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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535448/bipolar-postpartum-depression-an-update-and-recommendations
#1
REVIEW
Verinder Sharma, Minakshi Doobay, Christine Baczynski
BACKGROUND: Over the past few years there has been a surge of interest in the study of bipolar postpartum depression (PPD); however, questions remain about its prevalence, screening, clinical features, and treatment. METHODS: Three electronic databases, MEDLINE/PubMed (1966-2016), PsycINFO (1806-2016), and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, were searched using a combination of the keywords bipolar, depression, postpartum, peripartum, prevalence, screening, diagnosis, treatment, drugs, and psychotherapy...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535171/cumulative-lactation-and-onset-of-hypertension-in-african-american-women
#2
Ellen M Chetwynd, Alison M Stuebe, Lynn Rosenberg, Melissa Troester, Diane Rowley, Julie R Palmer
Hypertension affects nearly one of three women and contributes to cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in the United States. Breastfeeding leads to metabolic changes that could reduce risks of hypertension. Hypertension disproportionately affects black women, but rates of breastfeeding lag behind the general population. In the Black Women's Health Study (N = 59,001), we conducted a nested case control analysis using unconditional logistic regression to estimate the association between breastfeeding and incident hypertension at ages 40-65 using data collected from 1995 to 2011...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530897/peripartum-depression-early-recognition-improves-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Margaret M Howard, Niharika D Mehta, Raymond Powrie
Depression is highly prevalent in women of childbearing age, especially during the postpartum period. Early recognition and treatment improve outcomes for mother, developing fetus, and infant. Caution is warranted when prescribing antidepressants to pregnant and breastfeeding mothers, but evidence is mounting that the risks of untreated maternal depression outweigh those of pharmacologic treatment for it.
May 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530453/two-case-studies-illustrating-a-shared-decision-making-approach-to-illicit-methamphetamine-use-and-breastfeeding
#4
Julie Blandthorn, Katie James, Ellen Bowman, Yvonne Bonomo, Lisa H Amir
Crystal methamphetamine (MA) is a potent psycho-stimulant that is increasingly used worldwide. It is highly addictive, is often made in clandestine laboratories, and can cause serious health issues in adults. Health professionals caring for women in the perinatal period must counsel women about the health risks to infants if they are exposed to MA in breast milk. Most guidelines recommend that women who have current or recent MA use do not breastfeed. This article explores approaches to breastfeeding advice in the context of MA use...
May 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529088/pilot-test-of-a-home-based-program-to-prevent-perceived-insufficient-milk
#5
Natsuko K Wood, Elizabeth A Sanders, Frances M Lewis, Nancy F Woods, Susan T Blackburn
PROBLEM: Although the World Health Organization and American Academy of Pediatrics recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months, only 22% of U.S. mothers do so. Mothers' perceived insufficient milk (PIM) is the primary reason for breastfeeding discontinuation globally. There are two changeable causes of PIM: (1) mothers' misinterpretation of their infant's behavior, and (2) mothers' lack of confidence in their ability to breastfeed. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term effect of a home-based intervention designed to prevent and/or reduce PIM...
May 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529017/proatherogenic-lipid-profile-in-early-childhood-association-with-weight-status-at-4-years-and-parental-obesity
#6
Isolina Riaño-Galán, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Cristina Rodríguez-Dehli, Damaskini Valvi, Martine Vrijheid, Adonina Tardón
OBJECTIVES: To determine lipid profiles in early childhood and evaluate their association with weight status at 4 years of age. Additionally, we evaluated whether the risk of overweight or having an altered lipid profile was associated with parental weight status. STUDY DESIGN: Five hundred eighty two mothers and their 4-year-old children from 2 Spanish population-based cohorts were studied. Weight status in children at 4 years of age was classified as overweight or obese using the International Obesity Task Force criteria...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527745/early-life-protein-intake-food-sources-correlates-and-tracking-across-the-first-5-years-of-life
#7
Karen J Campbell, Gavin Abbott, Miaobing Zheng, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: High consumption of protein has been associated with accelerated growth and adiposity in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To describe intake, food sources, correlates, and tracking of protein in young children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). Dietary data were collected using three 24-hour dietary recalls at ages 9 and 18 months as well as 3.5 and 5 years. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: First-time mothers and their child (n=542) participated in an 18-month intervention to prevent childhood obesity and the cohort was followed-up with no intervention when children were aged 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525984/study-protocol-evaluation-of-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-fermentum-cect5716-for-the-prevention-of-mastitis-in-breastfeeding-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Diana M Bond, Jonathan M Morris, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: Mastitis and accompanying pain have been associated with the cessation of breastfeeding. Mastitis is an inflammatory condition of the breast and may be a result of decreased immunity and a lowered resistance to infection. Mastitis affects up to one in five breastfeeding women with most episodes occurring in the first 6-8 weeks postpartum. Antibiotics are often used in the treatment of mastitis, but have not been popular or proven effective as a preventative agent. The WHO has highlighted significant concerns relating to adverse harms of antibiotic use with the production of antibiotic-resistant strains of disease organisms...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523877/mother-nature-in-eczema-maternal-factors-influencing-atopic-dermatitis
#9
REVIEW
Alexandra R Vaughn, Paige Tannhauser, Raja K Sivamani, Vivian Y Shi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a highly prevalent chronic inflammatory skin disease. Current knowledge about the etiology of AD suggests that it is multifactorial and involves the interaction of several factors, including environmental triggers, genetics, immunologic factors, and skin barrier dysfunction. The prenatal environment has a significant influence on fetal development, including the maturation of skin barrier function. This review summarizes maternal factors that have been reported to influence the development of AD in offspring, including maternal genetics, nutrition, breastfeeding, environment, and behaviors...
May 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521324/the-role-of-hydrolyzed-formula-in-allergy-prevention
#10
Michael D Cabana
Asthma, eczema, food allergy, and allergic rhinitis are some of the most common pediatric, chronic conditions in the world. Breastfeeding is the optimal way to feed all infants. For those infants who are exposed to infant formula, some studies suggest that certain partially hydrolyzed or extensively hydrolyzed formulas may decrease the risk of allergic disease compared to nonhydrolyzed formulas for children with a family history of atopic disease. Overall, there is some evidence to suggest that partially hydrolyzed whey formulas and extensively hydrolyzed casein formulas may decrease the risk of developing eczema for infants at high risk of allergic disease...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521318/breastfeeding-childhood-asthma-and-allergic-disease
#11
Wendy H Oddy
The worldwide prevalence of childhood asthma has been increasing considerably, and the protection afforded by breastfeeding in its development has been the subject of controversy for more than 80 years. Previous systematic reviews have generally found a protective effect of breastfeeding on allergic outcomes, although many studies have methodological limitations. Although breastfeeding is protective against lower respiratory tract infection during infancy, such protection has not been demonstrated for asthma in all studies...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521316/introduction-of-complementary-foods-to-infants
#12
Christina West
While earlier food allergy prevention strategies implemented avoidance of allergenic foods in infancy, the current paradigm is shifting from avoidance to controlled exposure. This review focuses on the outcome of recent randomized controlled trials, which have examined the early introduction of allergenic foods for allergy prevention, and discusses the implementation of results in clinical practice. In infants at high risk of allergic disease, there is now direct evidence that regular early peanut consumption will reduce the prevalence of peanut allergy, compared to avoidance...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520700/fda-warns-against-use-of-codeine-and-tramadol-in-children-and-breastfeeding-women
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520483/effect-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-disparities-in-breastfeeding-the-case-of-maine
#14
Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Alice Noble, Christopher F Baum
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the Affordable Care Act (ACA) breastfeeding provision and test whether changes in coverage affected women differently according to health insurance status. METHODS: We used the All-Payer Claims Database from Maine (2012-2014) to compare health insurance claims for lactation classes and breast pumps between women with private insurance and women with Medicaid (1) before the ACA breastfeeding provision, (2) after the provision came into effect, and (3) after health insurance expansion through the Marketplace...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28519244/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-update-on-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategies
#15
Genny Raffaeli, Giacomo Cavallaro, K Karel Allegaert, Enno Diederik Wildschut, Monica Fumagalli, Massimo Agosti, Dick Tibboel, Fabio Mosca
Substance use among pregnant women is a major public health issue. Both prescription opioid use and illicit opioid abuse have increased dramatically in recent years. Prolonged in utero drug exposure may result in neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), an acute multisystemic clinical entity that occurs in the first days of life. This syndrome is caused by abrupt discontinuation of fetal exposure to licit or illicit drugs chronically consumed by the mother during pregnancy and transmitted to the fetus through the placenta...
May 18, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515063/learning-to-like-vegetables-during-breastfeeding-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-lactating-mothers-and-infants
#16
Julie A Mennella, Loran M Daniels, Ashley R Reiter
Background: What lactating mothers eat flavors breast milk and, in turn, modifies their infants' acceptance of similarly flavored foods.Objective: We sought to determine the effects of the timing and duration of eating a variety of vegetables during breastfeeding on the liking of vegetables in both members of the dyad.Design: We conducted a randomized controlled study of 97 mother-infant dyads. Lactating mothers drank vegetable, beet, celery, and carrot juices for 1 mo beginning at 0.5, 1.5, or 2.5 mo postpartum or for 3 mo beginning at 0...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514320/preoperative-warming-versus-no-preoperative-warming-for-maintenance-of-normothermia-in-women-receiving-intrathecal-morphine-for-cesarean-delivery-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Judy Munday, Sonya Osborne, Patsy Yates, David Sturgess, Lee Jones, Edward Gosden
BACKGROUND: Rates of hypothermia for women undergoing spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery are high and prevention is desirable. This trial compared the effectiveness of preoperative warming versus usual care among women receiving intrathecal morphine, which is thought to exacerbate perioperative heat loss. METHODS: A prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial compared 20 minutes of forced air warming (plus intravenous fluid warming) versus no active preoperative warming (plus intravenous fluid warming) in 50 healthy American Society of Anesthesiologists graded II women receiving intrathecal morphine as part of spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery...
May 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514046/systematic-review-early-infant-feeding-practices-and-the-risk-of-wheat-allergy
#18
Anna Chmielewska, Małgorzata Pieścik-Lech, Raanan Shamir, Hania Szajewska
AIM: Wheat is a common allergen. Early feeding practices (breastfeeding, potentially allergenic foods) might affect the risk of allergy. To systematically evaluate the association between early feeding practices and the risk of wheat allergy and sensitisation. METHODS: Five databases were searched for studies of any design up to July 2015. RESULTS: We included seven studies (five observational, low to moderate quality, two randomised controlled trials (RCTs), high quality)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513622/human-milk-insulin-is-related-to-maternal-plasma-insulin-and-bmi-but-other-components-of-human-milk-do-not-differ-by-bmi
#19
B E Young, Z Patinkin, C Palmer, B de la Houssaye, L A Barbour, T Hernandez, J E Friedman, N F Krebs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The impact of maternal BMI and insulin sensitivity on bioactive components of human milk (HM) is not well understood. As the prevalence of obesity and diabetes rises, it is increasingly critical that we understand how maternal BMI and hormones associated with metabolic disease relate to concentrations of bioactive components in HM. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This longitudinal cohort design followed 48 breastfeeding mothers through the first four months of lactation, collecting fasting morning HM samples at 2-weeks and 1, 2, 3 and 4-months, and fasting maternal blood at 2-weeks and 4-months...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513383/fructose-intake-in-pregnancy-linked-to-childhood-obesity
#20
(no author information available yet)
A diet high in fructose-containing sugars during pregnancy or breastfeeding may increase children's chances of developing obesity or type 2 diabetes, new research results suggest.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
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