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auditory evoked responses

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784430/microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm-surgical-techniques-and-intraoperative-monitoring
#1
M Sindou, P Mercier
Primary hemifacial spasm with few exceptions is due to the vascular compression of the facial nerve that can be evidenced with high resolution MRI. Microvascular decompression is the only curative treatment for this pathology. According to literature review detailed in chapter "conflicting vessels", the compression is located at the facial Root Exit Zone (REZ) in 95% of the cases, and in 5% distally at the cisternal or the intrameatal portion of the root as the sole conflict or in addition to one at brainstem/REZ...
May 18, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782442/informational-masking-effects-on-neural-encoding-of-stimulus-onset-and-acoustic-change
#2
Christopher E Niemczak, Kathy R Vander Werff
OBJECTIVE: Recent investigations using cortical auditory evoked potentials have shown masker-dependent effects on sensory cortical processing of speech information. Background noise maskers consisting of other people talking are particularly difficult for speech recognition. Behavioral studies have related this to perceptual masking, or informational masking, beyond just the overlap of the masker and target at the auditory periphery. The aim of the present study was to use cortical auditory evoked potentials, to examine how maskers (i...
May 18, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779419/an-evaluation-of-hearing-in-infants-administered-with-colistin-in-the-premature-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#3
Selman Sarıca, Sadık Yurttutan
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of colistin on hearing by evaluating the otoacoustic emission tests and clinical auditory brainstem responses in preterm infants treated with colistin in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHOD: The study included 30 neonates (male: n = 16, female: n = 14) born before 37 weeks who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam Medical Faculty between January 2014 and January 2015 and who were treated with colistin during their time in intensive care because of infection...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773471/increased-spontaneous-firing-rates-in-auditory-midbrain-following-noise-exposure-are-specifically-abolished-by-a-kv3-channel-modulator
#4
Lucy A Anderson, Lara L Hesse, Nadia Pilati, Warren M H Bakay, Giuseppe Alvaro, Charles H Large, David McAlpine, Roland Schaette, Jennifer F Linden
Noise exposure has been shown to produce long-lasting increases in spontaneous activity in central auditory structures in animal models, and similar pathologies are thought to contribute to clinical phenomena such as hyperacusis or tinnitus in humans. Here we demonstrate that multi-unit spontaneous neuronal activity in the inferior colliculus (IC) of mice is significantly elevated four weeks following noise exposure at recording sites with frequency tuning within or near the noise exposure band, and this selective central auditory pathology can be normalised through administration of a novel compound that modulates activity of Kv3 voltage-gated ion channels...
April 30, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768189/neural-responses-to-perturbations-in-visual-and-auditory-metronomes-during-sensorimotor-synchronization
#5
Daniel C Comstock, Ramesh Balasubramaniam
Tapping in synchrony to an isochronous rhythm involves several key functions of the sensorimotor system including timing, prediction and error correction. While auditory sensorimotor synchronization (SMS) has been well studied, much less is known about mechanisms involved in visual SMS. By comparing error correction in auditory and visual SMS, it can be determined if the neural mechanisms for detection and correction of synchronization errors are generalized or domain specific. To study this problem, we measured EEG while subjects tapped in synchrony to separate visual and auditory metronomes that both contained small temporal perturbations to induce errors...
May 13, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764783/an-analysis-of-the-parameters-used-in-speech-abr-assessment-protocols
#6
Milaine D Sanfins, Stavros Hatzopoulos, Caroline Donadon, Thais A Diniz, Leticia R Borges, Piotr H Skarzynski, Maria Francisca Colella-Santos
The aim of this study was to assess the parameters of choice, such as duration, intensity, rate, polarity, number of sweeps, window length, stimulated ear, fundamental frequency, first formant, and second formant, from previously published speech ABR studies. To identify candidate articles, five databases were assessed using the following keyword descriptors: speech ABR, ABR-speech, speech auditory brainstem response, auditory evoked potential to speech, speech-evoked brainstem response, and complex sounds...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764252/response-properties-of-the-human-frequency-following-response-ffr-to-speech-and-non-speech-sounds-level-dependence-adaptation-and-phase-locking-limits
#7
Gavin Bidelman, Louise Powers
OBJECTIVE: The frequency-following response (FFR) is a neurophonic potential used to assess auditory neural encoding at subcortical stages. Despite the FFR's empirical and clinical utility, basic response properties of this evoked potential remain undefined. DESIGN: We measured FFRs to speech and nonspeech (pure tone, chirp sweeps) stimuli to quantify three key properties of this potential: level-dependence (I/O functions), adaptation and the upper limit of neural phase-locking...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761891/processed-electroencephalogram-and-evoked-potential-techniques-for-amelioration-of-postoperative-delirium-and-cognitive-dysfunction-following-non-cardiac-and-non-neurosurgical-procedures-in-adults
#8
REVIEW
Yodying Punjasawadwong, Waraporn Chau-In, Malinee Laopaiboon, Sirivimol Punjasawadwong, Pathomporn Pin-On
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) may complicate a patient's postoperative recovery in several ways. Monitoring of processed electroencephalogram (EEG) or evoked potential (EP) indices may prevent or minimize POD and POCD, probably through optimization of anaesthetic doses. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the use of processed EEG or auditory evoked potential (AEP) indices (bispectral index (BIS), narcotrend index, cerebral state index, state entropy and response entropy, patient state index, index of consciousness, A-line autoregressive index, and auditory evoked potentials (AEP index)) as guides to anaesthetic delivery can reduce the risk of POD and POCD in non-cardiac surgical or non-neurosurgical adult patients undergoing general anaesthesia compared with standard practice where only clinical signs are used...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759684/how-aging-impacts-the-encoding-of-binaural-cues-and-the-perception-of-auditory-space
#9
REVIEW
Ann Clock Eddins, Erol J Ozmeral, David A Eddins
Over the years, the effect of aging on auditory function has been investigated in animal models and humans in an effort to characterize age-related changes in both perception and physiology. Here, we review how aging may impact neural encoding and processing of binaural and spatial cues in human listeners with a focus on recent work by the authors as well as others. Age-related declines in monaural temporal processing, as estimated from measures of gap detection and temporal fine structure discrimination, have been associated with poorer performance on binaural tasks that require precise temporal processing...
May 5, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756544/influence-of-malnutrition-on-the-development-of-the-central-nervous-system-of-malnourished-children
#10
Rosimar Costa Penido, Myriam Lima Isaac, Alexandre Batista Penido
INTRODUCTION: Protein-caloric malnutrition is a public health concern in certain areas of the Brazil. It can affect growth, the auditory nervous system development and, consequently, the cognition. This study compared the Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential (BAEP) between malnourished and eutrophic children. METHODS: A total of 111 children, aged 0-60 months, were examined: 57 were malnourished, according to the World Health Organization criteria, and 54 were normo-nourished...
May 14, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749573/tone-evoked-acoustic-change-complex-acc-recorded-in-a-sedated-animal-model
#11
Alessandro Presacco, John C Middlebrooks
The acoustic change complex (ACC) is a scalp-recorded cortical evoked potential complex generated in response to changes (e.g., frequency, amplitude) in an auditory stimulus. The ACC has been well studied in humans, but to our knowledge, no animal model has been evaluated. In particular, it was not known whether the ACC could be recorded under the conditions of sedation that likely would be necessary for recordings from animals. For that reason, we tested the feasibility of recording ACC from sedated cats in response to changes of frequency and amplitude of pure-tone stimuli...
May 10, 2018: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746895/low-and-high-gamma-auditory-steady-states-in-response-to-440-hz-carrier-chirp-modulated-tones-show-no-signs-of-attentional-modulation
#12
Evaldas Pipinis, Aleksandras Voicikas, Inga Griskova-Bulanova
Auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) are increasingly used as a neurodiagnostical tool and in neurotechnological applications where it is important to test responses at different frequencies. We aimed to evaluate EEG responses to a low-frequency carrier (440 Hz) tone modulated with 500 ms chirps at 1-120 Hz and to test the ability of stimulation to highlight the low and high gamma band activity. Increasing and decreasing modulation rates were applied. Subjective pleasantness of chirps and attentional effects on ASSRs to chirps were assessed...
May 7, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745880/the-role-of-auditory-evoked-potentials-and-otoacoustic-emissions-in-early-detection-of-hearing-abnormalities-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-patients-a-case-control-study
#13
Doa W Nada, Radwa M El Khouly, Souzan E Gadow, Shymaa A Hablas, Marwa A Aboelhawa, Doaa S Al Ashkar, Amal M El Barbary, Manal S Hussein, Elsayed Rageh, Alaa M Elsalawy, Mohamed H Abo-Zaid, Samah Elshweikh, Amani M El Gharib
OBJECTIVES: To determine the types and to assess the role of auditory evoked potentials and otoacoustic emissions in early detection of hearing abnormalities in Behçet's disease (BD) patients. Their correlations with disease activity were also considered. METHODS: Thirty patients with BD and thirty apparently sex- and age-matched healthy volunteers were included in this study. Auditory evaluation included pure tone audiometry (PTA), otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs, DPOAE), auditory brainstem response test (ABR) and cortical auditory evoked potentials (tone and speech CAEPs) for all patients and control...
May 10, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745533/-noise-attenuation-analysis-on-auditory-evoked-potential-based-on-maximum-length-sequence
#14
Yun'er Chen, Chang'an Zhan, Xian Peng, Qiuyang Fu, Tao Wang
The maximum length sequence (m-sequence) has been successfully used to study the linear/nonlinear components of auditory evoked potential (AEP) with rapid stimulation. However, more study is needed to evaluate the effect of the m-sequence order in terms of the noise attenuation performance. This study aimed to address this issue using response-free electroencephalogram (EEG) and EEGs with nonlinear AEPs. We examined the noise attenuation ratios to evaluate the noise variation for the calculations of superimposed averaging and cross-correlation, respectively, which constitutes the main process in the deconvolution method using the dataset of spontaneous EEGs to simulate the cases of different orders (order 5 to 12) of m-sequences...
April 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745515/-progress-of-generation-mechanisms-of-auditory-steady-state-response
#15
REVIEW
Xiaodan Tan, Qiuyang Fu, Tao Wang
The scalp-recorded auditory steady-state response (ASSR) is a periodically evoked potential in response to the stimulation with the acoustical property in the same period. The ASSR can be readily induced in comparison with transient responses for specific conditions. The clinical utility of ASSR may be unjustified for the ambiguity of the genesis. With the advance of relevant research, it is considered that the main generation hypotheses of the ASSR are conceived to be pertinent with the linear superposition or neural entrainment mechanism...
June 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742889/intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring-a-review-of-techniques-used-for-brain-tumor-surgery-in-children
#16
REVIEW
Keewon Kim, Charles Cho, Moon-Suk Bang, Hyung-Ik Shin, Ji-Hoon Phi, Seung-Ki Kim
Intraoperative monitoring (IOM) utilizes electrophysiological techniques as a surrogate test and evaluation of nervous function while a patient is under general anesthesia. They are increasingly used for procedures, both surgical and endovascular, to avoid injury during an operation, examine neurological tissue to guide the surgery, or to test electrophysiological function to allow for more complete resection or corrections. The application of IOM during pediatric brain tumor resections encompasses a unique set of technical issues...
May 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742032/modulation-of-motor-cortical-excitability-with-auditory-stimulation
#17
Olli Löfberg, Petro Julkunen, Elisa Kallioniemi, Ari Pääkkönen, Jari Karhu
Loud sounds have been demonstrated to increase motor cortex excitability when transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is synchronized with auditory evoked N100 potential measured from electroencephalography (EEG). The N100 potential is generated by an afferent response to sound onset and feature analysis, and upon novel sound it is also related to the arousal reaction. Arousal reaction is known to originate from the ascending reticular activating system of the brainstem and to modulate neuronal activity throughout the central nervous system...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740286/optogenetic-control-of-neural-circuits-in-the-mongolian-gerbil
#18
Stefan Keplinger, Barbara Beiderbeck, Stylianos Michalakis, Martin Biel, Benedikt Grothe, Lars Kunz
The Mongolian gerbil ( Meriones unguiculatus ) is widely used as a model organism for the human auditory system. Its hearing range is very similar to ours and it uses the same mechanisms for sound localization. The auditory circuits underlying these functions have been characterized. However, important mechanistic details are still under debate. To elucidate these issues, precise and reversible optogenetic manipulation of neuronal activity in this complex circuitry is required. However, genetic and genomic resources for the Mongolian gerbil are poorly developed...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736410/sound-frequency-representation-in-the-auditory-cortex-of-the-common-marmoset-visualized-using-optical-intrinsic-signal-imaging
#19
Toshiki Tani, Hiroshi Abe, Taku Hayami, Taku Banno, Naohisa Miyakawa, Naohito Kitamura, Hiromi Mashiko, Noritaka Ichinohe, Wataru Suzuki
Natural sound is composed of various frequencies. Although the core region of the primate auditory cortex has functionally defined sound frequency preference maps, how the map is organized in the auditory areas of the belt and parabelt regions is not well known. In this study, we investigated the functional organizations of the core, belt, and parabelt regions encompassed by the lateral sulcus and the superior temporal sulcus in the common marmoset ( Callithrix jacchus ). Using optical intrinsic signal imaging, we obtained evoked responses to band-pass noise stimuli in a range of sound frequencies (0...
March 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730165/impact-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-on-vep-and-abr-values-of-the-patients-with-malignant-infantile-osteopetrosis
#20
Reza Shervin Badv, S Sharareh Dehghani, Maryam Behfar, Batoul Ahadi, Abdolreza Tabasi, Amir Ali Hamidieh
OBJECTIVES: Malignant Infantile Osteopetrosis (MIOP) is a rare inherited disorder with neurological complications, notably visual impairment and decrease of hearing level. Although Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) has been approved as the only curative treatment for these patients, the exact impact of it on visual and hearing level is still unclear. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed the P2 latency and amplitude from Visual Evoked Potentials (VEP) of 10 patients (20 eyes) and the threshold of wave V from Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) of 15 patients (30 ears) with MIOP before, 6 and 12 months after HSCT...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
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