instruments and hydraulic pressure, analyzed under endoscopic control. Sixteen patients (11 female, 5 male, mean age 47.13±8.07 years) candidates for SLVCA were enrolled in this study. Twenty-two cylindrical two-piece implants were placed. After a suitable period of time needed for the consolidation of the graft (mean value 5.78±1.49 months), the bone augmentation was assessed by means of intraoral X-ray exams before the surgical procedure of re-entry...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Jessica E Southwood, Todd A Loehrl, David M Poetker
In the standard functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) procedure, the amount of dissection is often determined by the extent of disease with the goal to preserve as much normal mucosa as possible while restoring ventilation and reestablishing mucociliary clearance. A subset of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP), however, may continue to have persistent mucosal inflammatory and aggressive polyp regrowth despite standard FESS and maximal pharmacology therapy, leading to recurrent and recalcitrant disease...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
Kai Fruth, Jan Gosepath
Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) has been defined as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-triggered hypersensitivity, non-allergic bronchial asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps. The underlying pathophysiology of AERD is not completely understood so far. An altered arachidonic acid metabolism and dysregulated enzyme activity are regarded to be causal. AERD is characterized by recalcitrant CRS with recurrent nasal polyps after sinus surgery, accompanied by difficult to treat bronchial asthma and adverse reaction after NSAID ingestion such as nasal blockage, itching, laryngospasm and severe asthma attacks...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
Tiago Costa, Eduardo Ferreira, Luís Antunes, Paulo Borges Dinis
INTRODUCTION: The frequently used irrigant in dental surgery, sodium hypochlorite, is occasionally the cause of minor, usually circumscribed, adverse effects. Severe, extensive complications, with lasting sequelae, however, also can occur, as in the case we report herein. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old woman underwent an endodontic procedure on a maxillary molar, whose roots, unknown to the surgeon, were protruding into the maxillary sinus. After sodium hypochlorite root canal irrigation, the patient immediately developed intense facial pain, facial edema, and periorbital cellulitis...
January 2016: Allergy & Rhinology
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