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Hepatitis b vaccination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221166/prevalence-of-needlestick-injuries-attitude-changes-and-prevention-practices-over-12-years-in-an-urban-academic-hospital-surgery-department
#1
Jessica M Hasak, Christine B Novak, Jennifer Megan M Patterson, Susan E Mackinnon
OBJECTIVE: Needlestick injury prevalence, protection practices, and attitudes were assessed. Current medical students were compared with 2003 data to assess any changes that occurred with engineered safety feature implementation. BACKGROUND: Risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens is elevated in the operating room particularly with surgeons in training and nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to medical students (n = 358) and Department of Surgery staff (n = 247)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220812/status-of-hbsag-seroprevalence-in-15-million-rural-couples-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Long Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Yan-Jie Huang, Qiao-Mei Wang, Kenrad E Nelson, An-Qi Wang, Hai-Ping Shen, Xiao-Li Liu, Yi-Ping Zhang, Dong-Hai Yan, Zuo-Qi Peng, Hong-Guang Zhang, Ya Zhang, Jun Zhao, Yan Wang, Ying Yang, Yuan He, Ji-Hong Xu, Du-Jia Liu, Tong-Jun Guo, Xiao-Na Xin, Hong Zhou, Xu Ma
A cross-sectional analysis of prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection (HBV) among rural couples was conducted between 2010 and 2014. Serologic HBV markers, including hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and e antigen (HBeAg), were tested. Primary outcome of interest comprised HBsAg positivity in couples (both positive: F+M+, only wife positive: F+M-, only husband positive: F-M+), and secondary outcome consisted of prevalence and risk factors of HBsAg positivity among husbands or wives. Of 14,816,300 couples included, 0...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216554/harnessing-nanoparticles-for-immunomodulation-and-vaccines
#3
REVIEW
Ariane C Gomes, Mona Mohsen, Martin F Bachmann
The first successful use of nanoparticles (NPs) for vaccination was reported almost 40 years ago with a virus-like particle-based vaccine against Hepatitis B. Since then, the term NP has been expanded to accommodate a large number of novel nano-sized particles engineered from a range of materials. The great interest in NPs is likely not only a result of the two successful vaccines against hepatitis B and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) that use this technology, but also due to the versatility of those small-sized particles, as indicated by the wide range of applications reported so far, ranging from medicinal and cosmetics to purely technical applications...
February 14, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215204/decreasing-the-hepatitis-b-burden-in-tunisia-need-more-attention-to-adults-for-vaccination
#4
H Chaouch, W Hachfi, A Letaief
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209492/reproductive-considerations-in-the-setting-of-chronic-viral-illness
#5
REVIEW
Brent M Hanson, Jessie A Dorais
Special considerations must be taken when patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C desire to achieve pregnancy. Patients with chronic viral illnesses desire children at rates similar to the general population, and options are available to decrease both vertical transmission and viral transmission between partners. Preconception counseling or consultation with fertility specialists is imperative in patients with HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C so that reproductive goals can be addressed and optimized...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208913/eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-egpa-and-hepatitis-b-infection-a-rare-association
#6
Nidhi Kaeley, Narula Kamakshi
Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA) or Churg-Strauss syndrome is a rare systemic illness which is characterized by necrotizing inflammation of small and medium sized vessels. The prominent features include asthma, eosinophilia, transient pulmonary infiltration and systemic vasculitis. Various triggering factors have been reported as putative aetiological agents of Churg-Strauss syndrome. They include infections, allergic desensitization, vaccinations like hepatitis B and influenza vaccination, cocaine abuse, drugs like leukotriene receptor antagonists and exposure to pigeons...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208753/possible-impact-of-190g-a-ccr2-and-%C3%AE-32-ccr5-mutations-on-decrease-of-the-hbv-vaccine-immunogenicity-a-preliminary-report
#7
Maria Ganczak, Karolina Skonieczna-Żydecka, Marzena Drozd-Dąbrowska, Grażyna Adler
Background: Chemokine genetic variations are involved in infectious diseases such as hepatitis B virus (HBV). Several allelic variants might, in theory, affect the outcome of vaccination. Objectives: This study was carried out to examine the associations of Δ32 CCR5 and 190G > A CCR2 polymorphisms with a response to a primary course of three HBV vaccinations. Methods: Between December 2014 and December 2016, patients from three randomly selected primary care clinics in the West Pomeranian region (Poland), 1 month after receiving the third dose of HBV vaccine, were enrolled...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202090/decreasing-the-hepatitis-b-burden-in-tunisia-need-more-attention-to-adults-for-vaccination
#8
S M Alavian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199772/a-retrospective-study-of-hepatitis-b-mother-to-child-transmission-prevention-and-post-vaccination-serological-test-results-of-infants-at-risk-of-perinatal-transmission-in-two-counties-of-middle-china
#9
Guo Yonghao, Dong Pumei, Yang Jianhui, Xu Jin, Zhang Yanyang, Wang Zhe
Approximately 240 million people have chronic hepatitis B worldwide, with mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) accounting for most cases. Therefore, Henan Province, China launched a public health program to prevent MTCT. To determine the efficacy of this health program, a survey was carried out in Huixian and Xinan counties, which are located in northern and western Henan. All infants born in these two counties between January 1, 2013 and March 31, 2014 to a mother positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), were surveyed; in total, there were 438 mother-infant pairs...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198787/serologic-responses-after-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-preterm-infants-born-to-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positive-mothers-singapore-experience
#10
Tan Xt Christelle, Chan Si Min, Le Ye Lee, Christina Ong, Kong Boo Phua, Marion M Aw, Sharon Saw, Guan Huei Lee, Franco Wong, Koh Cheng Thoon
BACKGROUND: The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends a 4-dose vaccination schedule for preterm low birth weight infants (<2kg) and a 3-dose vaccination schedule for preterm infants (≥2kg) born to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive mothers. However, data remain limited for these high risk infants and the optimal dosing schedule in Asia is not well established. AIM: We aimed to evaluate the serologic vaccine responses in preterm infants born to HBsAg positive mothers using current vaccination guidelines...
February 13, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198078/mutation-in-the-s-gene-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-anti-hbs-subtype-nonspecificity-contributed-to-the-coexistence-of-hbsag-and-anti-hbs-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#11
Xiaochun Fu, Jing Chen, Huijuan Chen, Jinpiao Lin, Zhen Xun, Shiqi Li, Can Liu, Yongbin Zeng, Tianbin Chen, Bin Yang, Qishui Ou
The mechanism for the coexistence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibodies to HBsAg (anti-HBs) in chronic HBV infected patients remains controversial. This study aimed to explore the role of HBV S gene mutation and anti-HBs subtype-nonspecificity in patients with simultaneous HBsAg/anti-HBs positivity. Chronic HBV infections with (n = 145, group I) and without (n = 141, group II) anti-HBs were included. The S gene was amplified and sequenced. The neutralization experiment was used in group I patients' sera to determine the specificity of anti-HBs...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197802/effects-of-vaccine-acquired-polyclonal-anti-hbs-antibodies-on-the-prevention-of-hbv-infection-of-non-vaccine-genotypes
#12
Masaki Kato, Susumu Hamada-Tsutsumi, Chiaki Okuse, Aiko Sakai, Nobuyuki Matsumoto, Masaaki Sato, Toshiyuki Sato, Mitsumi Arito, Kazuki Omoteyama, Naoya Suematsu, Kazuki Okamoto, Takanobu Kato, Fumio Itoh, Ryo Sumazaki, Yasuhito Tanaka, Hiroshi Yotsuyanagi, Tomohiro Kato, Manae Suzuki Kurokawa
BACKGROUND: In universal hepatitis B (HB) vaccination, single vaccine-derived polyclonal anti-HBs antibodies (anti-HBs) need to inhibit infection of HB viruses (HBV) of non-vaccine genotypes. We experimentally addressed this issue. METHODS: Anti-HBs-positive sera were obtained by vaccination with genotype A- or C-derived HBs antigen (HBsAg, gtA-sera or gtC-sera). Their reactivity to genotype A- and C-derived HBsAg (gtA-Ag and gtC-Ag) was measured by ELISA. The capacity of sera to neutralize HBV was evaluated using an in vitro infection model...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197329/knowledge-current-status-and-barriers-toward-healthcare-worker-vaccination-among-family-medicine-resident-participants-in-a-web-based-survey-in-korea
#13
Kyungjin Ko, Sungjong Kim, Sang-Hyun Kim, Ki Young Son, Jungun Lee, Dong Ryul Lee
BACKGROUND: We investigated the knowledge, status, and barriers toward healthcare workers receiving vaccinations among Korean family medicine residents. To date, a systematic study has not been conducted among medical practitioners examining these variables. METHODS: A web-based, anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to all 942 family medicine residents working in 123 training hospitals in Korea. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate factors affecting vaccination completion...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194210/recommended-immunization-schedule-for-children-and-adolescents-immunization-guideline-8th-edition-released-by-the-korean-pediatric-society-in-2015
#14
REVIEW
Jong-Hyun Kim, Eun Hwa Choi, Su Eun Park, Yae-Jean Kim, Dae Sun Jo, Yun-Kyung Kim, Byung-Wook Eun, Jina Lee, Soo-Young Lee, Hyunju Lee, Ki Hwan Kim, Kyung-Hyo Kim
This report includes the recommended immunization schedule table for children and adolescents based on the 8th (2015) and revised 7th (2012) Immunization Guidelines released by the Committee on Infectious Diseases of the Korean Pediatric Society (KPS). Notable revised recommendations include: reorganization of the immunization table with a list of vaccines on the vertical axis and the corresponding age on the horizontal axis; reflecting the inclusion of Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, and hepatitis A vaccine into the National Immunization Program since 2012; addition of general recommendations for 2 new Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccines and their interchangeability with existing JE vaccines; addition of general recommendations for quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccines and scope of the recommended targets for vaccination; and emphasizing catch-up immunization of Tdap vaccine...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191344/prediction-and-diagnosis-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-and-identification-of-its-associated-factors-using-the-classification-tree-method
#15
Mehdi Birjandi, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi, Saeedeh Pourahmad, Ali Reza Safarpour
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease in many parts of the world. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to identify the most important factors influencing NAFLD using a classification tree (CT) to predict the probability of NAFLD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Kavar, a town in the south of Fars province, Iran. A total of 1,600 individuals were selected for the study via the stratified method and multiple-stage cluster random sampling...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188612/hepatitis-b-immunoglobulin-during-pregnancy-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#16
REVIEW
Ahizechukwu C Eke, George U Eleje, Uzoamaka A Eke, Yun Xia, Jiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis is a viral infection of the liver. It is mainly transmitted between people through contact with infected blood, frequently from mother to baby in-utero. Hepatitis B poses significant risk to the fetus and up to 85% of infants infected by their mothers at birth develop chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) is a purified solution of human immunoglobulin that could be administered to the mother, newborn, or both. HBIG offers protection against HBV infection when administered to pregnant women who test positive for hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg) or hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or both...
February 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183402/the-effects-of-acute-inflammation-on-cognitive-functioning-and-emotional-processing-in-humans-a-systematic-review-of-experimental-studies
#17
REVIEW
Jessica Bollen, Leanne Trick, David Llewellyn, Chris Dickens
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive neuropsychological model of depression proposes that negative biases in the processing of emotionally salient information have a central role in the development and maintenance of depression. We have conducted a systematic review to determine whether acute experimental inflammation is associated with changes to cognitive and emotional processing that are thought to cause and maintain depression. METHODS: We identified experimental studies in which healthy individuals were administered an acute inflammatory challenge (bacterial endotoxin/vaccination) and standardised tests of cognitive function were performed...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182307/chronologic-changes-of-serum-hepatitis-b-virus-dna-genotypes-surface-antigen-mutants-and-reverse-transcriptase-mutants-during-25-year-nationwide-immunization-in-taiwan
#18
Hong-Yuan Hsu, Mei-Hwei Chang, Yen-Hsuan Ni, Cheng-Lun Chiang, Jia-Feng Wu, Huey-Ling Chen, Pei-Jer Chen, Ding-Shinn Chen
We investigated breakthrough infection and hepatitis B virus (HBV) genetic changes in immunized subjects after 25-year of a universal infant immunization. Specifically, serum HBV DNA, genotypes, surface antigen mutants and nucleoside analog-resistant (NAr) mutants were assessed in 2853 subjects (<25-years-old) surveyed in 2009, and these data were compared with the data from previous serosurveys. A comparison across different age-stratified groups using the 2009 data revealed a significant increase in the seropositive rate of anti-HBc (5...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179020/hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-undocumented-immigrants-and-refugees-in-southern-italy-demographic-virological-and-clinical-features
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nicola Coppola, Loredana Alessio, Luciano Gualdieri, Mariantonietta Pisaturo, Caterina Sagnelli, Carmine Minichini, Giovanni Di Caprio, Mario Starace, Lorenzo Onorato, Giuseppe Signoriello, Margherita Macera, Italo Francesco Angelillo, Giuseppe Pasquale, Evangelista Sagnelli
BACKGROUND: The data on hepatitis b virus (HBV) infection in immigrants population are scanty. The porpoise of this study was to define the demographic, virological, and clinical characteristics of subjects infected with HBV chronic infection in a cohort of immigrants living in Naples, Italy. METHODS: A screening for HBV infection was offered to 1,331 immigrants, of whom 1,212 (91%) (831 undocumented immigrants and 381 refugees) accepted and were screened for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-hepatitis B core antibody (HBc)...
February 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178298/the-impact-of-prenatal-exposure-to-parasitic-infections-and-to-anthelminthic-treatment-on-antibody-responses-to-routine-immunisations-given-in-infancy-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Stephen Nash, Alexander J Mentzer, Swaib A Lule, Dennison Kizito, Gaby Smits, Fiona R M van der Klis, Alison M Elliott
BACKGROUND: Chronic parasitic infections are associated with active immunomodulation which may include by-stander effects on unrelated antigens. It has been suggested that pre-natal exposure to parasitic infections in the mother impacts immunological development in the fetus and hence the offspring's response to vaccines, and that control of parasitic infection among pregnant women will therefore be beneficial. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used new data from the Entebbe Mother and Baby Study, a trial of anthelminthic treatment during pregnancy conducted in Uganda, to further investigate this hypothesis...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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