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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723811/the-afya-bora-fellowship-an-innovative-program-focused-on-creating-an-interprofessional-network-of-leaders-in-global-health
#1
Wendy M Green, Carey Farquhar, Yohana Mashalla
PROBLEM: Most current health professions education programs are focused on the development of clinical skills. As a result, they may not address the complex and interconnected nature of global health. Trainees require relevant clinical, programmatic, and leadership skills to meet the challenges of practicing in an increasingly globalized environment. APPROACH: To develop health care leaders within sub-Saharan Africa, the Afya Bora Consortium developed a one-year fellowship for medical doctors and nurses...
July 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723316/when-green-and-red-mycology-meet-impressions-from-an-interdisciplinary-forum-on-virulence-mechanisms-of-phyto-and-human-pathogenic-fungi
#2
Yidong Yu, Bernhard Hube, Jörg Kämper, Vera Meyer, Sven Krappmann
Fungal infections pose a constant threat to plants and humans, but detailed knowledge about pathogenesis, immunity, or virulence is rather scarce. Due to the fact that a certain overlap in the armoury of infection exists between plant- and human-pathogenic fungi, an interdisciplinary forum was held in October 2016 at the Institute for Clinical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene in Erlangen under the organisational umbrella from two special interest groups of German microbial societies. Scientific exchange and intense discussion of this timely topic was fostered by bringing together renowned experts in their respective fields to present their thoughts and recent findings in the course of a plenary lecture and six themed sessions, accompanied by oral and poster contributions of young researchers...
July 19, 2017: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722599/assessment-of-fecal-exposure-pathways-in-low-income-urban-neighborhoods-in-accra-ghana-rationale-design-methods-and-key-findings-of-the-sanipath-study
#3
Katharine Robb, Clair Null, Peter Teunis, Habib Yakubu, George Armah, Christine L Moe
Rapid urbanization has contributed to an urban sanitation crisis in low-income countries. Residents in low-income, urban neighborhoods often have poor sanitation infrastructure and services and may experience frequent exposure to fecal contamination through a range of pathways. There are little data to prioritize strategies to decrease exposure to fecal contamination in these complex and highly contaminated environments, and public health priorities are rarely considered when planning urban sanitation investments...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722562/centers-of-excellence-in-healthcare-institutions-what-they-are-and-how-to-assemble-them
#4
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: Centers of excellence-specialized programs within healthcare institutions which supply exceptionally high concentrations of expertise and related resources centered on particular medical areas and delivered in a comprehensive, interdisciplinary fashion-afford many advantages for healthcare providers and the populations they serve. To achieve full value from centers of excellence, proper assembly is an absolute necessity, but guidance is somewhat limited. This effectively forces healthcare providers to pursue establishment largely via trial-and-error, diminishing opportunities for success...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722559/free-versus-subsidised-healthcare-options-for-fee-exemptions-access-to-care-for-vulnerable-groups-and-effects-on-the-health-system-in-burkina-faso
#5
Maurice Yaogo
BACKGROUND: The many forms of healthcare fee exemptions implemented in Burkina Faso since the 2000s have varied between total exemption (free) and cost subsidisation. This article examines both options, their contextual variations and the ways in which they affect access to healthcare for vulnerable people as well as the operation of the health system. This research is part of an interdisciplinary regional program on the elimination of user fees for health services in West Africa (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger)...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721965/the-rise-of-global-health-diplomacy-an-interdisciplinary-concept-linking-health-and-international-relations
#6
Vijay Kumar Chattu
Global health diplomacy (GHD) is relatively a very new field that has yet to be clearly defined and developed though there are various definitions given by different experts from foreign policy, global health, diplomacy, international relations, governance, and law. With the intensification of globalization and increasing gaps between countries, new and reemerging health threats such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Ebola, and Zika and a gradual rethinking on security concepts framed a new political context...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721113/telehealth-and-ehealth-in-nurse-practitioner-training-current-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Carolyn M Rutledge, Karen Kott, Patty A Schweickert, Rebecca Poston, Christianne Fowler, Tina S Haney
Telehealth is becoming a vital process for providing access to cost-effective quality care to patients at a distance. As such, it is important for nurse practitioners, often the primary providers for rural and disadvantaged populations, to develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to utilize telehealth technologies in practice. In reviewing the literature, very little information was found on programs that addressed nurse practitioner training in telehealth. This article provides an overview of both the topics and the techniques that have been utilized for training nurse practitioners and nurse practitioner students in the delivery of care utilizing telehealth...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720924/overview-of-faculty-development-programs-for-interprofessional-education
#8
REVIEW
Anna Ratka, Joseph A Zorek, Susan M Meyer
Objectives. To describe characteristics of faculty development programs designed to facilitate interprofessional education, and to compile recommendations for development, delivery, and assessment of such faculty development programs. Methods. MEDLINE, CINAHL, ERIC, and Web of Science databases were searched using three keywords: faculty development, interprofessional education, and health professions. Articles meeting inclusion criteria were analyzed for emergent themes, including program design, delivery, participants, resources, and assessment...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720922/transformation-of-an-online-multidisciplinary-course-into-a-live-interprofessional-experience
#9
Carrie Sincak, James Gunn, Christine Conroy, Kathy Komperda, Kevin Van Kanegan, Nathaniel Krumdick, Michelle Lee, Preetha Kanjirath, Kelly Lempicki, Kurt Heinking, Jacqueline Spiegel
Objective. To design, implement, and assess an interprofessional education (IPE) course in the first professional year of students enrolled in eight different health professions programs. Design. An interprofessional faculty committee created a 1-credit hour required IPE course to not only teach students about the roles and responsibilities of each discipline and how they may contribute to an interprofessional team, but to also improve collaboration and team-based communication skills among health care professions students...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720919/delivering-tobacco-cessation-content-in-the-middle-east-through-interprofessional-learning
#10
Alla El-Awaisi, Ahmed Awaisu, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Bayan Alemrayat, Ghadir Al-Jayyousi, Norman Wong, Mohamud A Verjee
Objective. To explore the attitudes of pharmacy, pharmacy technician, medical, and public health students before and after an IPE activity that focused on smoking cessation in the Middle East. Methods. A pre-post intervention research design using the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was used for this study. The tool contained 20 items, categorized under the following subscales: teamwork and collaboration, professional identity, and patient-centeredness. Results. A total of 47 out of 50 students from four different health disciplines in Qatar (medicine, pharmacy, pharmacy technician, and public health) who participated in the activity completed a pre- and post-intervention pre-validated questionnaire (94% response rate)...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720912/professional-stereotypes-of-interprofessional-education-naive-pharmacy-and-nursing-students
#11
Maria Miller Thurston, Melissa M Chesson, Elaine C Harris, Gina J Ryan
Objective. To assess and compare interprofessional education (IPE) naive pharmacy and nursing student stereotypes prior to completion of an IPE activity. Methods. Three hundred and twenty-three pharmacy students and 275 nursing students at Mercer University completed the Student Stereotypes Rating Questionnaire. Responses from pharmacy and nursing students were compared, and responses from different level learners within the same profession also were compared. Results. Three hundred and fifty-six (59.5%) students completed the survey...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720725/optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-patients-with-coronary-stent-thrombosis-a-report-of-the-prevention-of-late-stent-thrombosis-by-an-interdisciplinary-global-european-effort-prestige-consortium
#12
Tom Adriaenssens, Michael Joner, Thea Godschalk, Nikesh Malik, Fernando Alfonso, Erion Xhepa, Dries De Cock, Kenichi Komukai, Tomohisa Tada, Javier Cuesta, Vasile Sirbu, Laurent J Feldman, Franz-Josef Neumann, Alison H Goodall, Ton Heestermans, Ian Buysschaert, Ota Hlinomaz, Ann Belmans, Walter Desmet, Jurrien M Ten Berg, Anthony H Gershlick, Steffen Massberg, Adnan Kastrati, Giulio Guagliumi, Robert Byrne
Background -Stent thrombosis (ST) is a serious complication following coronary stenting. Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) may provide insights into mechanistic processes leading to ST. We performed a prospective, multicenter study to evaluate OCT findings in patients with ST. Methods -Consecutive patients presenting with ST were prospectively enrolled in a registry using a centralized telephone registration system. After angiographic confirmation of ST, OCT imaging of the culprit vessel was performed with frequency domain OCT...
July 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720630/primary-care-physician-roles-in-health-centers-with-oral-health-care-units
#13
Hannah L Maxey, Connor W Norwood, Donald L Weaver
INTRODUCTION: Integrating oral health care and primary care is a priority for improving population health. Primary care physicians (PCP) are filling expanded roles within oral health care to secure strong overall health for their patients. METHODS: This comparative case study examines the roles of PCPs at 5 federally qualified health centers that have integrated oral health care and primary care. Administrative data were obtained directly from the Health Resources and Services Administration...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720612/translating-staff-experience-into-organisational-improvement-the-heads-up-stepped-wedge-cluster-controlled-non-randomised-trial
#14
Samuel Pannick, Thanos Athanasiou, Susannah J Long, Iain Beveridge, Nick Sevdalis
OBJECTIVES: Frontline insights into care delivery correlate with patients' clinical outcomes. These outcomes might be improved through near-real time identification and mitigation of staff concerns. We evaluated the effects of a prospective frontline surveillance system on patient and team outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective, stepped wedge, non-randomised, cluster controlled trial; prespecified per protocol analysis for high-fidelity intervention delivery. PARTICIPANTS: Seven interdisciplinary medical ward teams from two hospitals in the UK...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720207/thrombotic-microangiopathy-a-multidisciplinary-team%C3%A2-approach
#15
Craig E Gordon, Vipul C Chitalia, J Mark Sloan, David J Salant, David L Coleman, Karen Quillen, Katya Ravid, Jean M Francis
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is characterized by the presence of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia along with organ dysfunction, and pathologically, by the presence of microthrombi in multiple microvascular beds. Delays in diagnosis and initiation of therapy are common due to the low incidence, variable presentation, and poor awareness of these diseases, underscoring the need for interdisciplinary approaches to clinical care for TMA. We describe a new approach to improve clinical management via a TMA team that originally stemmed from an Affinity Research Collaborative team focused on thrombosis and hemostasis...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719479/a-simulation-based-quality-improvement-initiative-improves-pediatric-readiness-in-community-hospitals
#16
Travis Whitfill, Marcie Gawel, Marc Auerbach
BACKGROUND: The National Pediatric Readiness Project Pediatric Readiness Survey (PRS) measured pediatric readiness in 4149 US emergency departments (EDs) and noted an average score of 69 on a 100-point scale. This readiness score consists of 6 domains: coordination of pediatric patient care (19/100), physician/nurse staffing and training (10/100), quality improvement activities (7/100), patient safety initiatives (14/100), policies and procedures (17/100), and availability of pediatric equipment (33/100)...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719228/successful-use-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-how-do-high-performing-hospitals-do-it
#17
Kimberly A Fisher, Kathleen M Mazor, Sarah Goff, Mihaela S Stefan, Penelope S Pekow, Lauren A Williams, Vida Rastegar, Michael B Rothberg, Nicholas S Hill, Peter K Lindenauer
RATIONALE: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is a cornerstone of treatment for patients with severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) where it has been shown to reduce the need for intubation, hospital length of stay, and mortality. Despite high quality evidence and strong recommendations in clinical guidelines, use of NIV varies widely across hospitals. OBJECTIVE: To identify approaches used by hospitals which have been successful in implementing NIV to treat patients with severe exacerbations of COPD...
July 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718607/-interdisciplinarity-for-obese-patient-global-management
#18
Frank Habicht, Marie-Luce Guillermin-Spahr, Elisabetta Bobbioni-Harsch
Obesity is a chronic illness involving serious somatic comorbidities and psychological disorders. Furthermore, obese patients often suffer from personal and / or socio-cultural problems. Taken together these elements amount to a complex illness requiring comprehensive patient care and hence an interdisciplinary approach aimed at integrating and coordinating the interventions of the different health professionals. Through various initiatives, the Interdisciplinary group for the treatment of obesity (GITO) endeavours to apply and promote an interdisciplinary approach both in clinical practice and in the debate on the problems relating to obesity...
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718015/capable-and-credible-challenging-nutrition-science
#19
EDITORIAL
Bart Penders, Anna Wolters, Edith F Feskens, Fred Brouns, Machteld Huber, Els L M Maeckelberghe, Gerjan Navis, Theo Ockhuizen, Jogchum Plat, Jan Sikkema, Marianne Stasse-Wolthuis, Pieter van 't Veer, Marcel Verweij, Jan de Vries
Nutrition science has enriched our understanding of how to stay healthy by producing valuable knowledge about the interaction of nutrients, food, and the human body. Nutrition science also has raised societal awareness about the links between food consumption and well-being, and provided the basis for food regulations and dietary guidelines. Its collaborative and interdisciplinary research has accomplished much, scientifically and socially. Despite this, nutrition science appears to be in crisis and is currently confronted with a public reluctance to trust nutritional insights...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717977/-challenges-of-implementing-a-geriatric-trauma-network-a-regional-structure
#20
Carsten Schoeneberg, Bjoern Hussmann, Thomas Wesemann, Ludger Pientka, Marie-Christin Vollmar, Christine Bienek, Markus Steinmann, Benjamin Buecking, Sven Lendemans
BACKGROUND: At present, there is a high percentage and increasing tendency of patients presenting with orthogeriatric injuries. Moreover, significant comorbidities often exist, requiring increased interdisciplinary treatment. These developments have led the German Society of Trauma Surgery, in cooperation with the German Society of Geriatrics, to establish geriatric trauma centers. METHODS: As a conglomerate hospital at two locations, we are cooperating with two external geriatric clinics...
July 17, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
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