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Agus Firmansyah, Nalinee Chongviriyaphan, Drupadi Hs Dillon, Nguyen Cong Khan, Tatsuya Morita, Kraisid Tontisirin, Le Danh Tuyen, Weiping Wang, Jacques Bindels, Paul Deurenberg, Sherlin Ong, Jo Hautvast, Diederick Meyer, Elaine E Vaughan
Inulin-based prebiotics are non-digestible polysaccharides that influence the composition of the gut microbiota in infants and children, notably eliciting a bifidogenic effect with high short chain fatty acid levels. Inulin, a generic term that comprises β-(2,1)-linked linear fructans, is typically isolated from the chicory plant root, and derivatives such as oligofructose and long chain inulin appear to have different physiological properties. The first 1000 days of a child's life are increasingly recognized as a critical timeframe for health also into adulthood, whereby nutrition plays a key role...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Massimiliano D'Imperio, Giacomina Brunetti, Isabella Gigante, Francesco Serio, Pietro Santamaria, Angela Cardinali, Silvia Colucci, Fiorenza Minervini
Food industries are increasingly oriented toward new foods to improve nutritional status and/or to combat nutritional deficiency diseases. In this context, silicon biofortification could be an innovative tool for obtaining new foods with possible positive effects on bone mineralization. In this paper, an alternative and quick in vitro approach was applied in order to evaluate the potential health-promoting effects of five silicon-biofortified leafy vegetables (tatsoi, mizuna, purslane, Swiss chard and chicory) on bone mineralization compared with a commercial silicon supplement...
October 3, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Fernando Azpiroz, Laura Molne, Sara Mendez, Adoración Nieto, Chaysavanh Manichanh, Marianela Mego, Anna Accarino, Javier Santos, Manuela Sailer, Stephan Theis, Francisco Guarner
GOAL: To determine the effect of a prebiotic chicory-derived inulin-type fructan on the tolerance of intestinal gas. BACKGROUND: Subjects with gas-related complaints exhibit impaired handling of intestinal gas loads and we hypothesized that inulin would have a beneficial effect. STUDY: Placebo-controlled, parallel, randomized, double-blind trial. Subjects with abdominal symptoms and reduced tolerance of intestinal gas (selected by a pretest) received either inulin (8 g/d, n=18) or maltodextrin as a placebo (8 g/d, n=18) for 4 weeks...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Yasemin Sahan, Ozan Gurbuz, Metin Guldas, Nurcan Degirmencioglu, Aynur Begenirbas
In this study, the changes in phenolics, anthocyanin, antioxidant capacity, and bioaccessibility of chicory varieties (Cichorium spp.) in Turkey were investigated. A total of 19 phenolic standards were screened in the chicory varieties studied and the most abundant compounds in the samples, extracted with methanol, were phenolic acids, syringic (2.54mg/kg) and trans-ferulic acid (1.85mg/kg), whilst (+)-catechin was the major flavanol. The highest flavanol content using either methanol or ethanol was determined in the green chicory samples (0...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Francesca D'Acunzo, Donato Giannino, Vincenzo Longo, Marco Ciardi, Giulio Testone, Giovanni Mele, Chiara Nicolodi, Maria Gonnella, Massimiliano Renna, Giuseppe Arnesi, Alessandro Schiappa, Ornella Ursini
Chicories produce a wide range of vegetables with important nutritional value. We determined the variation of sterol, total polyphenol, nitrate contents and antioxidant capacity (SC, TPC, NC, AC) in endive leaves and stem-chicory novel vegetables, cultivated in two Italian regions. Within a given area, the SC was similar in smooth- and curly leafed endives (106.3-176.0 mg/kg FW); sitosterol and stigmasterol were major fractions (45-56 versus 38-43%). The stem SC was independent of landrace (101.5-118.6 mg/kg FW); sitosterol prevailed on stigmasterol and fucosterol (73-76 versus 12-14% versus 8-9%); the latter reached 15...
August 30, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Caroline Pandin, Martine Caroff, Guy Condemine
: Modification of teichoic acid through the incorporation of d-alanine confers resistance in Gram-positive bacteria to antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). This process involves the products of the dltXABCD genes. These genes are widespread in Gram-positive bacteria, and they are also found in a few Gram-negative bacteria. Notably, these genes are present in all soft-rot enterobacteria (Pectobacterium and Dickeya) whose dltDXBAC operons have been sequenced. We studied the function and regulation of these genes in Dickeya dadantii dltB expression was induced in the presence of the AMP polymyxin...
November 1, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Filip Trnka, Robert Stejskal, Jiří Skuhrovec
The mature larvae and pupae of Lixus (Ortholixus) bituberculatus Smreczyński, 1968 and Lixus (Dilixellus) neglectus Fremuth, 1983 (Curculionidae: Lixinae: Lixini) are described and compared with known larvae of 21 other Lixus and 2 Hypolixus taxa. The mature larva and pupa of Lixus bituberculatus are the first immature stages described representing the subgenus Ortholixus. The larva of Lixus neglectus, in the subgenus Dilixellus, is distinguished from the known larvae of four species in this subgenus by having more pigmented sclerites on the larval body...
2016: ZooKeys
Audrey M Neyrinck, Barbara Pachikian, Bernard Taminiau, Georges Daube, Raphaël Frédérick, Patrice D Cani, Laure B Bindels, Nathalie M Delzenne
Inulin-type fructans (ITF) are known for their capacity to modulate gut microbiota, energy metabolism and to improve glycemia in several animal models of obesity, and in humans. The potential contribution of ITF as modulators of sugar digestion by host enzymes has not been evaluated yet. A sucrose challenge has been performed on naive mice fed a standard diet supplemented with or without native chicory inulin (Fibruline 5%) for 3 weeks. The area under the curve of glycemia as well as sucrase activity in the small intestine were lowered after inulin treatment...
2016: PloS One
Feifei Wei, Kazuo Furihata, Mimin Zhang, Takuya Miyakawa, Masaru Tanokura
Roasted chicory root (Cichorium intybus) has been widely accepted as the most important coffee substitute. In this study, a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based comprehensive analysis was performed to monitor the substantial changes in the composition of chicory root during the roasting process. A detailed signal assignment of dried raw and roasted chicory roots was carried out using (1)H, (13)C, (1)H-(1)H DQF-COSY, (1)H-(13)C edited-HSQC, (1)H-(13)C CT-HMBC and (1)H-(13)C HSQC-TOCSY NMR spectra. On the basis of the signal assignments, 36 NMR-visible components were monitored simultaneously during roasting...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Hyun-Su Choi, Hyung-Gyu Choi, Yeong-Seok Choi, Jong-Hee Kim, Ju-Ho Lee, Eun-Hee Jung, Sang-Hwa Lee, Yang-Il Choi, Jung-Seok Choi
UNLABELLED: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of chicory fiber for the replacement of fat and smoking on quality characteristics of restructured sausages. Treatments were as follows; CONTROL: Pork backfat 20%, T1: Pork backfat 10% + Chicory fiber 10%, T2: CONTROL + Smoking, T3: T1 + Smoking. The addition of chicory fiber significantly reduced the moisture, fat, hardness and pH values, whereas the smoking treatment increased the fat, redness and pH values of restructured sausages (p<0...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Antje Micka, Anne Siepelmeyer, Anja Holz, Stephan Theis, Christiane Schön
: Constipation is among the most common health impairments in Western countries. This study aimed to determine the effect of the chicory-derived fermentable dietary fiber Orafti(®) Inulin on stool frequency in healthy subjects with constipation. The study was conducted according to recent guidance documents for investigating bowel function and used a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design with a 2-week wash-out phase. Each study period comprised a run-in phase followed by 4 weeks daily intake of 3 × 4g inulin or maltodextrin (placebo)...
August 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Da Wang, Fu-Li Li, Shi-An Wang
Commercial fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are predominantly produced from sucrose by transfructosylation process that presents a maximum theoretical yield below 0.60gFOSgSucrose(-1). To obtain high-content FOS, costly purification is generally employed. Additionally, high-content FOS can be produced from inulin by using endo-inulinases. However, commercial endo-inulinases have not been extensively used in scale-up production of FOS. In the present study, a one-step bioprocess that integrated endo-inulinase production, FOS fermentation, and non-FOS sugars removal into one reactor was proposed to produce high-content FOS from inulin...
October 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Miriam Bermudez-Brito, Marijke M Faas, Paul de Vos
Non-fermenting Gram-negative bacilli, such as Sphingomonas paucimobilis (S.paucimobilis), are among the most widespread causes of nosocomial infections. Up to now, no definitive guidelines exist for antimicrobial therapy for S. paucimobilis infections. As we have shown that some dietary fibers exhibit pronounced immune-regulatory properties, we hypothesized that specific immune active dietary fibers might modulate the responses against S. paucimobilis. We studied the immunomodulatory effects of dietary fibers against S...
2016: Scientific Reports
Qianqian Xu, Ying Zang, Jie Zhou, Peng Liu, Xin Li, Qiang Yong, Jia Ouyang
Inulin is a readily available feedstock for cost-effective production of biochemicals. To date, several studies have explored the production of bioethanol, high-fructose syrup and fructooligosaccharide, but there are no studies regarding the production of D-lactic acid using inulin as a carbon source. In the present study, chicory-derived inulin was used for D-lactic acid biosynthesis by Lactobacillus bulgaricus CGMCC 1.6970. Compared with separate hydrolysis and fermentation processes, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) has demonstrated the best performance of D-lactic acid production...
November 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Ariella A Marchioro, Bruna T Tiyo, Cristiane M Colli, Carla Z de Souza, João L Garcia, Mônica L Gomes, Ana L Falavigna-Guilherme
Despite the high dispersion of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in the environment, there are few studies investigating their presence in vegetables consumed by the general population. This has led us to investigate its occurrence in raw vegetables. A total of 238 samples of vegetables were collected, including crisp lettuce, regular lettuce, chicory, rocket, and parsley, both organic and nonorganic, locally in northwestern Parana, Southern Brazil. Each sample (50 g) was washed and filtered separately. A PCR was performed to detect the parasite DNA from the sediment of each sample, using B1 (B22-23) and Toxo4-5 primers...
September 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Guillaume Legrand, Marianne Delporte, Chahinez Khelifi, Adeline Harant, Christophe Vuylsteker, Monika Mörchen, Philippe Hance, Jean-Louis Hilbert, David Gagneul
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) accumulates caffeic acid esters with important significance for human health. In this study, we aim at a better understanding of the biochemical pathway of these bioactive compounds. Detailed metabolic analysis reveals that C. intybus predominantly accumulates caftaric and chicoric acids in leaves, whereas isochlorogenic acid (3,5-diCQA) was almost exclusively accumulated in roots. Chlorogenic acid (3-CQA) was equally distributed in all organs. Interestingly, distribution of the four compounds was related to leaf age...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Céline Jouquand, Céline Niquet-Léridon, Grégory Loaec, Frédéric Jacques Tessier
BACKGROUND: The coffee substitutes made of roasted chicory are affected by the formation of acrylamide whose main precursor is asparagine. One of the strategies for limiting the formation of acrylamide is to reduce free asparagine in the chicory roots by lessening the supply of nitrogen in the field. However, decreasing nitrogen fertilizer could affect the formation of the volatile compounds and, as a consequence, the sensory characteristics of the roasted chicory. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of nitrogen supply in five commercial varieties on their aroma profile...
June 14, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Rogerio Tiyo, Carla Zangari de Souza, Ana Flávia Arruda Piovesani, Bruna Tiaki Tiyo, Cristiane Maria Colli, Ariella Andrade Marchioro, Monica Lucia Gomes, Ana Lucia Falavigna-Guilherme
We investigated the presence of Giardia duodenalis cysts and its genotypes in raw leafy vegetables sold in a Brazilian market. These products are different from those sold in most street markets because the producers themselves display and sell their products and rely on specialized technical and sanitary assistance. Vegetable and water samples were collected from 14 (80%) producers who cultivated vegetables that are typically consumed raw for sale at the market, obtained at the market and farms, respectively...
June 2016: Journal of Food Protection
Walaa G Hozayen, Mohamed A El-Desouky, Hanan A Soliman, Rasha R Ahmed, Amal K Khaliefa
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) is one of the serious side effects which have become the most common secondary osteoporosis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of parsley, basil and chicory on glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in rats. METHODS: Fifty Female rats were divided into five groups and treated for 8 weeks as follow: group 1 served as control; group (2) subcutaneously injected with 0.1 mg/kg b...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Chaoqun Liu, Wenting Wang, Weiqun Lin, Wenhua Ling, Dongliang Wang
SCOPE: Chicory (Cichorium intybus L. var. foliosum, Belgian endive), a typical Mediterranean vegetable, and its constituent protocatechuic acid (PCA) can inhibit established atherosclerosis progression. We thus investigated whether chicory can improve vascular relaxation, a critical pathway for combating atherosclerosis, and whether PCA is a contributor to a chicory-induced effect. METHODS AND RESULTS: Apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-) ) mice with established atherosclerosis and C57BL/6J mice without atherosclerosis were fed an AIN-93G diet, or AIN-93G plus 0...
May 28, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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