keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chicory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011163/lactucopicrin-potentiates-neuritogenesis-and-neurotrophic-effects-by-regulating-ca-2-camkii-atf1-signaling-pathway
#1
Ramu Venkatesan, Won-Sik Shim, Eui-Ju Yeo, Sun Yeou Kim
ETHNO-PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lactucopicrin is one of constitutes in Cichorium intybus L, which is commonly known as chicory in worldwide. It has been used for traditional usage such as antianalgesics, antidepressants and antihyperglycemics. AIM OF STUDY: We investigated the neurotrophin-mediated neuroprotective effect of lactucopicrin in in vitro and examined for the underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHOD: To verify the neuroprotective effect of lactucopicrin, we investigated the inhibitory AChE activity, neurite outgrowth-related downstream signaling in murine neuroblastoma N2a and neurotrophins secretion in rat C6 glioma cells...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003341/chicoric-acid-supplementation-prevents-systemic-inflammation-induced-memory-impairment-and-amyloidogenesis-via-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#2
Qian Liu, Yuwei Chen, Chun Shen, Yating Xiao, Yutang Wang, Zhigang Liu, Xuebo Liu
Chicoric acid (CA), a natural phenolic acid extracted from chicory and the echinacea (purple coneflower) plant (Echinacea purpurea), has been regarded as a nutraceutical that has powerful antioxidant and antiobesity activities. We investigated the inhibitory effects of CA on systemic inflammation-induced neuroinflammation, amyloidogenesis, and cognitive impairment. C57BL/6J mice were treated with 0.05% CA in the drinking water for 45 d. The mice were then treated by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (lipopolysaccharide)...
December 21, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002939/chicoric-acid-ameliorates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-oxidative-stress-via-promoting-keap1-nrf2-transcriptional-signaling-pathway-in-bv-2-microglial-cells-and-mice-brain
#3
Qian Liu, Yaya Hu, Youfang Cao, Ge Song, Zhigang Liu, Xuebo Liu
As a major nutraceutical component of a typical Mediterranean vegetable chicory, chicoric acid (CA) has been well-documented due to its excellent antioxidant and anti-obesity bioactivities. In current study, the effects of CA on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated oxidative stress in BV-2 microglia and C57BL/6J mouse and underlying molecular mechanisms were investigated. Results demonstrated that CA significantly reversed LPS-elicited cell viability decrease, mitochondrial dysfunction, activation of NFκB and MAPK stress pathway, and inflammation responses via balancing cellular redox-status...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994611/linking-expression-of-fructan-active-enzymes-cell-wall-invertases-and-sucrose-transporters-with-fructan-profiles-in-growing-taproot-of-chicory-cichorium-intybus-impact-of-hormonal-and-environmental-cues
#4
Hongbin Wei, Anja Bausewein, Heike Steininger, Tao Su, Hongbo Zhao, Karsten Harms, Steffen Greiner, Thomas Rausch
In chicory taproot, the inulin-type fructans serve as carbohydrate reserve. Inulin metabolism is mediated by fructan active enzymes (FAZYs): sucrose:sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase (1-SST; fructan synthesis), fructan:fructan-1-fructosyltransferase (1-FFT; fructan synthesis and degradation), and fructan 1-exohydrolases (1-FEH1/2a/2b; fructan degradation). In developing taproot, fructan synthesis is affected by source-to-sink sucrose transport and sink unloading. In the present study, expression of FAZYs, sucrose transporter and CWI isoforms, vacuolar invertase and sucrose synthase was determined in leaf blade, petiole and taproot of young chicory plants (taproot diameter: 2 cm) and compared with taproot fructan profiles for the following scenarios: (i) N-starvation, (ii) abscisic acid (ABA) treatment, (iii) ethylene treatment (via 1-aminoyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid [ACC]), and (iv) cold treatment...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939668/hexavalent-chromium-availability-and-phytoremediation-potential-of-cichorium-spinosum-as-affect-by-manure-zeolite-and-soil-ageing
#5
Vasileios Antoniadis, Theologos Polyzois, Evaggelia E Golia, Spyridon A Petropoulos
Cichorium spinosum (spiny chicory) is a wild edible vegetable, and a possible suitable species for Cr(VI)-phytoremediation. There are three approaches for altering Cr(VI) dynamics: reduction to Cr(III) by organic matter addition, soil ageing, and Cr(VI) retention by high binding capacity materials added to soil, e.g., zeolite. Our aim was to assess spiny chicory as a phytoremediation species in relation to these three methods of altering Cr(VI) soil dynamics. There were 5 treatments: control (C); soil with 100 mg kg(-1) Cr(VI) (S); soil with zeolite plus 100 mg kg(-1) Cr(VI) (Z); soil with manure plus 100 mg kg(-1) Cr(VI) (M); and soil added with 100 mg kg(-1) Cr(VI) one year before this experiment (AS, "aged soil")...
December 8, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877190/insights-into-the-sesquiterpenoid-pathway-by-metabolic-profiling-and-de-novo-transcriptome-assembly-of-stem-chicory-cichorium-intybus-cultigroup-catalogna
#6
Giulio Testone, Giovanni Mele, Elisabetta Di Giacomo, Maria Gonnella, Massimiliano Renna, Gian Carlo Tenore, Chiara Nicolodi, Giovanna Frugis, Maria Adelaide Iannelli, Giuseppe Arnesi, Alessandro Schiappa, Donato Giannino
Stem-chicory of the "Catalogna" group is a vegetable consumed for bitter-flavored stems. Type and levels of bitter sesquiterpene lactones (STLs) participate in conferring bitterness in vegetables. The content of lactucin-and lactucopocrin-like STLs was higher in "Molfettese" than "Galatina" landrace stalks, regardless of the cultivation sites, consistently with bitterness scores and gustative differences. The "Galatina" transcriptome assembly resulted in 58,872 unigenes, 77% of which were annotated, paving the way to molecular investigation of the STL pathway...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859709/dietary-chicory-root-and-chicory-inulin-trigger-changes-in-energetic-metabolism-stress-prevention-and-cytoskeletal-proteins-in-the-liver-of-growing-pigs-a-proteomic-study
#7
A Lepczyński, A Herosimczyk, M Ożgo, M Marynowska, M Pawlikowska, M Barszcz, M Taciak, J Skomiał
Currently, a wide array of plant preparations exerting health-promoting properties are commonly used as feed additives. Among them, Cichorium intybus L. have gained considerable attention as a source of compounds showing prebiotic character. Large body of evidence suggests that products of prebiotic fermentation (short-chain fatty acids) may influence the expression of genes encoding liver enzymes involved in the regulation of energetic metabolism. Given the above, the present study was aimed at estimating the influence of a diet supplemented with chicory root or water extract of chicory inulin on liver proteome in growing pigs...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846769/effect-of-cichorium-intybus-l-seed-extract-on-renal-parameters-in-experimentally-induced-early-and-late-diabetes-type-2-in-rats
#8
Yasin Pourfarjam, Lotfollah Rezagholizadeh, Azin Nowrouzi, Alipasha Meysamie, Sarah Ghaseminejad, Nasrin Ziamajidi, Davood Norouzi
Blood and urine biochemistry screening tests are important for initial detection of diabetes, determination of severity of its complications, and monitoring of therapy. We evaluated the effects of aqueous chicory seed extract (CSE), on renal biochemical parameters, histology, and Na+/glucose cotansporters, SGLT1 and SGLT2 expression levels using metformin, and aspirin as controls. Late stage type 2 diabetes (LT2D; FBS, >300 mg/dl) and early stage type 2 diabetes (ET2D; FBS, 140-220 mg/dl) were induced in rats by streptozotocin (STZ group) and a combination of STZ and niacinamide (NIA/STZ group), respectively...
November 16, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702710/fructans-in-the-first-1000-days-of-life-and-beyond-and-for-pregnancy
#9
REVIEW
Agus Firmansyah, Nalinee Chongviriyaphan, Drupadi Hs Dillon, Nguyen Cong Khan, Tatsuya Morita, Kraisid Tontisirin, Le Danh Tuyen, Weiping Wang, Jacques Bindels, Paul Deurenberg, Sherlin Ong, Jo Hautvast, Diederick Meyer, Elaine E Vaughan
Inulin-based prebiotics are non-digestible polysaccharides that influence the composition of the gut microbiota in infants and children, notably eliciting a bifidogenic effect with high short chain fatty acid levels. Inulin, a generic term that comprises β-(2,1)-linked linear fructans, is typically isolated from the chicory plant root, and derivatives such as oligofructose and long chain inulin appear to have different physiological properties. The first 1000 days of a child's life are increasingly recognized as a critical timeframe for health also into adulthood, whereby nutrition plays a key role...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699650/integrated-in-vitro-approaches-to-assess-the-bioaccessibility-and-bioavailability-of-silicon-biofortified-leafy-vegetables-and-preliminary-effects-on-bone
#10
Massimiliano D'Imperio, Giacomina Brunetti, Isabella Gigante, Francesco Serio, Pietro Santamaria, Angela Cardinali, Silvia Colucci, Fiorenza Minervini
Food industries are increasingly oriented toward new foods to improve nutritional status and/or to combat nutritional deficiency diseases. In this context, silicon biofortification could be an innovative tool for obtaining new foods with possible positive effects on bone mineralization. In this paper, an alternative and quick in vitro approach was applied in order to evaluate the potential health-promoting effects of five silicon-biofortified leafy vegetables (tatsoi, mizuna, purslane, Swiss chard and chicory) on bone mineralization compared with a commercial silicon supplement...
October 3, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680592/effect-of-chicory-derived-inulin-on-abdominal-sensations-and-bowel-motor-function
#11
Fernando Azpiroz, Laura Molne, Sara Mendez, Adoración Nieto, Chaysavanh Manichanh, Marianela Mego, Anna Accarino, Javier Santos, Manuela Sailer, Stephan Theis, Francisco Guarner
GOAL: To determine the effect of a prebiotic chicory-derived inulin-type fructan on the tolerance of intestinal gas. BACKGROUND: Subjects with gas-related complaints exhibit impaired handling of intestinal gas loads and we hypothesized that inulin would have a beneficial effect. STUDY: Placebo-controlled, parallel, randomized, double-blind trial. Subjects with abdominal symptoms and reduced tolerance of intestinal gas (selected by a pretest) received either inulin (8 g/d, n=18) or maltodextrin as a placebo (8 g/d, n=18) for 4 weeks...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664662/phenolics-antioxidant-capacity-and-bioaccessibility-of-chicory-varieties-cichorium-spp-grown-in-turkey
#12
Yasemin Sahan, Ozan Gurbuz, Metin Guldas, Nurcan Degirmencioglu, Aynur Begenirbas
In this study, the changes in phenolics, anthocyanin, antioxidant capacity, and bioaccessibility of chicory varieties (Cichorium spp.) in Turkey were investigated. A total of 19 phenolic standards were screened in the chicory varieties studied and the most abundant compounds in the samples, extracted with methanol, were phenolic acids, syringic (2.54mg/kg) and trans-ferulic acid (1.85mg/kg), whilst (+)-catechin was the major flavanol. The highest flavanol content using either methanol or ethanol was determined in the green chicory samples (0...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575665/influence-of-cultivation-sites-on-sterol-nitrate-total-phenolic-contents-and-antioxidant-activity-in-endive-and-stem-chicory-edible-products
#13
Francesca D'Acunzo, Donato Giannino, Vincenzo Longo, Marco Ciardi, Giulio Testone, Giovanni Mele, Chiara Nicolodi, Maria Gonnella, Massimiliano Renna, Giuseppe Arnesi, Alessandro Schiappa, Ornella Ursini
Chicories produce a wide range of vegetables with important nutritional value. We determined the variation of sterol, total polyphenol, nitrate contents and antioxidant capacity (SC, TPC, NC, AC) in endive leaves and stem-chicory novel vegetables, cultivated in two Italian regions. Within a given area, the SC was similar in smooth- and curly leafed endives (106.3-176.0 mg/kg FW); sitosterol and stigmasterol were major fractions (45-56 versus 38-43%). The stem SC was independent of landrace (101.5-118.6 mg/kg FW); sitosterol prevailed on stigmasterol and fucosterol (73-76 versus 12-14% versus 8-9%); the latter reached 15...
August 30, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565623/antimicrobial-peptide-resistance-genes-in-the-plant-pathogen-dickeya-dadantii
#14
Caroline Pandin, Martine Caroff, Guy Condemine
: Modification of teichoic acid through the incorporation of d-alanine confers resistance in Gram-positive bacteria to antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). This process involves the products of the dltXABCD genes. These genes are widespread in Gram-positive bacteria, and they are also found in a few Gram-negative bacteria. Notably, these genes are present in all soft-rot enterobacteria (Pectobacterium and Dickeya) whose dltDXBAC operons have been sequenced. We studied the function and regulation of these genes in Dickeya dadantii dltB expression was induced in the presence of the AMP polymyxin...
November 1, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551208/the-morphology-of-the-immature-stages-of-two-rare-lixus-species-coleoptera-curculionidae-lixinae-and-notes-on-their-biology
#15
Filip Trnka, Robert Stejskal, Jiří Skuhrovec
The mature larvae and pupae of Lixus (Ortholixus) bituberculatus Smreczyński, 1968 and Lixus (Dilixellus) neglectus Fremuth, 1983 (Curculionidae: Lixinae: Lixini) are described and compared with known larvae of 21 other Lixus and 2 Hypolixus taxa. The mature larva and pupa of Lixus bituberculatus are the first immature stages described representing the subgenus Ortholixus. The larva of Lixus neglectus, in the subgenus Dilixellus, is distinguished from the known larvae of four species in this subgenus by having more pigmented sclerites on the larval body...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532866/intestinal-sucrase-as-a-novel-target-contributing-to-the-regulation-of-glycemia-by-prebiotics
#16
Audrey M Neyrinck, Barbara Pachikian, Bernard Taminiau, Georges Daube, Raphaël Frédérick, Patrice D Cani, Laure B Bindels, Nathalie M Delzenne
Inulin-type fructans (ITF) are known for their capacity to modulate gut microbiota, energy metabolism and to improve glycemia in several animal models of obesity, and in humans. The potential contribution of ITF as modulators of sugar digestion by host enzymes has not been evaluated yet. A sucrose challenge has been performed on naive mice fed a standard diet supplemented with or without native chicory inulin (Fibruline 5%) for 3 weeks. The area under the curve of glycemia as well as sucrase activity in the small intestine were lowered after inulin treatment...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504711/use-of-nmr-based-metabolomics-to-chemically-characterize-the-roasting-process-of-chicory-root
#17
Feifei Wei, Kazuo Furihata, Mimin Zhang, Takuya Miyakawa, Masaru Tanokura
Roasted chicory root (Cichorium intybus) has been widely accepted as the most important coffee substitute. In this study, a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based comprehensive analysis was performed to monitor the substantial changes in the composition of chicory root during the roasting process. A detailed signal assignment of dried raw and roasted chicory roots was carried out using (1)H, (13)C, (1)H-(1)H DQF-COSY, (1)H-(13)C edited-HSQC, (1)H-(13)C CT-HMBC and (1)H-(13)C HSQC-TOCSY NMR spectra. On the basis of the signal assignments, 36 NMR-visible components were monitored simultaneously during roasting...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499674/effect-of-chicory-fiber-and-smoking-on-quality-characteristics-of-restructured-sausages
#18
Hyun-Su Choi, Hyung-Gyu Choi, Yeong-Seok Choi, Jong-Hee Kim, Ju-Ho Lee, Eun-Hee Jung, Sang-Hwa Lee, Yang-Il Choi, Jung-Seok Choi
UNLABELLED: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of chicory fiber for the replacement of fat and smoking on quality characteristics of restructured sausages. Treatments were as follows; CONTROL: Pork backfat 20%, T1: Pork backfat 10% + Chicory fiber 10%, T2: CONTROL + Smoking, T3: T1 + Smoking. The addition of chicory fiber significantly reduced the moisture, fat, hardness and pH values, whereas the smoking treatment increased the fat, redness and pH values of restructured sausages (p<0...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492975/effect-of-consumption-of-chicory-inulin-on-bowel-function-in-healthy-subjects-with-constipation-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Antje Micka, Anne Siepelmeyer, Anja Holz, Stephan Theis, Christiane Schön
: Constipation is among the most common health impairments in Western countries. This study aimed to determine the effect of the chicory-derived fermentable dietary fiber Orafti(®) Inulin on stool frequency in healthy subjects with constipation. The study was conducted according to recent guidance documents for investigating bowel function and used a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design with a 2-week wash-out phase. Each study period comprised a run-in phase followed by 4 weeks daily intake of 3 × 4g inulin or maltodextrin (placebo)...
August 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474673/a-one-step-bioprocess-for-production-of-high-content-fructo-oligosaccharides-from-inulin-by-yeast
#20
Da Wang, Fu-Li Li, Shi-An Wang
Commercial fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are predominantly produced from sucrose by transfructosylation process that presents a maximum theoretical yield below 0.60gFOSgSucrose(-1). To obtain high-content FOS, costly purification is generally employed. Additionally, high-content FOS can be produced from inulin by using endo-inulinases. However, commercial endo-inulinases have not been extensively used in scale-up production of FOS. In the present study, a one-step bioprocess that integrated endo-inulinase production, FOS fermentation, and non-FOS sugars removal into one reactor was proposed to produce high-content FOS from inulin...
October 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
keyword
keyword
110433
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"