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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918433/procalcitonin-and-c-reactive-protein-as-early-markers-of-postoperative-intra-abdominal-infection-in-patients-operated-on-colorectal-cancer
#1
E Domínguez-Comesaña, S M Estevez-Fernández, V López-Gómez, J Ballinas-Miranda, R Domínguez-Fernández
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of serum procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) for early diagnosis of postoperative intra-abdominal infections (PIAI) after elective surgery for colorectal cancer. METHODS: Prospective observational study including patients operated on for colorectal cancer between January and December of 2015 was performed. Serum PCT and CRP levels were measured before surgery and daily until postoperative day 3...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918404/combined-caesarean-with-splenectomy-in-pregnancy-with-portal-hypertension-defining-plausibility
#2
Manjunath Maruti Pol, Latika Uniyal Chawla, Yashwant Singh Rathore, Ritesh Goel
24-year-old woman at 28 weeks gestation was referred from peripheral hospital with diagnosis of pregnancy with portal hypertension. She had received multiple transfusion for pancytopaenia in the past and had undergone endoscopic sclerotherapy for oesophageal varices. Initially, she was admitted in our hospital at 28 weeks gestation for blood transfusion and was evaluated by multispecialty team of doctors. She was advised splenectomy for transfusion-dependent pancytopaenia secondary to hypersplenism in non-cirrhotic portal hypertension...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918058/reducible-peg-pod-dna-nanoparticles-for-gene-transfer-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-application-in-a-mouse-model-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#3
Bhanu Chandar Dasari, Siobhan M Cashman, Rajendra Kumar-Singh
Non-viral gene delivery systems are being developed to address limitations of viral gene delivery. Many of these non-viral systems are modeled on the properties of viruses including cell surface binding, endocytosis, endosomal escape, and nuclear targeting. Most non-viral gene transfer systems exhibit little correlation between in vitro and in vivo efficiency, hampering a systematic approach to their development. Previously, we have described a 3.5 kDa peptide (peptide for ocular delivery [POD]) that targets cell surface sialic acid...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917415/bilateral-corneal-epithelial-macrocysts-following-hyperopic-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis
#4
Mahmoud O Jaroudi, Carole G Cherfan, Shady T Awwad
A 27-year-old woman had microkeratome-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for moderate bilateral hyperopia. The preoperative ophthalmologic examination was unremarkable except for minimal lissamine green staining bilaterally on the nasal conjunctiva. On the first postoperative day, the uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 20/20 bilaterally and the corneas were clear. Four days later, the patient presented with mild blur in both eyes. Examination showed diffuse bilateral epithelial cysts encompassing the central 6...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916991/higher-physical-activity-and-lower-pain-levels-before-surgery-predict-non-improvement-of-knee-pain-1%C3%A2-year-after-tka
#5
Nikolai Kornilov, Maren Falch Lindberg, Caryl Gay, Alexander Saraev, Taras Kuliaba, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Anners Lerdal
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of pain during the first year following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and evaluate pre- and postoperative factors associated with pain and patient satisfaction at 1 year. It was hypothesized that more severe preoperative pain would be associated with more residual pain and lower patient satisfaction 1 year after surgery. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was performed with repeated measures of pain (0-10 numeric rating scale) and evaluation of other self-reported symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Fatigue Severity Score), daily functioning (Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale), quality of life (EQ-5D-3L), knee function (KSS Knee and Function Score), perioperative and clinical characteristics (e...
September 15, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916408/robot-assisted-kidney-transplantation-the-european-experience
#6
Alberto Breda, Angelo Territo, Luis Gausa, Volkan Tuğcu, Antonio Alcaraz, Mireia Musquera, Karel Decaestecker, Liesbeth Desender, Michael Stockle, Martin Janssen, Paolo Fornara, Nasreldin Mohammed, Giampaolo Siena, Sergio Serni, Luis Guirado, Carma Facundo, Nicolas Doumerc
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted kidney transplantation (RAKT) has recently been introduced to reduce the morbidity of open kidney transplantation (KT). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perioperative and early postoperative RAKT outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a multicenter prospective observational study of 120 patients who underwent RAKT, predominantly with a living donor kidney, in eight European institutions between July 2015 and May 2017, with minimum follow-up of 1 mo...
September 12, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915843/protective-effects-of-gaba-against-metabolic-and-reproductive-disturbances-in-letrozole-induced-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-rats
#7
Asad Ullah, Sarwat Jahan, Suhail Razak, Madeeha Pirzada, Hizb Ullah, Ali Almajwal, Naveed Rauf, Tayyaba Afsar
BACKGROUND: PCOs is a heterogeneous disorder with anovulation/oligo ovulation usually taken as oligo menorrhoea or amenorrhoea, hyperandrogenemia, hirsutism, acne, androgen alopecia and polycystic ovaries as the key diagnostic feathers. The study was undertaken to investigate the possible protective and ameliorating effects of GABA in Letrozole induced PCOS model in rats by targeting insulin resistance. METHODS: PCOs in Adult female rat was induced by the daily gastric administration of letrozole (1 mg/kg/day) in CMC (0...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915769/robotic-lymphadenectomy-of-an-internal-mammary-lymph-node-metastasis
#8
Ludovic Melly, Jean-Luc Jansens, Grégroy Kalscheuer, Asmae Belhaj, Benoît Rondelet
A 58-year-old woman was diagnosed with a left-sided lone internal mammary swollen lymph node on a routine follow-up computer tomography, 42 months after a left mastectomy in the context of a ductal carcinoma grade III. The suspected metastasis was successfully removed in toto using a 3-port-da Vinci robotic procedure and the patient was discharged home without any complication on the third postoperative day. Robotically assisted oncological lymph node removal is safe, easily performed and economically affordable...
September 15, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915211/minimally-invasive-laparoscopic-dissected-deep-inferior-epigastric-artery-perforator-flap-mild-diep-an-anatomic-feasibility-study-and-a-first-clinical-case
#9
Mikael Hivelin, Antoine Soprani, Nathaniel Schaffer, Stéphane Hans, Laurent Lantieri
The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is a workhorse of breast reconstruction. Risks of herniation derive from violation of the rectus abdominis muscle anterior rectus sheath (ARS) and might be reduced by Minimally Invasive Laparoscopic Dissection (MILD) of the deep inferior epigastric vessels. We performed a feasibility study on five anatomical subjects and performed a secondary right breast reconstruction on a 67 year-old woman. A 30° laparoscope was used with laparoscopy ports inset to preserve the flap...
September 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914703/length-of-catheter-use-after-hysterectomy-as-a-risk-factor-for-urinary-tract-infection
#10
Natalie E Karp, Emily K Kobernik, Neil S Kamdar, Amanda M Fore, Daniel M Morgan
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the effect of length of postoperative catheterization on risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) and to identify risk factors for postoperative UTI. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study. Demographic and perioperative data, including duration of indwelling catheter use and postoperative occurrence of UTI within 30 days of surgery, were analyzed for hysterectomies using the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative database...
September 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913550/oxidative-damage-and-genetic-toxicity-induced-by-dbp-in-earthworms-eisenia-fetida
#11
Guanying Wang, Jun Wang, Lusheng Zhu, Jinhua Wang, Hengzhou Li, Yizhang Zhang, Wenjun Liu, Jianpeng Gao
Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) is one of the most ubiquitous plasticizers used worldwide. However, it has negatives effects on the soil, water, atmosphere, and other environmental media and can cause serious pollution. According to the artificial soil test and previous studies, this study was conducted to evaluate the toxicity of earthworms induced by DBP at different concentrations (0, 0.1, 1.0, 10, and 50 mg kg(-1)) on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th days of exposure. The variations in the antioxidant activities of enzymes, such as catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), in the amounts of malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) and in the amount of DNA damage were measured to evaluate the toxic impact of DBP in earthworms...
September 14, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913284/comparison-study-of-the-use-of-absorbable-materials-as-internal-splints-with-airway-silicone-splint-and-absorbable-materials-as-internal-splints-alone
#12
So Young Ji, Seung Soo Kim, Ki Sung Park, Bong Soo Baik
BACKGROUND: Packing after closed reduction of nasal fracture causes uncomfortable nasal obstruction in patients. We packed the superior meatus with synthetic polyurethane foam (SPF) to support the nasal bone, and packed the middle nasal meatus with a nasal airway splint (NAS) and SPF. The aim of this article is prospectively to compare the subjective patient discomfort of SPF (Nasopore Forte plus) packing alone and SPF with NAS. METHODS: We compared the prospectively subjective patient discomfort of SPF packing alone (group A) and SPF with NAS (group B) via visual analog scale (VAS; 0, no symptom; 100, most severe symptom)...
December 2016: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912968/bimanual-microincision-cataract-surgery-versus-coaxial-microincision-cataract-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-cohort-studies
#13
Chenxi Fu, Naipin Chu, Xiaoning Yu, Ke Yao
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis was conducted to compare the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of bimanual microincision cataract surgery (B-MICS) and coaxial microincision cataract surgery (C-MICS). METHODS: Three databases were searched for papers that compared B-MICS and C-MICS from inception to June 2016. The following intraoperative and postoperative outcomes were included in the final meta-analysis: ultrasound time (UST), effective phacoemulsification time (EPT), balanced salt solution use (BSS use), mean surgery time, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central corneal thickness (CCT), and increased CCT...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912937/relieving-pain-in-oral-lesions-of-pemphigus-vulgaris-using-the-non-ablative-non-thermal-co2-laser-therapy-ntclt-preliminary-results-of-a-novel-approach
#14
Nasrin Zand, Parvin Mansouri, Mohsen Fateh, Leila Ataie-Fashtami, Samad Rezaee Khiabanloo, Farid Safar, Reza Chalangari, Katalin Martits, Afshan Shirkavand
Introduction: Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a chronic, serious autoimmune mucocutaneous bullous disease. Oral lesions in PV may be extremely painful. This pain may adversely affect the patients' oral intake and quality of life. This before-after clinical trial was designed to assess the pain relieving effects of single session of non-ablative, non-thermal CO2 laser therapy (NTCLT) in oral lesions of PV. Methods: Fifty painful oral lesions of fourteen patients with PV were illuminated by CO2 laser (power: 1 W, scanning the lesions with rapid circular motion of the handpiece) passing through a thick layer of transparent gel with high water content...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912919/intravenous-carnitine-administration-in-addition-to-parenteral-nutrition-with-lipid-emulsion-may-decrease-the-inflammatory-reaction-in-postoperative-surgical-patients
#15
Yu Koyama, Kazuki Moro, Masato Nakano, Kohei Miura, Masayuki Nagahashi, Shin-Ichi Kosugi, Junko Tsuchida, Mayuko Ikarashi, Masato Nakajima, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Takaaki Hanyu, Yoshifumi Shimada, Jun Sakata, Hitoshi Kameyama, Takashi Kobayashi, Toshifumi Wakai
BACKGROUND: A prospective randomized study was performed to investigate the validity of intravenous carnitine administration during postoperative parenteral nutrition (PN) with lipid emulsion. METHODS: Patients undergoing surgery for gastric or colorectal cancer were enrolled in the study and were randomly divided into two groups (n = 8 in each group): 1) group L, who received a peripheral PN (PPN) solution of 7.5% glucose, 30% amino acid, and 20% lipid emulsion; and 2) group LC, who received the same PPN solution, as well as carnitine intravenously...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912778/neuroprotective-effects-of-annexin-a1-tripeptide-after-deep-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest-in-rats
#16
Zhiquan Zhang, Qing Ma, Bijal Shah, G Burkhard Mackensen, Donald C Lo, Joseph P Mathew, Mihai V Podgoreanu, Niccolò Terrando
Resolution agonists, including lipid mediators and peptides such as annexin A1 (ANXA1), are providing novel approaches to treat inflammatory conditions. Surgical trauma exerts a significant burden on the immune system that can affect and impair multiple organs. Perioperative cerebral injury after cardiac surgery is associated with significant adverse neurological outcomes such as delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Using a clinically relevant rat model of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA), we tested the pro-resolving effects of a novel bioactive ANXA1 tripeptide (ANXA1sp) on neuroinflammation and cognition...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912411/-early-vats-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-was-effective-for-a-case-of-chylothorax-after-lung-cancer-excision
#17
Ken Takeuchi, Kazunori Kamiya, Akira Yoshizu
A 66-year-old man underwent a right upper lobectomy and lymph node dissection for lung cancer. We confirmed a milky white pleural effusion after diet initiation on the first postoperative day, and a chylothorax was diagnosed. The patient began a f at-restricted diet; however, the pleural effusion did not decrease. Therefore, we performed VATS(video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery)1 week after surgery with good results. Early VATS for a postoperative chylothorax was useful.
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912357/grazing-limits-natural-biological-controls-of-woody-encroachment-in-inner-mongolia-steppe
#18
Hongyu Guo, Linjing Guan, Yinhua Wang, Lina Xie, Chelse M Prather, Chunguang Liu, Chengcang Ma
Woody encroachment in grasslands has become increasingly problematic globally. Grazing by domestic animals can facilitate woody encroachment by reducing competition from herbaceous plants and fire frequency. Herbivorous insects and parasitic plants can each exert forces that result in the natural biological control of encroaching woody plants through reducing seeding of their host woody plants. Whereas, the interplay of grazing and dynamics of herbivorous insects or parasitic plants, and its effects on the potential biological control of woody encroachment in grasslands remain unclear...
September 13, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911536/biopharmaceutical-potentials-of-prosopis-spp-mimosaceae-leguminosa
#19
REVIEW
Santhaseelan Henciya, Prabha Seturaman, Arthur Rathinam James, Yi-Hong Tsai, Rahul Nikam, Yang-Chang Wu, Hans-Uwe Dahms, Fang Rong Chang
Prosopis is a commercially important plant genus, which has been used since ancient times, particularly for medicinal purposes. Traditionally, Paste, gum, and smoke from leaves and pods are applied for anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial purposes. Components of Prosopis such as flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, quinones, or phenolic compounds demonstrate potentials in various biofunctions, such as analgesic, anthelmintic, antibiotic, antiemetic, microbial antioxidant, antimalarial, antiprotozoal, antipustule, and antiulcer activities; enhancement of H(+), K(+), ATPases; oral disinfection; and probiotic and nutritional effects; as well as in other biopharmaceutical applications, such as binding abilities for tablet production...
January 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906389/risk-factor-analysis-for-nonocclusive-mesenteric-ischemia-following-cardiac-surgery-a-case-control-study
#20
Ju Yong Lim, Joon Bum Kim, Sung Ho Jung, Suk Jung Choo, Cheol Hyun Chung, Jae Won Lee
Although rare, postcardiac surgery nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is a life-threatening condition. Identifying the risk factors for NOMI during immediate postoperative period may help early detection and intervention, which leads to improved clinical outcomes. The objective of this study was to identify the clinical features and risk factors of NOMI for prognosis identification after cardiac surgery, focusing on immediate postoperative parameters.Among 9445 patients who underwent cardiac surgery over a span of 9 years, 40 NOMI cases (0...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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