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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785112/treatment-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementias-with-psychopharmaceuticals-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Jiří Masopust, Dita Protopopová, Martin Vališ, Zbyšek Pavelek, Blanka Klímová
Behavioral and psychological symptoms represent common complications in patients with different types of dementia. Predominantly, they comprise psychosis, agitation and mood disorders, disinhibited behavior, impairment of the sleep and wakefulness rhythm, wandering, perseveration, pathological collecting, or shouting. Their appearance is related to more rapid progression of the disease, earlier institutionalization, use of physical restraints, and higher risk of mortality. Consequently, appearance of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia leads to higher costs of care provided and greater distress for caregivers...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784235/staff-training-reduces-the-use-of-physical-restraint-in-mental-health-service-evidence-based-reflection-for-china
#2
REVIEW
Junrong Ye, Aixiang Xiao, Lin Yu, Jianxiong Guo, Huawei Lei, Hongmei Wei, Wei Luo
OBJECT: The purpose of this article was to synthesize the evidence regarding the reduction of physical restraint, and to seek some practical recommendations based on the current situation in China. METHOD: Nine databases were retrieved; these were PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Trip Database, PsysINFO, Cochrane Library, CNKI (Chinese database), Wanfang (Chinese database) and CBM (Chinese database) respectively. The selected articles were screened manually, and the identified researches were appraised through Review manager 5...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784230/re-building-trust-after-physical-restraint-during-involuntary-psychiatric-hospitalization
#3
Anwar Khatib, Mahajne Ibrahim, David Roe
This study attempted to identify the elements which might best minimize the negative consequences of restriction of inpatients and rebuild therapeutic alliance and trust. Through in depth interviews with 15 psychiatric patients who had experience restrained during the last involuntary psychiatric hospitalization. Analysis of the data revealed three major themes with regard to trust between restrained patient and restraining staff members during restriction of the patient's freedom. Duration of Restriction, Contact with a Staff Member while Restrained, Supportive Interactions and Staff's Response to Restricted Patients' Needs were reported by patients as crucial in determining the way restrained is experienced and its later impact...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784222/psychiatric-patients-and-nurses-opinions-about-limit-setting-technique-in-port-said-city
#4
Sonia M El-Sayad
BACKGROUND: Limit setting facilitates the development of a therapeutic, caring and supportive relationships, it can also decrease patients' feelings of anxiety and uncertainty. It is a two-way process that should be delivered professionally by the nurse and perceived therapeutically by the patient, so patient considered a vital participant of the technique. AIM: The present study aimed at exploring psychiatric patients' and nurses' opinions as well as their information about limit setting...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784216/physical-and-mechanical-restraint-in-psychiatric-units-perceptions-and-experiences-of-nursing-staff
#5
Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Danielle Maria da Silva, Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Bianca Cristina Ciccone Giacon, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Adriana Inocenti Miasso, Tatiana Longo Borges
BACKGROUND: Physical restraint in psychiatric units is a common practice but extremely controversial and poorly evaluated by methodologically appropriate investigations. The cultural issues and professionals' perceptions and attitudes are substantial contributors to the frequency of restraint that tend to be elevated. Aim In this qualitative study, we aimed to understand the experiences and perceptions of nursing staff regarding physical restraint in psychiatric units. METHOD: Through theoretical sampling, 29 nurses from two Brazilian psychiatric units participated in the study...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783956/extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-exposure-and-restraint-stress-induce-changes-on-the-brain-lipid-profile-of-wistar-rats
#6
Jesús Martínez-Sámano, Alan Flores-Poblano, Leticia Verdugo-Díaz, Marco Antonio Juárez-Oropeza, Patricia V Torres-Durán
BACKGROUND: Exposure to electromagnetic fields can affect human health, damaging tissues and cell homeostasis. Stress modulates neuronal responses and composition of brain lipids. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of chronic extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) exposure, restraint stress (RS) or both (RS + ELF-EMF) on lipid profile and lipid peroxidation in Wistar rat brain. METHODS: Twenty-four young male Wistar rats were allocated into four groups: control, RS, ELF-EMF exposure, and RS + ELF-EMF for 21 days...
May 21, 2018: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783792/utilization-and-effectiveness-of-harnesses-and-lifelines-in-grain-entrapment-incidents-preliminary-analysis
#7
Salah F Issa, Mahmoud M Nour, William E Field
No previous studies have been found that document the level of use or validate the effectiveness of safety harnesses and lifelines in the prevention of or extrication from grain entrapments or engulfments. This article addresses that void via analysis of the data contained in the Purdue Agricultural Confined Space Incident Database. A total of 1,147 cases involving entrapments or engulfments in grain masses were mined for terms that might indicate the use of a safety harness, lifeline, fall restraint system, rope, or outside observer...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783630/does-molimina-indicate-ovulation-prospective-data-in-a-hormonally-documented-single-cycle-in-spontaneously-menstruating-women
#8
Jerilynn C Prior, Chiaki Konishi, Christine L Hitchcock, Elaine Kingwell, Patti Janssen, Anthony P Cheung, Nichole Fairbrother, Azita Goshtasebi
Approximately 33% of normal-length (21⁻35 days) cycles have subclinical ovulatory disturbances and lack sufficient progesterone, although their normal length ensures enough estrogen. Subclinical ovulatory disturbances are related to significant premenopausal spine bone loss (-0.86%/year). Molimina, non-distressing premenstrual experiences, may detect ovulation within normal-length cycles. This prospective study assessed the relationship between molimina and ovulation. After 1-cycle of daily diary and first morning urine collections, women answered the Molimina Question (MQ): " Can you tell by the way you feel that your period is coming? " and were invited to share (a) predictive premenstrual experience(s)...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782232/living-without-restraint-one-parent-s-reflections-and-recommendations-for-supporting-at-risk-individuals-with-developmental-disabilities
#9
Wilfred Beaudoin, Adam Moore
In the past several years, there has been an important movement to reduce the utilization of restraint for individuals with developmental disabilities. Legislatures, local and national, are taking on the task of shaping the way that our culture supports people who, up until now, have been often treated in a punitive manner rather than truly supportive in a therapeutic way. Schools and systems of care struggle to identify strategies that offer more positive outcomes to all individuals, even those with challenging behaviors...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782230/minimizing-restraint-and-seclusion-in-schools-a-response-to-beaudoin-and-moore
#10
Virginia L Walker, Sarah E Pinkelman
Increasing efforts have been made in the field of special education to identify positive, evidence-based practices (EBPs) to meet the needs of students who engage in problem behavior, with a major goal being to eliminate or limit the use of reactive measures such as restraint and seclusion ( Snell & Walker, 2014 ). Various stakeholders, including families and self-advocates, have voiced concerns about the dangers of restraint and seclusion and the lack of protection afforded to students who engage in severe problem behavior...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782229/restraint-restrictive-intervention-and-seclusion-of-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#11
Carli Friedman, Caitlin Crabb
Restraint, restrictive interventions, and seclusion are hotly contested practices with inconclusive evidence of their effectiveness. Because the use of restraint and seclusion on people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is controversial and its effectiveness doubtable, this study was conducted to explore if and how they were permitted in Medicaid HCBS 1915(c) waivers, the largest providers of long-term services and supports (LTSS) for people with IDD. To do so, 111 fiscal year 2015 IDD waivers from across the nation were examined to determine if and how states permitted restraint, restrictive interventions, and seclusion...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778625/the-mediating-role-of-phosphodiesterase-type-4-in-the-dopaminergic-modulation-of-motor-impulsivity
#12
P R A Heckman, A Blokland, N P Van Goethem, B T J Van Hagen, J Prickaerts
The current study investigated the mediating role of phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE4) regulated cAMP in the dopaminergic modulation of premature responding (action restraint) in rats. Response inhibition, which includes action restraint, finds its neurobiological origin in cortico-striatal-thalamic circuitry and can be modulated by dopamine. Intracellularly, the effect of dopamine is largely mediated through the cAMP/PKA signaling cascade. Areas in the prefrontal cortex are very sensitive to their neurochemical environment, including catecholamine levels...
May 17, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#13
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776973/challenges-in-end-of-life-dementia-care
#14
REVIEW
Anne A Fetherston, Grace Rowley, Charlotte L Allan
Dementia is a chronic, progressive disease that is now much more widely recognised and treated. Patients with dementia may require palliative care when they reach the end stage of their illness, or they may have mild-moderate cognitive symptoms comorbid with a life-limiting illness. The variety of presentations necessitates a highly individual approach to care planning, and patients should be encouraged to set their own goals and contribute to advanced care planning where possible. Assessment and management of distressing symptoms at the end of life can be greatly helped by a detailed knowledge of the individuals' prior wishes, interdisciplinary communication and recognition of changes in presentation that may result from new symptoms, for example, onset of pain, nutritional deficits and infection...
May 18, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776707/unplanned-extubations-in-an-intensive-care-unit-findings-from-a-critical-incident-technique
#15
Matteo Danielis, Simona Chiaruttini, Alvisa Palese
BACKGROUND: Patients on mechanical ventilation are at risk of experiencing a potentially life-threatening unplanned extubation in the intensive care unit, which can lead to arrhythmias, bronchial aspiration, difficulty in reintubation or even sudden cardiac arrest. Although incidence and outcomes of the phenomenon have been documented in several quantitative studies, no studies have investigated the antecedents as experienced by critical care nurses. OBJECTIVES: To gain a greater understanding of the antecedents of unplanned extubations...
May 15, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775725/anti-hepatitis-c-virus-activity-and-synergistic-effect-of-nymphaea-alba-extracts-and-bioactive-constituents-in-liver-infected-cells
#16
Sidra Rehman, Usman Ali Ashfaq, Bushra Ijaz, Sheikh Riazuddin
BACKGROUND: Without an effective vaccine, hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a global threat, inflicting 170-300 million carriers worldwide at risk of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Though various direct acting antivirals have been redeemed the hepatitis C treatment, a few restraints persist including possible side effects, viral resistance emergence, excessive cost which restricts its availability to a common person. HYPOTHESIS: There is no preventive HCV vaccine available today so the discovery of potent antiviral natural flora and their bioactive constituents may help to develop preventive cures against HCV infection...
May 15, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775673/gender-dependent-contribution-of-muscarinic-receptors-in-memory-retrieval-under-sub-chronic-stress
#17
Habiba Rashid, Touqeer Ahmed
Stress induces retrograde amnesia in humans and rodents. Muscarinic antagonism under normal physiological conditions causes gender dependent impairment in episodic memory retrieval. We aimed to explore the gender dependent role of muscarinic receptors in memory retrieval under sub-chronic stress condition. Male and female mice were trained for Morris water maze test and contextual fear conditioning, followed by 3 hour restraint stress per day for five days. Stress was either given alone or in combination with a daily subcutaneous injection of scopolamine (1 mg/kg) or donepezil (1 mg/kg)...
May 15, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775635/enhanced-sampling-of-interdomain-motion-using-map-restrained-langevin-dynamics-and-nmr-application-to-pin1
#18
Jill J Bouchard, Junchao Xia, David A Case, Jeffrey W Peng
Many signaling proteins consist of globular domains connected by flexible linkers that allow for substantial domain motion. Because these domains often serve as complementary functional modules, the possibility of functionally important domain motions arises. To explore this possibility, we require knowledge of the ensemble of protein conformations sampled by interdomain motion. Measurements of NMR residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) of backbone NH bonds offer a per-residue characterization of interdomain dynamics, as the couplings are sensitive to domain orientation...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772083/effects-of-prenatal-stress-on-anxiety-and-depressive-like-behaviors-are-sex-specific-in-prepubertal-rats
#19
Ann Mary Iturra-Mena, Marcia Arriagada-Solimano, Ariane Luttecke-Anders, Alexies Dagnino-Subiabre
The fetal brain is highly susceptible to stress in late pregnancy, with lifelong effects of stress on physiology and behavior. The aim of this study was to determine the physiological and behavioral effects of prenatal stress during the prepubertal period of female and male rats. We subjected pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats to a restraint stress protocol from gestational day 14 until 21, a critical period for fetal brain susceptibility to stress effects. Male and female offspring were subsequently assessed at postnatal day 24 for anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors, and spontaneous social interaction...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771102/-reclusion-and-physical-restraint-in-psychiatry-influencing-factors-and-alternatives
#20
Jérôme Morisset
Introduction and context: The use of reclusion and restraint is neither a recent practice nor a rare practice in psychiatric services. In France, the Controller General of Places of Deprivation of Liberty reported certain drifts in 2015. Since then, the public authorities have sought to frame this practice with the aim of limiting its use. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: The purpose of this study is to examine how, through a literature review, the topic of limitation of constraint measures and the definition of a future direction of research is discussed...
March 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
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