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transverse myelites

Sunil Pradhan, Ajit Kumar
We describe a young patient of acute transverse myelitis (ATM) who developed true lower motor neuron (LMN) type flaccid paraplegia as a result of anterior horn cell damage in the region of cord inflammation that extended from conus upwards up to the D4 transverse level. We infer that flaccidity in acute phase of ATM is not always due to spinal shock and may represent true LMN paralysis particularly if the long segment myelits is severe and extending up to last spinal segment.
July 2014: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Ashok Panagariya, A K Sharma, Amit Dev, Arvind Kankane, Bhawna Sharma, Parul Dubey
Simultaneous or sequential involvement of lungs is frequently encountered with neurological syndromes like meningoencephalitis, cerebellitis, aseptic meningitis, transverse myelitis, or multiple cranial nerve palsies. However, pulmonary involvement is frequently overlooked when all the attention of physician is diverted to neurological disorder. Prompt and early recognition of such potentially treatable association is required to improve diagnostic and therapeutic outcome. We report six patients presenting with various neurological manifestations like meningitis, meningoencephalitis, and myelits associated with atypical pneumonia...
April 2011: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
R Bergamaschi, A Ghezzi
Devic's neuromyelitis optica (NMO) onset is characterized by optic neuritis (ON) and transverse myelitis (TM), either simultaneously or in isolation. Thereafter, the course of the disease can be monophasic (no other attack) or relapsing (sequences of ON and TM, no other neurological system involved). The risk of having a relapsing course is related to gender, older age at onset, less severe motor impairment after the myelitic onset, interval length between first and second attack. The risk of an unfavourable evolution (severe disability or death) during a relapsing course is mainly related to high relapse rate during the first two years of the disease...
November 2004: Neurological Sciences
A Salmaggi, E Lamperti, M Eoli, E Venegoni, M G Bruzzone, G Riccio, L La Mantia
We report the clinical, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and laboratory findings in 5 patients with clinical spinal cord involvement with an acute or subacute course; in two of the patients the myelitic episode preceded, in one it was concomitant to, and in two it followed the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The marked clinical and MRI heterogeneity detected in our patients suggests that various factors may be implied in the pathogenesis of spinal cord involvement in SLE. The possibility of a future evolution to SLE should be kept in mind in women presenting spinal cord involvement with no other explanation, and should be assessed by means of extensive and repeated clinical and laboratory evaluations...
July 1994: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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