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"Fibromyalgia"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772467/yawning-and-cortisol-levels-in-multiple-sclerosis-potential-new-diagnostic-tool
#1
Simon B N Thompson, Alister Coleman, Nicola Williams
Yawning is a significant behavioural response and, together with cortisol, is potentially a new diagnostic marker of neurological diseases. Evidence of an association between yawning and cortisol was found which supports the Thompson Cortisol Hypothesis and thermoregulation hypotheses, indication that brain cooling occurs when yawning. 117 volunteers aged 18-69 years were randomly allocated to experimentally controlled conditions to provoke yawning. Thirty-three had been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Saliva cortisol samples were collected before and after yawning or after stimuli presentation in the absence of yawning...
May 2, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770505/poor-self-reported-sleep-quality-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis
#2
Jesús Castro-Marrero, Maria C Zaragozá, Sergio González-Garcia, Luisa Aliste, Naia Sáez-Francàs, Odile Romero, Alex Ferré, Tomás Fernández de Sevilla, José Alegre
Non-restorative sleep is a hallmark symptom of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis. However, little is known about self-reported sleep disturbances in these subjects. This study aimed to assess the self-reported sleep quality and its impact on quality of life in a Spanish community-based chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis cohort. A prospective cross-sectional cohort study was conducted in 1,455 Spanish chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis patients. Sleep quality, fatigue, pain, functional capacity impairment, psychopathological status, anxiety/depression and health-related quality of life were assessed using validated subjective measures...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769416/endogenous-systems-involved-in-exercise-induced-analgesia
#3
R Da Silva Santos, G Galdino
Exercise-induced analgesia is a phenomenon discussed worldwide. This effect began to be investigated in the early 1970s in healthy individuals and rodents during and after an acute or chronic session of running or swimming. Thereafter, studies found this effect was also induced by resistance exercises. Over the years, many studies have demonstrated the importance of exercise-induced analgesia in relieving pain caused by different conditions, such as fibromyalgia, low back pain, neuropathy, and osteoarthritis...
February 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765137/neurobiological-similarities-between-ra-and-fibromyalgia
#4
Fabiola Atzeni, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763265/pregabalin-lyrica-for-acute-fibromyalgia-pain
#5
Luke Donnelly, Jaime Moran, Mathew Foley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761101/fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-case-report-on-controlled-remission-of-symptoms-by-a-dietary-strategy
#6
Silvia Maria Lattanzio, Francesca Imbesi
A 34-year-old woman suffered from significant chronic pain, depression, non-restorative sleep, chronic fatigue, severe morning stiffness, leg cramps, irritable bowel syndrome, hypersensitivity to cold, concentration difficulties, and forgetfulness. Blood tests were negative for rheumatic disorders. The patient was diagnosed with Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Due to the lack of effectiveness of pharmacological therapies in FMS, she approached a novel metabolic proposal for the symptomatic remission. Its core idea is supporting serotonin synthesis by allowing a proper absorption of tryptophan assumed with food, while avoiding, or at least minimizing the presence of interfering non-absorbed molecules, such as fructose and sorbitol...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759127/fibromyalgia-in-primary-care
#7
REVIEW
Jay B Higgs
Fibromyalgia is a common disorder and has substantial impact on quality of life. The cause remains unknown, but current evidence points to multifactorial involvement of pain processing. Clinical diagnosis is aided by evidence-based diagnostic criteria with subscores for widespread pain and symptom severity. Nonpharmacologic treatments, including cognitive behavioral therapy, sleep hygiene, and regular aerobic exercise, form the cornerstone of management. Pharmacologic intervention is an important adjunct, but benefit is variable...
June 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757806/medical-cannabis-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia
#8
Francesco Crestani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756974/-effects-of-lacto-vegetarian-diet-and-stabilization-core-exercises-on-body-composition-and-pain-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez, Belén Leyva-Vela, Alba Martínez-García, Yolanda Nadal-Nicolás
BACKGROUND: fibromyalgia is a disease of unknown origin characterized by chronic muscular pain. The lack of knowledge about this disease is one of the main causes that makes complex to make a diagnosis and an appropriate treatment. OBJECTIVE: the main objective of this study was to know the efficacy of a physiotherapy treatment combined with a lacto-vegetarian dietary-nutritional intervention, on low back pain and body composition in women with fibromyalgia. METHODS: twenty-one women were randomly divided into three groups: A (core stabilization exercises + lacto-vegetarian diet), B (placebo + lacto-vegetarian diet) and C (control)...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754181/differences-in-daily-objective-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-between-women-with-self-reported-fibromyalgia-and-controls-results-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#10
Paquito Bernard, G Hains-Monfette, S Atoui, C Kingsbury
Physical activity and sedentary behaviors are important modifiable factors that influence health and quality of life in women with fibromyalgia. The purpose of this study was to compare objectively assessed physical activity and sedentary time in women self-reporting fibromyalgia with a control group. Data were drawn from the Canadian Health Measures Survey cycles 1, 2, and 3 conducted by Statistics Canada. We included women aged 18 to 79 years with complete accelerometer data. We performed one-way analyses of covariance (adjusted-for socio-demographic and health factors) to determine mean differences in physical activity and sedentary variables (minutes per day of moderate and vigorous physical activity, light physical activity, sedentary and daily steps) between women with and without fibromyalgia...
May 12, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753617/patient-factors-associated-with-prolonged-postoperative-opioid-use-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#11
Robert S Namba, Anshuman Singh, Elizabeth W Paxton, Maria C S Inacio
BACKGROUND: Pain persists in a moderate proportion of patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Identifying patient factors that are associated with persistent pain may lead to improved care. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to identify preoperative factors associated with increased opioid prescriptions after TKA. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of TKAs in an integrated health-care system (January 2008-December 2011) was conducted...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750060/fascial-preadipocytes-another-missing-piece-of-the-puzzle-to-understand-fibromyalgia
#12
Bruno Bordoni, Fabiola Marelli, Bruno Morabito, Francesca Cavallaro, David Lintonbon
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is a chronic condition causing pain, affecting approximately 0.5%-6% of the developed countries' population, and on average, 2% of the worldwide population. Despite the large amount of scientific literature available, the FM etiology is still uncertain. The diagnosis is based on the clinical presentation and the severity of the symptomatology. Several studies pointed out pathological alterations within the central nervous system, suggesting that FM could originate from a central sensitization of the pain processing centers...
2018: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748158/scoping-review-of-dance-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-what-do-we-know-about-it
#13
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Catherine Boden, Soo Kim, Angela J Busch, Suelen M Goes, Emily Knight
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread muscular tenderness, pain, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties. Nonpharmacological treatment options, such as physical activity, are important for people with fibromyalgia. There are strong recommendations to support engagement in physical activity for symptom management among adults with fibromyalgia. Dance is a mode of physical activity that may allow individuals with fibromyalgia to improve their physical function, health, and well-being...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745889/potentially-traumatic-events-ptsd-and-post-traumatic-stress-spectrum-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#14
Ciro Conversano, Claudia Carmassi, Carlo A Bertelloni, Laura Marchi, Tommaso Micheloni, Manuel G Carbone, Giovanni Pagni, Claudia Tagliarini, Gabriele Massimetti, Laura M Bazzichi, Liliana Dell'Osso
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is defined as a severe, chronic, non-articular rheumatic condition characterised by widespread musculoskeletal pain, hyperalgesia and generalised tender points, in the absence of inflammatory or structural musculoskeletal abnormalities. Pain is the predominant symptom, allodynia and hyperalgesia are common signs. Extreme fatigue, impaired cognition and non-restorative sleeping difficulties coexist in addition to other somatic symptoms. Several studies suggest there is a meaningful relationship between FM and the psychological symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742751/slowly-repeated-evoked-pain-srep-as-a-marker-of-central-sensitization-in-fibromyalgia-diagnostic-accuracy-and-reliability-in-comparison-with-temporal-summation-of-pain
#15
Pablo de la Coba, Stephen Bruehl, Carmen María Gálvez-Sánchez, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the diagnostic accuracy and test-retest reliability of a novel dynamic evoked pain protocol (slowly repeated evoked pain; SREP) compared to temporal summation of pain (TSP), a standard index of central sensitization. METHODS: Thirty-five fibromyalgia (FM) and 30 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients completed, in pseudorandomized order, a standard mechanical TSP protocol (10 stimuli of 1s duration at the thenar eminence using a 300g monofilament with 1s interstimulus interval) and the SREP protocol (9 suprathreshold pressure stimuli of 5s duration applied to the fingernail with a 30s interstimulus interval)...
May 1, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739097/could-endocan-a-marker-of-inflammation-and-endothelial-dysfunction-be-a-new-diagnostic-marker-for-fibromyalgia
#16
Cuma Mertoglu, Murat Gunay, Onur Yerligok
BACKGROUND: Although the pathophysiology of fibromyalgia has not yet been fully clarified, inflammation and endothelial dysfunction have been suggested to occur in patients with fibromyalgia. In recent years, endocan has been reported as an important biomarker for inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. In this study, we investigated this mechanism by measuring the serum endocan levels in fibromyalgia patients. METHODS: The serum samples collected from 37 female patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia for the first time and 43 healthy women were analysed in terms of the endocan levels and laboratory parameters, and the values from the two groups were compared...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735513/a-unifying-theory-for-cognitive-abnormalities-in-functional-neurological-disorders-fibromyalgia-and-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Tiago Teodoro, Mark J Edwards, Jeremy D Isaacs
BACKGROUND: Functional cognitive disorder (FCD) describes cognitive dysfunction in the absence of an organic cause. It is increasingly prevalent in healthcare settings yet its key neuropsychological features have not been reported in large patient cohorts. We hypothesised that cognitive profiles in fibromyalgia (FM), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and functional neurological disorders (FNDs) would provide a template for characterising FCD. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of studies with cognition-related outcomes in FM, CFS and FND...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733785/what-you-can-do-for-your-fibromyalgia-patient
#18
REVIEW
Carmen E Gota
Patients with fibromyalgia typically have pain "all over," tender points, generalized weakness and fatigue, nonrestorative sleep, and a plethora of other symptoms. In contrast to inflammatory and autoimmune conditions, laboratory tests and physical examination findings are usually normal. American College of Rheumatology guidelines facilitate diagnosis. Management requires a multifaceted, long-term strategy that emphasizes improving function rather than reducing pain.
May 2018: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730741/is-balneotherapy-effective-for-fibromyalgia-results-from-a-6-month-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Antonella Fioravanti, Patrizia Manica, Roberto Bortolotti, Gabriele Cevenini, Sara Tenti, Giuseppe Paolazzi
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of balneotherapy (BT) in patients with primary fibromyalgia syndrome (FS). In a prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind trial with a 6-month follow-up, 100 FS patients were randomized to receive a cycle of BT with highly mineralized sulfate water (BT group) or with tap water (control group). Clinical assessments were performed at screening visit, at basal time, and after treatment (2 weeks, 3 and 6 months). The primary outcome measures were the change of global pain on the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire total score (FIQ-Total) from baseline to 15 days...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726637/sleep-disturbance-and-depression-symptoms-mediate-the-relationship-between-pain-and-cognitive-dysfunction-in-lupus-patients
#20
Teresa A Lillis, Vanessa Tirone, Nisarg Gandhi, Stacy Weinberg, Ailda Nika, Winston Sequeira, Stevan E Hobfoll, Joel A Block, Meenakshi Jolly
OBJECTIVE: The current study explored whether sleep disturbance and depression symptoms mediated the relationship between pain and Cognitive Dysfunction (CD) in a sample of 115 patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: 115 consenting SLE patients completed questionnaires on pain, perceived stress, depression, sleep, and CD. Relationships among pain, sleep, depression and CD were assessed with bootstrapped mediation models controlling for race/ethnicity, fibromyalgia diagnosis, current corticosteroid use, disease activity and damage, and perceived stress...
May 4, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
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