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"Magnet Model" OR "Magnet Organization" OR "Magnet Hospital"

Donna M Fountain, Charlotte Thomas-Hawkins
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Psychological Conditions Scale (PCS), a measure of drivers of engagement in hospital-based nurses. BACKGROUND: Research suggests drivers of engagement are positive links to patient, employee, and hospital outcomes. Although this scale has been used in other occupations, it has not been tested in nursing. METHODS: A cross-sectional, methodological study using a convenience sample of 200 nurses in a large Magnet® hospital in New Jersey...
November 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Debojit Bhattacharya, Suranjan Shil, Anirban Misra, Laimutis Bytautas, Douglas J Klein
Here we study a set of novel magnetic organic molecular species with different halide ions (fluoride, chloride, bromide) absorbed ~2Å above or below the center of an aromatic π-ring in an m-aminyl diradical. Focus is on the nature of anion-π interaction and its impact on magnetic properties, specifically on magnetic anisotropy and on intramolecular magnetic exchange coupling. In the development of single molecule magnets, magnetic anisotropy is considered to be the most influential factor. A new insight regarding the magnetic anisotropy which determines the barrier height for relaxation of magnetization of m-aminyl diradical-derived anionic complexes is obtained from calculations of the axial Zero-Field-Splitting (ZFS) parameter D...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Luk Bruyneel, Tom Thoelen, Jef Adriaenssens, Walter Sermeus
AIM: To explore the association between the quality of the work environment, job characteristics, demographic characteristics and a pathway of job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion and turnover intention among nurses in emergency departments and perform subgroup analyses. BACKGROUND: Turnover intention among nurses is high. Multiple causes have been described, mostly in large studies of nurses working on general wards, often without considering complementarity of conceptual models and showing scant interest in the consistency of associations across subgroups of nurses...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Thomas Dresselhaus, Steffen Eusterwiemann, David R Matuschek, Constantin G Daniliuc, Oliver Janka, Rainer Pöttgen, Armido Studer, Johannes Neugebauer
In all but the simplest crystal structures, the identification of all relevant interactions between magnetic sites as well as the setup of magnetic model spaces, which are necessary for modeling macroscopic magnetism, are tedious and error-prone tasks. Here, we present a procedure to generate magnetic susceptibility versus temperature curves using only a crystal structure as input. The procedure, which is based on the first-principles bottom-up approach [Deumal et al., J. Phys. Chem. A, 2002, 106, 1299], is designed in a way to require as little user interference as possible...
October 12, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Margaret A Hayden, Gail A Wolf, Judith F Zedreck-Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify patterns of high-performing behaviors and nurse manager perceptions of the factors of Magnet® sustainability at a multidesignated Magnet organization. BACKGROUND: The Magnet program recognizes exemplary professional nursing practice and is challenging to achieve and sustain. Only 10% (n = 42) of Magnet hospitals sustained designation for 12 years or longer. This study explored the perspectives of Magnet nurse managers regarding high-performing teams and the sustainability of Magnet designation...
October 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Hannele Saunders, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare nurses' evidence-based practice (EBP) beliefs, EBP knowledge, and nurse workforce outcomes between Magnet®-aspiring, Magnet-conforming, and non-Magnet university hospitals in Finland. BACKGROUND: The effect of Magnet designation on EBP and nursing workforce outcomes is well studied where Magnet hospitals exist. Less is known about it in countries where hospitals are embarking upon the initial Magnet journey. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional national survey was conducted at Finnish university hospitals with a convenience sample (n = 943) of practicing nurses...
October 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Andreas Konstantatos, Robert Bewley, Anne-Laure Barra, Jesper Bendix, Stergios Piligkos, Høgni Weihe
A tetranuclear [2 × 2] grid-like manganese(III) Schiff base complex, Mn4, has been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Direct-current magnetization measurements were performed on the system and proved to be insufficient for an accurate magnetic model to be deduced. Combined inelastic neutron scattering (INS) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments provided the necessary information in order to successfully model the magnetic properties of Mn4. The resulting model takes into account both the magnitude and the relative orientations of the single-ion anisotropy tensors...
October 17, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Michael R Richards, Karen Lasater, Matthew McHugh
BACKGROUND: Care quality continues to be a focal point within US health care. One quality innovation is the Magnet recognition program for hospitals, which is a nurse-driven initiative emphasizing care and patient-safety improvements. To date, Magnet hospitals have been associated with better outcomes, but their distribution is highly uneven. Relatedly, little research has characterized what factors drive Magnet adoption (eg, competitive pressure from other hospitals). OBJECTIVE: To examine if hospitals respond to more competing hospitals becoming Magnets by also becoming Magnet institutions...
September 15, 2016: Medical Care
Elizabeth J Winokur, Dana N Rutledge, Amy Hayes
UNLABELLED: The aim is to explore factors that motivate and obstacles that impede nurses from pursuing baccalaureate education when employed by a Magnet® organization. BACKGROUND: In the Future of Nursing (2011), the Institute of Medicine concluded that the baccalaureate should be the minimum education for nurses. Magnet organizations are encouraged to meet the Institute of Medicine goal of 80% of nurses with a baccalaureate by 2020. METHOD: In February 2014, a 15-item on-line survey was sent to nurses at a western Magnet-designated hospital to assess factors that motivate registered nurses to achieve a baccalaureate...
July 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Michael Huetsch, Jeremy Green
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify leadership awareness of emotional stress and employee support efforts in pediatric hospitals. BACKGROUND: The current pediatric environment has seen increases in treatment intensity, care duration, and acuity of patients resulting in increased likelihood of being exposed to emotional events. METHODS: Mail survey was sent to chief nursing officers at 87 pediatric hospitals. RESULTS: A total of 49 responses (56%) were received...
July 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Wen Liu, Meg Johantgen, Robin Newhouse
Psychometric testing of the Shared Vision (SV) scale that measures team efforts toward common patient-centered goals was initially estimated among rural hospital nurse executives. The purpose of this study was to estimate the scale's reliability (internal consistency), convergent validity (Pearson correlation with Practice Environment Scale), and structural validity (ordinal confirmatory factor analysis) among acute care Magnet(®) hospital nurses. The study sample included 289 nurses from 27 acute care Magnet® hospitals...
June 2, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Linda B Talley
The journey to Magnet® provides the ideal platform to demonstrate the impact of nursing and how strong interprofessional partnerships advance care and problem solving in an increasingly complex healthcare arena. Nurses in Magnet organizations use collaborative partnerships to forge innovative solutions, improve nursing care across the continuum, advance health in populations, effect desired change, and improve outcomes.
June 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Richard Terrett, Simon Petrie, Rob Stranger, Ron J Pace
Density Functional Theory (DFT) computational studies of the Mn4/Ca Oxygen Evolving Complex (OEC) region of Photosystem II in the paramagnetic S2 and S3 states of the water oxdizing catalytic cycle are described. These build upon recent advances in computationally understanding the detailed S1 state OEC geometries, revealed by the recent high resolution Photosystem II crystal structures of Shen et al., at 1.90Å and 1.95Å (Petrie et al., 2015, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 54, 7120). The models feature a 'Low Oxidation Paradigm' assumption for the mean Mn oxidation states in the functional enzyme, with the mean oxidation levels being 3...
April 8, 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Shin Hye Park, Stephanie Gass, Diane K Boyle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare rates and reasons for registered nurse (RN) turnover by Magnet® status. BACKGROUND: Although lower RN turnover rates in Magnet hospitals have been documented well in the literature, little is known about specific separation reasons for RN turnover and whether the reasons differ between Magnet and non-Magnet hospitals. METHODS: This descriptive, correlational study analyzed unit-level 2013 National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators® turnover data (2,958 units; 497 hospitals)...
May 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Sarveena, J M Vargas, D K Shukla, C T Meneses, P Mendoza Zélis, M Singh, S K Sharma
The present work describes the synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles by thermal decomposition of Fe-precursors in argon and vacuum environments with control over particle size distribution, phase composition and the resulting magnetic properties. The Rietveld refinement analysis of X-ray diffraction data revealed the crystallinity as well the single-phase of γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles prepared under vacuum, whereas the argon environment leads to the formation of multi-phase composition of γ-Fe2O3/Fe3O4 (90%) and wustite (10%)...
April 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
A A Khajetoorians, M Steinbrecher, M Ternes, M Bouhassoune, M dos Santos Dias, S Lounis, J Wiebe, R Wiesendanger
Chiral magnets are a promising route towards dense magnetic storage technology due to their inherent nano-scale dimensions and energy efficient properties. Engineering chiral magnets requires atomic-level control of the magnetic exchange interactions, including the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, which defines a rotational sense for the magnetization of two coupled magnetic moments. Here we show that the indirect conduction electron-mediated Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction between two individual magnetic atoms on a metallic surface can be manipulated by changing the interatomic distance with the tip of a scanning tunnelling microscope...
2016: Nature Communications
Hilary Barnes, Jessica Rearden, Matthew D McHugh
Central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are among the deadliest heathcare-associated infections, with an estimated 12-25% mortality rate. In 2014, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) began to penalize hospitals for poor performance with respect to selected hospital-acquired conditions, including CLABSI. A structural factor associated with high-quality nursing care and better patient outcomes is The Magnet Recognition Program®. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between Magnet status and hospital CLABSI rates...
April 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
Sue Creehan, Janet Cuddigan, Dana Gonzales, Denise Nix, William Padula, Joyce Pittman, Vicky Pontieri-Lewis, Christine Walden, Belinda Wells, Robinetta Wheeler
Hospital-acquired pressure ulcer occurrences have declined over the past decade as reimbursement policies have changed, evidence-based practice guidelines have been implemented, and quality improvement initiatives have been launched. However, the 2006-2008 Institute for Healthcare Improvement goal of zero pressure ulcers remains difficult to achieve and even more challenging to sustain. Magnet hospitals tend to have lower hospital-acquired pressure ulcer rates than non-Magnet hospitals, yet many non-Magnet hospitals also have robust pressure ulcer prevention programs...
March 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Shunqi Zhang, Tao Yin, Ren Ma, Zhipeng Liu
Functional imaging method of biological electrical characteristics based on magneto-acoustic effect gives valuable information of tissue in early tumor diagnosis, therein time and frequency characteristics analysis of magneto-acoustic signal is important in image reconstruction. This paper proposes wave summing method based on Green function solution for acoustic source of magneto-acoustic effect. Simulations and analysis under quasi 1D transmission condition are carried out to time and frequency characteristics of magneto-acoustic signal of models with different thickness...
August 2015: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
S Kunkemöller, D Khomskii, P Steffens, A Piovano, A A Nugroho, M Braden
The magnon dispersion in Ca_{2}RuO_{4} has been determined by inelastic neutron scattering on single crytals containing 1% of Ti. The dispersion is well described by a conventional Heisenberg model suggesting a local moment model with nearest neighbor interaction of J=8  meV. Nearest and next-nearest neighbor interaction as well as interlayer coupling parameters are required to properly describe the entire dispersion. Spin-orbit coupling induces a very large anisotropy gap in the magnetic excitations in apparent contrast with a simple planar magnetic model...
December 11, 2015: Physical Review Letters
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