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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902391/sleep-disorders-and-the-risk-of-stroke
#1
Mollie McDermott, Devin L Brown, Ronald D Chervin
Stroke is a major cause of disability and death in the United States and across the world, and the incidence and prevalence of stroke are expected to rise significantly due to an aging population. Obstructive sleep apnea, an established independent risk factor for stroke, is a highly prevalent disease that is estimated to double the risk of stroke. It remains uncertain whether non-apnea sleep disorders increase the risk of stroke. Areas covered: This paper reviews the literature describing the association between incident stroke and sleep apnea, REM sleep behavior disorder, restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movements of sleep, insomnia, and shift work...
June 14, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897023/determinants-of-workplace-injuries-and-violence-among-newly-licensed-rns
#2
Lynn Unruh, Yara Asi
Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. To develop meaningful safety programs, it is important to identify workplace factors that contribute to injuries. This study explored factors that affect injuries in a sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) in Florida. Regressions were run on models in which the dependent variable was the degree to which the respondent had experienced needlesticks, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, cuts or lacerations, contusions, verbal violence, physical violence, and other occupational injuries...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896332/shift-work-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-jordanian-employees
#3
Rana Abu Farha, Eman Alefishat
Objectives: We sought to evaluate the effect of night shift working on increasing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) using three different predictors. Methods: One hundred and forty adult Jordanian employees were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Demographic data, anthropometric parameters, and working patterns information were documented. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was diagnosed, and atherogenic index of the plasma (AIP) and Framingham risk score were calculated...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886347/impact-of-group-treatment-for-insomnia-on-daytime-symptomatology-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#4
Christina Sandlund, Jerker Hetta, Gunnar H Nilsson, Mirjam Ekstedt, Jeanette Westman
BACKGROUND: People typically seek primary health care for daytime symptoms and impairments they experience in association with their insomnia. However, few studies address the question of whether insomnia treatment can improve such symptomatology. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether a nurse-led group treatment program, based on the techniques of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), improved daytime symptomatology in primary care patients with insomnia...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873546/convergent-and-construct-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-caen-chronotype-questionnaire-in-six-languages
#5
Sylvain Laborde, Fabrice Dosseville, Asma Aloui, Helmi Ben Saad, Maurizio Bertollo, Laura Bortoli, Barbara Braun, Karim Chamari, Hamdi Chtourou, Yvonne De Kort, Abdulaziz Farooq, Marijke Cm Gordijn, Pablo Greco, Félix Guillén, Monoem Haddad, Thomas Hosang, Karim Khalladi, Romain Lericollais, Mariana Lopes, Claudio Robazza, Karin Smolders, Alexander Wurm, Mark S Allen
Chronotype questionnaires provide a simple and time-effective approach to assessing individual differences in circadian variations. Chronotype questionnaires traditionally focused on one dimension of chronotype, namely its orientation along a continuum of morningness and eveningness. The Caen Chronotype Questionnaire (CCQ) was developed to assess an additional dimension of chronotype that captures the extent to which individual functioning varies during the day (amplitude). The aim of this study was to provide a multilanguage validation of the CCQ in six world regions (Arabic, Dutch, German, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish)...
June 6, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869703/occupational-heat-exposure-among-municipal-workers
#6
Christopher K Uejio, Laurel Harduar Morano, Jihoon Jung, Kristina Kintziger, Meredith Jagger, Juanita Chalmers, Tisha Holmes
PURPOSE: Outdoor workers face elevated and prolonged heat exposures and have limited access to air-conditioned spaces. This study's overarching research aim is to increase knowledge of municipal worker heat exposure and adaptation practices. The study's sub-objectives are: (1) quantifying exposure misclassification from estimating personal heat exposure from the official weather station; (2) surveying worker's knowledge and practices to adapt to extreme heat; and (3) relating heat exposure and adaptation practices to self-reported thermal comfort...
June 5, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860110/prospective-study-of-chronotype-and-incident-depression-among-middle-and-older-aged-women-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#7
Céline Vetter, Shun-Chiao Chang, Elizabeth E Devore, Florian Rohrer, Olivia I Okereke, Eva S Schernhammer
BACKGROUND: Prior cross-sectional studies have suggested that being a late chronotype is associated with depression and depressive symptoms, but prospective data are lacking. METHODS: We examined the association between chronotype and incident depression (defined as self-reported physician/clinician-diagnosed depression or antidepressant medication use) in 32,470 female participants of the Nurses' Health Study II cohort who self-reported their chronotype (early, intermediate or late) and were free of depression at baseline in 2009 (average age: 55 yrs)...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850840/is-shift-work-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-overweight-or-obesity-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies-with-meta-analysis
#8
Qiaoyan Liu, Jun Shi, Peng Duan, Bing Liu, Tongfei Li, Chao Wang, Hui Li, Tingting Yang, Yong Gan, Xiaojun Wang, Shiyi Cao, Zuxun Lu
Background: An increasing number of original studies suggest that exposure to shift work could be associated with the risk of overweight and obesity, but the results remain conflicted and inconclusive. This study aimed to quantitatively synthesize available epidemiological evidence on the association between shift work and the risk of overweight and obesity by a meta-analysis. Methods: The authors searched PubMed, Embase and the reference lists of all included studies up to April 2017, with a verification search in December 2017...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847434/nurse-satisfaction-with-medical-emergency-team-nurses-a-3-year-study
#9
Colleen M Halupa, Michael S Halupa, Marty S Warren
BACKGROUND: This 3-year study measured the satisfaction of staff nurses with medical emergency team (MET) nurse services at a 573-bed hospital in the south from 2015 through 2017. Nurse satisfaction is a key management issue. Barriers to effective MET use can negatively impact patient outcomes, staffing, and nurse turnover. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess nurse satisfaction with MET nurses at a large county hospital in the south over a 3-year period...
July 2018: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808435/mortality-in-a-cohort-of-danish-firefighters-1970-2014
#10
Kajsa Ugelvig Petersen, Julie Elbæk Pedersen, Jens Peter Bonde, Niels Erik Ebbehøj, Johnni Hansen
PURPOSE: Occupational exposure of firefighters involves a complex range of potential health threats from toxic chemicals, shift work, extreme heat, physical and emotional strain. The aim of this study is to examine overall and disease-specific mortality among Danish firefighters. METHODS: Through systematic collection of personnel and membership records from employers and trade unions, past and present male Danish firefighters were identified (n = 11,775). Using the unique Danish personal identification number, information on additional employment, vital status and cause of death was linked to each member of the cohort from the Supplementary Pension Fund Register, the Danish Civil Registration System and the Danish Register of Causes of Death...
May 28, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808235/the-effect-of-shift-work-on-urogenital-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Nanfu Deng, Nora M Haney, Taylor P Kohn, Alexander W Pastuszak, Larry I Lipshultz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Non-standard shift work schedules negatively impact the overall health of shift workers, and several studies have shown that shift work, specifically, is detrimental to urogenital health. The aims of this study are to systematically review the literature and determine the effect of shift work on the outcomes of hypogonadism, male infertility, lower urinary tract symptoms, and urogenital cancers. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence supports associations between non-standard shift work and an increase in the frequency of prostate cancer and the severity of erectile dysfunction, lower urinary tract symptoms, and hypogonadal symptoms, as well as worsening of semen parameters and fertility...
May 28, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803988/comparing-caseload-and-non-caseload-midwives-burnout-levels-and-professional-attitudes-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-australian-midwives-working-in-the-public-maternity-system
#12
Kate Dawson, Michelle Newton, Della Forster, Helen McLachlan
BACKGROUND: Caseload midwifery has many benefits for women and their babies, however only around 8% of women receive caseload care in the public maternity system in Australia. Midwives working within caseload models are required to provide activity-based care (working on-call, responsively to the needs of their caseload of women) rather than undertaking shift work. There has been debate regarding the impact of caseload work on midwives, but recently caseload work has been associated with higher professional satisfaction and lower burnout when compared to midwives working in traditional models...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799816/the-association-between-nurse-shift-patterns-and-nurse-nurse-and-nurse-physician-collaboration-in-acute-care-hospital-units
#13
Chenjuan Ma, Amy Witkoski Stimpfel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of nurse shift patterns on nurses' collaboration with nurses and physicians in US acute care hospital units. BACKGROUND: Collaboration between nurses and other healthcare providers is critical for ensuring quality patient care. Nurses perform collaboration during their shift work; thus, nurse shift patterns may influence collaboration. However, there is a dearth of empirical evidence of the relationship between nurse shift patterns and collaboration of nurses with other healthcare providers...
June 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797753/the-impact-of-stress-on-sleep-pathogenic-sleep-reactivity-as-a-vulnerability-to-insomnia-and-circadian-disorders
#14
REVIEW
David A Kalmbach, Jason R Anderson, Christopher L Drake
Sleep reactivity is the trait-like degree to which stress exposure disrupts sleep, resulting in difficulty falling and staying asleep. Individuals with highly reactive sleep systems experience drastic deterioration of sleep when stressed, whereas those with low sleep reactivity proceed largely unperturbed during stress. Research shows that genetics, familial history of insomnia, female gender and environmental stress influence how the sleep system responds to stress. Further work has identified neurobiological underpinnings for sleep reactivity involving disrupted cortical networks and dysregulation in the autonomic nervous system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796606/shift-work-chronotype-and-the-risk-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors
#15
Gerben Hulsegge, H Susan J Picavet, Allard J van der Beek, W M Monique Verschuren, Jos W Twisk, Karin I Proper
Background: The relation between shift work and a large variety of cardiometabolic risk factors is unclear. Also, the role of chronotype is understudied. We examined relations between shift work and cardiometabolic risk factors, and explored these relations in different chronotypes. Methods: Cardiometabolic risk factors (anthropometry, blood pressure, lipids, diabetes, γ-glutamyltransferase, C-reactive protein, uric acid and estimated glomerular filtration rate) were assessed among 1334 adults in 1987-91, with repeated measurements every 5 years...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790566/night-shift-work-and-breast-cancer-risk-what-do-the-meta-analyses-tell-us
#16
Manisha Pahwa, France Labrèche, Paul A Demers
Objectives This paper aims to compare results, assess the quality, and discuss the implications of recently published meta-analyses of night shift work and breast cancer risk. Methods A comprehensive search was conducted for meta-analyses published from 2007-2017 that included at least one pooled effect size (ES) for breast cancer associated with any night shift work exposure metric and were accompanied by a systematic literature review. Pooled ES from each meta-analysis were ascertained with a focus on ever/never exposure associations...
May 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788221/predictive-factors-of-life-quality-among-packaging-workers-in-taiwan
#17
Shang-Yu Yang, Der-Jen Hsu, Chun-Ming Yen, Jer-Hao Chang
The semiconductor plants on the top of high-tech industrial chain hire many packaging workers to carry out miscellaneous packing tasks for various product orders from different companies and countries. Under tremendous workload the quality of life (QoL) of such packaging workers need to be concerned. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing their QoL. This study recruited 247 packing workers (162 male and 85 female; mean age: 35.6 years old) in 2015 and 2016 from a semiconductor plant in Taiwan by convenience sampling...
May 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788034/sleep-disorders-including-sleep-apnea-and-hypertension
#18
E M Van Ryswyk, S Mukherjee, C L Chai-Coetzer, A Vakulin, R D McEvoy
There is mounting evidence for an association between sleep disorders and hypertension. In obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) there are plausible biological reasons for the development of hypertension, and treatment of OSA results in modest (2-3 mmHg), adherence-dependent decreases in blood pressure (BP), with larger effects evident in those with resistant hypertension. However, prospective, population-based cohort studies have not yet convincingly demonstrated a link between OSA and incident hypertension, and adequately powered controlled trials of CPAP for the prevention or treatment or hypertension are lacking...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780357/altered-circadian-rhythms-and-breast-cancer-from-the-human-to-the-molecular-level
#19
REVIEW
Hui-Hsien Lin, Michelle E Farkas
Circadian clocks are fundamental, time-tracking systems that allow organisms to adapt to the appropriate time of day and drive many physiological and cellular processes. Altered circadian rhythms can result from night-shift work, chronic jet lag, exposure to bright lights at night, or other conditioning, and have been shown to lead to increased likelihood of cancer, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, and immune dysregulation. In cases of cancer, worse patient prognoses and drug resistance during treatment have also been observed...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764221/permanent-night-workers%C3%A2-sleep-and-psychosocial-factors-in-hospital-work-a-comparison-to-day-and-shift-work
#20
Kati Karhula, Tarja Hakola, Aki Koskinen, Anneli Ojajärvi, Mika Kivimäki, Mikko Härmä
We aimed to study whether permanent night workers sleep and psychosocial factors differ from day workers and shift workers. The participants (n = 9 312, 92% females, average age 45 years, most commonly nurses and departmental secretaries) were day workers (DW, n = 2 672), shift workers (SW, n = 6 486) and permanent night workers (PNW, n = 154). The Finnish Public Sector survey responses from six hospital districts from 2012 were combined to payroll data from 91 days preceding the survey. The data were analyzed using Pearson χ2 -test, one-way ANOVA and multinomial logistic regression analysis...
May 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
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