keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chicory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325917/increase-in-insulin-sensitivity-by-the-association-of-chicoric-acid-and-chlorogenic-acid-contained-in-a-natural-chicoric-acid-extract-ncrae-of-chicory-cichorium-intybus-l-for-an-antidiabetic-effect
#1
Karine Ferrare, Luc P R Bidel, Abdulmomem Awwad, Patrick Poucheret, Guillaume Cazals, Françoise Lazennec, Jacqueline Azay-Milhau, Michel Tournier, Anne-Dominique Lajoix, Didier Tousch
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) is an indigenous vegetable widely cultivated in Europe, America and Asia. In ancient times, the leaves, flowers, seeds, and roots have been used as a wealth of health benefits including its tonic effects, the ability to ease digestive problems and to detoxify liver. In Indian traditional therapy, chicory was known to possess antidiabetic effect. In the traditional medicine of Bulgaria and Italy, chicory was used as hypoglycemic decoctions...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303692/molecular-identification-and-characterization-of-the-new-16srix-j-and-cpn60-ut-ix-j-phytoplasma-subgroup-associated-with-chicory-bushy-stunt-disease-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Edel Pérez-López, Ayman F Omar, Khaled M Al-Jamhan, Tim J Dumonceaux
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) is a perennial plant (Asteraceae) that grows wild in pasture fields in Saudi Arabia. Chicory plants displaying symptoms typically induced by phytoplasmas, such as bushy phenotype and stunt, were observed in the Mulayda region, Qassim governorate, Saudi Arabia. In this study we examined samples taken from three symptomatic chicory plants and confirmed the presence of phytoplasma DNA. Analysis of the 16S rRNA-encoding sequences showed that the plants were infected with a phytoplasma from the pigeon pea witches'-broom group (16SrIX)...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258261/oligofructose-provides-laxation-for-irregularity-associated-with-low-fiber-intake
#3
Randal K Buddington, Cavita Kapadia, Franka Neumer, Stephan Theis
Inadequate dietary fiber intake contributes to the prevalent irregularity and constipation in Western countries. Although eating adequate amounts of fibers from fiber-rich foods, foods with added fibers and dietary fiber supplements is considered the first option for improving laxation, the efficacy can vary among types of fibers. The present study is a randomized control trial that included healthy adult participants with ≤3 bowel movements/week and a habitual low dietary fiber intake in a parallel design to evaluate the benefits for laxation by supplementing the daily diet with oligofructose (Orafti® P95; OF), a fermentable source of fiber and established prebiotic (n = 49); maltodextrin was the placebo (n = 48)...
December 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244718/prebiotic-dietary-fiber-and-gut-health-comparing-the-in-vitro-fermentations-of-beta-glucan-inulin-and-xylooligosaccharide
#4
Justin L Carlson, Jennifer M Erickson, Julie M Hess, Trevor J Gould, Joanne L Slavin
Prebiotic dietary fiber supplements are commonly consumed to help meet fiber recommendations and improve gastrointestinal health by stimulating beneficial bacteria and the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), molecules beneficial to host health. The objective of this research project was to compare potential prebiotic effects and fermentability of five commonly consumed fibers using an in vitro fermentation system measuring changes in fecal microbiota, total gas production and formation of common SCFAs...
December 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214141/new-trends-in-anaphylaxis
#5
REVIEW
Margitta Worm, Gunter Sturm, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz, Victoria Cardona, Ioana Maris, Sabine Dölle
This review presents the current trends in anaphylaxis management discussed at the fourth International Network for Online-Registration of Anaphylaxis (NORA) conference held in Berlin in April 2017. Current data from the anaphylaxis registry show that Hymenoptera venom, foods, and pharmaceutical drugs are still among the most frequent triggers of anaphylaxis. Rare triggers include chicory, cardamom, asparagus, and goji berries. A meta-analysis on recent trends in insect venom anaphylaxis demonstrated for the first time that, although data on the efficacy of insect venom immunotherapy is limited, the occurrence of severe reactions upon repeated sting events can be prevented and patients' quality of life improved...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157907/expression-and-purification-of-plant-fructan-exohydrolases-and-their-potential-applications-in-fructose-production
#6
Wenyue Zhan, Lijin Jin, Jiao Jiao, Xi Zhang, Yan Zhang, Haiyan Zhao, Mingxiang Liang
Inulinases from microorganisms have been extensively studied for their role in the production of fructose from fructan. Fructan can also be hydrolyzed by plant fructan exohydrolases (FEHs), but these enzymes have not been used to produce fructose commercially. Two Ht1-FEHs (Ht1-FEH I and Ht1-FEH II) were recently characterized in Jerusalem artichoke. In this study, we cloned the third member of the Ht1-FEH family in Jerusalem artichoke (i.e., Ht1-FEH III). When heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris X-33, Ht1-FEH III not only demonstrated hydrolysis activity towards β (2, 1)-linked fructans and β (2, 6)-linked levan, but also towards sucrose...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109313/evaluation-of-the-antifungal-effect-of-chicory-extracts-on-candida-glabrata-and-candida-krusei-in-a-laboratory-environment
#7
Hosein Eslami, Hossein Babaei, Parisa Falsafi, Mahdi Rahbar, Fereshteh Najar-Karimi, Solmaz Pourzare-Mehrbani
AIM: This research has evaluated the extract's antifungal effects on Candida glabrata and Candida krusei in a laboratory environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this research, to evaluate the antifungal effect and the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) determination of chicory extract, the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) was used. Candida glabrata and C. krusei funguses were procured from the Tehran Pasteur Institute; they were grown in the relative growing environment according to the required conditions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063696/airborne-contact-dermatitis-in-a-patient-with-type-i-and-iv-sensitivity-to-chicory
#8
Anne Herman, Marie Baeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994541/-effect-of-chinese-herb-chicory-extract-on-expression-of-renal-transporter-glut9-in-rats-with-hyperuricemia
#9
Yu Wang, Zhi-Jian Lin, An-Zheng Nie, Li-Yu Li, Bing Zhang
Sixty SD male rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, benzbromarone group(20 mg•kg⁻¹•d⁻¹), chicory extract high dose, middle dose and low dose groups (5, 7.5, 10 g•kg⁻¹•d⁻¹). The rats in normal group were given with water, and the rats in other groups were given with 10% fructose solution to establish hyperuricemia models. All the rats were sacrificed on the 42th day. Then their serum uric acid(SUA), serum creatinine(CRE), urea nitrogen(BUN) and urinary uric acid(UUA) levels were detected to calculate the clearance rate of uric acid in kidney(CUA)...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929682/-virtual-screening-for-components-in-chicory-combined-with-cnt2-target-based-on-molecular-docking
#10
Yue Zhou, Bing Zhang, Zhi-Jian Lin, Xiao-Meng Zhang, Fan Li, Hai-Ge Wang, Xue-Jie Wang
To virtual screen the compound of Chicory combined with the concentrative nucleoside transporter 2 (CNT2) in molecular docking technology.The homology model of hCNT2 was produced, and then the Vina software was employed to virtual screen the Chicory compound combined with CNT2. Compared with 7,8,3'-trihydroxyflavone, a CNT2 inhibitors, 23 score higher chicory compounds were hit.Meanwhile, the ten top compounds have been revealed that play important role in decrease the uric level. The bioactivity to CNT2 needs to be investigatedin experiment...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922763/chicory-r2r3-myb-transcription-factors-cimyb5-and-cimyb3-regulate-fructan-1-exohydrolase-expression-in-response-to-abiotic-stress-and-hormonal-cues
#11
Hongbin Wei, Hongbo Zhao, Tao Su, Anja Bausewein, Steffen Greiner, Karsten Harms, Thomas Rausch
In the biennial Cichorium intybus, inulin-type fructans accumulate in the taproot during the first year. Upon cold or drought exposure, fructans are degraded by fructan exohydrolases, affecting inulin yield and degree of polymerization. While stress-induced expression of 1-FEH genes has been thoroughly explored, the transcriptional network mediating these responses has remained unknown. In this study, several R2R3-MYB transcriptional regulators were analysed for their possible involvement in 1-FEH regulation via transient transactivation of 1-FEH target promoters and for in vivo co-expression with target genes under different stress and hormone treatments...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921772/interplay-of-classic-exp-and-specific-vfm-quorum-sensing-systems-on-the-phenotypic-features-of-dickeya-solani-strains-exhibiting-different-virulence-levels
#12
Marta Potrykus, Nicole Hugouvieux-Cotte-Pattat, Ewa Lojkowska
Bacteria from the genus Dickeya cause severe symptoms on numerous economically important plants. D. solani is the Dickeya species most frequently found on infected potato plants in Europe. D. solani strains from different countries show high genetic homogeneity but significant differences in their virulence level. Dickeya species possess two quorum sensing (QS) mechanisms: the Exp system based on classic N-acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) signals and a specific system depending on the production and perception of a molecule of unknown structure, Virulence Factor Modulating (VFM)...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877771/stability-fatty-acid-composition-and-sensory-properties-of-the-m-longissimus-muscle-from-beef-steers-grazing-either-chicory-ryegrass-or-ryegrass
#13
C L Marley, R Fychan, J W Davies, V J Theobald, N D Scollan, R I Richardson, R Sanderson
Research has shown both production and health benefits for the use of chicory (Cichorium intybus) within ruminant diets. Despite this, little was known about the effects of this forage, containing differing fatty acid profiles and secondary plant compounds compared with ryegrass, on beef stability, fatty acid composition or sensory properties. An experiment was conducted to investigate whether the inclusion of chicory in the diet of grazing beef steers would alter these three properties in the M. Longissimus muscle when compared with beef steers grazing perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne)...
September 7, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807295/anthelmintic-effects-of-forage-chicory-cichorium-intybus-against-free-living-and-parasitic-stages-of-cooperia-oncophora
#14
Miguel Peña-Espinoza, Andrew R Williams, Stig M Thamsborg, Henrik T Simonsen, Heidi L Enemark
Chicory shows great promise as an anthelmintic forage for grazing ruminants that can reduce reliance on anti-parasitic drugs. Recently, we reported potent anthelmintic effects of chicory-based diets in infected cattle with significant reductions in worm burdens of the abomasal nematode Ostertagia ostertagi, whilst no apparent activity was observed against the small intestinal parasite Cooperia oncophora. To explore this discrepancy, we investigated direct anthelmintic effects of forage chicory against C. oncophora in vitro...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771735/polyphenol-content-in-vitro-bioaccessibility-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-widely-consumed-beverages
#15
Gema Baeza, Beatriz Sarriá, Laura Bravo, Raquel Mateos
BACKGROUND: Beverages prepared from antioxidant-rich plants are sources of polyphenols, the bioactivity of which depends on bioaccessibility in the gastrointestinal tract. This work evaluated the polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity of widely consumed beverages such as chamomile tea, yerba mate, a coffee blend (65% roasted: 35% green), and coffee-like substitutes such as chicory, malt and a soluble cereal mixture. Additionally, the bioaccessibility of the two beverages with the highest antioxidant capacity was evaluated using an in vitro digestion model...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740289/antioxidant-efficiency-of-polyphenols-from-coffee-and-coffee-substitutes-electrochemical-versus-spectrophotometric-approach
#16
Stanislava Gorjanović, Draženka Komes, Jovanka Laličić-Petronijević, Ferenc T Pastor, Ana Belščak-Cvitanović, Mile Veljović, Lato Pezo, Desanka Ž Sužnjević
Antioxidant (AO) capacity of instant, espresso, filter and Turkish/Greek coffee brews, coffee substitutes (roasted chicory root, barley, pea, chickpea, carob and dried fig) and individual compounds (phenolic acids, flavonoids, methylxanthines, N-methyl pyridinium and HMW melanoidins) was assessed using DC polarographic assay based on decrease of anodic current originating from hydroxo-perhydroxo mercury complex formed in alkaline solutions of H2O2 at potential of mercury dissolution, as well as three spectrophotometric assays (DPPH, ABTS and FRAP)...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732922/the-quality-of-functional-whole-meal-durum-wheat-spaghetti-as-affected-by-inulin-polymerization-degree
#17
Lucia Padalino, Cristina Costa, Amalia Conte, Maria Grazia Melilli, Carla Sillitti, Rosaria Bognanni, Salvatore Antonino Raccuia, Matteo Alessandro Del Nobile
The use of inulin in pasta improves the nutritional value decreasing the glycemic index in the blood after pasta ingestion but it compromises the sensory characteristics in terms of elasticity, firmness, bulkiness and adhesiveness. Thus, in this work, the impact of substituting whole-meal durum wheat flour with inulin on cooking quality, sensory and textural properties, digested starch and chemical composition of spaghetti was investigated. Two types of inulin at two different concentrations (2% and 4%) were adopted: inulin extracted from cardoon roots (CRI) (high polymerization degree) and commercial inulin (CHI) (low polymerization degree) produced from chicory...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686947/chicory-fructans-in-pig-diet-reduce-skatole-in-back-fat-of-entire-male-pigs
#18
M Aluwé, E Heyrman, S Theis, C Sieland, K Thurman, S Millet
Androstenone, skatole and indole are main compounds responsible for boar taint, an off-odour in meat of some entire male pigs. Several feed ingredients derived from chicory have been reported to reduce fat skatole levels, while results for indole are more contradictory. The skatole-reducing effect is probably based on the prebiotic effects described for fructan compounds. Inulin and oligofructose have a high and low degree of polymerization, respectively. The fermentation rate decreases with an increasing degree of polymerization, which may result in differing effects of the compounds on skatole and/or indole levels...
June 26, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649334/population-structure-in-chicory-cichorium-intybus-a-successful-u-s-weed-since-the-american-revolutionary-war
#19
Tomáš Závada, Rondy J Malik, Rick V Kesseli
Plant invasions are recognized as major drivers of ecosystem change, yet the precise cause of these invasions remains unknown for many species. Frequency and modes of introductions during the first, transport and colonization, stages of the invasion process as well as phenotypic changes due to plasticity or changing genetic diversity and adaptation during later establishment and expansion stages can all influence the "success" of invasion. Here, we examine some of these factors in, and the origin of, a very successful weed, Cichorium intybus (chicory) which was introduced to North America in the 18th century and which now can be found in all 48 continental U...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630638/cichorium-intybus-l-promotes-intestinal-uric-acid-excretion-by-modulating-abcg2-in-experimental-hyperuricemia
#20
Yu Wang, Zhijian Lin, Bing Zhang, Anzheng Nie, Meng Bian
BACKGROUND: Excessive production and/or reduced excretion of uric acid could lead to hyperuricemia, which could be a major cause of disability. Hyperuricemia has received increasing attention in the last few decades due to its global prevalence. Cichorium intybus L., commonly known as chicory, is a perennial herb of the asteraceae family. It was previously shown to exert potent hypouricemic effects linked with decreasing uric acid formation in the liver by down-regulating the activity of xanthine oxidase, and increasing uric acid excretion by up-regulating the renal OAT3 mRNA expression...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
keyword
keyword
110433
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"