keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

diarrhea and probiotics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901556/universal-recommendations-for-the-management-of-acute-diarrhea-in-non-malnourished-children
#1
Alfredo Guarino, Andrea Lo Vecchio, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Dario Bruzzese, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Ilaria Liguoro, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu
OBJECTIVES: Despite a substantial consistency in recommendations for the management of children with acute gastroenteritis (AGE), a high variability in clinical practice and a high rate of inappropriate medical interventions persist in both developing and developed countries.Aim of this study was to develop a set of clinical recommendations for the management of non-severely malnourished children with AGE to be applied worldwide. METHODS: The Federation of International Societies of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) Working Group (WG) selected care protocols on the management of acute diarrhea in infants and children aged between 1 month and 18 years...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868585/strain-specificity-and-disease-specificity-of-probiotic-efficacy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Lynne V McFarland, Charlesnika T Evans, Ellie J C Goldstein
Background: As the use and diversity of probiotic products expands, the choice of an appropriate type of probiotic is challenging for both medical care professionals and the public alike. Two vital factors in choosing the appropriate probiotic are often ignored, namely, the probiotic strain-specificity and disease-specificity for efficacy. Reviews and meta-analyses often pool together different types of probiotics, resulting in misleading conclusions of efficacy. Methods: A systematic review of the literature (1970-2017) assessing strain-specific and disease-specific probiotic efficacy was conducted...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868005/-bacteroides-fragilis-protects-against-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-in-rats-by-modulating-intestinal-defenses
#3
Wendi Zhang, Bo Zhu, Jiahui Xu, Yangyang Liu, Enqi Qiu, Zhijun Li, Zhengchao Li, Yan He, Hongwei Zhou, Yang Bai, Fachao Zhi
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) is iatrogenic diarrhea characterized by disruption of the gut microbiota. Probiotics are routinely used to treat AAD in clinical practice; however, the effectiveness and mechanisms by which probiotics alleviate symptoms remain poorly understood. We previously isolated a non-toxic Bacteroides fragilis strain ZY-312, which has been verified to be beneficial in certain infection disorders. However, the precise role of this commensal bacterium in AAD is unknown. In this study, we successfully established an AAD rat model by exposing rats to appropriate antibiotics...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867884/-lactobacillus-casei-variety-rhamnosus-probiotic-preventively-attenuates-5-fluorouracil-oxaliplatin-induced-intestinal-injury-in-a-syngeneic-colorectal-cancer-model
#4
Ching-Wei Chang, Chia-Yuan Liu, Hung-Chang Lee, Yen-Hua Huang, Li-Hui Li, Jen-Shiu Chiang Chiau, Tsang-En Wang, Cheng-Hsin Chu, Shou-Chuan Shih, Tung-Hu Tsai, Yu-Jen Chen
Adjuvant 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy, including FOLFOX (5-FU, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin), is recommended for colorectal cancer. However, intestinal mucositis remains a common adverse effect for which no effective preventive strategies are available. To develop a convenient and novel way to alleviate mucositis, we investigated the effect of Lactobacillus casei variety rhamnosus ( Lcr35 ) on FOLFOX-induced mucosal injury. BALB/c mice subcutaneously injected with syngeneic CT26 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells were orally administered Lcr35 daily before, during, and after 5-day injection of FOLFOX regimen, for 14 days...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806133/probiotic-supplementation-improves-reproductive-performance-of-unvaccinated-farmed-sows-infected-with-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus
#5
Takamitsu Tsukahara, Takio Inatomi, Konosuke Otomaru, Masaaki Amatatsu, Gustavo A Romero-Pérez, Ryo Inoue
We investigated if probiotic supplementation could improve the health and reproductive performance of unvaccinated lactating sows infected with porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) virus. Twenty unvaccinated pregnant sows were equally allocated to probiotic-supplemented (P) and control (C) groups. For the experiment, 15 g/day of probiotic compound BIO-THREE PZ was given to P sows. Reproductive performance was checked daily. The number of neonates fostered by each sow was maintained at eight throughout the experiment...
May 27, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802478/anti-infectious-properties-of-the-probiotic-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-cncm-i-3856-on-enterotoxigenic-e-coli-etec-strain-h10407
#6
C Roussel, A Sivignon, A de Vallée, G Garrait, S Denis, V Tsilia, N Ballet, P Vandekerckove, T Van de Wiele, N Barnich, S Blanquet-Diot
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are major food-borne pathogens responsible for traveler's diarrhea. The production of adhesins and the secretion of enterotoxins constitute the major virulence traits of the bacteria. Treatments are mainly symptomatic and can involve antibiotherapy. However, given the rise of antibiotic resistance worldwide, there is an urgent need for the development of new preventive strategies for the control of ETEC infections. Among them, a promising approach is the use of probiotics...
May 25, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801486/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-of-a-multi-strain-probiotic-formulation-bio-kult%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#7
Shamsuddin M Ishaque, S M Khosruzzaman, Dewan Saifuddin Ahmed, Mukesh Prasad Sah
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence supports the view that an imbalance of gut bacteria contributes to IBS, and that increasing the mass of beneficial species may reduce the numbers of pathogenic bacteria and help alleviate symptoms. METHODS: In this double-blind trial 400 adult patients with moderate-to-severe symptomatic diarrhea-predominant IBS (IBS-D) were randomized to treatment with the multi-strain probiotic Bio-Kult® (14 different bacterial strains) or placebo for 16 weeks...
May 25, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783653/avian-influenza-virus-subtype-h9n2-affects-intestinal-microbiota-barrier-structure-injury-and-inflammatory-intestinal-disease-in-the-chicken-ileum
#8
Hongxin Li, Xiaolin Liu, Feiyang Chen, Kejing Zuo, Che Wu, Yiming Yan, Weiguo Chen, Wencheng Lin, Qingmei Xie
Avian influenza virus subtype H9N2 (H9N2 AIV) has caused significant losses to the poultry industry due to the high mortality associated with secondary infections attributable to E. coli . This study tries to address the underlying secondary mechanisms after H9N2 AIV infection. Initially, nine day-old specific pathogen-free chickens were assigned to control (uninfected) and H9N2-infected groups, respectively. Using Illumina sequencing, histological examination, and quantitative real-time PCR, it was found that H9N2 AIV caused intestinal microbiota disorder, injury, and inflammatory damage to the intestinal mucosa...
May 18, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782464/use-of-probiotics-in-the-prevention-of-nosocomial-infections
#9
Ivana Trivić, Iva Hojsak
Nosocomial, hospital-acquired or health care-associated infections occur worldwide, affecting both developed and developing countries. This results in a prolonged hospital stay, increased antimicrobial resistance, increased mortality rate, and significant financial burden on the health care system. Routine preventive measures have led to the decrease in infection spreading; however, it cannot successfully prevent all of them, making a place for the development of new strategies, including probiotics. The aim of this review was to summarize available evidence of the role of probiotics in the prevention of nosocomial infections in children...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767090/combined-effects-of-chitosan-and-microencapsulated-enterococcus-faecalis-cg1-0007-probiotic-supplementation-on-performance-and-diarrhea-incidences-in-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-k88-challenged-piglets
#10
Kolawole Aluko, Deepak E Velayudhan, Ehsan Khafipour, Aike Li, Yulong Yin, Martin Nyachoti
The aim of this study was to investigate the combined effects of chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) and a microencapsulated Enterococcus faecalis CG1.0007 probiotic (PRO) on growth performance and diarrhea incidences in enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) K88+ challenged piglets in a 14-d study. Thirty piglets, 7.19 ± 0.52 kg initial BW weaned at 21 ± 1 d, were allotted to 5 treatment groups ( n =  6) consisting of a corn-soybean meal diet with no additive (negative control, NC), NC + 0.25% chlortetracycline (positive control, PC), NC + 400 mg/kg COS (COS), NC + 100 mg/kg PRO (PRO) and NC + a combination of COS and PRO (CPRO)...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767089/using-probiotics-to-improve-swine-gut-health-and-nutrient-utilization
#11
REVIEW
Shengfa F Liao, Martin Nyachoti
To maintain a healthy gut is definitely key for a pig to digest and absorb dietary nutrients efficiently. A balanced microbiota (i.e., a healthy micro-ecosystem) is an indispensable constituent of a healthy gut. Probiotics, the live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer good health benefits onto the host, are a category of feed additives that can be used to replenish the gut microbial population while recuperating the host immune system. Besides their antitoxin and diarrhea reduction effects, dietary supplementation of probiotics can improve gut health, nutrient digestibilities and, therefore, benefit nutrient utilization and growth performance of pigs...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765579/antagonistic-effect-of-isolated-probiotic-bacteria-from-natural-sources-against-intestinal-escherichia-coli-pathotypes
#12
Sahar Karimi, Ehsan Rashidian, Mehdi Birjandi, Leila Mahmoodnia
Background: Probiotics are live microorganisms which are beneficial bacteria that are normal flora of the digestive system which, in determined amounts, show beneficial effects on host health, and can balance gastrointestinal microflora. Digestive tract diseases such as diarrhea are one of the major causes of child mortality in developing countries. Different pathotypes of Escherichia coli cause diarrhea that affects children, therefore reduction of these colonization strains in humans or animals can decline gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701662/feasibility-of-a-lactobacillus-casei-drink-in-the-intensive-care-unit-for-prevention-of-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-and-clostridium-difficile
#13
Cathy Alberda, Sam Marcushamer, Tayne Hewer, Nicole Journault, Demetrios Kutsogiannis
Background: Over 70% of patients are prescribed antibiotics during their intensive care (ICU) admission. The gut microbiome is dramatically altered early in an ICU stay, increasing the risk for antibiotic associated diarrhea (AAD) and Clostridium difficile infections (CDI). Evidence suggests that some probiotics are effective in the primary prevention of AAD and CDI. Aim: To demonstrate safety and feasibility of a probiotic drink in ICU patients. Methods: ICU patients initiated on antibiotics were recruited, and matched with contemporary controls...
April 26, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610559/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial-that-breast-milk-derived-lactobacillus-gasseri-bnr17-mitigated-diarrhea-dominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#14
Suk Pyo Shin, Yoon Mi Choi, Won Hee Kim, Sung Pyo Hong, Jong-Min Park, Joohee Kim, Oran Kwon, Eun Hyun Lee, Ki Baik Hahm
The exact pathogenesis of diarrhea-dominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not known, but the abnormal microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract is considered to be one of the important contributing factors as in other gastrointestinal diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and colorectal cancer as well as systemic diseases. Though diverse trials of probiotics had been continued in the treatment of diarrhea-IBS, only a few proved by randomized clinical trial. To prove the efficacy of Lactobacillus gasseri BNR17 isolated from breast milk in patients with diarrhea-IBS, prospective, randomized, placebo controlled clinical trial was done including health related-quality of life analysis, colon transit time, and the changes of fecal microbiota...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544579/clinical-efficacy-comparison-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-and-lactic-acid-as-probiotics-in-acute-pediatric-diarrhea
#15
Shakila Asmat, Fouzia Shaukat, Raheela Asmat, Hafiz Faiq Siddique Gul Bakhat, Tauseef M Asmat
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of Saccharomyces boulardii and lactic acid producing probiotics in addition to usual treatment regimen to cure diarrhea among children (6 months to 5 years of age). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Pediatrics, Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore, from February to July 2015. METHODOLOGY: Children suffering from acute diarrhea were orally administered Saccharomyces boulardii and lactic acid producing probiotics for 5 days...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528207/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children
#16
Abdul Waheed, Michael Malone, Samiullah Samiullah
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common among children and cause tremendous distress for patients and families. Family physicians should know how to diagnose and manage some of the more common childhood FGIDs. These include infant regurgitation, infant colic, infant dyschezia, cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional nausea and vomiting, functional diarrhea and constipation, abdominal migraine, and nonspecific functional abdominal pain. Diagnosis requires a thorough history and physical examination to rule out red flag signs and symptoms for structural or organic etiologies...
March 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528206/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-functional-lower-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-adults
#17
Michael Malone, Abdul Waheed, Samiullah Samiullah
Functional lower gastrointestinal disorders include irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation, functional fecal incontinence, and functional anorectal pain. These disorders are common and have significant medical and social effects. They also can be challenging to manage. Patients with mild symptoms may benefit from lifestyle modification. IBS is classified into two subtypes: diarrhea-predominant and constipation-predominant. Depending on the IBS subtype and its likely etiology, patients may benefit from treatment with antispasmodics, antidepressants, guanylate cyclase-C agonists, chloride channel activators, antidiarrheal agents, probiotics, and/or antibiotics...
March 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511547/comparative-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-probiotics-for-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-systematic-review-with-network-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Jiayi Cai, Chunyang Zhao, Yajie Du, Yaqiong Zhang, Mingyi Zhao, Qingchun Zhao
Background: Probiotics are commonly used for the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD). However, the optimum regimen remains controversial. Objective: The objective of this article is to compare and rank the relative efficacy and tolerability among all available probiotic agents for AAD through a network meta-analysis. Methods: Eligible studies were identified by searching PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane library and Web of Science for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that examined the efficacy of probiotic therapy for AAD...
March 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508268/effect-of-a-preparation-of-four-probiotics-on-symptoms-of-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-association-with-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth
#19
Konstantinos Leventogiannis, Paraskevas Gkolfakis, Georgios Spithakis, Aikaterini Tsatali, Aikaterini Pistiki, Athanasios Sioulas, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Konstantinos Triantafyllou
The effect of probiotics on small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has never been studied so far. In this prospective trial, five patients with IBS and SIBO and 21 patients with IBS without SIBO were administered an oral capsule containing Saccharomyces boulardii, Bifidobacterium lactis, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Lactobacillus plantarum (Lactolevure® ) every 12 h for 30 days. SIBO was defined by quantitative culture of the third part of the duodenum; IBS was defined by the Rome III criteria...
March 5, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472903/bile-salt-hydrolase-activities-a-novel-target-to-screen-anti-giardia-lactobacilli
#20
Thibault Allain, Soraya Chaouch, Myriam Thomas, Marie-Agnès Travers, Isabelle Valle, Philippe Langella, Philippe Grellier, Bruno Polack, Isabelle Florent, Luis G Bermúdez-Humarán
Giardia duodenalis is a protozoan parasite responsible for giardiasis, a disease characterized by intestinal malabsorption, diarrhea and abdominal pain in a large number of mammal species. Giardiasis is one of the most common intestinal parasitic diseases in the world and thus a high veterinary, and public health concern. It is well-established that some probiotic bacteria may confer protection against this parasite in vitro and in vivo and we recently documented the implication of bile-salt hydrolase (BSH)-like activities from strain La1 of Lactobacillus johnsonii as mediators of these effects in vitro ...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
keyword
keyword
110434
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"