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electrospun nanofibrous scaffold

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155052/a-nanofibrous-electrospun-patch-to-maintain-human-mesenchymal-cell-stemness
#1
L Pandolfi, N Toledano Furman, Xin Wang, C Lupo, J O Martinez, M Mohamed, F Taraballi, E Tasciotti
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been extensively investigated in regenerative medicine because of their crucial role in tissue healing. For these properties, they are widely tested in clinical trials, usually injected in cell suspension or in combination with tridimensional scaffolds. However, scaffolds can largely affect the fates of MSCs, inducing a progressive loss of functionality overtime. The ideal scaffold must delay MSCs differentiation until paracrine signals from the host induce their change. Herein, we proposed a nanostructured electrospun gelatin patch as an appropriate environment where human MSCs (hMSCs) can adhere, proliferate, and maintain their stemness...
March 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140360/assembling-of-electrospun-meshes-into-three-dimensional-porous-scaffolds-for-bone-repair
#2
Juqing Song, Guanglin Zhu, Lin Wang, Geng An, Xuetao Shi, Yingjun Wang
Technical limitations of traditional electrospinning make it hard to produce three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds with hierarchical pore structures. Here, porous polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofiber meshes with different nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) concentrations were prepared by electrospinning with stainless steel mesh as the collector, and 3D porous nanofiber scaffolds were fabricated via layer-by-layer assembly with a special binder (18% PCL/DCM solution). The single layer nanofiber mesh possessed very regular morphology with a hollow structure, and the nHA was not only embedded in the nanofiber but also exposed on the surfaces of the fiber, resulting in the improved surface chemical properties...
February 14, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125204/fenugreek-incorporated-silk-fibroin-nanofibers-a-potential-antioxidant-scaffold-for-enhanced-wound-healing
#3
Sowmya Selvaraj, Nishter Nishad Fathima
Free radicals are generated by various biochemical pathways in the living system, causing severe oxidative damage to the biomolecules leading to adverse disease conditions. Hence, there is an increasing interest in antioxidant studies for preventing the effects of these free radicals. Herein, we propose a novel electrospun scaffold with antioxidant properties that can be used as wound healing material. Fenugreek, a natural antioxidant incorporated silk fibroin nanofiber, was prepared in four different ratios by the co-electrospinning method...
February 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117963/chitosan-intercalated-montmorillonite-poly-vinyl-alcohol-nanofibers-as-a-platform-to-guide-neuron-like-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#4
Hatef Ghasemi Hamidabadi, Zahra Rezvani, Maryam Nazm Bojnordi, Haji Shirinzadeh, Alexander M Seifalian, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Mojgan Razaghpour, Abbas Alibakhshi, Abolfazl Yazdanpanah, Maryam Salimi, Masoud Mozafari, Aleksandra M Urbanska, Rui L Reis, Subhas C Kundu, Mazaher Gholipourmalekabadi
In this study, we present a novel chitosan-intercalated montmorillonite/Poly(Vinyl alcohol) (OMMT/PVA) nanofibrous mesh as a microenvironment for guiding differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) toward neuron-like cells. The OMMT was prepared through ion exchange reaction between the montmorillonite (MMT) and chitosan. The PVA solutions containing various concentrations of OMMT were electrospun to form 3-D OMMT-PVA nanofibrous meshes. The biomechanical and biological characteristics of the nanofibrous meshes were evaluated by ATR-FTIR, XRD, SEM, MTT, LDH specific activity, contact angle, and DAPI staining...
January 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095765/electrospun-nanofibre-bundles-and-yarns-for-tissue-engineering-applications-a-review
#5
Richard A O'Connor, Garrett B McGuinness
Nanofibre membranes produced through the electrospinning process have been studied extensively over the past decade for a number of high demand applications including use as tissue engineered scaffolds. Despite possessing desirable properties including high surface area to volume ratios and enhanced mechanical properties, they ultimately suffer from a lack of cellular infiltration. Variations on the process include the production of highly aligned filaments of electrospun fibres referred to as bundles and yarns...
November 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093364/fabrication-of-nanofibrous-electrospun-scaffolds-from-a-heterogeneous-library-of-co-and-self-assembling-peptides
#6
Mahboubeh Maleki, Antonino Natalello, Raffaele Pugliese, Fabrizio Gelain
: Self-assembling (SAPs) and co-assembling peptides (CAPs) are driving increasing enthusiasm as synthetic but biologically inspired biomaterials amenable of easy functionalization for regenerative medicine. On the other hand, electrospinning (ES) is a versatile technique useful for tailoring the nanostructures of various biomaterials into scaffolds resembling the extracellular matrices found in organs and tissues. The synergistic merging of these two approaches is a long-awaited advance in nanomedicine that has not been deeply documented so far...
January 13, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087448/fabrication-and-characterization-of-electrospun-cellulose-nano-hydroxyapatite-nanofibers-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#7
Chenghong Ao, Yan Niu, Ximu Zhang, Xu He, Wei Zhang, Canhui Lu
Nanofibrous scaffolds from cotton cellulose and nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) were electrospun for bone tissue engineering. The solution properties of cellulose/nano-HA spinning dopes and their associated electrospinnability were characterized. Morphological, thermal and mechanical properties of the electrospun cellulose/nano-HA nanocomposite nanofibers (ECHNN) were measured and the biocompatibility of ECHNN with human dental follicle cells (HDFCs) was evaluated. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images indicated that the average diameter of ECHNN increased with a higher nano-HA loading and the fiber diameter distributions were well within the range of natural ECM (extra cellular matrix) fibers (50-500nm)...
April 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071988/braided-and-stacked-electrospun-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-tendon-and-ligament-tissue-engineering
#8
Benjamin B Rothrauff, Brian B Lauro, Guang Yang, Richard E Debski, Volker Musahl, Rocky S Tuan
Tendon and ligament injuries are a persistent orthopedic challenge given their poor innate healing capacity. Nonwoven electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds composed of polyesters have been used to mimic the mechanics and topographical cues of native tendons and ligaments. However, nonwoven nanofibers have several limitations that prevent broader clinical application, including poor cell infiltration, as well as tensile and suture-retention strengths that are inferior to native tissues. In this study, multilayered scaffolds of aligned electrospun nanofibers of two designs-stacked or braided-were fabricated...
February 10, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011142/cell-matrix-mechanical-interaction-in-electrospun-polymeric-scaffolds-for-tissue-engineering-implications-for-scaffold-design-and-performance
#9
REVIEW
Kelsey M Kennedy, Archana Bhaw-Luximon, Dhanjay Jhurry
: Engineered scaffolds produced by electrospinning of biodegradable polymers offer a 3D, nanofibrous environment with controllable structural, chemical, and mechanical properties that mimic the extracellular matrix of native tissues and have shown promise for a number of tissue engineering applications. The microscale mechanical interactions between cells and electrospun matrices drive cell behaviors including migration and differentiation that are critical to promote tissue regeneration...
December 21, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000609/an-in-vitro-3d-model-using-collagen-coated-gelatin-nanofibers-for-studying-breast-cancer-metastasis
#10
G Janani, Mamatha M Pillai, R Selvakumar, Amitava Bhattacharyya, C Sabarinath
The study of breast cancer metastasis is limited due to poor knowledge of molecular progression of breast tumor and varied heterogeneity. For a better understanding of tumor metastasis, a reliable 3D in vitro model bridging the gap between 2D cultures and in vivo animal model studies is essential. Our study is focused on two key points: (i) designing a 3D microenvironment for studying metastasis and (ii) simulating the metastasis milieu by inducing epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and mesenchymal to epithelial transition (MET)...
February 7, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995587/roll-designed-3d-nanofibrous-scaffold-suitable-for-the-regeneration-of-load-bearing-bone-defects
#11
Fatemeh Hejazi, Hamid Mirzadeh
In this work, an innovative and easy method for the fabrication of 3D scaffold from 2D electrospun structures is introduced. For this aim, coral microparticles were fixed inside the nanofibrous PCL/Gelatin mat and the obtained structure was post assembled into a cylindrical design. Scaffold fabrication procedure is described in detail and morphological properties, physical and mechanical characteristics and in vitro assessments of the prepared scaffold are reported. Presences of coral microparticles in the structure led to the formation of empty spaces (3D pores) between nanofibrous layers which in turn prevent the compact accumulation of nanofibers...
December 2016: Progress in biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987890/fabrication-of-chitosan-polycaprolactone-composite-nanofibrous-scaffold-for-simultaneous-delivery-of-ferulic-acid-and-resveratrol
#12
Balan Poornima, Purna Sai Korrapati
Wound healing is a complex cellular process involving various mechanisms making it intricate for designing a scaffold for therapeutic use. This study deals with the designing and development of coaxial electrospun Chitosan-Polycaprolactone nanofiber wound dressings for efficient simultaneous drug delivery. Ferulic acid and resveratrol were chosen for incorporation into core-shell nanofibers for their efficacy in anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic activities respectively. Structural and physico-chemical characterization of the scaffold confirmed the encapsulation of both the molecules...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987755/controlled-release-of-cefazolin-sodium-antibiotic-drug-from-electrospun-chitosan-polyethylene-oxide-nanofibrous-mats
#13
Yousef Fazli, Zahra Shariatinia
Antimicrobial electrospun chitosan-polyethylene oxide (CS-PEO) nanofibrous mats containing cefazolin, fumed silica (F. silica) and cefazolin-loaded fumed silica nanoparticles (NPs) were produced for biomedical applications. The FE-SEM images revealed that the F. silica and F. silica-cefazolin NPs had average diameters of 40±10 and 60±15nm, respectively. Also, the fibers diameters were approximately 160±30, 90±20 and 70±15nm for the pure CS-PEO, CS-PEO-1% F. silica and CS-PEO-1% F. silica-0.5% cefazolin nanofibrous mats, respectively indicating addition of F...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987753/sequel-of-mgo-nanoparticles-in-placl-nanofibers-for-anti-cancer-therapy-in-synergy-with-curcumin-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin
#14
Shruthi Vathaluru Sudakaran, Jayarama Reddy Venugopal, Gnaneshwar Puvala Vijayakumar, Sivasubramanian Abisegapriyan, Andrews Nirmala Grace, Seeram Ramakrishna
Pharmaceutical industries spend more money in developing new and efficient methods for delivering successful drugs for anticancer therapy. Electrospun nanofibers and nanoparticles loaded with drugs have versatile biomedical applications ranging from wound healing to anticancer therapy. We aimed to attempt for fabricating elastomeric poly (l-lactic acid-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLACL) with Aloe Vera (AV), magnesium oxide (MgO) nanoparticles, curcumin (CUR) and β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) composite nanofibers to control the growth of MCF-7 cells for breast cancer therapy...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987671/role-of-solvent-mediated-carbodiimide-cross-linking-in-fabrication-of-electrospun-gelatin-nanofibrous-membranes-as-ophthalmic-biomaterials
#15
Shih-Feng Chou, Li-Jyuan Luo, Jui-Yang Lai, David Hui-Kang Ma
Due to their ability to mimic the structure of extracellular matrix, electrospun gelatin nanofibers are promising cell scaffolding materials for tissue engineering applications. However, the hydrophilic gelatin molecules usually need stabilization before use in aqueous physiological environment. Considering that biomaterials cross-linked via film immersion technique may have a more homogeneous cross-linked structure than vapor phase cross-linking, this work aims to investigate the chemical modification of electrospun gelatin nanofibrous membranes by liquid phase carbodiimide in the presence of ethanol/water co-solvents with varying ethanol concentrations ranging from 80 to 99...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931176/in-vitro-evaluation-of-electrospun-silk-fibroin-nano-hydroxyapatite-bmp-2-scaffolds-for-bone-regeneration
#16
Bingjie Niu, Bin Li, Yong Gu, Xiaofeng Shen, Yong Liu, Liang Chen
Bone tissue engineering by using osteoinductive scaffolds seeded with stem cells to promote bone extracellular matrix (ECM) production and remodeling has evolved into a promising approach for bone repair and regeneration. In order to mimic the ECM of bone tissue structurally and compositionally, nanofibrous silk fibroin (SF) scaffolds containing hydroxyapatite (HAP) nanoparticles and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) were fabricated in this study using electrospinning technique. The microstructure, mechanical property, biocompatibility, and osteogenic characteristics were examined...
February 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904497/preparation-of-polypyrrole-embedded-electrospun-poly-lactic-acid-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-nerve-tissue-engineering
#17
Jun-Feng Zhou, Yi-Guo Wang, Liang Cheng, Zhao Wu, Xiao-Dan Sun, Jiang Peng
Polypyrrole (PPy) is a biocompatible polymer with good conductivity. Studies combining PPy with electrospinning have been reported; however, the associated decrease in PPy conductivity has not yet been resolved. We embedded PPy into poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanofibers via electrospinning and fabricated a PLA/PPy nanofibrous scaffold containing 15% PPy with sustained conductivity and aligned topography. There was good biocompatibility between the scaffold and human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells as well as Schwann cells...
October 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886552/three-dimensional-electrospun-pcl-pla-blend-nanofibrous-scaffolds-with-significantly-improved-stem-cells-osteogenic-differentiation-and-cranial-bone-formation
#18
Qingqing Yao, Jaqueline G L Cosme, Tao Xu, Jacob M Miszuk, Paulo H S Picciani, Hao Fong, Hongli Sun
Nanofibrous scaffolds that are morphologically/structurally similar to natural ECM are highly interested for tissue engineering; however, the electrospinning technique has the difficulty in directly producing clinically relevant 3D nanofibrous scaffolds with desired structural properties. To address this challenge, we have developed an innovative technique of thermally induced nanofiber self-agglomeration (TISA) recently. The aim of this work was to prepare (via the TISA technique) and evaluate 3D electrospun PCL/PLA blend (mass ratio: 4/1) nanofibrous scaffolds having high porosity of ∼95...
January 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877111/polymerizing-pyrrole-coated-poly-l-lactic-acid-co-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-plcl-conductive-nanofibrous-conduit-combined-with-electric-stimulation-for-long-range-peripheral-nerve-regeneration
#19
Jialin Song, Binbin Sun, Shen Liu, Wei Chen, Yuanzheng Zhang, Chunyang Wang, Xiumei Mo, Junyi Che, Yuanming Ouyang, Weien Yuan, Cunyi Fan
Electrospinning and electric stimulation (ES) are both promising methods to support neuron adhesion and guide extension of neurons for nerve regeneration. Concurrently, all studies focus on either electrospinning for conduits material or ES in vitro study to accelerate nerve regeneration; few work on the combined use of these two strategies or ES in vivo study. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the abilities of direct current ES through electrospinning conductive polymer composites composed of polypyrrole and Poly (l-lactic acid-co-ε-caprolactone) (PPY/PLCL) in peripheral nerve regeneration...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857724/nanobiomaterials-for-neural-regeneration
#20
REVIEW
Nuan Chen, Lingling Tian, Liumin He, Seeram Ramakrishna
Diseases and disorders associated with nervous system such as injuries by trauma and neurodegeneration are shown to be one of the most serious problems in medicine, requiring innovative strategies to trigger and enhance the nerve regeneration. Tissue engineering aims to provide a highly biomimetic environment by using a combination of cells, materials and suitable biological cues, by which the lost body part may be regenerated or even fully rebuilt. Electrospinning, being able to produce extracellular matrix (ECM)-like nanostructures with great flexibility in design and choice of materials, have demonstrated their great potential for fabrication of nerve tissue engineered scaffolds...
September 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
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