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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684739/evaluating-meteorological-data-from-weather-stations-and-from-satellites-and-global-models-for-a-multi-site-epidemiological-study
#1
Josh M Colston, Tahmeed Ahmed, Cloupas Mahopo, Gagandeep Kang, Margaret Kosek, Francisco de Sousa Junior, Prakash Sunder Shrestha, Erling Svensen, Ali Turab, Benjamin Zaitchik
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal and time series analyses are needed to characterize the associations between hydrometeorological parameters and health outcomes. Earth Observation (EO) climate data products derived from satellites and global model-based reanalysis have the potential to be used as surrogates in situations and locations where weather-station based observations are inadequate or incomplete. However, these products often lack direct evaluation at specific sites of epidemiological interest...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684314/efficacy-of-endosonographic-procedures-in-mediastinal-re-staging-of-lung-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-diagnostic-accuracy-meta-analysis
#2
Valliappan Muthu, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Sahajal Dhooria, Ashutosh N Aggarwal, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The optimal modality for re-staging the mediastinum following neoadjuvant therapy for lung cancer remains unclear. Surgical methods are currently considered the reference standard. Herein, we evaluate the role of endosonographic techniques for mediastinal re-staging in lung cancer. METHODS: Systematic review of PubMed and EmBase databases was performed to identify studies utilizing endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) or a combination (CUS) for mediastinal re-staging following induction therapy for stage III lung cancer...
April 20, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684288/endobronchial-ultrasound-for-nodal-staging-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-radiologically-normal-mediastinum-a-meta-analysis
#3
Hazem El-Osta, Pushan Jani, Ali Mansour, Philip Rascoe, Syed Jafri
RATIONALE: An accurate assessment of the mediastinal lymph nodes status is essential in the staging and treatment planning of potentially resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). OBJECTIVES: We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the role of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in detecting occult mediastinal disease in NSCLC with no radiologic mediastinal involvement. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane libraries were searched for studies describing the role of EBUS-TBNA in lung cancer patients with radiologically negative mediastinum...
April 23, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684200/ultrasound-for-assessing-disease-activity-in-ibd-patients-a-systematic-review-of-activity-scores
#4
S Bots, K Nylund, M Löwenberg, K Gecse, O H Gilja, G D'Haens
Background and aims: Ultrasound (US) indices for assessing disease activity in IBD patients have never been critically reviewed. We aimed to systematically review the quality and reliability of available ultrasound (US) indices compared with reference standards for grading disease activity in IBD patients. Methods: Pubmed, Embase and Medline were searched from 1990 until June 2017. Relevant publications were identified through full text review after initial screening by 2 investigators...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684028/does-chlorhexidine-reduce-bacteremia-following-tooth-extraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Iciar Arteagoitia, Carlos Rodriguez Andrés, Eva Ramos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Scientific evidence is not clear regarding the use of antimicrobial mouth rinse before dental extraction to reduce bacteremia. We tested the null hypothesis that there would be no difference in the incidence of bacteremia following dental extractions in patients treated with or without chlorhexidine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis following the recommendations proposed by PRISMA Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683557/the-prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-mainland-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Chenghan Gao, Xin Sun, Li Lu, Fangwei Liu, Jing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.The aim of this study was to estimate the pooled prevalence of GDM in mainland China according to International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria. METHODS: We performed a systematic review by searching both English and Chinese literature databases. Random effects models were used to summarize the prevalence of GDM in mainland China...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683456/measuring-the-kinematics-of-daily-living-movements-with-motion-capture-systems-in-virtual-reality
#7
Kyoungwon Seo, Ahreum Lee, Jieun Kim, Hokyoung Ryu, Hojin Choi
The inability to complete instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is a precursor to various neuropsychological diseases. Questionnaire-based assessments of IADL are easy to use but prone to subjective bias. Here, we describe a novel virtual reality (VR) test to assess two complex IADL tasks: handling financial transactions and using public transportation. While a participant performs the tasks in a VR setting, a motion capture system traces the position and orientation of the dominant hand and head in a three-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682718/-meta-analysis-for-high-risk-factor-of-anastomotic-leakage-after-anal-preserving-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#8
Yingjiang Ye, Hongpeng Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the effect of defunctioning stoma, preoperative radiotherapy, and level of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) ligation on the postoperative anastomotic leakage in rectal cancer by meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) published before December 2017 regarding the effects of defunctioning stoma, preoperative radiotherapy, and level of inferior mesenteric artery ligation on the postoperative anastomotic leakage in rectal cancer were searched from PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang database, meanwhile open data in unpublished trials from clinicaltrials...
2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681014/toxicity-and-quality-of-life-in-published-clinical-trials-for-advanced-lung-cancer
#9
Matjaz Zwitter
BACKGROUND: In every report on incurable disease, clear presentation of toxicity and of quality of life (QoL) is of essential importance. This postulate was assessed on a series of publications on systemic treatment for advanced lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis covered papers on original phase II-IV clinical trials published between 2013 and 2015 and included in the PubMed database. RESULTS: Selected for analysis were 349 publications on 333 trials with a total of 78...
April 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678990/chemoattractant-receptor-homologous-molecule-expressed-on-th2-cells-crth2-antagonists-in-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#10
Wei Liu, Jie Min, Hongli Jiang, Bing Mao
INTRODUCTION: More than 20 orally bioavailable chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells (CRTH2) antagonists have moved forward to clinical development in recent years for the treatment of asthma. However, evidence from individual randomised controlled trials (RCTs) has demonstrated inconsistent results in their efficacy and safety. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: PubMed/Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Global Index Medicus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Scopus will be searched from inception to 30 December 2017 for eligible RCTs, with additional studies being identified by manual searches...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678965/parents-uptake-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccines-for-their-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#11
Peter A Newman, Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Philip Baiden, Suchon Tepjan, Clara Rubincam, Nick Doukas, Farid Asey
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with parents' uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines for their children. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, AIDSLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Social Sciences Abstracts, Ovid MEDLINE, Scholars Portal, Social Sciences Citation Index and Dissertation Abstracts International from inception through November 2017. METHODS: We included studies that sampled parents and assessed uptake of HPV vaccines for their children (≤18 years) and/or sociodemographics, knowledge, attitudes or other factors associated with uptake...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678306/missing-data-in-trauma-registries-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Gowri Shivasabesan, Biswadev Mitra, Gerard M O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Trauma registries play an integral role in trauma systems but their valid use hinges on data quality. The aim of this study was to determine, among contemporary publications using trauma registry data, the level of reporting of data completeness and the methods used to deal with missing data. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted of all trauma registry-based manuscripts published from 01 January 2015 to current date (17 March 2017). Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL using relevant subject headings and keywords...
March 30, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678097/extent-of-use-of-electronic-records-in-children-s-primary-care-and-public-health-in-europe
#13
Michael Rigby, Grit Kühne, Rama Greenfield, Azeem Majeed, Mitch E Blair
EHRs are widely seen as a key resource in modern health care. For children not only is primary care vital, but also case-based public health systems can help ensure that all children receive immunisation and other preventive programmes. A European study showed that in 2016 in the 30 EU and EEA countries, 19 countries had widespread use of EHRs in children's primary care, while 20 countries had case-based child public health systems. However, the results show a bias of disadvantage for poorer or smaller countries...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677686/bicycle-helmets-to-wear-or-not-to-wear-a-meta-analyses-of-the-effects-of-bicycle-helmets-on-injuries
#14
Alena Høye
A meta-analysis has been conducted of the effects of bicycle helmets on serious head injury and other injuries among crash involved cyclists. 179 effect estimates from 55 studies from 1989-2017 are included in the meta-analysis. The use of bicycle helmets was found to reduce head injury by 48%, serious head injury by 60%, traumatic brain injury by 53%, face injury by 23%, and the total number of killed or seriously injured cyclists by 34%. Bicycle helmets were not found to have any statistically significant effect on cervical spine injury...
April 17, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676540/effects-of-omega-3-supplementation-on-adipocytokines-in-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Tarik Becic, Christian Studenik
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effects of omega-3 supplementation on adipocytokine levels in adult prediabetic and diabetic individuals. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Cochrane Trial Register, World Health Organization Clinical Trial Registry Platform, and Clinicaltrial.gov Registry from inception to August 1, 2017 for randomized controlled trials. Pooled effects of interventions were assessed as mean difference using random effects model...
April 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675511/is-adhesive-bond-strength-similar-in-primary-and-permanent-teeth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Carine Weber Pires, Eloisa Barbieri Soldera, Laura Izabel Lampert Bonzanini, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares, Anelise Fernandes Montagner, Rachel de Oliveira Rocha
PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature on laboratory studies to determine whether the bond strength of adhesives to primary teeth is similar to that to permanent teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA and registered in PROSPERO (CRD42014015160). A comprehensive literature search was conducted considering in vitro studies published up to June 2015 in the PubMed/MEDLINE database, with no limit on year of publication...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674128/diagnostic-value-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-cxcl13-for-acute-lyme-neuroborreliosis-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Tobias Armin Rupprecht, Kirsi Marjaana Manz, Volker Fingerle, Christian Lechner, Matthias Klein, Markus Pfirrmann, Uwe Koedel
OBJECTIVES: The utility of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) CXCL13 for diagnosis of acute Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) has been debated and the test is not yet routinely performed. This study's aim was to evaluate its overall diagnostic accuracy through meta-analysis. METHODS: Electronic searches in PubMed MEDLINE and Web of Science were performed to identify relevant articles published before January 2018. A summary receiver operating characteristic curve and an optimal cut-off were estimated modeling multiple cut-offs...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673899/it-s-about-time-cesarean-sections-and-neonatal-health
#18
Ana María Costa-Ramón, Ana Rodríguez-González, Miquel Serra-Burriel, Carlos Campillo-Artero
Cesarean sections have been associated in the literature with poorer newborn health, particularly with a higher incidence of respiratory morbidity. Most studies suffer, however, from potential omitted variable bias, as they are based on simple comparisons of mothers who give birth vaginally and those who give birth by cesarean section. We try to overcome this limitation and provide credible causal evidence by using variation in the probability of having a c-section that is arguably unrelated to maternal and fetal characteristics: variation by time of day...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673830/is-telehealth-effective-in-managing-malnutrition-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Wolfgang Marx, Jaimon T Kelly, Megan Crichton, Dana Craven, Jorja Collins, Hannah Mackay, Elizabeth Isenring, Skye Marshall
Telehealth offers a feasible method to provide nutrition support to malnourished older adults. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to determine the efficacy of telehealth methods in delivering malnutrition-related interventions to community-dwelling older adults. Studies in any language were searched in five electronic databases from inception to 2nd November 2017. Quality of the evidence was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool and the GRADE approach. Nine studies were identified, with results published across 13 included publications, which had mostly low to unclear risk of bias...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673602/a-comparison-of-accuracy-and-computational-feasibility-of-two-record-linkage-algorithms-in-retrieving-vital-status-information-from-hiv-aids-patients-registered-in-brazilian-public-databases
#20
Adelzon Assis de Paula, Denise Franqueira Pires, Pedro Alves Filho, Kátia Regina Valente de Lemos, Eduardo Barçante, Antonio Guilherme Pacheco
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: While cross-referencing information from people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) to the official mortality database is a critical step in monitoring the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Brazil, the accuracy of the linkage routine may compromise the validity of the final database, yielding to biased epidemiological estimates. We compared the accuracy and the total runtime of two linkage algorithms applied to retrieve vital status information from PLWHA in Brazilian public databases...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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