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Distributed medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428332/education-in-nephrology-fellowship-a-survey-based-needs-assessment
#1
Robert W Rope, Kurtis A Pivert, Mark G Parker, Stephen M Sozio, Sylvia Bereknyei Merell
Educational needs assessments for nephrology fellowship training are limited. This study assessed fellows' perceptions of current educational needs and interest in novel modalities that may improve their educational experience and quantified educational resources used by programs and fellows. We distributed a seven-question electronic survey to all United States-based fellows receiving complimentary American Society of Nephrology (ASN) membership at the end of the 2015-2016 academic year in conjunction with the ASN Nephrology Fellows Survey...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#2
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421563/the-current-utilization-and-perceptions-of-prescription-drug-monitoring-programs-among-emergency-medicine-providers-in-florida
#3
Henry W Young, Joseph A Tyndall, Linda B Cottler
BACKGROUND: Pain is among the most commonly treated symptoms in the emergency department, and opioids are commonly prescribed from the emergency department to treat moderate to severe pain. Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMP) can be used to assist physicians identify individuals at increased risk to misuse or abuse opioids. While the use of the PDMP has been shown useful among clinicians, in the past, utilization of the PDMP has been less than optimal. The objective of this study was to assess the current utilization and perceptions of the prescription drug monitoring program among emergency medicine providers in Florida...
December 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421176/distributed-learning-revitalizing-anesthesiology-training-in-resource-limited-ethiopia
#4
Krupa B Patel, Morgan Dooley, Ananya Abate, Vanessa Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has a significant paucity of available health-care workers. Despite the increasing number of medical schools, there are not enough physician instructors. Furthermore, availability and standardization of postgraduate training are lacking. Modalities of e-learning have been shown to be successful when used to impart medical education in other resource-limited countries. The Emory University and Addis Ababa University (AAU) Departments of Anesthesiology have formed a collaboration with the intent of improving the AAU Anesthesiology residency program, one of two postgraduate training programs for anesthesiology in Ethiopia...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418117/articulating-the-ideal-50-years-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-medical-education
#5
Elise Paradis, Mandy Pipher, Carrie Cartmill, J Cristian Rangel, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Health care delivery and the education of clinicians have changed immensely since the creation of the journal Medical Education. In this project, we seek to answer the following three questions: How has the concept of collaboration changed over the past 50 years in Medical Education? Have the participants involved in collaboration shifted over time? Has the idea of collaboration itself been transformed over the past 50 years? METHODS: Starting from a constructionist view of scientific discourse, we used directed content analysis to sample, code and analyse 144 collaboration-related articles over the 50-year life span of Medical Education...
April 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413313/additional-risk-minimisation-measures-for-medicinal-products-in-the-european-union-a-review-of-the-implementation-and-effectiveness-of-measures-in-the-united-kingdom-by-one-marketing-authorisation-holder
#6
Elaine Agyemang, Lorna Bailey, John Talbot
INTRODUCTION: Additional risk minimisation measures (aRMMs) for medicinal products are necessary to address specific important safety issues which may not be practically achieved through routine risk management measures alone. The implementation and determination of effectiveness for aRMMs can be a challenge as it involves multiple stakeholders. It is therefore important to have concise objectives to avoid undue burden on patients, healthcare professionals and the healthcare system. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine how aRMMs are implemented and how effectiveness is assessed in the European Union (EU) using practical examples from Roche Products Limited in the United Kingdom (UK) (referred to as the 'Company')...
2017: Pharmaceutical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412575/the-role-of-illicit-licit-and-designer-drugs-in-the-traffic-in-hungary
#7
László Institóris, Előd Hidvégi, Adrienn Dobos, Éva Sija, Éva M Kereszty, László Balázs Tajti, Gábor Pál Somogyi, Tibor Varga
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and pattern of psychoactive substances among suspected DUID (Driving Under the Influence of Drugs) drivers in Hungary in 2014 and 2015. Blood and/or urine samples of 1252 suspected drivers (600 in 2014 and 652 in 2015) were analyzed for classical illicit and licit drugs, stimulant designer drugs (SDDs), and for synthetic cannabinoids, with 78.3% and 79.6% positive cases for at least one substance in 2014, and 2015, respectively. Impairment was proven in 39...
April 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406739/survey-of-contraindications-in-children-routine-vaccination-in-hangzhou-china
#8
Shijun Liu, Jun Wang, Yan Liu, Yuyang Xu, Xinren Che, Wenwen Gu, Jian Du, Xiaoping Zhang, Erping Xu
Objective To describe the epidemiological characteristics of contraindications in children routine vaccination, to evaluate vaccination doctors' ability to determine contraindications. Method Using cross-section study, 34 urban and 15 suburb units were selected from 206 Community Health Center (CHC) in Hangzhou, China. Subjects were all children coming to CHCs for routine vaccination. All situations considered to be unsuitable for vaccination were recorded as contraindications. 3 experts were employed to classify these abnormal records as true or false contraindications...
April 13, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400829/a-case-control-study-of-bisphenol-a-and-endometrioma-among-subgroup-of-iranian-women
#9
Batool Hossein Rashidi, Massoud Amanlou, Tahere Behrouzi Lak, Mahya Ghazizadeh, Bita Eslami
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a multifactorial hormonally related complex disease with unknown etiology. Epidemiologic data were suggested the possible effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) on endometriosis. BPA is similar to endogenous estrogen and has the ability to interact with estrogen receptors and stimulate estrogen production. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between urinary BPA concentrations in women with endometrioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study consisted of fifty women who have been referred to gynecology and infertility center with endometrioma and were candidates for operative laparoscopy and ovarian cystectomy as cases...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400464/utilisation-of-radiology-rotations-in-acgme-accredited-general-surgery-programmes
#10
Joseph J Eid, Francisco Igor Macedo, Vijay K Mittal
BACKGROUND: General surgery (GS) residents are often required to provide immediate preliminary interpretations of radiological images, especially in critical situations. It is unclear whether residents in Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited GS programmes receive sufficient radiological training to deliver adequate patient care. OBJECTIVES: Determine the utilisation of radiology rotations (RR) during GS residency. METHODS: Between February and March 2015, a pilot voluntary 19-item survey was electronically distributed to GS programme directors (PDs) regarding the availability and value of a RR during GS training...
April 11, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396854/a-hepatitis-c-educational-needs-assessment-of-canadian-healthcare-providers
#11
Reza Naghdi, Karen Seto, Carolyn Klassen, Didi Emokpare, Brian Conway, Melissa Kelley, Eric Yoshida, Hemant A Shah
Background and Aim. Despite advances in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection (CHC), it remains a major public health problem in Canada and globally. The knowledge of healthcare providers (HCPs) is critical to improve the care of CHC in Canada. To assess the current knowledge and educational needs of healthcare providers (HCPs) in the area of CHC management a national online survey was conducted. Method. An interprofessional steering committee designed a 29-question survey distributed through various direct and electronic routes...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391703/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-myfamilyplan-online-preconception-health-education-tool
#12
Priya Batra, Carol M Mangione, Eric Cheng, W Neil Steers, Tina A Nguyen, Douglas Bell, Alice A Kuo, Kimberly D Gregory
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether exposure to MyFamilyPlan-a web-based preconception health education module-changes the proportion of women discussing reproductive health with providers at well-woman visits. DESIGN: Cluster randomized controlled trial. One hundred thirty participants per arm distributed among 34 clusters (physicians) required to detect a 20% change in the primary outcome. SETTING: Urban academic medical center (California). PARTICIPANTS: Eligible women were 18 to 45 years old, were English speaking, were nonpregnant, were able to access the Internet, and had an upcoming well-woman visit...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390226/household-social-capital-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-child-undernutrition-in-rural-india
#13
William T Story, Richard M Carpiano
Social capital has gained attention for poverty reduction efforts in low- and middle-income countries, but questions remain about people's unequal access to and benefits from social capital-especially for addressing child health inequalities. Analyzing 2005 India Human Development Survey data on 9008 rural-dwelling children and their families, we test hypotheses regarding how SES shapes household access to and child health benefits from three different forms of social capital located inside and outside the community...
March 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389417/determinants-of-participants-follow-up-and-characterization-of-representativeness-in-flu-near-you-a-participatory-disease-surveillance-system
#14
Kristin Baltrusaitis, Mauricio Santillana, Adam W Crawley, Rumi Chunara, Mark Smolinski, John S Brownstein
BACKGROUND: Flu Near You (FNY) is an Internet-based participatory surveillance system in the United States and Canada that allows volunteers to report influenza-like symptoms using a brief weekly symptom report. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the representativeness of the FNY population compared with the general population of the United States, explore the demographic and behavioral characteristics associated with FNY's high-participation users, and summarize results from a user survey of a cohort of FNY participants...
April 7, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386393/what-are-the-associations-between-the-quantity-of-faculty-evaluations-and-residents-perception-of-quality-feedback
#15
Joseph M Blankush, Brijen J Shah, Scott H Barnett, Gaber Badran, Amanda Mercado, Reena Karani, David Muller, I Michael Leitman
OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is a correlation between the numbers of evaluations submitted by faculty and the perception of the quality of feedback reported by trainees on a yearly survey. METHOD: 147 ACGME-accredited training programs sponsored by a single medical school were included in the analysis. Eighty-seven programs (49 core residency programs and 38 advanced training programs) with 4 or more trainees received ACGME survey summary data for academic year 2013-2014...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379918/cost-effectiveness-of-pediatric-cochlear-implantation-in-rural-china
#16
Jianxin Qiu, Chongxian Yu, Thathya V Ariyaratne, Chris Foteff, Zhangmin Ke, Yi Sun, Li Zhang, Feifei Qin, Georgina Sanderson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost utility of cochlear implantation (CI) for severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) among children from rural settings in P.R. China (China). RESEARCH DESIGN: A cost-utility analysis (CUA) was undertaken using data generated from a single-center substudy of the Cochlear Pediatric Implanted Recipient Observational Study (Cochlear P-IROS). The data were projected over a 20-year time horizon using a decision tree model. SETTING: The Chinese healthcare payer and patient perspectives were adopted...
April 4, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378037/medical-disease-or-moral-defect-stigma-attribution-and-cultural-models-of-addiction-causality-in-a-university-population
#17
Nicole L Henderson, William W Dressler
This study examines the knowledge individuals use to make judgments about persons with substance use disorder. First, we show that there is a cultural model of addiction causality that is both shared and contested. Second, we examine how individuals' understanding of that model is associated with stigma attribution. Research was conducted among undergraduate students at the University of Alabama. College students in the 18-25 age range are especially at risk for developing substance use disorder, and they are, perhaps more than any other population group, intensely targeted by drug education...
April 4, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377022/use-of-a-mock-deposition-program-to-improve-resident-understanding-of-the-importance-of-documentation
#18
Mina Guerges, Eliza Slama, Yacoub Zayadin, Alicia Kieninger
INTRODUCTION: It has been estimated that the probability of a physician being involved in a medical litigation by 65 years of age ranges from 76 to 98% depending on specialty. We hypothesized that a mock deposition held by a medico-legal expert attorney could effectively increase awareness of the importance of accurate and complete medical documentation. METHODS: Pre and post-lecture and mock deposition surveys were analyzed and the contents evaluated. Residents and attendings from the surgical, medical and OB-GYN departments participated...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373156/an-analysis-of-2-3-million-participations-in-the-continuing-medical-education-program-of-a-general-medical-journal-suitability-user-characteristics-and-evaluation-by-readers
#19
Hildegard Christ, Jeremy Franklin, Reinhard Griebenow, Christopher Baethge
BACKGROUND: Physicians frequently use continuing medical education (CME) in journals. However, little is known of the evaluation of journal CME by readers and also user and participation characteristics. Deutsches Ärzteblatt, the journal of the German Medical Association, is distributed to every physician in Germany and regularly offers its readers CME articles. Therefore, it provides a unique opportunity to analyze a journal CME program directed at an entire population of physicians...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372854/potential-media-influence-on-the-high-incidence-of-medical-disputes-from-the-perspective-of-plastic-surgeons
#20
Chiehfeng Chen, Ching-Feng Lin, Cha-Chun Chen, Shih-Feng Chiu, Fuh-Yuan Shih, Shu-Yu Lyu, Ming-Been Lee
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of medical disputes among plastic surgeons in Taiwan and to elucidate their perspectives regarding the influence of medical litigation media coverage on the physician-patient relationship. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among plastic surgeons attending a series of continuing education training lectures organized by the Taiwan Society of Plastic Surgery in 2015. RESULTS: Of the 109 respondents, over a third (36...
March 31, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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