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Auditory steady state response

Qingsong Liu, Guodong Feng, Yingying Shang, Cheng Chi, Yufei Qiao, Zhiqiang Gao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to establish a reliable intraoperative auditory threshold monitoring system for ossiculoplasty surgery. DESIGN: The chirp signal of self-designed sound field earphone (SFE) was calibrated physically and psychophysically. The interaural attenuation of the SFE was tested in patients with unilateral complete deafness and contralateral normal hearing (10 patients). Self-designed SFEs were used to measure the chirp-evoked auditory steady-state responses (Chirp-ASSR) threshold of patients (14 cases and 15 ears) with conductive hearing loss after anesthesia but before surgery...
March 5, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Yoshiaki Miyagishi, Takashi Ikeda, Tetsuya Takahashi, Kiwamu Kudo, Hirofumi Morise, Yoshio Minabe, Mitsuru Kikuchi
The effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) likely depend on cortical N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) neurotransmission; however, no previous studies have reported tDCS-mediated modulation of cortical NMDA neurotransmission in humans. The gamma-band auditory steady-state response (ASSR) to a 40 Hz stimulation likely reflects the integrity of cortical NMDA neurotransmission. The present study tested whether the effect of tDCS is reflected in gamma-band ASSRs during a 40 Hz stimulation. Using a double-blind, randomized, crossover study, we performed magnetoencephalography (MEG) and measured the ASSR in 24 healthy participants during 40 Hz of auditory stimulation after prefrontal tDCS (2 mA) or sham (i...
2018: PloS One
Manuela Jaeger, Martin G Bleichner, Anna-Katharina R Bauer, Bojana Mirkovic, Stefan Debener
The acoustic envelope of human speech correlates with the syllabic rate (4-8 Hz) and carries important information for intelligibility, which is typically compromised in multi-talker, noisy environments. In order to better understand the dynamics of selective auditory attention to low frequency modulated sound sources, we conducted a two-stream auditory steady-state response (ASSR) selective attention electroencephalogram (EEG) study. The two streams consisted of 4 and 7 Hz amplitude and frequency modulated sounds presented from the left and right side...
February 27, 2018: Brain Topography
Yuchen Wang, Lanlan Ma, Xuejiao Wang, Ling Qin
Auditory steady state response (ASSR) and inhibitory gating (IG) are electrophysiological examinations commonly used to evaluate the sensory and cognitive functions of the brain. In some clinic examinations and animal experiments, general anesthesia is necessary to conduct electrophysiological recordings. However, the effects of anesthesia on ASSR and IG remain unclear. For this reason, we recorded local field potentials though electrodes implanted in different brain areas of rats: the auditory cortex (AC), hippocampus (HC), amygdala (AMY), and prefrontal cortex (PFC), and compared the characteristics of ASSR and IG under anesthetized and conscious conditions...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Razieh Alemi, Masoud Motassadi Zarandy, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Ali Eftekharian, Mohammad Reza Zarrindast, Nasim Vousooghi
INTRODUCTION: Sensory neural hearing loss could lead to some structural and physiological changes in the auditory pathways, such as alteration in the expression of neurotrophins. These factors, especially Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), play an important role in synaptic functions and experience-related plasticity. Restoring cochlear function after hearing loss is possible through cochlear implantation (CI). Evaluation of the blood concentration changes of neurotrophins as prerequisites of plasticity could help scientists to determine the prognosis of CI as in the candidacy procedure or enhancing prosthesis function by adding the exact needed amount of BDNF to the electrode array...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Sibin Li, Lanlan Ma, Yuchen Wang, Xuejiao Wang, Yingzhuo Li, Ling Qin
Auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) represent the electrophysiological activity of the auditory nervous system in response to a periodic acoustic stimulus. Spectrogram analysis can reveal the frequency and phase information entrained in ASSRs. Clinically, the ASSR is used to detect abnormalities in electroencephalographs obtained from schizophrenia patients, who show reduced power and phase locking of ASSRs. The neonatal ventral hippocampal lesion (NVHL) rat is a widely used model to investigate the neurodevelopmental mechanisms of schizophrenia...
2018: PloS One
Shogo Hirano, Alexander Nakhnikian, Yoji Hirano, Naoya Oribe, Shigenobu Kanba, Toshiaki Onitsuka, Margaret Levin, Kevin M Spencer
BACKGROUND: Cross-frequency interactions may coordinate neural circuits operating at different frequencies. While neural oscillations associated with particular circuits in schizophrenia (SZ) are impaired, few studies have examined cross-frequency interactions. Here we examined phase-amplitude coupling (PAC) in the electroencephalograms of individuals with SZ and healthy control subjects (HCs). We computed PAC during the baseline period of 40-Hz auditory steady-state stimulation and rest...
January 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Khalid Alhussaini, Jorge Bohorquez, Rafael E Delgado, Ozcan Ozdamar
OBJECTIVE: The effects of rate on auditory-evoked potentials (AEP) to short noise gaps (12 ms) recorded at high sampling rates using wide-band filters were investigated. DESIGN: Auditory brainstem (ABR), middle latency (MLR), late latency (LLR) and steady-state (ASSR) responses were simultaneously recorded in adult subjects at four gap rates (0.5, 1, 5 and 40 Hz). Major components (V, Na, Pa, Nb, Pb, N1 and P2) were identified at each rate and analysed for latency/amplitude characteristics...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
A Farinetti, A Raji, H Wu, B Wanna, C Vincent
The prevalence of hearing loss in newborns and infants is estimated between 1 to 3.47 cases per 1000 live births. Early diagnosis and rehabilitation of congenital hearing loss are mandatory in order to achieve a satisfactory linguistic and cognitive development. Without appropriate opportunities to learn language, these children will fall behind their normal hearing peers in communication, cognition, reading and socio-emotional development. After promising results, neonatal screening for hearing loss and audiological evaluation are becoming more extensively carried out...
January 20, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Xiaochen Zhang, Xiaolin Li, Jingjing Chen, Qin Gong
Since sound perception takes place against a background with a certain amount of noise, both speech and non-speech processing involve extraction of target signals and suppression of background noise. Previous works on early processing of speech phonemes largely neglected how background noise is encoded and suppressed. This study aimed to fill in this gap. We adopted an oddball paradigm where speech (vowels) or non-speech stimuli (complex tones) were presented with or without a background of amplitude-modulated noise and analyzed cortical responses related to foreground stimulus processing, including mismatch negativity (MMN), N2b, and P300, as well as neural representations of the background noise, i...
January 11, 2018: Neuroscience
Olivier Valentin, Frédéric Laville
INTRODUCTION: The currently available methods for measuring the occlusion effect (OE) of hearing protection devices (HPDs) have limitations. Objective microphonic measurements do not assess bone-conducted sounds directly transmitted to the cochlea. Psychophysical measurements at threshold are biased due to the low-frequency masking effects from test participants' physiological noise and the variability of measurements based on subjective responses. An auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) procedure is used as a technique that might overcome these limitations...
November 2017: Noise & Health
Mattson Ogg, L Robert Slevc, William J Idsardi
Humans have an impressive, automatic capacity for identifying and organizing sounds in their environment. However, little is known about the timescales that sound identification functions on, or the acoustic features that listeners use to identify auditory objects. To better understand the temporal and acoustic dynamics of sound category identification, two go/no-go perceptual gating studies were conducted. Participants heard speech, musical instrument, and human-environmental sounds ranging from 12.5 to 200 ms in duration...
December 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Kimberly A Jenkins, Calli Fodor, Alessandro Presacco, Samira Anderson
OBJECTIVE: Older adults often have trouble adjusting to hearing aids when they start wearing them for the first time. Probe microphone measurements verify appropriate levels of amplification up to the tympanic membrane. Little is known, however, about the effects of amplification on auditory-evoked responses to speech stimuli during initial hearing aid use. The present study assesses the effects of amplification on neural encoding of a speech signal in older adults using hearing aids for the first time...
December 27, 2017: Ear and Hearing
Maaike Van Eeckhoutte, Jan Wouters, Tom Francart
Loudness growth functions characterize how the loudness percept changes with current level between the threshold and most comfortable loudness level in cochlear implant users. Even though loudness growth functions are highly listener-dependent, currently default settings are used in clinical devices. This study investigated whether electrically-evoked auditory steady-state response amplitude growth functions correspond to behaviorally measured loudness growth functions. Seven cochlear implant listeners participated in two behavioral loudness growth tasks and an EEG recording session...
December 8, 2017: Hearing Research
Petros V Vlastarakos, Alexandra Vasileiou, Thomas P Nikolopoulos
We conducted an analysis to assess the relative contribution of auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing and auditory steady-state response (ASSR) testing in providing appropriate hearing aid fitting in hearing-impaired children with difficult or unreliable behavioral audiometry. Of 150 infants and children who had been referred to us for hearing assessment as part of a neonatal hearing screening and cochlear implantation program, we identified 5 who exhibited significant discrepancies between click-ABR and ASSR testing results and difficult or unreliable behavioral audiometry...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
M Cebulla, D Ehrmann-Müller, W Shehata-Dieler
Subjective and objective hearing tests are used for evaluation of hearing impairments. Objective methods include impedance measurement with tympanometry and stapedius reflex measurement, otoacoustic emissions (OAE), and auditory evoked potentials (AEP). Combined with statistical analysis, the introduction of auditory steady state responses (ASSR) has enabled objective hearing tests in newborn hearing screening and automated hearing threshold assessment. The type and degree of hearing loss can be determined using the abovementioned methods...
January 2018: HNO
Sigita Melynyte, Evaldas Pipinis, Vaida Genyte, Aleksandras Voicikas, Tonia Rihs, Inga Griskova-Bulanova
The 40 Hz auditory steady-state response (ASSR) is a periodic response to a periodic stimulation. Its sources are located in the primary auditory cortex and the asymmetry of the planum temporale has previously been associated with hand preference and gender-related differences; thus subject's handedness and gender could potentially influence ASSRs. Nevertheless, electrophysiological studies of ASSRs are mainly dominated by right-handed participants and the observed findings can only be generalized to the right-handed populations...
December 7, 2017: Brain Topography
Caroline Lustenberger, Yogi A Patel, Sankaraleengam Alagapan, Jessica M Page, Betsy Price, Michael R Boyle, Flavio Fröhlich
Auditory rhythmic sensory stimulation modulates brain oscillations by increasing phase-locking to the temporal structure of the stimuli and by increasing the power of specific frequency bands, resulting in Auditory Steady State Responses (ASSR). The ASSR is altered in different diseases of the central nervous system such as schizophrenia. However, in order to use the ASSR as biological markers for disease states, it needs to be understood how different vigilance states and underlying brain activity affect the ASSR...
December 6, 2017: NeuroImage
Hanne Deprez, Robin Gransier, Michael Hofmann, Astrid van Wieringen, Jan Wouters, Marc Moonen
OBJECTIVE: Electrically evoked auditory steady-state responses (EASSRs) are potentially useful for objective cochlear implant (CI) fitting and follow-up of the auditory maturation in infants and children with a CI. EASSRs are recorded in the electro-encephalogram (EEG) in response to electrical stimulation with continuous pulse trains, and are distorted by significant CI artifacts related to this electrical stimulation. The aim of this study is to evaluate a CI artifacts attenuation method based on independent component analysis (ICA) for three EASSR datasets...
February 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
Sarah Engel, Robert Daniel Heinrich Markewitz, Berthold Langguth, Martin Schecklmann
Background: Paired associative stimulation (PAS) is the repeated combination of a sensory stimulus with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in close temporal association. Recently, a study demonstrated that PAS of an auditory stimulus together with TMS of the temporal cortex is capable of changing the amplitude of auditory evoked potentials (AEP). Objective: This study examined the influence of tone duration and habituation in temporal cortex PAS as elicited by 40 and 20 Hz amplitude modulated auditory steady-state responses (aSSR)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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