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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343092/the-impact-of-cumulative-pain-stress-on-neurobehavioral-development-of-preterm-infants-in-the-nicu
#1
Xiaomei Cong, Jing Wu, Dorothy Vittner, Wanli Xu, Naveed Hussain, Shari Galvin, Megan Fitzsimons, Jacqueline M McGrath, Wendy A Henderson
BACKGROUND: Vulnerable preterm infants experience repeated and prolonged pain/stress stimulation during a critical period in their development while in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The contribution of cumulative pain/stressors to altered neurodevelopment remains unclear. The study purpose was to investigate the impact of early life painful/stressful experiences on neurobehavioral outcomes of preterm infants in the NICU. METHODS: A prospective exploratory study was conducted with fifty preterm infants (28 0/7-32 6/7weeks gestational age) recruited at birth and followed for four weeks...
March 23, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342623/mother-newborn-health-indicators-in-possible-victims-of-gender-based-violence-during-pregnancy
#2
Juan Miguel Martínez-Galiano
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy increases the risk of gender-based violence, considered an underdiagnosed public health problem. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the situation of possible gender-based violence in the pregnant woman and variables related to pregnancy, labor, puerperium, and newborn health. DESIGN: An observational multicenter study. SETTINGS: Three Spanish hospitals during 2015. PARTICIPANTS: 141 pregnant women in which information is collected sociodemographic variables and data related to pregnancy, labor, and puerperium were gathered by interview and from clinical records...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340001/early-life-origin-of-intestinal-inflammatory-disorders
#3
Delphine Ley, Jean-Luc Desseyn, Mona Mischke, Jan Knol, Dominique Turck, Frédéric Gottrand
A growing body of evidence supports the concept of perinatal programming through which the perinatal environment affects the development of the fetus and infant, thereby modifying the risk profile for disease later in life. Increasing attention is focusing on the role of the early environment in the development of chronic intestinal disorders. Epidemiological studies have highlighted the link between perinatal factors, such as breastfeeding, cesarean delivery, and antibiotic use, and an increased risk for inflammatory bowel disease and/or celiac disease...
March 7, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338750/association-of-maternal-plasma-folate-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-pregnancy-with-elevated-blood-pressure-of-offspring-in-childhood
#4
Hongjian Wang, Noel T Mueller, Jianping Li, Ninglin Sun, Yong Huo, Fazheng Ren, Xiaobin Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood elevated blood pressure (BP) has increased in the United States, particularly among African Americans. The influence of maternal plasma folate levels, alone or in combination with maternal cardiometabolic risk factors (hypertensive disorders, diabetes, and prepregnancy obesity), on child systolic BP (SBP) has not been examined in a prospective birth cohort. We hypothesize that adequate maternal folate levels can reduce the risk of elevated SBP in children born to mothers with cardiometabolic risk factors...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338485/creation-of-a-regional-human-milk-assembly-a-model-to-influence-practice-and-policy-change-in-the-nicu
#5
Diane L Spatz, Amanda Evans, Elizabeth Froh
BACKGROUND: The 2011 Surgeon General's Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding highlights a need for optimizing lactation-based education for all health professionals; however, few schools of nursing and medicine offer lactation-based curriculum. In an effort to address these gaps in education and care, the director of the lactation program at a large urban children's hospital developed and instituted the annual regional Human Milk Assembly (HMA), a half-day collaborative meeting of the hospital's regional and referral hospitals' neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nursing staff, to address lactation-based educational and training needs of all participating institutions...
March 23, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338027/molar-incisor-hypomineralisation
#6
Greig D Taylor
Data sourcesThe Medline and Embase databases and hand searches in the journals International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry and European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry.Study selectionEnglish language cohort and case-control studies.Data extraction and synthesisStudy selection was carried out independently by two reviewers with data abstraction being conducted by a single reviewer and checked by a second reviewer. Risk of bias was assessed using a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Adjusted (aOR) and unadjusted odds ratios (uOR), P-values and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained from the studies...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337028/modifiable-risk-factors-of-maternal-postpartum-weight-retention-an-analysis-of-their-combined-impact-and-potential-opportunities-for-prevention
#7
J L Hollis, S R Crozier, H M Inskip, C Cooper, K M Godfrey, N C Harvey, C E Collins, S M Robinson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy triggers a physiological change in weight status. Postpartum weight retention in the childbearing years can substantially alter a woman's weight gain trajectory, with several potential contributing factors identified. Most research has relied on women's recall of pre-pregnancy weight during pregnancy or later, and not considered risk factors in combination. Using measured pre-pregnancy weight, this study aimed to examine the associations of maternal postpartum weight retention with parity, pre-pregnancy BMI, excessive gestational weight gain (GWG), maternal serum vitamin D concentration and dietary Glycaemic Index in early and late pregnancy and breastfeeding duration, including analysis of the combined impact of potentially modifiable risk factors...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335737/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-hiv-infected-versus-non-infected-infants-and-hiv-disease-progression-in-cytomegalovirus-infected-versus-non-infected-infants-early-treated-with-cart-in-the-anrs-12140-pediacam-study-in-cameroon
#8
Anfumbom K W Kfutwah, Paul Alain T Ngoupo, Casimir Ledoux Sofeu, Francis Ateba Ndongo, Georgette Guemkam, Suzie Tetang Ndiang, Félicité Owona, Ida Calixte Penda, Patrice Tchendjou, Christine Rouzioux, Josiane Warszawski, Albert Faye, Mathurin Cyrille Tejiokem
BACKGROUND: The outcome of CMV/HIV co-infection in infants treated early with combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in resource-limited settings has not been described. We aimed to estimate the prevalence and identify factors associated with early CMV infection in HIV-infected and non-infected infants included in a study in Cameroon, and to compare HIV disease progression and survival after 1 year of early cART, following infants' CMV status. METHODS: HIV-infected infants followed from birth or from HIV diagnosis before 7 months old and HIV-uninfected infants born to HIV-infected or uninfected mothers were tested for CMV at a median age of 4...
March 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334898/changing-knowledge-and-practices-of-mothers-on-newborn-care-through-mother-class-an-intervention-study-in-indonesia
#9
Narila Mutia Nasir, Yuli Amran, Yasuhide Nakamura
Poor knowledge and practices of newborn care may contribute to high neonatal mortality. This study aims to analyze the effect of prenatal education, namely 'mother class', on knowledge and practices of newborn care among mothers in Tangerang Selatan District, Indonesia. An intervention study with a quasi-experimental design was conducted. Using a questionnaire, 427 mothers were interviewed: an intervention group (n = 214) that attended mother class and a control group (n = 213) that had not. A home visit followed the intervention to assess newborn care practices...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333552/treatment-of-multiple-sclerosis-during-pregnancy-safety-considerations
#10
Jan Thone, Sandra Thiel, Ralf Gold, Kerstin Hellwig
Women with multiple sclerosis (MS) are treated early in the disease course with disease modifying therapies (DMT). Updated information is needed on pregnancy outcomes of DMT-exposed pregnancies and the effect of the drug withdrawal on MS disease activity. Areas covered: In this review, we will cover the most important updated management strategies in planning a pregnancy when having MS. Expert opinion: MS itself does not increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and does not negatively influence the long-term course of the disease...
March 23, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332940/longitudinal-cancer-risk-management-trajectories-of-brca1-2-mutation-positive-reproductive-age-women
#11
Jennifer Louise Young, Allison Werner-Lin, Rebecca Mueller, Lindsey Hoskins, Norman Epstein, Mark H Greene
Young women with BRCA1/2 mutations face difficult health-care decisions regarding family formation, fertility, breastfeeding, and whether/when to undergo cancer risk-reducing surgery. This longitudinal qualitative study investigated these life choices during the reproductive years. We conducted two semistructured interviews over three years with 12 reproductive-age BRCA1/2-positive women. Researchers coded transcripts to examine the evolution of risk perceptions, risk management, and family planning decisions...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332103/parental-behaviors-and-sleep-wake-patterns-of-infants-and-toddlers-in-hong-kong-china
#12
Xin-Ting Yu, Avi Sadeh, Hugh Simon Lam, Jodi A Mindell, Albert Martin Li
BACKGROUND: To describe the sleep patterns of children below 36 months in Hong Kong, and evaluate the associations between parental behaviors and childhood sleep/wake patterns. METHODS: Parents of 1049 infants and toddlers completed an internet-based expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. RESULTS: Total sleep duration (P<0.001), frequency (P<0.001) and duration (P<0.001) of nocturnal awakenings decreased with age, whereas the longest sleep duration (P<0...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331252/quality-of-antenatal-care-provided-by-nurse-midwives-in-an-urban-health-centre-with-regard-to-low-risk-antenatal-mothers
#13
Ruby Angeline Pricilla, Kirubah Vasandhi David, Rajeswari Siva, T Jeni Christal Vimala, Sajitha Parveen Mf Rahman, Nancy Angeline
BACKGROUND: India contributes to 19% of the global maternal deaths. Good quality antenatal care can prevent maternal deaths by early detection of complications and maintaining maternal health. There are few studies documenting quality of antenatal care in India. This study aimed to document the antenatal services provided by nurse midwives to low-risk pregnant mothers from an urban population. AIMS: The primary objective was to describe the quality of the antenatal care provided by nurse midwives of an urban health centre with regard to low-risk mothers...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329641/differences-in-incidence-and-persistence-of-atopic-dermatitis-by-race-ethnicity
#14
M Blomberg, S L Rifas-Shiman, Ca Jr Camargo, D R Gold, J P Thyssen, A A Litonjua, M W Gillman, M M Asgari, E Oken
BackgroundMost studies on racial disparities in childhood atopic dermatitis (AD) did not consider persistent AD or account for differences in vitamin D status.MethodsAmong 1418 children recruited from a Massachusetts HMO into the pre-birth Project Viva cohort, we examined associations of child's race/ethnicity with maternal report of child's AD diagnosis by annual questionnaires. We used multivariable logistic regression adjusted for socio- demographics (maternal education, household income, smoking exposure, parental atopy, breastfeeding duration, child sex) and cord blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D, to estimate odds ratios (OR) of incident AD by early childhood (median age 3...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329433/understanding-maternal-postpartum-needs-a-descriptive-survey-of-current-maternal-health-services
#15
Mona Ma Almalik
OBJECTIVE: To assess mothers' learning needs and concerns after giving birth and to examine whether these needs were met at 6-8 weeks postpartum. BACKGROUND: Women experience many physiologic and psychological changes during postpartum period which is considered a vital transitional time. Exploring and meeting women's needs help woman to pass this period with little complications and enhance health care provider's ability to provide appropriate care following childbirth...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328065/randomised-controlled-trial-demonstrates-that-fermented-infant-formula-with-short-chain-galacto-oligosaccharides-and-long-chain-fructo-oligosaccharides-reduces-the-incidence-of-infantile-colic
#16
Yvan Vandenplas, Thomas Ludwig, Hetty Bouritius, Philippe Alliet, Derek Forde, Stefaan Peeters, Frederic Huet, Jonathan Hourihane
AIM: We examined the effects on gastrointestinal tolerance of a novel infant formula that combined specific fermented formula (FERM) with short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS), with a 9:1 ratio and concentration of 0.8g/100ml. METHODS: This prospective, double-blind, randomised, controlled trial comprised 432 healthy, term infants aged 0-28 days whose parents decided to not start, or discontinued,, breastfeeding...
March 22, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327839/-sociocultural-factors-determinants-of-eating-habits-of-kindergarten-schoolchildren-in-peru
#17
Rocío González-Jiménez, Fátima León-Larios, Mercedes Lomas-Campos, María-Jesús Albar
To examine the sociocultural factors that determine the eating habits of children aged less than 5 years who attend kindergarten school in Chachapoyas in Peru, we carried out a qualitative study by means of semi-structured interviews of 18 fathers and mothers. The key factors related to eating habits were as follows: availability and easiness to prepare foods, schedule and work done by parents, intake of coffee in children as a common practice, lack of resources and economic uncertainty for food planning, and the lack of nutritional knowledge...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327104/characterizing-early-child-growth-patterns-of-height-for-age-in-an-urban-slum-cohort-of-bangladesh-with-functional-principal-component-analysis
#18
Yin Zhang, Jianhui Zhou, Feiyang Niu, Jeffrey R Donowitz, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri, Jennie Z Ma
BACKGROUND: Early childhood is a critical stage of physical and cognitive growth that forms the foundation of future wellbeing. Stunted growth is presented in one of every 4 children worldwide and contributes to developmental impairment and under-five mortality. Better understanding of early growth patterns should allow for early detection and intervention in malnutrition. We aimed to characterize early child growth patterns and quantify the change of growth curves from the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards...
March 21, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326807/perception-of-not-having-enough-milk-and-actual-milk-production-of-first-time-breastfeeding-mothers-is-there-a-difference
#19
Roseline Galipeau, Louise Dumas, Mario Lepage
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived insufficient milk supply (PIMS) and actual insufficient milk supply (AIMS) and the relative contributions of physiological and psychosocial variables on both PIMS and AIMS of first-time breastfeeding mothers. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Data were collected among 123 breastfeeding mothers at a Canadian, French-speaking maternal care hospital. Birth events, breastfeeding practices, infant and maternal capacities, and PIMS and AIMS were collected at 48 hours after birth, postnatal weeks 2 and 6...
March 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326806/the-results-of-an-intensive-branding-initiative-a-new-web-design-and-communications-tools-for-the-academy-of-breastfeeding-medicine
#20
Julie Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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