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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694518/unexpected-healers-chinese-medicine-in-the-age-of-global-migration-lima-and-california-1850-1930
#1
Patricia Palma
The massive waves of Chinese migrants arriving in California and Lima in the second half of the nineteenth century played a crucial role in expanding Chinese medicine in both settings. From the late 1860s on, herbalists expanded their healing system beyond their ethnic community, transforming Chinese medicine into one of the healing practices most widely adopted by the local population. This article uses a comparative approach to examine the diverging trajectories of Chinese healers in Peru and the USA, as well as the social and political factors that determined how this foreign medical knowledge adapted to its new environments...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660454/purification-and-structural-elucidation-of-a-water-soluble-polysaccharide-from-the-fruiting-bodies-of-the-grifola-frondosa
#2
Anqiang Zhang, Jiaying Deng, Shuying Yu, Fuming Zhang, Robert J Linhardt, Peilong Sun
Grifola frondosa is a polypore mushroom, which has been used for many centuries by traditional Chinese and Japanese herbalists as a medicinal mushroom. A water-soluble polysaccharide (code as GFP30-2-a, molecular weight: 2.04 × 106  Da) was isolated from the fruiting bodies of G. frondosa by hot water extraction, ethanol precipitation and chromatography. Its structure was elucidated from its monosaccharide composition, methylation analysis, together with 1D NMR (1 H NMR and 13 C NMR) and 2D NMR (COSY, TOCSY, HSQC, HMBC and NOESY spectra)...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609580/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-utilization-of-herbal-medicines-among-outpatients-in-primary-health-centers-in-cambodia
#3
Hattie Pearson, Tyler Fleming, Pheak Chhoun, Sovannary Tuot, Carinne Brody, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Traditional, complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM) is seen as a way to provide healthcare in both developed and developing countries across the world. In Cambodia, there is a long tradition of using TCAM. However, scant studies have been conducted on the extent of Cambodian TCAM use and how it interacts with allopathic health care to date. In this study, we examined the prevalence of and factors associated with utilization of herbal medicines among patients with chronic diseases in primary health care settings in Cambodia...
April 2, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476434/complementary-medicines-in-pregnancy-recommendations-and-information-sources-of-healthcare-professionals-in-australia
#4
Christine E Gilmartin, To-Hao Vo-Tran, Laura Leung
Background The use of oral complementary and alternative medicines, including herbal supplements, has been increasing in pregnant women worldwide despite limited safety data. The decision of healthcare professionals to recommend these products to pregnant patients is controversial and not well documented. Objective To explore the recommendations and information sources that healthcare professionals use to determine the safety of oral non-prescribed supplements during pregnancy. Setting An Australian metropolitan maternity hospital...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349921/community-pharmacists-views-on-the-regulation-of-complementary-medicines-and-complementary-medicines-practitioners-a-qualitative-study-in-new-zealand
#5
Joanne Barnes, Rachael Butler
OBJECTIVES: To examine community pharmacists' perspectives on CMs regulation in New Zealand, where proposals for CMs regulations had recently been suspended and where, currently, CMs are only weakly regulated. METHODS: Qualitative, in-depth, semi-structured interviews with New Zealand practising community pharmacists are identified through purposive and convenience sampling. Data were analysed using a general inductive approach. KEY FINDINGS: Participants held mixed views regarding harmonisation of CMs regulations across Australia and NZ; some supported an NZ national regulatory framework for CMs, based on the Australian system...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316948/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-the-indigenous-communities-at-mohmand-agency-fata-pakistan
#6
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Abdelaaty Abdelaziz Shahat, Mansour S Al-Said, Riaz Ullah
BACKGROUND: Plant-derived products have an imperative biological role against certain pathogenic organisms and were considered to be a major source of modern drugs. Rural people residing in developing countries are relying on traditional herbal medical system due to their strong believe and minimum access to allopathic medicines. Hence, ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful for the maintenance of community's based approaches under this medical system. Present study was carried out in an unexplored remote tribal area of Pakistan to investigate and document the existing ethnomedicinal knowledge on local flora...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246186/-when-a-woman-is-pregnant-her-grave-is-open-health-beliefs-concerning-dietary-practices-among-pregnant-kalenjin-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#7
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Anne Kisaka Nangulu, Jacqueline E W Broerse
BACKGROUND: Reducing malnutrition remains a major global challenge especially in low- and middle-income countries. Lack of knowledge on the motive of nutritional behaviour could ultimately cripple nutrition intervention outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate how health beliefs influence nutritional behaviour intention of the pregnant Kalenjin women of rural Uasin Gishu County in Kenya. The study findings provide useful information for culturally congruent nutrition counselling and intervention...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243308/western-herbal-medicine-consultations-for-common-menstrual-problems-practitioner-experiences-and-perceptions-of-treatment
#8
Carole Fisher, Jon Adams, Jane Frawley, Louise Hickman, David Sibbritt
To explore the prevalence with which Australian Western herbalists treat menstrual problems and their related treatment, experiences, perceptions, and interreferral practices with other health practitioners. Members of the Practitioner Research and Collaboration Initiative practice-based research network identifying as Western Herbalists (WHs) completed a specifically developed, online questionnaire. Western Herbalists regularly treat menstrual problems, perceiving high, though differential, levels of effectiveness...
March 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240674/evaluation-of-the-cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity-of-flavonolignans-in-different-cellular-models
#9
Michal Bijak, Ewelina Synowiec, Przemyslaw Sitarek, Tomasz Sliwiński, Joanna Saluk-Bijak
Flavonolignans are the main components of silymarin, which represents 1.5-3% of the dry fruit weight of Milk thistle ( Silybum marianum L. Gaernt.). In ancient Greece and Romania, physicians and herbalists used the Silybum marianum to treat a range of liver diseases. Besides their hepatoprotective action, silymarin flavonolignans have many other healthy properties, such as anti-platelet and anti-inflammatory actions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxic effect of flavonolignans on blood platelets, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and human lung cancer cell line-A549-using different molecular techniques...
December 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225002/documentation-of-plant-drugs-dispensed-via-local-weekly-shanties-of-madurai-city-india
#10
Tagadur Sureshchandra Suma, Kaliamoorthy Ravikumar, Byadarahalli Srikantiah Somashekhar, Devendra Kumar Ved, Roohi Zaman, Gopalakrishnan Rajalakshmi, S N Venugopalan Nair, Subrahmanya Kumar Kukkupuni
BACKGROUND: The Valaiyār (Moopanar) communities of Tamil Nadu are traditionally known for catching rats and snakes from the agricultural fields. Prior to independence, some of these families have faced socio-economic changes and chosen to become herbalists in Madurai city. They are mainly engaged in collecting and dispensing fresh and dried plant drugs in its 'natural form' at Tiḷagar tīḍal market of Madurai city. Their business is unique, because customers receive 'prescriptions' and 'plant drugs', unlike the conventional dispensaries...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206161/ethnobotanical-survey-preliminary-physico-chemical-and-phytochemical-screening-of-salvia-argentea-l-used-by-herbalists-of-the-sa%C3%A3-da-province-in-algeria
#11
Yasmina Benabdesslem, Kadda Hachem, Khaled Kahloula, Miloud Slimani
An ethnobotanical study was carried out in the Saïda region among herbalists to evaluate the use of Salvia argentea (L.), a plant species native from North Africa belonging to the Lamiaceae family. Forty-two herbalists were interviewed individually, aged between 30 and 70 years, all males, 52.38% of them having received a secondary education level and having performing their duties for more than a decade. This study showed that Salvia argentea is used specifically in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system...
December 5, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109671/the-role-and-characteristics-of-collections-of-folk-recepies-in-the-folk-and-traditional-medicine-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#12
REVIEW
Armin Skrbo, Izet Masic
Introduction: Folk medicine represents part of the folk culture, when we first think about the rural culture with characteristic of the rural population in the pre-industrial period. The difference between official and folk medicine is manifested in the education, knowledge and social status of those practicing folk medicine as well as their patients. The most common ways of treating were the treatment by use of herbs, magic and treatments based on religious beliefs. So, it is of no surprise that folk medicine was the main form of treatment for the inhabitants of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) in the past...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082683/-historical-evolution-and-change-of-differentiation-on-dried-ginger-fresh-ginger-and-baked-ginger
#13
Wen-Tao Fang, Zhi-Lai Zhan, Hua-Sheng Peng, Lu-Qi Huang
Ginger is commonly used as dietetic Chinese herbs, medicinal ginger mainly divided into dried ginger, fresh ginger and baked ginger. In this article, by sorting and studying literature of Chinese materia medica, textual criticism the historical evolution and change of differentiation on dried ginger, fresh ginger and baked ginger. Results indicate that, as the changes of the dynasty, dried ginger, fresh ginger and baked ginger gradually differentiation in producing area and processing method. Dried ginger beginning in Shennong Bencao Jing(Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica), Mingyi Bielu(Records of Famous Physicians) respectively included fresh ginger and dried ginger for the first time...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082680/-geographical-distribution-of-chinese-herbalists%C3%AF-causes-of-four-distribution-centers-about-huizhou-shanghai-hangzhou-suzhou
#14
Hai-Yan Duan, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Dai-Yin Peng, Hua-Sheng Peng, Lu-Qi Huang
Based on the "Zhong Guo Ben Cao Yao Ji Kao", Chinese herbalists in past dynasties were counted and analyzed by their living period,numbers and native places. Combined with GIS, the geographical distribution and the formation causes of the four distribution centers of herbalists in past dynasties were discussed. The results showed that, there was a greater difference between the numbers of herbalists in different periods of time, which achieved to the peak in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. In addition, the distribution of herbalists in past dynasties characterized east more and west less, forming the distribution areas centered by Huizhou, Shanghai, Hangzhou and Suzhou...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082318/cannabis-roots-a-traditional-therapy-with-future-potential-for-treating-inflammation-and-pain
#15
REVIEW
Natasha R Ryz, David J Remillard, Ethan B Russo
Introduction: The roots of the cannabis plant have a long history of medical use stretching back millennia. However, the therapeutic potential of cannabis roots has been largely ignored in modern times. Discussion: In the first century, Pliny the Elder described in Natural Histories that a decoction of the root in water could be used to relieve stiffness in the joints, gout, and related conditions. By the 17th century, various herbalists were recommending cannabis root to treat inflammation, joint pain, gout, and other conditions...
2017: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058605/important-knowledge-gaps-among-pastoralists-on-causes-and-treatment-of-udder-health-problems-in-livestock-in-southern-ethiopia-results-of-qualitative-investigation
#16
Kebede Amenu, Barbara Szonyi, Delia Grace, Barbara Wieland
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has high prevalences of udder health problems including clinical and subclinical mastitis across production systems in different livestock species. Previous studies on udder health problems have largely focused on identification of mastitis causing microbial pathogens and associated risk factors. However, relatively little is known about the knowledge and beliefs of livestock keepers regarding udder health problems. An understanding of the beliefs on the other hand would facilitate effective communication between livestock keepers and animal health professionals...
October 23, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050491/some-antidiabetic-medicinal-plants-used-by-traditional-healers-in-ado-ekiti-nigeria
#17
F C Akharaiyi, A J Akinyemi, C C Isitua, O T Ogunmefun, S O Opakunle, J K Fasae
OBJECTIVES: The work described plants collection, preparation and administration for diabetes cure in Ado Ekiti in Nigeria. METHODS: Twenty three plant samples were identified for the use in the treatment of diabetes by the herbalists. The plants that are common among the healers are Anthocleista djalonensis, Vernonia amygdalina, Ocimum gratissimum, Momordica charantia. RESULTS: The most preferred method of preparation by the healers is concoction and decoction of fresh leaves, stem bark and roots...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030263/the-role-of-endemic-plants-in-mauritian-traditional-medicine-potential-therapeutic-benefits-or-placebo-effect
#18
REVIEW
Nawraj Rummun, Vidushi S Neergheen-Bhujun, Kersley B Pynee, Cláudia Baider, Theeshan Bahorun
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Mauritian endemic flora has been recorded to be used as medicines for nearly 300 years. Despite acceptance of these endemic plants among the local population, proper documentation of their therapeutic uses is scarce. This review aims at summarising documented traditional uses of Mauritian endemic species with existing scientific data of their alleged bioactivities, in a view to appeal for more stringent validations for their ethnomedicinal uses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comprehensive bibliographic investigation was carried out by analysing published books on ethnopharmacology and international peer-reviewed papers via scientific databases namely ScienceDirect and PubMed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021821/utilization-of-traditional-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-mental-health-among-patients-with-chronic-diseases-in-primary-health-care-settings-in-cambodia
#19
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Tyler Fleming, Carinne Brody
BACKGROUND: Coping with chronic illnesses often involves major lifestyle changes that may lead to poor mental health. Furthermore, in order to treat the chronic conditions, many sufferers in Asia turn to traditional, complementary and alternative medicines (TCAM). This study explores prevalence of TCAM use and factors associated with anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients with chronic diseases in Cambodia. METHODS: In 2015, this cross-sectional study was conducted with outpatients receiving treatment and care for chronic diseases in two urban and two rural primary health centers...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936853/-classics-textual-research-and-using-situation-investigation-of-tibetan-medicine-zha-xun
#20
Yun Cao, Rui Gu, Ming-Ming Zhao, Yu-Ying Ma, Shi-Hong Zhong, Jian Rang, Peng Mi
In this article the classics textual research to the origin of "Zha-xun" was carried out, the ethnobotanical research methods, the origin of visits, key informant interviews, sample collection and textual research were applied in the research. The results showed that the hypothesis of Zha-xun"s origin mainly included "source of mine", "source of feces", "source of monkey menstrual blood" in China. There were "source of fossil", "source of the plant secretion" abroad. The authors had interviewed the villagers at origin, herbalists, Tibetan doctors, herb dealers, foreign scholars for a total of 18 people, and collecting 45 batches medicinal materials...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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