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hearing science

Nesrine Hazem, Morgan Beaurenaut, Nathalie George, Laurence Conty
Human self-awareness is arguably the most important and revealing question of modern sciences. Converging theoretical perspectives link self-awareness and social abilities in human beings. In particular, mutual engagement during social interactions-or social contact-would boost self-awareness. Yet, empirical evidence for this effect is scarce. We recently showed that the perception of eye contact induces enhanced bodily self-awareness. Here, we aimed at extending these findings by testing the influence of social contact in auditory and tactile modalities, in order to demonstrate that social contact enhances bodily self-awareness irrespective of sensory modality...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kunihiko Hanew, Toshiaki Tanaka, Reiko Horikawa, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Susumu Yokoya
The reported prevalence of complications in Turner Syndrome (TS) was highly variable because of the rarity and the limited numbers analyzed. Again, possible presence of other complications that are not described as specific for TS, is also speculated. To resolve these issues, a questionnaire survey was conducted in hGH treated 492 patients with adult TS (17-42 years). The possible association with these complications and karyotypes were also analyzed. The complications and their prevalence were as follows: chronic thyroiditis (25...
March 7, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Kristina M Scharp, Brittan A Barker, Sidney N Rucker, Hannah D Jones
We aimed to determine the types of identities hearing parents construct when telling online stories about their children with hearing loss (HL) who use cochlear implants (CIs). To do so, we employed a qualitative design and sampled 20 different blogs United States origins and written by parents of children who use CIs. We then used thematic narrative analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006; Riessman, C. K. (2008). Narrative methods for the human sciences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.) to uncover recurring themes from these parents' blogs...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Lin-Quan Tang, Dong-Ping Chen, Ling Guo, Hao-Yuan Mo, Ying Huang, Shan-Shan Guo, Bin Qi, Qing-Nan Tang, Pan Wang, Xiao-Yun Li, Ji-Bin Li, Qing Liu, Yuan-Hong Gao, Fang-Yun Xie, Li-Ting Liu, Yang Li, Sai-Lan Liu, Hao-Jun Xie, Yu-Jing Liang, Xue-Song Sun, Jin-Jie Yan, Yi-Shan Wu, Dong-Hua Luo, Pei-Yu Huang, Yan-Qun Xiang, Rui Sun, Ming-Yuan Chen, Xing Lv, Lin Wang, Wei-Xiong Xia, Chong Zhao, Ka-Jia Cao, Chao-Nan Qian, Xiang Guo, Ming-Huang Hong, Zhi-Qiang Nie, Qiu-Yan Chen, Hai-Qiang Mai
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy is currently considered to be the standard treatment regimen for patients with advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma, but has well known side-effects such as gastrointestinal reactions, nephrotoxicity, and ototoxicity. Nedaplatin was developed to decrease the toxic effects induced by cisplatin, and in this trial we assessed whether a nedaplatin-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy regimen was non-inferior to a cisplatin-based regimen in patients with locoregional, stage II-IVB nasopharyngeal carcinoma...
February 28, 2018: Lancet Oncology
Shubhi Singh, Brian Blakley
OBJECTIVE: There is uncertainty regarding the safety of surgical antiseptic preparations in the ear. A systematic review of the literature was conducted to assess the evidence regarding ototoxicity of surgical antiseptic preparations. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using the PRISMA methods. Key words included "ototoxicity" "hearing loss", "antiseptic", "surgical preparation", "tympanoplasty", "vestibular dysfunction", "chlorhexidine", "iodine", "povidone", "ethanol", and "hydrogen peroxide" using Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus and Web of Science...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Aidan Maartens
Yrjö (Ykä) Helariutta is a group leader at The Institute of Biotechnology in the University of Helsinki and at the Sainsbury Laboratory in the University of Cambridge. Recently appointed an editor at Development, his lab works on vascular development in plants and trees. We met Ykä in his Cambridge office to hear how a childhood passion for collecting led him to plant science, what Arabidopsis can tell us about trees and vice versa, and why he thinks there are many different ways of being successful in science...
February 27, 2018: Development
Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Acary Souza Bulle de Oliveira, Robert Hudec, Tania Brusque Crocetta, Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Renata Thais de Almeida Barbosa, Regiani Guarnieri, Thais Massetti, David M Garner, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
OBJECTIVE: Describe the use of assistive technology to enhance communication opportunities for older adults. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in two databases, PubMed and Web of Science, by using two different searches in each. The search was limited to original articles, in English language, including people aged 60 years and older that used any type of assistive technology for communication. The articles found in the initial search were filtered by title, abstracts and the remaining articles were fully read...
February 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Jingkai Wei, Yirui Hu, Li Zhang, Qiang Hao, Ruowei Yang, Haidong Lu, Xuan Zhang, Eeshwar K Chandrasekar
Background: To estimate a pooled association between hearing impairment and risk of mild cognitive impairment and dementia. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for prospective cohort studies that examined the association between hearing impairment and risk of mild cognitive impairment and/or dementia. Random-effects models were fitted to estimate the summary risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs), which represents the pooled association between hearing impairment with risk of mild cognitive impairment and dementia, compared to subjects free of hearing impairment...
September 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
Carole E Johnson, Anna Marie Jilla, Jeffrey L Danhauer
The number of people over 65 years of age is increasing, and many of those individuals will have sensorineural hearing loss in addition to other chronic health conditions. Future hearing health care providers need to be sensitive to the needs of elderly patients. The purpose of this article is to describe an experiential learning curriculum used in the Doctor of Audiology program in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center. The curriculum uses simulations of sensory disorders common in the elderly to transform knowledge and active experience into patient-centered, empathetic counseling skills and strategies to use with older adults with hearing loss...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
Thien Nguyen, Courtney Duong, John P Sheppard, Seung Jin Lee, Amar U Kishan, Percy Lee, Stephen Tenn, Robert Chin, Tania B Kaprealian, Isaac Yang
Vestibular schwannomas (VS) are benign tumors stemming from the eighth cranial nerve. Treatment options for VS include conservative management, microsurgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, and fractionated radiotherapy. Though microsurgery has been the standard of care for larger lesions, hypo-fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (hypo-FSRT) is an emerging modality. However, its clinical efficacy and safety have yet to be established. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of manuscripts indexed in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane databases reporting outcomes of VS cases treated with hypo-FSRT...
March 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Øyvind Nordvik, Peder O Laugen Heggdal, Jonas Brännström, Flemming Vassbotn, Anne Kari Aarstad, Hans Jørgen Aarstad
Background: To the best of our knowledge, no empirically based consensus has been reached as to if, and to what extent, persons with hearing loss (HL) have reduced generic Quality of life (QoL). There seems to be limited knowledge regarding to what extent a hearing aid (HA) would improve QoL. The main aim of the present study was to review studies about the relationship between HL and QoL. A supporting aim was to study the association between distress and HL. Methods: Literature databases (Cinahl, Pub Med and Web of Science) were searched to identify relevant journal articles published in the period from January 2000 to March 17, 2016...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Adam R Coughlin, Tyler J Willman, Samuel P Gubbels
OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term hearing preservation rate for spontaneous vestibular schwannoma treated by primary radiotherapy. DATA SOURCES: The MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Reviews, and EMBASE databases were searched using a comprehensive Boolean keyword search developed in conjunction with a scientific librarian. English language papers published from 2000 to 2016 were evaluated. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria: full articles, pretreatment and posttreatment audiograms or audiogram based scoring system, vestibular schwannoma only tumor type, reported time to follow-up, published after 1999, use of either Gamma Knife or linear accelerator radiotherapy...
March 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Rohit Ravi, Dhanshree R Gunjawate, Krishna Yerraguntla, Bellur Rajashekhar
INTRODUCTION: The success of newborn hearing screening programs lies in the timely identification, diagnosis, and management of children with hearing loss accomplished via a multidisciplinary newborn hearing screening (NHS) team. The team is typically comprised of various healthcare professionals who act as decision makers as well as facilitators for different stages in the screening process. Team members' knowledge of, attitudes towards, and practices for early hearing detection and intervention programs are critical for success and prevention of loss to follow up...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Kathrin Lang
The power of CPS, live! More than 90 attendees from around the world came together in Haifa to present and hear about cutting-edge science in protein chemistry, from advances in synthetic methods to applications in biology and medicine. The meeting was a powerful demonstration that chemical protein synthesis can provide otherwise unattainable insights into protein structure and function.
December 18, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Jaipreet Virdi, Coreen McGuire
The provision of standardized hearing aids is now considered to be a crucial part of the UK National Health Service. Yet this is only explicable through reference to the career of a woman who has, until now, been entirely forgotten. Dr Phyllis Margaret Tookey Kerridge (1901-1940) was an authoritative figure in a variety of fields: medicine, physiology, otology and the construction of scientific apparatus. The astounding breadth of her professional qualifications allowed her to combine features of these fields and, later in her career, to position herself as a specialist to shape the discipline of audiometry...
December 13, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
Sofia Banzhoff, Maria Del Mar Ropero, Gabriele Menzel, Tatjana Salmen, Manfred Gross, Philipp P Caffier
Playing a musical instrument can affect physical and mental health. A literature review was conducted to determine the prevalence of health problems among oboists, which medical conditions can be caused or exacerbated by playing, whether oboe playing can be a protective factor, and whether recommendations are possible as to who should or should not play the oboe. Searches in 7 databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SocIndex, PsyIndex, Psychinfo) yielded a total of 950 studies; after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, 37 articles were selected for final analysis...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Martin Ptok, Helen Grech, Ellen Raben Pedersen, André Brechmann, Naïma Deggouj, Christiane Kiese-Himmel, Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska, Andreas Nickisch, Laurent Demanez, Evelyne Veuillet, Hung Thai-Van, Tony Sirimanna, Marina Callimachou, Rosamaria Santarelli, Sandra Kuske, Jose Barajas, Mladen Hedjever, Ozlem Konukseven, Dorothy Veraguth, Tone Stokkereit Mattsson, Jorge Humberto Martins, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Current notions of "hearing impairment," as reflected in clinical audiological practice, do not acknowledge the needs of individuals who have normal hearing pure tone sensitivity but who experience auditory processing difficulties in everyday life that are indexed by reduced performance in other more sophisticated audiometric tests such as speech audiometry in noise or complex non-speech sound perception. This disorder, defined as "Auditory Processing Disorder" (APD) or "Central Auditory Processing Disorder" is classified in the current tenth version of the International Classification of diseases as H93...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Gholamreza Badfar, Akram Mansouri, Masoumeh Shohani, Hamid Karimi, Zahra Khalighi, Shoboo Rahmati, Ali Delpisheh, Yousef Veisani, Ali Soleymani, Milad Azami
Background: Hearing disorders are reported in thalassemia patients treated with deferoxamine. This study aimed to assess hearing loss in Iranian thalassemia major patients treated with deferoxamine. Methods: This review article was designed based on PRISMA guidelines. To review the literature, two researchers studied national and international databases including Iranmedex, Magiran, Medlib, SID, Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science and Google Scholar without time limit until May 2017...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Zane Schnurman, John G Golfinos, J Thomas Roland, Douglas Kondziolka
OBJECTIVE It is common for a medical disorder to be managed or researched by individuals who work within different specialties. It is known that both neurosurgeons and neurotologists manage vestibular schwannoma (VS) patients. While overlap in specialty focus has the potential to stimulate multidisciplinary collaboration and innovative thinking, there is a risk of specialties forming closed-communication loops, called knowledge silos, which may inhibit knowledge diffusion. This study quantitatively assessed knowledge sharing between neurosurgery and otolaryngology on the subject of VS...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Amber G F Griffiths, Kirsty M Kemp, Kaffe Matthews, Joanne K Garrett, David J Griffiths
The Sonic Kayak is a musical instrument used to investigate nature and developed during open hacklab events. The kayaks are rigged with underwater environmental sensors, which allow paddlers to hear real-time water temperature sonifications and underwater sounds, generating live music from the marine world. Sensor data is also logged every second with location, time and date, which allows for fine-scale mapping of water temperatures and underwater noise that was previously unattainable using standard research equipment...
November 2017: PLoS Biology
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