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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877771/stability-fatty-acid-composition-and-sensory-properties-of-the-m-longissimus-muscle-from-beef-steers-grazing-either-chicory-ryegrass-or-ryegrass
#1
C L Marley, R Fychan, J W Davies, V J Theobald, N D Scollan, R I Richardson, R Sanderson
Research has shown both production and health benefits for the use of chicory (Cichorium intybus) within ruminant diets. Despite this, little was known about the effects of this forage, containing differing fatty acid profiles and secondary plant compounds compared with ryegrass, on beef stability, fatty acid composition or sensory properties. An experiment was conducted to investigate whether the inclusion of chicory in the diet of grazing beef steers would alter these three properties in the M. Longissimus muscle when compared with beef steers grazing perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)...
September 7, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807295/anthelmintic-effects-of-forage-chicory-cichorium-intybus-against-free-living-and-parasitic-stages-of-cooperia-oncophora
#2
Miguel Peña-Espinoza, Andrew R Williams, Stig M Thamsborg, Henrik T Simonsen, Heidi L Enemark
Chicory shows great promise as an anthelmintic forage for grazing ruminants that can reduce reliance on anti-parasitic drugs. Recently, we reported potent anthelmintic effects of chicory-based diets in infected cattle with significant reductions in worm burdens of the abomasal nematode Ostertagia ostertagi, whilst no apparent activity was observed against the small intestinal parasite Cooperia oncophora. To explore this discrepancy, we investigated direct anthelmintic effects of forage chicory against C. oncophora in vitro...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771735/polyphenol-content-in-vitro-bioaccesibility-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-widely-consumed-beverages
#3
Gema Baeza, Beatriz Sarriá, Laura Bravo, Raquel Mateos
BACKGROUND: Beverages prepared from antioxidant rich plants are sources of polyphenols, which bioactivity depends on bioaccesibility in the gastrointestinal tract. This work evaluated the polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity of widely consumed beverages such as chamomile tea, yerba mate, a coffee blend (65% roasted:35% green), and coffee-like substitutes such as chicory, malt and a soluble cereal mixture. Additionally, the bioaccesibility of the two beverages with the highest antioxidant capacity was evaluated using an in vitro digestion model...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740289/antioxidant-efficiency-of-polyphenols-from-coffee-and-coffee-substitutes-electrochemical-versus-spectrophotometric-approach
#4
Stanislava Gorjanović, Draženka Komes, Jovanka Laličić-Petronijević, Ferenc T Pastor, Ana Belščak-Cvitanović, Mile Veljović, Lato Pezo, Desanka Ž Sužnjević
Antioxidant (AO) capacity of instant, espresso, filter and Turkish/Greek coffee brews, coffee substitutes (roasted chicory root, barley, pea, chickpea, carob and dried fig) and individual compounds (phenolic acids, flavonoids, methylxanthines, N-methyl pyridinium and HMW melanoidins) was assessed using DC polarographic assay based on decrease of anodic current originating from hydroxo-perhydroxo mercury complex formed in alkaline solutions of H2O2 at potential of mercury dissolution, as well as three spectrophotometric assays (DPPH, ABTS and FRAP)...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732922/the-quality-of-functional-whole-meal-durum-wheat-spaghetti-as-affected-by-inulin-polymerization-degree
#5
Lucia Padalino, Cristina Costa, Amalia Conte, Maria Grazia Melilli, Carla Sillitti, Rosaria Bognanni, Salvatore Antonino Raccuia, Matteo Alessandro Del Nobile
The use of inulin in pasta improves the nutritional value decreasing the glycemic index in the blood after pasta ingestion but it compromises the sensory characteristics in terms of elasticity, firmness, bulkiness and adhesiveness. Thus, in this work, the impact of substituting whole-meal durum wheat flour with inulin on cooking quality, sensory and textural properties, digested starch and chemical composition of spaghetti was investigated. Two types of inulin at two different concentrations (2% and 4%) were adopted: inulin extracted from cardoon roots (CRI) (high polymerization degree) and commercial inulin (CHI) (low polymerization degree) produced from chicory...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686947/chicory-fructans-in-pig-diet-reduce-skatole-in-back-fat-of-entire-male-pigs
#6
M Aluwé, E Heyrman, S Theis, C Sieland, K Thurman, S Millet
Androstenone, skatole and indole are main compounds responsible for boar taint, an off-odour in meat of some entire male pigs. Several feed ingredients derived from chicory have been reported to reduce fat skatole levels, while results for indole are more contradictory. The skatole-reducing effect is probably based on the prebiotic effects described for fructan compounds. Inulin and oligofructose have a high and low degree of polymerization, respectively. The fermentation rate decreases with an increasing degree of polymerization, which may result in differing effects of the compounds on skatole and/or indole levels...
June 26, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649334/population-structure-in-chicory-cichorium-intybus-a-successful-u-s-weed-since-the-american-revolutionary-war
#7
Tomáš Závada, Rondy J Malik, Rick V Kesseli
Plant invasions are recognized as major drivers of ecosystem change, yet the precise cause of these invasions remains unknown for many species. Frequency and modes of introductions during the first, transport and colonization, stages of the invasion process as well as phenotypic changes due to plasticity or changing genetic diversity and adaptation during later establishment and expansion stages can all influence the "success" of invasion. Here, we examine some of these factors in, and the origin of, a very successful weed, Cichorium intybus (chicory) which was introduced to North America in the 18th century and which now can be found in all 48 continental U...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630638/cichorium-intybus-l-promotes-intestinal-uric-acid-excretion-by-modulating-abcg2-in-experimental-hyperuricemia
#8
Yu Wang, Zhijian Lin, Bing Zhang, Anzheng Nie, Meng Bian
BACKGROUND: Excessive production and/or reduced excretion of uric acid could lead to hyperuricemia, which could be a major cause of disability. Hyperuricemia has received increasing attention in the last few decades due to its global prevalence. Cichorium intybus L., commonly known as chicory, is a perennial herb of the asteraceae family. It was previously shown to exert potent hypouricemic effects linked with decreasing uric acid formation in the liver by down-regulating the activity of xanthine oxidase, and increasing uric acid excretion by up-regulating the renal OAT3 mRNA expression...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629227/chemical-and-biological-studies-on-cichorium-intybus-l
#9
Dinara Satmbekova, Radhakrishnan Srivedavyasasri, Yerkebulan Orazbekov, Roza Omarova, Ubaidilla Datkhayev, Samir A Ross
Cichorium intybus L. (Asteraceae family) is a world-wide grown plant known as chicory. In traditional medicine, this plant is used as diuretic, anti-inflammatory, digestive, cardiotonic and liver tonic. Chromatographic purification of the supercritical fluid extract of aerial parts of C. intybus on silica gel column led to isolation of three compounds: new compound, 28β-hydroxytaraxasterol (I), and two known compounds usnic acid (II) and β-sitosterol (III). Purification of the ethanolic extract of aerial parts of this plant on silica gel column chromatography yielded four compounds: 1,3-dioleylglycerate (IV), sitoindoside II (V), 11β-13-dihydrolactucin (VI) and β-sitosterol-3-O-glucoside (VII)...
June 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597952/efficacy-of-combined-sous-vide-microwave-cooking-for-foodborne-pathogen-inactivation-in-ready-to-eat-chicory-stems
#10
Massimiliano Renna, Maria Gonnella, Silvia de Candia, Francesco Serio, Federico Baruzzi
There is a variety of different food processing methods, which can be used to prepare ready-to-eat foods. However, the need to preserve the freshness and nutritional qualities leads to the application of mild technologies which may be insufficient to inactivate microbial pathogens. In this work, fresh chicory stems were packed under a vacuum in films, which were transparent to microwaves. These were then exposed to microwaves for different periods of time. The application of sous vide microwave cooking (SV-MW, 900 W, 2450 MHz), controlled naturally occurring mesophilic aerobic bacteria, yeasts and molds for up to 30 d when vacuum-packed vegetables were stored at 4 °C...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555924/physical-mechanical-characterization-of-cosmetic-formulations-and-correlation-between-instrumental-measurements-and-sensorial-properties
#11
L S Calixto, P M B G Maia Campos
OBJECTIVE: The correct choice of raw materials in the development of cosmetic formulations is essential for obtaining stable and pleasant skin care products. Therefore, rheological, texture and sensory analyses are important to understand the behaviour and stability of the formulations. In this context, the aim of this study was to develop cosmetic formulations containing or not (vehicle) UV filters and chicory root extract, to evaluate their stability as well as to characterize their physical and texture properties and correlate them with the sensory attributes...
October 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509952/high-yield-production-of-mannitol-by-leuconostoc-pseudomesenteroides-ctcc-g123-from-chicory-derived-inulin-hydrolysate
#12
Min Zhang, Lei Gu, Chao Cheng, Junru Zhu, Hao Wu, Jiangfeng Ma, Weiliang Dong, Xiangping Kong, Min Jiang, Pingkai Ouyang
Chicory is an agricultural plant with considerable potential as a carbohydrate substrate for low-cost production of biochemicals. In this work, the production of mannitol by Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides CTCC G123 from chicory-derived inulin hydrolysate was investigated. The bioconversion process initially suffered from the leakage of fructose to the phosphoketolase pathway, resulting in a low mannitol yield. When inulin hydrolysate was supplemented with glucose as a substrate for mannitol production in combination with aeration induction and nicotinic acid induced redox modulation strategies, the mannitol yield greatly improved...
August 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465551/forbs-enhance-productivity-of-unfertilised-grass-clover-leys-and-support-low-carbon-bioenergy
#13
Wen-Feng Cong, Jingying Jing, Jim Rasmussen, Karen Søegaard, Jørgen Eriksen
Intensively managed grasslands are dominated by highly productive grass-clover mixtures. Increasing crop diversity by inclusion of competitive forbs may enhance biomass production and sustainable biofuel production. Here we examined if one or all of three forbs (chicory, Cichorium intybus L.; caraway, Carum carvi L.; plantain, Plantago lanceolata L.) included in ryegrass-red clover mixtures enhanced above- and below-ground productivity, and assessed their biofuel potentials, based on a three-year experiment with and without fertilisation as cattle slurry...
May 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452060/cimyb17-a-stress-induced-chicory-r2r3-myb-transcription-factor-activates-promoters-of-genes-involved-in-fructan-synthesis-and-degradation
#14
Hongbin Wei, Anja Bausewein, Steffen Greiner, Nicolas Dauchot, Karsten Harms, Thomas Rausch
In Cichorium intybus, inulin metabolism is mediated by fructan-active enzymes (FAZYs): sucrose:sucrose 1-fructosyltransferase (1-SST), fructan:fructan 1-fructosyltransferase (1-FFT), and fructan 1-exohydrolases 1, 2a and 2b (1-FEH1, -2a and -2b), respectively. While these enzymes have been rigorously characterized, the transcriptional network orchestrating their development- and stress-related expression has remained largely unknown. Here, the possible role of R2R3-MYB transcription factors in FAZY regulation was explored via bioinformatic identification of R2R3-MYBs (using an RNA sequencing (RNAseq) database), studies of co-expression of these factors with target genes, in vivo transient transactivation assays of FAZY target promoters (dual luciferase assay), and a yeast one-hybrid assay investigating the specificity of the binding of these factors to cis-elements...
April 28, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441536/the-effect-of-forage-types-on-the-fatty-acid-profile-lipid-and-protein-oxidation-and-retail-colour-stability-of-muscles-from-white-dorper-lambs
#15
Gerlane F De Brito, Benjamin W B Holman, Shawn R McGrath, Michael A Friend, Remy van de Ven, David L Hopkins
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different forage-types on lamb meat quality parameters. White Dorper lambs that had grazed five forage-types, were slaughtered commercially. At 24h post-mortem, the m. longissimus lumborum (LL) was removed from one side, sliced into three equal sub-samples, vacuum packaged and assigned to ageing periods (5, 12 or 40days); the other side of LL was aged for 5days. The m. adductor femoris was used for fatty acid analysis. Lambs fed chicory+arrowleaf clover had the highest concentration of health claimable omega-3 fatty acids and the lowest omega-6:omega-3 fatty acid ratio...
August 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396680/corrigendum-insights-into-the-sesquiterpenoid-pathway-by-metabolic-profiling-and-de-novo-transcriptome-assembly-of-stem-chicory-cichorium-intybus-cultigroup-catalogna
#16
Giulio Testone, Giovanni Mele, Elisabetta Di Giacomo, Maria Gonnella, Massimiliano Renna, Gian Carlo Tenore, Chiara Nicolodi, Giovanna Frugis, Maria A Iannelli, Giuseppe Arnesi, Alessandro Schiappa, Donato Giannino
[This corrects the article on p. 1676 in vol. 7, PMID: 27877190.].
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371117/structural-constraints-and-importance-of-caffeic-acid-moiety-for-anti-hyperglycemic-effects-of-caffeoylquinic-acids-from-chicory
#17
Kimberly M Palatini Jackson, Thirumurugan Rathinasabapathy, Debora Esposito, Slavko Komarnytsky
SCOPE: Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) is a perennial herb often consumed as a vegetable, whereas the ground and roasted roots are blended as a coffee substitute. Caffeoylquinic or chlorogenic acids (CQA), the abundant intermediates of lignin biosynthesis in chicory, have been reported to improve glucose metabolism in humans, but the functional group in their structure responsible for this effect has not been yet characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we showed that three di-O-caffeoylquinic acids suppressed hepatic glucose production in H4IIE rat hepatoma cells by reducing expression of glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), two key enzymes that regulate hepatic gluconeogenesis...
April 3, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341907/utilization-of-inulin-containing-waste-in-industrial-fermentations-to-produce-biofuels-and-bio-based-chemicals
#18
REVIEW
Stephen R Hughes, Nasib Qureshi, Juan Carlos López-Núñez, Marjorie A Jones, Joshua M Jarodsky, Luz Ángela Galindo-Leva, Mitchell R Lindquist
Inulins are polysaccharides that belong to an important class of carbohydrates known as fructans and are used by many plants as a means of storing energy. Inulins contain 20 to several thousand fructose units joined by β-2,1 glycosidic bonds, typically with a terminal glucose unit. Plants with high concentrations of inulin include: agave, asparagus, coffee, chicory, dahlia, dandelion, garlic, globe artichoke, Jerusalem artichoke, jicama, onion, wild yam, and yacón. To utilize inulin as its carbon and energy source directly, a microorganism requires an extracellular inulinase to hydrolyze the glycosidic bonds to release fermentable monosaccharides...
April 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337581/high-lactic-acid-and-fructose-production-via-mn-2-mediated-conversion-of-inulin-by-lactobacillus-paracasei
#19
Kaloyan Petrov, Luiza Popova, Penka Petrova
Lactobacillus paracasei DSM 23505 is able to produce high amounts of lactic acid (LA) by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) of inulin. Aiming to obtain the highest possible amounts of LA and fructose, the present study is devoted to evaluate the impact of bivalent metal ions on the process of inulin conversion. It was shown that Mn(2+) strongly increases the activity of the purified key enzyme β-fructosidase. In vivo, batch fermentation kinetics revealed that the high Mn(2+) concentrations accelerated inulin hydrolysis by raise of the inulinase activity, and increased sugars conversion to LA through enhancement of the whole glycolytic flux...
March 23, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293641/functional-effects-of-prebiotic-fructans-in-colon-cancer-and-calcium-metabolism-in-animal-models
#20
Marisol Rivera-Huerta, Vania Lorena Lizárraga-Grimes, Ibrahim Guillermo Castro-Torres, Mabel Tinoco-Méndez, Lucía Macías-Rosales, Francisco Sánchez-Bartéz, Graciela Guadalupe Tapia-Pérez, Laura Romero-Romero, María Isabel Gracia-Mora
Inulin-type fructans are polymers of fructose molecules and are known for their capacity to enhance absorption of calcium and magnesium, to modulate gut microbiota and energy metabolism, and to improve glycemia. We evaluated and compared the effects of Chicory inulin "Synergy 1®" and inulin from Mexican agave "Metlin®" in two experimental models of colon cancer and bone calcium metabolism in mice and rats. Inulins inhibited the development of dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis and colon cancer in mice; these fructans reduced the concentration of tumor necrosis factor alpha and prevented the formation of intestinal polyps, villous atrophy, and lymphoid hyperplasia...
2017: BioMed Research International
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