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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910808/magnesium-and-depression
#1
Anna Serefko, Aleksandra Szopa, Ewa Poleszak
Magnesium is one of the most important elements in the human body and is involved in a number of biochemical processes crucial for the proper functioning of the cardiovascular, alimentary, endocrine, and osteoarticular systems. It also plays a vital modulatory role in brain biochemistry, influencing several neurotransmission pathways associated with the development of depression. Personality changes, including apathy, depression, agitation, confusion, anxiety, and delirium are observed when there is a deficiency of this element...
March 1, 2016: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904611/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-cardiovascular-events-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Mohammad Hassan Nezafati, Ali Eshraghi, Mohammad Vojdanparast, Saeed Abtahi, Pouya Nezafati
BACKGROUND: Given the importance of the role of depression in predicting the outcome of cardiovascular disorders, current medications for treating depression, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), are taken into consideration. This study aimed to systematically review the published findings in the use of SSRIs and the risk for cardiac events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An independent review of the Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane, CINAHL, index Copernicus, and Google Scholar, up to 2014, was performed...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855752/sleep-characteristics-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-among-midlife-women
#3
Rebecca C Thurston, Yuefang Chang, Roland von Känel, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, J Richard Jennings, Martica H Hall, Nanette Santoro, Daniel J Buysse, Karen A Matthews
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Midlife, which encompasses the menopause transition in women, can be a time of disrupted sleep and accelerated atherosclerosis accumulation. Short or poor sleep quality has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; few studies have investigated relations among midlife women. We tested whether shorter actigraphy sleep time or poorer subjective sleep quality was associated with carotid atherosclerosis among midlife women. METHODS: 256 peri- and postmenopausal women aged 40-60 completed three days of wrist actigraphy, hot flash monitoring, questionnaires [Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Berlin], a blood draw, and carotid ultrasound [intima media thickness (IMT), plaque]...
November 14, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810270/the-association-between-insulin-resistance-and-depression-in-the-korean-general-population
#4
Jae-Hon Lee, Sung Keun Park, Jae-Hong Ryoo, Chang-Mo Oh, Rodrigo B Mansur, Jeffrey E Alfonsi, Danielle S Cha, Yena Lee, Roger S McIntyre, Ju Young Jung
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that the insulin resistance (IR) could be related to depression. However, this association is still equivocal in the general population. Herein, we aimed to investigate the association between IR and depressive symptoms in a large sample in South Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out for 165,443 Korean men and women who received a health checkup including various clinical parameters and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scales (CES-D)...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802175/neurotransmitter-alteration-in-a-testosterone-propionate-induced-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-rat-model
#5
Nirja K Chaudhari, Laxmipriya P Nampoothiri
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), one of the leading causes of infertility seen in women, is characterized by anovulation and hyperandrogenism, resulting in ovarian dysfunction. In addition, associations of several metabolic complications like insulin resistance, obesity, dyslipidemia and psychological co-morbidities are well known in PCOS. One of the major factors influencing mood and the emotional state of mind is neurotransmitters. Also, these neurotransmitters are very crucial for GnRH release...
October 29, 2016: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761692/plausible-anti-inflammatory-mechanism-of-resveratrol-and-caffeic-acid-against-chronic-stress-induced-insulin-resistance-in-mice
#6
Suprithi Choudhary, Ashish Mourya, Swati Ahuja, Sangeeta Pilkhwal Sah, Anil Kumar
Stress is associated with many diseases and dysfunctions, such as depression, cardiovascular alterations, immunological function disorder, inflammation, obesity, and insulin resistance. Stress-induced inflammation is associated with the genesis of insulin resistance. Stress activates hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis, Renin Angiotensin System pathway, and sympatho-adrenal system, all of which are involved in the production of cytokines, causing the negative downregulation of insulin signaling either by phosphorylating serine residues of IRS or by inhibiting the activity of Akt leading to insulin resistance...
December 2016: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750377/cortisol-dysregulation-the-bidirectional-link-between-stress-depression-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Joshua J Joseph, Sherita H Golden
Controversy exists over the role of stress and depression in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Depression has been shown to increase the risk for progressive insulin resistance and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus in multiple studies, whereas the association of stress with diabetes is less clear, owing to differences in study designs and in forms and ascertainment of stress. The biological systems involved in adaptation that mediate the link between stress and physiological functions include the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the autonomic nervous and immune systems...
October 17, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721184/liraglutide-promotes-improvements-in-objective-measures-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-individuals-with-mood-disorders-a-pilot-open-label-study
#8
Rodrigo B Mansur, Juhie Ahmed, Danielle S Cha, Hanna O Woldeyohannes, Mehala Subramaniapillai, Julie Lovshin, Jung G Lee, Jae-Hon Lee, Elisa Brietzke, Eva Z Reininghaus, Kang Sim, Maj Vinberg, Natalie Rasgon, Tomas Hajek, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of treatments that are capable of reliably and robustly improving cognitive function in adults with mood disorders. Glucagon-like peptide-1 is synthesized centrally and its receptors are abundantly expressed in neural circuits subserving cognitive function. We aimed to determine the effects of liraglutide, a GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist, on objective measures of cognition in adults with a depressive or bipolar disorder. METHODS: In this 4-week, pilot, open-label, domain-based study (e...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711958/sexual-functioning-and-depressive-symptoms-in-women-with-diabetes-and-prediabetes-receiving-metformin-therapy-a-pilot-study
#9
R Krysiak, A Drosdzol-Cop, V Skrzypulec-Plinta, B Okopień
Aim:Metformin is a drug of choice for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Very little is known about its effect on human sexual function. Methods: The study included 3 age- and weight-matched groups of premenopausal women: individuals with type 2 diabetes, women with prediabetes and healthy controls. All women with diabetes and 50% of those with prediabetes were then treated with metformin and complied with lifestyle modification. The remaining individuals, not receiving pharmacotherapy, only complied with dietary recommendations...
October 6, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671426/apoptosis-may-explain-the-pharmacological-mode-of-action-and-adverse-effects-of-isotretinoin-including-teratogenicity
#10
Bodo C Melnik
Isotretinoin (13-cis retinoic acid) is the most effective sebum-suppressive drug for the treatment of severe acne. Its effect depends on sebocyte apoptosis, which results from isotretinoin-induced expression of the apoptotic protein tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin. This review proposes that the pharmacological mode of action of isotretinoin in the treatment of severe acne, acute promyelocytic leukaemia, and neuroblastoma results from apoptosis...
September 27, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669970/intestinal-dysbiosis-gut-hyperpermeability-and-bacterial-translocation-missing-links-between-depression-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes
#11
Anastasiya Slyepchenko, Michael Maes, Rodrigo Machado-Veira, George Anderson, Marco Solmi, Yolanda Sanz, Michael Berk, Cristiano A Köhler, André F Carvalho
The comorbid prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) with obesity and type II diabetes mellitus reflects the existence of a subset of individuals with a complex common pathophysiology and overlapping risk factors. Such comorbid disease presentations imply a number of difficulties, including: decreased treatment responsivity and adherence; altered glycemic control and increased risk of wider medical complications. A number of factors link MDD to metabolic-associated disorders, including: higher rates of shared risk factors such as poor diet and physical inactivity and biological elements including increased inflammation; insulin resistance; oxidative and nitrosative stress; and mitochondrial dysfunction...
September 22, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669638/clinical-and-metabolic-response-to-probiotic-supplementation-in%C3%A2-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Ebrahim Kouchaki, Omid Reza Tamtaji, Mahmoud Salami, Fereshteh Bahmani, Reza Daneshvar Kakhaki, Elmira Akbari, Maryam Tajabadi-Ebrahimi, Parvaneh Jafari, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This trial was performed to evaluate the effects of probiotic intake on disability, mental health and metabolic condition in subjects with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted among 60 MS patients. Participants were randomly allocated into two groups to receive either a probiotic capsule (n = 30) or placebo containing starch (n = 30) for 12 weeks. Expanded disability status scale (EDSS) scoring and parameters of mental health were recorded at the baseline and 12 weeks after the intervention...
September 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611197/early-life-stress-increases-metabolic-risk-hpa-axis-reactivity-and-depressive-like-behavior-when-combined-with-postweaning-social-isolation-in-rats
#13
Javier Vargas, Mariana Junco, Carlos Gomez, Naima Lajud
Early-life stress is associated with depression and metabolic abnormalities that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Such associations could be due to increased glucocorticoid levels. Periodic maternal separation in the neonate and rearing in social isolation are potent stressors that increase hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis activity. Moreover, social isolation promotes feed intake and body weight gain in rats subjected to periodic maternal separation; however, its effects on metabolic risks have not been described...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601016/management-of-endocrine-disease-morbidity-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Dorte Glintborg, Marianne Andersen
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most prevalent endocrine condition in premenopausal women. The syndrome is characterized by hyperandrogenism, irregular menses and polycystic ovaries when other etiologies are excluded. Obesity, insulin resistance and low vitamin D levels are present in more than 50% patients with PCOS, these factors along with hyperandrogenism could have adverse effects on long-term health. Hyperinflammation and impaired epithelial function were reported to a larger extent in women with PCOS and could particularly be associated with hyperandrogenism, obesity and insulin resistance...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581932/sirtuin-1-and-7-mediate-resveratrol-induced-recovery-from-hyper-anxiety-in-high-fructose-fed-prediabetic-rats
#15
B Raghunath Reddy, Swati Maitra, Priya Jhelum, K Praveen Kumar, Pankaj K Bagul, Gagandeep Kaur, Sanjay K Banerjee, Arvind Kumar, Sumana Chakravarty
Hyperglycaemia in diabetes is either caused by reduced availability of insulin (type 1 diabetes, T1D) or insulin resistance to the cells (type 2 diabetes, T2D). In recent years, the prevalence of T2D has increased to an alarming proportion, encompassing 95 percent of the total diabetic burden, probably due to economy-driven changes in lifestyle. Recent epidemiological studies show comorbid depression, anxiety and related mental illness. To explore the molecular mechanisms underlying this comorbid conditions, we used Sprague-Dawley rats on high-fructose diet for 8 weeks to induce prediabetic condition...
September 2016: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575030/nervous-system-expression-of-ppar%C3%AE-and-mutant-ppar%C3%AE-has-profound-effects-on-metabolic-regulation-and-brain-development
#16
Madeliene Stump, Deng-Fu Guo, Ko-Ting Lu, Masashi Mukohda, Martin D Cassell, Andrew W Norris, Kamal Rahmouni, Curt D Sigmund
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPARγ) is a nuclear receptor transcription factor that regulates adipogenesis and energy homeostasis. Recent studies suggest PPARγ may mediate some of its metabolic effects through actions in the brain. We used a Cre-recombinase-dependent (using Nestin(Cre)) conditionally activatable transgene expressing either wild-type (WT) or dominant-negative (P467L) PPARγ to examine mechanisms by which PPARγ in the nervous system controls energy balance. Inducible expression of PPARγ was evident throughout the brain...
November 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528109/pericardial-adipose-tissue-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-is-increased-in-patients-with-chronic-major-depressive-disorder-compared-to-acute-depression-and-controls
#17
K G Kahl, J Herrmann, B Stubbs, T H C Krüger, J Cordes, M Deuschle, U Schweiger, K Hüper, S Helm, A Birkenstock, D Hartung
OBJECTIVE: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with an estimated fourfold risk for premature death, largely attributed to cardiovascular disorders. Pericardial adipose tissue (PAT), a fat compartment surrounding the heart, has been implicated in the development of coronary artery disease. An unanswered question is whether people with chronic MDD are more likely to have elevated PAT volumes versus acute MDD and controls (CTRL). METHODS: The study group consists of sixteen patients with chronic MDD, thirty-four patients with acute MDD, and twenty-five CTRL...
January 4, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522723/-insulin-resistance-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-as-an-indicator-of-cardiovascular-risk
#18
A V Dontsov, L V Vasil'eva
AIM: To study blood insulin level in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) with and without metabolic syndrome (MS) and its relation to cardiovascular risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 127 patients with stable coronary heart disease (mean age 59.4 ± 5.7 yr) including 63 with MS and 64 without it. The control group consisted of 80 practically healthy subjects. Bloods insulin was determined by immunochemoluminescence, glycated hemoglobin (HbA,) by immunoturbidimetry, total cholesterol, HDLP cholesterol and triglycerides by enzymatic colorimetric method, oxidized LDLP IL-l, IL-6, and tunour necrosis factor-α by enzyme immunoassay...
2016: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515219/renin-angiotensin-system-in-ventilator-induced-diaphragmatic-dysfunction-potential-protective-role-of-angiotensin-1-7
#19
Anna Sigurta', Vanessa Zambelli, Giacomo Bellani
Ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction is a feared complication of mechanical ventilation that adversely affects the outcome of intensive care patients. Human and animal studies demonstrate atrophy and ultrastructural alteration of diaphragmatic muscular fibers attributable to increased oxidative stress, depression of the anabolic pathway regulated by Insulin-like growing factor 1 and increased proteolysis. The renin-angiotensin system, through its main peptide Angiotensin II, plays a major role in skeletal muscle diseases, mainly increasing oxidative stress and inducing insulin resistance, atrophy and fibrosis...
September 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512491/life-threatening-ketoacidosis-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-psychotic-disorder
#20
Charlotte Frise, Ben Attwood, Peter Watkinson, Lucy Mackillop
Pregnancy is an insulin resistant state. Hyperglycaemia and gestational diabetes mellitus are well-recognised complications even in women without existing metabolic syndrome or obesity. Pregnant women also appear to be more vulnerable to ketoacidosis, particularly after short periods of reduced oral intake in the third trimester, and may present with very severe starvation ketoacidosis, prompting emergent delivery. We present a case of a woman with a background of depression and psychotic episodes. Olanzapine had been commenced after a psychotic episode at 20 weeks' gestation...
March 2016: Obstetric Medicine
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