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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348892/association-between-cadmium-exposure-and-diabetes-mellitus-risk-a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Ming Wu, Jukun Song, Chen Zhu, Yadong Wang, Xinhai Yin, Guanglei Huang, Ke Zhao, Jianguo Zhu, Zhuhui Duan, Lingkai Su
Cadmium (Cd) is a pollutant with multiple adverse health effects: cancer, renal dysfunction, osteoporosis and fracture, and cardiovascular disease. Several population-based studies found an association between Cd and diabetes mellitus (DM), but this association is inconsistent with other research. We conducted meta-analysis to examine relationship between urinary/blood Cd exposure and DM risk. Pertinent studies were identified by searching PubMed and Embase databases, and combined odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were applied to evaluate said association...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347927/prevalence-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-in-ethiopia-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Abadi Kidanemariam Berhe, Getachew Mullu Kassa, Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu, Achenef Asmamaw Muche
BACKGROUND: Although hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are the leading cause of poor perinatal outcomes in Ethiopia, there is no study that shows the national prevalence. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the national pooled prevalence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from studies conducted in different parts of the country. METHODS: Databases; MEDLINE, PubMed, HINARI, EMBASE, Google Scholar and African Journals Online were searched by using different search terms on HDP and Ethiopia...
January 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346709/rating-the-quality-of-a-body-of-evidence-on-the-effectiveness-of-health-and-social-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-mapping-of-evidence-domains
#3
Ani Movsisyan, Jane Dennis, Eva Rehfuess, Sean Grant, Paul Montgomery
INTRODUCTION: Rating the quality of a body of evidence is an increasingly common component of research syntheses on intervention effectiveness. This study sought to identify and examine existing systems for rating the quality of a body of evidence on the effectiveness of health and social interventions. METHODS: We used a multi-component search strategy to search for full-length reports of systems for rating the quality of a body of evidence on the effectiveness of health and social interventions published in English from 1995 onward...
January 18, 2018: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345530/who-benefits-from-psychotherapies-for-adult-depression-a-meta-analytic-update-of-the-evidence
#4
Pim Cuijpers, Eirini Karyotaki, Mirjam Reijnders, Marcus J H Huibers
It is not clear whether specific target groups for psychotherapies in adult depression benefit as much from these treatments as other patients. We examined target groups that have been examined in randomized trials, including women, older adults, students, minorities, patients with general medical disorders, and specific types of depression, and we examined where patients were recruited. We conducted subgroup and multivariate metaregression analyses in a sample of 256 trials (with 332 comparisons) comparing psychotherapy with an inactive control condition...
January 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343944/quantitative-assessment-of-the-effects-of-chitosan-intervention-on-blood-pressure-control
#5
Haohai Huang, Ying Zou, Honggang Chi
Background: Chitosan is a popular dietary fiber often used to reduce dietary fat absorption to control weight and blood lipids. However, its effects on blood pressure (BP) have not been fully elucidated. We evaluated the effects of chitosan administration on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) through a pooled analysis of available randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Materials and methods: Electronic searches were conducted in Medline, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and EMBASE to identify relevant human placebo-control RCTs...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340451/is-waste-collection-associated-with-hepatitis-b-infection-a-meta-analysis
#6
Marcos Paulo Gomes Mol, Sandy Cairncross, Dirceu Bartolomeu Greco, Leo Heller
This meta-analysis, which is based on a previously published systematic review, aims to contribute to the scientific discussion on hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in workers who are exposed to domestic and healthcare wastes. Publications were sought which had been made available on the data used by December 2013 and updated to December 2016. The quality of the included studies was assessed according to the guidelines of Loney et al. for the critical appraisal of studies on the prevalence or incidence of a health problem...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340247/weekend-effect-in-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Pei-Ching Shih, Shu-Jung Liu, Sung-Tse Li, Ai-Chen Chiu, Po-Chuan Wang, Lawrence Yu-Min Liu
Aim: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the weekend effect on the mortality of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding(UGIB). Methods: The review protocol has been registered in the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (registration number: CRD42017073313) and was written according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. We conducted a search of the PUBMED, COCHRANE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases from inception to August 2017...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340067/the-effects-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-tnf-%C3%AE-rs1800629-and-rs361525-polymorphisms-on-sepsis-risk
#8
Yixin Zhang, Xiaoteng Cui, Li Ning, Dianjun Wei
This meta-analysis of 23 eligible articles comprehensively and quantitatively evaluated the effects of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) rs1800629 and rs361525 polymorphisms on sepsis risk. We found that TNF-α rs1800629 was associated with increased sepsis risk in the overall population in four genetic models, including A vs. G (P<0.001, odds ratio (OR)=1.32), GA vs. GG (P<0.001, OR=1.46), GA+AA vs. GG (P<0.001, OR=1.46), and carrier A vs. carrier G (P<0.001, OR=1.32). Subgroup analyses showed a similar result for Asian patients (all P<0...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339311/general-crystallized-and-fluid-intelligence-are-not-associated-with-functional-global-network-efficiency-a-replication-study-with-the-human-connectome-project-1200-data-set
#9
J D Kruschwitz, L Waller, L S Daedelow, H Walter, I M Veer
One hallmark example of a link between global topological network properties of complex functional brain connectivity and cognitive performance is the finding that general intelligence may depend on the efficiency of the brain's intrinsic functional network architecture. However, although this association has been featured prominently over the course of the last decade, the empirical basis for this broad association of general intelligence and global functional network efficiency is quite limited. In the current study, we set out to replicate the previously reported association between general intelligence and global functional network efficiency using the large sample size and high quality data of the Human Connectome Project, and extended the original study by testing for separate association of crystallized and fluid intelligence with global efficiency, characteristic path length, and global clustering coefficient...
January 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338734/comparing-the-benefits-of-chemoradiotherapy-and-chemotherapy-for-resectable-stage-iii-a-n2-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Yuqiao Chen, Xiong Peng, Yuan Zhou, Kun Xia, Wei Zhuang
BACKGROUND: Induction chemotherapy has been shown to improve survival of patients with stage III A/N2 (T1-3, N2, M0) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), followed by resection, but the benefits of neoadjuvant radiotherapy still remain controversial. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library databases were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the outcomes of induction chemoradiotherapy over induction chemotherapy, in patients with resectable stage IIIA/N2 NSCLC...
January 16, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335858/effects-of-aidi-injection-with-western-medical-therapies-on-quality-of-life-for-patients-with-primary-liver-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Li Liu, Jian Liang, Xin Deng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Aidi Injection (, AD) in combination with Western medical therapies (WMT) in patients with primary liver cancer (PLC). METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing AD plus WMT with WMT alone were retrieved from inception to March 2013 by retrieving the literature database thoroughly and systematically. The extracted data from included studies were analyzed and synthesized by Review Manager 5.2 software. The Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to assess the quality of included studies, and Begg's and Egger's tests were used to evaluate the potential presence of publication bias...
January 15, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335371/the-relationship-between-telomere-length-and-mortality-risk-in-non-model-vertebrate-systems-a-meta-analysis
#12
Rachael V Wilbourn, Joshua P Moatt, Hannah Froy, Craig A Walling, Daniel H Nussey, Jelle J Boonekamp
Telomere length (TL) has become a biomarker of increasing interest within ecology and evolutionary biology, and has been found to predict subsequent survival in some recent avian studies but not others. Here, we undertake the first formal meta-analysis to test whether there is an overall association between TL and subsequent mortality risk in vertebrates other than humans and model laboratory rodents. We identified 27 suitable studies and obtained standardized estimates of the hazard ratio associated with TL from each...
March 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331855/retrievable-inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-pregnancy-risk-versus-benefit
#13
REVIEW
David A Crosby, Kevin Ryan, Niall McEniff, Patrick Dicker, Carmen Regan, Caoimhe Lynch, Bridgette Byrne
OBJECTIVE: Venous thromboembolism remains one of the leading causes of maternal mortality in the developed world. Retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters have a role in the prevention of lethal pulmonary emboli when anticoagulation is contraindicated or has failed [1]. It is unclear whether or not the physiological changes in pregnancy influence efficacy and complications of these devices. The decision to place an IVC filter in pregnancy is complex and there is limited information in terms of benefit and risk to the mother...
December 21, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329579/prevalence-and-incidence-of-major-depressive-disorders-among-people-living-with-hiv-residing-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#14
Jean Joel Bigna, Lewis N Um, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Aurelie T Sibetcheu, Arnaud D Kazé, Jobert Richie Nansseu
BACKGROUND: Depression represents one of the most frequent neuro-psychiatric diseases; it seems to be more prevalent in people living with HIV compared to the general population. However, summarized data in the African setting on the topic are scarce. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims at assessing the prevalence and incidence of major depressive disorders (MDD) in HIV-infected African populations residing in Africa. METHODS AND DESIGN: This review will include observational studies conducted among HIV-infected people residing in Africa, which have reported either the prevalence or incidence of MDD or enough data for its appraisal...
January 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328948/psychopathology-and-episodic-future-thinking-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-specificity-and-episodic-detail
#15
D J Hallford, D W Austin, K Takano, F Raes
Episodic future thinking (EFT) refers to the mental simulation of future events that might be personally-experienced; a crucial mental process in adaptation. Psychiatric disorders are associated with deficits in recalling episodic memory, however, no study has reviewed the empirical literature to assess for similar deficits in EFT. A systematic review comparing psychiatric groups with control groups on the specificity and episodic detail of EFT returned 19 eligible studies. An overall effect of g = -0.84 (95%CI = -1...
January 5, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327230/alcohol-alcoholic-beverages-and-melanoma-risk-a-systematic-literature-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Sara Gandini, Giovanna Masala, Domenico Palli, Benedetta Cavicchi, Calogero Saieva, Ilaria Ermini, Federica Baldini, Patrizia Gnagnarella, Saverio Caini
PURPOSE: Several studies in recent years have investigated the relationship between alcohol intake and melanoma risk, with conflicting results. To help clarify this issue, we conducted a literature review and dose-response meta-analysis of studies published until June 30th, 2017, that examined the association between alcohol intake (overall and by beverage type) and melanoma risk. METHODS: We used random effect models with maximum likelihood estimation to calculate summary relative risk (SRR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326186/factors-associated-with-neonatal-pneumonia-in-india-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-planned-meta-analysis
#17
Sreekumaran Nair, Leslie Edward Lewis, Myron Anthony Godinho, Shruti Murthy, Theophilus Lakiang, Bhumika T Venkatesh
INTRODUCTION: India accounts for more neonatal deaths than any other country. There is a lack of consolidated evidence from India regarding the determining factors of pneumonia in neonates. This systematic review is aimed to consolidate and appraise the evidence on risk factors and determinants of pneumonia among neonates in India. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol is part of a project consisting of three reviews (two systematic reviews and one scoping review) and a qualitative study on neonatal pneumonia in India...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324914/the-association-between-alzheimer-s-disease-and-cancer-systematic-review-meta-analysis
#18
Tilemachos Nektarios Papageorgakopoulos, Despina Moraitou, Maria Papanikolaou, Magda Tsolaki
The objective of the present study was the quantitative assessment of the previously documented inverse relationship between Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and cancer (CA) by conducting a meta-analysis and evaluating systematic differentiations of the aforementioned relationship based on cancer localization. For the purpose of the study all available empirical data of the last decade, which met specific criteria, were included in the analysis by querying PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases. Seven studies were included in the analysis, with a total sample of 18,887 (10,859 AD patients, 8,028 non-demented controls) participants to calculate cancer risk among AD patients, and 11 studies, with a total of 5,607,076 (1,853,318 cancer patients, 3,753,758 healthy controls) participants, were assessed to evaluate AD risk among cancer patients...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324848/platelet-rich-plasma-to-treat-experimentally-induced-skin-wounds-in-animals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Adolfo Maria Tambella, Anna Rita Attili, Gilles Dupré, Andrea Cantalamessa, Stefano Martin, Vincenzo Cuteri, Sabrina Marcazzan, Massimo Del Fabbro
The objective of the study was to review current literature to determine whether the topical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) promotes healing in experimentally-induced full-thickness skin wounds in animals. The hypothesis was that the adjunct of PRP has a positive effect on wound healing. An electronic search was carried out on the following databases: Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Research Gate, Cochrane Wounds Group, Veterinary Information Network. No publication date nor language restrictions were applied...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324070/does-implementation-of-biomathematical-models-mitigate-fatigue-and-fatigue-related-risks-in-emergency-medical-services-operations-a-systematic-review
#20
Francine O James, Lauren B Waggoner, Patricia M Weiss, P Daniel Patterson, J Stephen Higgins, Eddy S Lang, Hans P A Van Dongen
BACKGROUND: Work schedules like those of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel have been associated with increased risk of fatigue-related impairment. Biomathematical modeling is a means of objectively estimating the potential impacts of fatigue on performance, which may be used in the mitigation of fatigue-related safety risks. In the context of EMS operations, our objective was to assess the evidence in the literature regarding the effectiveness of using biomathematical models to help mitigate fatigue and fatigue-related risks...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
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