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Lang Pan, Bing Zhu, Wenjing Hao, Xianlu Zeng, Spiros A Vlahopoulos, Tapas K Hazra, Muralidhar L Hegde, Zsolt Radak, Attila Bacsi, Allan R Brasier, Xueqing Ba, Istvan Boldogh
A large percentage of redox-responsive gene promoters contain evolutionarily conserved guanine-rich clusters; guanines are the bases most susceptible to oxidative modification(s). Consequently, 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) is one of the most abundant base lesions in promoters and is primarily repaired via the 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase1 (OOG1)-initiated base excision repair pathway. In view of a prompt cellular response to oxidative challenge, we hypothesized that the 8-oxoG lesion and the cognate repair protein OGG1 are utilized in transcriptional gene activation...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Dalin Shi, Dongmei Lv, Wanxin Liu, Rong Shen, Dongmei Li, Haizheng Hong
The brominated flame retardants hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants, widely distributed in aquatic systems including the marine environment and marine organisms. HBCDs are toxic to the development of both freshwater and marine fish. However, the impacts of HBCDs on marine invertebrates are not well known. In this study, the marine copepod, Tigriopus japonicus, was used to assess the bioaccumulation and developmental toxicity of technical HBCD (tHBCD) through water-borne exposure...
October 5, 2016: Chemosphere
Serkalem Tadesse, Nicholas G Norwitz, Seth Guller, Felice Arcuri, Paolo Toti, Errol R Norwitz, Dawit Kidane
Preeclampsia (PE) (gestational proteinuric hypertension) is the leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. Although placental endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress are known to contribute to PE, the exact pathological basis for this disorder remains unclear. Previously, we demonstrated that DNA damage at the maternal-fetal interface is more common in the placentas of women with PE than normotensive controls. In this study, we utilized an in vivo comparative study, including 20 preeclamptic women and 8 healthy control subjects, and an in vitro hypoxia/reperfusion model to mimic the effects of oxidative stress at the maternal-fetal interface...
October 5, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Li-Bin Ling, Yung Chang, Chia-Wei Liu, Po-Ling Lai, Todd Hsu
Our earlier studies showed the inhibitory effects of cadmium (Cd) and paraquat (PQ) on the gene expression of DNA mismatch recognition proteins in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos. This study explored the effects of Cd and PQ on nucleotide excision repair (NER) capacity in zebrafish embryos. Exposure of embryos at 1 h post fertilization (hpf) to 3-5 μM Cd or 30-100 μM PQ for 9 h induced a 2-3-fold increase of oxidative stress, while a 6.5-fold increase of oxidative stress was induced by 200 μM PQ. Real-time RT-PCR detected a down-regulated xeroderma pigmentosum C (XPC) and an up-regulated UV-DDB2 gene expression in mildly-stressed embryos, whereas 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) gene expression increased with PQ exposure levels...
October 2, 2016: Chemosphere
Hongxu Zhang, Jianguang Zhong, Zhenyu Bian, Xiang Fang, You Peng, Yongping Hu
BACKGROUND: Evidences have identified the correlation of 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase-1 (OGG1) and eph-receptor tyrosine kinase-type A2 (EPHA2) polymorphisms in age-related cataract (ARC) risk. However, the results were not consistent. The objective of this study was to examine the role of these two gene polymorphisms in ARC susceptibility. METHODS: Eligible case-control studies published between January 2000 and 2015 were searched and retrieved in the electronic databases...
September 29, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Akira Sassa, Melike Ҫağlayan, Yesenia Rodriguez, William A Beard, Samuel H Wilson, Takehiko Nohmi, Masamitsu Honma, Manabu Yasui
Numerous ribonucleotides are incorporated into the genome during DNA replication. Oxidized ribonucleotides can also be erroneously incorporated into DNA. Embedded ribonucleotides destabilize the structure of DNA and retard DNA synthesis by DNA polymerases (pols), leading to genomic instability. Mammalian cells possess translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) pols that bypass DNA damage. The mechanism of TLS and repair of oxidized ribonucleotides remains to be elucidated. To address this, we analyzed the miscoding properties of the ribonucleotides riboguanosine (rG) and 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-riboguanosine (8-oxo-rG) during TLS catalyzed by the human TLS pols κ and η in vitro...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Anna Picca, Vito Pesce, Giuseppe Sirago, Flavio Fracasso, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Angela Maria Serena Lezza
Extremely interesting for aging research are those individuals able to reach older ages still with functions similar to those of younger counterparts. We examined liver samples from ad libitum-fed old (28-month-old, AL-28) and ad libitum-fed very old (32-month-old, AL-32) rats for a number of markers, relevant for mitochondrial functionality and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content. As for the mtDNA content and the protein amounts of the citrate synthase and the antioxidant peroxiredoxin III there were no significant changes in the AL-32 animals...
September 13, 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Samy L Habib, Anamika Yadav, Dawit Kidane, Robert Weiss, Sitai Liang
Exposure of renal cells to high glucose (HG) during diabetes has been recently proposed to be involved in renal injury. In the present study, we investigated a potential mechanism by which AICAR treatment regulates the DNA repair enzyme, 8-oxoG-DNA glycosylase (OGG1) in renal proximal tubular mouse cells exposed to HG and in kidney of db/db mice. Cells treated with HG for 2 days show inhibition in OGG1 promoter activity as well as OGG1 and Nrf2 protein expression. In addition, activation of AMPK by AICAR resulted in an increase raptor phosphorylation at Ser(792) and leads to increase the promoter activity of OGG1 through upregulation of Nrf2...
September 9, 2016: Cell Cycle
Anne Graupner, Dag M Eide, Christine Instanes, Jill M Andersen, Dag A Brede, Stephen D Dertinger, Ole C Lind, Anicke Brandt-Kjelsen, Hans Bjerke, Brit Salbu, Deborah Oughton, Gunnar Brunborg, Ann K Olsen
Even today, 70 years after Hiroshima and accidents like in Chernobyl and Fukushima, we still have limited knowledge about the health effects of low dose rate (LDR) radiation. Despite their human relevance after occupational and accidental exposure, only few animal studies on the genotoxic effects of chronic LDR radiation have been performed. Selenium (Se) is involved in oxidative stress defence, protecting DNA and other biomolecules from reactive oxygen species (ROS). It is hypothesised that Se deficiency, as it occurs in several parts of the world, may aggravate harmful effects of ROS-inducing stressors such as ionising radiation...
2016: Scientific Reports
Zacharenia Nikitaki, Vladimir Nikolov, Ifigeneia V Mavragani, Emil Mladenov, Anastasios Mangelis, Danae A Laskaratou, Georgios I Fragkoulis, Christine E Hellweg, Olga A Martin, Dimitris Emfietzoglou, Vasiliki I Hatzi, Georgia I Terzoudi, George Iliakis, Alexandros G Georgakilas
Detrimental effects of ionizing radiation (IR) are correlated to the varying efficiency of IR to induce complex DNA damage. A double strand break (DSB) can be considered the simpler form of complex DNA damage. These types of damage can consist of double strand breaks (DSBs), single strand breaks (SSBs) and/or non-DSB lesions such as base damages and apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP; abasic) sites in different combinations. Enthralling theoretical (Monte Carlo simulations) and experimental evidence suggests an increase of the complexity of DNA damage and therefore repair resistance with linear energy transfer (LET)...
September 5, 2016: Free Radical Research
Simran Kaur, Yan Coulombe, Zubaidah M Ramdzan, Lam Leduy, Jean-Yves Masson, Alain Nepveu
Base excision repair is initiated by DNA glycosylases that recognize specific altered bases. DNA glycosylases for oxidized bases carry both a glycosylase activity that removes the faulty base and an apyrimidinic/apurinic (AP)-lyase activity that introduces a single-strand DNA incision. In particular, the CUT domains within the CUX1 and CUX2 proteins were recently shown to interact with the 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase and stimulate its enzymatic activities. SATB1, which contains two CUT domains, was originally characterized as a T-cell specific genome organizer whose aberrant overexpression in breast cancer can promote tumor progression...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Jineun Kim, Seoyun Yum, Changwon Kang, Suk-Jo Kang
Cancer arises from complex, multi-layer interactions between diverse genetic and environmental factors. Genetic studies have identified multiple loci associated with tumor susceptibility. However, little is known about how germline polymorphisms interact with one another and with somatic mutations within a tumor to mediate acquisition of cancer traits. Here, we survey recent studies showing gene-gene interactions, also known as epistases, affecting genetic susceptibility in colorectal, gastric and esophageal cancers...
August 30, 2016: Oncotarget
Erif Maha Nugraha Setyawan, Min Jung Kim, Hyun Ju Oh, Geon A Kim, Young Kwang Jo, Seok Hee Lee, Yoo Bin Choi, Byeong Chun Lee
The objective of this study was to determine the ability of spermine to act as an antioxidant in scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS), maintaining sperm function and decreasing cryocapacitation after cryopreservation. Although motility did not increase with spermine treatment, values for membrane integrity were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Higher percentages of linearity and straightness with a lower amplitude of lateral head displacement (ALH) indicated that spermine inhibits hyperactivation...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jane L Tarry-Adkins, Denise S Fernandez-Twinn, Jian Hua Chen, Iain P Hargreaves, Viruna Neergheen, Catherine E Aiken, Susan E Ozanne
'Developmental programming', which occurs as a consequence of suboptimal in utero and early environments, can be associated with metabolic dysfunction in later life, including an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, and predisposition of older men to sarcopenia. However, the molecular mechanisms underpinning these associations are poorly understood. Many conditions associated with developmental programming are also known to be associated with the aging process. We therefore utilized our well-established rat model of low birth weight and accelerated postnatal catch-up growth (termed 'recuperated') in this study to establish the effects of suboptimal maternal nutrition on age-associated factors in skeletal muscle...
October 1, 2016: Disease Models & Mechanisms
Cao Wenjuan, Lu Jianzhong, Li Chong, Gao Yanjun, Lu Keqing, Wang Hanzhang, Wang Zhiping
OBJECTIVE: To assess the susceptibility of the hOGG1 genetic polymorphism for bladder cancer and evaluate the impact of smoking exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Articles included in PubMed, Medline and Springer databases were retrieved using the following key words: "human 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosyl¬ase", "OGG", "OGG1", "hOGG1", "genetic variation", "polymorphism" , "bladder cancer", and "bladder carcinoma" to Meta-analysis was performed to detect whether there were differences between the bladder cancer group and the control group about the distribution of genotypes of the hOGG1 gene...
September 1, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Linda Møllersen, Olve Moldestad, Alexander D Rowe, Anja Bjølgerud, Ingunn Holm, Linda Tveterås, Arne Klungland, Lars Retterstøl
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by CAG repeat expansions in the HTT gene. Somatic repeat expansion in the R6/1 mouse model of HD depends on mismatch repair and is worsened by base excision repair initiated by the 7,8-dihydroxy-8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase (Ogg1) or Nei-like 1 (Neil1). Ogg1 and Neil1 repairs common oxidative lesions. METHODS: We investigated whether anthocyanin antioxidants added daily to the drinking water could affect CAG repeat instability in several organs and behaviour in R6/1 HD mice...
2016: PLoS Currents
Agnieszka Sliwinska, Dominik Kwiatkowski, Piotr Czarny, Monika Toma, Paulina Wigner, Jozef Drzewoski, Krystyna Fabianowska-Majewska, Janusz Szemraj, Michael Maes, Piotr Galecki, Tomasz Sliwinski
Evidence indicates that oxidative stress contributes to neuronal cell death in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Increased oxidative DNA damage l, as measured with 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG), and reduced capacity of proteins responsible for removing of DNA damage, including 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (OGG1), were detected in brains of AD patients. In the present study we assessed peripheral blood biomarkers of oxidative DNA damage, i.e. 8- oxoG and OGG1, in AD diagnosis, by comparing their levels between the patients and the controls...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
KarryAnne K Belanger, Bill T Ameredes, Istvan Boldogh, Leopoldo Aguilera-Aguirre
Asthma is characterized by reversible airway narrowing, shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and other symptoms driven by chronic inflammatory processes, commonly triggered by allergens. In 90% of asthmatics, most of these symptoms can also be triggered by intense physical activities and severely exacerbated by environmental factors. This condition is known as exercise-induced asthma (EIA). Current theories explaining EIA pathogenesis involve osmotic and/or thermal alterations in the airways caused by changes in respiratory airflow during exercise...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Zhi-Yu Chen, Chuan Liu, Yong-Hui Lu, Ling-Ling Yang, Min Li, Min-Di He, Chun-Hai Chen, Lei Zhang, Zheng-Ping Yu, Zhou Zhou
BACKGROUND: Both cadmium (Cd) and bisphenol A (BPA) are commonly encountered in humans' daily activities, but their combined genotoxic effects remain unclear. METHODS: In the present study, we exposed a mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line (NIH3T3) to Cd for 24 h, followed by a 24 h BPA exposure to evaluate toxicity. The cytotoxicity was evaluated by viability with CCK-8 assay and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was measured by 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA)...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Kwon Joong Yong, Diane E Milenic, Kwamena E Baidoo, Martin W Brechbiel
In pre-clinical studies, combination therapy with gemcitabine and targeted radioimmunotherapy (RIT) using 212Pb-trastuzumab showed tremendous therapeutic potential in the LS-174T tumor xenograft model of disseminated intraperitoneal disease. To better understand the underlying molecular basis for the observed cell killing efficacy, gene expression profiling was performed after a 24 h exposure to 212Pb-trastuzumab upon gemcitabine (Gem) pre-treatment in this model. DNA damage response genes in tumors were quantified using a real time quantitative PCR array (qRT-PCR array) covering 84 genes...
2016: PloS One
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