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Functional endoscopic sinus

Frederick Yoo, Carmen Chan, Edward C Kuan, Marvin Bergsneider, Marilene B Wang
Objectives  Prolactinomas are the most common functional pituitary adenoma. Symptoms of a prolactinoma stem from hormonal causes (menstrual irregularities, galactorrhea, and reduced libido) or from tumor mass effect (visual changes and headache). Gender differences have been noted in prolactinomas, with males presenting with larger tumors and sequelae of mass effect, while females present commonly with hormonal symptoms. The purpose of this study is to evaluate differences in patient and disease characteristics, and outcomes between male and female prolactinoma patients undergoing surgery...
August 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Simon Leonard, Ayushi Sinha, Austin Reiter, Masaru Ishii, Gary L Gallia, Russell H Taylor, Gregory D Hager
Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) is one of the most common outpatient surgical procedures performed in the head and neck region. It is used to treat chronic sinusitis, a disease characterized by inflammation in the nose and surrounding paranasal sinuses, affecting about 15% of the adult population [1]. During FESS, the nasal cavity is visualized using an endoscope, and instruments are used to remove tissues that are often within a millimeter of critical anatomical structures such as the optic nerve, carotid arteries, and nasolacrimal ducts...
May 7, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Jaleh Yousefi, Hojat Madarshahi, Asghar Akhavan, Abolfazl Taheri, Masoumeh Saeedi, Ali Bagherihagh, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi
OBJECTIVES: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is characterized by a long-time inflammatory disease of nasal and sinus mucosa. Olfactory dysfunction is common among CRS patients with a prevalence ranging from 48% to 83%. We aimed to assess the effect of ESS on olfactory function of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps. METHOD: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 30 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps. Patients were randomly allocated to two intervention and control groups; patients in intervention group underwent endoscopic sinus surgery by a single surgeon and control group continued standard treatment with nasal irrigation of normal saline (4 times daily) and nasal corticosteroids (one puff in each nostril daily)...
June 1, 2018: International Tinnitus Journal
Khashayar Arianpour, Peter F Svider, Nicholas Guys, Kerolos Shenouda, Elana Folbe, Wayne D Hsueh, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
BACKGROUND: The objective of this work was to evaluate factors associated with antibiotic and oral corticosteroid (OCS) prescription among otolaryngologists regularly performing sinus surgery. METHODS: Fellowship-trained rhinologists, including fellowship directors, were identified via the American Rhinologic Society (ARS) website. Non-fellowship-trained otolaryngologists performing ≥25 balloons (frontal/maxillary) or ≥25 functional endoscopic sinus surgeries (FESSs) (frontal/maxillary/ethmoids) were also included in "balloon surgeons" and "sinus surgeon" cohorts, respectively...
July 6, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Chadi A Makary, Alex Limjuco, John Nguyen, Hassan H Ramadan
INTRODUCTION: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery for frontal sinus disease has obviated the need for external approaches. Special circumstances such as acute infection with orbital involvement or significant lateral sinus disease frequently require adjunct access. We describe the clinical outcomes of a combined upper eyelid crease and endoscopic approach for lateral frontal sinus disease with orbital extension. METHODS: A retrospective case series of 7 patients who underwent a combined lid crease approach for frontal sinus disease with orbital extension between April 2012 and October 2016 was performed...
July 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Henrik Borg, Peter Siesjö, Babar Kahlon, Sigridur Fjalldal, Eva Marie Erfurth
PURPOSE: No previous study has analyzed serum cortisol levels during transsphenoidal endoscopic pituitary surgery in patients with and without hydrocortisone (HC) substitution. METHODS: A total of 15 patients undergoing surgery for a pituitary adenoma were studied. Those with normal ACTH function were either not given HC (n = 7) or received 50 mg intravenous HC at the start of surgery (n = 4). Patients with ACTH deficiency received intravenous HC of 100 mg in the morning before surgery (n = 4) with the additional 50 mg for an afternoon operation (n = 2)...
July 2, 2018: Endocrine
D D Maharaj, R S Virk, S Bansal, A K Gupta
OBJECTIVES: To compare combined conventional Freer medialisation and controlled synechiae, performed for middle meatal access (during the initial steps of functional endoscopic sinus surgery) and post-operative middle turbinate medialisation, with basal lamella relaxing incision, the latter of which is a single step for achieving both middle meatal access and post-operative medialisation. The study also compared the effects of controlled synechiae and basal lamella relaxing incision on post-operative olfaction...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Jonathan S Ni, Anvesh R Kompelli, Shaun A Nguyen, Rodney J Schlosser, Clarice Clemmens, Zachary M Soler
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a prevalent condition with quality of life (QoL) impacts that are seldom reported in the literature. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on studies using the Sinus and Nasal Quality of Life Survey (SN-5), the only validated symptom questionnaire in pediatric CRS. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify studies that used the SN-5 to measure QoL before and after medical or surgical interventions for pediatric CRS...
August 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Catherine G Banks, Jaime A P Garcia, Jessica Grayson, Do Yeon Cho, Bradford A Woodworth
Background The osteoplastic flap provides access to pathology of the frontal sinus and is often performed with obliteration, which can result in significant long-term complications. Objective To describe the authors' approach to osteoplastic flap without obliteration. Methods Descriptive analysis. Results Osteoplastic flap without obliteration preserves frontal sinus function while permitting direct access to the frontal sinus. In this study, we demonstrate a combined nonobliterated approach, accessing the frontal sinus with a Draf III approach to remove a large frontal sinus osteoma...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Mohamad R Chaaban, Nikunj Rana, Jacques Baillargeon, Gwen Baillargeon, Vicente Resto, Yong-Fang Kuo
Background Since the Food and Drug Administration approval of balloon sinuplasty (BSP) in 2005, no nationally representative population-based studies have examined the outcomes and adverse events of BSP. Objective To assess the rates of complications and revision surgery in patients who received BSP, functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), or a hybrid procedure. Methods Using one of the nation's largest commercial insurance databases, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of pediatric and adult patients diagnosed with chronic rhinosinusitis between 2011 and 2014 who underwent BSP, conventional FESS, or a hybrid procedure...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Ahmad K Abubaker, Mohannad A Al-Qudah
Background Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are among the most common unpleasant and distressing adverse events following surgery under general anesthesia. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is a common otolaryngology procedure. Prevention of PONV and early recovery are cost-effective. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the prophylactic effect of bilateral endoscopic injection of lidocaine with epinephrine in the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) on PONV in patients undergoing FESS...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Eva Pamias-Portalatin, Deependra Mahato, Jordina Rincon-Torroella, Tito Vivas-Buitrago, Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa, Kofi O Boahene
Clival lesions are still considered surgically complex due to their anatomical location. Critical structures, such as the internal carotid arteries (ICAs), cavernous sinuses, cranial nerves, and brainstem, may be encased within the lesion. Although advances in endoscopic endonasal approaches have provided new routes to these lesions, exposure and resection of clival tumors through the endonasal route remain a technical challenge. Here, the authors report a left-sided endoscopic transmaxillary approach to access the right aspect of the clivus and the hypoglossal canal...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Adem Emre Ilhan, Yusuf Muhammed Durna, Ahmet Mahmut Tekin, Fahrettin Yilmaz, Yetkin Zeki Yilmaz
AIM: To examine the effect of the piezoelectric application used increasingly for osteotomy and correction of nasal dorsum in septorhinoplasty surgeries on early auditory functions. METHODS: Our study was conducted after the decision of 10840098-604.01.01-E.9057 taken from Istanbul Medipol University Clinical Research Local Ethics Committee. This study was designed to be prospective, randomized and controlled. Twenty patients between 18 and 50 years of age that piezoelectric technique was used in the study group and 10 patients in the same age range who underwent nasal surgery (endoscopic sinus surgery, septoplasty, lower concha radiofrequency and nasal valve surgery) for any reason in the control group were included in the study...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Toby O Steele, Amarbir Gill, Travis T Tollefson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Characterize indications, perioperative considerations, clinical outcomes and complications for concurrent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and rhinoplasty. RECENT FINDINGS: Chronic rhinosinusitis and septal deviation with or without inferior turbinate hypertrophy independently impair patient-reported quality of life. Guidelines implore surgeons to include endoscopy to accurately evaluate patient symptoms. Complication rates parallel those of either surgery (ESS and rhinoplasty) alone and are not increased when performed concurrently...
August 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Matti Penttilä
BACKGROUND: The ostiomeatal complex (OMC), comprising a small natural maxillary sinus ostium and narrow infundibulum, transmits the air diffusion into the antrum and mucociliary transport from the antrum, and is considered a key area in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Thin membranous anterior and posterior fontanelle areas below the OMC can rupture forming a perforation, accessory maxillary ostium (AMO), that increases antral airflow changing the anatomy and function of the sinus. The purpose of this study was to report the first case series of CRS patients who had undergone repair of fontanelle defects aiming to reconstruct normal structures...
June 8, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Ebrahim Karimi, Akbar Bayat, Mohammad Reza Ghahari, Sara Rahavi-Ezabadi, Mehrdad Jafari
Introduction: The major presenting symptom of nasal polyps is nasal obstruction. The role of nasal obstruction in the genesis of laryngeal disorders is still unknown. Materials and Methods: The aim of this study was to evaluate laryngeal videostroboscopic changes after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in patients with nasal polyposis. A longitudinal study was carried out from March 2012 to June 2013. Thirty patients with bilateral nasal polyposis who did not respond to maximum medical treatment and were candidates for FESS were recruited...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Y J Chen, X B Chai
Chronic rhinosinusitis with or without nasal polyps mainly uses combination of medications represented by nasal glucocorticoids and functional sinus endoscopic surgery (FESS) and comprehensive treatment with antibiotics. The effect of oral antibiotics for CRS exacerbations on the microbial resistance rate in the population has not yet been fully assessed, but may be significant, and glucocorticoid-resistant CRS has also emerged. CRSwNP associated with complications of asthma is considered a more serious condition...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Rokas Aukštakalnis, Rūta Simonavičiūtė, Regimantas Simuntis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the main treatment options for odontogenic sinusitis that are used today. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Search on PubMed, Cochrane Library, PMC, Science Direct data bases. For a literature review search keywords were used: odontogenic sinusitis, odontogenic maxillary sinusitis treatment OR diagnosis, maxillary sinusitis of dental source OR dental origin OR etiology. RESULTS: 2886 articles were found in the databases using keywords...
2018: Stomatologija
M Zhang, J T Wang, D W Wu, L P Tan
Objective: We sought to compare clinical characteristics between eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and asthma, and explored the association of chronic rhinosinusitis inflammation subtypewith bronchial inflammation phenotype in CRSwNP with asthma. Method: Fifty-one consecutive patients suffering from CRSwNP with asthma undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) were recruited. Preoperative computed tomography (CT), skin-prick test, bronchial provocation test, lung function, and oral fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) measurements were conducted...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Y W Xu, Y C Li, H Z Wei, Y N Zheng, C H Hu, S He
Objective: At different times and cultural background,people have different definition of beauty.With the improvement of economic level and culture quality,people are becoming more and more recognition of nasal appearance and function are equally important.Even the importance of the function of the nasal is higher than the importance of shape of the nose. Concurrent rhinoplasty (nasal dorsum and lateral nasal wall reduction) and functional sinus surgery (nasal septum reconstructory, middle turbinate,inferior turbinate surgery even extended to the nasal cavity expansion tecunhnique, sinusitis surgery) with endoscopic surgical surgical methods were discussed...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
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