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"Evidence Based Practice"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544273/use-of-clinical-guidelines-in-remote-australia-a-realist-evaluation
#1
Sandeep Reddy, Victoria Orpin, Sally Herring, Stephanie Mackie-Schneider, Janet Struber
AIM: The aim of this evaluation was to assess the acceptability, accessibility, and compliance with the 2014 editions of the Remote Primary Health Care Manuals (RPHCM) in health care centres across remote areas of Northern and Central Australia. METHOD: To undertake a comprehensive evaluation that considered context, the evaluation used a realist evaluation framework. The evaluation used a variety of methods including interviews and survey to develop and test a programme theory...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542887/evidence-based-practice-cuts-both-ways
#2
Pamela H Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539947/development-of-a-diverse-learning-experience-for-diverse-psychiatry-resident-needs-a-four-year-biological-psychiatry-curriculum-incorporating-principles-of-neurobiology-psychopharmacology-and-evidence-based-practice
#3
Andrew J Muzyk, Jane P Gagliardi, Gopalkumar Rakesh, Michael R Jiroutek, Rajiv Radhakrishnan, Chi-Un Pae, Prakash S Masand, Steven T Szabo
OBJECTIVE: A clinically relevant approach to patient care grounded in neurobiological constructs and evidence based practice which emphasizes a relevant psychopharmacology is needed to optimally train psychiatry residents. METHODS: We implemented a biological psychiatry course that now incorporates neurobiology, psychopharmacology, and evidence-based practice in conjunction with a Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) perspective. A survey launched prior to course implementation and following each class session, served as the outcome metric of residents' attitudes toward the new curriculum and followed a baseline attitudinal survey designed to evaluate the program...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538461/dnp-preparation-in-supporting-critical-skills-for-magnet%C3%A2-program-directors
#4
Sarah Lackey
Magnet® organizations are required to identify a Magnet program director (MPD), who plays a critical role in attaining and maintaining Magnet designation. The evidence is sparse related to qualifications or recommended educational levels of those assuming an MPD role. In this article, the author discusses how one of the DNP Essentials, clinical scholarship and the use of analytical methods for evidence-based practice, is reported to prepare nurses for the MPD role.
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535804/housing-first-and-harm-reduction-a-rapid-review-and-document-analysis-of-the-us-and-canadian-open-access-literature
#5
REVIEW
Dennis P Watson, Valery Shuman, James Kowalsky, Elizabeth Golembiewski, Molly Brown
BACKGROUND: Housing First is an evidence-based practice intended to serve chronically homeless individuals with co-occurring serious mental illness and substance use disorders. Despite housing active substance users, harm reduction is an often-overlooked element during the Housing First implementation process in real-world settings. In this paper, we explore the representation of the Housing First model within the open-access scholarly literature as a potential contributing factor for this oversight...
May 23, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533823/high-school-teachers-openness-to-adopting-new-practices-the-role-of-personal-resources-and-organizational-climate
#6
Stacy R Johnson, Elise T Pas, Deanna Loh, Katrina J Debnam, Catherine P Bradshaw
Although evidence-based practices for students' social, emotional, and behavioral health are readily available, their adoption and quality implementation in schools are of increasing concern. Teachers are vital to implementation; yet, there is limited research on teachers' openness to adopting new practices, which may be essential to successful program adoption and implementation. The current study explored how perceptions of principal support, teacher affiliation, teacher efficacy, and burnout relate to teachers' openness to new practices...
March 2017: School Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532730/readiness-for-and-predictors-of-evidence-base-practice-in-greek-healthcare-settings
#7
Athina E Patelarou, Aggelos Laliotis, Hero Brokalaki, John Petrakis, Vassilis Dafermos, Evmorfia Koukia
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) remains limited in healthcare settings and knowledge of predictors of healthcare professionals' EBP activities is lacking. AIM: Describe nurses' readiness for EBP and identify related predictors in Greek healthcare settings we conducted a survey. RESULTS: Nurses scored high in the EBP readiness scale reflecting significant positive readiness toward EBP and consistently reported favourable attitudes toward and beliefs about EBP...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532206/the-clinical-use-of-arthur-boothroyd-ab-word-lists-in-australia-exploring-evidence-based-practice
#8
Andrew James Myles
OBJECTIVE: Limited empirical investigation exists validating the use of Arthur Boothroyd (AB) word recognition materials within the Australian clinical context. The current research was undertaken to examine the evidence base and clinical implementation/interpretation of AB words in Australia. DESIGN: An on-line 22-question survey was e-mailed to members of the peak audiology professional body in Australia. STUDY SAMPLE: Three hundred and twelve responses were recorded between April and June 2015 from audiologists of a range of ages, working in various clinical settings...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527235/implementing-the-icf-in-occupational-health-building-a-curriculum-as-an-exemplary-case
#9
C P M de Brouwer, L G P M van Amelsvoort, Y F Heerkens, G A M Widdershoven, I J Kant
BACKGROUND: This paper addresses the need for a paradigm shift from post-diagnosis tertiary care towards maintenance and promotion of health across the lifespan, for healthcare in general and in occupational healthcare specifically. It is based on the assumption that the realization of this paradigm shift may be facilitated by teaching (future) occupational health professionals to use the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). OBJECTIVE: Describing the development of a an ICF based occupational health curriculum...
May 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526667/patient-centered-decision-support-formative-usability-evaluation-of-integrated-clinical-decision-support-with-a-patient-decision-aid-for-minor-head-injury-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Edward R Melnick, Erik P Hess, George Guo, Maggie Breslin, Kevin Lopez, Anthony J Pavlo, Fuad Abujarad, Seth M Powsner, Lori A Post
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Computed Tomography (CT) Head Rule, a clinical decision rule designed to safely reduce imaging in minor head injury, has been rigorously validated and implemented, and yet expected decreases in CT were unsuccessful. Recent work has identified empathic care as a key component in decreasing CT overuse. Health information technology can hinder the clinician-patient relationship. Patient-centered decision tools to support the clinician-patient relationship are needed to promote evidence-based decisions...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525577/moving-triadic-gaze-intervention-into-practice-measuring-clinician-attitude-and-implementation-fidelity
#11
Julie Feuerstein, Lesley B Olswang, Kathryn Greenslade, Gay Lloyd Pinder, Patricia Dowden, Jodi Madden
Purpose: This research investigated a first step in implementing the dynamic assessment (DA) component of Triadic Gaze Intervention (Olswang, Feuerstein, Pinder, & Dowden, 2013; Olswang et al., 2014), an evidence-based protocol for teaching early signals of communication to young children with physical disabilities. Clinician attitudes about adopting external evidence into practice and implementation fidelity in DA protocol delivery were examined following training. Method: Seven early intervention clinicians from multiple disciplines were trained to deliver the four essential elements of the DA protocol: (a) provide communication opportunity, (b) recognize child's potentially communicative signal, (c) shape child's signal toward triadic gaze, and (d) reinforce with play...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524909/nonpharmacologic-pain-interventions-a-review-of-evidence-based-practices-for-reducing-chronic-cancer-pain%C3%A2
#12
Linda H Eaton, Jeannine M Brant, Karen McLeod, Chao Yeh
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common issue for patients with cancer and can be challenging to manage effectively. Healthcare professionals need to be knowledgeable about evidence-based nonpharmacologic interventions.
. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review critically appraises the strength and quality of the empirical evidence for nonpharmacologic interventions in reducing chronic cancer pain.
. METHODS: Intervention studies were critically appraised and summarized by an Oncology Nursing Society Putting Evidence Into Practice team of RNs, advanced practice nurses, and nurse scientists...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524892/palliative-radiation-therapy-knowledge-and-referrals-among-primary-care-providers
#13
Sydney Schone
Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Many individuals have significant symptoms related to this disease. Palliative radiation therapy (PRT) can relieve symptoms at the end of life for those with metastatic cancer. PRT is underused in treating patients with symptomatic cancer at the end of life, particularly in rural and remote settings, despite the evidence that supports it. The purpose of this evidence-based practice study is to (a) assess the knowledge of rural primary care providers about PRT, (b) disseminate evidence on the indications for PRT, and...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515984/improving-the-reporting-of-therapeutic-exercise-interventions-in-rehabilitation-research
#14
Phil Page, Barb Hoogenboom, Michael Voight
The foundation of evidence-based practice lies in clinical research, which is based on the utilization of the scientific method. The scientific method requires that all details of the experiment be provided in publications to support replication of the study in order to evaluate and validate the results. More importantly, clinical research can only be translated into practice when researchers provide explicit details of the study. Too often, rehabilitation exercise intervention studies lack the appropriate detail to allow clinicians to replicate the exercise protocol in their patient populations...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514331/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-migraine-recommendations-of-the-russian-experts
#15
V V Osipova, E G Filatova, A R Artemenko, E R Lebedeva, Yu Ye Azimova, N V Latysheva, A V Sergeev, A V Amelin, M I Koreshkina, K V Skorobogatyh, E V Ekusheva, M V Naprienko, Ye D Isaguljan, A P Rachin, Al B Danilov, O V Kurushina, V A Parfenov, G R Tabeeva, A B Gekht, N N Yahno
These recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment of migraine were elaborated by Russian headache experts in accordance with the evidence-based practice. Together with the latest classification, diagnostic principles and criteria of different clinical sub-forms the consensus contains basic data on migraine epidemiology, pathophysiological mechanisms, differential diagnosis and most effective and evidence based approaches to pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of migraine patients.
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510288/the-relationship-of-physiopsychosocial-factors-and-spiritual-well-being-in-elderly-residents-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#16
Yi-Heng Chen, Li-Chan Lin, Li-Lan Chuang, Mei-Li Chen
BACKGROUND: Older adults in residential settings frequently suffer from functional decline, mental illness, and social isolation, which make them more vulnerable to spiritual distress. However, empirical evidence of the interrelationships between physiopsychosocial variables and spiritual well-being are still lacking, limiting the application of the biopsychosocial-spiritual model in institutional healthcare practice. AIMS: To explain the mechanisms by which these variables are linked, this cross-sectional study tested a causal model of predictors of spiritual well-being among 377 institutionalized older adults with disability using a structural equation modeling approach...
May 16, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509809/evidence-based-practice-among-health-professionals-in-hospitals-of-northwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Miftah A Beshir, Solomon A Woreta, Mihiretu Kebede
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a problem-solving approach to patient care based on the best available and valid evidence. It is accentuated to increase the quality of care and patient safety. EBP in clinical service is low in developing countries including Ethiopia. This study aimed at assessing EBP and associated factors among health professionals in North Gondar Administrative Zone hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Institution-based cross-sectional study was carried out from March to May 2015 in three hospitals in North Gondar Zone...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509591/current-practice-constraints-in-the-uptake-and-use-of-intensive-upper-extremity-training-a-canadian-perspective
#18
Keiko Shikako-Thomas, Darcy Fehlings, Manon Germain, Andrew M Gordon, Doug Maynard, Annette Majnemer
BACKGROUND: Intensive upper extremity training (IUET) has demonstrated efficacy in clinical and functioning outcomes in children with hemiplegia. However, implementation in the clinical context requires novel service models and knowledge translation. AIMS: To map implementation of IUET in Canada, to identify factors associated with the implementation and best practices for implementation. METHODS: Mixed-methods design; descriptive statistics, chi-square tests...
May 16, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508658/-life-style-and-affective-disorders
#19
Jiří Raboch
Life style significantly affects the health status of each person. Life style medicine is an evidence based practice, which is trying to develop patterns of healthy behavior. Most evidence exists about the effect of suitable diet (eg. unsaturated fatty acids) and adequate aerobic exercise. Combination of lifestyle modification to standard psychopharmacologic and psychotherapeutic techniques can improve the results of preventive and therapeutic programs for people with depressive issues.
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503293/historical-influence-on-the-practice-of-chiropractic-radiology-part-ii-thematic-analysis-on-the-opinions-of-diplomates-of-the-american-chiropractic-college-of-radiology-about-the-future
#20
Kenneth J Young
BACKGROUND: Over the past 20 years, various authors have addressed the question of the future of chiropractic. Most were positive about the future, with some advocating evidence-based practice and integration with mainstream healthcare, some advocating continued separation with an emphasis on subluxation-based care or the traditional/historical paradigm of chiropractic, and some calling for tolerance and unity. No papers were found specifically inquiring about the future of chiropractic radiology...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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