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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341818/medicine-as-it-should-be-teaching-team-and-teamwork-during-a-palliative-care-clerkship
#1
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326856/using-small-case-based-learning-groups-as-a-setting-for-teaching-medical-students-how-to-provide-and-receive-peer-feedback
#2
Emily C Bird, Neil Osheroff, Cathleen C Pettepher, William B Cutrer, Robert H Carnahan
As future physicians, nearly all medical students will be required to provide face-to-face feedback. Moreover, receiving high quality feedback from multiple perspectives is particularly valuable during the pre-clerkship training period. To address these needs, we developed a straightforward, easy to implement exercise that affords students the opportunity to practice giving and receiving feedback with peers. We describe how this exercise has been tailored to fit within the case-based learning small groups of our first-year curriculum and how to enhance the activity by weaving the basic principles of quality feedback into preparation sessions...
December 2017: Medical Science Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325913/efficacy-of-a-web-based-oral-case-presentation-instruction-module-a-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Colin M Sox, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Linda O Lewin, Jeanine Ronan, Mary Brown, Marta King, Rachel Thompson, Michelle Noelck, Jamie S Sutherell, Michael Silverstein, Howard J Cabral, Michael Dell
OBJECTIVE: Effective self-directed educational tools are invaluable. Our objective was to determine whether a self-directed, web-based oral case presentation module would 1) improve medical students' oral case presentations compared to usual curriculum 2) with similar efficacy as structured oral presentation faculty feedback sessions. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic multi-center cluster randomized controlled trial among medical students rotating in pediatric clerkships at seven U...
January 8, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321068/psychosocial-issues-discovered-through-reflective-group-dialogue-between-medical-students
#4
Shao-Yin Chu, Chi-Wei Lin, Meei-Ju Lin, Chin-Chen Wen
BACKGROUND: The biopsychosocial model is a comprehensive approach emphasizing holistic medical care. However, medical curricula that incorporate narrative reflective writing and group dynamic discussion of psychosocial issues among patients and their family members in reflective dialogue groups are currently underutilized. The aim of this study was to determine psychosocial issues among patients and their family members through medical students' reflective dialogue groups. METHODS: This study was completed as part of a pediatric clerkship...
January 10, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311368/education-research-difficult-conversations-in-neurology-lessons-learned-from-medical-students
#5
Monica E Lemmon, Charlene Gamaldo, Rachel Marie E Salas, Ankita Saxena, Tiana E Cruz, Renee D Boss, Roy E Strowd
OBJECTIVE: To characterize features of medical student exposure to difficult conversations during a neurology core clerkship. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional concurrent nested mixed methods study, and all students rotating through a required neurology clerkship between 2014 and 2015 were enrolled. Data collection included an electronic communication tracker, baseline and end-of-clerkship surveys, and 4 facilitated focus groups. Students were asked to log exposure to patient-clinician conversations about (1) new disability, (2) poor prognosis, (3) prognostic uncertainty (4), terminal diagnosis, and (5) end-of-life care...
January 9, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305073/out-of-the-basement-and-into-the-classroom-pathways-for-expanding-the-role-of-radiation-oncologists-in-medical-student-education
#6
Malcolm D Mattes, William Small, Neha Vapiwala
PURPOSE: To characterize radiation oncologist involvement in undergraduate medical education at US academic medical centers and to incorporate these findings into practical pathways for greater and broader integration of radiation oncology (RO) into medical curricula. METHODS: Chairpersons and residency program directors at RO departments directly affiliated with a medical school were asked to describe all the ways in which radiation oncologists in their department are involved in medical student education, excluding their elective clerkship...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304800/voluntary-vs-compulsory-student-evaluation-of-clerkships-effect-on-validity-and-potential-bias
#7
Sola Aoun Bahous, Pascale Salameh, Angelique Salloum, Wael Salameh, Yoon Soo Park, Ara Tekian
BACKGROUND: Students evaluations of their learning experiences can provide a useful source of information about clerkship effectiveness in undergraduate medical education. However, low response rates in clerkship evaluation surveys remain an important limitation. This study examined the impact of increasing response rates using a compulsory approach on validity evidence. METHODS: Data included 192 responses obtained voluntarily from 49 third-year students in 2014-2015, and 171 responses obtained compulsorily from 49 students in the first six months of the consecutive year at one medical school in Lebanon...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304795/do-senior-medical-students-meet-recommended-emergency-medicine-curricula-requirements
#8
Sami Shaban, Arif Alper Cevik, Mustafa Emin Canakci, Caglar Kuas, Margret El Zubeir, Fikri Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) offer a variety of learning opportunities for undergraduate medical students. It is however, difficult to evaluate whether they are receiving recommended training during their emergency medicine (EM) clerkship without identifying their clinical activities. We aimed to evaluate the clinical exposure of the final year medical students at our College during their EM clerkship. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected student logbooks...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302880/a-framework-for-tracking-former-patients-in-the-electronic-health-record-using-an-educational-registry
#9
Gregory E Brisson, Cynthia Barnard, Patrick D Tyler, David M Liebovitz, Kathy Johnson Neely
One challenge of contemporary medical education is that shorter lengths of stay and time-limited clerkships often interrupt a student's relationship with a patient before a diagnosis is made or treatment is completed, limiting the learning experience. Medical students sometimes use electronic health records (EHRs) to overcome these limitations. EHRs provide access to patients' future medical records, enabling students to track former patients across care venues to audit their diagnostic impressions and observe outcomes...
January 4, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302084/current-practices-in-hosting-non-us-pharmacy-students-at-us-pharmacy-schools-in-experiential-clerkships
#10
REVIEW
Sara Al-Dahir, Naser Z Alsharif, Shaun E Gleason, Toyin Tofade, Emily K Flores, Michael Katz, Emily K Dornblaser
Objective: To provide specific considerations for hosting non-U.S. pharmacy students at U.S.-based colleges/schools of pharmacy (C/SOP) for experiential clerkships and training. Findings: A literature review (2000-2016) in PubMed, Google Scholar and IPA databases was conducted using specific keywords. Recommendations and future directions for development of experiential rotations for non-U.S. students in U.S. experiential rotations are presented for both the home and host country. Summary articles and best practices across the disciplines, as well as expert opinion, were found across U...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299832/the-2016-survey-of-the-association-of-directors-of-medical-student-education-in-psychiatry
#11
Lia A Thomas, Gary Beck Dallaghan, Richard M Balon
OBJECTIVE: The members of the Association of Directors of Medical Student Education in Psychiatry (ADMSEP) had been last surveyed in 2010 to identify trends in medical student education in psychiatry, teaching methods, academic productivity, and administrative issues. With increasing requirements, ADMSEP members were surveyed in 2016 to characterize current expectations for and needs of medical student educators in psychiatry. METHODS: A 53-item survey was sent to members of ADMSEP (n=260) and to clerkship directors nationwide...
January 3, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273337/randomized-trial-of-smartphone-based-evaluation-for-an-obstetrics-and-gynecology-clerkship
#12
Nasim C Sobhani, Emily E Fay, Melissa A Schiff, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy, Katherine E Debiec
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that compared to paper evaluations, a smartphone-based quick response (QR) evaluation tool would improve timeliness of feedback, enhance efficacy of giving and receiving feedback, and be as easy to use. DESIGN: We performed a randomized controlled trial of student and instructor experience with two evaluation tools in the OB/GYN clerkship at University of Washington School of Medicine (UWSOM). Sites were randomized to the QR or paper tool; students at QR sites received individualized QR codes at the beginning of the clerkship...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241599/participation-of-clinical-nurses-in-the-practical-education-of-undergraduate-nursing-students
#13
Águeda Cervera-Gasch, Víctor M Gonzalez-Chorda, Desirée Mena-Tudela, Pablo Salas-Medina, Ana Folch-Ayora, Loreto Macia-Soler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the level of participation of clinical nurses from Castellón where Universitat JaumeI nursing students do their clinical clerkship. To identify the variables that may influence clinical nurses' participation in students' clinical mentorship. METHOD: This observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted by applying the validated Involvement, Motivation, Satisfaction, Obstacles and Commitment (IMSOC) questionnaire. The variables collected were: age, work environment and previous training...
December 11, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240463/assessing-the-validity-of-a-multidisciplinary-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise
#14
Susan Humphrey-Murto, Mylène Côté, Debra Pugh, Timothy J Wood
Construct: The purpose of this study was to provide validity evidence for the mini-clinical evaluation exercise (mini-CEX) as an assessment tool for clinical skills in the workplace. BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated validity evidence for the mini-CEX, but most studies were carried out in internal medicine or single disciplines, therefore limiting generalizability of the findings. If the mini-CEX is to be used in multidisciplinary contexts, then validity evidence should be gathered in similar settings...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229691/opinion-and-special-articles-neurology-education-at-us-osteopathic-medical-schools
#15
Daniel A Freedman, Dara V F Albert
Osteopathic medical schools have a longstanding tradition of training primary care physicians (PCP). Neurologic symptoms are common in the PCP's office and there is an undersupply of neurologists in the United States. It is therefore crucial for osteopathic medical students to have a strong foundation in clinical neurology. Despite the importance, a mere 6% of osteopathic medical schools have required neurology clerkships. Furthermore, exposure to neurology in medical school through required clerkships has been correlated with matching into neurology residency...
December 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226233/medical-students-preparation-for-the-transition-to-postgraduate-training-through-final-year-elective-rotations
#16
W E Sjoukje van den Broek, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer, Olle Ten Cate, Marijke van Dijk
Objectives: This study adds to the ongoing discussion on how to ease the transition from undergraduate medical training to postgraduate training. In the Netherlands there is no central matching system for admission to residency. Medical school graduates just apply for a position in an open job market. Many choose to acquire general or specialty-specific clinical experiences after the medical degree before residency, to further explore career opportunities and to increase their chances to get into their preferred specialty...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204755/teaching-empathy-the-implementation-of-a-video-game-into-a-psychiatry-clerkship-curriculum
#17
Andrew Chen, Jessie J Hanna, Adithya Manohar, Anthony Tobia
OBJECTIVE: Empathy plays an important role for physicians, but the literature demonstrates that it often deteriorates during medical school. The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of the interactive video game "That Dragon, Cancer" as a tool to teach empathy to third-year medical students. METHODS: The authors gave a modified, Jefferson Scales of Physician Empathy (JSPE) to 84 third-year medical students in their psychiatry clerkship before and after they played and completed "That Dragon, Cancer" during the 2016-2017 academic calendar year...
December 4, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186158/determinants-and-effects-of-medical-students-core-self-evaluation-tendencies-on-clinical-competence-and-workplace-well-being-in-clerkship
#18
Yung Kai Lin, Der-Yuan Chen, Blossom Yen-Ju Lin
Core self-evaluation (CSE) is a personality trait that involves a person's evaluation of his or her own worth, competence, and capability. The objective of this study was to determine whether medical students' CSEs exert beneficial effects on their adaptation to their clerkship in terms of their clinical competence and workplace well-being and whether their preclinical academic performance can be a trait-relevant situation that enhances their CSE expression. In total, 127 medical students from 2 cohorts were included as participants in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176087/in-pursuit-of-educational-integrity-professional-identity-formation-in-the-harvard-medical-school-cambridge-integrated-clerkship
#19
Elizabeth Gaufberg, David Bor, Perry Dinardo, Edward Krupat, Elizabeth Pine, Barbara Ogur, David A Hirsh
Graduates of Harvard Medical School's Cambridge Integrated Clerkship (CIC) describe several core processes that may underlie professional identity formation (PIF): encouragement to integrate pre-professional and professional identities; support for learner autonomy in discovering meaningful roles and responsibilities; learning through caring relationships; and a curriculum and an institutional culture that make values explicit. The authors suggest that the benefits of educational integrity accrue when idealistic learners inhabit an educational model that aligns with their own core values, and when professional development occurs in the context of an institutional home that upholds these values...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175430/medical-students-acquisition-of-adolescent-interview-skills-after-coached-role-play
#20
Paritosh Kaul, Jennifer Fisher, Janice L Hanson
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate an educational activity designed to teach the adolescent HEADS examination METHODS: Participants were third-year medical students in their pediatric clerkships. Students received an article on the HEADS interview and attended an adolescent medicine educational session. The session included individualized goal setting and coached role play. Students' skills in doing a HEADS interview were evaluated through a standardized patient encounter (SPE) with a checklist and a retrospective pre- and post-test survey...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
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