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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166717/-left-atrial-appendage-volume-is-a-valuable-predictor-of-atrial-fibrillation-recurrence-after-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation
#1
G A Zheng, C Y Lin, L Weng, J D Chen
Objective: To investigate the association between the left atrial appendage (LAA) volume and atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after radiofrequency catheter ablation. Methods: We prospectively enrolled sixty-two patients with AF (40 cases with paroxysmal AF, 22 cases with persistent AF) who successfully underwent a first AF catheter ablation and had performed contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomography (CT) prior to the procedure to measure LAA volumes in our hospital from January 2012 to August 2015. Circumferential pulmonary vein isolation was performed under the guidance of three-dimension mapping system (CARTO system)...
November 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166488/income-inequality-and-high-blood-pressure-in-colombia-a-multilevel-analysis
#2
Diego I Lucumi, Amy J Schulz, Ana V Diez Roux, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
The objective of this research was to examine the association between income inequality and high blood pressure in Colombia. Using a nationally representative Colombian sample of adults, and data from departments and municipalities, we fit sex-stratified linear and logistic multilevel models with blood pressure as a continuous and binary variable, respectively. In adjusted models, women living in departments with the highest quintile of income inequality in 1997 had higher systolic blood pressure than their counterparts living in the lowest quintile of income inequality (mean difference 4...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166247/does-sodium-knowledge-affect-dietary-choices-and-health-behaviors-results-from-a-survey-of-los-angeles-county-residents
#3
George Dewey, Ranjana N Wickramasekaran, Tony Kuo, Brenda Robles
INTRODUCTION: In 2010, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health launched a local sodium-reduction initiative to address the rising prevalence of high blood pressure (hypertension) and related cardiovascular conditions in the population. To inform this effort, we evaluated self-reported knowledge and health behaviors related to sodium intake among Los Angeles County residents. METHODS: We administered 3 cross-sectional Internet panel surveys on knowledge about dietary sodium to a sample of Los Angeles County adults, at intervals from December 2014 through August 2016...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166183/the-development-of-an-interactive-health-education-model-based-on-the-djuwita-application-for-adolescent-girls
#4
Sri Djuwitaningsih, Setyowati
Alarming incidents of maternal deaths in Indonesia are due to three major causes: bleeding, sepsis, and hypertension, in addition to other non-obstetric causes and unsafe abortions. Adolescent girls contributed to maternal mortality based on early marriage, unwanted pregnancy, and childbirth. Prevention efforts have been taken through government programs and non-governmental organizations, but in practice those were considered ineffective. Thus, a preventative effort in the form of health education should be made, preferably embedded in a popular mobile application that most teenagers would be apt to use...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165388/argan-oil-as-an-effective-nutri-therapeutic-agent-in-metabolic-syndrome-a-preclinical-study
#5
Adil El Midaoui, Youssef Haddad, Younes Filali-Zegzouti, Réjean Couture
The present study aims at examining the effects of argan oil on the three main cardiovascular risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome (hypertension, insulin resistance and obesity) and on one of its main complications, neuropathic pain. Male Sprague-Dawley rats had free access to a drinking solution containing 10% d-glucose or tap water for 12 weeks. The effect of argan oil was compared to that of corn oil given daily by gavage during 12 weeks in glucose-fed rats. Glucose-fed rats showed increases in systolic blood pressure, epididymal fat, plasma levels of triglycerides, leptin, glucose and insulin, insulin resistance, tactile and cold allodynia in association with a rise in superoxide anion production and NADPH oxidase activity in the thoracic aorta, epididymal fat and gastrocnemius muscle...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165383/a-mini-review-of-the-nadph-oxidases-in-vascular-dementia-correlation-with-noxs-and-risk-factors-for-vad
#6
REVIEW
Dong-Hee Choi, Jongmin Lee
Oxidative stress (OS) is one of the factors that cause dementia conditions such as Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia (VaD). In the pathogenesis of VaD, OS is associated with risk factors that include increased age, hypertension, and stroke. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidases (NOXs) are a molecular source of reactive oxygen species (ROS). According to recent studies, inhibition of NOX activity can reduce cognitive impairment in animal models of VaD. In this article, we review the evidence linking cognitive impairment with NOX-dependent OS, including the vascular NOX and non-vascular NOX systems, in VaD...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165355/acute-effects-of-nitrate-rich-beetroot-juice-on-blood-pressure-hemostasis-and-vascular-inflammation-markers-in-healthy-older-adults-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#7
Kyle Raubenheimer, Danica Hickey, Michael Leveritt, Robert Fassett, Joaquin Ortiz de Zevallos Munoz, Jason D Allen, David Briskey, Tony J Parker, Graham Kerr, Jonathan M Peake, Natalie M Pecheniuk, Oliver Neubauer
Aging is associated with a vasoconstrictive, pro-coagulant, and pro-inflammatory profile of arteries and a decline in the bioavailability of the endothelium-derived molecule nitric oxide. Dietary nitrate elicits vasodilatory, anti-coagulant and anti-inflammatory effects in younger individuals, but little is known about whether these benefits are evident in older adults. We investigated the effects of 140 mL of nitrate-rich (HI-NI; containing 12.9 mmol nitrate) versus nitrate-depleted beetroot juice (LO-NI; containing ≤0...
November 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165175/triglycerides-and-blood-pressure-in-relation-to-circulating-cd34-positive-cell-levels-among-community-dwelling-elderly-japanese-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Yuji Shimizu, Shimpei Sato, Yuko Noguchi, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Koichiro Kadota, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Yasuhiro Nagata, Takahiro Maeda
BACKGROUND: Triglycerides are reported to be positively associated with blood pressure (both systolic and diastolic). However, in a previous study, we reported a significant positive association between triglycerides and circulating CD34-positive cells (endothelial repair) among non-hypertensive, but not hypertensive, participants. Since hypertension and endothelial dysfunction have a bi-directional association (vicious cycle), the status of circulating CD34-positive cells may influence the association between triglycerides and hypertension...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165173/health-and-well-being-benefits-of-spending-time-in-forests-systematic-review
#9
Byeongsang Oh, Kyung Ju Lee, Chris Zaslawski, Albert Yeung, David Rosenthal, Linda Larkey, Michael Back
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported that spending time in nature is associated with the improvement of various health outcomes and well-being. This review evaluated the physical and psychological benefits of a specific type of exposure to nature, forest therapy. METHOD: A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, and ProQuest databases and manual searches from inception up to December 2016. Key words: "Forest" or "Shinrin -Yoku" or "Forest bath" AND "Health" or "Wellbeing"...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165159/increase-in-the-prevalence-of-hypertension-among-adults-exposed-to-the-great-chinese-famine-during-early-life
#10
Lingli Liu, Xianglong Xu, Huan Zeng, Yong Zhang, Zumin Shi, Fan Zhang, Xianqing Cao, Yao Jie Xie, Cesar Reis, Yong Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the association between exposure to the Great Chinese Famine (1959-1961) during early life and hypertension in adulthood. METHODS: From July to September 2009, 1224 eligible adults were recruited in a cross-sectional survey using a multi-stage stratified random sampling method in Chongqing China. A questionnaire was used to collect information of hypertension and sociodemographic factors. Participants were categorized as childhood, fetal, and none exposure to famine based on the date of birth...
August 25, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165138/a-relationship-between-a-level-of-hemoglobin-after-delivery-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-initiation-at-a-baby-friendly-hospital-in-japan
#11
Saki Horie, Kyoko Nomura, Shinichi Takenoshita, Junko Nakagawa, Michiko Kido, Mitsuhiro Sugimoto
BACKGROUND: The recent National Nutrition Survey of 2013 demonstrated that 16.7% of women in childbearing age are underweight, and 5.0-10.0% of these women manifested a Hemoglobin (Hb) level less than 11.0 g/dl. The purpose of this study was to investigate if such maternal nutritional status affects success of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated 1532 dyads of mothers and infants with full-term singleton pregnancies delivered during 2011 at a perinatal center in Tokyo...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165132/plasma-free-amino-acid-profiles-evaluate-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-diabetes-dyslipidemia-and-hypertension-in-a-large-asian-population
#12
Natsu Yamaguchi, M H Mahbub, Hidekazu Takahashi, Ryosuke Hase, Yasutaka Ishimaru, Hiroshi Sunagawa, Hiroki Amano, Mikiko Kobayashi-Miura, Hideyuki Kanda, Yasuyuki Fujita, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Mai Yamamoto, Shinya Kikuchi, Atsuko Ikeda, Mariko Takasu, Naoko Kageyama, Mina Nakamura, Tsuyoshi Tanabe
BACKGROUND: Recently, the association of plasma free amino acid (PFAA) profile and lifestyle-related diseases has been reported. However, few studies have been reported in large Asian populations, about the usefulness of PFAAs for evaluating disease risks. We examined the ability of PFAA profiles to evaluate lifestyle-related diseases in so far the largest Asian population. METHODS: We examined plasma concentrations of 19 amino acids in 8589 Japanese subjects, and determined the association with variables associated with obesity, blood glucose, lipid, and blood pressure...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165123/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-hypertension-and-prehypertension-in-a-working-population-at-high-altitude-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Yang Shen, Chun Chang, Jingru Zhang, Ying Jiang, Bingying Ni, Yanling Wang
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the epidemiology of hypertension and prehypertension at high altitude in China, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension, prehypertension and their risk factors among Chinese working population at high altitude regions. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in an occupational sample of 4198 employees aged 20-59 years on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau between May to July 2013. Information from a self-administered questionnaire, physical examinations and laboratory measurements were obtained from each participant...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165119/comorbidities-according-to-airflow-limitation-severity-data-from-comprehensive-health-examination-in-japan
#14
Shota Masuda, Hisamitsu Omori, Ayumi Onoue, Xi Lu, Kenichi Kubota, Noritaka Higashi, Yasuhiro Ogata, Takahiko Katoh
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between airflow limitation (AL) severity and comorbidities in comprehensive health examination. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 6661 men and 6044 women aged 40-89 who underwent a lung function test during medical checkups. AL was defined as forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity of < 0.7. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between AL severity and the presence of comorbidities...
March 20, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165114/prevalence-of-stroke-and-associated-risk-factors-among-middle-aged-and-older-farmers-in-western-china
#15
Song Zhang, Zheng Liu, Yong-Liang Liu, Yu-Ling Wang, Tao Liu, Xiang-Bin Cui
OBJECTIVES: China has the world's largest population and the stroke has become the leading cause of death in recent years. The purpose of this study was to explore the associations between hypertension, family history of stroke, diabetes mellitus, obesity and stroke among middle-aged and older farmers of western China. A population-based study was conducted from June 2014 to April 2015 in Shaanxi and Sichuan provinces. METHODS: Twenty thousand five hundred twenty-five Chinese middle-aged and older farmers (≥40 years) were recruited to the Qinling-Daba Mountains Region Stroke Study...
March 15, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165111/population-profile-and-residential-environment-of-an-urban-poor-community-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#16
Md Khalequzzaman, Chifa Chiang, Bilqis Amin Hoque, Sohel Reza Choudhury, Saika Nizam, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Akiko Matsuyama, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Syed Shariful Islam, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama
OBJECTIVES: A population survey was conducted in an urban shantytown in Bangladesh, as a baseline study of future epidemiological studies. This paper aims to describe the findings of the study, including the population profile and residential environment of the urban poor. METHODS: We conducted a complete count household survey in an urban poor community in Dhaka. Using a brief structured questionnaire in Bengali language, trained interviewers visited each household and asked questions such as: duration of residence; ownership of house, toilet and kitchen; water supply; number of family members; age, sex, education, occupation, tobacco use, and history of diseases of each family member...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165108/medical-visits-antihypertensive-prescriptions-and-medication-adherence-among-newly-diagnosed-hypertensive-patients-in-korea
#17
Hyoseon Jeong, Hyeongsu Kim, Kunsei Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Hye Mi Ahn, Soon Ae Shin, Vitna Kim
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the antihypertensive medication adherence in patients who were newly diagnosed with hypertension in Korea. METHODS: Study subjects were diagnosed with hypertension for the first time by the General Health Screening in 2012 and were 65,919. As indices, visiting rate to medical institution, the antihypertensive prescription rate, medication possession ratio and the rate of appropriate medication adherence were used...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165090/inhibition-of-adipogenesis-by-thiourea-derivatives
#18
Hina Siddiqui, Sarah Shafi, Farah Mukhtar, Asma Ejaz, Atta-Ur-Rahman, M Iqbal Choudhary
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the major health problem with inherent risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, CVDs etc. Adipogenesis is a major contributor in the process of obesity. Inhibition of adipocytes is one of the key approach to treat obesity. OBJECTIVE: To discover the new inhibitors of adipogenesis as the treatment for the obesity. METHOD: We describe here the synthesis and anti-adipogenic activity of thiourea derivatives 1-14. These derivatives were synthesized by the reactions of phenyl and pentafluorophenyl isothiocyanate with different aromatic amines...
November 20, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165061/posterior-nutcracker-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#19
Jae Hyon Park, Gi Hoon Lee, Seul Mi Lee, Michael Eisenhut, Andreas Kronbichler, Keum Hwa Lee, Jae Il Shin
Posterior nutcracker syndrome (PNCS) is the entrapment of the left renal vein between the aorta and the vertebral column. Although uncommon, it is still an important diagnosis due to the high morbidity associated with the risk of secondary anaemia from haematuria, from long-term left renal vein hypertension, vascular thrombosis, and even blood clots in the urinary system. A literature search of PubMed and EMBASE databases was performed and 27 publications containing 27 cases were included for the final analysis...
November 22, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165051/a-structure-function-analysis-in-patients-with-prekallikrein-deficiency
#20
Antonio Girolami, Silvia Ferrari, Elisabetta Cosi, Anna Maria Lombardi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the structure-function relation in prekallikrein (PK) deficiency. PK is one of the proteins of the contact phase of blood coagulation which at the present time is the object of a revival of interest. METHODS: All patients with PK deficiency who had been investigated by molecular biology techniques are the object of the present investigation. Details of patients were obtained from personal files and a time-unlimited PubMed search. Only cases with a molecular-biology-based diagnosis were included...
November 22, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
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