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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813635/standardization-and-scaling-of-a-community-based-palliative-care-model
#1
Janet Bull, Arif H Kamal, Matthew Harker, Donald H Taylor, Lindsay Bonsignore, John Morris, Lisa Massie, Parampal Singh Bhullar, Mary Howell, Mark Hendrix, Deeana Bennett, Amy Abernethy
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the descriptions of Community-Based Palliative Care (CBPC) demonstrates variability in team structures, eligibility, and standardization across care settings. OBJECTIVE: In 2014, Four Seasons Compassion for Life, a nonprofit hospice and palliative care (PC) organization in Western North Carolina (WNC), was awarded a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Health Care Innovation (CMMI) Award to expand upon their existing innovative model to implement, evaluate, and demonstrate CBPC in the United States...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813363/psychosocial-factors-and-sport-injuries-prediction-prevention-and-future-research-directions
#2
REVIEW
Urban Johnson, Andreas Ivarsson
This review provides an overview of recent theoretical and empirical developments regarding psychosocial factors related to the prediction and prevention of sport injuries, and highlights some of the most interesting areas of investigation that have been carried out in the past few years. For instance, a systematic review of the most cited and used theoretical framework in the field has recently been performed, which supports the model's suggestion that psychosocial variables, as well as psychologically based interventions, can influence injury risk among athletes...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813278/editorial-overview-multidisciplinary-and-interdisciplinary-perspectives-on-parenting
#3
EDITORIAL
Marinus H Van IJzendoorn, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812928/health-education-careers-in-a-post-health-reform-era
#4
M Elaine Auld
Since enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2010, health education specialists (HES) have made important contributions in implementing the law's provisions at the individual, family, and population levels. Using their health education competencies and subcompetencies, HES are improving public understanding of health insurance literacy and enrollment options, conducting community health needs assessments required of nonprofit hospitals, modifying policies or systems to improve access to health screenings and preventive health services, strengthening clinical and community linkages, and working with employee benefit plans...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812802/diplomacy-and-health-the-end-of-the-utilitarian-era
#5
Sebastian Kevany, Marcus Matthews
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA), as a system of allocative efficiency for global health programs, is an influential criterion for resource allocation in the context of diplomacy and inherent foreign policy decisions therein. This is because such programs have diplomatic benefits and costs that can be uploaded from the recipient and affect the broader foreign policy interests of the donor and the diplomacy landscape between both parties. These diplomatic implications are vital to the long-term success of both the immediate program and any subsequent programs; hence it is important to articulate them alongside program performance, in terms of how well their interrelated interventions were perceived by the communities served...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812127/-uveitis-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#6
I Foeldvari, K Walscheid, A Heiligenhaus
BACKGROUND: Uveitis is the most common extra-articular manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). It occurs, according to German registry data, in around 12% of JIA patients and can lead to a loss of vision, especially in cases of delayed diagnosis and/or inadequate therapy. OBJECTIVE: A review of current aspects of diagnosis and therapy was carried out. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a review article of the current literature. RESULTS: The risk of uveitis is significantly elevated in patients with an oligoarticular course of JIA, ANA positivity and young age at onset of JIA...
August 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812123/-promoting-a%C3%A2-balanced-diet-and-physical-activity-among-children-conditions-for-the-successful-implementation-and-maintenance-of-multi-level-interventions-and-policies-results-of-two-qualitative-case-studies
#7
Berit Steenbock, Saskia Muellmann, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: To date, conditions for successfully implementing and maintaining multi-level interventions and policies for the promotion of a balanced diet and physical activity are not well understood from the perspective of stakeholders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to examine which factors are regarded as facilitating or impeding introduction, implementation and maintenance of multi-level interventions and policies from the standpoint of stakeholders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews with stakeholders of one multi-level intervention (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS [IDEFICS] for the prevention of childhood obesity, n = 4) and one policy (Federal state offices coordinating networks for the provision of healthy food options in schools, n = 3) were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812122/-how-does-knowledge-reach-health-care-practice-implementation-research-and-knowledge-circulation
#8
REVIEW
Horst Christian Vollmar, Sara Santos, Anneke de Jong, Gabriele Meyer, Stefan Wilm
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based knowledge is among the most important resources in health care. However, relevant knowledge is often not implemented. There are about 100 different concepts for the "knowledge-to-practice gap". OBJECTIVES: We conducted this review to identify relevant concepts that describe and try to overcome this situation: implementation research and knowledge translation or circulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We initially conducted a systematic search in the databases CINAHL, Embase, ERIC, Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Web of Science without time or language restrictions...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811512/projected-climate-change-impacts-in-rainfall-erosivity-over-brazil
#9
André Almagro, Paulo Tarso S Oliveira, Mark A Nearing, Stefan Hagemann
The impacts of climate change on soil erosion may bring serious economic, social and environmental problems. However, few studies have investigated these impacts on continental scales. Here we assessed the influence of climate change on rainfall erosivity across Brazil. We used observed rainfall data and downscaled climate model output based on Hadley Center Global Environment Model version 2 (HadGEM2-ES) and Model for Interdisciplinary Research On Climate version 5 (MIROC5), forced by Representative Concentration Pathway 4...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811151/proposed-model-for-translational-research-at-a-teaching-intensive-college-of-pharmacy
#10
Erin Ulrich, Sarah Grady, Jacqueline Vonderhaar, Andrew Ruplin
BACKGROUND: Many American colleges of pharmacy are small, private, teaching institutions. Faculty are required to maintain a research agenda, although the publication quota is less compared with their publicly funded college of pharmacy peers. Faculty at these smaller schools conduct research with very little internal or external funding. This tends to lead to smaller, less impactful research findings. Translational research is becoming popular for research faculty as it bridges theory to practice...
August 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810280/-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-in-the-perioperative-period-to%C3%A2-continue-or-discontinue-treatment
#11
Jürgen Koscielny, Christian von Heymann, Uwe Zeymer, Jochen Cremer, Michael Spannagl, Joachim Labenz, Evangelos Giannitsis, Franz Goss
Background For secondary prevention of acute coronary syndrome, guidelines recommend dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with acetylsalicylic acid and a P2Y12 receptor antagonist such as clopidogrel, prasugrel or ticagrelor for a period of 12 months. Often, uncertainty exists with respect to surgical or diagnostic procedures in these high-risk patients: can the DAPT be continued without interruption? If not, what is the recommended withdrawal strategy? What should be considered for the perioperative management? Methods An interdisciplinary group of experienced experts in the fields of cardiology, cardiac surgery, gastroenterology, anaesthesiology, intensive care and haemostaseology developed recommendations relevant to daily clinical practice based on the current scientific evidence...
August 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809870/-case-report-iatrogenic-shoulder-pain-syndrome-following-spinal-accessory-nerve-injury-during-lateral-cervical-neck-dissection-for-tongue-cancer-the-role-of-rehabilitation-and-ethical-deontological-issues
#12
Gianpaolo Ronconi, Antonio Gioacchino Spagnolo, Giorgio Ferriero, Silvia Giovannini, Eugenia Amabile, Giulio Maccauro, Paola Emilia Ferrara
The shoulder pain syndrome is the most frequent complication of lateral cervical neck dissection and may be caused by iatrogenic injury to the spinal accessory nerve, causing pain and functional limitation of the upper limb and of the cervical spine. Interdisciplinary collaboration and early rehabilitation can reduce the consequences of disability and the possible issues that can arise due to inadequate management of the problem.
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809190/design-thinking-for-mhealth-application-co-design-to-support-heart-failure-self-management
#13
Leanna Woods, Elizabeth Cummings, Jed Duff, Kim Walker
Heart failure is a prevalent, progressive chronic disease costing in excess of $1billion per year in Australia alone. Disease self-management has positive implications for the patient and decreases healthcare usage. However, adherence to recommended guidelines is challenging and existing literature reports sub-optimal adherence. mHealth applications in chronic disease education have the potential to facilitate patient enablement for disease self-management. To the best of our knowledge no heart failure self-management application is available for safe use by our patients...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809182/developing-an-assessment-tool-for-enhancing-interprofessional-education-of-patient-safety
#14
Yang Gong
The increasing recognition of the value of effective interprofessional collaboration has promoted interprofessional education (IPE) among healthcare professionals. The IPE pilot program initiative at UTHealth matriculated students from the disciplines of biomedical informatics, biomedical sciences, dentistry, medicine, nursing and public health. There has been a pressing need for developing an assessment tool in reflecting how IPE participants recognize and understand the other disciplines including clinical informatics in nowadays' practice...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809176/potential-of-decision-support-in-preventing-pressure-ulcers-in-hospitals
#15
Ju Wang, Yang Gong
The development of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers signals low quality of care. Despite the established guidelines and best practices on pressure ulcer prevention, the incidence of pressure ulcers in hospital remains high. To meet the challenges of consistently translating best practices into effective clinical practices and promote effective teamwork communication and interprofessional collaboration, we consider the failure of consistent care delivery as loss of information and reveal the opportunities of informatics methods to reinforce information delivery, evidenced by typical cases...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809006/exploring-protein-protein-interactions-as-drug-targets-for-anti-cancer-therapy-with-in-silico-workflows
#16
Alexander Goncearenco, Minghui Li, Franco L Simonetti, Benjamin A Shoemaker, Anna R Panchenko
We describe a computational protocol to aid the design of small molecule and peptide drugs that target protein-protein interactions, particularly for anti-cancer therapy. To achieve this goal, we explore multiple strategies, including finding binding hot spots, incorporating chemical similarity and bioactivity data, and sampling similar binding sites from homologous protein complexes. We demonstrate how to combine existing interdisciplinary resources with examples of semi-automated workflows. Finally, we discuss several major problems, including the occurrence of drug-resistant mutations, drug promiscuity, and the design of dual-effect inhibitors...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808426/organisational-and-environmental-characteristics-of-residential-aged-care-units-providing-highly-person-centred-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Karin Sjögren, Marie Lindkvist, Per-Olof Sandman, Karin Zingmark, David Edvardsson
BACKGROUND: Few studies have empirically investigated factors that define residential aged care units that are perceived as being highly person-centred. The purpose of this study was to explore factors characterising residential aged care units perceived as being highly person-centred, with a focus on organisational and environmental variables, as well as residents' and staff' characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Residents (n = 1460) and staff (n = 1213) data from 151 residential care units were collected, as well as data relating to characteristics of the organisation and environment, and data measuring degree of person-centred care...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807953/developing-family-practice-to-respond-to-global-health-challenges-the-besrour-papers-a-series-on-the-state-of-family-medicine-in-the-world
#18
REVIEW
Neil Arya, Bruce Dahlman, Christine Gibson, David Ponka, Cynthia Haq, Katherine Rouleau, Stephanie Hansel
OBJECTIVE: To assess family medicine's role in developing strong, coordinated, community-based, integrated health care systems in low-resource settings globally. COMPOSITION OF THE COMMITTEE: A subgroup of the Besrour Centre of the College of Family Physicians of Canada developed connections with selected international colleagues with expertise in international family medicine practice, health systems and capacity building, and teaching to map family medicine globally and give a bird's eye view of family medicine internationally...
August 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807702/factors-associated-with-use-of-u-s-community-based-palliative-care-for-children-with-life-limiting-or-life-threatening-illnesses-and-their-families-an-integrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Jackelyn Y Boyden, Martha A Q Curley, Janet A Deatrick, Mary Ersek
CONTEXT: As children with life-limiting and life-threatening illnesses live longer, challenges to meeting their complex health care needs arise in homes and communities, as well as in hospitals. Integrated knowledge regarding community-based pediatric palliative care (CBPPC) is needed to strategically plan for a seamless continuum of care for children and their families. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative review paper is to explore factors that are associated with the use of CBPPC for U...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807628/vertebral-alveolar-echinococcosis-a-case-report-systematic-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Thomas Raphael Meinel, Bruno Gottstein, Vanessa Geib, Marius Johann Keel, Ruggero Biral, Markus Mohaupt, Jan Brügger
Alveolar echinococcosis caused by Echinococcus multilocularis is an infrequent zoonosis with a high degree of disability, morbidity, and mortality, especially in disease clusters of the northern hemisphere. The diagnosis is complicated by extended incubation time, diverse clinical manifestations, and mimicking of differential diagnoses. The primary organ affected is the liver, but extrahepatic disease is possible, with vertebral involvement in only a few dozen cases described worldwide. Although vertebral alveolar echinococcosis seems to be rare, it might be under diagnosed, and it might be seen more often as the number of people with immunocompromised conditions increases...
August 11, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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