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Ri-Xin Jiang, Zi-Wei Yin
Eight new species of the genus Batrisodes Reitter are described from continental China, seven of which were found in association with ants: B. abdominalissp. n. and B. tianmuensissp. n. with an Ectomomyrmex ant from Zhejiang; B. grossussp. n. with an Odontomachus ant from Guangxi; B. simianshanussp. n. with an Aphaenogaster ant from Chongqing; B. qiuluisp. n. with a Pheidole ant, B. xuhaoisp. n. with a Lasius ant, and B. zhouchaoisp. n. with Lasius and Nylanderia ants from Sichuan. Batrisodes zethussp. n. was collected from a leaf litter sample...
2017: ZooKeys
Yang Xu, David Reitter
The principle of entropy rate constancy (ERC) states that language users distribute information such that words tend to be equally predictable given previous contexts. We examine the applicability of this principle to spoken dialogue, as previous findings primarily rest on written text. The study takes into account the joint-activity nature of dialogue and the topic shift mechanisms that are different from monologue. It examines how the information contributions from the two dialogue partners interactively evolve as the discourse develops...
October 9, 2017: Cognition
Alexander G Ororbia Ii, Tomas Mikolov, David Reitter
Learning useful information across long time lags is a critical and difficult problem for temporal neural models in tasks such as language modeling. Existing architectures that address the issue are often complex and costly to train. The differential state framework (DSF) is a simple and high-performing design that unifies previously introduced gated neural models. DSF models maintain longer-term memory by learning to interpolate between a fast-changing data-driven representation and a slowly changing, implicitly stable state...
September 28, 2017: Neural Computation
Martina Schneider, Eva-Maria Reitter, Marie-Theres Kastner, Jakob Thannesberger, Franz J J Rieder, Matthias Preusser, Christine Marosi, Christoph Steininger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Neuro-oncology
Sindy Helmert, Sandra Marten, Heike Mizera, Antje Reitter, Kurtulus Sahin, Luise Tittl, Jan Beyer-Westendorf
The effectiveness and safety of apixaban for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (SPAF) demonstrated in ARISTOTLE needs to be confirmed in daily care. To evaluate effectiveness and safety of apixaban therapy in SPAF patients in daily care, we used data from an ongoing, prospective, non-interventional registry of more than 3000 patients on novel oral anticoagulants in daily care. Between 1 December 2012 and 31 August 2015, 514 patients receiving apixaban were enrolled. During a mean follow-up of 803.5 ± 228...
August 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Josef Singer, Christoph Testori, Peter Schellongowski, Ammon Handisurya, Catharina Müller, Eva-Maria Reitter, Wolfgang Graninger, Paul Knöbl, Thomas Staudinger, Stefan Winkler, Florian Thalhammer
BACKGROUND AND CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of septic shock syndrome caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in a patient who had undergone splenectomy due to an autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS), which is characterized as a dysfunction of immunoregulation. Although the patient was vaccinated with a conjugated polysaccharide vaccine after the splenectomy, he was still susceptible to S. pneumoniae infection, because the isolated serovar (24F), a serovar long thought to be apathogenic, is not covered by any vaccine currently approved, neither a conjugated nor an unconjugated polysaccharide one...
June 22, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
W Miesbach, S-E Reitter-Pfoertner, R Klamroth, F Langer, H-H Wolf, A Tiede, B Siegmund, U Scholz, P R Müller, H Eichler, I Pabinger
BACKGROUND: Nowadays patients with haemophilia survive longer due to improvements in haemophilia care. It has been hypothesized that the bleeding type and frequency may vary with age and are influenced by co-morbidities and co-medication in elderly patients. OBJECTIVES: To investigate a large group of patients older than 60 years of age with haemophilia concerning haemophilia treatment, bleeding pattern changes, co-morbidities, co-medication, bleeding sites and patient mortality...
September 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Paweł Jałoszyński
Status of subgenera established for Euconnus Thomson with three-segmented antennal club is clarified. Examination of the type species of Psomophus Casey, Spanioconnus Ganglbauer, Scydmaenites Croissandeau and Xestophus Casey led to the conclusion that differences in morphological structures between all these taxa are minor and represent character variability within one subgenus. Consequently, Spanioconnus is maintained as a junior synonym of Psomophus; Scydmaenites is synonymized with Psomophus; and Xestophus, already placed as a junior synonym of Psomophus by Franz and later resurrected by O'Keefe, is again synonymized with Psomophus...
May 31, 2017: Zootaxa
Brittany E Owens, Christopher E Carlton
Seven new species in the genus Bibloplectus Reitter, 1881 are described: Bibloplectus ellisi Owens and Carlton, new species; Bibloplectus levis Owens and Carlton, new species; Bibloplectus parki Owens and Carlton, new species; Bibloplectus quadratum Owens and Carlton, new species; Bibloplectus suteri Owens and Carlton, new species; Bibloplectus steevesi Owens and Carlton, new species; and Bibloplectus tishechkini Owens and Carlton, new species. New species are integrated into the previously published key, supported by illustrations of diagnostic characters, and a revised key and checklist to eastern North American species is presented...
March 13, 2017: Zootaxa
Laetitia Minh Mai Le, Delphine Reitter, Sophie He, Franck Té Bonle, Amélie Launois, Diane Martinez, Patrice Prognon, Eric Caudron
Handling cytotoxic drugs is associated with chemical contamination of workplace surfaces. The potential mutagenic, teratogenic and oncogenic properties of those drugs create a risk of occupational exposure for healthcare workers, from reception of starting materials to the preparation and administration of cytotoxic therapies. The Security Failure Mode Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA) was used as a proactive method to assess the risks involved in the chemotherapy compounding process. FMECA was carried out by a multidisciplinary team from 2011 to 2016...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Saskia Ingen-Housz-Oro, Anne Pham-Ledard, Pauline Brice, Bénédicte Lebrun-Vignes, Ouidad Zehou, Delphine Reitter, Caroline Ram-Wolff, Nicolas Dupin, Martine Bagot, Olivier Chosidow, Marie Beylot-Barry
Hypersensitivity reactions (HSR) to pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD; Caelyx(®)) have been reported, and symptoms usually resolve with drug withdrawal. However, the risk of relapse of severe HSR and prevention remain poorly described. To report the management and outcome in four patients with HSR due to PLD. Patient characteristics, premedication regimen, rate of infusion, time between onset and HSR, clinical manifestations, and management were documented. A first cycle of PLD was received for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (n = 3) and Kaposi sarcoma (n = 1)...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
J I Loomans, C L Eckhardt, S E Reitter-Pfoertner, M Holmström, B Laros van Gorkom, F W G Leebeek, C Santoro, S Haya, K Meijer, M R Nijziel, J G van der Bom, K Fijnvandraat
Essentials Data on bleeding-related causes of death in non-severe hemophilia A (HA) patients are scarce. Such data may provide new insights into areas of care that can be improved. Non-severe HA patients have an increased risk of dying from intracranial bleeding. This demonstrates the need for specialized care for non-severe HA patients. SUMMARY: Background Non-severe hemophilia (factor VIII concentration [FVIII:C] of 2-40 IU dL(-1) ) is characterized by a milder bleeding phenotype than severe hemophilia A...
June 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Mishkat Ullah, Muhammad Naeem, Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Ather Rafi
A faunistic study of the tribe Brachinini from northern Pakistan was carried out including extensive fieldwork collections and specimens housed in the Insect Repository, Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Islamabad and the National Insect Museum, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad. Ten species belonging to three genera were identified from the study area, including four new records for Pakistan, Brachinus (Brachinus) ejaculans Fischer Von Waldheim, 1828, Brachinus (Neobrachinus) pallidipes Reitter, 1919, Pheropsophus (Stenaptinus) consularis (Schmidt-Goebel, 1846) and Pheropsophus (Stenaptinus) lineifrons Chaudoir, 1850...
February 15, 2017: Zootaxa
Saeed Azadbakhsh
A new species of the subgenus Chlaeniellus Reitter, 1908 (Coleoptera: Carabidae), namely Chlaenius (Chlaeniellus) kirschenhoferi sp. n., is described and illustrated from northeast Pakistan. Chlaenius (Chlaeniellus) rapyllii Morvan (1975), is confirmed as a valid species and it is proposed that Chlaenius (Lithochlaenius) asara Kirschenhofer, 2014 is a synonym of Chlaenius (Chlaeniellus) flavipes Menetries, 1832.
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
Alexander Anichtchenko, Erich Kirschenhofer
The species of subgenus Pseudochlaeniellus Jeannel, 1949 (Carabidae: Chlaenius) from Oriental region are revised. The following new synonyms and new combinations are proposed: C. (Pseudochlaeniellus) puncticollis Dejean, 1826 = C. (P.) panjabensis Kirschenhofer, 1998 syn. n.; C. (P.) germanus Chaudoir, 1876 = Chlaenius laevipennis Chaudoir, 1876: 196 syn. n. = C. (P.) buriensis Kirschenhofer 1998 syn. n.; C. (P.) sobrinus Dejean, 1826 = C. (P.) callichloris Bates, 1873 syn. n. = C. (P.) ladon Kirschenhofer, 1998 syn...
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
Paolo Audisio, Andrew R Cline, Andrzej Lasoń, Josef Jelínek, Simone Sabatelli, Sayeh Serri
During recent expeditions in North and Southwest Iran, 10 species of Kateretidae and Nitidulidae (Coleoptera) were found. One species of Kateretidae, Brachyleptus bicoloratus Reitter, 1896, and three nitidulid species, Afrogethes schilskyi (Reitter, 1897), Stachygethes khnzoriani (Kirejtshuk, 1979), and S. nigerrimus (Rosenhauer, 1856) are recorded for the first time for the Iranian fauna (the latter is also a new record for Asia). Thymogethes ahriman (Jelínek, 1981) is herein resurrected to species rank, and two species, Thymogethes kassites sp...
January 9, 2017: Zootaxa
Christopher J Minteer, Nicolle M Siegart, Kathryn M Colelli, Xinyue Liu, Robert J Linhardt, Chunyu Wang, Alvin V Gomez, Julie N Reitter, Kenneth V Mills
Protein splicing is a post-translational reaction facilitated by an intein, or intervening protein, which involves the removal of the intein and the ligation of the flanking polypeptides, or exteins. A DNA polymerase II intein from Pyrococcus abyssi (Pab PolII intein) can promote protein splicing in vitro on incubation at high temperature. Mutation of active site residues Cys1, Gln185, and Cys+1 to Ala results in an inactive intein precursor, which cannot promote the steps of splicing, including cleavage of the peptide bond linking the N-extein and intein (N-terminal cleavage)...
February 28, 2017: Biochemistry
Frank Louwen, Betty-Anne Daviss, Kenneth C Johnson, Anke Reitter
OBJECTIVE: To compare breech outcomes when mothers delivering vaginally are upright, on their back, or planning cesareans. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was undertaken of all women who presented for singleton breech delivery at a center in Frankfurt, Germany, between January 2004 and June 2011. RESULTS: Of 750 women with term breech delivery, 315 (42.0%) planned and received a cesarean. Of 269 successful vaginal deliveries of neonates, 229 in the upright position were compared with 40 in the dorsal position...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Fenglong Jia, Yudan Tang, Yûsuke N Minoshima
Three new species of the genus Crenitis Bedel, 1881 are described from China: C. aduncata sp. nov. (Yunnan), C. lianggeqiui sp. nov. (Yunnan and Sichuan) and C. obovata sp. nov. (Guangxi and Guizhou). All three species are assigned to the subgenus Crenitis. New locality records in China are provided for C. apicalis (Reitter, 1896) (from Inner Mongolia) and C. convexa Ji & Komarek, 2003 (from Ningxia, Chongqing). A key to the Chinese species of the subgenus Crenitis is provided.
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
John F Lawrence
The Australian ciid fauna is revised based on 75 described species (56 of them new) and three undescribed species, placed in 22 genera (nine of them new and nine newly recorded from Australia). The revision is considered preliminary, since about 50 other undescribed Australian species have been seen (usually as uniques or in short series), and it is likely that more will be found with increased intensive collecting. One additional New Caledonian species is also described, and one Cis species is considered to be based on a mislabelled Hawaiian specimen...
November 25, 2016: Zootaxa
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