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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925017/community-health-workers-perceptions-in-relation-to-speech-and-language-disorders
#1
Carla Cristina Lins Santos Knochenhauer, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
Purpose: To know the perception of the Community Health Workers (CHW) about the speech and language disorders. Method: Cross-sectional study, which involved a questionnaire with questions related to the knowledge of CHW on speech and language disorders. The research was carried out with CHW allocated in the Centro Sanitary District of Florianópolis. Results: We interviewed 35 CHW, being mostly (80%) female gender, with a average age of 47 years (standard deviation = 2...
December 1, 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907811/using-the-oases-a-to-illustrate-how-network-analysis-can-be-applied-to-understand-the-experience-of-stuttering
#2
Cynthia S Q Siew, Kristin M Pelczarski, J Scott Yaruss, Michael S Vitevitch
PURPOSE: Network science uses mathematical and computational techniques to examine how individual entities in a system, represented by nodes, interact, as represented by connections between nodes. This approach has been used by Cramer et al. (2010) to make "symptom networks" to examine various psychological disorders. In the present analysis we examined a network created from the items in the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering-Adult (OASES-A), a commonly used measure for evaluating adverse impact in the lives of people who stutter...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896493/hearing-impairment-and-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#3
REVIEW
Yuqiu Zheng, Shengnuo Fan, Wang Liao, Wenli Fang, Songhua Xiao, Jun Liu
Observational studies suggested an association between hearing impairment and cognitive disorders. However, whether hearing impairment is an independent risk factor or a harbinger of Alzheimer's disease remains controversial. Our goal was to assess the association between hearing impairment (HI) and the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by conducting a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. We comprehensively searched the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases on January 19, 2016 to incorporate all the prospective cohort studies meeting the inclusion criteria to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis...
November 28, 2016: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894912/hearing-thresholds-at-high-frequency-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-systematic-review
#4
Debora T M Caumo, Lúcia B Geyer, Adriana R Teixeira, Sérgio S M Barreto
INTRODUCTION: High-frequency audiometry may contribute to the early detection of hearing loss caused by ototoxic medications. Many ototoxic drugs are widely used in the treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis. Early detection of hearing loss should allow known harmful drugs to be identified before the damage affects speech frequencies. The damage caused by ototoxicity is irreversible, resulting in important social and psychological consequences. In children, hearing loss, even when restricted to high frequencies, can affect the development of language...
November 9, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891020/preventing-medico-legal-issues-in-clinical-practice
#5
REVIEW
Bevinahalli N Raveesh, Ragavendra B Nayak, Shivakumar F Kumbar
The medical profession is considered to be one of the noblest professions in the world. The practice of medicine is capable of rendering noble service to humanity provided due care, sincerity, efficiency, and professional skill is observed by the doctors. However, today, the patient-doctor relationship has almost diminished its fiduciary character and has become more formal and structured. Doctors are no longer regarded as infallible and beyond questioning. Corporatization of health care has made it like any other business, and the medical profession is increasingly being guided by the profit motive rather than that of service...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869873/-scientific-editors-in-italy-identity-certification-and-roles
#6
Paola De Castro, Federica Napolitani, Elisabetta Poltronieri, Anna Maria Rossi
This study is developed as part of the activities of the Italian Chapter of the European Association of Science Editors (EASE) with the aim to provide an overview of the Italian scientific publishing in biomedicine and highlight the need for professional training and certification. Even at European and international level, in fact, there is a general lack of training and accreditation programs for the certification of professional editors. After defining the editor's role (term that in the Italian language has a certain degree of ambiguity) and the different professionals involved in the publication process, the paper analyzes the biomedical production in Italy, reporting the results of a survey on professional associations, institutions, scientific societies, and others...
November 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864471/structuring-process-evaluation-to-forecast-use-and-sustainability-of-an-intervention-theory-and-data-from-the-efficacy-trial-for-lunch-is-in-the-bag
#7
Cindy Roberts-Gray, Sara J Sweitzer, Nalini Ranjit, Christa Potratz, Magdalena Rood, Maria Jose Romo-Palafox, Courtney E Byrd-Williams, Margaret E Briley, Deanna M Hoelscher
Background A cluster-randomized trial at 30 early care and education centers (Intervention = 15, waitlist Control = 15) showed the Lunch Is in the Bag intervention increased parents' packing of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in their preschool children's bag lunches (parent-child dyads = 351 Intervention, 282 Control). Purpose To examine the utility of structuring the trial's process evaluation to forecast use, sustainability, and readiness of the intervention for wider dissemination and implementation...
November 17, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833874/effect-of-type-1-tympanoplasty-on-the-quality-of-life-of-csom-patients
#8
Khyati Bhatia, Lakshmi Vaid, H C Taneja
Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) continues to be an important public health problem despite significant advances in medical science. Ear discharge, pain, discomfort, difficulty in hearing, limitation of routine activities and emotional problems due to CSOM cause a significant impact on the health and general well being of the patient. We have done Type 1 tympanoplasty in tubotympanic type of COM to reconstruct the tympanic membrane and alleviate the symptoms of the patients. This study presents an analysis of the impact of the surgery on the patient subjectively and its correlation with objective outcomes...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796100/practices-and-views-of-audiologists-regarding-aural-rehabilitation-services-for-adults-with-acquired-hearing-loss
#9
Musa Makhoba, Neethie Joseph
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss in adults is one of the leading disabilities globally. It is managed through aural rehabilitation for which there is a paucity of literature in South Africa. This raises the question of interest, the integrity of holistic service provision amongst audiologists and whether interest and challenges affect current practices. OBJECTIVES: To describe audiologists' practices and views on aural rehabilitation services for adults, including interest and challenges experienced...
September 29, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762490/lessons-from-two-high-co2-worlds-future-oceans-and-intensive-aquaculture
#10
Robert P Ellis, Mauricio A Urbina, Rod W Wilson
Exponentially rising CO2 (currently ~400 μatm) is driving climate change and causing acidification of both marine and freshwater environments. Physiologists have long known that CO2 directly affects acid-base and ion regulation, respiratory function and aerobic performance in aquatic animals. More recently, many studies have demonstrated that elevated CO2 projected for end of this century (e.g. 800-1000 μatm) can also impact physiology, and have substantial effects on behaviours linked to sensory stimuli (smell, hearing and vision) both having negative implications for fitness and survival...
October 20, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755363/the-role-of-telemedicine-in-auditory-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#11
Matthew L Bush, Robin Thompson, Catherine Irungu, John Ayugi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of live telemedicine applications in hearing amplification and cochlear implantation. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINALH, and Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed research. Inclusion criteria were titles containing words from the search terms 1) audiology, otolaryngology, and hearing impairment, 2) rehabilitative methods, and 3) telemedicine...
December 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743437/risk-factors-and-awareness-of-hpv-in-turkish-people-with-anogenital-warts-in-bagcilar-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Betul Tas, Kamuran Turker, Elcin Balci
BACKGROUND: Anogenital warts (AGWs) are epithelial tumors which develop as a result of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. We aimed to assess the sociodemographic, sexual and other possible risk-factors, and awareness of the HPV infection among Turkish people with AGW in the Bagcilar district of Istanbul. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 273 patients (183 men, 90 women) with AGW between October 2014 - March 2015. The patients' sociodemographics were recorded along with their possible risk-factors and clinical findings...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729159/universal-neonatal-hearing-screening-program-in-shanghai-china-an-inter-regional-and-international-comparison
#13
Xingang Fang, Xi Li, Qi Zhang, Jin Wan, Mei Sun, Fengshui Chang, Jun Lü, Gang Chen
OBJECTIVE: By comparing the Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening (UNHS) program as implemented in Shanghai and other regions in China and countries around the world, this study makes an assessment of the Shanghai model and summarizes the experiences implementing the UNHS program, so as to provide a valuable reference for other countries or regions to carry out UNHS more effectively. Since Shanghai is one of the most developed regions in China, we also examined the relationship between economic development and the UNHS starting year and coverage rate...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697129/auditory-profiling-and-hearing-aid-satisfaction-in-hearing-aid-candidates
#14
Nicoline Thorup, Sébastien Santurette, Søren Jørgensen, Erik Kjærbøl, Torsten Dau, Morten Friis
INTRODUCTION: Hearing-impaired (HI) listeners often complain about difficulties communicating in the presence of background noise, although audibility may be restored by a hearing-aid (HA). The audiogram typically forms the basis for HA fitting, i.e. people with similar audiograms are given the same prescription by default. This study aimed at identifying clinically relevant tests that may serve as an informative addition to the audiogram and which may relate more directly to HA satisfaction than the audiogram does...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652356/a-novel-missense-mutation-in-the-c2c-domain-of-otoferlin-causes-profound-hearing-impairment-in-an-omani-family-with-auditory-neuropathy
#15
Nadia M Al-Wardy, Mohammed N Al-Kindi, Mazin J Al-Khabouri, Yahya Tamimi, Guy Van Camp
OBJECTIVES: To identify genetic defects in an Omani family diagnosed with deafness.  METHODS: A cross-sectional association study was conducted at the Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Al-Khoud, Oman and the Centre of Medical Genetics, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium between August 2010 and September 2014. Microsatellites markers for nine non-syndromic genes were used to genotype the defective locus using the extracted DNA from family members...
October 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626079/preferences-to-patient-centeredness-in-pre-service-speech-and-hearing-sciences-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Ashley L Dockens, Monica L Bellon-Harn, Vinaya Manchaiah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patient-centeredness is a critical approach to rehabilitation in allied health professions and is an imperative component of evidence-based practice. However, it is unknown if patient-centeredness is valued by students enrolled in allied health. This study was aimed at determining preferences to patient-centeredness in pre-service speech and hearing students in the field of speech and hearing sciences. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Pre-service speech and hearing students (n=93) completed the Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale (PPOS) and were grouped according to low, medium, or high exposure to curriculum content...
September 2016: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625615/on-the-un-importance-of-working-memory-in-speech-in-noise-processing-for-listeners-with-normal-hearing-thresholds
#17
Christian Füllgrabe, Stuart Rosen
With the advent of cognitive hearing science, increased attention has been given to individual differences in cognitive functioning and their explanatory power in accounting for inter-listener variability in the processing of speech in noise (SiN). The psychological construct that has received much interest in recent years is working memory. Empirical evidence indeed confirms the association between WM capacity (WMC) and SiN identification in older hearing-impaired listeners. However, some theoretical models propose that variations in WMC are an important predictor for variations in speech processing abilities in adverse perceptual conditions for all listeners, and this notion has become widely accepted within the field...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613211/going-glp-conducting-toxicology-studies-in-compliance-with-good-laboratory-practices
#18
Erica Eggers Carroll
Good laboratory practice standards are US federal regulations enacted as part of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (40 CFR Part 160), the Toxic Substance Control Act (40 CFR Part 792), and the Good Laboratory Practice for Nonclinical Laboratory Studies (21 CFR Part 58) to support protection of public health in the areas of pesticides, chemicals, and drug investigations in response to allegations of inaccurate data acquisition. Essentially, good laboratory practices (GLPs) are a system of management controls for nonclinical research studies involving animals to ensure the uniformity, consistency, reliability, reproducibility, quality, and integrity of data collected as part of chemical (including pharmaceuticals) tests, from in vitro through acute to chronic toxicity tests...
October 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597827/the-longitudinal-impact-of-hearing-impairment-on-cognition-differs-according-to-cognitive-domain
#19
Yasue Uchida, Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Saiko Sugiura, Rei Otsuka, Hiromi Ueda, Tsutomu Nakashima, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata
Identification and modification of the risk factors for cognitive decline throughout the adult life span are priority subjects in a progressively aging society; however, much remains to be learned. The aim of this study was to understand whether changes in cognitive function can be affected by hearing impairment (HI) and whether the impact of HI differs depending on the cognitive domain. A total of 1109 individuals aged 60-79 years at baseline who participated in the Longitudinal Study of Aging at the National Institute for Longevity Sciences (NILS-LSA) was followed up for a maximum of 13...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590455/contextualizing-learning-to-improve-care-using-collaborative-communities-of-practices
#20
Lianne Jeffs, Julie McShane, Virginia Flintoft, Peggy White, Alyssa Indar, Maria Maione, A J Lopez, Sue Bookey-Bassett, Lauren Scavuzzo
BACKGROUND: The use of interorganizational, collaborative approaches to build capacity in quality improvement (QI) in health care is showing promise as a useful model for scaling up and accelerating the implementation of interventions that bridge the "know-do" gap to improve clinical care and provider outcomes. Fundamental to a collaborative approach is interorganizational learning whereby organizations acquire, share, and combine knowledge with other organizations and have the opportunity to learn from their respective successes and challenges in improvement areas...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
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