keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Continuous piperacilline

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288784/development-and-validation-of-a-measurement-procedure-based-on-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-simultaneous-measurement-of-%C3%AE-lactam-antibiotic-concentration-in-human-plasma
#1
Raül Rigo-Bonnin, Alba Ribera, Ariadna Arbiol-Roca, Sara Cobo-Sacristán, Ariadna Padullés, Òscar Murillo, Evelyn Shaw, Rosa Granada, Xosé L Pérez-Fernández, Fe Tubau, Pedro Alía
BACKGROUND: The administration of β-lactam antibiotics in continuous infusion could let optimize the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic parameters, especially in the treatment of serious bacterial infections. In this context, and also due to variability in their plasmatic concentrations, therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) may be useful to optimize dosing and, therefore, be useful for the clinicians. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We developed and validated a measurement procedure based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for simultaneous measurement of amoxicillin, ampicillin, cloxacillin, piperacillin, cefepime, ceftazidime, cefuroxime, aztreonam and meropenem concentrations in plasma...
March 10, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280397/pharmacokinetics-and-outcome-of-tazobactam-piperacillin-in-japanese-patients-undergoing-low-flow-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-dosage-considerations
#2
Hanako Kohama, Takeshi Ide, Kazuro Ikawa, Norifumi Morikawa, Shinichi Nishi
BACKGROUND: Tazobactam/piperacillin (TAZ/PIPC), which is often combined with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), induces renal excretion and is thought to have a high component removal rate for blood purification. CRRT procedures vary depending on the country, region, and institution. It is not clear whether the dose of TAZ/PIPC for use in Japan can be determined based on studies conducted in other countries. Therefore, in this study, we examined the suitability of recommended dose in Japan...
2017: Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240688/repeated-piperacillin-tazobactam-plasma-concentration-measurements-in-severely-obese-versus-nonobese-critically-ill-septic-patients-and-the-risk-of-under-and-overdosing
#3
Boris Jung, Martin Mahul, Dominique Breilh, Rachel Legeron, Jeremy Signe, Helene Jean-Pierre, Anne-Catrin Uhlemann, Nicolas Molinari, Samir Jaber
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and critical illness modify pharmacokinetics of antibiotics, but piperacillin-tazobactam continuous IV infusion pharmacokinetics has been poorly studied in obese critically ill patients. We aimed to compare pharmacokinetics of piperacillin in severely obese and nonobese patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. We hypothesized that plasma concentration variability would expose the critically ill to both piperacillin under and overdosing. METHODS: Prospective comparative study...
February 24, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182801/acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-treated-with-vancomycin-and-piperacillin-tazobactam-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#4
W Cliff Rutter, Donna R Burgess, Jeffery C Talbert, David S Burgess
BACKGROUND: Empiric antimicrobial therapy often consists of the combination of gram-positive coverage with vancomycin (VAN) and gram-negative coverage, specifically an antipseudomonal beta-lactam such as piperacillin-tazobactam (PTZ). Nephrotoxicity is commonly associated with VAN therapy; however, recent reports show higher nephrotoxicity rates among patients treated with the combination of VAN and PTZ. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of the VAN/PTZ combination on acute kidney injury (AKI) compared to VAN and PTZ monotherapies...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161232/-correctly-address-the-cause-of-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#5
M Penel-Page, B Ben Said, A Phan, L Hees, C Hartmann-Merlin, S Girard, Y Gillet, A Belot
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and severe syndrome usually associated with a cytotoxicity deficiency, which leads to an excess of immune response driven by activated macrophages and cytotoxic T cells. In children, HLH can be genetic, as part of a familial lymphohistiocytosis, or secondary: the most frequent causes are systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis, hematological malignancies, and severe infections, especially with Ebstein-Barr virus or leishmaniosis. We report on the case of a 3-year-old girl with no past medical history, who presented inaugural Pseudomonas aeruginosa maxillary osteitis, with secondary HLH...
February 1, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070047/-clinical-analysis-for-patients-with-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-associated-peritonitis
#6
Jian Liu, Xun Huang, Yao Liu, Hui Xu, Rui'e Gong, Chunhui Li
To analyze the clinical characteristics of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) associated peritonitis in the tertiary hospitals and to discuss the preventive and therapeutic strategy.
 Methods: The clinical characteristics, pathogens, resistance and outcomes of 126 CAPD associated peritonitis in 104 patients from Jan, 2013 to June, 2016, were retrospectively analyzed.
 Results: Among the patients, the incidence rates of abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea and emesis were 104 (82.54%), 56 (44.44%), 49 (38...
December 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042364/predictors-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-neurocritical-care-patients-receiving-continuous-hypertonic-saline
#7
Michael J Erdman, Heidi Riha, Lauren Bode, Jason J Chang, G Morgan Jones
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Continuous intravenous 3% hypertonic saline (HTS) infusions are commonly used for the management of cerebral edema following severe neurologic injuries. Despite widespread use, data regarding the incidence and predictors of nephrotoxicity are lacking. The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence and identify predictors of acute kidney injury (AKI) in neurocritical care patients administered continuous infusion HTS. METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved, multicenter, retrospective cohort study of patients receiving HTS infusions at 2 academic medical centers...
January 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876276/piperacillin-tazobactam-as-an-alternative-antibiotic-therapy-to-carbapenems-in-the-treatment-of-urinary-tract-infections-due-to-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-an-in-silico-pharmacokinetic-study
#8
Hélène Guet-Revillet, Elise Tomini, Aurélie Emirian, Olivier Join-Lambert, Hervé Lécuyer, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Vincent Jullien
Piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) as an alternative treatment to carbapenems for infections involving extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) remains debated. In this study, the probabilities of pharmacodynamic (PD) target attainment with different TZP regimens in ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-Ec) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-Kp) were evaluated in the context of pyelonephritis. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 144 ESBL-Ec and 111 ESBL-Kp from pyelonephritis were measured, and two previously published population pharmacokinetic models were used to determine by Monte Carlo simulation the probabilities of reaching two PD targets (50%fT>MIC and 100%fT>MIC) with TZP doses of 4 g three times daily and 4...
January 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867083/trends-in-antimicrobial-resistance-among-bacteroides-species-and-parabacteroides-species-in-the-united-states-from-2010-2012-with-comparison-to-2008-2009
#9
REVIEW
D R Snydman, N V Jacobus, L A McDermott, E J C Goldstein, L Harrell, S G Jenkins, D Newton, R Patel, D W Hecht
The susceptibility trends for Bacteroides fragilis and related species against various antibiotics were determined using data from 3 years of surveillance (2010-2012) on 779 isolates referred by 7 medical centers. The antibiotic test panel included imipenem, ertapenem, meropenem, ampicillin-sulbactam, piperacillin-tazobactam, cefoxitin, clindamycin, moxifloxacin, tigecycline, linezolid, chloramphenicol and . MICs were determined using the agar dilution CLSI reference method. Carbapenem resistance remained low (range 1...
November 17, 2016: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696986/clinical-effect-and-efficacy-factors-of-modified-piperacillin-tazobactam-dosing-regimens-in-abdominal-tumor-patients-with-post-operative-pneumonia
#10
Yang Yang, Yang Lu, Xin He, Hongwei Zhao, Donghao Wang, Wanhua Wang
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to observe the clinical efficacy of long-term piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) infusion and identify the factors affecting its curative effect against pneumonia in patients who had undergone surgery for abdominal tumor. METHODS: The 100 patients were divided into four clinical groups according to the severity of their infection: Simple pneumonia, pneumonia with pleural effusion, pneumonia and atelectasis, and severe pneumonia. Each group of patients was then divided into control and treatment groups using a completely random design...
February 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621509/taking-an-antibiotic-time-out-utilization-and-usability-of-a-self-stewardship-time-out-program-for-renewal-of-vancomycin-and-piperacillin-tazobactam
#11
EDITORIAL
Christopher J Graber, Makoto M Jones, Peter A Glassman, Charlene Weir, Jorie Butler, Kevin Nechodom, Chad L Kay, Amy E Furman, Thuong T Tran, Christopher Foltz, Lori A Pollack, Matthew H Samore, Matthew Bidwell Goetz
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic time-outs can promote critical thinking and greater attention to reviewing indications for continuation. OBJECTIVE: We pilot tested an antibiotic time-out program at a tertiary care teaching hospital where vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam continuation past day 3 had previously required infectious diseases service approval. METHODS: The time-out program consisted of 3 components: (1) an electronic antimicrobial dashboard that aggregated infection-relevant clinical data; (2) a templated note in the electronic medical record that included a structured review of antibiotic indications and that provided automatic approval of continuation of therapy when indicated; and (3) an educational and social marketing campaign...
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615718/mcr-1-is-borne-by-highly-diverse-escherichia-coli-isolates-since-2004-in-food-producing-animals-in-europe
#12
F El Garch, M Sauget, D Hocquet, D LeChaudee, F Woehrle, X Bertrand
OBJECTIVES: In November 2015, a plasmid-mediated colistin resistance, MCR-1, was described in animals, food and humans in China, and it was considered as a potential emerging threat to public health. Therefore, we screened for the mcr-1 gene a European collection of colistin-resistant Escherichia coli (n=218) and Salmonella spp. (n=74) isolated from diseased food-producing animals between 2004 and 2014 and characterized the mcr-1-positive clones. METHODS: Screening for mcr-1 gene was performed by PCR on isolates for which inhibition diameter was <15 mm around a 50 μg disk of colistin...
January 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518175/evaluation-outcomes-associated-with-alternative-dosing-strategies-for-piperacillin-tazobactam-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Hui Yang, Xiangli Cui, Zhuo Ma, Lihong Liu
A better dosing strategy can improve clinical outcomes for patients. We systematically reviewed the literatures to determine whether any clinical benefits exist for piperacillin/tazobactam by extended or continuous infusion. Methods - A search of PubMed, Web of Science, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, Cochrane, Embase and related ICAAC and ACCP conferences were conducted up to September 5, 2015. Randomized controlled and observational studies that compared extended or continuous infusion with conventional intermittent infusion of piperacillin/tazobactam were identified from the databases above and analyzed...
April 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432414/evaluation-of-pharmacodynamic-interactions-between-telavancin-and-aztreonam-or-piperacillin-tazobactam-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-escherichia-coli-and-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#14
Juwon Yim, Jordan R Smith, Katie E Barber, Jessica A Hallesy, Michael J Rybak
INTRODUCTION: In clinical trials comparing telavancin (TLV) with vancomycin for treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia, TLV demonstrated lower clinical cure rates than vancomycin in patients who had mixed gram-positive and -negative infections and were concomitantly treated with either aztreonam (ATM) or piperacillin/tazobactam (PTZ). Here, we investigated therapeutic interactions between TLV and ATM or PTZ in an in vitro pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model under simulated reduced renal function conditions...
September 2016: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367328/pulmonary-infection-caused-by-talaromyces-purpurogenus-in-a-patient-with-multiple-myeloma
#15
Altay Atalay, Ayse Nedret Koc, Gulsah Akyol, Nuri Cakir, Leylagul Kaynar, Aysegul Ulu-Kilic
A 66-year-old female patient with multiple myeloma (MM) was admitted to the emergency service on 29.09.2014 with an inability to walk, and urinary and faecal incontinence. She had previously undergone autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) twice. The patient was hospitalized at the Department of Haematology. Further investigations showed findings suggestive of a spinal mass at the T5-T6-T7 level, and a mass lesion in the iliac fossa. The mass lesion was resected and needle biopsy was performed during a colonoscopy...
June 1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333796/evaluation-of-an-alternative-extended-infusion-piperacillin-tazobactam-dosing-strategy-for-the-treatment-of-gram-negative-infections
#16
Erin M Winstead, Patrick D Ratliff, Ryan P Hickson, Joseph E Mueller, William R Judd
Introduction To enhance the probability of pharmacodynamic target attainment, piperacillin-tazobactam can be administered as either a continuous or extended-infusion dosage regimen for the treatment of gram-negative infections. Four hour extended-infusions of piperacillin-tazobactam 3.375 g administered intravenously (IV) every 8 h have been widely studied as an alternative to conventional, intermittent dosage regimens with largely favorable outcomes. Objective To assess the clinical and economic impact of a novel 3-h extended-infusion piperacillin-tazobactam dosing strategy for the treatment of gram-negative infections...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27327529/think-twice-a-cognitive-perspective-of-an-antibiotic-timeout-intervention-to-improve-antibiotic-use
#17
Makoto Jones, Jorie Butler, Christopher J Graber, Peter Glassman, Matthew H Samore, Lori A Pollack, Charlene Weir, Matthew Bidwell Goetz
OBJECTIVES: To understand clinicians' impressions of and decision-making processes regarding an informatics-supported antibiotic timeout program to re-evaluate the appropriateness of continuing vancomycin and piperacillin/tazobactam. METHODS: We implemented a multi-pronged informatics intervention, based on Dual Process Theory, to prompt discontinuation of unwarranted vancomycin and piperacillin/tazobactam on or after day three in a large Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
June 18, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316973/in-vitro-potency-of-amikacin-and-comparators-against-e-coli-k-pneumoniae-and-p-aeruginosa-respiratory-and-blood-isolates
#18
Christina A Sutherland, Jamie E Verastegui, David P Nicolau
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to define the potency of amikacin and comparator agents against a collection of blood and respiratory nosocomial isolates implicated in ICU based pulmonary infections gathered from US hospitals. METHODS: Minimum inhibitory concentrations of amikacin, aztreonam, cefepime, ceftazidime, ceftolozane/tazobactam, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, imipenem, meropenem, piperacillin/tazobactam and tobramycin were tested against 2460 Gram-negative isolates...
June 17, 2016: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281991/effectiveness-of-antipseudomonal-antibiotics-and-mechanisms-of-multidrug-resistance-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#19
Mohamed E El ZOWALATYl, Bpla Gyetvaii
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a leading human pathogen that causes serious infections at various tissues and organs leading to life threatening health problems and possible deadly outcomes. Resistance patterns vary widely whether it is from hospitals or community acquired infections. Reporting resistance profiles to a certain antibiotics provide valuable information in a given setting, but may be extrapolated outside the sampling location. In the present study, P. aeruginosa isolates were screened to determine their susceptibilities against anti-pseudomonal antimicrobial agents and possible existing mechanisms of resistance were determined...
2016: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210230/pulmonary-involvement-in-brucellosis-a-rare-complication-of-renal-transplant-case-report-and-brief-review
#20
Nurettin Ay, Safak Kaya, Melih Anil, Vahhac Alp, Unal Beyazit, Enver Yuksel, Ramazan Danis
Brucellosis, a disease endemic in many countries including Turkey, is a systemic infectious disease. Brucellosis is rare in renal transplant recipients. Only 4 cases have been reported in the literature. In this report, we describe the clinical manifestations and laboratory findings of a brucellosis case with pulmonary involvement in a renal transplant recipient. A 20-year-old man who had a living-donor kidney transplant 4 months earlier presented to our transplant clinic with fever, cough, and right flank pain...
May 17, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
keyword
keyword
11032
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"