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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108383/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-reported-by-the-indigenous-communities-and-local-herbal-practitioners-of-bajaur-agency-federally-administrated-tribal-areas-pakistan
#1
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Adnan, Izatullah Izatullah
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In the study area, knowledge related to the traditional uses of medicinal plants is totally in the custody of elder community members and local herbalists. The younger generation is unaware of the traditional knowledge, however with only few exceptions. Therefore, this study was planned with objective to document the medicinal importance of plants, conserve this precious indigenous knowledge, and share it among other communities through published literature...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103997/-evolution-and-quality-evaluation-of-gardenia-jasminoides-zhizi-of-successive-ages
#2
M Q Liu, H S Peng
In addition to its frequently-used antipyretic function, Gardenia jasminoides is also used in food or industrial dyeing. In ancient times, herbalists believed that the quality of Gardenia jasminoides for medical use was different from that for dye due to its different germplasm. Since the 1912, Gardenia jasminoides for dye was named "Shui(watery) Zhizi" in order to distinguish it from "Shan (hilly) Zhizi" . Henan was the earliest producing area for Gardenia jasminoides in ancient times, then after the Ming Dynasty, the producing area migrated to the Southern regions, including Jiangxi and Fujian Provinces...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086924/treating-infants-with-frigg-linking-disease-aetiologies-medicinal-plant-use-and-care-seeking-behaviour-in-southern-morocco
#3
Irene Teixidor-Toneu, Gary J Martin, Rajindra K Puri, Ahmed Ouhammou, Julie A Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Although most Moroccans rely to some extent on traditional medicine, the practice of frigg to treat paediatric ailments by elderly women traditional healers known as ferraggat, has not yet been documented. We describe the role of these specialist healers, document the medicinal plants they use, and evaluate how and why their practice is changing. METHODS: Ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews and observations of medical encounters...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003130/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-used-in-daraa-tafilalet-region-province-of-errachidia-morocco
#4
Mohamed Eddouks, Mohammed Ajebli, Morad Hebi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: We carried out an ethnobotanical survey in Tafilalet region. This region is classified by the UNESCO as a reserve of biosphere and represents an important area with important knowledge of traditional medicine, especially the use of medicinal plants for human healthcare. Furthermore, the geographic location of this region makes this site a diverse and interesting resource of herbal biodiversity. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aimed to collect information about medicinal plants used in Tafilalet region as well as the indigenous knowledge related to the use of this natural resource in healthcare by the local population in order to preserve and protect this invaluable inheritance from loss and overlook...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918456/examining-the-cervical-screening-behaviour-of-women-aged-50-or-above-and-its-predicting-factors-a-population-based-survey
#5
Carmen W H Chan, Kai Chow Choi, Rosa S Wong, Ka Ming Chow, Winnie K W So, Doris Y P Leung, Wendy W T Lam, William Goggins
Under-screening may increase the risk of cervical cancer in middle-aged women. This study aimed to investigate cervical cancer screening behaviour and its predictors among women aged 50 years or above. A population-based sample of 959 women was recruited by telephone from domestic households in Hong Kong, using random methods, and a structured questionnaire developed to survey participants. Multivariable logistic regressions were performed to examine the factors independently associated with cervical screening behaviour...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909571/affordable-art-in-kenya-the-only-hope-for-involuntary-childlessness
#6
S W Ndegwa
The reported overall subfertility rate in Kenia is 26.1% with 50% attributed to tubal factors and 15% due to male factors. This is probably an underestimation taking into consideration that due to the stigma and myths of the disease, many couples are seeking alternative care from religious sects, witchdoctors, herbalists. Because the costs associated with IVF in private centres are only affordable for the happy few, the only true hope for most Kenyans struggling with unintended childlessness lies in the introduction of affordable ART services...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810165/the-characteristics-of-women-who-use-complementary-medicine-while-attempting-to-conceive-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-13-224-australian-women
#7
Amie Steel, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: Preconception is acknowledged globally as an important part of ensuring health for the next generation and is underpinned by principles of health promotion and preventive medicine. There is a demand for more holistic, preventive health care within preconception health services. Many women are also using complementary medicine during their reproductive years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper presents a longitudinal analysis of women's consultations with a complementary medicine practitioner while attempting to become pregnant, and the characteristics of women who choose to consult a complementary medicine practitioner during the preconception period...
January 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716105/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-use-of-herbal-medicines-during-pregnancy-among-women-attending-postnatal-clinics-in-gulu-district-northern-uganda
#8
Richard Nyeko, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Abdullah Ali Halage
BACKGROUND: According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, 80 % of the population living in rural areas in developing countries depends on traditional medicine for their health needs, including use during pregnancy. Despite the fact that knowledge of potential side effects of many herbal medicines in pregnancy is limited and that some herbal products may be teratogenic, data on the extent of use of herbal medicines by women during pregnancy in the study setting is largely unknown...
October 6, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689108/identification-of-medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-kidney-and-urinary-stones
#9
Mahmoud Bahmani, Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi, Pegah Tajeddini, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Nasrollah Naghdi
INTRODUCTION: Kidney stones are the third most common urinary tract problems after urinary tract infections and prostate pathology. Kidney stones may cause extreme pain and blockage of urine flow. They are usually treated with medications that may cause a number of side-effects. Medicinal herbs are used in different cultures as a reliable source of natural remedies. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine native medicinal plants used by traditional healers of Shiraz for the treatment of kidney stones...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605953/non-communicable-diseases-among-children-in-ghana-health-and-social-concerns-of-parent-caregivers
#10
Alfred E Yawson, Aaron A Abuosi, Delali M Badasu, Deborah Atobra, Francis A Adzei, John K Anarfi
BACKGROUND: Globally, there is a progressive rise in the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This paper examined the health and social concerns of parents/caregivers on in-patient care for children with NCDs in Ghana. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in three large health facilities in Ghana (the largest in the South, the largest in the North and the largest in the Eastern part of Ghana. Data was collected with a structured questionnaire among 225 caregivers (≥18 years) of 149 children with NCDs in health facilities in the three regions...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380043/tetramethylpyrazine-protects-against-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-induced-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells-injury-via-rho-rho-kinase-signaling-pathway
#11
Guang Yang, Chen Qian, Ning Wang, Chenyu Lin, Yan Wang, Guangyun Wang, Xinxin Piao
Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP, also known as Ligustrazine), which is isolated from Chinese Herb Medicine Ligustium wollichii Franchat (Chuan Xiong), has been widely used in China for the treatment of ischemic stroke by Chinese herbalists. Brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) are the integral parts of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), protecting BMECs against oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) which is important for the treatment of ischemic stroke. Here, we investigated the protective mechanisms of TMP, focusing on OGD-injured BMECs and the Rho/Rho-kinase (Rho-associated kinases, ROCK) signaling pathway...
July 5, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356340/marble-busts-and-fish-fossils-the-catalog-of-the-museum-of-naturalia-and-artificialia-at-the-university-of-padua-1797
#12
Elena Canadelli
The historical catalogs of the museum collections contain a wealth of information for historians seeking to reconstruct their contents, how they were displayed and the ways in which they were used. This paper will present the complete transcription of a draft catalog that was prepared in 1797 for the Museum of Natural History and Antiquities of the University of Padua. Conserved in the university's Museum of Geology and Paleontology, the catalog was the first to be compiled of the museum, which was established in 1733 thanks to the donation by Antonio Vallisneri Jr...
2016: Nuncius
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344901/physicians-healers-and-their-remedies-in-colonial-suriname
#13
Natalie Zemon Davis
Medical pluralism flourished in the 18th century in the Dutch colony of Suriname. White physicians and surgeons, trained in European medicine, existed along with Indigenous priest/healers and herbalists, slave priest/diviners, and healers of African origin, their diverse practices played out on the plantation itself. While decrying the "superstition" of slave healers, physicians began to take note of their plant remedies, such as the local bark used to reduce fever discovered by the celebrated diviner Quassie...
2016: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299154/occurrence-of-potential-bacterial-pathogens-and-their-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-isolated-from-herbal-medicinal-products-sold-in-different-markets-of-gondar-town-northwest-ethiopia
#14
Abdela Yesuf, Yitayih Wondimeneh, Teklay Gebrecherkos, Feleke Moges
Background. The World Health Organization estimates that about 80% of the world's population uses herbal medicine to treat various illnesses as means of primary healthcare. However, during preparation, herbal plants may be exposed to contamination by potential pathogens, and this may lead to infections. The aim of this study was to determine bacterial contamination of herbal medicinal products and to assess the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolated bacteria. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 1 to May 25, 2013, at Gondar Town...
2016: International Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247061/medicinal-plants-used-to-control-internal-and-external-parasites-in-goats
#15
Marcia Sanhokwe, Johnfisher Mupangwa, Patrick J Masika, Viola Maphosa, Voster Muchenje
The use of medicinal plants plays a major role in the primary health care of animals in South Africa. A survey was conducted to document medicinal plants used to control parasites in goats in Kwezi and Ntambethemba villages in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Information from 50 farmers and 3 herbalists was obtained through the use of a structured questionnaire, and a snowball sampling technique was used to identify key informants. The obtained data were analysed using PROC FREQ of SAS (2003), and fidelity level values were determined to estimate the healing potential of the mentioned plants...
April 29, 2016: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227429/a-community-based-study-on-the-mode-of-transmission-prevention-and-treatment-of-buruli-ulcers-in-southwest-cameroon-knowledge-attitude-and-practices
#16
Jane-Francis K T Akoachere, Frankline S Nsai, Roland N Ndip
BACKGROUND: Buruli ulcer (BU) is a neglected tropical disease affecting the skin, tissues and in some cases the bones, caused by the environmental pathogen Mycobacterium ulcerans (M. ulcerans). Its mode of transmission is still elusive. Delayed treatment may cause irreversible disabilities with consequent social and economic impacts on the victim. Socio-cultural beliefs, practices and attitudes in endemic communities have been shown to influence timely treatment causing disease management, prevention and control a great challenge...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189381/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-7427-australian-women-with-cyclic-perimenstrual-pain-and-discomfort-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Carole Fisher, Jon Adams, Louise Hickman, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: To assess the prevalence of cyclic perimenstrual pain and discomfort and to detail the pattern of complementary and alternative (CAM) use adopted by women for the treatment of these symptoms. METHODS: Data from the 2012 national Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health (ALSWH) cross-sectional survey of 7427 women aged 34-39 years were analysed to estimate the prevalence of endometriosis, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), irregular or heavy periods and severe dysmenorrhoea and to examine the association between their symptoms and their visits to CAM practitioners as well as their use of CAM therapies and products in the previous 12 months...
May 18, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171892/mutual-transformation-of-colonial-and-imperial-botanizing-the-intimate-yet-remote-collaboration-in-colonial-korea
#18
Jung Lee
Argument Mutuality in "contact zones" has been emphasized in cross-cultural knowledge interaction in re-evaluating power dynamics between centers and peripheries and in showing the hybridity of modern science. This paper proposes an analytical pause on this attempt to better invalidate centers by paying serious attention to the limits of mutuality in transcultural knowledge interaction imposed by asymmetries of power. An unusually reciprocal interaction between a Japanese forester, Ishidoya Tsutomu (1891-1958), at the colonial forestry department, and his Korean subordinate Chung Tyaihyon (1883-1971) is chosen to highlight an inescapable asymmetry induced by the imperial power structure...
June 2016: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27124021/patient-perceptions-of-expression-of-empathy-from-chinese-medicine-clinicians-in-a-chinese-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Vincent C H Chung, Benjamin H K Yip, Ellen L M Yu, Siya Liu, Robin S T Ho, Regina W S Sit, Albert W N Leung, Justin C Y Wu, Samuel Y S Wong
This study aims to examine the level of empathy perceived by patients receiving care from herbalists, acupuncturists and massage therapists and to investigate the factors that influence levels of perceived empathy.Participants who were 18 years or above; able to provide written informed consent; and able to read and write in Chinese without assistance were included. A total of 514 participants sampled from charity and semipublic Chinese medicine (CM) clinics in Hong Kong were recruited to assess levels of empathy perceived during various length of consultations (1-20 minutes) by the Chinese Consultation and Relational Empathy Measure (Chinese CARE)...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047810/an-ethno-medicinal-study-of-medicinal-plants-used-for-the-treatment-of-diabetes
#20
Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi, Mahmoud Bahmani, Pegah Tajeddini, Nasrollah Naghdi, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the greatest public health problem and is considered as the silent epidemic of the 21st century. In Iran, there are approximately 1.5 million diabetic patients. Before the discovery of insulin, medicinal plants were widely used for the treatment of diabetes in Iran. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the indigenous plants used for the treatment of diabetes in Shiraz, southwest of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured direct interviews were conducted with 25 herbalists to identify medicinal plants used to treat diabetes...
January 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
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