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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109194/family-health-strategy-and-equity-in-prenatal-care-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-minas-gerais-brazil
#1
Mônica Viegas Andrade, Kenya Valéria Micaela de Souza Noronha, Allan Claudius Queiroz Barbosa, Michelle Nepomuceno Souza, Júlia Almeida Calazans, Lucas Resende de Carvalho, Thiago Augusto Hernandes Rocha, Núbia Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Prenatal care coverage is still not universal or adequately provided in many low and middle income countries. One of the main barriers regards the presence of socioeconomic inequalities in prenatal care utilization. In Brazil, prenatal care is supplied for the entire population at the community level as part of the Family Health Strategy (FHS), which is the main source of primary care provided by the public health system. Brazil has some of the greatest income inequalities in the world, and little research has been conducted to investigate prenatal care utilization of FHS across socioeconomic groups...
January 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109189/parents-and-peers-normative-influence-on-adolescents-smoking-results-from-a-swiss-italian-sample-of-middle-schools-students
#2
Francesca Scalici, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: Adolescents observe and imitate people to whom they are associated in their social context, and the normative factors sent out by reference groups are crucial determinants of their decision to smoke. The aim of the study is to investigate how adolescents' smoking changes when they are exposed to factors of pro-smoking normative influence by parents and peers, and how age moderate this relation. A cross sectional survey collected data from 5657 students, aged between 11 and 14, from public and private middle schools in the Italian region of Switzerland (Ticino) on their smoking habits, perceived parents' and peers' approval and smoking...
January 21, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109181/stability-of-alcohol-use-and-teen-dating-violence-for-female-youth-a-latent-transition-analysis
#3
Hye Jeong Choi, JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Emily F Rothman, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol use is one of the most widely accepted and studied risk factors for teen dating violence (TDV). Too little research has explored longitudinally if it is true that an adolescent's alcohol use and TDV involvement simultaneously occur. In the current study, we examined whether there were latent status based on past-year TDV and alcohol use and whether female adolescents changed their statuses of TDV and alcohol use over time. METHODS: The sample consisted of 583 female youths in seven public high schools in Texas...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109172/integrated-treatment-options-for-male-perpetrators-of-intimate-partner-violence
#4
Cory A Crane, Caroline J Easton
ISSUES: Male-to-female intimate partner violence remains a worldwide public health issue with adverse physical and psychological consequences for victims, perpetrators and children. Personality disorders, addiction, trauma and mood symptoms are established risk factors for intimate partner violence perpetration and factor prominently into a recovery-oriented treatment approach. APPROACH: We reviewed the partner violence literature for detailed reports of traditional as well as innovative, integrated treatment approaches...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109121/cannabis-use-and-dating-violence-among-college-students-a-call-for-research
#5
Ryan C Shorey, Ellen Haynes, Catherine Strauss, Jeff R Temple, Gregory L Stuart
Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem on college campuses. Although there is a robust literature documenting that alcohol use is consistently associated with increased risk for perpetrating dating violence, little research has examined the role of cannabis in dating violence perpetration. With increasing legalisation of cannabis throughout the world, it is imperative to understand what role, if any, cannabis may play in the important public health problem of dating violence. In this commentary, we discuss the current state of the research on cannabis and dating violence and suggest avenues for additional research in this area...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109006/attitudes-towards-non-invasive-prenatal-diagnosis-among-obstetricians-in-pakistan-a-developing-islamic-country
#6
Shenaz Ahmed, Hussain Jafri, Yasmin Rashid, Gerald Mason, Yasmin Ehsan, Mushtaq Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Stakeholders' views are essential for informing implementation strategies for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). Little is known about such views in developing countries. We explored attitudes toward NIPT among obstetricians in Pakistan, a developing Islamic country. METHODS: A 35-item questionnaire was distributed and collected at eight events (a national conference and seven workshops in five cities) for obstetric professionals on advances in fetal medicine...
January 20, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108914/recent-approaches-to-estimate-associations-between-source-specific-air-pollution-and-health
#7
REVIEW
Jenna R Krall, Matthew J Strickland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Estimating health effects associated with source-specific exposure is important for better understanding how pollution impacts health and for developing policies to better protect public health. Although epidemiologic studies of sources can be informative, these studies are challenging to conduct because source-specific exposures (e.g., particulate matter from vehicles) often are not directly observed and must be estimated. We reviewed recent studies that estimated associations between pollution sources and health to identify methodological developments designed to address important challenges...
January 20, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108913/religion-and-public-health-moral-tradition-as-both-problem-and-solution
#8
Michael Rozier
Despite strong religious influence in the development of medicine and medical ethics, religion has been relatively absent in the rise of preventive medicine and population health. Episodic, clinical medicine has a powerful hold on the religious imagination in health care. Nevertheless, Hebrew Scripture, elements of rabbinical teaching, and modern concepts of social justice all can be used to inspire action in health care that goes beyond clinical medicine. The Christian tradition can call upon the corporal works of mercy, virtue ethics, and Catholic social teaching, as well as the modern history Catholic sisters in the U...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108911/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-modern-treatment-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
Lu Han, Yuan-Hong Xie, Rong Wu, Chen Chen, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Ping Wang
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive degenerative disorder of brain commonly seen among the elderly. As conventionally medical therapy is of limited relief and potential side effects, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has attracted growing public and professional attention. Therapies such as acupuncture, musical/rhythmic therapy and deep brain stimulation have been gradually proved positively in clinic. In this review, we retrospected the scientific or evidence-based-medicine advances of application and research for modern treatment of PD by CAM, especially traditional Chinese medicine in categories...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108879/patterns-of-social-affiliations-and-healthcare-engagement-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Rachel L Behler, Benjamin T Cornwell, John A Schneider
Little work has examined how individuals' social affiliations-the venues in which they meet friends and engage in informal social interaction-influence their engagement with public health services. We investigate how links to these local places shape access to information and exposure to health-seeking behavior. Using longitudinal data from a respondent-driven sample of 618 young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in Chicago, we identify different sets of social venues that connect YBMSM. We then examine how YBMSM's connections within this network influence their receipt of HIV prevention and treatment services and knowledge of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108850/baicalein-promotes-neuronal-and-behavioral-recovery-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage-via-suppressing-apoptosis-oxidative-stress-and-neuroinflammation
#11
Ning Wei, Yinghai Wei, Binru Li, Linlin Pang
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is an important public health problem in neurology, which is not only associated with high mortality but also leading to disability. Yet no satisfactory treatment has been developed. The secondary injury that resulted from a number of self-destructive processes such as neuroinflammation, apoptosis and oxidative stress, is the key factor contributing to ICH-induced brain damage. Baicalein has been proved to improve neuronal functional recovery in rat model of subarachnoid hemorrhage and ischemic brain damage...
January 21, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108804/antigenic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-rabies-virus-isolated-from-bats-mammalia-chiroptera-from-municipalities-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-southeastern-brazil
#12
Benedito Donizete Menozzi, Rafael de Novaes Oliveira, Laís Moraes Paiz, Virgínia Bodelão Richini-Pereira, Helio Langoni
Bats have aroused growing attention in the public health sphere because they are considered the main reservoir of rabies virus (RABV) in the Americas, in places where canine rabies is under control. Antigenic and genetic studies of RABV isolates have been used to describe the epidemiological profile of rabies and to identify possible hosts/reservoirs for different epidemiological cycles. This study describes the antigenic and genotypic characterization of 19 RABV isolates from central nervous system samples of non-hematophagous bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera)...
January 20, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108791/-acoustic-information-in-snoring-noises
#13
C Janott, B Schuller, C Heiser
BACKGROUND: More than one third of all people snore regularly. Snoring is a common accompaniment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and is often disruptive for the bed partner. OBJECTIVE: This work gives an overview of the history of and state of research on acoustic analysis of snoring for classification of OSA severity, detection of obstructive events, measurement of annoyance, and identification of the sound excitation location. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on these objectives, searches were conducted in the literature databases PubMed and IEEE Xplore...
January 20, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108765/score-study-quality-indicators-for-rheumatology-nursing-clinics
#14
Santiago Muñoz-Fernández, Ma Dolores Aguilar, Raquel Almodóvar, Laura Cano-García, Sandra Fortea, Cristina Patricia Alcañiz-Escandell, José R Rodríguez, Laura Cebrián, Pablo Lázaro
Nursing clinics in rheumatology (NCR) are organizational care models that provide care centred within the scope of nurses abilities. To analyse patients differences in the knowledge of the disease, adherence to the treatment, quality indicators of the Rheumatology Departments included quality perceived by the patients with and without NCR. National multicenter observational prospective cohort study 1 year follow-up, comparing patients attending rheumatology services with and without NCR. NCR was defined by the presence of: (1) office itself; (2) at least one dedicated nurse; (3) its own appointment schedule, and (4) phone...
January 20, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108750/-titanium-or-steel-as-osteosynthesis-material-systematic-literature-search-for-clinical-evidence
#15
Alexander Joeris, Sabine Goldhahn, Elke Rometsch, Dankward Höntzsch
BACKGROUND: The selection of the appropriate implant material, stainless steel or titanium, is still the decision of the surgeon and/or the affiliated institution. Additionally, remarkable international differences can be found between the different markets, which cannot really be explained. OBJECTIVE: A systematic literature search was performed to verify whether there is clinical evidence for the preference of one material over the other. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The systematic literature search was performed utilizing the internet databases PubMed, Cochrane and Web of Science...
January 20, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108734/valproic-acid-inhibits-glioblastoma-multiforme-cell-growth-via-paraoxonase-2-expression
#16
Jen-Ho Tseng, Cheng-Yi Chen, Pei-Chun Chen, Sheng-Huang Hsiao, Chi-Chen Fan, Yu-Chih Liang, Chie-Pein Chen
We studied the potential mechanisms of valproic acid (VPA) in the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Using the human U87, GBM8401, and DBTRG-05MG GBM-derived cell lines, VPA at concentrations of 5 to 20 mM induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Stress-related molecules such as paraoxonase 2 (PON2), cyclin B1, cdc2, and Bcl-xL were downregulated, but p27, p21 and Bim were upregulated by VPA treatment. VPA response element on the PON2 promoter was localized at position -400/-1...
January 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108660/from-benchmarking-hits-clip-peak-detection-programs-to-a-new-method-for-identification-of-mirna-binding-sites-from-ago2-clip-data
#17
Silvia Bottini, Nedra Hamouda-Tekaya, Bogdan Tanasa, Laure-Emmanuelle Zaragosi, Valerie Grandjean, Emanuela Repetto, Michele Trabucchi
Experimental evidence indicates that about 60% of miRNA-binding activity does not follow the canonical rule about the seed matching between miRNA and target mRNAs, but rather a non-canonical miRNA targeting activity outside the seed or with a seed-like motifs. Here, we propose a new unbiased method to identify canonical and non-canonical miRNA-binding sites from peaks identified by Ago2 Cross-Linked ImmunoPrecipitation associated to high-throughput sequencing (CLIP-seq). Since the quality of peaks is of pivotal importance for the final output of the proposed method, we provide a comprehensive benchmarking of four peak detection programs, namely CIMS, PIPE-CLIP, Piranha and Pyicoclip, on four publicly available Ago2-HITS-CLIP datasets and one unpublished in-house Ago2-dataset in stem cells...
January 20, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108592/social-class-variation-the-effect-of-the-economic-recession-and-childhood-obesity-at-3-years-of-age-in-ireland
#18
Samira Barbara Jabakhanji, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot, Fiona Boland, Regien Biesma
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported a social class gradient within overweight prevalence (1-4). Additionally, cross-country comparisons report high overweight trends and a change in food consumption patterns in countries affected by an economic crisis (5-11). The aim of this study was to assess the association between social class and recession on obesity levels in 3-year-old Irish children. METHODS: The population-based infant cohort of the national Growing Up in Ireland (GUI) study was used...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108546/automatic-health-record-review-to-help-prioritize-gravely-ill-social-security-disability-applicants
#19
Kenneth Abbott, Yen-Yi Ho, Jennifer Erickson
OBJECTIVE: Every year, thousands of patients die waiting for disability benefits from the Social Security Administration. Some qualify for expedited service under the Compassionate Allowance (CAL) initiative, but CAL software focuses exclusively on information from a single form field. This paper describes the development of a supplemental process for identifying some overlooked but gravely ill applicants, through automatic annotation of health records accompanying new claims. We explore improved prioritization instead of fully autonomous claims approval...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108530/use-of-performance-metrics-for-the-measurement-of-universal-coverage-for-maternal-care-in-mexico
#20
Edson Serván-Mori, David Contreras-Loya, Octavio Gomez-Dantés, Gustavo Nigenda, Sandra G Sosa-Rubí, Rafael Lozano
This study provides evidence for those working in the maternal health metrics and health system performance fields, as well as those interested in achieving universal and effective health care coverage. Based on the perspective of continuity of health care and applying quasi-experimental methods to analyse the cross-sectional 2009 National Demographic Dynamics Survey (n = 14 414 women), we estimated the middle-term effects of Mexico's new public health insurance scheme, Seguro Popular de Salud (SPS) (vs women without health insurance) on seven indicators related to maternal health care (according to official guidelines): (a) access to skilled antenatal care (ANC); (b) timely ANC; (c) frequent ANC; (d) adequate content of ANC; (e) institutional delivery; (f) postnatal consultation and (g) access to standardized comprehensive antenatal and postnatal care (or the intersection of the seven process indicators)...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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