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Clerkships

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908638/using-the-acmge-milestones-as-a-handover-tool-from-medical-school-to-surgery-residency
#1
Lauren M Wancata, Helen Morgan, Gurjit Sandhu, Sally Santen, David T Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To map current medical school assessments for graduating students to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones in general surgery, and to pass forward individual performance metrics on level 1 milestones to receiving residency programs. DESIGN: The study included 20 senior medical students who were accepted into surgery internship positions. Data from medical school performance assessments from the third-year surgery clerkship, fourth-year surgery rotations, fourth-year surgery boot camp, Clinical Competency Assessment Examination, and United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and 2 examinations were used to map each student's competency assessments to the General Surgery Milestones based on a scoring system created and validated by independent assessors...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900072/comparison-of-medical-students-satisfaction-with-family-medicine-clerkships-between-university-hospitals-and-community-hospitals-or-clinics
#2
Eal Whan Park
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare students' awareness of and satisfaction with clerkships in family medicine between a university hospital and a community hospital or clinic. METHODS: Thirty-eight 4th year medical students who were undergoing a clerkship in family medicine in the 1st semester of 2012 were surveyed via questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered both before and after the clerkship. RESULTS: External clerkships were completed in eight family medicine clinics and two regional hospitals...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889269/medical-student-expectations-from-surgical-education-a-two-year-institutional-experience
#3
Alessandra Landmann, William S Havron, Arpit Patel, Britta M Thompson, Jason S Lees
BACKGROUND: The third-year surgical rotation is the first exposure medical students have to the fundamentals of surgical education. It is known that medical students come to the surgical clerkship with preconceived ideas, many of them negative and based on prior student feedback and hearsay. METHODS: An anonymous survey was conducted of third-year medical students while on the surgical clerkship. We sought to quantify student's experiences and expectations by assessing the students' confidence levels before and after the rotation...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885821/exploring-simulation-in-the-internal-medicine-clerkship
#4
Brian Kwan, Glory Bui, Paul Jain, Nilesh Shah, Derek Juang
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based medical education has been shown to produce substantial educational benefits; however, the integration and effectiveness of high-fidelity simulation within the internal medicine (IM) clerkship remains largely unexplored. Investigators sought to determine the effectiveness of simulation in improving student confidence in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) curriculum. Secondary goals included examining student perceptions of the role of simulation in medical education...
November 25, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884319/student-views-on-the-role-of-self-regulated-learning-in-a-surgery-clerkship
#5
Ariel M Lyons-Warren, John P Kirby, Douglas P Larsen
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning, including student-generated learning goals and flexibility in the learning structure are increasingly being used to enhance medical education. The role of these practices in surgical education of medical students has not been studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered an 18-question electronic survey to all third-year medical students at Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine. Of the 126 students invited, 64 responded and 56 were included in the analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882583/how-clinical-medical-students-perceive-others-to-influence-their-self-regulated-learning
#6
Joris J Berkhout, Esther Helmich, Pim W Teunissen, Cees P M van der Vleuten, A Debbie C Jaarsma
OBJECTIVES: Undergraduate medical students are prone to struggle with learning in clinical environments. One of the reasons may be that they are expected to self-regulate their learning, which often turns out to be difficult. Students' self-regulated learning is an interactive process between person and context, making a supportive context imperative. From a socio-cultural perspective, learning takes place in social practice, and therefore teachers and other hospital staff present are vital for students' self-regulated learning in a given context...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882520/app-use-in-psychiatric-education-a-medical-student-survey
#7
Cecilia Lau, Venkata Kolli
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to understand and appraise app use by medical students during their clerkships. METHODS: Following Creighton University IRB approval, a voluntary and anonymous paper-based, 15-question survey was distributed to third-year medical students. Data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel. RESULTS: Of 112 medical students available, 76.7% (86) participated in the survey. All participants owned a smartphone or tablet with 84...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882519/integration-of-basic-and-clinical-science-in-the-psychiatry-clerkship
#8
Kirsten M Wilkins, David Moore, Robert M Rohrbaugh, Gregory W Briscoe
OBJECTIVE: Integration of basic and clinical science is a key component of medical education reform, yet best practices have not been identified. The authors compared two methods of basic and clinical science integration in the psychiatry clerkship. METHODS: Two interventions aimed at integrating basic and clinical science were implemented and compared in a dementia conference: flipped curriculum and coteaching by clinician and physician-scientist. The authors surveyed students following each intervention...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878052/missing-the-mark-current-practices-in-teaching-the-male-urogenital-examination-to-canadian-undergraduate-medical-students
#9
Kristen McAlpine, Stephen Steele
INTRODUCTION: The urogenital physical examination is an important aspect of patient encounters in various clinical settings. Introductory clinical skills sessions are intended to provide support and alleviate students' anxiety when learning this sensitive exam. The techniques each Canadian medical school uses to guide their students through the initial urogenital examination has not been previously reported. METHODS: This study surveyed pre-clerkship clinical skills program directors at the main campus of English-speaking Canadian medical schools regarding the curriculum they use to teach the urogenital examination...
August 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876043/medical-education-in-a-foreign-language-and-history-taking-in-the-native-language-in-lebanon-a-nationwide-survey
#10
Vanda Abi Raad, Kareem Raad, Yazan Daaboul, Serge Korjian, Nadia Asmar, Mouin Jammal, Sola Aoun Bahous
BACKGROUND: With the adoption of the English language in medical education, a gap in clinical communication may develop in countries where the native language is different from the language of medical education. This study investigates the association between medical education in a foreign language and students' confidence in their history-taking skills in their native language. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of a 17-question survey among medical students in clinical clerkships of Lebanese medical schools...
November 22, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875600/finding-the-words-medical-students-reflections-on-communication-challenges-in-clinic
#11
Genna Braverman, Janine S Bruce, Gregory Makoul, Erika Schillinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal communication is essential to providing excellent patient care and requires ongoing development. Although aspects of medical student interpersonal communication may degrade throughout career progression, it is unknown what specific elements pose challenges. We aimed to characterize clerkship students' perspectives on communication challenges in the outpatient setting to help inform curricular development. METHODS: Third-year medical students in a required family medicine clerkship were asked to describe a communication challenge they encountered...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856065/associations-of-medical-student-empathy-with-clinical-competence
#12
Rachel S Casas, Ziming Xuan, Angela H Jackson, Lorraine E Stanfield, Nanette C Harvey, Daniel C Chen
OBJECTIVE: Empathy is a crucial skill for medical students that can be difficult to evaluate. We examined if self-reported empathy in medical students was associated with clinical competence. METHODS: This study combined cross-sectional data from four consecutive years of medical students (N=590) from the Boston University School of Medicine. We used regression analysis to evaluate if self-reported empathy (Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE)) predicted scores in clinical clerkships, United States Medical Licensing Examinations, and OBJECTIVE: Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs)...
November 10, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849470/55-word-stories-about-medical-student-s-clerkship-experiences
#13
Adam K Saperstein, Savannah L Woodward, Blake T Cirks, Adrienne S Wendling, Matthew D Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834170/feedback-in-formative-osces-comparison-between-direct-observation-and-video-based-formats
#14
Noƫlle Junod Perron, Martine Louis-Simonet, Bernard Cerutti, Eva Pfarrwaller, Johanna Sommer, Mathieu Nendaz
INTRODUCTION: Medical students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Switzerland, have the opportunity to practice clinical skills with simulated patients during formative sessions in preparation for clerkships. These sessions are given in two formats: 1) direct observation of an encounter followed by verbal feedback (direct feedback) and 2) subsequent review of the videotaped encounter by both student and supervisor (video-based feedback). The aim of the study was to evaluate whether content and process of feedback differed between both formats...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832713/longitudinal-integrated-clerkships
#15
Judith Nicky Hudson, Ann N Poncelet, Kath M Weston, John A Bushnell, Elizabeth A Farmer
There is increased interest in longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs) due to mounting evidence of positive outcomes for students, patients and supervising clinicians. Emphasizing continuity as the organizing principle of an LIC, this article reviews evidence and presents perspectives of LIC participants concerning continuity of care, supervision and curriculum, and continuity with peers and systems of care. It also offers advice on implementing or evaluating existing LIC programs.
November 10, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829411/-i-wish-someone-watched-me-interview-medical-student-insight-into-observation-and-feedback-as-a-method-for-teaching-communication-skills-during-the-clinical-years
#16
Heather Schopper, Marcy Rosenbaum, Rick Axelson
BACKGROUND: Experts suggest observation and feedback is a useful tool for teaching and evaluating medical student communication skills during the clinical years. Failing to do this effectively risks contributing to deterioration of students' communication skills during the very educational period in which they are most important. While educators have been queried about their thoughts on this issue, little is known about what this process is like for learners and if they feel they get educational value from being observed...
November 9, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822275/the-effect-of-clinical-exposure-to-patients-on-medical-students-attitude-towards-mental-illness
#17
Homayoun Amini, Saeed Shoar, Maryam Tabatabaee, Somaye Arabzadeh
BACKGROUND: Stigma of mental disorders causes a reduction in seeking help from the health care professionals and is evident across the world. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to compare medical students' attitude towards mental illness after two different psychiatry clerkships in terms of the level of clinical exposure to patients with mental illness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Through a quasi-experimental study, all of the 4(th)-year medical students were invited to enroll this study conducted in Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS)...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815803/advancements-in-undergraduate-medical-education-meeting-the-challenges-of-an-evolving-world-of-education-healthcare-and-technology
#18
REVIEW
P G Shelton, Irma Corral, Brandon Kyle
Restructuring of undergraduate medical education (UGME) has occurred from time to time over the past century. Many influences, including the persuasive report of Abraham Flexner in 1910, acted to reorganize medical education in the early twentieth century [1, 2]. In his report, Flexner called on American medical schools to enact higher graduation standards and to stringently adhere to the protocols of mainstream science in their teaching. Prior to this report, UGME had changed little over the previous century but over the last several decades, reform within medical education has become routine...
November 5, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813672/high-frequency-learning-goals-using-self-regulated-learning-to-influence-day-to-day-practice-in-clinical-education
#19
Douglas P Larsen, Robert T Naismith, Mathew Margolis
PROBLEM: Although self-regulated learning (SRL) is considered a fundamental skill that must be developed in physician training, many programs of SRL utilize learning goals that are generated only at the beginning of learning experiences or are widely spaced apart in time. These goals are often not formally shared with those actually working with the learner in the clinical setting. INTERVENTION: We developed a program of written, student-generated weekly learning goals in which students focused on processes of becoming better doctors for their patients...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812819/the-relationship-between-extracurricular-activities-assessed-during-selection-and-during-medical-school-and-performance
#20
Louise C Urlings-Strop, Axel P N Themmen, Karen M Stegers-Jager
Several medical schools include candidates' extracurricular activities in their selection procedure, with promising results regarding their predictive value for achievement during the clinical years of medical school. This study aims to reveal whether the better achievement in clinical training of students selected on the basis of their extracurricular activities could be explained by persistent participation in extracurricular activities during medical school (msECAs). Lottery-admitted and selected student admission groups were compared on their participation in three types of msECAs: (1) research master, (2) important board positions or (3) additional degree programme...
November 3, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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