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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223013/effectiveness-of-flipped-classrooms-in-chinese-baccalaureate-nursing-education-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Rujun Hu, Huiming Gao, Yansheng Ye, Zhihong Ni, Ning Jiang, Xiaolian Jiang
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the flipped classroom approach has been broadly applied to nursing courses in China. However, a systematic and quantitative assessment of the outcomes of this approach has not been conducted. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the meta-analysis is to evaluate the effectiveness of the flipped classroom pedagogy in Chinese baccalaureate nursing education. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. DATA SOURCE: All randomized controlled trials relevant to the use of flipped classrooms in Chinese nursing education were retrieved from the following databases from their date of inception through September 23, 2017: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Wanfang Database, and the Chinese Scientific Journals Database...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222705/tai-chi-and-qigong-for-cancer-related-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Peter M Wayne, M S Lee, J Novakowski, K Osypiuk, J Ligibel, L E Carlson, R Song
PURPOSE: This study aims to summarize and critically evaluate the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ) mind-body exercises on symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in cancer survivors. METHODS: A systematic search in four electronic databases targeted randomized and non-randomized clinical studies evaluating TCQ for fatigue, sleep difficulty, depression, pain, and QOL in cancer patients, published through August 2016. Meta-analysis was used to estimate effect sizes (ES, Hedges' g) and publication bias for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222640/clinical-effect-of-emergency-cervical-cerclage-and-elective-cervical-cerclage-on-pregnancy-outcome-in-the-cervical-incompetent-pregnant-women
#3
Qin Chen, Guiying Chen, Nan Li
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical effect of emergency cervical cerclage and elective cervical cerclage on pregnancy outcome in the cervical-incompetent pregnant women. METHODS: Literature was searched from the databases of Pubmed, Embase and Google scholar. The fixed or random effects model was used to calculate pooled risk ratios on the basis of heterogeneity. Meta-regression, sensitive analysis, subgroup analysis, and publication bias assessment were also conducted to confirm the results according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 2009...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221955/comparison-of-external-and-internal-implant-abutment-connections-for-implant-supported-prostheses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Cleidiel Aparecido Araujo Lemos, Fellippo Ramos Verri, Estevam Augusto Bonfante, Joel Ferreira Santiago, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer
OBJECTIVE: The systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to answer the PICO question: "Do patients that received external connection implants show similar marginal bone loss, implant survival and complication rates as internal connection implants?". DATA: Meta-analyses of marginal bone loss, survival rates of implants and complications rates were performed for the included studies. Study eligibility criteria included (1) randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and/or prospective, (2) studies with at least 10 patients, (3) direct comparison between connection types and (4) publications in English language...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#5
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219961/measurement-of-full-thickness-macular-hole-size-using-en-face-optical-coherence-tomography
#6
E Philippakis, M Legrand, M El Sanharawi, A Erginay, A Couturier, R Tadayoni
PurposeTo assess the feasibility and interest of measuring macular hole (MH) size using en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) compared with manual diameter measurements on B-scans.MethodsAmong our previously published series of 100 patients operated for primary MH, patients whose images were acquired with Cirrus 5000 HD-OCT (Carl Zeiss Meditec) with a quality signal strength >5/10 were included. Three segmentations (internal limiting membrane, horizontal, and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)) were compared for obtaining the most appropriate en face image...
December 8, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219101/health-effects-of-milder-winters-a-review-of-evidence-from-the-united-kingdom
#7
REVIEW
Shakoor Hajat
Cold-related mortality and morbidity remains an important public health problem in the UK and elsewhere. Health burdens have often reported to be higher in the UK compared to other countries with colder climates, however such assessments are usually based on comparison of excess winter mortality indices, which are subject to biases. Daily time-series regression or case-crossover studies provide the best evidence of the acute effects of cold exposure. Such studies report a 6% increase in all-cause deaths in England & Wales for every 1 °C fall in daily mean temperature within the top 5% of the coldest days...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218553/how-to-analyze-and-present-sas-data-for-publication
#8
Martha Brennich, Petra Pernot, Adam Round
SAS is a powerful technique to investigate oligomeric state and domain organization of macromolecules, e.g. proteins and nucleic acids, under physiological, functional and even time resolved conditions. However, reconstructing three dimensional structures from SAS data is inherently ambiguous, as no information about orientation and phase is available. In addition experimental artifacts such as radiation damage, concentration effects and incorrect background subtraction can hinder the interpretation of even lead to wrong results...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217728/acupuncture-for-patients-with-vascular-dementia-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Yang Ye, Ling-Yong Xiao, Yi-Hua Liu, Jing-Wen Yang, Chao-Qun Yan, Xue-Rui Wang, Guang-Xia Shi, Cun-Zhi Liu
INTRODUCTION: This systematic review protocol aims to provide the methods used to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture therapy for treating vascular dementia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following eight databases will be searched from inception to July 2017: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, VIP Database and Wanfang Database. All randomised controlled trials in English or Chinese related to acupuncture for vascular dementia will be included...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216930/contacting-of-authors-by-systematic-reviewers-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-study-and-a-survey
#10
Reint Meursinge Reynders, Luisa Ladu, Nicola Di Girolamo
BACKGROUND: Synthesizing outcomes of underreported primary studies can pose a serious threat to the validity of outcomes and conclusions of systematic reviews. To address this problem, the Cochrane Collaboration recommends reviewers to contact authors of eligible primary studies to obtain additional information on poorly reported items. In this protocol, we present a cross-sectional study and a survey to assess (1) how reviewers of new Cochrane intervention reviews report on procedures and outcomes of contacting of authors of primary studies to obtain additional data, (2) how authors reply, and (3) the consequences of these additional data on the outcomes and quality scores in the review...
December 8, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216846/reduced-level-of-arousal-and-increased-mortality-in-adult-acute-medical-admissions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Amy Todd, Samantha Blackley, Jennifer K Burton, David J Stott, E Wesley Ely, Zoë Tieges, Alasdair M J MacLullich, Susan D Shenkin
BACKGROUND: Reduced level of arousal is commonly observed in medical admissions and may predict in-hospital mortality. Delirium and reduced level of arousal are closely related. We systematically reviewed and conducted a meta-analysis of studies in adult acute medical patients of the relationship between reduced level of arousal on admission and in-hospital mortality. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review (PROSPERO: CRD42016022048), searching MEDLINE and EMBASE...
December 8, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216755/explicit-motives-antecedents-and-consequences-of-direct-self-injurious-behaviors
#12
Avigal Snir, Alan Apter, Shira Barzilay, Dana Feldman, Eshkol Rafaeli, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Danuta Wasserman
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviors in adolescence are a serious public health concern. AIMS: The current study aims to expand our understanding of motives for direct self-injurious behaviors (D-SIB). We examined the explicit motives but also the actual antecedents and consequences of D-SIB over time. METHOD: As part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study, adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years from Israel completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, 3-month, and 12-month follow-ups...
December 8, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216243/the-obesity-paradox-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-a-population-based-study
#13
Virginia W Chang, Kenneth M Langa, David Weir, Theodore J Iwashyna
BACKGROUND: Prior work suggests that obesity may confer a survival advantage among persons with cardiovascular disease (CVD). This obesity "paradox" is frequently studied in the context of prevalent disease, a stage in the disease process when confounding from illness-related weight loss and selective survival are especially problematic. Our objective was to examine the association of obesity with mortality among persons with incident CVD, where biases are potentially reduced, and to compare these findings with those based on prevalent disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215312/gstm1-and-gstt1-gene-polymorphisms-gene-gene-interaction-and-esophageal-carcinoma-risk-evidence-from-an-updated-meta-analysis
#14
Liping Ma, Biyang Lan, Lingxiao Guo, Shaoyun Nong, Cuibo Huang, Qiulong Wu, Zhihu Huang
BACKGROUND: Published data regarding the association between GSTM1 and/or GSTT1 gene polymorphisms and esophageal cancer (EC) susceptibility remain inconclusive. To clarify these associations, a meta-analysis was conducted. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search in PubMed, Embase, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for all such manuscripts published as of May 1, 2017. The pooled odds ratio (ORs) with confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated for each study to assess the strength of the association...
December 7, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212284/systematic-review-and-critique-of-circulating-mirnas-as-biomarkers-of-stage-i-ii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Francesca Moretti, Paola D'Antona, Emanuele Finardi, Marco Barbetta, Lorenzo Dominioni, Albino Poli, Elisabetta Gini, Douglas M Noonan, Andrea Imperatori, Nicola Rotolo, Maria Cattoni, Paola Campomenosi
Selected circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been suggested for non-invasive screening of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however the numerous proposed miRNA signatures are inconsistent. Aiming to identify miRNAs suitable specifically for stage I-II NSCLC screening in serum/plasma samples, we searched the databases "Pubmed", "Medline", "Scopus", "Embase" and "WOS" and systematically reviewed the publications reporting quantitative data on the efficacy [sensitivity, specificity and/or area under the curve (AUC)] of circulating miRNAs as biomarkers of NSCLC stage I and/or II...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211787/the-effect-of-somatostatin-analogues-on-postoperative-outcomes-following-pancreatic-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#16
Xianlin Han, Zhiyan Xu, Shaobo Cao, Yupei Zhao, Wenming Wu
BACKGROUND: Leakage from the pancreatic stump is a leading cause of morbidity following pancreatic surgery. It is essential to evaluate the effect of somatostatin analogues (SAs) following pancreatic surgery by analyzing all recent clinical trials. DATA SOURCES: We performed a literature search in the Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Web of Science databases up to May 29, 2016. Publication bias was assessed with Egger's test. Study quality was assessed using the Jadad Composite Scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211222/cabg-surgery-remains-the-best-option-for-patients-with-left-main-coronary-disease-in-comparison-with-pci-des-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Michel Pompeu Barros Oliveira Sá, Artur Freire Soares, Rodrigo Gusmão Albuquerque Miranda, Mayara Lopes Araújo, Alexandre Motta Menezes, Frederico Pires Vasconcelos Silva, Ricardo Carvalho Lima
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR, SciELO, LILACS, Google Scholar and reference lists of relevant articles were searched for clinical studies that reported outcomes at 1-year follow-up after PCI with DES and CABG for the treatment of ULMCA stenosis...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211057/neonatal-neutrophils-stimulated-by-group-b-streptococcus-induce-a-proinflammatory-t-helper-cell-bias
#18
Jianguo Lin, Seema Haridas, Stephen J Barenkamp, Larissa Chioquetta Lorenset, Ashley Sang Eun Lee, Benjamin T Schroeder, Guangyong Peng, Joyce M Koenig
BackgroundGroup B Streptococcus (GBS) infection causes inflammatory comorbidities in newborns. While the mechanisms remain unclear, evidence suggests that impaired innate-adaptive immune interactions may be contributory. We hypothesized that GBS-stimulated neonatal neutrophils provide a milieu that may drive proinflammatory T-helper (Th) cell programming.MethodsNeutrophils were stimulated with Type III GBS (COH1); supernatants or intact neutrophils were cocultured with CD4+ T cells or regulatory T cells (Tregs)...
December 6, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209554/genetic-analysis-of-lrrk2-r1628p-in-parkinson-s-disease-in-asian-populations
#19
REVIEW
Yuan Zhang, Qiying Sun, Minhan Yi, Xun Zhou, Jifeng Guo, Qian Xu, Beisha Tang, Xinxiang Yan
Although the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) remains unclear, there is increasing evidence of genetic factors contributing to the onset of PD. Various mutations and risk variants of the gene LRRK2 have been reported, but the association between LRRK2 R1628P and PD is still inconsistent. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to determine the potential relationship between R1628P and PD. Our study sample was an aggregate of 17 publications, which in total consisted of 9,275 PD patients and 8,114 controls. All of these articles are of high quality according to NOS, and there was no obvious reporting bias or heterogeneity...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209504/the-fifa-11-injury-prevention-program-for-soccer-players-a-systematic-review
#20
David Sadigursky, Juliana Almeida Braid, Diogo Neiva Lemos De Lira, Bruno Almeida Barreto Machado, Rogério Jamil Fernandes Carneiro, Paulo Oliveira Colavolpe
Background: Soccer is one of the most widely played sports in the world. However, soccer players have an increased risk of lower limb injury. These injuries may be caused by both modifiable and non-modifiable factors, justifying the adoption of an injury prevention program such as the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program for soccer players. Methodology: This meta-analysis was based on the PRISMA 2015 protocol...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
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