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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198753/mechanical-ventilation-weaning-practices-and-decision-making-in-european-picus
#1
Lyvonne N Tume, Martin C J Kneyber, Bronagh Blackwood, Louise Rose
OBJECTIVES: This survey had three key objectives: 1) To describe responsibility for key ventilation and weaning decisions in European PICUs and explore variations across Europe; 2) To describe the use of protocols, spontaneous breathing trials, noninvasive ventilation, high-flow nasal cannula use, and automated weaning systems; and 3) To describe nurse-to-patient staffing ratios and perceived nursing autonomy and influence over ventilation decision making. DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey...
February 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196578/establishing-a-measurement-tool-for-a-nursing-work-environment-in-taiwan
#2
Li-Chiu Lin, Huan-Fang Lee, Miaofen Yen
AIM: The nursing work environment is a critical global health care problem. Many health care providers are concerned about the associations between the nursing work environment and the outcomes of organizations, nurses, and patients. Nursing work environment instruments have been assessed in the West but have not been considered in Asia. However, different cultures will affect the factorial structure of the tool. Using a stratified nationwide random sample, we created a measurement tool for the nursing work environment in Taiwan...
February 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152927/reducing-wait-time-wt-in-the-infusion-center-ic
#3
Lianne Lopez, Angela Aschian, Betty Chan, Martha Inofuentes, Zoraida Truax, Sally Golingay, Gwendoyn Lynch, Peggy Matsuura, Afsaneh Barzi
: 249 Background: Lengthy WT is the primary source of dis-satisfaction with IC services. We created a patient (PT) flow diagram outlining each step beginning from PT check-in to discharge and plotted the impact of multiple disciplines on the WT. A team of nurses, pharmacists, physicians, and administrators, analyzed the flow and identified ways to improve efficiencies. METHODS: First attempt was to improve communications between pharmacy and nursing, coordinating the preparation of medications with patient's check-in time; use of a simple clipboard facilitated this task and improved the efficiency of the system...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152699/development-of-an-infusion-nurse-staffing-model-for-outpatient-chemotherapy-centers
#4
(no author information available yet)
: 103 Background: Nursing roles and responsibilities within ambulatory oncology infusion suites across our health system are not clearly defined and it is not understood what the appropriate staffing ratio should be per site. It is not clear if employees are working to the highest level of their licensure or skill, and if the appropriate activities are performed by the correct department. A standard staffing model to provide efficiency of clinical services and patient safety does not exist, and nursing roles are variable between the sites...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132634/staffing-levels
#5
(no author information available yet)
The Nurse Staffing Levels (Wales) Act, which received Royal Assent on 21 March 2016, places an overarching duty on local health boards (LHBs) and other care providers in Wales to ensure that nurses have time to care for patients.
January 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127771/nurse-related-clinical-nonlicensed-personnel-in-u-s-hospitals-and-their-relationship-with-nurse-staffing-levels
#6
Suhui Li, Patricia Pittman, Xinxin Han, Timothy John Lowe
OBJECTIVE: This study examines nurse-related clinical nonlicensed personnel (CNLP) in U.S. hospitals between 2010 and 2014, including job categories, trends in staffing levels, and the possible relationship of substitution between this group of workers and registered nurses (RNs) and/or licensed practical nurses (LPNs). DATA SOURCE: We used 5 years of data (2010-2014) from an operational database maintained by Premier, Inc. that tracks labor hours, hospital units, and facility characteristics...
February 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125473/proposed-regulations-for-long-term-care-omit-nurse-staffing-mandates
#7
Dalia Sofer
Setting staffing ratios would be 'challenging,' says the CMS.
February 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120677/hca-stand-ins-plug-nurse-staffing-gap
#8
(no author information available yet)
Hospitals are running wards with a dangerously low number of nurses and are using healthcare assistants as 'stand-ins', an investigation suggests.
January 25, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103856/relationship-between-the-presence-of-baccalaureate-educated-rns-and-quality-of-care-a-cross-sectional-study-in-dutch-long-term-care-facilities
#9
Ramona Backhaus, Erik van Rossum, Hilde Verbeek, Ruud J G Halfens, Frans E S Tan, Elizabeth Capezuti, Jan P H Hamers
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that an increase in baccalaureate-educated registered nurses (BRNs) leads to better quality of care in hospitals. For geriatric long-term care facilities such as nursing homes, this relationship is less clear. Most studies assessing the relationship between nurse staffing and quality of care in long-term care facilities are US-based, and only a few have focused on the unique contribution of registered nurses. In this study, we focus on BRNs, as they are expected to serve as role models and change agents, while little is known about their unique contribution to quality of care in long-term care facilities...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094649/guidance-on-safe-staffing-shies-away-from-set-ratio
#10
Chris Longhurst
The head of the Safe Staffing Alliance has said new draft guidance on nurse staffing on acute adult inpatient wards in England 'does not go far enough'.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057315/nurse-staffing-and-30-day-readmission-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-a-10-year-retrospective-study-of-patient-hospitalization
#11
Seung Ju Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Kyu-Tae Han, Sun Jung Kim, Tae Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity in many countries, and it has high rate of hospital readmissions due to recurrent exacerbations of the disease. Many previous studies have suggested further examination of the factors that contribute to hospital readmissions of COPD patients. However, evidence on the effects of nurse staffing by registered nurses (RNs) on the readmission of COPD patients is lacking in Korea. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of nurse staffing on hospital readmissions of COPD patients...
December 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986733/mining-routinely-collected-acute-data-to-reveal-non-linear-relationships-between-nurse-staffing-levels-and-outcomes
#12
Alison Leary, Rob Cook, Sarahjane Jones, Judith Smith, Malcolm Gough, Elaine Maxwell, Geoffrey Punshon, Mark Radford
OBJECTIVES: Nursing is a safety critical activity but not easily quantified. This makes the building of predictive staffing models a challenge. The aim of this study was to determine if relationships between registered and non-registered nurse staffing levels and clinical outcomes could be discovered through the mining of routinely collected clinical data. The secondary aim was to examine the feasibility and develop the use of 'big data' techniques commonly used in industry for this area of healthcare and examine future uses...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977565/emergency-department-weekend-presentation-and-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#13
Pamela B de Cordova, Mary L Johansen, Miguel E Martinez, Jeannie P Cimiotti
BACKGROUND: Patients admitted to acute care hospitals on weekends have poorer outcomes than those admitted on weekdays, and patients admitted to hospitals for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) on weekends have a higher mortality rate than those admitted during the week. Very few studies have examined weekend presentation for patients with AMI with respect to mortality in the emergency department (ED). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to determine if weekend and holiday presentation is associated with increased mortality in EDs among patients with AMI in New Jersey...
January 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966291/estimated-time-to-complete-direct-nursing-interventions-using-the-nursing-interventions-classification-nic-at-eight-hospitals-in-south-korea
#14
Eunjoo Lee, Hyejin Park
BACKGROUND: Without data on the average time for performing nursing interventions, it is not possible to identify the cost-effective nursing practices, nurse staffing levels, and skill mix that are associated with improved patient outcomes, nor can reimbursement rates be accurately determined. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the time needed to perform direct nursing interventions in Korea using the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) system, and then compare the findings with time estimates made by U...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933637/association-of-temporal-variations-in-staffing-with-hospital-acquired-pressure-injury-in-military-hospitals
#15
Patricia A Patrician, Mary S McCarthy, Pauline Swiger, Dheeraj Raju, Sara Breckenridge-Sproat, Xiaogang Su, Kelly H Randall, Lori A Loan
To more precisely evaluate the effects of nurse staffing on hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) development, data on nursing care hours per patient day (NCHPPD), nursing skill mix, patient turnover (i.e., admissions, transfers, and discharges), and patient acuity were merged with patient information from pressure injury prevalence surveys that were collected annually for the Military Nursing Outcomes Database (MilNOD) project. The MilNOD included staffing and adverse events from 56 medical-surgical, stepdown, and critical care units in 13 military hospitals over a 4-year-period...
December 9, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924674/work-load-and-management-in-the-delivery-room-changing-the-direction-of-healthcare-policy
#16
Gianfranco Sfregola, Antonio Simone Laganà, Roberta Granese, Pamela Sfregola, Angela Lopinto, Onofrio Triolo
Nurse staffing, increased workload and unstable nursing unit environments are linked to negative patient outcomes including falls and medication errors on medical/surgical units. Considering this evidence, the aim of our study was to overview midwives' workload and work setting. We created a questionnaire and performed an online survey. We obtained information about the type and level of hospital, workload, the use of standardised procedures, reporting of sentinel and 'near-miss' events. We reported a severe understaffing in midwives' work settings and important underuse of standard protocols according to the international guidelines, especially in the South of Italy...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879502/labor-nurses-views-of-their-influence-on-cesarean-birth
#17
Kathleen Rice Simpson, Audrey Lyndon
BACKGROUND: As part of an ongoing study about nurse staffing during labor and birth sponsored by the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN), the researchers considered outcomes that may be linked to aspects of labor nursing. The purpose of this study was to see if labor nurses felt they influenced whether a woman has a cesarean birth. These data were used to determine if cesarean birth should be included as an outcome measure in the multistate labor nurse staffing study...
November 22, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873193/childcare-and-school-management-issues-in-food-allergy
#18
REVIEW
Angela Tsuang, Julie Wang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to characterize food allergy management and anaphylaxis in schools and assess current policies and level of preparedness of schools to recognize and treat anaphylaxis. RECENT FINDINGS: An increasing number of school-aged children have food allergies, and studies show that a significant number of school children with no known history of allergies will experience their first anaphylactic reaction at school. Stock-unassigned epinephrine auto-injectors are recommended in schools but not mandatory in most states, and therefore, epinephrine is not always available...
November 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854423/why-causal-inference-matters-to-nurses-the-case-of-nurse-staffing-and-patient-outcomes
#19
Deena Kelly Costa, Olga Yakusheva
Since the early 1990s researchers have steadily built a broad evidence base for the association between nurse staffing and patient outcomes. However, the majority of the studies in the literature employ designs that are unable to robustly examine causal pathways to meaningful improvement in patient outcomes. A focus on causal inference is essential to moving the field of nursing research forward, and as part of the essential skill-set for all nurses as consumers of research. In this article, we aim to describe the importance of causal inference in nursing research and discuss study designs that are more likely to produce causal findings...
May 31, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794712/district-nurses-deserve-better-support-to-ensure-safe-care
#20
(no author information available yet)
Campaigns for safe nurse staffing levels have focused invariably on our hospitals, where the absence of sufficient suitably qualified nursing staff is often easy to identify. However, the problem is just as prevalent in the community, where patients and other service users are suffering because district nurses and those in similar roles are overstretched.
September 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
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