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ampC betalactamase

Mohamed Ramadan El-Jade, Marijo Parcina, Ricarda Maria Schmithausen, Christoph Stein, Alina Meilaender, Achim Hoerauf, Ernst Molitor, Isabelle Bekeredjian-Ding
Rapid detection and reporting of third generation cephalosporine resistance (3GC-R) and of extended spectrum betalactamases in Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) is a diagnostic and therapeutic priority to avoid inefficacy of the initial antibiotic regimen. In this study we evaluated a commercially available chromogenic screen for 3GC-R as a predictive and/or confirmatory test for ESBL and AmpC activity in clinical and veterinary Enterobacteriaceae isolates. The test was highly reliable in the prediction of cefotaxime and cefpodoxime resistance, but there was no correlation with ceftazidime and piperacillin/tazobactam minimal inhibitory concentrations...
2016: PloS One
Maria Bălăşoiu, A T Bălăşoiu, Rodica Mănescu, Carmen Avramescu, Oana Ionete
Pseudomonas aeruginosa genus bacteria are well known for their increased drug resistance (phenotypic ang genotypic resistance). The most important resistance mechanisms are: enzyme production, reduction of pore expression, reduction of the external membrane proteins expression, efflux systems, topoisomerase mutations. These mechanisms often accumulate and lead to multidrug ressitance strains emergence. The most frequent acquired resistance mechanisms are betalactamase-type enzyme production (ESBLs, AmpC, carbapenemases), which determine variable phenotypes of betalactamines resistance, phenotypes which are associated with aminoglycosides and quinolones resistance...
April 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
Emilio Maseda, José Mensa, Juan-Carlos Valía, José-Ignacio Gomez-Herreras, Fernando Ramasco, Enric Samso, Miguel-Angel Chiveli, Jorge Pereira, Rafael González, Gerardo Aguilar, Gonzalo Tamayo, Nazario Ojeda, Jesús Rico, María-José Giménez, Lorenzo Aguilar
ICUs are areas where resistance problems are the largest, and these constitute a major problem for the intensivist's clinical practice. Main resistance phenotypes among nosocomial microbiota are (i) vancomycin-resistance/heteroresistance and tolerance in grampositives (MRSA, enterococci) and (ii) efflux pumps/enzymatic resistance mechanisms (ESBLs, AmpC, metallo-betalactamases) in gramnegatives. These phenotypes are found at different rates in pathogens causing respiratory (nosocomial pneumonia/ventilator-associated pneumonia), bloodstream (primary bacteremia/catheter-associated bacteremia), urinary, intraabdominal and surgical wound infections and endocarditis in the ICU...
March 2014: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Luci Correa, Marines Dalla Valle Martino, Itacy Siqueira, Jacyr Pasternak, Ana Cristina Gales, Claudia Vallone Silva, Thiago Zinsly Sampaio Camargo, Patricia Faria Scherer, Alexandre Rodrigues Marra
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates are increasing and few effective antibiotics are currently available to treat patients. We observed decreased carbapenem susceptibility among K. pneumoniae isolated from patients at a tertiary private hospital that showed a phenotype compatible with carbapenemase production although this group of enzymes was not detected in any sample. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology and clinical outcomes associated with carbapenem-resistant K...
2013: BMC Infectious Diseases
Olivier Clerc, Guy Prod'hom, Christelle Vogne, Alain Bizzini, Thierry Calandra, Gilbert Greub
BACKGROUND: Early identification of pathogens from blood cultures using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry may optimize the choice of empirical antibiotic therapy in the setting of bloodstream infections. We aimed to assess the impact of this new technology on the use of antibiotic treatment in patients with gram-negative bacteremia. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study from January to December 2010 to evaluate the sequential and separate impacts of Gram stain reporting and MALDI-TOF bacterial identification performed on blood culture pellets in patients with gram-negative bacteremia...
April 2013: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Marcela Cifuentes, Patricia García, Paola San Martín, Francisco Silva, Jennifer Zúñiga, Sergio Reyes, Rodrigo Rojas, Rodrigo Ponce, Raúl Quintanilla, Luis Delpiano, Marcelo Wolff
Carbapenem resistance in Enterobacteriaceae is an emerging problem worldwide. Among the mechanisms involved are the production of ESBLs or AmpC associated with porins loss or the presence of carbapenemases. Among these, the KPC betalactamase has become especially relevant given its rapid spread.In this article we present the first case of isolation of a strain of KPC producer Klebsiella pneumoniae at a hospital in Santiago, in a patient coming from Italy, with a history of multiple hospitalizations for treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and subjected to several cycles of chemotherapy and hemodialysis...
April 2012: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
S Nedjai, A Barguigua, N Djahmi, L Jamali, K Zerouali, M Dekhil, M Timinouni
OBJECTIVES: The authors had for aim to assess the local epidemiology, antibiotic resistance, and molecular typing of expanded spectrum betalactamase producing Klebsiella, Enterobacter, and Serratia (ESBL KES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and seven strains of the KES group were isolated in the microbiology laboratory of the Annaba Ibn Rochd hospital in 2009. The antibiotic resistance (diffusion method and MIC) was tested and ESBL detection was performed as recommended by the Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI)...
January 2012: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
R M Shoorashetty, T Nagarathnamma, J Prathibha
PURPOSE: Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC β-lactamase are important mechanisms of betalactam resistance among Enterobacteriaceae . The ESBL confirmation test described by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) is in routine use. This method fails to detect ESBL in the presence of AmpC. Therefore, we compared two different ESBL detection methods against the CLSI confirmatory test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 200 consecutive clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae from various clinical samples were tested for ESBL production using (i) CLSI described phenotypic confirmatory test (PCT), (ii) boronic acid disk potentiation test and (iii) cefepime-CA disk potentiation method...
July 2011: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Marcia Regina G Vasques, Alexandre Ribeiro Bello, Cristiane da Cruz Lamas, Juarez Correa, José Augusto Adler Pereira
There is a high incidence of infections caused by betalactamase-producing Gram-negative microorganisms in Brazil. These organisms are of clinical and epidemiological importance, since their mobile genetic elements facilitate cross-infection. The present study was conducted in sentinel rectal swabs from patients admitted to a cardiac surgery hospital in Rio de Janeiro, from January through December 2007, in a consecutive manner. The aim of the study was to characterize the genotype and phenotype of these isolates from colonized patients...
January 2011: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Cristina Seral García, María Pardos de la Gándara, Francisco Javier Castillo García
Methods for detecting ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae begin by a correct interpretation of the susceptibility profiles, applying the usual criteria for interpretative reading of the antibiogram. Appropriate confirmatory methods will be consequently chosen, based on the inhibition of the enzyme by betalactamases inhibitors, generally clavulanic acid. In case of non-AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae, at least two substrates should be used -cefotaxime or ceftriaxone and ceftazidime- to detect enzymes with a low hydrolytic activity against both substrates...
January 2010: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Wei Song, Ying-chun Tang, Jian Lu, Jia-xin Zhu, Yong-biao Zhang, Shu-qing Tan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the susceptibility and genotype characteristics of gram-negative bacteria producing plasmid-mediated class I cephalosporinase (AmpC beta lactamase) epidemic in Southern China. METHODS: A total of 1,187 clinical isolates of nonrepetive gram-negative bacteria were collected from different cities in Southern China. AmpC beta lactamase producing isolates were identified by cefoxitin three-dimensional test, and antimicrobial susceptibility test was identified by Kirby-Bauer agar diffusion test; plasmid conjugation, plasmid extraction, universal PCR for gene amplication of corresponding group was done, and the PCR products were sequenced subsequently...
November 2003: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
E Loza, M I Morosini, R Cantón, F Almaraz, M Reig, F Baquero
The in vitro activity of ertapenem (MK-0826), a new carbapenem, was studied against 389 aerobic microorganisms (187 Enterobacteriaceae, 15 Aeromonas spp., 42 Staphylococcus spp., 43 Streptococcus spp., 15 Enterococcus spp., 30 Haemophilus spp., 15 Moraxella catarrhalis, 12 Neisseria gonorrhoeae, 15 Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 15 Acinetobacter spp.) and 54 anaerobic isolates (15 Clostridium spp., 12 Peptostreptococcus spp. and 27 fragilis group Bacteroides recovered from four Spanish hospitals. Ertapenem activity was compared with that of imipenem, piperacillin-tazobactam, cefoxitin, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefepime, and norfloxacin...
June 2003: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
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