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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779301/updates-on-aaa-screening-and-surveillance
#1
Mayo Theivendran, Jason Chuen
BACKGROUND: Screening and diagnostic surveillance of latent conditions have a profound impact on public healthcare expenditure and clinical outcomes. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) remains one of the hallmark pathologies in vascular surgery and an area of intense research interest. OBJECTIVE: This article is the second of two that will outline current areas of controversy and research in AAA disease in order to support a more detailed understanding of issues in managing patients with this condition, and inform the development of Australasian clinical guidelines and health policy...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779225/soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-associated-with-wastewater-and-sludge-reuse-a-review-of-current-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Isaac Dennis Amoah, Anthony Ayodeji Adegoke, Thor Axel Stenström
OBJECTIVE: To review current evidence on infections related to the concentration of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) eggs in wastewater, sludge and vegetables irrigated with wastewater or grown on sludge-amended soils. METHOD: Search of Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed and Google Scholar databases for publications reporting on STH egg concentration in wastewater, sludge and vegetables and for epidemiological studies on wastewater/sludge reuse and STH infections...
May 19, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779205/correction-to-morphological-reflections-of-evolutionary-adaptations-in-the-tongue-of-the-white-headed-duck
#3
Ghasem Akbari, Belal Hassanzadeh, Mohammad Sadegh Madadi, Mohammad Babaei
The affiliation of the third author has been incorrectly published in the original publication of the article. The correct affiliation is provided in this erratum.
May 19, 2018: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779198/redeveloping-substance-abuse-treatment-for-military-personnel
#4
REVIEW
Christian Schrader, Antoinette Lenton, Peter Gertonson, Alexander Rahimi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the prevailing evidence surrounding treatment of substance use disorder (SUD), with specific focus on alcohol, tobacco, and prescription opiates, and how it informs guidelines for treating active duty military. We survey the evidence regarding preventive screening, treatment, and relapse prevention in substance misuse as it pertains to patient-centered care of the service member. RECENT FINDINGS: Holistic, patient-centered care with an emphasis on identifying maladaptive use or dependence prior to progression to chronic disease is now recognized as the evidenced approach to treating substance use disorders...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779141/socioeconomic-factors-and-individual-lifestyles-influencing-the-incidence-of-patella-fractures-a-national-population-based-survey-in-china
#5
Yanbin Zhu, Song Liu, Wei Chen, Lin Wang, Xiaolin Zhang, Yingze Zhang
BACKGROUND: We aimed to do a national survey on the population-based incidence of patella fractures and related risk factors fracture in China. METHODS: All the data on patella fractures were available from the China National Fracture Survey (CNFS) between January and May in 2015. And in the CNFS, all eligible household members were selected from 24 urban cities and 24 rural counties of eight provinces of China, with stratified random sampling and the probability proportional to size method used...
May 19, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779130/the-present-and-the-future-of-genetic-testing-in-familial-hypercholesterolemia-opportunities-and-caveats
#6
REVIEW
Amanda J Hooper, John R Burnett, Damon A Bell, Gerald F Watts
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We summarize recent advances in the understanding of genetic testing in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), the use of expanded FH next-generation sequencing panels, and directions for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: The uptake of massively parallel sequencing in research and diagnostic laboratories has enabled expanded testing for FH and its phenocopies, with the added advantage that copy number variants can be detected. However, increasing the number of genes tested increases the number of variants detected, which may or may not be pathogenic...
May 19, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779074/health-information-seeking-behavior-among-college-students
#7
Corey H Basch, Sarah A MacLean, Rachelle-Ann Romero, Danna Ethan
Individuals have a wide range of resources when searching for health topics. The aim of this research was twofold: (1) to identify and assess the resources college students use when exercising health information seeking behavior (HISB); and (2) to examine perceptions and behaviors regarding adoption of online tools. A questionnaire was developed to assess HISB in a sample of college students. Items pertaining to HISB were adapted from a Health Information National Trends Survey with permission from the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779033/genome-wide-association-study-of-renal-function-traits-results-from-the-japan-multi-institutional-collaborative-cohort-study
#8
Asahi Hishida, Masahiro Nakatochi, Masato Akiyama, Yoichiro Kamatani, Takeshi Nishiyama, Hidemi Ito, Isao Oze, Yuichiro Nishida, Megumi Hara, Naoyuki Takashima, Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Miki Watanabe, Sadao Suzuki, Rie Ibusuki, Ippei Shimoshikiryo, Yohko Nakamura, Haruo Mikami, Hiroaki Ikezaki, Norihiro Furusyo, Kiyonori Kuriki, Kaori Endoh, Teruhide Koyama, Daisuke Matsui, Hirokazu Uemura, Kokichi Arisawa, Tae Sasakabe, Rieko Okada, Sayo Kawai, Mariko Naito, Yukihide Momozawa, Michiaki Kubo, Kenji Wakai
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a rapidly growing, worldwide public health problem. Recent advances in genome-wide-association studies (GWAS) revealed several genetic loci associated with renal function traits worldwide. METHODS: We investigated the association of genetic factors with the levels of serum creatinine (SCr) and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in Japanese population-based cohorts analyzing the GWAS imputed data with 11,221 subjects and 12,617,569 variants, and replicated the findings with the 148,829 hospital-based Japanese subjects...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778951/positive-influence-of-school-meals-on-food-consumption-in-brazil
#9
Nathália Tarossi Locatelli, Daniela Silva Canella, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the contribution of school meals to healthy food consumption among public school students in Brazil. METHODS: The data from the National Adolescent School-Based Health Survey (PeNSE), containing 86,660 ninth-grade students, were used. The students were asked about their consumption of school meals and of food in general over the preceeding seven days and on the day before the interview. A multinomial regression was performed to assess the relationship between the students' food consumption over the previous seven days and regular consumption of school meals (≥3 days/week), which were adjusted for sociodemographic factors...
March 23, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778918/cognitive-mechanisms-of-sleep-outcomes-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#10
Philip I Chow, Karen S Ingersoll, Frances P Thorndike, Holly R Lord, Linda Gonder-Frederick, Charles M Morin, Lee M Ritterband
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate in a randomized clinical trial the role of sleep-related cognitive variables in the long-term efficacy of an online, fully automated cognitive behavioral therapy intervention for insomnia (CBT-I) (Sleep Healthy Using the Internet [SHUTi]). METHOD: Three hundred and three participants (Mage  = 43.3 years; SD = 11.6) were randomly assigned to SHUTi or an online patient education condition and assessed at baseline, postintervention (nine weeks after baseline), and six and 12 months after the intervention period...
December 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778902/perspectives-on-the-past-present-and-future-of-cancer-nanomedicine
#11
Yu Seok Youn, You Han Bae
The justification of cancer nanomedicine relies on enhanced permeation (EP) and retention (R) effect and the capability of intracellular targeting due primarily to size after internalization (endocytosis) into the individual target cells. The EPR effect implies improved efficacy. Affinity targeting for solid tumors only occur after delivery to individual cells, which help internalization and/or retention. The design principles have been supported by animal results in numerous publications, but hardly translated...
May 17, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778814/environmental-and-lifestyle-factors-affecting-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-the-general-population-in-a-middle-eastern-area
#12
Mohammad Hoseini, Ramin Nabizadeh, Juana Maria Delgado-Saborit, Ata Rafiee, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Saeid Parmy, Sasan Faridi, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Masud Yunesian, Kazem Naddafi
The aim of this study was to investigate environmental and lifestyle factors affecting exposure to PAHs in the general population in a large city of the Middle East (Tehran) by measuring urinary monohydroxy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) and establishing relationships between PAHs exposure and related factors. Urine samples were collected from 222 randomly chosen subjects who were living in the urban area of Tehran, Iran. Subjects were required to complete a detailed questionnaire aimed to document their personal and sociodemographic information, activities, cooking-related appliances, smoking history/exposure, and consumed foodstuff...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778784/food-choice-considerations-among-american-indians-living-in-rural-oklahoma-the-thrive-study
#13
Marianna S Wetherill, Mary B Williams, Micah L Hartwell, Alicia L Salvatore, Tvli Jacob, Tamela K Cannady, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, Natia Anderson, Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan
In rural American Indian (AI) communities, access to affordable, healthy foods is often limited. Understanding AI food choice considerations when selecting foods, such as sensory appeal, cost, or health, is an important yet understudied topic for eliminating persistent AI health disparities. In partnership with the Chickasaw Nation and Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, we administered a modified version of the Food Choice Values (FCV) Questionnaire to a cross-sectional sample of 83 AI patrons shopping at tribally-owned convenience stores ≥3 times per week...
May 17, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778775/prenatal-exposures-to-tobacco-and-cannabis-associations-with-adult-electronic-cigarette-use
#14
Natacha M De Genna, Gale A Richardson, Lidush Goldschmidt, Nancy L Day, Marie D Cornelius
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal exposures to tobacco and cannabis are associated with combustible cigarette use. This study evaluated pathways from these prenatal exposures to adult electronic cigarette use. We tested whether there were indirect effects of these prenatal exposures via childhood behavior dysregulation, early tobacco use, and adolescent tobacco dependence. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with 427 adult offspring (22-33 years old) from 3 prenatal cohorts with trimester-specific data on exposures to tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis...
May 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778752/tools-to-assess-living-with-a-chronic-illness-a-systematic-review
#15
Leire Ambrosio, Mari Carmen Portillo
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the currently available instruments to assess living with a chronic illness and related aspects. METHOD: A review of the evidence was made using the databases: Medline, CINHAL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, Embase and Cuiden. The criteria that limited the search were: the language, English and / or Spanish and studies carried out in an adult population. Years of article publication were not used as a limit. RESULTS: A total of 16 instruments were identified and analysed that apparently measured the concept of living with a chronic illness and/or related aspects...
May 16, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778637/total-mandibulectomy-defect-in-the-setting-of-chronic-bisphosphonate-use
#16
Ameya A Jategaonkar, Arvind K Badhey, Fiyin Sokoya, Sameep Kadakia, Steven Mudrovich, Yadranko Ducic
Bisphosphonates are among several drugs known in modern medicine to have a potentially deleterious effect on the mandible with chronic use. While purportedly causing a necrotic reaction in the bone, the complete mechanism is not fully elucidated yet as cases are quite rare in the general public. Despite the esoteric nature of this entity, patients suffering from bisphosphonate induced necrosis have a complicated and prolonged course often involving varying degrees of mandibular debridement with severe cases requiring reconstruction...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778607/cost-effectiveness-of-gastric-cancer-screening-according-to-race-and-ethnicity
#17
Monica Saumoy, Yecheskel Schneider, Nicole Shen, Michel Kahaleh, Reem Z Sharaiha, Shailja C Shah
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There are marked racial and ethnic differences in noncardia gastric cancer prevalence within the United States (US). Although gastric cancer screening is recommended in regions of high prevalence, screening is not routinely performed in the US. Our objective was to determine whether selected noncardia gastric cancer screening for high-risk races and ethnicities within the US is cost effective. METHODS: We developed a decision analytic Markov model with the base case of a 50-year-old person of non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, or Asian race or ethnicity...
May 17, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778584/evaluating-the-capacity-of-california-s-publicly-funded-universities-to-provide-medication-abortion
#18
Sarah Raifman, Patricia Anderson, Shelly Kaller, Diane Tober, Daniel Grossman
OBJECTIVE: To explore the capacity of the University of California (UC) and California State University (CSU) student health centers to provide medication abortion (MA), to identify gaps in resources required to implement proposed Senate Bill 320, which would mandate the provision of MA on UC and CSU campuses, and to explore California student health center staff perspectives on the benefits and challenges of providing MA. STUDY DESIGN: UC and CSU student health center (SHC) staff participated in a self-administered online survey; we conducted in-depth data collection including site visits and conference calls at a subset of campuses...
May 17, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778546/imaging-genetics-paradigms-in-depression-research-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Lícia P Pereira, Cristiano A Köhler, Brendon Stubbs, Kamilla W Miskowiak, Gerwyn Morris, Bárbara P de Freitas, Trevor Thompson, Brisa S Fernandes, André R Brunoni, Michael Maes, Diego A Pizzagalli, André F Carvalho
Imaging genetics studies involving participants with major depressive disorder (MDD) have expanded. Nevertheless, findings have been inconsistent. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of imaging genetics studies that enrolled MDD participants across major databases through June 30th, 2017. Sixty-five studies met eligibility criteria (N = 4034 MDD participants and 3293 controls), and there was substantial between-study variability in the methodological quality of included studies. However, few replicated findings emerged from this literature with only 22 studies providing data for meta-analyses (882 participants with MDD and 616 controls)...
May 17, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778516/facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-hpv-vaccination-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-patients-at-a-boston-community-health-center
#20
Kaan Z Apaydin, Holly B Fontenot, Derri Shtasel, Sannisha K Dale, Christina P C Borba, Christopher S Lathan, Lori Panther, Kenneth H Mayer, Alex S Keuroghlian
BACKGROUND: Young sexual minority individuals have lower human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine completion rates than the general population, and little is known about how gender minority people perceive HPV vaccination. The aim of this study was to qualitatively identify patient-, provider-, and systems-level barriers and facilitators for HPV vaccination among sexual and gender minority (SGM) people. METHODS: Fifteen SGM-identified individuals, ages 23-26, were recruited at an urban community health center in Boston, MA, that specializes in care for SGM...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
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