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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538598/the-need-for-multidimensional-stratification-of-chronic-low-back-pain-lbp
#1
Yoga Raja Rampersaud, Andrew Bidos, Caroline Fanti, Anthony V Perruccio
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of Canadian LBP patients seeking primary care. OBJECTIVE: Determine which existing primary care LBP stratification schema is associated with distinct sub-populations as characterized by easily identifiable primary epidemiological factors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Low back pain (LBP) is among the most frequent reasons for visits to primary care physicians and a leading cause of years lived with disability...
May 22, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534211/associations-between-yoga-practice-and-joint-problems-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-9151-australian-women
#2
Romy Lauche, Dania Schumann, David Sibbritt, Jon Adams, Holger Cramer
Yoga exercises have been associated with joint problems recently, indicating that yoga practice might be potentially dangerous for joint health. This study aimed to analyse whether regular yoga practice is associated with the frequency of joint problems in upper middle-aged Australian women. Women aged 62-67 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) were questioned in 2013 whether they experienced regular joint pain or problems in the past 12 months and whether they regularly practiced yoga...
May 22, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532886/the-effects-of-tai-chi-on-physical-function-and-well-being-among-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#3
Klaudia J Ćwiękała-Lewis, Matthew Gallek, Ruth E Taylor-Piliae
Current medical treatments for Parkinson's disease (PD) are mainly palliative, though research indicates Tai Chi exercise improves physical function and well-being. An electronic database search of PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO and Embase was conducted, to examine current scientific literature for potential benefits of Tai Chi on physical function and well-being among persons with PD. A total of 11 studies met the inclusion criteria: 7 randomized clinical trials and 4 quasi-experimental studies...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530462/using-yoga-nidra-to-improve-stress-in-psychiatric-nurses-in-a-pilot-study
#4
Roberta Anderson, Kristine Mammen, Padmini Paul, Allisyn Pletch, Kathleen Pulia
Given today's hurried and stressful heathcare system, nurses need mechanisms to take care of themselves, promote their own wellness, and build resilience in managing sick patients. Yoga is one such mechanism; it can decrease anxiety and improve sleep and quality of life. In this pilot study, nine nurses participated in 6 weekly sessions of yoga nidra. Measures of sleep, stress, and muscle fatigue were obtained to determine whether yoga had a positive impact upon quality of life and stress. Although based on a small sample of nurses, results indicated positive findings for both perceived stress level and muscle fatigue...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#5
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527057/behavioral-therapy-emotion-and-pain-a-common-anatomical-background
#6
Lauren A-M Dahlke, Jeffrey J Sable, Frank Andrasik
Emotion and pain are closely intertwined in the brain, as the human experience of pain includes both affective and nociceptive components. Although each of these components relies on a different system in the brain, the two systems converge on the anterior cingulate and insular cortices, which interact with the prefrontal cortex and other frontal structures to influence behavior. Both emotional and physical pain elicit activity in these common areas, and conditions that affect one system (e.g., drugs, neural plasticity) may affect the function of the other-ultimately altering the experience of pain...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524358/kripalu-yoga-for-military-veterans-with-ptsd-a-randomized-trial
#7
Kristen M Reinhardt, Jessica J Noggle Taylor, Jennifer Johnston, Abida Zameer, Seetal Cheema, Sat Bir S Khalsa
OBJECTIVES: This randomized controlled trial of yoga for military veterans and active duty personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) evaluated the efficacy of a 10-week yoga intervention on PTSD. METHOD: Fifty-one participants were randomized into yoga or no-treatment assessment-only control groups. Primary outcome measures included questionnaires and the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale. RESULTS: Both yoga (n = 9) and control (n = 6) participants showed significant decreases in reexperiencing symptoms, with no significant between-group differences...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512119/complementary-and-integrative-medicine-in-the-management-of-headache
#8
REVIEW
Denise Millstine, Christina Y Chen, Brent Bauer
Headaches, including primary headaches such as migraine and tension-type headache, are a common clinical problem. Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM), formerly known as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), uses evidence informed modalities to assist in the health and healing of patients. CIM commonly includes the use of nutrition, movement practices, manual therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, and mind-body strategies. This review summarizes the literature on the use of CIM for primary headache and is based on five meta-analyses, seven systematic reviews, and 34 randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511484/efficacy-of-structured-yoga-intervention-for-sleep-gastrointestinal-and-behaviour-problems-of-asd-children-an-exploratory-study
#9
Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham
INTRODUCTION: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro developmental disorder which appears at early childhood age between 18 and 36 months. Apart from behaviour problems ASD children also suffer from sleep and Gastrointestinal (GI) problems. Major behaviour problems of ASD children are lack of social communication and interaction, less attention span, repetitive and restrictive behaviour, lack of eye to eye contact, aggressive and self-injurious behaviours, sensory integration problems, motor problems, deficiency in academic activities, anxiety and depression etc...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508879/oxidative-stress-and-male-infertility
#10
REVIEW
Shilpa Bisht, Muneeb Faiq, Madhuri Tolahunase, Rima Dada
DNA damage, largely owing to oxidative stress, is a leading cause of defective sperm function. High levels of oxidative stress result in damage to sperm DNA, RNA transcripts, and telomeres and, therefore might provide a common underlying aetiology of male infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, in addition to congenital malformations, complex neuropsychiatric disorders, and childhood cancers in children fathered by men with defective sperm cells. Spermatozoa are highly vulnerable to oxidative stress owing to limited levels of antioxidant defence and a single, limited DNA-damage detection and repair mechanism...
May 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506776/mindfulness-is-associated-with-treatment-response-from-non-pharmacological-exercise-interventions-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#11
Augustine C Lee, William F Harvey, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Jeffrey B Driban, John B Wong, Mei Chung, Timothy E McAlindon, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between baseline mindfulness and response from exercise interventions in knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Cohort Study; Responder analysis of a clinical trial subset SETTING: Urban tertiary care academic hospital PARTICIPANTS: 86 participants with symptomatic, radiographic knee OA (mean age, 60 years; 74% female; 48% white) INTERVENTIONS: 12 weeks (twice per week) of Tai Chi or Physical Therapy exercise MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Treatment response was defined using Osteoarthritis Research Society International criteria indicating meaningful improvements in the Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain, function, or Patient Global Assessment scores...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506118/effect-of-a-diet-enriched-with-fresh-coconut-saturated-fats-on-plasma-lipids-and-erythrocyte-fatty-acid-composition-in-normal-adults
#12
Rokkam Shankar Nagashree, N K Manjunath, M Indu, M Ramesh, V Venugopal, P Sreedhar, N Pavithra, Hongasandra R Nagendra
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the effects of increased saturated fatty acid (SFA) (provided by fresh coconut) versus monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) intake (provided by a combination of groundnuts and groundnut oil) on plasma lipids and erythrocyte fatty acid (EFA) composition in healthy adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-eight healthy volunteers, randomized into 2 groups, were provided standardized diet along with 100 g fresh coconut or groundnuts and groundnut oil combination for 90 days in a Yoga University...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501804/exercise-and-other-non-pharmaceutical-interventions-for-cancer-related-fatigue-in-patients-during-or-after-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-incorporating-an-indirect-comparisons-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Roger Hilfiker, Andre Meichtry, Manuela Eicher, Balfe Lina Nilsson, Ruud H Knols, Martin L Verra, Jan Taeymans
AIM: To assess the relative effects of different types of exercise and other non-pharmaceutical interventions on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in patients during and after cancer treatment. DESIGN: Systematic review and indirect-comparisons meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Articles were searched in PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL and published meta-analyses. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised studies published up to January 2017 evaluating different types of exercise or other non-pharmaceutical interventions to reduce CRF in any cancer type during or after treatment...
May 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501708/responsiveness-and-minimally-important-differences-for-four-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-short-forms-physical-function-pain-interference-depression-and-anxiety-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#14
Augustine C Lee, Jeffrey B Driban, Lori Lyn Price, William F Harvey, Angie Mae Rodday, Chenchen Wang
Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) instruments can provide valid, interpretable measures of health status among adults with osteoarthritis (OA). However, their ability to detect meaningful change over time is unknown. We evaluated the responsiveness and minimally important differences (MID) for 4 PROMIS Short Forms: Physical Function, Pain Interference, Depression, and Anxiety. We analyzed adults with symptomatic knee OA from our randomized trial comparing Tai Chi and physical therapy...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496356/evaluation-of-a-specialized-yoga-program-for-persons-with-a-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kathryn Curtis, Sander L Hitzig, Gitte Bechsgaard, Candice Stoliker, Charlene Alton, Nicole Saunders, Nicole Leong, Joel Katz
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of a specialized yoga program for individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI) on pain, psychological, and mindfulness variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants with SCI (n=23) were outpatients or community members affiliated with a rehabilitation hospital. Participants were randomized to an Iyengar yoga (IY; n=11) group or to a 6-week wait-list control (WLC; n=12) group...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494323/stress-regulation-in-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#16
REVIEW
Iliana Kotwas, Aileen McGonigal, Mireille Bastien-Toniazzo, Fabrice Bartolomei, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi
The prevalence of psychological distress, especially depressive and anxiety disorders, is higher in epilepsy than in other chronic health conditions. These comorbid conditions contribute even more than epileptic seizures themselves to impaired quality of life in patients with epilepsy (PWE). The link between these comorbidities and epilepsy appears to have a neurobiological basis, which is at least partly mediated by stress through psychological and pathophysiological pathways. The impact of stress in PWE is also particularly important because it is the most frequently reported seizure trigger...
May 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493227/-complementary-and-alternative-procedures-for-fibromyalgia-syndrome-updated-guidelines-2017-and-overview-of-systematic-review-articles
#17
J Langhorst, P Heldmann, P Henningsen, K Kopke, L Krumbein, H Lucius, A Winkelmann, B Wolf, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: The regular update of the guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome, AWMF number 145/004, was scheduled for April 2017. METHODS: The guidelines were developed by 13 scientific societies and 2 patient self-help organizations coordinated by the German Pain Society. Working groups (n =8) with a total of 42 members were formed balanced with respect to gender, medical expertise, position in the medical or scientific hierarchy and potential conflicts of interest...
May 10, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492346/yoga-communities-and-eating-disorders-creating-safe-space-for-positive-embodiment
#18
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Laura Lee Douglass
With adequate education and guidance, yoga communities, as part of the therapeutic landscape in the 21st century, can play a significant role promoting positive embodiment for those with, and at-risk for, eating disorders (EDs). To do this, yoga teachers need to know how to create a body-positive community and be able to recognize and respond to those at risk and struggling with EDs in their communities. In order to address yoga teaching methods associated with EDs and ED risk, broader conceptual approaches and specific practices associated with positive embodiment are offered...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491110/tai-chi-chuan-exercise-improves-pulmonary-function-and-decreases-exhaled-nitric-oxide-level-in-both-asthmatic-and-nonasthmatic-children-and-improves-quality-of-life-in-children-with-asthma
#19
Hsin-Chia Lin, Hao-Pai Lin, Hsin-Hui Yu, Li-Chieh Wang, Jyh-Hong Lee, Yu-Tsan Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Pei-Yi Li, Wei-Zen Sun, Bor-Luen Chiang
Tai-Chi-Chuan (TCC) is an exercise of low-to-moderate intensity which is suitable for asthmatic patients. The aim of our study is to investigate improvements of the lung function, airway inflammation, and quality of life of asthmatic children after TCC. Participants included sixty-one elementary school students and they were divided into asthmatic (n = 29) and nonasthmatic (n = 32) groups by the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Among them, 20 asthmatic and 18 nonasthmatic children volunteered to participate in a 60-minute TCC exercise weekly for 12 weeks...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489508/tai-chi-chih-compared-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-insomnia-in-survivors-of-breast-cancer-a-randomized-partially-blinded-noninferiority-trial
#20
Michael R Irwin, Richard Olmstead, Carmen Carrillo, Nina Sadeghi, Perry Nicassio, Patricia A Ganz, Julienne E Bower
Purpose Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) and Tai Chi Chih (TCC), a movement meditation, improve insomnia symptoms. Here, we evaluated whether TCC is noninferior to CBT-I for the treatment of insomnia in survivors of breast cancer. Patients and Methods This was a randomized, partially blinded, noninferiority trial that involved survivors of breast cancer with insomnia who were recruited from the Los Angeles community from April 2008 to July 2012. After a 2-month phase-in period with repeated baseline assessment, participants were randomly assigned to 3 months of CBT-I or TCC and evaluated at months 2, 3 (post-treatment), 6, and 15 (follow-up)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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