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Distributed medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514230/causes-of-death-of-residents-in-acgme-accredited-programs-2000-through-2014-implications-for-the-learning-environment
#1
Nicholas A Yaghmour, Timothy P Brigham, Thomas Richter, Rebecca S Miller, Ingrid Philibert, DeWitt C Baldwin, Thomas J Nasca
PURPOSE: To systematically study the number of U.S. resident deaths from all causes, including suicide. METHOD: The more than 9,900 programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) annually report the status of residents. The authors aggregated ACGME data on 381,614 residents in training during years 2000 through 2014. Names of residents reported as deceased were submitted to the National Death Index to learn causes of death...
May 9, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511205/-stability-and-change-of-medical-specialty-of-residents-over-four-years-of-postgraduate-training-in-germany
#2
Hendrik van den Bussche, Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Aim We analyzed medical residents' preferences in Germany with regard to the specialization fields after 4 years of postgraduate training and compared them to their preferences in the years before, e. g. at the end of undergraduate education in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods The study is based on annual postal surveys of students of 7 medical faculties in Germany from their last year of medical school ("Practical Year") until after 4 years of postgraduate training...
May 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509319/investigation-of-cesarean-sections-at-konya-training-and-research-hospital-obstetrics-and-gynecology-department-between-2010-and-2015
#3
Zeynep Ozturk Inal, Hasan Ali Inal, Hasan Kucukkendirci, Ayla Sargin Oruc
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the annual distribution of cesarean sections and indications between 2010 and 2015 in our clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of 10,437 cesarean section patients from a total number of 24,283 deliveries performed at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology between 2010-2015 were evaluated retrospectively. The indications for Cesarean section were analyzed and compared based on years. RESULTS: The lowest cesarean section rate was 18...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508741/caep-2016-academic-symposium-on-education-scholarship-training-our-future-clinician-educators-in-emergency-medicine
#4
Robert A Woods, Jennifer D Artz, Benoit Carrière, Simon Field, James Huffman, Sandy L Dong, Farhan Bhanji, Stella Yiu, Sheila Smith, Rose Mengual, Chris Hicks, Jason Frank
OBJECTIVE: To develop consensus recommendations for training future clinician educators (CEs) in emergency medicine (EM). METHODS: A panel of EM education leaders was assembled from across Canada and met regularly by teleconference over the course of 1 year. Recommendations for CE training were drafted based on the panel's experience, a literature review, and a survey of current and past EM education leaders in Canada. Feedback was sought from attendees at the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians (CAEP) annual academic symposium...
May 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503506/applicability-evaluation-of-job-standards-for-diabetes-nutritional-management-by-clinical-dietitian
#5
Young Jin Baek, Na Gyeong Oh, Cheong-Min Sohn, Mi-Hye Woo, Seung Min Lee, Dal Lae Ju, Jung-Sook Seo
This study was conducted to evaluate applicability of job standards for diabetes nutrition management by hospital clinical dietitians. In order to promote the clinical nutrition services, it is necessary to present job standards of clinical dietitian and to actively apply these standardized tasks to the medical institution sites. The job standard of clinical dietitians for diabetic nutrition management was distributed to hospitals over 300 beds. Questionnaire was collected from 96 clinical dietitians of 40 tertiary hospitals, 47 general hospitals, and 9 hospitals...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498043/pain-and-pain-management-among-university-students-online-survey-and-web-based-education
#6
Mimi Mun Yee Tse, Angel Tang, Andrea Budnick, Shamay Sheung Mei Ng, Suey Shuk Yu Yeung
Pain is common among university students. Unrelieved pain has adverse impacts on their quality of life. In this study, a pain management Web site was developed to distribute an online survey and provide Web-based pain education to university students. Participants were recruited from eight universities in Hong Kong using snowball sampling. The online survey included 37 items examining pain situations, pain management strategies, knowledge about self-medication, and demographic data of the participants. A total of 387 students participated and over 90 percent of them reported pain in the past 6 months...
May 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498026/the-development-of-palliative-care-in-argentina-a-mapping-study-using-latin-american-association-for-palliative-care-indicators
#7
Rosa Mertnoff, Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Mariana Jacobs, Xavier Gómez-Batiste
BACKGROUND: The Latin American Association for Palliative Care (ALCP) developed 10 indicators to monitor the development of palliative care. The indicators have been applied across Latin American countries but have not been used internally. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to document the development of palliative care in Argentina at the national and provincial levels by using a selection of the indicators developed by the ALCP and identify the difficulties and needs of healthcare professionals working in palliative care...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493140/-health-disorders-and-their-prevalence-in-two-primary-care-practices-from-the-perspective-of-different-coding
#8
Waltraud Fink, Otto Kasper, Gustav Kamenski
Family practices provide medical care for the majority of health problems. This already highlights the importance of primary health care with respect to quantity. A detailed five-year survey of cases in two rural practices gives insight into everyday practice. During the whole period of this year's prevalence survey, 24,541 or 32,605 episodes of care were recorded in a mean practice population of 1500 or 1700 persons, respectively. The frequency rates of more than 500 different health problems show a typical Pareto distribution...
May 10, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491126/developing-obstetric-medicine-training-in-latin-america
#9
José Rojas-Suarez, Niza Suarez, Oier Ateka-Barrutia
Maternal mortality is an important indicator of health in populations around the world. The distribution of maternal mortality ratio globally shows that middle- and low-income countries have ∼99% of the mortality burden. Most countries of Latin America are considered to be middle- or low-income countries, as well as areas of major inequities among the different social classes. Medical problems in pregnancy remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality in this region. Previous data indicate the need for a call to action for adequate diagnosis and care of medical diseases in obstetric care...
March 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488981/a-survey-of-parents-with-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-experience-with-services-and-treatments
#10
Tracy A Becerra, Maria L Massolo, Vincent M Yau, Ashli A Owen-Smith, Frances L Lynch, Phillip M Crawford, Kathryn A Pearson, Magdalena E Pomichowski, Virginia P Quinn, Cathleen K Yoshida, Lisa A Croen
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders, and little is known about how parents address the health and psychosocial consequences of ASD. Few studies have examined use of various treatments and services in a large, diverse sample of children with ASD and their families. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents methods to create an autism research resource across multiple large health delivery systems and describes services and treatments used by children with ASD and their families...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488294/medical-undergraduate-survey-on-headache-education-in-singapore-knowledge-perceptions-and-assessment-of-unmet-needs
#11
Jonathan Jia Yuan Ong, Yee Cheun Chan
BACKGROUND: There have been no prior studies assessing the status of undergraduate headache training and education in Singapore. Unmet needs of undergraduate medical students in terms of knowledge-practice gaps pertaining to diagnosis and management of headache disorders are unknown. The possible underemphasis of this aspect of the curriculum as compared to other chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus has also not been ascertained. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to assess the knowledge base and perceptions, thereby identifying the unmet needs of headache disorder education in undergraduate medical students...
May 9, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486511/open-sharing-of-genomic-data-who-does-it-and-why
#12
Tobias Haeusermann, Bastian Greshake, Alessandro Blasimme, Darja Irdam, Martin Richards, Effy Vayena
We explored the characteristics and motivations of people who, having obtained their genetic or genomic data from Direct-To-Consumer genetic testing (DTC-GT) companies, voluntarily decide to share them on the publicly accessible web platform openSNP. The study is the first attempt to describe open data sharing activities undertaken by individuals without institutional oversight. In the paper we provide a detailed overview of the distribution of the demographic characteristics and motivations of people engaged in genetic or genomic open data sharing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486076/medical-providers-knowledge-and-concerns-about-opioid-overdose-education-and-take-home-naloxone-rescue-kits-within-veterans-affairs-health-care-medical-treatment-settings
#13
Rachel P Winograd, Corey S Davis, Maria Niculete, Elizabeth Oliva, Richard P Martielli
BACKGROUND: Overdose from opioids is a serious public health and clinical concern. Veterans are at increased risk for opioid overdose compared with the civilian population, suggesting the need for enhanced efforts to address overdose prevention in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care settings, such as primary care clinics. METHODS: Prescribing providers (N = 45) completed surveys on baseline knowledge and concerns about the VA Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution (OEND) initiative prior to attending an OEND educational training...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485058/survey-of-practices-around-pharmaceutical-company-funding-for-continuing-professional-development-among-medical-oncologists-and-trainees-in-australia
#14
Yeh Chen Lee, René Kroon, Bogda Koczwara, Ian Haines, Kay Francis, Michael Millward, Richard Kefford, Ian Olver, Linda Mileshkin
BACKGROUND: Completion of continuing professional development (CPD) is mandatory for Medical Oncologists and Trainees (MO&T). Pharmaceutical companies may fund some CPD activities, but there is increasing debate about the potential for conflicts of interest (COI). AIM: We aimed to assess current practices around funding to attend CPD activities. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to Australian MO&T. The survey asked questions about current practices, institutional policies and perceptions about attending CPD funded by pharmaceutical companies...
May 9, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483440/have-we-come-as-far-as-we-had-hoped-discrimination-in-the-residency-interview
#15
Kara Hessel, Peter DiPasco, Lyndsey Kilgore, Casey Shelley, Alvin Perry, Jamie Wagner
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to use a pilot survey of fourth-year medical students at our institution to determine if female residency applicants were asked potentially illegal questions regarding family status and childbearing more frequently than male applicants. Secondary objectives included comparing the use of potentially illegal questions in surgical versus nonsurgical specialties and between community and academic residency programs. DESIGN: A 20-item questionnaire was distributed to all fourth-year medical students at the University of Kansas School of Medicine...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481135/current-state-of-interprofessional-education-in-canadian-medical-schools-findings-from-a-national-survey
#16
Peng You, Nauman Malik, Grace Scott, Kevin Fung
Interprofessional education (IPE) is being increasingly recognised and prioritised in undergraduate medical education. While efforts are underway to integrate IPE into health professional curricula across Canada, the state of IPE in Canadian medical schools remains unclear. This study aims to assess the current practice of IPE in Canadian undergraduate medical curricula. An online survey was distributed to IPE directors (or designees) of all Canadian medical schools. The survey gathered details of the IPE experiences offered, curriculum structure, and perceived barriers to the programmes...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479968/self-reported-factors-associated-with-engagement-in-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-among-elderly-people-a-population-based-study
#17
Ramin Shiraly, Zahra Shayan, Vahid Keshtkar, Mehdi Hamed
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) typically decreases with aging, especially of moderate to vigorous level, and this change affects health outcomes of older adults. Age-related decline is not evenly distributed across elderly population and is attributed to psychosocial, physical, and environmental determinants. METHODS: We selected a sample of 1000 elderly people from urban parts of Shiraz in Southern Iran with a two-stage random sampling procedure. Self-reported PA data and correlates of moderate to vigorous activity were collected by interview with the respondents from selected households...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479963/the-association-between-birthdays-and-medical-emergencies
#18
Harish Kurup, Chika Edward Uzoigwe
BACKGROUND: Not many studies have examined the risk of emergency medical attendance during stressful life events or special days such as birthdays. This study looked at whether patients had a higher than normal chance of attending the emergency departments around their birthdays compared to the rest of the year. METHODS: Patient attendance data were collected from our accident and emergency department from April 2013 to March 2014. The birthday of individual patients was matched with their date of attendance to find out the number of patients attending emergency department on and around their birthdays...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471816/organ-support-after-death-by-neurologic-criteria-in-pediatric-patients
#19
Ariane Lewis, Nellie Adams, Arun Chopra, Matthew P Kirschen
OBJECTIVES: We sought to 1) evaluate how pediatricians approach situations in which families request continuation of organ support after declaration of death by neurologic criteria and 2) explore potential interventions to make these situations less challenging. DESIGN: A survey on management and personal experience with death by neurologic criteria was distributed electronically to pediatric intensivists and neurologists. We compared responses from individuals who practice in states with accommodation exceptions (accommodation states where religious or moral beliefs must be taken into consideration when declaring death: California, Illinois, New Jersey, New York) to those from non-accommodation states...
April 29, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470557/development-of-a-canadian-deceased-donation-education-program-for-health-professionals-a-needs-assessment-survey
#20
Jennifer Hancock, Sam D Shemie, Ken Lotherington, Amber Appleby, Richard Hall
PURPOSE: The purpose of this survey was to determine how Canadian healthcare professionals perceive their deficiencies and educational requirements related to organ and tissue donation. METHODS: We surveyed 641 intensive care unit (ICU) physicians, 1,349 ICU nurses, 1,561 emergency room (ER) physicians, and 1,873 ER nurses. The survey was distributed by the national organization for each profession (the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians, the Canadian Association of Critical Care Nurses, and the National Emergency Nurses Association)...
May 3, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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