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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902741/factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-initiation-a-comparison-between-france-and-french-speaking-canada
#1
Lisa-Christine Girard, Sylvana M Côté, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Lise Dubois, Bruno Falissard, Anne Forhan, Orla Doyle, Jonathan Y Bernard, Barbara Heude, Marie-Josephe Saurel-Cubizolles, Monique Kaminski, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with multiple domains of health for both mothers and children. Nevertheless, breastfeeding initiation is low within certain developed countries. Furthermore, comparative studies of initiation rates using harmonised data across multiple regions is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare individual-level determinants of breastfeeding initiation using two French-speaking cohorts. METHODS: Participants included ~ 3,900 mothers enrolled in two cohort studies in Canada and France...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902504/a-password-protected-web-site-for-mothers-expressing-milk-for-their-preterm-infants
#2
MaryAnn Blatz, Donna Dowling, Patricia W Underwood, Amy Bieda, Gregory Graham
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that breast milk significantly decreases morbidities that impact length of stay for preterm infants, but there is a need to test interventions to improve breastfeeding outcomes. Since many Americans are using technologies such as the Intranet and smartphones to find health information and manage health, a Web site was developed for mothers who provide breast milk for their preterm hospitalized infants. PURPOSE: This study examined the efficacy of a Web site for mothers to educate them about breast milk expression and assist them in monitoring their breast milk supply...
November 29, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901335/the-role-of-natural-galactagogues-during-breast-feeding-focus-on-a-galega-officinalis-based-food-supplement
#3
Silvia Salatino, Luca Giacomelli, Ilaria Carnevali, Erika Giacomelli
Maternal milk is the optimal food for newborns. To this end, a number of interventions are used to enhance milk production. However, pharmacological interventions may be associated with a perceived risk of adverse effects and therefore many mothers prefer to rely on natural herbal remedies. Several herbal remedies have been traditionally used to this purpose. However, the level of evidence supporting their use is mixed. Among different currently-employed natural remedies, Galega officinalis has emerged to be one of those sustained by the strongest evidence...
November 30, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901201/evaluation-of-a-preventive-educational-program-for-malocclusions-7-year-study
#4
Beatriz Brandão Scarpelli, Sandrine Bittencourt Berger, Marília Franco Punhagui, Cássio Alexandre Zeri de Oliveira, Antonio Ferelle, Paula Vanessa Pedron Oltramari-Navarro
Results: 506 of the 802 guardians/children referred to the PPM joined. As for the children, the most frequently assessed habits were: bottle (56.1%), bottle and pacifier (18.4%), finger (11.9%), bottle and finger (7.1%), pacifier (5.7%), pacifier and finger (0.6%), and bottle/pacifier/finger (0.2%). After parent participation in the meetings, 335 (66.2%) children abandoned their habits. There was a statistical difference between type of oral habit and time to abandonment (p = 0.0001)...
November 28, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898591/tenofovir-exposure-in-utero-and-linear-growth-in-hiv-exposed-uninfected-infants
#5
Stanzi M le Roux, Jennifer Jao, Kirsty Brittain, Tamsin K Phillips, Seun Olatunbosun, Agnes Ronan, Allison Zerbe, Elaine J Abrams, Landon Myer
OBJECTIVE: Tenofovir (TDF) affects bone health and is widely used in pregnancy but data are limited on the effects of TDF exposure in utero. We examined the association between duration of in-utero TDF exposure and linear growth in HIV-exposed, uninfected (HEU) infants. DESIGN: A prospective cohort of pregnant women initiating TDF-containing regimens at primary care services in Cape Town, South Africa, were enrolled and followed with their breastfeeding infants through 12 months postpartum...
January 2, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898210/the-role-of-early-maternal-support-in-balancing-full-time-work-and-infant-exclusive-breastfeeding-a-qualitative-study
#6
Lea Pounds, Christopher M Fisher, Debora Barnes-Josiah, Jason D Coleman, R Craig Lefebvre
INTRODUCTION: Support of others is a key factor for mothers who choose to breastfeed their infants, including those who balance work outside the home and breastfeeding. However, little research has been done to understand how maternal support during the postpartum period impacts mothers' ability to later balance work and breastfeeding, in particular full-time work and exclusive breastfeeding. The results of this qualitative study indicate that the timing of support plays a key role in mothers' ability to successfully overcome barriers during the early postpartum period, thus building maternal self-efficacy in addressing problems encountered when they return to work...
November 29, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897979/breastmilk-production-in-the-first-4-weeks-after-birth-of-term-infants
#7
Jacqueline C Kent, Hazel Gardner, Donna T Geddes
Breastmilk provides the ideal nutrition for the infant, and exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first 6 months. Adequate milk production by the mother is therefore critical, and early milk production has been shown to significantly affect milk production during established lactation. Previous studies indicate that milk production should reach the lower limit of normal for established lactation (440 mL per day) by day 11 after birth. We have used test-weighing of term infants before and after each breastfeed over 24 h to measure milk production in the first 4 weeks of lactation in mothers with and without perceived breastfeeding problems to provide information on how often milk production is inadequate...
November 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896940/empowering-women-to-breastfeed-does-the-baby-friendly-initiative-make-a-difference
#8
Danielle Groleau, Katherine W Pizarro, Luisa Molino, Katherine Gray-Donald, Sonia Semenic
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFI) is currently presented worldwide as the gold standard model of care for promoting and supporting breastfeeding. However, there is a lack of understanding about the ways in which health services, including the BFI, address the cultural change from a disembodied practice (formula feeding) to an embodied one (breastfeeding) in contexts where formula feeding is the norm. We used a qualitative case study methodology to compare the embodied experience of breastfeeding and the maternal experience of breastfeeding promotion and support services between mothers receiving care from institutions with low and high levels of BFI implementation in Québec, Canada...
November 29, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896919/duration-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-is-a-positive-predictor-of-iron-status-in-6-to-10-month-old-infants-in-rural-kenya
#9
Mary A Uyoga, Simon Karanja, Daniela Paganini, Colin I Cercamondi, Sophie A Zimmermann, Benjamin Ngugi, Penny Holding, Diego Moretti, Michael B Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is high in infants in Sub-Saharan Africa. Exclusive breastfeeding of infants to 6 months of age is recommended by the World Health Organization, but breast milk is low in iron. Some studies suggest exclusive breastfeeding, although beneficial for the infant, may increase risk for IDA in resource-limited settings. OBJECTIVE: To determine if duration of exclusive breastfeeding is associated with anemia and iron deficiency in rural Kenyan infants...
November 29, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896427/predictors-of-motor-developmental-milestones-during-the-first-year-of-life
#10
Trine Flensborg-Madsen, Erik Lykke Mortensen
: Studies suggest that both pre- and postnatal factors are predictors of age of attaining milestones in infancy. However, no studies evaluate the comparative strength of these predictors and the amount of the variance in development they explain. This study aimed to conduct a systematic evaluation of a broad selection of possible predictors of age at milestone attainment and to identify factors that explain significant inter-individual variance. Mothers of 5765 children of the Copenhagen Perinatal Cohort (1959-61) recorded 12 developmental milestones prospectively during the child's first year of life...
November 28, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895813/cow-s-milk-allergy-towards-an-update-of-dracma-guidelines
#11
REVIEW
Alessandro Fiocchi, Lamia Dahda, Christophe Dupont, Cristina Campoy, Vincenzo Fierro, Antonio Nieto
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the diagnosis and treatment of IgE-mediated CMA were systematized in a GRADE guideline. OBJECTIVES & METHODS: After 6 years, the state of the knowledge in diagnosis and treatment of CMA has largely evolved. We summarize here the main advances, and exemplify indicating some specific points: studies aimed at better knowledge of the effects of breastfeeding and the production of new special formulae intended for the treatment of CMA. The literature (PubMed/MEDLINE) was searched using the following algorithms: (1) [milk allergy] AND diagnosis; (2) [milk allergy] AND [formul*] OR [breast*], setting the search engine [6-years] time and [human] limits...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895700/intervention-based-on-basnef-model-increases-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants-in-iran-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Sheler Ahmadi, Farideh Kazemi, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Parisa Parsa, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the effect of a consultation model, Beliefs, Attitudes, Subjective Norms and Enabling Factors (BASNEF), and the counselling steps using GATHER-Greet clients, Ask clients about themselves, Tell clients about their choices, Help clients choose, Explain what to do, and Return for follow-up-on the continuation rates of exclusive breastfeeding in mothers of premature infants. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial carried out on 124 mothers with premature infants hospitalized in Fatemieh Hospital, city of Hamadan, in 2014...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895489/health-provider-experiences-with-galactagogues-to-support-breastfeeding-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Alessandra N Bazzano, Lisa Littrell, Amelia Brandt, Shelley Thibeau, Kamala Thriemer, Katherine P Theall
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding for infants up to 6 months is widely recommended, yet breastfeeding rates are relatively low in the US. The most common reason women stop breastfeeding early is a perceived insufficiency of milk. Galactagogues are herbal and pharmaceutical products that can help increase milk supply; however, data on their efficacy and safety is limited. Lactation consultants, obstetricians, and other health providers are an important point of contact for breastfeeding women experiencing challenges with lactation...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895016/are-prophylactic-and-therapeutic-target-concentrations-different-the-case-of-lopinavir-ritonavir-or-lamivudine-administered-to-infants-for-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-1-transmission-during-breastfeeding
#14
Frantz Foissac, Jörn Blume, Jean-Marc Tréluyer, Thorkild Tylleskär, Chipepo Kankasa, Nicolas Meda, James K Tumwine, Mandisa Singata-Madliki, Kim Harper, Silvia M Illamola, Naïm Bouazza, Nicolas Nagot, Philippe Van de Perre, Stéphane Blanche, Déborah Hirt
The ANRS 12174 trial assessed the efficacy and tolerance of LPV/r versus 3TC prophylaxis administered to breastfed infants, whose HIV-infected mothers were not on ART. In this sub-study, we assessed LPV/r and 3TC pharmacokinetics to evaluate the percentage of infants with therapeutic plasma concentrations and to discuss these data in the context of a prophylactic treatment. Infants from the South African trial site underwent blood sampling for pharmacokinetic study at week 6, 26 and 38 of life. We applied a Bayesian approach to derive the 3TC and LPV pharmacokinetic parameters based on previously published pharmacokinetic models for HIV-infected children...
November 28, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893918/breast-milk-collection-and-storage-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-nurses-knowledge-practice-and-perceived-barriers
#15
Huda Falah Gharaibeh, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Shefa Yousef Malkawi
BACKGROUND: Temporary storage of human milk under appropriate conditions encourages prolonged breast-feeding. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess neonatal nurses' knowledge and practice, as well as barriers, related to breast milk collection and storage and to investigate the association between nurses' knowledge and practice and other variables. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used. Consecutive samplings of 75 nurses were recruited. The questions were based on a literature review of guidelines for collecting and storing breast milk from various sources, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893295/medical-directors-of-breastfeeding-programs-at-academic-medical-centers-duties-and-challenges
#16
Casey B Rosen-Carole
INTRODUCTION: An emerging trend in Academic Medical Centers (AMCs) is to coordinate breastfeeding care, research, and trainee education through "medical director" positions. Little is known about their duties, supports, and challenges. OBJECTIVE: To determine the duties and challenges of directors of breastfeeding medicine in AMCs. METHODS: A survey was distributed four times over a 3-month period to three listservs with a total of 860 members...
November 28, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893143/association-between-wic-enrollment-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-at-3-months-postpartum-among-low-income-mothers
#17
John Francescon, Zelalem T Haile, David Kling, Ilana Chertok
CONTEXT: Existing literature suggests participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the prenatal and postnatal periods is associated with lower rates of breastfeeding among WIC-eligible mothers. However, minimal research has been published on the association between WIC enrollment and exclusive breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between WIC exposure and exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892736/therapeutics-of-postpartum-depression
#18
Michael Thomson, Verinder Sharma
Postpartum depression is a prevalent disorder affecting many women of reproductive age. Despite increasing public awareness, it is frequently underdiagnosed and undertreated leading to significant maternal morbidity and adverse child outcomes. When identified, postpartum depression is usually treated as major depressive disorder. Many studies have identified the postpartum as a period of high risk for first presentations and relapses of bipolar disorder. Areas Covered: This article reviews the acute and prophylactic treatment of postpartum major depressive disorder, bipolar depression and major depressive disorder with mixed features...
November 28, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892674/the-investigation-of-risk-factors-impacting-breast-cancer-in-guilan-province
#19
Joukar Farahnaz, Ahmadnia Zahra, Atrkar-Roushan Zahra, Hasavari Farideh, Rahimi Abbas
Introduction: Breast cancer is multifactorial therefore more recognition of risk factors is important in its prevention. Objective: This study was conducted in order to determine the factors influencing breast cancer in women referred to health centers in Guilan province in 2015-2016. Method: In a case- control study, 225 women with breast cancer were investigated. The control group consisted of 225 healthy women of the relatives (third-rank) whose phone numbers were obtained from the patients. Data were collected through telephone interviews...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892664/breast-cancer-and-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-in-argentinean-women-addressing-missing-data-in-a-case-control-study
#20
Julia Becaria Coquet, Natalia Tumas, Alberto Ruben Osella, Matteo Tanzi, Isabella Franco, Maria Del Pilar Diaz
A number of studies have evidenced the effect of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet, breastfeeding and nutritional status on breast cancer risk. However, none have addressed the missing data problem in nutritional epidemiologic research in South America. Missing data is a frequent problem in breast cancer studies and epidemiological settings in general. Estimates of effect obtained from these studies may be biased, if no appropriate method for handling missing data is applied. We performed Multiple Imputation for missing values on covariates in a breast cancer case-control study of Córdoba (Argentina) to optimize risk estimates...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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