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Computational AND Spinal Cord

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814171/a-feasibility-study-of-off-the-shelf-scalloped-stent-grafts-in-acute-type-b-aortic-dissection
#1
Emma van der Weijde, Olaf J Bakker, Arnoud V Kamman, Joost A van Herwaarden, Santi Trimarchi, Jan Albert Vos, Robin H Heijmen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the applicability of an off-the-shelf scalloped stent-graft to preserve left subclavian artery (LSA) flow in thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for acute type B aortic dissection. METHODS: The computed tomography angiograms (CTA) of 70 consecutive patients (median age 64 years; 44 men) with acute Stanford type B aortic dissection were retrospectively analyzed to identify patients in whom a short proximal landing zone (<15 mm from the retrogradely dissected wall layers) would require LSA overstenting during TEVAR...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814047/a-simple-tool-to-measure-spasticity-in-spinal-cord-injury-subjects
#2
Arash Arami, Nevio L Tagliamonte, Federica Tamburella, Hsieng-Yung Huang, Marco Molinari, Etienne Burdet
This work presents a wearable device and the algorithms for quantitative modelling of joint spasticity and its application in a pilot group of subjects with different levels of spinal cord injury. The device comprises light-weight instrumented handles to measure the interaction force between the subject and the physical therapist performing the tests, EMG sensors and inertial measurement units to measure muscle activity and joint kinematics. Experimental tests included the passive movement of different body segments, where the spasticity was expected, at different velocities...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813968/changes-in-neuromuscular-activity-during-motor-training-with-a-body-machine-interface-after-spinal-cord-injury
#3
C Pierella, A De Luca, E Tasso, F Cervetto, S Gamba, L Losio, E Quinland, A Venegoni, S Mandraccia, I Muller, A Massone, F A Mussa-Ivaldi, M Casadio
Body machine interfaces (BMIs) are used by people with severe motor disabilities to control external devices, but they also offer the opportunity to focus on rehabilitative goals. In this study we introduced in a clinical setting a BMI that was integrated by the therapists in the rehabilitative treatments of 2 spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects for 5 weeks. The BMI mapped the user's residual upper body mobility onto the two coordinates of a cursor on a screen. By controlling the cursor, the user engaged in playing computer games...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808569/study-and-therapeutic-progress-on-spinal-cord-perimedullary-arteriovenous-fistulas
#4
Tiefeng Ji, Yunbao Guo, Lei Shi, Jinlu Yu
Spinal cord perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (PMAVFs) are rare and belong to type IV spinal cord arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Little is known regarding the treatment and prognosis of spinal cord PMAVFs. In the present study the relevant literature from PubMed was reviewed, and it was found that these fistulas can occur at all ages but are more common in children. In children, most spinal cord PMAVFs are large and with high flow, begin with bleeding and are frequently associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia...
September 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782439/dosimetry-verification-of-125-i-seeds-implantation-with-three-dimensional-printing-noncoplanar-templates-and-ct-guidance-for-paravertebral-retroperitoneal-malignant-tumors
#5
Zhe Ji, Yuliang Jiang, Liang Su, Fuxin Guo, Ran Peng, Haitao Sun, Jinghong Fan, Junjie Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare dose distributions of postoperative plans with preoperative plans for radioactive seed implantation of paravertebral/retroperitoneal tumors assisted by 3-dimensional printing noncoplanar templates and computed tomography. METHODS: Sixteen patients with paravertebral/retroperitoneal tumors (21 lesions) underwent radioactive seed implantation with 3-dimensional printing noncoplanar templates. Prescribed dose was 110 to 160 Gy. We compared the dose distribution of the postoperative plan with the preoperative plan...
January 1, 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781913/nursing-review-section-of-surgical-neurology-international-evaluation-of-cervical-disc-disease-and-when-surgery-is-warranted
#6
REVIEW
Nancy E Epstein, Renee D Hollingsworth
BACKGROUND: Patients with cervical disc disease may present with radiculopathy (root compression), myelopathy (cord compression), or myeloradiculopathy. These complaints must be correlated with x-ray, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and computed tomographic (CT) scans. Although most patients can be managed nonsurgically, those with significant neurological deficits and larger disc herniations may require surgery. METHODS: The symptoms of cervical radiculopathy include pain radiating down one or both arms, while myelopathy may result in more diffuse numbness tingling or weakness in the upper and/or lower extremities...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781156/evaluation-of-deformed-image-based-dose-calculations-for-adaptive-radiotherapy-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#7
Miranda Poon, Catherine Holborn, Ka Fai Cheng, Winky Wing Ki Fung, George Chiu
The ultimate goal of adaptive radiotherapy (ART) is to deliver truly customized radiation treatments. Currently, the quality of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images is still inferior to that of conventional CT images in contour delineations and dose calculations for replanning purposes. This retrospective study aims to evaluate the dosimetric accuracy of using deformed conventional CT images for dose calculations, in the hope of inferring the feasibility of ART using planning CT (PCT) images that deformed to up-to-date CBCT images for patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC)...
August 3, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776131/pure-distraction-injury-of-t1-2-with-quad-fever
#8
Jun-Yeong Seo, Chae-Moon Lim, Young-Hoon Kim, Kee-Yong Ha
INTRODUCTION: We report a pure distraction injury of the upper thoracic spine and uncontrolled hyperthermia without an infectious cause. Quad fever appears in the first several weeks to months after a cervical or upper thoracic SCI and is characterized by an extreme elevation in body core temperature beyond 40 °C without an infectious cause. Discriminating between infectious and noninfectious causes is important, and a thorough clinical assessment is required. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 52-year-old male visited the emergency room complaining of back pain with complete paralysis [American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) A] of both lower extremities after a pedestrian-motor vehicle accident...
August 3, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757523/operative-techniques-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-mini-hemilaminectomy-using-a-uniportal-approach-in-dogs
#9
Hee-Sup Moon, Yong-Hyun Hwang, Hee-Chun Lee, Jae-Hoon Lee
The present study aimed to investigate the technical feasibility of percutaneous endoscopic mini-hemilaminectomy via a uniportal approach, and to evaluate the possibility of decompression and endoscopic examination of the thoracic and lumbar spinal canals in small dogs during such procedures. Fresh canine cadavers of mixed-breed dogs (n=7) were used in this study. Following injection of a barium and agarose mixture (BA-gel) to stimulate intervertebral disc herniation, percutaneous endoscopic mini-hemilaminectomy was performed using a lateral approach to the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757244/inverse-modulation-of-motor-neuron-cellular-and-synaptic-properties-can-maintain-the-same-motor-output
#10
Thomas James McClelland, David Parker
Although often examined in isolation, a single neuromodulator typically has multiple cellular and synaptic effects. Here, we have examined the interaction of the cellular and synaptic effects of 5-HT in the lamprey spinal cord. 5-HT reduces the amplitude of glutamatergic synaptic inputs and the slow post-spike afterhyperpolarization (sAHP) in motor neurons. We examined the interaction between these effects using ventral root activity evoked by stimulation of the spinal cord. While 5-HT reduced excitatory glutamatergic synaptic inputs in motor neurons to approximately 60% of control, ventral root activity was not significantly affected...
July 28, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743454/convergence-of-primary-sensory-cortex-and-cerebellar-nuclei-pathways-in-the-whisker-system
#11
REVIEW
Carmen B Schäfer, Freek E Hoebeek
To safely maneuver through the environment the brain needs to compare active sensory information with ongoing motor programs. This process occurs at various levels in the brain: at the lower level, i.e., in the spinal cord, reflexes are generated for the most primitive motor responses; at the intermediate level, i.e., in the brainstem, various nuclei co-process sensory- and motor-related inputs; and, at the higher level cerebellum and thalamo-cortical networks individually compute suitable commands for fine-tuned motor output...
July 22, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739474/traumatic-subaxial-cervical-facet-subluxation-and-dislocation-epidemiology-radiographic-analyses-and-risk-factors-for-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Ryan D Quarrington, Claire F Jones, Petar Tcherveniakov, Jillian M Clark, Simon J I Sandler, Yu Chao Lee, Shabnam Torabiardakani, John J Costi, Brian J C Freeman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Distractive-flexion injuries (DFIs) of the subaxial cervical spine are major contributors to spinal cord injury (SCI). Prompt assessment and early intervention of DFIs associated with SCI is crucial to optimize patient outcome; however, neurological examination of patients with subaxial cervical injury is often difficult, as patients commonly present with reduced levels of consciousness. Therefore, it is important to establish potential associations between injury epidemiology and radiographic features, and neurological involvement...
July 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730695/concurrent-electrical-cervicomedullary-stimulation-and-cervical-transcutaneous-spinal-direct-current-stimulation-results-in-a-stimulus-interaction
#13
Siobhan C Dongés, Siwei Bai, Janet L Taylor
Transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS) can modulate neuronal excitability within the human spinal cord; however few studies have used tsDCS at a cervical level. This study aimed to further characterise cervical tsDCS by observing its acute effects on motor responses to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and cervicomedullary stimulation. In both Study 1 and 2, participants (Study 1: n = 8, 4F; Study 2: n = 8, 3F) received two periods of 10 min, 3 mA cervical tsDCS on the same day through electrodes placed in an anterior-posterior configuration over the neck; one period with the cathode posterior (c-tsDCS) and the other with the anode posterior (a-tsDCS)...
July 20, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720407/mechanical-properties-of-the-human-spinal-cord-under-the-compressive-loading
#14
Alireza Karimi, Ahmad Shojaei, Pedram Tehrani
The spinal cord as the most complex and critical part of the human body is responsible for the transmission of both motor and sensory impulses between the body and the brain. Due to its pivotal role any types of physical injury in that disrupts its function following by shortfalls, including the minor motor and sensory malfunctions as well as complicate quadriplegia and lifelong ventilator dependency. In order to shed light on the injuries to the spinal cord, the application of the computational models to simulate the trauma impact loading to that are deemed required...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715318/researching-fiber-networks-computational-modeling-of-complex-fibrous-tissue-geometries
#15
Sergey Makarov, Alvero Pascual Leone, Aapo Nummenmaa
Many types of human tissue-such as the brain and spinal cord of the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, and muscles, including the heart muscle-are fibrous in nature. Isotropic human models that assume homogeneous volumes for every individual tissue do not properly take this into account.
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709751/does-muscle-atrophy-and-fatty-infiltration-plateau-or-persist-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Cameron D Moore, B Catharine Craven, Lehana Thabane, Alexandra Papaioannou, Jonathan D Adachi, Lora M Giangregorio
Atrophy and fatty infiltration of lower extremity muscle after spinal cord injury (SCI) predisposes individuals to metabolic syndrome and related diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to prospectively measure changes in muscle atrophy and fat content of distal lower extremity muscles and explore related factors in a cohort of adults with chronic SCI and diverse impairments. Muscle cross-sectional area and density were calculated from peripheral quantitative computed tomography scans of the 66% site of the calf from 70 participants with chronic SCI (50 male, mean age 49 years, C2-T12, American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale A-D) at study enrollment and annually for 2 years...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708647/pneumocephalus-induced-oculomotor-nerve-palsy-after-atlanto-occipital-decompression-with-dural-plasty
#17
Yunfeng Han, Jianjun Sun, Zhenyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Pneumocephalus after posterior fossa craniotomy is very common. However, cranial nerve dysfunction secondary to pneumocephalus is a very rare phenomenon. PATIENT PRESENTATION: This case reports a patient who suffers from Chiari I malformation with syringomyelia in cervical spinal cord and develops unilateral oculomotor nerve palsy after atlanto-occipital decompression with dural plasty. CONCLUSIONS: Cranial nerve dysfunction caused by pneumocephalus after craniotomy is rare and easily misdiagnosed...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694601/spastic-quadriparesis-due-to-pathological-fracture-of-odontoid-secondary-to-carcinoma-prostate-a-rare-presentation
#18
Maneet Gill, M N Swamy, Vikas Maheshwari, T S Lingaraju, Aishik Mukherjee
Prostate carcinoma presenting as symptomatic metastases to atlantoaxial spine is extremely rare. Spastic quadriparesis due to pathological fracture of odontoid as the only initial manifestation without symptoms of primary malignancy is rarer still. We report a 64-year-old male who presented with progressive spastic quadriparesis along with urinary retention of 3 weeks duration. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging cervical spine and craniovertebral junction showed type III pathological fracture of odontoid with anterior translation of C1 with spinal cord compression...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690497/high-amplitude-eeg-motor-potential-during-repetitive-foot-movement-possible-use-and-challenges-for-futuristic-bcis-that-restore-mobility-after-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Aljoscha Thomschewski, Yvonne Höller, Peter Höller, Stefan Leis, Eugen Trinka
Recent advances in neuroprostheses provide us with promising ideas of how to improve the quality of life in people suffering from impaired motor functioning of upper and lower limbs. Especially for patients after spinal cord injury (SCI), futuristic devices that are controlled by thought via brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) might be of tremendous help in managing daily tasks and restoring at least some mobility. However, there are certain problems arising when trying to implement BCI technology especially in such a heterogenous patient group...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684744/learning-new-movements-after-paralysis-results-from-a-home-based-study
#20
Camilla Pierella, Farnaz Abdollahi, Elias Thorp, Ali Farshchiansadegh, Jessica Pedersen, Ismael Seáñez-González, Ferdinando A Mussa-Ivaldi, Maura Casadio
Body-machine interfaces (BMIs) decode upper-body motion for operating devices, such as computers and wheelchairs. We developed a low-cost portable BMI for survivors of cervical spinal cord injury and investigated it as a means to support personalized assistance and therapy within the home environment. Depending on the specific impairment of each participant, we modified the interface gains to restore a higher level of upper body mobility. The use of the BMI over one month led to increased range of motion and force at the shoulders in chronic survivors...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
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