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Distributed medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767217/assessing-mentorship-experiences-of-faculty-at-a-military-academic-center-challenge-and-opportunity
#1
Kevin C McMains, Rechell G Rodriguez, Jennifer Peel, Heather C Yun, Mark W True, Woodson S Jones
OBJECTIVES: Mentor relationships are a key component of professional development within academic medicine. To date, there are no investigations into the prevalence and effects of mentor relationships within military academic medicine. This quality improvement initiative aimed to establish the prevalence and effects of mentorship, including whether sex differences exist among faculty at a military academic center, the San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, and identify opportunities to improve faculty development efforts for mentorship to benefit faculty at this institution...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764414/patient-awareness-knowledge-towards-oral-cancer-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Neel Shimpi, Monica Jethwani, Aditi Bharatkumar, Po-Huang Chyou, Ingrid Glurich, Amit Acharya
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer (OC) is associated with multiple risk factors and high mortality rates and substantially contributes to the global cancer burden despite being highly preventable. This cross-sectional study sought to assess current knowledge, awareness, and behaviors of patients in rural communities surrounding OC risk. METHODS: An anonymous 21-question survey was distributed to patients in waiting rooms of a large integrated medical-dental health system serving north-central Wisconsin...
May 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760862/free-open-access-medical-education-foam-in-emergency-medicine-the-global-distribution-of-users-in-2016
#3
Taylor W Burkholder, Jennifer W Bellows, Renee A King
Introduction: Free open-access medical education (FOAM) is a collection of interactive online medical education resources-free and accessible to students, physicians and other learners. This novel approach to medical education has the potential to reach learners across the globe; however, the extent of its global uptake is unknown. Methods: This descriptive report evaluates the 2016 web analytics data from a convenience sample of FOAM blogs and websites with a focus on emergency medicine (EM) and critical care...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#4
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748942/knowledge-and-practice-characteristics-of-pharmacists-in-qatar-towards-medication-use-in-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Pallivalapilla Abdul Rouf, Binny Thomas, Wessam Elkassem, Asma Tarannum, Doua Al Saad, Mohammed M Gasim, Moza Al Hail
Background: Medication use during pregnancy is common. Pharmacists have an important role in improving medication use during pregnancy. There is a lack of empirical evidence on pharmacists' knowledge and practice characteristics towards medication use in pregnancy. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the knowledge and practice characteristics of pharmacists in Qatar about medicines use in pregnancy. Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted over a period of 6 months in 2010...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747937/timing-and-stability-of-fellowship-choices-during-pediatric-residency-a-longitudinal-survey
#6
Michelle L Macy, Laurel K Leslie, Debra Boyer, Keaton D Van, Gary L Freed
OBJECTIVES: To determine, among pediatric residents, the timing and stability of decisions to pursue fellowship training and select a specific subspecialty, which can be used to inform strategies to better match the distribution of pediatric subspecialist with the needs of children. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal survey administered with the General Pediatrics In-training Exam to pediatric residents in the US and Canada, 2010-2014. The study included residents who responded in each of their first 3 years of residency and indicated plans to enter fellowship or matriculated, 2013-2016, into 1 of the 14 medical subspecialty fellowships for which the American Board of Pediatrics grants a certificate...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744689/effectiveness-of-an-e-learning-platform-for-image-interpretation-education-of-medical-staff-and-students
#7
Akio Ogura, Norio Hayashi, Tohru Negishi, Haruyuki Watanabe
Medical staff must be able to perform accurate initial interpretations of radiography to prevent diagnostic errors. Education in medical image interpretation is an ongoing need that is addressed by text-based and e-learning platforms. The effectiveness of these methods has been previously reported. Here, we describe the effectiveness of an e-learning platform used for medical image interpretation education. Ten third-year medical students without previous experience in chest radiography interpretation were provided with e-learning instructions...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744047/cinemedicine-using-movies-to-improve-students-understanding-of-psychosocial-aspects-of-medicine
#8
Maliheh Kadivar, Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad, Javad Tavakkoly Bazzaz, Azim Mirzazadeh, Zeinab Jannat
Background: There are rising concerns about how to teach psychosocial aspects of medicine to students. The aim of the study was the use of "cinemedicine" as a tool and technique in teaching psychosocial aspects of medicine to medical students at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). Methods: This was an educational study with quantitative and qualitative data analysis. Two hundred seventy medical students participated in this study. Nine sessions were held to teach psychosocial subjects in medicine using movies...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743156/evaluating-the-impact-of-a-web-based-risk-assessment-system-caresage-and-tailored-interventions-on-health-care-utilization-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Ramya Sita Palacholla, Nils C Fischer, Stephen Agboola, Mariana Nikolova-Simons, Sharon Odametey, Sara Bersche Golas, Jorn Op den Buijs, Linda Schertzer, Joseph Kvedar, Kamal Jethwani
BACKGROUND: Soaring health care costs and a rapidly aging population, with multiple comorbidities, necessitates the development of innovative strategies to deliver high-quality, value-based care. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to evaluate the impact of a risk assessment system (CareSage) and targeted interventions on health care utilization. METHODS: This is a two-arm randomized controlled trial recruiting 370 participants from a pool of high-risk patients receiving care at a home health agency...
May 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740734/syringe-decriminalization-advocacy-in-red-states-lessons-from-the-north-carolina-harm-reduction-coalition
#10
REVIEW
David H Cloud, Tessie Castillo, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Manisha Dubey, Robert Childs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Syringe access programs (SAPs) are cornerstone harm reduction interventions for combatting the national opioid epidemic. The goal of this paper is to describe effective advocacy strategies for enacting syringe decriminalization legislation to foster the expansion of SAPs in high-need areas amidst political opposition. RECENT FINDINGS: Decades or research shows that SAPs prevent the transmission of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID) and are a cost-effective tool for linking PWID to medical care, health education, and social services...
May 8, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735615/facilitators-and-barriers-to-naloxone-kit-use-among-opioid-dependent-patients-enrolled-in-medication-assisted-therapy-clinics-in-north-carolina
#11
Prasana Khatiwoda, Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell, Christina S Meade, Lawrence P Park, Scott Proescholdbell
BACKGROUND Naloxone-an opioid antagonist that reverses the effects of opioids-is increasingly being distributed in non-medical settings. We sought to identify the facilitators of, and barriers to, opioid users using naloxone kits in North Carolina. METHODS In 2015, we administered a 15-item survey to a convenience sample of 100 treatment seekers at 4 methadone/buprenorphine Medication Assisted Therapy (MAT) clinics in North Carolina. RESULTS Seventy-four percent of participants reported having ever gotten a naloxone kit; this percentage was higher for females (81%) than males (63%) ( P = ...
May 2018: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731450/are-alexithymia-and-empathy-predicting-factors-of-the-resilience-of-medical-residents-in-france
#12
Audrey Morice-Ramat, Lionel Goronflot, Gilles Guihard
Objectives: To explore resilience, resilience predicting factors and resilience distribution in French medical residents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which general practice residents (n = 380) were asked to answer the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale. One hundred thirty-seven (137) responses were collected. The scores of the different scales have been calculated. The score differences were examined using the Student's t-test or analysis of variance...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730960/partial-adoption-of-minimal-core-curriculum-in-undergraduate-teaching-of-family-medicine-a-cross-sectional-study-among-central-and-south-eastern-european-medical-schools
#13
Irena Zakarija-Grković, Venija Cerovečki, Davorka Vrdoljak
BACKGROUND: In 2011, Tandeter et al. published a list of 15 themes, based on a Delphi survey among representatives of the European Academy of Teachers in General Practice and Family Medicine (EURACT), and suggested this be the 'minimal core curriculum' (MCC) for undergraduate education in family medicine. OBJECTIVES: To determine: (1) if medical schools in the former Yugoslavia region are familiar with the MCC; and (2) to what degree it is being taught to medical students...
December 2018: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727320/creating-a-quality-improvement-course-for-undergraduate-medical-education-practice-what-you-teach
#14
Tamala S Bradham, Kelly C Sponsler, Scott C Watkins, Jesse M Ehrenfeld
PROBLEM: More than half of U.S. medical schools have implemented curricula addressing quality improvement (QI); however, the evidence on which pedagogical methods are most effective is limited. APPROACH: As of January 2015, students at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine are required to take a QI course consisting of three 1-month-long (4 hours per week) blocks during their third or fourth year, in which student-identified faculty sponsors are paired with highly trained QI professionals from Vanderbilt University Medical Center...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727318/using-assessment-point-accumulation-as-a-guide-to-identify-students-at-risk-for-interrupted-academic-progress
#15
Juan C Cendán, Oloruntomi Joledo, Mary Beth Soborowicz, Leslie Marchand, Basma R Selim
PROBLEM: Interruptions in academic progress (IP) are problematic for both the student and the educational program. Early identification of students at risk for IP, so as to provide remediation, could be beneficial. APPROACH: Considering the clinically familiar pediatric growth curve as a metaphor, researchers hypothesized they could identify students at risk of IP. They organized course-related examination performance data for 518 students in five classes (2013-14 through 2017-18), adding students' percent scores cumulatively over time...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725960/towards-portable-large-scale-image-processing-with-high-performance-computing
#16
REVIEW
Yuankai Huo, Justin Blaber, Stephen M Damon, Brian D Boyd, Shunxing Bao, Prasanna Parvathaneni, Camilo Bermudez Noguera, Shikha Chaganti, Vishwesh Nath, Jasmine M Greer, Ilwoo Lyu, William R French, Allen T Newton, Baxter P Rogers, Bennett A Landman
High-throughput, large-scale medical image computing demands tight integration of high-performance computing (HPC) infrastructure for data storage, job distribution, and image processing. The Vanderbilt University Institute for Imaging Science (VUIIS) Center for Computational Imaging (CCI) has constructed a large-scale image storage and processing infrastructure that is composed of (1) a large-scale image database using the eXtensible Neuroimaging Archive Toolkit (XNAT), (2) a content-aware job scheduling platform using the Distributed Automation for XNAT pipeline automation tool (DAX), and (3) a wide variety of encapsulated image processing pipelines called "spiders...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720496/children-in-disadvantaged-neighbourhoods-have-more-out-of-hospital-emergencies-a-population-based-study
#17
Heli Salmi, Markku Kuisma, Eero Rahiala, Mitja Lääperi, Heini Harve-Rytsälä
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to study whether the socioeconomic status of a neighbourhood can predict the incidence of paediatric out-of-hospital emergencies. METHODS: We conducted a population-based prospective study with all paediatric (0-15 years) out-of-hospital emergencies in Helsinki, Finland, in 2012-2013. We compared the geographical distribution of the emergencies in the paediatric population with those of mean income, unemployment level and educational level...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717531/stress-predictors-in-two-asian-dental-schools-with-an-integrated-curriculum-and-traditional-curriculum
#18
T T T Nguyen, N Seki, I Morio
INTRODUCTION: This study explored stress predictors and the role of instructional methods and institutional differences in perceived stress levels amongst students at two Asian dental schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to undergraduate dental students at Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Japan and the University of Medicine and Pharmacy (UMP), Hochiminh City, Vietnam in 2016. Data concerning the students' demographic information and grades, and responses to the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and Dental Environment Stress questionnaire (DES) were collected...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713207/knowledge-and-practice-of-parents-and-guardians-about-childhood-asthma-at-king-abdulaziz-medical-city-for-national-guard-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#19
Eman AlOtaibi, Mohammed AlAteeq
Background: Family management of asthmatic children is affected by several factors, primarily the parent's knowledge and attitude toward asthma. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge and practice of parents and guardians about asthma in their children. Methods: Two hundred and thirty-one self-administered questionnaires were distributed to parents and guardians attending, with their children, general pediatric and pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinics at King Abdullah Specialist Children's Hospital, King Abdulaziz Medical City for National Guard, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the period from August 2016 to March 2017...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708218/stroke-code-simulation-benefits-advanced-practice-providers-similar-to-neurology-residents
#20
Muhib Khan, Grayson L Baird, Theresa Price, Tricia Tubergen, Omran Kaskar, Michelle De Jesus, Joseph Zachariah, Adam Oostema, Raymond Scurek, Robert R Coleman, Wendy Sherman, Cynthia Hingtgen, Tamer Abdelhak, Brien Smith, Brian Silver
Background: Advanced practice providers (APPs) are important members of stroke teams. Stroke code simulations offer valuable experience in the evaluation and treatment of stroke patients without compromising patient care. We hypothesized that simulation training would increase APP confidence, comfort level, and preparedness in leading a stroke code similar to neurology residents. Methods: This is a prospective quasi-experimental, pretest/posttest study. Nine APPs and 9 neurology residents participated in 3 standardized simulated cases to determine need for IV thrombolysis, thrombectomy, and blood pressure management for intracerebral hemorrhage...
April 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
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