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Systematic review diagnostic

Partha Basu, Farida Selmouni, Latifa Belakhel, Catherine Sauvaget, Loubna Abousselham, Eric Lucas, Richard Muwonge, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Youssef Chami Khazraji
Breast Cancer Screening Program was introduced and rolled out in Morocco in 2010. Women between 40 and 69 years are screened at the primary health centers (PHC) with clinical breast examination (CBE). A comprehensive evaluation of the program was conducted in 2016-2017 for quality assurance and mid-term course correction. The evaluation process involved: in-depth interviews of program managers; focus group discussions with service-providers of screening, diagnosis and treatment; supportive supervisory visits to randomly selected PHCs and diagnostic centers; desk review of the national guidelines and other published documents; and analysis of the performance data compiled by the program-in-charge...
July 14, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Myong Kim, Chang Wook Jeong, Seung-June Oh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of urodynamic detrusor overactivity (DO) on the outcomes of transurethral surgery in patients with male bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for articles published between January 1989 and June 2017. All results of eligible studies were synthesized. RESULTS: Nine articles met the eligibility criteria. These studies included a total of 932 patients with a median number of 92 patients per study (range 40-190)...
July 13, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Nicolas Silva-Illanes, Manuel Espinoza
BACKGROUND: The economic evaluation of colorectal cancer screening is challenging because of the need to model the underlying unobservable natural history of the disease. OBJECTIVES: To describe the available Markov models and to critically analyze their main structural assumptions. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in eight relevant databases (MEDLINE, Embase, Econlit, National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database, Health Economic Evaluations Database, Health Technology Assessment database, Cost-Effective Analysis Registry, and European Network of Health Economics Evaluation Databases), identifying 34 models that met the inclusion criteria...
July 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Jennie Hayes, Tamsin Ford, Hateem Rafeeque, Ginny Russell
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that diagnostic procedures for Autism Spectrum Disorder are not consistent across practice and that diagnostic rates can be affected by contextual and social drivers. The purpose of this review was to consider how the content of clinical practice guidelines shapes diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder in the UK; and investigate where, within those guidelines, social factors and influences are considered. METHODS: We electronically searched multiple databases (NICE Evidence Base; TRIP; Social Policy and Practice; US National Guidelines Clearinghouse; HMIC; The Cochrane Library; Embase; Global health; Ovid; PsychARTICLES; PsychINFO) and relevant web sources (government, professional and regional NHS websites) for clinical practice guidelines...
July 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Brenna L Quinn, Jean C Solodiuk, Dominick Morrill, Sangeeta Mauskar
Findings reveal the importance of including childhood ailments as potential pain sources. ABSTRACT: Purpose: Children with medical complexity experience frequent pain. But it can be challenging to recognize unexpected behaviors as pain related, especially in the absence of self-report. Often these children undergo extensive workups aimed at diagnosing the sources of pain. This study had three objectives: to describe the signs and symptoms parents of nonverbal children with medical complexity found worrisome, to describe the sources of pain in these children, and to describe nursing pain assessment practices in this population...
July 12, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
Arada Vinaiphat, Visith Thongboonkerd
Knowledge of the function of molecular chaperones is required for a better understanding of cellular proteostasis. Nevertheless, such information is currently dispersed as most of previous studies investigated chaperones on a single-angle basis. Recently, a new subdiscipline of chaperonology, namely 'chaperonomics' (defined as "systematic analysis of chaperone genes, transcripts, proteins, or their interaction networks using omics technologies"), has been emerging to better understand biological, physiological and pathological roles of chaperones...
July 13, 2018: Expert Review of Proteomics
Dong Wook Kim, Hee Mang Yoon, Jeong-Yong Lee, Jung Heon Kim, Ah Young Jung, Jin Seong Lee, Young Ah Cho
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic performance of CT for pediatric patients with suspected appendicitis in various clinical settings and the proportion of acute appendicitis on final diagnosis among equivocal CT findings. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched until October 21, 2017, for studies investigating diagnostic performance of CT for acute appendicitis in pediatric patients confirmed by histopathologic findings and/or clinical follow-up. Pooled estimates of sensitivity and specificity were calculated using a hierarchical logistic regression modeling...
July 12, 2018: Emergency Radiology
Niranjan J Sathianathen, Mohit Butaney, Badrinath R Konety
INTRODUCTION: Conventional imaging modalities have been poor in characterizing the true extent of disease in men with biochemical recurrence following primary treatment for prostate cancer. Functional imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) has shown promise of being a superior imaging modality. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to define the diagnostic accuracy of PET/CT using 11C-choline, 18F-FACBC, or 68Ga-PSMA in detecting recurrent prostate cancer. METHODS: We searched multiple databases in line with the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement to define the diagnostic accuracy of 11C-choline, 18F-FACBC, or 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT...
July 12, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Chong Hyun Suh, Ho Sung Kim, Seung Chai Jung, Choong Gon Choi, Sang Joon Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the imaging features of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutant glioma and to assess the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for prediction of IDH mutation in patients with glioma. METHODS: A systematic search of Ovid-MEDLINE and EMBASE up to 10 October 2017 was conducted to find relevant studies. The search terms combined synonyms for 'glioma', 'IDH mutation' and 'MRI'. Studies evaluating the imaging features of IDH mutant glioma and the diagnostic performance of MRI for prediction of IDH mutation in patients with glioma were selected...
July 12, 2018: European Radiology
Michelle M Clark, Zornitza Stark, Lauge Farnaes, Tiong Y Tan, Susan M White, David Dimmock, Stephen F Kingsmore
Genetic diseases are leading causes of childhood mortality. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and whole-exome sequencing (WES) are relatively new methods for diagnosing genetic diseases, whereas chromosomal microarray (CMA) is well established. Here we compared the diagnostic utility (rate of causative, pathogenic, or likely pathogenic genotypes in known disease genes) and clinical utility (proportion in whom medical or surgical management was changed by diagnosis) of WGS, WES, and CMA in children with suspected genetic diseases by systematic review of the literature (January 2011-August 2017) and meta-analysis, following MOOSE/PRISMA guidelines...
2018: NPJ Genomic Medicine
Jose V Pérez Santa-Rita, Joaquin Baixeras
Two new species of the neotropical genus Brusqeulia Razowski & Becker, 2000, are described and illustrated: B. yunkensis Pérez Santa-Rita & Baixeras, sp. n. from Bolivia and B. araguensis Pérez Sant-Rita & Baixeras, sp. n. from Venezuela. The systematic position and diagnostic characters of the genus are reviewed, resulting in the synonymy of Pinhaisania Razowski & Becker, 2000, with Brusqeulia , and the combination B. crispula (Razowski & Becker, 2000), comb. n. New characters of the female genitalia are discussed...
2018: ZooKeys
C H Suh, H S Kim, S C Jung, C G Choi, S J Kim
BACKGROUND: O6-methylguanine methyltransferase ( MGMT ) promoter methylation status has been reported as a prognostic biomarker in clinical trials. PURPOSE: Our aim was to systematically evaluate imaging features of MGMT promoter methylated glioblastoma and to determine the diagnostic performance of MR imaging for prediction of MGMT promoter methylation in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. DATA SOURCES: A computerized search of Ovid MEDLINE and EMBASE up to February 27, 2018, was conducted...
July 12, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Janelle M Guirguis-Blake, Corinne V Evans, Nadia Redmond, Jennifer S Lin
Importance: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is associated with a high risk for cardiovascular events and poor ambulatory function, even in the absence of symptoms. Screening for PAD with the ankle-brachial index (ABI) may identify patients in need of treatment to improve health outcomes. Objective: To systematically review evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force on PAD screening with the ABI, the diagnostic accuracy of the test, and the benefits and harms of treatment of screen-detected PAD...
July 10, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Maryam Sahebari, Zahra Rezaieyazdi, Mandana Khodashahi, Bita Abbasi, Fazlollah Ayatollahi
Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with a wide range of clinical manifestations. Cognitive dysfunction is one of the manifestations that could present prior to the emergence of any other neuropsychiatric involvements in SLE. Cognitive dysfunction is a subtle condition occurring with a high frequency. However, there is no data on the correlation of cognitive dysfunction with central nervous system (CNS) imaging findings, in particular single-photon emission computed tomography scan (SPECT) and functional MRI...
2018: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
Gowri Raman, Esther E Avendano, Jeffrey Chan, Sanjay Merchant, Laura Puzniak
Background: Identifying risk factors predicting acquisition of resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa will aid surveillance and diagnostic initiatives and can be crucial in early and appropriate antibiotic therapy. We conducted a systematic review examining risk factors of acquisition of resistant P. aeruginosa among hospitalized patients. Methods: MEDLINE®, EMBASE®, and Cochrane Central were searched between 2000 and 2016 for studies examining independent risk factors associated with acquisition of resistant P...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Sizheng Zhao, Daniel Thong, Natasha Miller, Stephen J Duffield, David M Hughes, Laura Chadwick, Nicola J Goodson
BACKGROUND: Depression is common among patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), but reports of its prevalence are highly variable. We performed a systematic review to (i) describe the prevalence of depression in axSpA, (ii) compare its prevalence between axSpA, ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA) cohorts, and (iii) compare disease activity and functional impairment between those with and without depression. METHODS: We searched Medline, PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus, the Cochrane library and conference abstracts of the European League Against Rheumatism, British Society for Rheumatology and American College of Rheumatology using a predefined protocol in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
July 11, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Eltaib A Saad, Elamin Y Elsamani, Walid E AbdElrahim, Kamal E Elsiddig, Eltahir A G Khalil
Introduction: Appendicular mucocele is a rare well-described clinico-pathological occurrence. It denotes an obstructive dilatation of the appendicular lumen by mucinous secretions. Case report: A 60-year-old patient presented with right lower abdominal pain and nausea for 2 years. Abdominal CT scan suggested a diagnosis of a appendicular mucocele. Following informed consent, surgical exploration revealed a cystic mass arising from the body of the appendix with inflamed walls with no evidence of perforation...
June 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
J Abduo, M Elseyoufi
Digital impressions by intraoral scanning (IOS) have become an increasingly popular alternative to conventional impressions. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the available IOS systems for dental impression, and identify the influencing factors on accuracy. The literature search was completed to retrieve all the studies that investigated the IOS accuracy when used to scan teeth. A total of 2305 studies were initially obtained. After applying the inclusion criteria, 32 studies were suitable for the analysis...
July 10, 2018: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
Yu Zhu, Mi Yang, Fangjun Li, Menghua Li, Zhenzhen Xu, Fang Yang, Yue Liu, Wenzhi Chen, Yougen Zhang, Renshi Xu
Evidences suggest that Cystatin C (Cys C) levels might be a biomarker in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) diagnosis, but the conclusion is still in doubts. We conducted a systematic review and meta analysis of Cys C levels in cerebrospinal cord fluid (CSF) and peripheral blood of patients with ALS in order to further confirm whether or not Cys C levels is a biomarker in ALS diagnosis. The English relevant studies without year limitation were systematically searched in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science databases...
2018: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Lena-Mari Tamminen, Ulf Emanuelson, Isabel Blanco-Penedo
The emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance is a growing global threat and has aroused a global interest in limiting antibiotic use in animal agriculture. As we are entering the post-antibiotic era, there is a growing need for identifying alternatives to antibiotics for prevention and treatment. Although phytotherapeutic remedies are available and are used in Europe, evidence of their efficacy is currently very limited but is nevertheless still necessary. A systematic review of phytotherapy used for the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases in farm animals has been conducted using the PICOS approach...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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