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diarrhea and probiotics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092597/role-of-probiotics-in-nutrition-and-health-of-small-ruminants
#1
M M Abd El-Tawab, I M I Youssef, H A Bakr, G C Fthenakis, N D Giadinis
Small ruminants represent an important economic source in small farm systems and agriculture. Feed is the main component of livestock farming, which has gained special attention to improve animal performance. Many studies have been done to improve feed utilisation through addition of feed additives. For a long period, antibiotics have been widely used as growth promoters in livestock diets. Due to their ban in many countries, search for alternative feed additives has been intensified. Probiotics are one of these alternatives recognised to be safe to the animals...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087866/when-can-infants-and-children-benefit-from-probiotics
#2
Paul Dassow, Steven Fox
The latest studies indicate that probiotics can help with colic, eczema, and certain types of diarrhea. They may also help with upper respiratory infections and IBS pain.
November 2016: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079729/effect-of-probiotics-on-diarrhea-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-uganda
#3
Benedikte Grenov, Hanifa Namusoke, Betty Lanyero, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Christian Ritz, Christian Mølgaard, Henrik Friis, Kim F Michaelsen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of probiotics on diarrhea during in- and outpatient treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted involving 400 children admitted with SAM. Patients received one daily dose of a blend of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (BB-12) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LGG) (10 billion colony-forming units, 50:50) or placebo during hospitalization followed by an 8-12 week outpatient treatment period, depending on patients' recovery rate...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070176/advances-in-ibs-2016-a-review-of-current-and-emerging-data
#4
Philip S Schoenfeld
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is characterized by chronic intermittent abdominal pain and associated diarrhea (IBS-D), constipation (IBS-C), or both. IBS can significantly impact patient function and quality of life. The diagnosis of IBS is based on the presence of characteristic symptoms, the exclusion of concerning features, and selected tests to exclude organic diseases that can mimic IBS. The pathophysiology of IBS remains incompletely understood, and new contributing factors have been identified over the past decade...
August 2016: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064261/clinical-effects-of-prebiotics-in-pediatric-population
#5
Rok Orel, Lea Vodušek Reberšak
CONTEXT: Prebiotics are non-digestible components of food that in a selective manner trigger the expansion of microbes in the gut with valuable effects for the health of the host. In our document, current literature pertaining to the clinical effects of the use of prebiotics for the treatment and prevention of some common pediatric pathology such as infantile colic, constipation, absorption of minerals, weight gain, diarrhea, respiratory infections, and eczema is reviewed. EVIDENCE: Data was collected through search of the MEDLINE, PubMed, UpToDate, Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register database as well as through references from relevant articles, all until September 2015...
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033143/probiotics-for-trauma-patients-should-we-be-taking-a-precautionary-approach
#6
Heather A Vitko, L Kathleen Sekula, Martin A Schreiber
The use of probiotics in the hospital setting is largely understudied and highly controversial. Probiotics are living organisms that, when taken internally, can produce an immunomodulating effect and improve the gastrointestinal (GI) mucosal barrier. Although used for centuries by healthy individuals for GI health, their use in the hospital setting is now gaining wide attention for the prevention of infectious complications such as antibiotic-associated diarrhea, Clostridium difficile infections, multiple-organ dysfunction syndrome, and ventilator-associated pneumonia...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032856/are-probiotics-effective-to-prevent-traveler%C3%A2-s-diarrhea
#7
Yazmín Pinos, Victoria Castro-Gutiérrez, Gabriel Rada
La diarrea aguda es la enfermedad más común que afecta a los viajeros, principalmente aquellos que se dirigen a regiones de alto riesgo. El uso de probióticos podría prevenir su aparición, sin embargo, los datos que apoyan su uso no son consistentes y no se recomiendan en las guías clínicas actuales. Utilizando la base de datos Epistemonikos, la cual es mantenida mediante búsquedas en múltiples bases de datos, identificamos cuatro revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyen siete estudios aleatorizados pertinentes a esta pregunta...
December 23, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028357/can-probiotics-benefit-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Fernando Navarro, Yuying Liu, Jon Marc Rhoads
Children with autism are commonly affected by gastrointestinal problems such as abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the use of probiotics in this population, as it hypothetically may help to improve bowel habits and the behavioral and social functioning of these individuals. The gut microbiome plays an important role in the pathophysiology of organic as well as functional gastrointestinal disorders. Microbial modification with the use of antibiotics, probiotics, and fecal transplantation have been effective in the treatment of conditions such as recurrent Clostridium difficile infection, pouchitis, and irritable bowel syndrome...
December 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018885/lactobacillus-probiotics-in-the-prevention-of-diarrhea-associated-with-clostridium-difficile-a-systematic-review-and-bayesian-hierarchical-meta-analysis
#9
Alison Sinclair, Xuanqian Xie, Lama Saab, Nandini Dendukuri
BACKGROUND: Recent meta-analyses of the efficacy of probiotics for preventing diarrhea associated with Clostridium difficile have concluded there is a large effect favouring probiotics. We reexamined this evidence, which contradicts the results of a more recent large randomized controlled trial that found no benefit of Lactobacillus probiotics for preventing C. difficile-associated diarrhea. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the efficacy of treatment with Lactobacillus probiotics for preventing nosocomial C...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017488/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-the-school-age-child-with-autism
#10
Debdeep Nath
This case study examines some common complementary and alternative treatments used in the management of behavioral and gastrointestinal symptoms associated with autism including food selectivity, abdominal pain, nausea, gastroesophageal reflux, constipation, and diarrhea. The current literature on the safety and efficacy of these treatments for pediatric patients is reviewed. This study examines therapies including gluten-free and casein-free diet, probiotics, vitamin B12, omega-3 fatty acid supplementation, chelation therapy, acupuncture, and chiropractic manipulations used in treating these core symptoms of autism...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007678/use-of-probiotics-as-an-adjuvant-to-sequential-h-pylori-eradication-therapy-impact-on-eradication-rates-treatment-resistance-treatment-related-side-effects-and-patient-compliance
#11
Ayhan Hilmi Çekin, Yasin Şahintürk, Ferda Akbay Harmandar, Seyit Uyar, Başak Oğuz Yolcular, Yeşim Çekin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the effect of probiotics administered as an adjuvant to sequential Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication therapy on treatment outcome and patient compliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 159 patients with H. pylori infection receiving sequential H. pylori eradication therapy were included in this randomized placebo-controlled study. Starting from day 0 of sequential eradication therapy (ERA), patients in the ERA+probiotic group [n=53, mean (SD) age: 47...
December 23, 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002391/starter-formula-enriched-in-prebiotics-and-probiotics-ensures-normal-growth-of-infants-and-promotes-gut-health-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Michael Radke, Jean-Charles Picaud, Andrea Loui, Gilles Cambonie, Dirk Faas, Harry N Lafeber, Nanda de Groot, Sophie S Pecquet, Philippe G Steenhout, Jean-Michel Hascoet
BACKGROUND: Prebiotics and probiotics exert beneficial effects by modulating gut microbiota and immune system. This study evaluates efficacy and safety of an infant formula containing Bovine Milk-derived Oligosaccharides (BMOS) and B. lactis (CNCM I-3446) on incidence of diarrhea and febrile infections during the first year of life (primary outcome). METHODS: Full-term infants receiving Test or Control (without BMOS and B. lactis) formula were enrolled in a multi-center, randomized, controlled, double-blind trial with a reference breastfeeding group...
December 21, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000477/probiotic-effectiveness-nutrition-in-cancer-treatment-and-prevention
#13
Débora Mara Kich, Angélica Vincenzi, Fernanda Majolo, Claucia Fernanda Volken de Souza, Márcia Inês Goettert
Among the neoplasias, colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in men and women. The increasing incidence of this type of cancer is due to the increase in the population's life expectancy, by the increase in chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, primarily ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, and the change in eating habits. The American Cancer Society (2011) shows that diet might be responsible for approximately 30% of cancer cases in developed countries, moreover when considering only colorectal cancer, the number can reach 30% to 50%...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999620/effects-of-escherichia-coli-nissle-1917-and-ciprofloxacin-on-small-intestinal-epithelial-cell-mrna-expression-in-the-neonatal-piglet-model-of-human-rotavirus-infection
#14
Francine C Paim, Stephanie N Langel, David D Fischer, Sukumar Kandasamy, Lulu Shao, Moyasar A Alhamo, Huang-Chi Huang, Anand Kumar, Gireesh Rajashekara, Linda J Saif, Anastasia N Vlasova
We evaluated the effects of the probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) and the antibiotic Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) on mRNA expression of intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) in gnotobiotic (Gn) piglets colonized with a defined commensal microflora (DMF) and inoculated with human rotavirus (HRV) that infects IECs. We analyzed mRNA levels of IEC genes for enteroendocrine cells [chromogranin A (CgA)], goblet cells [mucin 2 (MUC2)], transient amplifying progenitor cell [proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)], intestinal epithelial stem cell (SOX9) and enterocytes (villin)...
2016: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995406/effects-of-ex-vivo-infection-with-etec-on-jejunal-barrier-properties-and-cytokine-expression-in-probiotic-supplemented-pigs
#15
Ulrike Lodemann, Salah Amasheh, Judith Radloff, Martina Kern, Astrid Bethe, Lothar H Wieler, Robert Pieper, Jürgen Zentek, Jörg R Aschenbach
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains are involved in piglet post-weaning diarrhea. Prophylactic measures including probiotics have been examined in infection experiments with live piglets. In the present study, we have tested whether the early effects of ETEC infection can also be evoked and studied in a model in which ETEC is added to whole mucosal tissues ex vivo, and whether this response can be modulated by prior supplementation of the piglets with probiotics...
December 19, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994593/intestinal-innate-antiviral-immunity-and-immunobiotics-beneficial-effects-against-rotavirus-infection
#16
REVIEW
Julio Villena, Maria Guadalupe Vizoso-Pinto, Haruki Kitazawa
The mucosal tissues of the gastrointestinal tract are the main portal entry of pathogens such as rotavirus (RV), which is a leading cause of death due to diarrhea among young children across the globe and a major cause of severe acute intestinal infection in livestock animals. The interactions between intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and immune cells with RVs have been studied for several years, and now, it is known that the innate immune responses triggered by this virus can have both beneficial and detrimental effects for the host...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994474/probiotics-improve-the-efficacy-of-standard-triple-therapy-in-the-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori-a-meta-analysis
#17
Christine S M Lau, Amanda Ward, Ronald S Chamberlain
INTRODUCTION: Helicobacter pylori colonization is present in half of the world's population and can lead to numerous gastrointestinal diseases if left untreated, including peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. Although concurrent triple therapy remains the recommended treatment regimen for H. pylori eradication, its success rate and efficacy have been declining. Recent studies have shown that the addition of probiotics can significantly increase eradication rates by up to 50%. This meta-analysis examines the impact of probiotic supplementation on the efficacy of standard triple therapy in eradicating H...
2016: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983878/foodborne-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-from-gut-pathogenesis-to-new-preventive-strategies-involving-probiotics
#18
Charlène Roussel, Adeline Sivignon, Tom Van de Wiele, Stéphanie Blanquet-Diot
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are a major cause of traveler's diarrhea and infant mortality in developing countries. Given the rise of antibiotic resistance worldwide, there is an urgent need for the development of new preventive strategies. Among them, a promising approach is the use of probiotics. Although many studies, mostly performed under piglet digestive conditions, have shown the beneficial effects of probiotics on ETEC by interfering with their survival, virulence or adhesion to mucosa, underlying mechanisms remain unclear...
January 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973989/prospective-randomized-controlled-study-on-the-effects-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-cncm-i-745-and-amoxicillin-clavulanate-or-the-combination-on-the-gut-microbiota-of-healthy-volunteers
#19
Toufic A Kabbani, Kumar Pallav, Scot E Dowd, Javier Villafuerte-Galvez, Rohini R Vanga, Natalia E Castillo, Joshua Hansen, Melinda Dennis, Daniel A Leffler, Ciarán P Kelly
Probiotics are believed to be beneficial in maintaining a healthy gut microbiota whereas antibiotics are known to induce dysbiosis. This study aimed to examine the effects of the probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 (SB), the antibiotic Amoxicillin-Clavulanate (AC) and the combination on the microbiota and symptoms of healthy humans. Healthy subjects were randomized to one of four study groups: SB for 14 days, AC for 7 days, SB plus AC, Control (no treatment). Participants gave stool samples and completed gastro-intestinal symptom questionnaires...
December 14, 2016: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938673/a-canine-specific-probiotic-product-in-treating-acute-or-intermittent-diarrhea-in-dogs-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-efficacy-study
#20
Carlos Gómez-Gallego, Jouni Junnila, Sofia Männikkö, Pirkko Hämeenoja, Elisa Valtonen, Seppo Salminen, Shea Beasley
A double-blind placebo-controlled intervention study on 60 dogs recruited from a pool of canine patients visiting a veterinary practice and diagnosed with acute diarrhea was conducted. The dogs received in randomized manner either a sour-milk product containing three canine-derived Lactobacillus sp. probiotics in combination of Lactobacillus fermentum VET 9A, L. rhamnosus VET 16A, and L. plantarum VET 14A (2×10(9)cfu/ml), or placebo. Stool consistency, general well-being, and the numbers of specific pathogens in stool samples were analyzed...
December 25, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
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