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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650914/associations-of-rotational-shift-work-and-night-shift-status-with-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Sandhya Manohar, Charat Thongprayoon, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Michael A Mao, Sandra M Herrmann
BACKGROUND: The reported risks of hypertension (HTN) in rotating shift and night shift workers are controversial. The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the association between shift work status and HTN. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Database from inception through October 2016. Studies that reported odds ratios (OR) comparing the risk of HTN in shift workers were included. A prespecified subgroup analysis by rotating shift and night shift statuses were also performed...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644961/bisphenol-a-and-other-environmental-risk-factors-for-prostate-cancer-in-hong-kong
#2
Lap Ah Tse, Priscilla Ming Yi Lee, Wing Ming Ho, Augustine Tsan Lam, Man Kei Lee, Simon Siu Man Ng, Yonghua He, Ka-Sing Leung, Jennifer C Hartle, Howard Hu, Haidong Kan, Feng Wang, Chi Fai Ng
BACKGROUND: Environmental exposures are contributing factors to prostate cancer etiology, but these remain unclear. We aimed to document the associations between environmental risk factors and prostate cancer in Chinese, with special reference to bisphenol A (BPA). METHODS: We recruited 431 newly diagnosed prostate cancer cases and 402 age-matched controls from Prince of Wales Hospital in Hong Kong. We obtained each participant's clinical data and epidemiological information on chronic BPA exposure and other environmental risk factors (e...
June 20, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644487/-can-diabetes-be-treated-as-an-indirectly-work-related-disease
#3
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Anna Radomska, Wojciech Hanke, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
In this article the authors attempted to analyze the arguments for considering diabetes as a work-related disease. An overview of literature has been done out of articles published in the years 1980-2016, with the use of combination of key words referring to employment, workplace, and diabetes. The PubMed database was the source of data. The authors indicate that the following arguments are in favor of diabetes being recognized as a work-related disease: diabetes is not an occupational disease, it is not directly related to the work environment or the way the work is performed, but there are observed adverse effects of occupational work-related nuisances, such as night shift work, long work hours, job strain or workplace standing time, which influence its development and course...
June 22, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638000/effectiveness-of-workplace-exercise-supervised-by-a-physical-therapist-among-nurses-conducting-shift-work-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ryutaro Matsugaki, Satoshi Kuhara, Satoru Saeki, Ying Jiang, Ryoma Michishita, Masanori Ohta, Hiroshi Yamato
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of supervised exercise among nurses conducting shift work for health promotion. METHODS: A total of 30 healthy female nurses conducting shift work participated in this study and they were randomly assigned to one of the following 2 groups: The supervised exercise group (SG; participants exercised under the supervision of a physical therapist (PT)) and the voluntary exercise group (VG; participants exercised without supervision)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637048/use-of-light-therapy-by-office-based-physicians
#5
Edda Winkler-Pjrek, Marie Spies, Pia Baldinger-Melich, Lisa Perkmann, Siegfried Kasper, Dietmar Winkler
BACKGROUND: Light therapy (LT) is a non-pharmacological biological treatment that has been used in psychiatry since the 1980s. Previous research has investigated the usage of LT in hospitals. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of use of LT by office-based physicians. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent by mail to 400 randomly selected doctors in Austria. We made sure that the sample was equally representative of general practitioners (GPs) and psychiatrists, public health service doctors and private doctors, physicians in cities and in the country as well as male and female doctors...
June 22, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634682/searching-for-the-sweet-spot-the-foot-rotation-and-parallel-engagement-of-ankle-ligaments-in-maximizing-injury-tolerance
#6
Bingbing Nie, Jason L Forman, Alexander R Mait, John-Paul Donlon, Matthew B Panzer, Richard W Kent
Ligament sprains, defined as tearing of bands of fibrous tissues within ligaments, account for a majority of injuries to the foot and ankle complex in field-based sports. External rotation of the foot is considered the primary injury mechanism of syndesmotic ankle sprains with concomitant flexion and inversion/eversion associated with particular patterns of ligament trauma. However, the influence of the magnitude and direction of loading vectors to the ankle on the in situ stress state of the ligaments has not been quantified in the literature...
June 20, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627309/measuring-light-at-night-and-melatonin-levels-in-shift-workers-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Claudia M Hunter, Mariana G Figueiro
Shift work, especially that involving rotating and night shifts, is associated with an increased risk of diseases, including cancer. Attempts to explain the association between shift work and cancer in particular have focused on the processes of melatonin production and suppression. One hypothesis postulates that exposure to light at night (LAN) suppresses melatonin, whose production is known to slow the development of cancerous cells, while another proposes that circadian disruption associated with shift work, and not just LAN, increases health risks...
July 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627307/sleep-quality-associated-with-different-work-schedules-a-longitudinal-study-of-nursing-staff
#8
Shu-Fen Niu, Nae-Fang Miao, Yuan-Mei Liao, Mei-Ju Chi, Min-Huey Chung, Kuei-Ru Chou
PURPOSE: To explore the differences in sleep parameters between nurses working a slow, forward rotating shift and those working a fixed day shift. METHOD: A longitudinal parallel-group comparison design was used in this prospective study. Participants (female) were randomly assigned to a rotating shift or a fixed day shift group. Participants in the rotating shift group worked day shift for the first 4 weeks, followed by evening shift for the second and night shift the third...
July 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596466/-clocks-behavior-and-cognition
#9
Akinori Futamura, Azusa Shiromaru, Takeshi Kuroda, Motoyasu Honma, Ryuta Kinno, Kenjiro Ono, Mitsuru Kawamura
The nerve center responsible for controlling our circadian rhythm is located in a cluster of cells known as the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the hypothalamus. Various physiological functions such as sleep, arousal, blood pressure, body temperature, and hormone secretion are regulated in a 24-hour rhythm by this circuit. Somatic cells of other organs have a peripheral clock gene and by synchronizing the rhythm of the central and peripheral clocks, it is possible to live a healthy life. Due to aging and degenerative disease, circadian rhythm gradually collapses...
June 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594926/rotating-night-work-lifestyle-factors-obesity-and-promoter-methylation-in-brca1-and-brca2-genes-among-nurses-and-midwives
#10
Beata Peplonska, Agnieszka Bukowska, Edyta Wieczorek, Monika Przybek, Shanbeh Zienolddiny, Edyta Reszka
Some recent evidence suggests that environmental and lifestyle factors may modify DNA methylation. We hypothesized that rotating night work and several modifiable factors may be associated with the methylation of the promoter regions within two tumor suppressor and DNA repair genes: BRCA1 and BRCA2. The methylation status of BRCA1 and BRCA2 was determined via qMSP reactions using DNA samples derived from blood leucocytes of 347 nurses and midwives working rotating nights and 363 working during the days. The subjects were classified into unmethylated vs methylated BRCA1 and BRCA2 when the methylation index was 0% or >0%, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590149/objective-working-hour-characteristics-and-work-life-conflict-among-hospital-employees-in-the-finnish-public-sector-study
#11
Kati Karhula, Sampsa Puttonen, Annina Ropponen, Aki Koskinen, Anneli Ojajärvi, Mika Kivimäki, Mikko Härmä
This epidemiological cohort study, based on Finnish public sector data, investigated the associations between objective working hour characteristics and work-life conflict in day and shift work. The comprehensive data of hospital workers (n = 8 931, 92% women, average age 45 years), consisted of survey responses from 2012, linked with the payroll data of working hour characteristics from 91 days preceding the survey. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the associations between working hour characteristics and experiencing work-life conflict often/very often...
June 7, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585194/circadian-rhythms-in-diet-induced-obesity
#12
Atilla Engin
The biological clocks of the circadian timing system coordinate cellular and physiological processes and synchronizes these with daily cycles, feeding patterns also regulates circadian clocks. The clock genes and adipocytokines show circadian rhythmicity. Dysfunction of these genes are involved in the alteration of these adipokines during the development of obesity. Food availability promotes the stimuli associated with food intake which is a circadian oscillator outside of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583143/fatigue-mitigation-with-sleeptracktxt2-in-air-medical-emergency-care-systems-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
P Daniel Patterson, Charity G Moore, Frank X Guyette, Jack M Doman, Denisse Sequeira, Howard A Werman, Doug Swanson, David Hostler, Joshua Lynch, Lindsey Russo, Linda Hines, Karen Swecker, Michael S Runyon, Daniel J Buysse
BACKGROUND: Most air medical Emergency Medical Services (EMS) clinicians work extended duration shifts, and more than 50% report inadequate sleep, poor sleep quality, and/or poor recovery between shifts. The SleepTrackTXT pilot trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02063737) showed that use of mobile phone text messages could impact EMS clinician self-reported fatigue and sleepiness during long duration shifts. The purpose of the SleepTrackTXT2 trial is to leverage lessons learned from the first SleepTrackTXT study and test an enhanced intervention targeting air medical EMS clinicians...
June 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581353/four-night-shifts-have-a-degree-of-performance-adaptation
#14
Yu-San Chang, Yu-Hsuan Wu, Hsiang-Lan Chen, Chung-Yao Hsu
OBJECTIVE: In this case control study, we investigated the process of adaptation to night shift (NS) work and recovery back to a day schedule among nurses working a fast-rotation three-shift schedule. BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge of how specific patterns of a fast-rotation shift affect nurses' performance. METHOD: The cognitive performance of off-duty nurses (OD; n = 21), those working the first night of an NS (1NS; n = 21) and the last night of two ( n = 21), three ( n = 20), and four (4NS; n = 21) successive NSs were compared...
June 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581264/night-shift-work-and-risk-of-depression-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#15
Aeyoung Lee, Seung Kwon Myung, Jung Jin Cho, Yu Jin Jung, Jong Lull Yoon, Mee Young Kim
This study aimed to assess whether night shift work is associated with the risk of depression by using a meta-analysis of observational studies. We searched PubMed and EMBASE in August, 2016 to locate eligible studies and investigated the association between night shift work and the risk of depression, reporting outcome measures with adjusted odds ratios (ORs) or relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). In the meta-analysis of a total of 11 observational studies with 9 cross-sectional study, 1 longitudinal study, and 1 cohort study, night shift work was significantly associated with an increased risk of depression (OR/RR, 1...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570485/risk-factors-for-recurrences-of-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#16
Alexandre Matet, Alejandra Daruich, Marta Zola, Francine Behar-Cohen
PURPOSE: To describe recurrence patterns and investigate candidate risk factors for recurrences of central serous chorioretinopathy. METHODS: In 46 patients with acute central serous chorioretinopathy and follow-up >12 months after first episode resolution, parameters influencing recurrences were retrospectively evaluated using a frailty Cox proportional hazard survival model. Covariates included baseline systemic findings: age, gender, corticosteroid use, stress, shift work, sleep disorder, depression, allergy, cardiovascular risk; baseline optical coherence tomography findings: subfoveal choroidal thickness, pigment epithelial detachment pattern (regular/bump/irregular), number of subretinal hyperreflective foci at leakage site; baseline angiographic findings: fluorescein leakage intensity (intense/moderate/subtle/absent), hyperpermeability pattern on indocyanine-green angiography (focal/multifocal); and episode-related findings: duration and treatment of previous episode...
May 29, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569111/the-association-of-workplace-exposures-on-quality-of-life-in-small-and-medium-enterprises-workers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-four-asean-countries
#17
Marzuki Isahak, May Young Loh, Indri Hapsari Susilowati, Orawan Kaewboonchoo, Kitiphong Harncharoen, Nursuhaili Mohd Amin, Nguyen Phuong Toai, Wah-Yun Low, Paul Ratanasiripong
Quality of life is associated with several factors, including personal living styles and working conditions. This article aims to investigate the factors associated with quality of life among small and medium enterprises (SME) workers in 4 countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), namely Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. A total of 2014 workers from food and textile industries were asked to answer a questionnaire about their sociodemographic characteristics, working environment and conditions, and quality of life...
May 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559745/cross-sectional-examination-of-the-association-between-shift-length-and-hospital-nurses-job-satisfaction-and-nurse-reported-quality-measures
#18
Jane Ball, Tina Day, Trevor Murrells, Chiara Dall'Ora, Anne Marie Rafferty, Peter Griffiths, Jill Maben
BACKGROUND: Twenty-four hour nursing care involves shift work including 12-h shifts. England is unusual in deploying a mix of shift patterns. International evidence on the effects of such shifts is growing. A secondary analysis of data collected in England exploring outcomes with 12-h shifts examined the association between shift length, job satisfaction, scheduling flexibility, care quality, patient safety, and care left undone. METHODS: Data were collected from a questionnaire survey of nurses in a sample of English hospitals, conducted as part of the RN4CAST study, an EU 7(th) Framework funded study...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557499/the-dietary-inflammatory-index-shift-work-and-depression-results-from-nhanes
#19
Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, James B Burch, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert
OBJECTIVES: Abnormal physiology (e.g., inflammation), brought on by environmental exposures (e.g., diet or shift work [SW]), can affect numerous bodily systems, including the brain, and may be associated with depressive symptomatology. The study examined the associations between SW and depressive symptoms and diet-related inflammation (estimated by the Dietary Inflammatory Index [DII]) and depressive symptoms. Additionally, diet was examined as a mediator between SW and depressive symptoms...
May 29, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551698/glucose-metabolism-during-rotational-shift-work-in-healthcare-workers
#20
Anu Sharma, Marcello C Laurenti, Chiara Dalla Man, Ron T Varghese, Claudio Cobelli, Robert A Rizza, Aleksey Matveyenko, Adrian Vella
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Shift-work is associated with circadian rhythm disruption and an increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. We sought to determine the effect of rotational shift-work on glucose metabolism in humans. METHODS: We studied 12 otherwise healthy nurses performing rotational shift-work using a randomised crossover study design. On each occasion, participants underwent an isotope-labelled mixed meal test during a simulated day shift and a simulated night shift, enabling simultaneous measurement of glucose flux and beta cell function using the oral minimal model...
May 27, 2017: Diabetologia
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