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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734149/discharge-management-strategies-and-post-discharge-care-interventions-for-depression-systematic%C3%A2-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
F Holzinger, S Fahrenkrog, S Roll, F Kleefeld, M Adli, C Heintze
BACKGROUND: Patients with depression require treatment continuity when discharged from inpatient care. Interventions aimed at optimizing transition into outpatient care may be effective in preventing symptom deterioration and readmission. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of care transition interventions for patients with depression after psychiatric hospitalization. METHODS: Systematic review and random-effects meta-analysis of controlled trials. Primary outcomes were readmissions and symptoms of depression...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732120/the-prevalence-of-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-evidence-from-70-studies
#2
Dongdong Zhao, Bao Dong, Dandan Yu, Qiongqiong Ren, Yehuan Sun
OBJECTIVE: A growing number of studies have investigated the prevalence of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) around the world. The aim of this study was to systematically estimate the pooled prevalence of MIH. METHODS: A comprehensive literature research was completed in English and Chinese databases. Random effect models were used to calculate the pooled prevalence. To address the heterogeneity, meta-regression, and sensitivity analyzes were conducted. Publication bias was estimated by trim and fill method...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732037/integrating-cervical-cancer-with-hiv-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review
#3
Louise Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Victoria Haldane, Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Suan Ee Ong, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Nicola Watt, Alconada Alvaro, Laura Otero-Garcia, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Kent Buse, Martin Mckee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. Even though readily preventable, it is the fourth leading cause of death in women globally. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer, highlighting the need for access to screening and treatment for this population. Integration of services has been proposed as an effective way of improving access to cervical cancer screening especially in areas of high HIV prevalence as well as lower resourced settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731924/clinical-trial-registry-use-in-anaesthesiology-systematic-reviews-a-cross-sectional-study-of-systematic-reviews-published-in-anaesthesiology-journals-and-the-cochrane-library
#4
Blake A Umberham, Byron N Detweiler, Matthew T Sims, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: Publication bias within systematic reviews may result in incorrect conclusions leading to inappropriate clinical decisions and a decreased quality of patient care. Searching clinical trial registries for unpublished studies is one possible solution to minimise publication bias. OBJECTIVES: To examine rates of clinical trial registry searches in systematic reviews published in respected anaesthesiology journals and whether these searches found trials (or data) eligible for inclusion; to compare rates of registry searches between published reviews and similar reviews within the Cochrane Anaesthesia, Critical and Emergency Care Group; to conduct trial registry searches for a subset of reviews, determining whether eligible studies were overlooked; to investigate whether reporting of results in completed anaesthesia trials on ClinicalTrials...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731846/presence-and-future-of-culturing-bacteria
#5
Jörg Overmann, Birte Abt, Johannes Sikorski
The cultivation of bacteria is highly biased toward a few phylogenetic groups. Many of the currently underexplored bacterial lineages likely have novel biosynthetic pathways and unknown biochemical features. New cultivation concepts have been developed based on an improved understanding of the ecology of previously not-cultured bacteria. Particularly successful were improved media that mimic the natural types and concentrations of substrates and nutrients, high-throughput cultivation techniques, and approaches that exploit biofilm formation and bacterial interactions...
July 21, 2017: Annual Review of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730887/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pneumonia-associated-with-thin-liquid-vs-thickened-liquid-intake-in-patients-who-aspirate
#6
Asako Kaneoka, Jessica M Pisegna, Hiroki Saito, Melody Lo, Katey Felling, Nobuhiko Haga, Michael P LaValley, Susan E Langmore
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether drinking thin liquids with safety strategies increases the risk for pneumonia as compared with thickened liquids in patients who have demonstrated aspiration of thin liquids. DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases, one clinical register, and three conference archives were searched. No language or publication date restrictions were imposed. Reference lists were scanned and authors and experts in the field were contacted. REVIEW METHODS: A blind review was performed by two reviewers for published or unpublished randomized controlled trials and prospective non-randomized trials comparing the incidence of pneumonia with intake of thin liquids plus safety strategies vs...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730172/serum-ca125-ca199-and-cea-combined-detection-for-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-diagnosis-a-meta-analysis
#7
Junhong Guo, Jiangtao Yu, Xiaojie Song, Haixia Mi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of combination detection of serum cancer antigen 125 (CA125), carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA199) and carci noembryonic antigen(CEA) in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer by pooling the open published studies according to meta-analysis method. METHODS: Diagnostic studies related to combination detection of serum CA125, CA199 and CEA in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer were electronic searched in the databases of PubMed, Cochrane, Google scholar, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge and CNKI by two independent reviewers...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730169/effects-of-s-1-combined-with-radiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-nasopharyngeal-cancer-a-meta-analysis-based-on-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Jin Fengtong, Fu Jiangtao, Wang Yating, Wu Lili, Chen Jianbo, Wang Xiaofei
The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects and toxicity of S-1 combined with radiotherapy in the treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). Through a search of the databases of PubMed, Embase, the Chinese Biomedicine Database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang system and Chongqing VIP Information (CQVIP), the efficacy and side effects data of S-1 combined with radiotherapy in the treatment of NPC patients from open published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were collected...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729765/meta-analysis-study-to-evaluate-the-association-of-mthfr-c677t-polymorphism-with-risk-of-ischemic-stroke
#9
P A Abhinand, M Manikandan, R Mahalakshmi, P K Ragunath
Ischemic stroke is a condition characterized by reduced blood supply to part of the brain, initiating the ischemic cascade, leading to dysfunction of the brain tissue in that area. It is one of the leading causes of death and disability and is estimated to cause around 5.7 million deaths worldwide. Methyl tetra hydro-folate reductase (MTHFR) is a rate limiting enzyme in the methyl cycle which catalyzes the only biochemical reaction which produces 5, Methyl tetra hydro folate, the co-substrate for the re-methylation of homocystiene to produce methionine...
2017: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729317/the-effects-of-physical-activity-interventions-on-glycated-haemoglobin-a1c-in-non-diabetic-populations-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
I Cavero-Redondo, B Peleteiro, C Álvarez-Bueno, M Garrido-Miguel, E G Artero, V Martinez-Vizcaino
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological evidence suggests that physical activity has a positive effect on reducing glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels not only in diabetics, but also in healthy subjects. Moreover, a positive association of HbA1c levels with cardiovascular disease and mortality in non-diabetic populations has recently been reported. This is a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis aiming to estimate the effects of physical activity on glycaemic control measured by HbA1c levels in non-diabetic populations; and to determine which type of physical activity has a greater influence on glycaemic control...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729304/effectiveness-of-the-management-of-major-depressive-episodes-disorder-in-adults-with-comorbid-chronic-physical-diseases-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Pablo Martínez, Ariel Castro, Diego Alonso, Paul A Vöhringer, Graciela Rojas
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a global-scale public health problem, and a significant association has been established between depression and chronic physical diseases. This growing comorbidity poses a challenge to healthcare systems. We aim to assess the effectiveness of the management of major depressive episodes/disorder in adults with comorbid chronic physical diseases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728958/effectiveness-of-resistance-exercise-compared-to-aerobic-exercise-without-insulin-therapy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Cybelle Nery, Silvia Regina Arruda De Moraes, Karyne Albino Novaes, Márcio Almeida Bezerra, Patrícia Verçoza De Castro Silveira, Andrea Lemos
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has been used to mitigate the metabolic effects of diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of resistance exercise when compared to aerobic exercise without insulin therapy on metabolic and clinical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Papers were searched on the databases MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, and SCIELO, without language or date of publication limits...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727834/systematic-review-outcome-reporting-bias-is-a-problem-in-high-impact-factor-neurology-journals
#13
Benjamin Howard, Jared T Scott, Mark Blubaugh, Brie Roepke, Caleb Scheckel, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: Selective outcome reporting is a significant methodological concern. Comparisons between the outcomes reported in clinical trial registrations and those later published allow investigators to understand the extent of selection bias among trialists. We examined the possibility of selective outcome reporting in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in neurology journals. METHODS: We searched PubMed for randomized controlled trials from Jan 1, 2010 -Dec 31, 2015 published in the top 3 impact factor neurology journals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727831/follicle-stimulating-hormone-is-an-accurate-predictor-of-azoospermia-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#14
Thomas W Kelsey, Lauren McConville, Angela B Edgar, Alex I Ungurianu, Rod T Mitchell, Richard A Anderson, W Hamish B Wallace
The accuracy of Follicle Stimulating Hormone as a predictor of azoospermia in adult survivors of childhood cancer is unclear, with conflicting results in the published literature. A systematic review and post hoc analysis of combined data (n = 367) were performed on all published studies containing extractable data on both serum Follicle Stimulating Hormone concentration and semen concentration in survivors of childhood cancer. PubMed and Medline databases were searched up to March 2017 by two blind investigators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727672/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Toufik Mahfood Haddad, Alok Saurav, Aiman Smer, Muhammad S Azzouz, Abhilash Akinapelli, Mark A Williams, Venkata M Alla
PURPOSE: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (EBCR) has been demonstrated to improve functional capacity in heart failure (HF). However, there are limited data on the effect of EBCR in patients with advanced HF and left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). This meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effects of EBCR on functional capacity in patients with LVAD. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for randomized studies assessing the impact of EBCR in patients following LVAD implantation compared with standard therapy (ST)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727670/effect-of-psychosocial-and-vocational-interventions-on-return-to-work-rates-post-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-systematic-review
#16
Lisa OʼBrien, Sonal Wallace, Lorena Romero
PURPOSE: To examine whether the effects of psychosocial and vocational interventions delivered in the first 3 mo post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are effective for improving work outcomes compared with other interventions. METHODS: A search was completed for English language publications up to March 2016 across 4 electronic databases and gray literature. Inclusion criteria were (1) psychosocial and/or vocational interventions; (2) adults 18 years or older with an AMI who were within the first 3 mo post-AMI; (3) randomized or clinically controlled trials; and (4) reporting of at least 1 return-to-work (RTW) outcome: including return to paid/unpaid employment, either full-time or part-time, to the previous job role or on modified duties...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726147/stent-migration-following-endoscopic-suture-fixation-of-esophageal-self-expandable-metal-stents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Ryan Law, Anoop Prabhu, Larissa Fujii-Lau, Carol Shannon, Siddharth Singh
BACKGROUND: Covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) are utilized for the management of benign and malignant esophageal conditions; however, covered SEMS are prone to migration. Endoscopic suture fixation may mitigate the migration risk of covered esophageal SEMS. Hence, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of endoscopic suture fixation for covered esophageal SEMS. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, we performed a systematic review from 2011 to 2016 to identify studies (case control/case series) reporting the technical success and migration rate of covered esophageal SEMS following endoscopic suture fixation...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725669/data-concerning-the-impact-of-mental-fatigue-on-vigor-as-measured-with-the-brunel-mood-scale-brums-in-both-physically-active-and-trained-subjects-a-mini-meta-analysis
#18
Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
The aim of the present mini meta-analysis was to compute the overall effect of mental fatigue induced by two cognitive tasks (namely, AX-continuous performance test or AX-CPT and incongruent Stroop test) on mood state, particularly on vigor, assessed using the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS), in both physically active and trained subjects. Search strategy was taken from a systematic review recently carried out by Van Cutsem and collaborators [1], as well as the quality assessment of the included studies. Mental fatigue was not found to impact on vigor score (n=62, effect size=0...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725217/metagenomics-the-next-culture-independent-game-changer
#19
REVIEW
Jessica D Forbes, Natalie C Knox, Jennifer Ronholm, Franco Pagotto, Aleisha Reimer
A trend towards the abandonment of obtaining pure culture isolates in frontline laboratories is at a crossroads with the ability of public health agencies to perform their basic mandate of foodborne disease surveillance and response. The implementation of culture-independent diagnostic tests (CIDTs) including nucleic acid and antigen-based assays for acute gastroenteritis is leaving public health agencies without laboratory evidence to link clinical cases to each other and to food or environmental substances...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725207/predictors-of-biased-self-perception-in-individuals-with-high-social-anxiety-the-effect-of-self-consciousness-in-the-private-and-public-self-domains
#20
Henrik Nordahl, Alice Plummer, Adrian Wells
"Biased self-perception," the tendency to perceive one's social performance as more negative than observers do, is characteristic of socially anxious individuals. Self-attention processes are hypothesised to underlie biased self-perception, however, different models emphasise different aspects of self-attention, with attention to the public aspects of the self being prominent. The current study aimed to investigate the relative contribution of two types of dispositional self-attention; public- and private self-consciousness to biased self-perception in a high (n = 48) versus a low (n = 48) social anxiety group undergoing an interaction task...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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