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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076926/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#2
REVIEW
L Susan Wieland, Nicole Skoetz, Karen Pilkington, Ramaprabhu Vempati, Christopher R D'Adamo, Brian M Berman
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga for treating chronic non-specific low back pain, compared to no specific treatment, a minimal intervention (e...
January 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075155/a-qualitative-study-exploring-community-yoga-practice-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Heather M Greysen, S Ryan Greysen, Kathryn A Lee, Oi Saeng Hong, Patricia Katz, Heather Leutwyler
OBJECTIVE: Yoga may improve physical function and reduce disease symptoms in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, little is known about how patients with RA are practicing yoga in the community. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore community yoga practice characteristics and thoughts about yoga practice for adults with RA. DESIGN: Participants completed a semi-structured telephone interview with open-ended questions. Thematic analysis was used to analyze interview transcripts...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075090/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management
#4
Jennifer Wipperman, Kyle Goerl
Carpal tunnel syndrome, the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity, is caused by compression of the median nerve as it travels through the carpal tunnel. Classically, patients with the condition experience pain and paresthesias in the distribution of the median nerve, which includes the palmar aspect of the thumb, index and middle fingers, and radial half of the ring finger. Additional clues include positive physical examination findings, such as the flick sign, Phalen maneuver, and median nerve compression test...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072460/psychosocial-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#5
REVIEW
Rebecca A Abbott, Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This review supersedes the original Cochrane review first published in 2008 (Huertas-Ceballos 2008).Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. No organic cause for this pain can be found on physical examination or investigation for the majority of such children. Although many children are managed by reassurance and simple measures, a large range of psychosocial interventions involving cognitive and behavioural components have been recommended...
January 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064385/review-of-yoga-therapy-during-cancer-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Suzanne C Danhauer, Elizabeth L Addington, Stephanie J Sohl, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen
PURPOSE: Reviews of yoga research that distinguish results of trials conducted during (versus after) cancer treatment are needed to guide future research and clinical practice. We therefore conducted a review of non-randomized studies and randomized controlled trials of yoga interventions for children and adults undergoing treatment for any cancer type. METHODS: Studies were identified via research databases and reference lists. Inclusion criteria were the following: (1) children or adults undergoing cancer treatment, (2) intervention stated as yoga or component of yoga, and (3) publication in English in peer-reviewed journals through October 2015...
January 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063513/associations-between-yoga-meditation-use-body-satisfaction-and-weight-management-methods-results-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-8009-australian-women
#7
Romy Lauche, David Sibbritt, Thomas Ostermann, Nicholas R Fuller, Jon Adams, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVES: To analyze whether yoga or meditation use is associated with body (dis)satisfaction and weight control methods in Australian women. METHODS: Women ages 34 to 39 y from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were surveyed regarding body satisfaction, weight control behaviors, and yoga and meditation practice. Associations of body satisfaction and weight control methods with yoga/meditation practice were analyzed using chi-squared tests and multiple logistic regression modelling...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055821/prevalence-of-mindfulness-practices-in-the-us-workforce-national-health-interview-survey
#8
Diana Kachan, Henry Olano, Stacey L Tannenbaum, Debra W Annane, Ashwin Mehta, Kristopher L Arheart, Lora E Fleming, Xuan Yang, Laura A McClure, David J Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based practices can improve workers' health and reduce employers' costs by ameliorating the negative effect of stress on workers' health. We examined the prevalence of engagement in 4 mindfulness-based practices in the US workforce. METHODS: We used 2002, 2007, and 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for adults (aged ≥18 y, n = 85,004) to examine 12-month engagement in meditation, yoga, tai chi, and qigong among different groups of workers...
January 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053894/effect-of-yoga-program-on-executive-functions-of-adolescents-dwelling-in-an-orphan-home-a-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Satya Prakash Purohit, Balaram Pradhan
Executive function (EF) is important for physical and mental health of children. Studies have shown that children with poverty and early life stress have reduced EF. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of Yoga program on the EF of orphan adolescents. Seventy two apparently healthy orphan adolescents randomized and allocated into two groups as Yoga group (n = 40; 14 girls, age = 12.69 ± 1.35 yrs) and Wait List Control (WLC) group (n = 32, 13 girls, age = 12.58 ± 1.52 yrs). Yoga group underwent three months of Yoga program in a schedule of 90 min per day, four days per week whereas the WLC group followed the routine activities...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051319/effects-of-yoga-on-heart-rate-variability-and-depressive-symptoms-in-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
I-Hua Chu, Wen-Lan Wu, I-Mei Lin, Yu-Kai Chang, Yuh-Jen Lin, Pin-Chen Yang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week yoga program on heart rate variability (HRV) and depressive symptoms in depressed women. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial. Twenty-six sedentary women scoring ≥14 on the Beck Depression Inventory-II were randomized to either the yoga or the control group. The yoga group completed a 12-week yoga program, which took place twice a week for 60 min per session and consisted of breathing exercises, yoga pose practice, and supine meditation/relaxation...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050484/sleep-disorder-gastrointestinal-problems-and-behaviour-problems-seen-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-children-and-yoga-as-therapy-a-descriptive-review
#11
REVIEW
Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with deficiencies in many developmental milestones during the infantile childhood. Recent researches have shown that apart from behaviour problems, the ASD children also suffer from physiological conditions such as disturbed sleep and gastrointestinal problems that could be the contributing factors to their daytime behaviour problems. Lots of parents have expressed that, lack of sleep among the children have resulted in high levels of stress among the family members particularly among the immediate caretakers which are in most cases the mother of the child...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050422/yoga-practice-for-reducing-the-male-obesity-and-weight-related-psychological-difficulties-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
P B Rshikesan, Pailoor Subramanya, Ram Nidhi
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a health disorder and increasing all over the world. It is also a cause for many non-communicable diseases. Yoga practice reduces the stress level which may improve the eating habits and help in weight reduction. AIM: To assess the final outcome of the effects after 3 months of the 14 weeks yoga training on obesity of adult male in an urban setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial with parallel groups (Yoga and Control groups) on male obese...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045199/yoga-for-improving-health-related-quality-of-life-mental-health-and-cancer-related-symptoms-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Petra Klose, Silke Lange, Jost Langhorst, Gustav J Dobos
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the cancer most frequently diagnosed in women worldwide. Even though survival rates are continually increasing, breast cancer is often associated with long-term psychological distress, chronic pain, fatigue and impaired quality of life. Yoga comprises advice for an ethical lifestyle, spiritual practice, physical activity, breathing exercises and meditation. It is a complementary therapy that is commonly recommended for breast cancer-related impairments and has been shown to improve physical and mental health in people with different cancer types...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040996/yoga-past-and-present
#14
Ananda K Pandurangi, Matcheri S Keshavan, Venkatesh Ganapathy, Bengaluru N Gangadhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032077/the-effect-of-group-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-and-consciousness-yoga-program-on-quality-of-life-and-fatigue-severity-in-patients-with-ms
#15
Somayeh Nejati, Sepideh Rajezi Esfahani, Soheila Rahmani, Gita Afrookhteh, Shahrzad Hoveida
Introduction: The chronic nature of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), have can leave devastating effects on quality of life and fatigue. The present research aimed to study the effect of group Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and conscious yoga program on the quality of life and fatigue severity among patients with MS. Methods: This study was quasi-experimental with intervention and control groups. The statistical population included all members to MS Society of Tehran Province, 24 of whom diagnosed with MS were selected as the sample based on the inclusion criteria...
December 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031969/breathing-to-younger-skin-reversing-the-molecular-mechanism-of-skin-aging-with-yoga
#16
EDITORIAL
Kavita Beri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031958/life-as-an-early-career-researcher-interview-with-kavita-beri
#17
Kavita Beri
Kavita Beri speaks to Francesca Lake, Managing Editor. Kavita Beri is a board certified Internal Medicine physician in the United States, and is an active member of the American Society of Laser Medicine and Surgery. She is the medical director and owner of BE Skin & Laser Med Spa, an aesthetic medicine practice in NJ, USA. She holds a position as a Visiting Scientist at the Department of Biomaterials and Center for Dermal Research at Rutgers University (NJ, USA) and is an active staff member in the Department of Medicine at Jersey Shore University Medical Center (NJ, USA)...
June 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029354/-idem-depression-characteristics-and-evaluation-of-an-open-group-that-combines-psychoeducation-and-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#18
L Weiner, E Garcia-Krafes, S Garcia, C Berthomier, A Morali, J-Y Metzger, S Weibel, H Javelot, G Bertschy
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a highly prevalent mental illness that is associated with high rates of morbidity and functional impairment. At the psychiatric unit of the University Hospital of Strasbourg, France, we have developed an open group that combines psychoeducation and cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT), the information, discovery, exchange and mobilization for depression group (IDEM-depression). IDEM-depression is composed of 17 thematic, structured, and independent sessions, which address different aspects of depression (i...
October 28, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027042/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#19
Patricia Siegel, Melissa Tencza, Beverly Apodaca, Janet L Poole
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the efficacy of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. METHOD: We examined 51 Level I studies (19 physical activity, 32 psychoeducational) published 2000-2014 and identified from five databases. Interventions that focused solely on the upper or lower extremities were not included. RESULTS: Findings related to key outcomes (activities of daily living, ability, pain, fatigue, depression, self-efficacy, disease symptoms) are presented...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017954/-the-effect-of-exercise-and-sports-on-musculoskeletal-health-in-the-elderly
#20
Atsushi Harada
There is insufficient information on the effect of exercise and sports on musculoskeletal health in the elderly. Although the effects of sports are still unclear, the effects of exercise could be significant. For example, exercise improves osteoporosis by increasing bone mineral density and ameliorates sarcopenia by increasing muscle mass, muscular strength, and walking speed. As a result, fall risk is reduced and fracture risk is also likely to improve. Tai Chi is reportedly effective for joint pain and stiffness, and may improve symptoms of osteoarthritis...
2017: Clinical Calcium
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