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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758535/on-farm-intervention-studies-on-reduction-of-boar-taint-prevalence-feeding-strategies-presence-of-gilts-and-time-in-lairage
#1
E Heyrman, S Millet, F A M Tuyttens, B Ampe, S Janssens, N Buys, J Wauters, L Vanhaecke, M Aluwé
One of the challenges in the production of entire male pigs is the occurrence of boar taint. We separately tested the effect of 3 management strategies to reduce boar taint on respectively 2, 3, and 6 Flemish pig farms: 1) adapted feeding strategies, 2) presence of gilts in the compartment, and 3) varying lairage duration at the slaughterhouse. A commercialized feed concept resulted in a significant reduction of olfactory boar taint prevalence when fed for 2 weeks (T2W) compared to control (T-CON) (P = 0...
May 9, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619040/oxygen-availability-influences-expression-of-dickeya-solani-genes-associated-with-virulence-in-potato-solanum-tuberosum-l-and-chicory-cichorium-intybus-l
#2
Wioletta Lisicka, Jakub Fikowicz-Krosko, Sylwia Jafra, Magdalena Narajczyk, Paulina Czaplewska, Robert Czajkowski
Dickeya solani is a Gram-negative necrotrophic, plant pathogenic bacterium able to cause symptoms in a variety of plant species worldwide. As a facultative anaerobe, D. solani is able to infect hosts under a broad range of oxygen concentrations found in plant environments. However, little is known about oxygen-dependent gene expression in Dickeya spp. that might contribute to its success as a pathogen. Using a Tn5 transposon, harboring a promoterless gusA reporter gene, 146 mutants of D. solani IPO2222 were identified that exhibited oxygen-regulated expression of the gene into which the insertion had occurred...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558323/effects-of-chicory-leaf-extract-on-serum-oxidative-stress-markers-lipid-profile-and-periodontal-status-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#3
Hossein Babaei, Fahimeh Forouzandeh, Leila Maghsoumi-Norouzabad, Hojat Allah Yousefimanesh, Maryam Ravanbakhsh, Ahmad Zare Javid
AIM: The aim of present study was to evaluate the effects of chicory leaf extract on serum oxidative stress markers, lipid profile, and periodontal status in patients with chronic periodontitis. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial 40 patients with chronic periodontitis were allocated to intervention and control groups. The intervention group received a 1-gram chicory leaf methanolic extract capsule twice daily for 8 weeks. In the control group, participants received a placebo capsule (containing 1 gram wheat flour) twice daily for 8 weeks...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526216/shelf-life-evaluation-of-fresh-cut-red-chicory-subjected-to-different-minimal-processes
#4
Antonio Alfonzo, Raimondo Gaglio, Alessandro Miceli, Nicola Francesca, Rosalia Di Gerlando, Giancarlo Moschetti, Luca Settanni
Microbiological, chemical and physical parameters of minimally processed red chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) subjected to two different transformation processes were investigated. A classic ready-to-eat (RTE) process (P1) and a production without cutting (P2) were monitored during refrigerated (4 °C) storage (15 d). Total mesophilic microorganisms, total psychrotrophic microorganisms and pseudomonads were detected at the highest cell densities in all samples. Presumptive Pseudomonas population dominated the cultivable microbial community of RTE red chicory and were characterized genetically...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524039/enhanced-inulin-saccharification-by-self-produced-inulinase-from-a-newly-isolated-penicillium-sp-and-its-application-in-d-lactic-acid-production
#5
Zhaojuan Zheng, Qianqian Xu, Peng Liu, Fan Zhou, Jia Ouyang
In order to find an alternative for commercial inulinase, a strain XL01 identified as Penicillium sp. was screened for inulinase production. The broth after cultivated was centrifuged, filtered, and used as crude enzyme for the following saccharification. At pH 5.0 and 50 °C, the crude enzyme released 84.9 g/L fructose and 20.7 g/L glucose from 120 g/L inulin in 72 h. In addition, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of chicory flour for D-lactic acid production was carried out using the self-produced crude inulinase and Lactobacillus bulgaricus CGMCC 1...
March 10, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518239/genotyping-of-giardia-duodenalis-in-vegetables-cultivated-with-organic-and-chemical-fertilizer-from-street-markets-and-community-vegetable-gardens-in-a-region-of-southern-brazil
#6
Katyelle Rafael, Ariella A Marchioro, Cristiane M Colli, Bruna T Tiyo, Fernanda F Evangelista, Renata C Bezagio, Ana L Falavigna-Guilherme
Background: In order to investigate the occurrence of Giardia duodenalis and its genotypes in vegetables that are consumed raw, we analyzed samples cultivated with organic or chemical fertilizer, sold in street markets and from community vegetable gardens in an urban area located in Southern Brazil. Methods: We analyzed 130 samples of vegetables such as crisp lettuce, regular lettuce, kale, chicory and rocket, from street markets, and 130 from community gardens...
December 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513106/frequency-of-enteroparasites-and-bacteria-in-the-leafy-vegetables-sold-in-brazilian-public-wholesale-markets
#7
Eleuza R Machado, Iriani R Maldonade, Roberta F R Riquette, Vinícios S Mendes, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves, Veronica C Ginani
The consumption of raw vegetables is related to health benefits. However, these foods might be source of foodborne diseases. The objective of the present study was to perform a microbiological and parasitological evaluation of the leafy vegetables commercially sold in five regions of Brazil at public wholesale markets. The 12 types of leafy vegetables (144 samples) were curly lettuce, looseleaf lettuce, red lettuce, chives, coriander, kale, basil, arugula, parsley, iceberg lettuce, chicory, and bean sprouts...
April 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490721/the-efficacy-of-daily-snack-replacement-with-oligofructose-enriched-granola-bars-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-12-week-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Korrie Pol, Cees de Graaf, Diederick Meyer, Monica Mars
Oligofructose is a prebiotic dietary fibre obtained from chicory root inulin. Oligofructose supplementation may affect satiety, food intake, body weight and/or body composition. The aim was to examine the efficacy of oligofructose-supplemented granola bars on the following weight management outcomes: satiety, energy intake, body weight and body composition in overweight or obese adults. In all, fifty-five adults with overweight or obesity (thirty-six females/nineteen males; age: 41 (sd 12) years; 90·6 (sd 11·8) kg; BMI: 29·4 (sd 2·6) kg/m2) participated in a parallel, triple-blind, placebo-controlled intervention...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476634/sugar-yield-and-composition-of-tubers-from-jerusalem-artichoke-helianthus-tuberosus-irrigated-with-saline-waters
#9
Samarthya Bhagia, Jorge F S Ferreira, Ninad Kothari, Angelica Nunez, Xuan Liu, Nildo da Silva Dias, Donald L Suarez, Rajeev Kumar, Charles E Wyman
Currently, major biofuel crops are also food crops that demand fertile soils and good-quality water. Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus, Asteraceae) produces high tonnage of tubers that are rich in sugars, mainly in the form of inulin. In this study, plants of the cultivar "White Fuseau" grown under five salinity levels were evaluated for tuber yield. Results indicated that this cultivar is moderately salt-tolerant if the goal is tuber production. Hydraulic pressings of the tubers produced juice that contained 15% (wet weight) or 55% (dry weight) free sugars, with 70% of these in the form of inulin and the rest as fructose, sucrose, and glucose...
June 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325917/increase-in-insulin-sensitivity-by-the-association-of-chicoric-acid-and-chlorogenic-acid-contained-in-a-natural-chicoric-acid-extract-ncrae-of-chicory-cichorium-intybus-l-for-an-antidiabetic-effect
#10
Karine Ferrare, Luc P R Bidel, Abdulmomem Awwad, Patrick Poucheret, Guillaume Cazals, Françoise Lazennec, Jacqueline Azay-Milhau, Michel Tournier, Anne-Dominique Lajoix, Didier Tousch
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) is an indigenous vegetable widely cultivated in Europe, America and Asia. In ancient times, the leaves, flowers, seeds, and roots have been used as a wealth of health benefits including its tonic effects, the ability to ease digestive problems and to detoxify liver. In Indian traditional therapy, chicory was known to possess antidiabetic effect. In the traditional medicine of Bulgaria and Italy, chicory was used as hypoglycemic decoctions...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303692/molecular-identification-and-characterization-of-the-new-16srix-j-and-cpn60-ut-ix-j-phytoplasma-subgroup-associated-with-chicory-bushy-stunt-disease-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Edel Pérez-López, Ayman F Omar, Khaled M Al-Jamhan, Tim J Dumonceaux
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) is a perennial plant (Asteraceae) that grows wild in pasture fields in Saudi Arabia. Chicory plants displaying symptoms typically induced by phytoplasmas, such as bushy phenotype and stunt, were observed in the Mulayda region, Qassim governorate, Saudi Arabia. In this study we examined samples taken from three symptomatic chicory plants and confirmed the presence of phytoplasma DNA. Analysis of the 16S rRNA-encoding sequences showed that the plants were infected with a phytoplasma from the pigeon pea witches'-broom group (16SrIX)...
February 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258261/oligofructose-provides-laxation-for-irregularity-associated-with-low-fiber-intake
#12
Randal K Buddington, Cavita Kapadia, Franka Neumer, Stephan Theis
Inadequate dietary fiber intake contributes to the prevalent irregularity and constipation in Western countries. Although eating adequate amounts of fibers from fiber-rich foods, foods with added fibers and dietary fiber supplements is considered the first option for improving laxation, the efficacy can vary among types of fibers. The present study is a randomized control trial that included healthy adult participants with ≤3 bowel movements/week and a habitual low dietary fiber intake in a parallel design to evaluate the benefits for laxation by supplementing the daily diet with oligofructose (Orafti® P95; OF), a fermentable source of fiber and established prebiotic ( n = 49); maltodextrin was the placebo ( n = 48)...
December 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244718/prebiotic-dietary-fiber-and-gut-health-comparing-the-in-vitro-fermentations-of-beta-glucan-inulin-and-xylooligosaccharide
#13
Justin L Carlson, Jennifer M Erickson, Julie M Hess, Trevor J Gould, Joanne L Slavin
Prebiotic dietary fiber supplements are commonly consumed to help meet fiber recommendations and improve gastrointestinal health by stimulating beneficial bacteria and the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), molecules beneficial to host health. The objective of this research project was to compare potential prebiotic effects and fermentability of five commonly consumed fibers using an in vitro fermentation system measuring changes in fecal microbiota, total gas production and formation of common SCFAs...
December 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214141/new-trends-in-anaphylaxis
#14
REVIEW
Margitta Worm, Gunter Sturm, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz, Victoria Cardona, Ioana Maris, Sabine Dölle
This review presents the current trends in anaphylaxis management discussed at the fourth International Network for Online-Registration of Anaphylaxis (NORA) conference held in Berlin in April 2017. Current data from the anaphylaxis registry show that Hymenoptera venom, foods, and pharmaceutical drugs are still among the most frequent triggers of anaphylaxis. Rare triggers include chicory, cardamom, asparagus, and goji berries. A meta-analysis on recent trends in insect venom anaphylaxis demonstrated for the first time that, although data on the efficacy of insect venom immunotherapy is limited, the occurrence of severe reactions upon repeated sting events can be prevented and patients' quality of life improved...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157907/expression-and-purification-of-plant-fructan-exohydrolases-and-their-potential-applications-in-fructose-production
#15
Wenyue Zhan, Lijin Jin, Jiao Jiao, Xi Zhang, Yan Zhang, Haiyan Zhao, Mingxiang Liang
Inulinases from microorganisms have been extensively studied for their role in the production of fructose from fructan. Fructan can also be hydrolyzed by plant fructan exohydrolases (FEHs), but these enzymes have not been used to produce fructose commercially. Two Ht1-FEHs (Ht1-FEH I and Ht1-FEH II) were recently characterized in Jerusalem artichoke. In this study, we cloned the third member of the Ht1-FEH family in Jerusalem artichoke (i.e., Ht1-FEH III). When heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris X-33, Ht1-FEH III not only demonstrated hydrolysis activity towards β (2, 1)-linked fructans and β (2, 6)-linked levan, but also towards sucrose...
March 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109313/evaluation-of-the-antifungal-effect-of-chicory-extracts-on-candida-glabrata-and-candida-krusei-in-a-laboratory-environment
#16
Hosein Eslami, Hossein Babaei, Parisa Falsafi, Mahdi Rahbar, Fereshteh Najar-Karimi, Solmaz Pourzare-Mehrbani
AIM: This research has evaluated the extract's antifungal effects on Candida glabrata and Candida krusei in a laboratory environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this research, to evaluate the antifungal effect and the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) determination of chicory extract, the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) was used. Candida glabrata and C. krusei funguses were procured from the Tehran Pasteur Institute; they were grown in the relative growing environment according to the required conditions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063696/airborne-contact-dermatitis-in-a-patient-with-type-i-and-iv-sensitivity-to-chicory
#17
Anne Herman, Marie Baeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994541/-effect-of-chinese-herb-chicory-extract-on-expression-of-renal-transporter-glut9-in-rats-with-hyperuricemia
#18
Yu Wang, Zhi-Jian Lin, An-Zheng Nie, Li-Yu Li, Bing Zhang
Sixty SD male rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, benzbromarone group(20 mg•kg⁻¹•d⁻¹), chicory extract high dose, middle dose and low dose groups (5, 7.5, 10 g•kg⁻¹•d⁻¹). The rats in normal group were given with water, and the rats in other groups were given with 10% fructose solution to establish hyperuricemia models. All the rats were sacrificed on the 42th day. Then their serum uric acid(SUA), serum creatinine(CRE), urea nitrogen(BUN) and urinary uric acid(UUA) levels were detected to calculate the clearance rate of uric acid in kidney(CUA)...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929682/-virtual-screening-for-components-in-chicory-combined-with-cnt2-target-based-on-molecular-docking
#19
Yue Zhou, Bing Zhang, Zhi-Jian Lin, Xiao-Meng Zhang, Fan Li, Hai-Ge Wang, Xue-Jie Wang
To virtual screen the compound of Chicory combined with the concentrative nucleoside transporter 2 (CNT2) in molecular docking technology.The homology model of hCNT2 was produced, and then the Vina software was employed to virtual screen the Chicory compound combined with CNT2. Compared with 7,8,3'-trihydroxyflavone, a CNT2 inhibitors, 23 score higher chicory compounds were hit.Meanwhile, the ten top compounds have been revealed that play important role in decrease the uric level. The bioactivity to CNT2 needs to be investigatedin experiment...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922763/chicory-r2r3-myb-transcription-factors-cimyb5-and-cimyb3-regulate-fructan-1-exohydrolase-expression-in-response-to-abiotic-stress-and-hormonal-cues
#20
Hongbin Wei, Hongbo Zhao, Tao Su, Anja Bausewein, Steffen Greiner, Karsten Harms, Thomas Rausch
In the biennial Cichorium intybus, inulin-type fructans accumulate in the taproot during the first year. Upon cold or drought exposure, fructans are degraded by fructan exohydrolases, affecting inulin yield and degree of polymerization. While stress-induced expression of 1-FEH genes has been thoroughly explored, the transcriptional network mediating these responses has remained unknown. In this study, several R2R3-MYB transcriptional regulators were analysed for their possible involvement in 1-FEH regulation via transient transactivation of 1-FEH target promoters and for in vivo co-expression with target genes under different stress and hormone treatments...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
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