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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336507/planking-or-the-lying-down-game-two-case-reports
#1
Stefania Barbieri, Paolo Feltracco, Luca Omizzolo, Rossella Snenghi, Rafi El Mazloum, Gianna Vettore, Mauro Bergamini, Armando Stefanati, Daniele Donato, Cecilia Ferronato, Francesco Maria Avato, Alberto Tredese, Rosa Maria Gaudio
BACKGROUND: The monitoring and management of risks regarding children and young people admitted to the emergency department as a result of dangerous behaviors distributed via the Internet should be based on clinical reasoning and knowledge about these social media-related phenomena. Here we examine 2 cases of teenagers who reported severe injuries while performing the "planking" craze, a challenge that consists in lying face-down stiffly like a board on any kind of surface. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to examine and describe the Internet craze called planking, also known as the "lying-down game," through 2 case reports from our experience, enriching this study with information gained through discussions with secondary school teenagers...
March 23, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329134/dynapenic-abdominal-obesity-as-a-predictor-of-worsening-disability-hospitalization-and-mortality-in-older-adults-results-from-the-inchianti-study
#2
Andrea P Rossi, Lara Bianchi, Stefano Volpato, Stefania Bandinelli, Jack Guralnik, Mauro Zamboni, Luigi Ferrucci
Background: There are relatively few prospective studies evaluating the combined effect of abdominal obesity and low muscle strength on mortality, hospitalization, and incident disability. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the prognostic value of dynapenic abdominal obesity on incident disability, hospitalization, and mortality in the population of the InCHIANTI study. Methods: In 370 men and 476 women aged between 65 and 95 years, handgrip strength, waist circumference (WC), body mass index, interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, education, medications, smoking status, and comorbidities were evaluated at the baseline...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328564/variation-in-national-acgme-case-log-data-for-pediatric-orthopaedic-fellowships-are-fellow-coding-practices-responsible
#3
Philip K McClure, Marcella Woiczik, Lori Karol, Wudbhav N Sankar
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the 80-hour work week for Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) accredited fellowship programs initiated many efforts to optimize surgical training. One particular area of interest is on recording and tracking surgical experiences. The current standard is logging cases based on Current Procedural Terminology codes, which are primarily designed for billing. Proposed guidelines from the ACGME regarding logging exist, but their implementation is unknown, as is the variation in case volume across fellowship programs...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316314/choosing-surgery-identifying-factors-leading-to-increased-general-surgery-matriculation-rate
#4
David T Pointer, Matthew D Freeman, James R Korndorffer, Peter C Meade, Bernard M Jaffe, Douglas P Slakey
Tulane graduates have, over the past six years, chosen general surgical residency at a rate above the national average (mean 9.6% vs 6.6%). With much of the recent career choice research focusing on disincentives and declining general surgery applicants, we sought to identify factors that positively influenced our students' decision to pursue general surgery. A 50-question survey was developed and distributed to graduates who matched into a general surgery between the years 2006 and 2014. The survey evaluated demographics, exposure to surgery, and factors affecting interest in a surgical career...
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300046/final-year-nursing-students-in-nigeria-how-knowledgeable-and-prepared-are-they-to-offer-medical-care-to-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Chimezie Godswill Okwuonu, Hannah Sylvanus Kanu, Ojeh-Oziegbe Odigie
BACKGROUND: Nurses play an important role in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients at primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of care. In other to perform their functions, it is pertinent that they have a good understanding of kidney functions and CKD. We do not know if the current educational curriculum prepares them adequately for this role. AIM: To assess the knowledge level of kidney functions and diseases among final year nursing students in Abia State Nigeria...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299971/addressing-excess-risk-of-overdose-among-recently-incarcerated-people-in-the-usa-harm-reduction-interventions-in-correctional-settings
#6
Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, David H Cloud, Chelsea Davis, Nickolas Zaller, Ayesha Delany-Brumsey, Leah Pope, Sarah Martino, Benjamin Bouvier, Josiah Rich
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss overdose among those with criminal justice experience and recommend harm reduction strategies to lessen overdose risk among this vulnerable population. Design/methodology/approach Strategies are needed to reduce overdose deaths among those with recent incarceration. Jails and prisons are at the epicenter of the opioid epidemic but are a largely untapped setting for implementing overdose education, risk assessment, medication assisted treatment, and naloxone distribution programs...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298965/radiology-education-in-europe-analysis-of-results-from-22-european-countries
#7
Bhavya Rehani, Yi C Zhang, Madan M Rehani, András Palkó, Lawrence Lau, Miriam N Mikhail Lette, William P Dillon
AIM: To assess the state of radiology education across Europe by means of a survey study. METHODS: A comprehensive 23-item radiology survey was distributed via email to the International Society of Radiology members, national radiological societies, radiologists and medical physicists. Reminders to complete the survey were sent and the results were analyzed over a period of 4 mo (January-April 2016). Survey questions include length of medical school and residency training; availability of fellowship and subspecialty training; number of residency programs in each country; accreditation pathways; research training; and medical physics education...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293676/how-much-gk-is-in-the-nklm-a-comparison-between-the-catalogues-of-exam-relevant-topics-gk-and-the-german-national-competence-based-learning-objectives-catalogue-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm
#8
Olaf Fritze, Jan Griewatz, Elisabeth Narciß, Thomas Shiozawa, Annette Wosnik, Stephan Zipfel, Maria Lammerding-Koeppel
Background: The German National Competence-Based Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) being adopted in 2015 is designed to contribute to improve the quality of teaching and learning in medicine with respect to competence orientation. For departments, the coherence between teaching, assessment and the content of the catalogues of exam-relevant topics (GK) is a crucial factor. Before making use of the NKLM seriously in curricular development, many faculties demand more transparency regarding the representation in the NKLM of GK topics and in what aspects the NKLM exceeds the GK...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293670/evaluation-of-the-current-status-of-rehabilitation-physical-medicine-and-naturopathy-education-10-years-after-the-reform-of-the-medical-licensure-act-a-nationwide-survey-of-german-medical-universities
#9
Beate Stock-Schröer, Roman Huber, Stefanie Joos, Petra Klose
Introduction: After the reform of the German Medical Licensure Act of 2003, Rehabilitation, Naturopathy and Physical Medicine were integrated into one discipline to be taught in Medical University. The aim of this survey is to determine the outcome of this change by evaluating the current status of education of these three disciplines based on the experience and satisfaction reported by lecturers responsible for teaching these subjects to medical students. Methods: A questionnaire-based survey. A paper version of the questionnaire for each discipline was posted to each Medical University in Germany...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292505/unintentional-methadone-and-buprenorphine-exposures-in-children-developing-prevention-messages
#10
Lauren Schwartz, Maria Mercurio-Zappala, Mary Ann Howland, Robert S Hoffman, Mark K Su
OBJECTIVES: To develop key messages for methadone and buprenorphine safety education material based on an analysis of calls to the NYC Poison Control Center (NYC PCC) and designed for distribution to caregivers of young children. METHODS: Retrospective review of all calls for children 5 years of age and younger involving methadone or buprenorphine from January 1, 2000, to June 15, 2014. A data abstraction form was completed for each case to capture patient demographics, exposure and caller sites, caller relation to patient, qualitative information regarding the exposure scenario, the product information, if naloxone was given, and the medical outcome of the case...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292502/opioid-overdose-education-and-naloxone-distribution-development-of-the-veterans-health-administration-s-national-program
#11
Elizabeth M Oliva, Melissa L D Christopher, Daina Wells, Mark Bounthavong, Michael Harvey, Julianne Himstreet, Thomas Emmendorfer, Michael Valentino, Mariano Franchi, Francine Goodman, Jodie A Trafton
OBJECTIVES: To prevent opioid-related mortality, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) developed a national Opioid Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution (OEND) program. SETTING: VHA's OEND program sought national implementation of OEND across all medical facilities (n = 142). PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: This paper describes VHA's efforts to facilitate nationwide health care system-based OEND implementation, including the critical roles of VHA's national pharmacy services and academic detailing services...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288668/survival-analysis-to-measure-turnover-of-the-medical-education-workforce-in-ethiopia
#12
Tsion Assefa, Damen Haile Mariam, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Miliard Derbew
BACKGROUND: Until recently, there were only a few medical schools in Ethiopia. However, currently, in response to the apparent shortage in physician workforce, the country has made huge progress with respect to the expansion of medical schools, by adopting the so-called flooding strategy. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of the intended strategy also relies on physician accessibility and turnover. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the distribution of physicians in the medical schools of Ethiopia and to quantify the magnitude and identify factors associated with physician turnover...
March 14, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282304/the-digital-drag-and-drop-pillbox-design-and-feasibility-of-a-skill-based-education-model-to-improve-medication-management
#13
Bradi B Granger, Susan C Locke, Margaret Bowers, Tenita Sawyer, Howard Shang, Amy P Abernethy, Richard A Bloomfield, Catherine L Gilliss
OBJECTIVE: We present the design and feasibility testing for the "Digital Drag and Drop Pillbox" (D-3 Pillbox), a skill-based educational approach that engages patients and providers, measures performance, and generates reports of medication management skills. METHODS: A single-cohort convenience sample of patients hospitalized with heart failure was taught pill management skills using a tablet-based D-3 Pillbox. Medication reconciliation was conducted, and aptitude, performance (% completed), accuracy (% correct), and feasibility were measured...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275976/healthy-eating-for-life-english-as-a-second-language-curriculum-applying-the-re-aim-framework-to-evaluate-a-nutrition-education-intervention-targeting-cancer-risk-reduction
#14
J L Martinez, L R Duncan, S E Rivers, M C Bertoli, A E Latimer-Cheung, P Salovey
Medically underserved US immigrants are at an increased risk for death from preventable or curable cancers due to economic, cultural, and/or linguistic barriers to medical care. The purpose of this study was to describe the evaluation of the pilot study of the Healthy Eating for Life (HE4L) English as a second language curriculum. The Reach, Effectiveness Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance (RE-AIM) model was used to design a mixed-methods approach to the evaluation of the HE4L curriculum. Successful implementation was dependent upon enthusiastic teacher and manager support of the curriculum, teachers' ability to flexibly apply the curriculum to meet student needs, and researcher provision of curriculum workbooks...
March 8, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275426/child-maltreatment-between-knowledge-attitude-and-beliefs-among-saudi-pediatricians-pediatric-residency-trainees-and-medical-students
#15
Yossef Alnasser, Amani Albijadi, Waad Abdullah, Dana Aldabeeb, Alanoud Alomair, Sara Alsaddiqi, Yara Alsalloum
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is not included in Saudi medical schools and pediatric residency curriculums, which might limit knowledge and spread misconceptions. Additionally, physicians might have different attitudes regarding reporting child abuse and neglect. In this study, we hypothesize that medical students and pediatric trainees have limited knowledge, oblivious attitude and misbeliefs regarding child maltreatment in comparison to experienced pediatricians. But, medical students and trainees might hold higher motives and willingness to learn about child maltreatment and their consequences...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274905/a-learning-health-care-system-using-computer-aided-diagnosis
#16
Amos Cahan, James J Cimino
Physicians intuitively apply pattern recognition when evaluating a patient. Rational diagnosis making requires that clinical patterns be put in the context of disease prior probability, yet physicians often exhibit flawed probabilistic reasoning. Difficulties in making a diagnosis are reflected in the high rates of deadly and costly diagnostic errors. Introduced 6 decades ago, computerized diagnosis support systems are still not widely used by internists. These systems cannot efficiently recognize patterns and are unable to consider the base rate of potential diagnoses...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272194/validations-and-psychological-properties-of-a-simplified-chinese-version-of-pain-anxiety-symptoms-scale-sc-pass
#17
Xiao-Yi Zhou, Xi-Ming Xu, Fei Wang, Sui-Yi Wu, Yi-Lin Yang, Ming Li, Jian-Ming Huang, Xian-Zhao Wei
The Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS) has been developed to evaluate pain anxiety, which leads to avoidance of daily activities and normal movements. However, a simplified Chinese version of PASS is still not available. Physicians are not aware of which patients are prone to anxiety, and what the risk factors are.To cross-culturally adapt the PASS into a simplified Chinese version and test the reliability and validity. Factors affecting pain anxiety were also explored.The PASS was first translated into a simplified Chinese version according to a forward-backward method...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264668/implementing-and-sustaining-a-mobile-medical-clinic-for-prenatal-care-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-in-rural-mysore-india
#18
Noah Kojima, Karl Krupp, Kavitha Ravi, Savitha Gowda, Poornima Jaykrishna, Caitlyn Leonardson-Placek, Anand Siddhaiah, Claire C Bristow, Anjali Arun, Jeffrey D Klausner, Purnima Madhivanan
BACKGROUND: In rural India, mobile medical clinics are useful models for delivering health promotion, education, and care. Mobile medical clinics use fewer providers for larger catchment areas compared to traditional clinic models in resource limited settings, which is especially useful in areas with shortages of healthcare providers and a wide geographical distribution of patients. METHODS: From 2008 to 2011, we built infrastructure to implement a mobile clinic system to educate rural communities about maternal child health, train community health workers in common safe birthing procedures, and provide comprehensive antenatal care, prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and testing for specific infections in a large rural catchment area of pregnant women in rural Mysore...
March 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255637/involuntary-processes-knowledge-base-of-health-care-professionals-in-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-upstate-south-carolina
#19
Sharon M Holder, Calvert Warren, Kenneth Rogers, Benjamin Griffeth, Eunice Peterson, Dawn Blackhurst, Christian Ochonma
The involuntary hospitalization law provides a means by which love ones, caregivers and healthcare professionals can intervene when a mentally ill patient is a danger to self or others. Our study assessed the knowledge of professionals in one of the Greenville Health System (GHS) emergency department (ED) about the involuntary hospitalization process of mental health patients in South Carolina (SC). An eight item survey on the South Carolina involuntary hospitalization and commitment process was developed and distributed to GHS ED staff including: physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, social workers and technicians...
March 2, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251350/variables-associated-with-patient-reported-outcomes-in-persons-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-receiving-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-therapy
#20
Qian Jiang, Hai-Bo Wang, Lu Yu, Robert Peter Gale
PURPOSE: Explore patient-reported outcomes (PROs), including health-related quality of life (HRQoL), satisfaction with therapy, impact of the therapy on work and daily life, and concerns related to the therapy and identify variables associated with PROs in persons with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). METHODS: Across-sectional questionnaire was distributed to adults with chronic phase CML and answered anonymously. SF-36 Health Survey was used to measure HRQoL...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
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