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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931088/an-integrated-nutrition-and-health-program-package-on-iycn-improves-breastfeeding-but-not-complementary-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-rural-northern-india-a-quasi-experimental-randomized-longitudinal-study
#1
Veena Singh, Saifuddin Ahmed, Michele L Dreyfuss, Usha Kiran, Deepika N Chaudhery, Vinod K Srivastava, Ramesh C Ahuja, Abdullah H Baqui, Gary L Darmstadt, Mathuram Santosham, Keith P West
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition below two years of age remains a major public health problem in India. We conducted an evaluation of an integrated nutrition and health program that aimed to improve nutritional status of young children by improving breast and complementary feeding practices over that offered by the Government of India's standard nutrition and health care program. METHODS: In Uttar Pradesh state, through multi-stage cluster random sampling, 81 villages in an intervention district and 84 villages in a comparison district were selected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930818/factors-affecting-breastfeeding-adherence-among-chinese-mothers-a-multicenter-study
#2
Pan Huang, Jianhua Ren, Yi Liu, Biru Luo, Xiufang Zhao
Breastfeeding is beneficial for both infant and mother, but discontinuation of breastfeeding is very common.To investigate maternal breastfeeding intention and the rate of breastfeeding based on the theory of reasoned action, and analyze the predominant factors associated with breastfeeding and breastfeeding problems.This observational study was conducted in 3 hospitals. Three researchers recruited women at 3 time points in the hospitals: initial documentation of pregnancy at the outpatient department, prenatal admission, and postpartum discharge...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930483/breastfeeding-characteristics-of-late-preterm-infants-in-a-kangaroo-mother-care-unit
#3
Melissa Pike, Alta Kritzinger, Esedra Krüger
OBJECTIVE: To describe the breastfeeding characteristics of late-preterm infants (LPIs) in a kangaroo mother care (KMC) unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a 20-bed KMC unit, the breastfeeding of 73 purposively-selected LPIs' (mean gestational age: 34.8 weeks) was observed once-off, using the Preterm Infant Breastfeeding Behavior Scale. Participants' mean age was 9.5 days, mean number of days in the unit was 3.1 days, and mean number of days breastfeeding was 7.5 on observation...
September 20, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930480/health-facility-staff-training-for-improving-breastfeeding-outcome-a-systematic-review-for-step-2-of-the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative
#4
Olukunmi O Balogun, Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Jennifer Yourkavitch, Katharina da Silva Lopes, Maiko Suto, Yo Takemoto, Rintaro Mori, Pura Rayco-Solon, Erika Ota
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) implemented through the "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" has been widely promoted as an intervention that improves breastfeeding rates. Step 2 requires the training of all healthcare staff in skills that are necessary to implement the policy. This systematic review provides evidence about the effect of training healthcare staff in hospitals and birth centers on breastfeeding outcomes. Randomized controlled trials (RCT), quasi-RCT, and controlled before and after (CBA) studies comparing training of healthcare staff on breastfeeding and supportive feeding practices with no training were included in this review...
September 20, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929490/histological-subtypes-of-ovarian-cancer-associated-with-parity-and-breastfeeding-in-the-prospective-million-women-study
#5
Kezia Gaitskell, Jane Green, Kirstin Pirie, Isobel Barnes, Carol Hermon, Gillian K Reeves, Valerie Beral
Ovarian cancer risk is known to be reduced amongst women who have had children, but reported associations with breastfeeding are varied. Few studies have had sufficient power to explore reliably these associations by tumour histotype. In a prospective study of 1.1 million UK women, 8719 developed ovarian cancer during follow-up. Cox regression yielded adjusted relative risks (RRs) overall and by tumour histotype amongst women with different childbearing patterns. Nulliparous women had a 24% greater ovarian cancer risk than women with one child, with significant heterogeneity by histotype (p=0...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928347/improving-breastfeeding-medicine-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-student-survey-and-extensive-curriculum-review-with-suggestions-for-improvement
#6
Anna J Gary, Erin E Birmingham, Laurie B Jones
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding education should be incorporated routinely into medical school curricula. Despite strong evidence supporting exclusive breastfeeding of infants, lack of physician education has continued to undermine the practice of breastfeeding. Protecting and supporting breastfeeding should be a public health priority as it has the potential to save billions of dollars in health care and also provide the most benefit to the newborn infant. The purpose of this article was to evaluate how the United States undergraduate medical institution incorporates breastfeeding medicine into its curriculum and to suggest modifications that will improve breastfeeding education at all undergraduate medical institutions...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926440/epidural-labor-analgesia-fentanyl-dose-and-breastfeeding-success-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Amy I Lee, Robert J McCarthy, Paloma Toledo, Mary Jane Jones, Nancy White, Cynthia A Wong
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an important public health concern. High cumulative doses of epidural fentanyl administered for labor analgesia have been reported to be associated with early termination of breastfeeding. We tested the hypothesis that breastfeeding success is adversely influenced by the cumulative epidural fentanyl dose administered for labor analgesia. METHODS: The study was a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial of parous women at greater than 38 weeks gestation who planned to breastfeed, had successfully breastfed a prior infant, and who received neuraxial labor analgesia...
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926438/labor-epidural-analgesia-and-breastfeeding
#8
David H Chestnut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926436/anesthesia-breastfeeding-more-often-than-not-they-are-compatible
#9
Jonathan P Wanderer, James P Rathmell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926409/effects-of-concurrent-exposure-to-antiretrovirals-and-cotrimoxazole-prophylaxis-among-hiv-exposed-uninfected-infants
#10
Alexander C Ewing, Caroline C King, Jeffrey B Wiener, Charles S Chasela, Michael G Hudgens, Debbie Kamwendo, Gerald Tegha, Mina C Hosseinipour, Denise J Jamieson, Charles Van der Horst, Athena P Kourtis
BACKGROUND: Given the potential of Cotrimoxazole preventive therapy (CPT) to prevent bacterial and malarial infections in HIV exposed, uninfected (HEU) infants, it is important to evaluate the effects of its concurrent use with ARV agents that have overlapping toxicity profiles. METHODS: We used data from the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals and Nutrition-BAN study (2004-2010) to evaluate the association of CPT and ARV with hematologic measures (hemoglobin, neutrophil, and alanine aminotransferase levels) from 6 to 48 weeks of age in 2,006 HEU infants in Lilongwe, Malawi...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926284/herbal-use-during-breastfeeding
#11
Philip O Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926281/e-learning-to-improve-healthcare-professionals-attitudes-and-practices-on-breastfeeding
#12
Sofia Colaceci, Angela Giusti, Elise M Chapin, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Alessia De Angelis, Francesca Zambri, Ercole Vellone, Rosaria Alvaro, Barbara De Mei
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding training has a crucial role in increasing healthcare professionals' attitudes and in improving professional support for breastfeeding. The collaboration between the Italian National Institute of Health, UNICEF, and the Local Health Authority of Milan has led to the development of an online course on lactation and infant feeding practices. AIM: To assess if the course was effective in improving healthcare professionals' attitudes and practices (APs)...
September 19, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925766/correlation-of-types-of-food-and-asthma-diagnosis-in-childhood-a-case-control-study
#13
Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Rita Abou Abdallah, Rabih Hallit, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND: Studies concerning asthma in Lebanon investigated environmental and personal factors but none of them took into account the effect of nutritional habits. Our objective is to assess the effect of nutritional habits on asthma and allergies in Lebanese children aged between 3-16 years old. METHODS: This is a case-control study, conducted between December 2015 and April 2016. The Food Frequency Questionnaire was composed of 16 semi-quantitative questions covering different food categories...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925410/adiponectin-leptin-and-insulin-in-breast-milk-associations-with-maternal-characteristics-and-infant-body-composition-in-the-first-year-of-life
#14
D Chan, S Goruk, A B Becker, P Subbarao, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, D Lefebvre, M R Sears, C J Field, M B Azad
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding may protect against excessive weight gain during infancy. However, the breast milk components responsible for this effect are unknown. We examined the variation of three breast milk hormones (adiponectin, leptin and insulin) according to maternal characteristics and determined their association with infant body composition. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We studied a representative subset of 430 breastfed infants in the CHILD birth cohort...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925019/inclusion-of-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women-in-research-efforts-and-initiatives
#15
Sílvia M Illamola, Christina Bucci-Rechtweg, Maged M Costantine, Katerina Tsilou, Catherine M Sherwin, Anne Zajicek
Pregnant and breastfeeding women have been rendered therapeutic orphans as they have been historically excluded from clinical trials. Labeling for most approved drugs does not provide information about safety and efficacy during pregnancy. This lack of data is mainly due to ethico-legal challenges that have remained entrenched in the post-diethylstilbestrol and thalidomide era, and that have led to pregnancy being viewed in the clinical trial setting primarily through a pharmacovigilance lens. Policy considerations that encourage and/or require the inclusion of pregnant or lactating women in clinical trials may address the current lack of available information...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924642/breastfeeding-un-covered-narratives-of-public-breastfeeding-on-romanian-discussion-forums
#16
Diana Tăut
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the construction of breastfeeding in public, as depicted in the stories and the opinions of women participating in discussions on public forums. METHOD: There were 8 discussion forums selected, from which 769 messages were subjected to a narrative analysis further informed by recurrent themes identified in the literature and across messages. The emerging narratives were grouped based on their valence, and three broader categories of themes were formed, highlighting the predominant tone towards breastfeeding in public...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924478/a-rare-cause-of-metabolic-acidosis-ketoacidosis-in-a-non-diabetic-lactating-woman
#17
Gordon Sloan, Amjad Ali, Jonathan Webster
Ketoacidosis occurring during lactation has been described infrequently. The condition is incompletely understood, but it appears to be associated with a combination of increased metabolic demands during lactation, reduction in carbohydrate intake and acute illness. We present a case of a 27-year-old woman, 8 weeks post-partum, who was exclusively breastfeeding her child whilst following a low carbohydrate diet. She developed gastroenteritis and was unable to tolerate an oral diet for several days. She presented with severe metabolic acidosis on admission with a blood 3-hydroxybutyrate of 5...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924276/frequency-and-determinants-of-malnutrition-in-children-aged-between-6-to-59-months-in-district-tharparkar-a-rural-area-of-sindh
#18
Shahid Ahsan, Naveed Mansoori, Syed Maqsood Mohiuddin, Syed Muhammad Mubeen, Rubab Saleem, Muhammad Irfanullah
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of children living in Tharparkar. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in four villages of Tharparkar district of Sindh, Pakistan, in 2014, and comprised children aged between 6 and 59 months. Data was collected from mothers and anthropometry of children was done using standard techniques. Nutritional status was assessed by using age- and sex-specific World Health Organisation standard charts for underweight, stunting and wasting...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924062/national-trends-in-pediatricians-practices-and-attitudes-about-breastfeeding-1995-to-2014
#19
Lori Feldman-Winter, Kinga Szucs, Aubri Milano, Elizabeth Gottschlich, Blake Sisk, Richard J Schanler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has affirmed breastfeeding as the preferred method of infant feeding; however, there has been little systematic examination of how pediatricians' recommendations, affiliated hospitals' policies, counseling practices, and attitudes toward breastfeeding have shifted over the past 2 decades. These trends were examined from 1995 to 2014. METHODS: Data are from the Periodic Survey (PS) of Fellows, a nationally representative survey of AAP members...
September 18, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924061/pediatrician-competency-in-breastfeeding-support-has-room-for-improvement
#20
Joan Younger Meek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Pediatrics
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