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Systematic review diagnostic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531848/a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-of-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-perinatal-depression
#1
REVIEW
C A Woody, A J Ferrari, D J Siskind, H A Whiteford, M G Harris
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of the disease burden for women of childbearing age, but the burden of MDD attributable to perinatal depression is not yet known. There has been little effort to date to systematically review available literature and produce global estimates of prevalence and incidence of perinatal depression. Enhanced understanding will help to guide resource allocation for screening and treatment. METHODS: A systematic literature review using the databases PsycINFO and PubMED returned 140 usable prevalence estimates from 96 studies...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531829/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-europe-a-meta-analysis
#2
Claire E Eades, Dawn M Cameron, Josie M M Evans
AIMS: Estimates of the prevalence of gestational diabetes vary widely. It is important to have a clear understanding of the prevalence of this condition to be able to plan interventions and health care provision. This paper describes a meta-analysis of primary research data reporting the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in the general pregnant population of developed countries in Europe. METHODS: Four electronic databases were systematically searched in May 2016...
May 9, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531449/validity-of-the-adductor-pollicis-muscle-as-a-component-of-nutritional-screening-in-the-hospital-setting-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Charles Chin Han Lew, Fangyi Ong, Michelle Miller
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The thickness of the adductor pollicis muscle (TAPM) is the only muscle that can be directly measured with a caliper. Recent studies demonstrate that the TAPM could be used as part of nutritional screening, but this has not been systematically reviewed. We aimed to review the validity and reliability of TAPM in identifying malnutrition risk. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL and Scopus were systematically searched. Eligible studies were cross-sectional, case-control or cohort studies which recruited adult patients in the hospital, measured the TAPM along with a valid nutritional assessment tool and evaluated the validity of TAPM with univariate, multivariate, discriminative and/or agreement statistics...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530847/repeatability-of-mr-elastography-of-liver-a-meta-analysis
#4
Suraj D Serai, Nancy A Obuchowski, Sudhakar K Ventakesh, Claude B Sirlin, Frank H Miller, Edward Ashton, Patricia E Cole, Richard L Ehman
Purpose To perform a meta-analysis to generate an estimate of the repeatability coefficient (RC) for magnetic resonance (MR) elastography of the liver. Materials and Methods A systematic search of databases was performed for publications on MR elastography during the 10-year period between 2006 and 2015. The identified studies were screened independently and were verified reciprocally by all authors. Two reviewers independently determined the percentage RC and effective sample size from each article. A forest plot was constructed of the percentage RC estimates from the 12 studies...
May 22, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526427/atypical-presentations-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Camilla Barros Meireles, Laís Chaves Maia, Gustavo Coelho Soares, Ilara Parente Pinheiro Teodoro, Maria do Socorro Vieira Gadelha, Cláudio Gleidiston Lima da Silva, Marcos Antonio Pereira de Lima
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in 88 countries, showing relevant prevalences. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review on atypical lesions of CL around the world, addressing clinico-epidemiological, immunological and therapeutic aspects. A search of the literature was conducted via electronic databases Scopus and PubMed for articles published between 2010 and 2015. The search terms browsed were "cutaneous leishmaniasis", "atypical" and "unusual". Based on the eligibility criteria, 34 out of 122 articles were included in the final sample...
May 16, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525198/-multiple-and-recurrent-cutaneous-abscesses-diagnosis-approach
#6
REVIEW
N Sène, V Del Marmol
INTRODUCTION: The cutaneous abscess commonly occurs in the medical practice, its management being well known. However, atypical cases - multiple occurrence, recurrence and/or resistance to classical treatment can be very challenging for the physician. These cases can be addressed for consultation in several medical specialties depending the age of the patient and the site of the lesions. The systematization of the diagnostic approach would have a great impact for the clinical practice...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523968/gastrointestinal-system-involvement-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#7
Z Li, D Xu, Z Wang, Y Wang, S Zhang, M Li, X Zeng
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem disorder which can affect the gastrointestinal (GI) system. Although GI symptoms can manifest in 50% of patients with SLE, these have barely been reviewed due to difficulty in identifying different causes. This study aims to clarify clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of the four major SLE-related GI system complications: protein-losing enteropathy (PLE), intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IPO), hepatic involvement and pancreatitis. It is a systematic review using MEDLINE and EMBASE databases and the major search terms were SLE, PLE, IPO, hepatitis and pancreatitis...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523252/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-in-the-world-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-general-population-studies
#8
REVIEW
Gita Shafiee, Abbasali Keshtkar, Akbar Soltani, Zeinab Ahadi, Bagher Larijani, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, an age-related decline in muscle mass and function, is one of the most important health problems in elderly with a high rate of adverse outcomes. However, several studies have investigated the prevalence of sarcopenia in the world, the results have been inconsistent. The current systematic review and meta- analysis study was conducted to estimate the overall prevalence of sarcopenia in both genders in different regions of the world. METHODS: Electronic databases, including MEDLINE (via PubMed), SCOPUS and Web of Science were searched between January 2009 and December 2016...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522943/accuracy-of-computed-tomographic-features-in-differentiating-intestinal-tuberculosis-from-crohn-s-disease-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Saurabh Kedia, Raju Sharma, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Kumble Seetharama Madhusudhan, Vishal Sharma, Sawan Bopanna, Venigalla Pratap Mouli, Rajan Dhingra, Dawesh Prakash Yadav, Govind Makharia, Vineet Ahuja
Abdominal computed tomography (CT) can noninvasively image the entire gastrointestinal tract and assess extraintestinal features that are important in differentiating Crohn's disease (CD) and intestinal tuberculosis (ITB). The present meta-analysis pooled the results of all studies on the role of CT abdomen in differentiating between CD and ITB. We searched PubMed and Embase for all publications in English that analyzed the features differentiating between CD and ITB on abdominal CT. The features included comb sign, necrotic lymph nodes, asymmetric bowel wall thickening, skip lesions, fibrofatty proliferation, mural stratification, ileocaecal area, long segment, and left colonic involvements...
April 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522663/the-use-of-noncontrast-quantitative-mri-to-detect-gadolinium-enhancing-multiple-sclerosis-brain-lesions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
A Gupta, K Al-Dasuqi, F Xia, G Askin, Y Zhao, D Delgado, Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Concerns have arisen about the long-term health effects of repeat gadolinium injections in patients with multiple sclerosis and the incomplete characterization of MS lesion pathophysiology that results from relying on enhancement characteristics alone. PURPOSE: Our aim was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis analyzing whether noncontrast MR imaging biomarkers can distinguish enhancing and nonenhancing brain MS lesions. DATA SOURCES: Our sources were Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, and the Cochrane data base from inception to August 2016...
May 18, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522290/somatization-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Danilo Carrozzino, Per Bech, Chiara Patierno, Marco Onofrj, Bo Mohr Morberg, Astrid Thomas, Laura Bonanni, Mario Fulcheri
The current systematic review study is aimed at critically analyzing from a clinimetric viewpoint the clinical consequence of somatization in Parkinson's Disease (PD). By focusing on the International Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we conducted a comprehensive electronic literature research strategy on ISI Web-of-Science, PsychINFO, PubMed, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. Out of 2.926 initial records, only a total of 9 studies were identified as clearly relevant and analyzed in this systematic review...
May 15, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521798/use-of-malaria-rdts-in-various-health-contexts-across-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#12
Matthew R Boyce, Wendy P O'Meara
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends parasitological confirmation of malaria prior to treatment. Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) represent one diagnostic method that is used in a variety of contexts to overcome limitations of other diagnostic techniques. Malaria RDTs increase the availability and feasibility of accurate diagnosis and may result in improved quality of care. Though RDTs are used in a variety of contexts, no studies have compared how well or effectively RDTs are used across these contexts...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521520/corrigendum
#13
(no author information available yet)
Falszewska A, Dziechciarz P, Szajewska H. The diagnostic accuracy of Clinical Dehydration Scale in identifying dehydration in children with acute gastroenteritis: a systematic review. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2014;53:1181-8. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0009922814538493 ).
May 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520858/rapid-tests-for-influenza-respiratory-syncytial-virus-and-other-respiratory-viruses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Ahl Bruning, Mmg Leeflang, Jmbw Vos, R Spijker, M D de Jong, K C Wolthers, D Pajkrt
Rapid diagnosis of respiratory virus infections contributes to patient care. This systematic review evaluates the diagnostic accuracy of rapid tests for the detection of respiratory viruses. We searched Medline and EMBASE for studies evaluating these tests against PCR as reference standard. 179 studies were included of which 134 evaluated rapid tests for influenza viruses, 32 for RSV, and 13 for other respiratory viruses. We used the bivariate random effects model for quantitative meta-analysis of the results...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520753/comparative-accuracy-of-ct-perfusion-in-diagnosing-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-systematic-review-of-27-trials
#15
Jiantong Shen, Xianglian Li, Youping Li, Bing Wu
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate and compare the diagnostic accuracy of CT perfusion (CTP), non-enhanced computed tomography (NCCT) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) in detecting acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We searched seven databases and screened the reference lists of the included studies. The risk of bias in the study quality was assessed using QUADASII. We produced paired forest plots in RevMan to show the variation of the sensitivity and specificity estimates together with their 95% CI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514779/low-back-pain-in-pregnancy-investigations-management-and-role-of-neuraxial-analgesia-and-anaesthesia-a-systematic-review
#16
Herman Sehmbi, Rohan D'Souza, Anuj Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is commonly experienced during pregnancy and is often poorly managed. There is much ambiguity in diagnostic work-up, appropriate management and decision-making regarding the use of neuraxial analgesia and anaesthesia during labour and delivery in these patients. This systematic review summarises the evidence regarding investigations, management strategies and considerations around performing neuraxial blocks for pregnant women with LBP. METHODS: We searched 3 databases and reviewed literature concerning LBP in pregnancy with regards to diagnostic modalities, management strategies and use of neuraxial techniques for facilitating labour and delivery...
May 18, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514747/diagnostic-value-of-using-18f-fdg-pet-and-pet-ct-in-immunocompetent-patients-with-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Yaru Zou, Jianjing Tong, Haiyan Leng, Jingwei Jiang, Meng Pan, Zi Chen
BACKGROUND: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and PET/CT have become two of the most powerful tools for malignant lymphoma exploration, but their diagnostic role in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is still disputed. The purpose of our study is to identify the usefulness of 18F-FDG PET and PET/CT for detecting PCNSL. RESULTS: A total of 129 patients, obtained from eight eligible studies, were included for this systematic review and meta-analysis...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513534/unraveling-prion-protein-interactions-with-aptamers-and-other-prp-binding-nucleic-acids
#18
REVIEW
Bruno Macedo, Yraima Cordeiro
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are a group of neurodegenerative disorders that affect humans and other mammals. The etiologic agents common to these diseases are misfolded conformations of the prion protein (PrP). The molecular mechanisms that trigger the structural conversion of the normal cellular PrP (PrP(C)) into the pathogenic conformer (PrP(Sc)) are still poorly understood. It is proposed that a molecular cofactor would act as a catalyst, lowering the activation energy of the conversion process, therefore favoring the transition of PrP(C) to PrP(Sc)...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512034/diagnostic-yield-of-capsule-endoscopy-versus-magnetic-resonance-enterography-and-small-bowel-contrast-ultrasound-in-the-evaluation-of-small-bowel-crohn-s-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Uri Kopylov, Diana E Yung, Tal Engel, Sanju Vijayan, Ofir Har-Noy, Lior Katz, Salvatore Oliva, Tomer Avni, Robert Battat, Rami Eliakim, Shomron Ben-Horin, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Capsule endoscopy (CE), magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) and small bowel (SB) intestinal contrast ultrasound (SICUS) are the modalities of choice for SB evaluation. This study aimed to compare the diagnostic yield (DY) of CE to MRE and SICUS in detection and monitoring of SB CD through meta-analysis of the available literature. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search for trials comparing the accuracy of CE, MRE and SICUS for detection of active SB inflammation in patients with suspected and/or established CD...
April 27, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511929/clinical-characteristics-of-pertussis-associated-cough-in-adults-and-children-a-diagnostic-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Abigail Moore, Helen F Ashdown, Bethany Shinkins, Nia W Roberts, Cameron C Grant, Daniel S Lasserson, Anthony Harnden
BACKGROUND: Pertussis (whooping cough) is a highly infective cause of cough that causes significant morbidity and mortality. Existing case definitions include paroxysmal cough, whooping and post-tussive vomiting but diagnosis can be difficult. We determined the diagnostic accuracy of clinical characteristics of pertussis-associated cough. METHODS: We systematically searched CINAHL, Embase, Medline and SCI-EXPANDED/CPCI-S up to June 2016. Eligible studies compared clinical characteristics in those positive and negative for Bordetella pertussis infection, confirmed by laboratory investigations...
May 13, 2017: Chest
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