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diarrhea and probiotics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202875/postoperative-changes-of-the-microbiome-are-surgical-complications-related-to-the-gut-flora-a-systematic-review
#1
Ann-Kathrin Lederer, Przemyslaw Pisarski, Lampros Kousoulas, Stefan Fichtner-Feigl, Carolin Hess, Roman Huber
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to identify the relationship between the gut microbiome and the development of postoperative complications like anastomotic leakage or a wound infection. Recent reviews focusing on underlying molecular biology suggested that postoperative complications might be influenced by the patients' gut flora. Therefore, a review focusing on the available clinical data is needed. METHODS: In January 2017 a systematic search was carried out in Medline and WebOfScience to identify all clinical studies, which investigated postoperative complications after gastrointestinal surgery in relation to the microbiome of the gut...
December 4, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201766/are-synbiotics-added-to-the-standard-therapy-to-eradicate-helicobacter-pylori-in-children-beneficial-a-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Banu N Şirvan, Merve K Usta, Nurav U Kizilkan, Nafive Urganci
Aim: We aimed to evaluate the role of the addition of Bifidobacterium /actis-containing synbiotic to the triple therapy in the case of He/icobacter py/ori eradication, the dyspeptic symptoms, and reducing the side effects of antibiotics. Materials and methods: A total of 104 children aged between 5 and 17 years, who were histopathologically diagnosed with H. py/ori were enrolled in this study, of whom 100 were included in the analysis. Patients were randomly classified into two groups...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170638/volatile-oil-from-amomi-fructus-attenuates-5-fluorouracil-induced-intestinal-mucositis
#3
Ting Zhang, Shan H Lu, Qian Bi, Li Liang, Yan F Wang, Xing X Yang, Wen Gu, Jie Yu
Amomi Fructus has been used to treat digestive diseases in the context of traditional Chinese medicine, so we evaluated the effects of a volatile oil from Amomum villosum (VOA) on intestinal mucositis induced by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). We measured the effect of VOA and its main active constituent, bornyl acetate (BA), on body weight, food intake, diarrhea, inflammatory cytokines, the mucosal barrier, and gut microbiota. VOA and BA significantly increased the rats' body weight, relieved diarrhea, and reversed histopathological changes in the gut and inflammation...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161712/clostridium-difficile-infection-in-the-nephrology-ward
#4
Sylwia Dudzicz, Marcin Adamczak, Andrzej Więcek
Clostridium difficile is currently the most frequently identified pathogen causing antibiotic-associated diarrhea and the main cause of nosocomial diarrhea. In recent years, increases incidence of infection, severe infection, recurrent infection and mortality from Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) have been observed. This may be a consequence of excessive antibiotic use and spread of the hypervirulent epidemic BI/NAP1/027 strain of Clostridium difficile. The main risk factors for CDI are: antibiotic therapy, previous hospitalizations and number of comorbid conditions...
November 21, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151426/-effects-of-antibiotics-on-intestinal-microflora-and-intestinal-mucosal-barrier-function-and-its-mechanisms
#5
Yue Han, Yuxin Leng, Gaiqi Yao
Antibiotics are the cornerstone to cure infectious diseases, however, it also destroys the intestinal inherent microflora, and may cause serious gastrointestinal dysfunction, such as abdominal distension, diarrhea, mucosal barrier damage etc. In severe conditions, it may induce intestinal sepsis. With the development of the human microbiology group program and the popularity of microbial sequencing technology, people can comprehend the effects of antibiotics on intestinal flora deeply, meanwhile the traditional biomedical model (the basis of bacterial disease) is questioned...
November 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135456/probiotics-and-their-use-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
Muhammad Amer, Muhammad Nadeem, Saeed Ur Rashid Nazir, Maira Fakhar, Fatima Abid, Qurat-Ul Ain, Elliyah Asif
Context • Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis result in similar gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, including pain, diarrhea, stools with mucus or blood, and ulceration or tissue damage within the alimentary canal. Gut microbiota play a crucial role in triggering, maintaining, and exacerbating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Probiotics might help to rebalance the gut flora in a positive way, shifting from pro- to anti-inflammatory. Objectives • The study intended to investigate the safety and use of probiotics and the biological effects of probiotic bacteria on IBD...
November 14, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127772/interventions-for-treating-collagenous-colitis
#7
REVIEW
Tahir S Kafil, Tran M Nguyen, Petrease H Patton, John K MacDonald, Nilesh Chande, John Wd McDonald
BACKGROUND: Collagenous colitis is a cause of chronic diarrhea. This updated review was performed to identify therapies for collagenous colitis that have been assessed in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the benefits and harms of treatments for collagenous colitis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, the Cochrane IBD Group Specialized Register, MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception to 7 November 2016...
November 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121702/preventive-effects-of-a-probiotic-mixture-in-an-ovalbumin-induced-food-allergy-model
#8
Hee-Soon Shin, Ji-Eun Eom, Dong-Uk Shin, Sung-Hum Yeon, Seong-Il Lim, So-Young Lee
Although there has been a steady increase in the prevalence of food allergies worldwide in recent decades, no effective therapeutic strategies have been developed. Modulation of the gut microbiota composition and/or function through probiotics has been highlighted as a promising target for protection against food allergies. In this study, we aimed to investigate the allergy-reducing effects of a probiotic mixture (P5: Lactococcus lactis KF140, Pediococcus pentosaceus KF159, Lactobacillus pentosus KF340, Lactobacillus paracasei 698, and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 26N) in mice with ovalbumin (OVA)-induced food allergy...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120854/the-protective-effects-of-bacillus-licheniformis-preparation-on-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-inflammation-induced-by-radiotherapy-in-pediatric-with-central-nervous-system-tumor
#9
Shu-Xu Du, Yong-Rui Jia, Si-Qi Ren, Xiao-Jun Gong, Hong Tang, Wu Wan-Shui, Sun Li-Ming
PURPOSE: we studied the effect of Bacillus licheniformis preparation (ZCS) on CNST (central nervous system tumor) patients undergoing the gastrointestinal symptoms and inflammation induced by radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 160 CNST patients with craniospinal irradiation (CSI) treatment were divided into experiment and control group. The experiment group patients took one capsule per time of ZCS and three times a day until the end of radiotherapy, starting one day before radiotherapy...
November 6, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110293/evaluation-of-streptococcus-thermophilus-iffi-6038-microcapsules-prepared-using-an-ultra-fine-particle-processing-system
#10
Huanbin Zhou, Shunyi Li, Yao Chen, Qian Zhang, Xuequn Bai, Chune Zhu, Hu Liu, Lili Wang, Chuanyu Wu, Xin Pan, Chuanbin Wu
Microencapsulation technology has the potential to protect probiotics and to deliver them to the gut, and extrusion is one of the most commonly used methods. However, the rather large diameters of 1~5 mm produced tend to cause oral grittiness and result in low compliance. In this article, Streptococcus thermophilus IFFI 6038 (IFFI 6038) microcapsules were prepared using an ultra-fine particle processing system (UPPS) previously developed by this research group. IFFI 6038 suspension was pumped by a peristaltic pump to the feeding inlet nozzle and then dispersed into micro-droplets by a rotating disk, followed by solidification...
November 6, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072432/effectiveness-of-7-day-and-14-day-moxifloxacin-dexlansoprazole-based-triple-therapy-and-probiotic-supplement-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-in-thai-patients-with-non-ulcer-dyspepsia-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#11
Peranart Chotivitayatarakorn, Varocha Mahachai, Ratha-Korn Vilaichone
Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is important cause of peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. Moxifloxacin is effective antibiotic for treatment for H. pylori. However, there were limited studies as first line therapy. Probiotics had been shown to decrease therapy-related side-effect and increase eradication rate. Aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of moxifloxacin-dexlansoprazole based triple therapy with probiotic for H. pylori treatment in Thailand. Methods: Patients with H. pylori infected gastritis were randomized to receive 7- or 14-day moxifloxacin-dexlansoprazole based triple therapy with probiotic or placebo...
October 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069041/effects-of-fiber-and-probiotics-on-diarrhea-associated-with-enteral-nutrition-in-gastric-cancer-patients-a-prospective-randomized-and-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rui Zhao, Yong Wang, Yuqian Huang, Yaping Cui, Lin Xia, Zhiyong Rao, Yong Zhou, Xiaoting Wu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diarrhea is a common complication of enteral nutrition (EN), which affects recovery and prolongs the length of hospital stay (LOHS). To investigate the effect of fiber and probiotics in reducing diarrhea associated with EN in postoperative patients with gastric cancer (GC), the authors designed this prospective randomized-controlled trial. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study included 120 patients with GC, and the patients were classified into 3 groups via random picking of envelopes: fiber-free nutrition formula (FF group, n = 40), fiber-enriched nutrition formula (FE group, n = 40), and fiber- and probiotic-enriched nutrition formula (FEP group, n = 40)...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068402/oral-delivery-of-probiotics-expressing-dendritic-cell-targeting-peptide-fused-with-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-coe-antigen-a-promising-vaccine-strategy-against-pedv
#13
Xiaona Wang, Li Wang, Xuewei Huang, Sunting Ma, Meiling Yu, Wen Shi, Xinyuan Qiao, Lijie Tang, Yigang Xu, Yijing Li
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), an enteric coronavirus, is the causative agent of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) that damages intestinal epithelial cells and results in severe diarrhea and dehydration in neonatal suckling pigs with up to 100% mortality. The oral vaccine route is reported as a promising approach for inducing protective immunity against PEDV invasion. Furthermore, dendritic cells (DCs), professional antigen-presenting cells, link humoral and cellular immune responses for homeostasis of the intestinal immune environment...
October 25, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062279/probiotics-for-preventing-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients-a-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis
#14
Hong Weng, Jian-Guo Li, Zhi Mao, Ying Feng, Chao-Yang Wang, Xue-Qun Ren, Xian-Tao Zeng
Background and Objective: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in mechanically ventilated patients. The efficacy of the probiotics for preventing VAP is still controversial. Present study was conducted to comprehensively evaluate the effect of probiotics on VAP prevention in mechanically ventilated patients. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and CENTRAL were searched up to September 2016. Eligible trials designed with randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing probiotics with control in mechanically ventilated patients were included...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026729/probiotics-in-children-what-is-the-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Iva Hojsak
The number of papers discussing probiotics increases tremendously that limits the possibility for primary care physicians and clinicians to stay updated. Therefore, the aim of this paper will be to summarize available evidence of probiotic use in well-defined clinical indications of importance for pediatricians. Based on currently available evidence certain probiotic strains (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG [LGG] and Saccharomyces boulardii) have proven effect in the treatment of acute gastroenteritis and prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhea...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023420/probiotics-for-the-prevention-of-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-in-outpatients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Sara Blaabjerg, Daniel Maribo Artzi, Rune Aabenhus
A common adverse effect of antibiotic use is diarrhea. Probiotics are living microorganisms, which, upon oral ingestion, may prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) by the normalization of an unbalanced gastrointestinal flora. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the benefits and harms of probiotics used for the prevention of AAD in an outpatient setting. A search of the PubMed database was conducted and yielded a total of 17 RCTs with 3631 participants to be included in the review. A meta-analysis was conducted for the primary outcome: the incidence of AAD...
October 12, 2017: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991918/rapid-enteric-testing-to-permit-targeted-antimicrobial-therapy-with-and-without-lactobacillus-reuteri-probiotics-for-paediatric-acute-diarrhoeal-disease-in-botswana-a-pilot-randomized-factorial-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jeffrey M Pernica, Andrew P Steenhoff, Margaret Mokomane, Banno Moorad, Kwana Lechiile, Marek Smieja, Loeto Mazhani, Ji Cheng, Matthew S Kelly, Mark Loeb, Ketil Stordal, David M Goldfarb
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoeal disease is the second-leading cause of death in young children. Current guidelines recommend treating children with acute non-bloody diarrhea with oral rehydration solutions and zinc, but not antimicrobials. However, in many resource-limited settings, infections with treatable enteric bacterial and protozoan pathogens are common. Probiotics have shown promise as an adjunct treatment for diarrhoea but have not been studied in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We conducted a pilot, factorial, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of children aged 2-60 months hospitalized in Botswana for acute non-bloody diarrhoea...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986192/effect-of-antibiotics-for-infectious-diarrhea-on-the-duration-of%C3%A2-hospitalization-a-retrospective-cohort-study-at-a-single-center%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-japan-from-2012-to-2015
#18
Yosuke Sasaki, Yoshitaka Murakami, Hiroaki Zai, Hitoshi Nakajima, Yoshihisa Urita
OBJECTIVE: Routine empirical antimicrobial therapy for patients with infectious diarrhea is not recommended in general practice. Conversely, prescription of empirical antibiotics for hospitalized patients remains controversial due to a lack of studies providing evidence for its benefits. Thus, this study aimed to examine whether empirical antimicrobial therapy would shorten the hospitalization duration for infectious diarrhea patients. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective cohort study was performed at the Department of General Medicine and Emergency Care, Toho University Medical Center Omori Hospital, using medical records...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977299/saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fungemia-in-a-pediatric-patient-after-treatment-with-probiotics
#19
Mariá Ribas Romanio, Ligia Augusto Coraine, Vinicius Pignoti Maielo, Marcelo Luiz Abramczyc, Renato Lopes de Souza, Nilton Ferraro Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a one-year-old patient with a bloodstream infection associated with probiotics, and to discuss the indications and precautions concerning the therapeutic use of probiotics. CASE DESCRIPTION: A one-year-old male patient with Down syndrome in a late postoperative period of congenital cardiac disease correction. The patient was severely malnourished and had been hospitalized since he was two months old in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952896/gastrointestinal-prophylaxis-in-sports-medicine
#20
Akash R Patel, Daniel Oheb, Tracy L Zaslow
CONTEXT: Because sports participation at all levels often requires international travel, coaches, athletic trainers, and team physicians must effectively protect athletes from gastrointestinal infections. Traveler's diarrhea is the most common travel-related illness and can significantly interfere with training and performance. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of relevant publications was completed using PubMed and Google Scholar. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
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