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Gastric cancer hepatitis c

Yosuke Kasai, Kan Toriguchi, Etsuro Hatano, Kiyoto Nishi, Mikiko Ohno, Tomoaki Yoh, Keita Fukuyama, Takahiro Nishio, Masayuki Okuno, Keiko Iwaisako, Satoru Seo, Kojiro Taura, Masato Kurokawa, Makoto Kunichika, Shinji Uemoto, Eiichiro Nishi
Nardilysin (NRDC) is a metalloendopeptidase of the M16 family. We previously showed that NRDC activates inflammatory cytokine signaling, including interleukin-6-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling. NRDC has been implicated in the promotion of breast, gastric, and esophageal cancer, as well as the development of liver fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the role of NRDC in the promotion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), both clinically and experimentally. We found that NRDC expression was up-regulated 3-fold in HCC tissue compared to the adjacent non-tumor liver tissue, which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and western blotting...
February 16, 2017: Cancer Science
Dong Jin Kim, Cho Hyun Park, Wook Kim, Hyung Min Jin, Jin Jo Kim, Han Hong Lee, Jun Hyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) in gastric cancer patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) has rarely been reported. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the feasibility of LG compared with that of open gastrectomy (OG) for LC patients. METHODS: Of the 75 LC patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer between April 2005 and March 2014, 36 patients who underwent LG were compared with 39 patients who underwent OG. Comparisons were based on clinicopathologic characteristics, surgical outcomes, and long-term survival rates...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
Shosuke Kawanishi, Shiho Ohnishi, Ning Ma, Yusuke Hiraku, Shinji Oikawa, Mariko Murata
Infection and chronic inflammation have been recognized as important factors for carcinogenesis. Under inflammatory conditions, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are generated from inflammatory and epithelial cells, and result in the formation of oxidative and nitrative DNA lesions, such as 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) and 8-nitroguanine. The DNA damage can cause mutations and has been implicated in inflammation-mediated carcinogenesis. It has been estimated that various infectious agents are carcinogenic to humans (IARC group 1), including bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H...
2017: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
Cheng-Kun Wu, Chih-Ming Liang, Chien-Ning Hsu, Tsung-Hsing Hung, Lan-Ting Yuan, Seng-Howe Nguang, Jiunn-Wei Wang, Kuo-Lun Tseng, Ming-Kun Ku, Shih-Cheng Yang, Wei-Chen Tai, Chih-Wei Shih, Pin-I Hsu, Deng-Chyang Wu, Seng-Kee Chuah
The impact of adjuvant acid suppression via proton pump inhibitors or histamine-2 receptor antagonists after endoscopic variceal ligation remains uncertain. We therefore aimed to evaluate the effect of adjuvant acid suppression on the rebleeding and mortality rates in patients who received endoscopic variceal ligation and vasoconstrictor therapy for bleeding esophageal varices. Data from 1997 to 2011 were extracted from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. A total of 1576 cirrhotic patients aged > 18 years with a primary diagnosis of acute esophageal variceal bleeding who received endoscopic variceal ligation therapy were screened...
2017: PloS One
Tao Jiang, Hongjun Zhang, Xiguang Liu, Hao Song, Ruyong Yao, Jianbin Li, Yuanyuan Zhao
Oxaliplatin (L-OHP) is a platinum compound that is widely used to treat certain solid tumors, including gastric tumors. L-OHP is an effective anti-cancer treatment; however, its usage increases the probability of patients developing hepatic injury with inflammation, referred to as chemotherapy-associated steatohepatitis. The present study aimed to evaluate the outcome of L-OHP treatment combined with polyenephosphatidylcholine (PPC), a major component of essential phospholipids used to treat steatohepatitis, on SGC-7901 gastric cancer cell proliferation...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
Haruyoshi Tanaka, Mitsuro Kanda, Dai Shimizu, Chie Tanaka, Daisuke Kobayashi, Masamichi Hayashi, Naoki Iwata, Suguru Yamada, Tsutomu Fujii, Goro Nakayama, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yukiko Niwa, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) relapse can occur even if curative resection is achieved. Biomarkers predicting recurrence are needed to provide appropriate postoperative surveillance and perioperative therapeutic strategy. METHODS: A global expression profiling was performed using tissues from GC patients with synchronous liver-confined metastasis. Family with sequence similarity 46, member C (FAM46C), was identified as a candidate biomarker. mRNA expression analysis, direct nucleotide sequencing, bisulfite sequencing and copy number assays for FAM46C were performed with eleven GC cell lines...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Nurdan Tözün, Eser Vardareli
Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers are the leading cause of mortality worldwide. These cancers are the end result of a complex interplay between gene and environment. Bacteria, parasites, and viruses have been implicated in some cancers. Recent data have put at focus the gut microbiome as the key player firing tumorigenesis. Experimental and human studies have provided evidence on the role of microbiota in cancer development. Although subject to changes in different settings such as antibiotic treatment, diet or lifestyle, our microbiome is quite stable and is capable of increasing susceptibility to cancer or decrease and halt its progression...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Hang Lu, Xue-Feng Yang, Xiao-Qing Tian, Shou-Long Tang, Lian-Qian Li, Shuang Zhao, Hua-Chuan Zheng
Here, we found that both SAHA and MG132 synergistically inhibited proliferation, glycolysis and mitochondrial oxidization, induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in MGC-803 and MKN28 cells. SAHA increased cell migration and invasionat a low concentration. SAHA induced the overexpression of acetyl histone 3 and 4, which were recruited to p21, p27, Cyclin D1, c-myc and nanog promoters to transcriptionally up-regulate the former two and down-regulate the latter three. The expression of acetyl-histone 3 and 4 was increased during gastric carcinogenesis and positively correlated with cancer differentiation...
August 30, 2016: Oncotarget
Takafumi Sato, Akio Saiura, Yosuke Inoue, Yu Takahashi, Junichi Arita, Nobuyuki Takemura
BACKGROUND: A distal pancreatectomy with en bloc celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) is indicated for left-sided locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. However, ischemic complication resulting from the sacrifice of the common hepatic artery and left gastric artery (LGA) remain problematic. The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility of DP-CAR with preservation or reconstruction of the left gastric artery. METHOD: Between April 2011 and December 2014, we treated 17 cases using DP-CAR with preservation or reconstruction of the LGA...
September 2016: World Journal of Surgery
L J Wang, Y M Zhang, Y L Deng, H Zheng, C Pan, Z Y Shen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and outcome of liver transplantation in the treatment of liver metastatic cancer. METHODS: Four patients with pathologically confirmed liver metastatic cancer underwent liver transplantation, including one of liver metastases from pancreatic endocrine tumor, one from rectal endocrine tumor, one from stomach stromal tumor and one from colorectal carcinoma. Classic surgical method was adopted, i. e. orthotopic liver transplantation for the recipients and transplants came from cadaveric donors...
May 23, 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
G A M Tiberio, S Ministrini, A Gardini, D Marrelli, A Marchet, C Cipollari, L Graziosi, C Pedrazzani, G L Baiocchi, G La Barba, F Roviello, A Donini, G de Manzoni
PURPOSE: To investigate clinical factors influencing the prognosis of patients submitted to hepatectomy for metastases from gastric cancer and their clinical role. METHODS: Retrospective multi-center chart review. We evaluated how survival from surgery was influenced by patient-related, gastric cancer-related, metastasis-related and treatment-related candidate prognostic factors. RESULTS: One hundred and five patients submitted to hepatectomy for metastases from gastric cancer, in the synchronous and metachronous setting of the disease...
August 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Reem Waziry, Mohammed Jawad, Rami A Ballout, Mohammad Al Akel, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A systematic review conducted in 2008 found significant associations between waterpipe tobacco smoking and lung cancer, respiratory disease, periodontal disease and low birthweight. Since then, a number of relevant studies have been published. The objective of this study was to update the systematic review on the effects of waterpipe tobacco smoking on health outcomes. METHODS: In May 2015 we electronically searched the following databases with no date restrictions: MEDLINE, EMBASE and the ISI Web of Science using a detailed search strategy with no language restrictions...
April 13, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
V K Kapoor
UNLABELLED: Pancreato-duodenectomy (PD) is the procedure of choice for management of resectable periampullary and pancreatic cancers and some patients with chronic pancreatitis. PD is one of the most major GI/ HPB surgical procedures performed involving resection of multiple organs and reconstruction with multiple anastomoses. While mortality of PD has been brought down to less than 5% morbidity still remains high.Patients undergoing PD are usually elderly with comorbidities - general complications of a major operation e...
February 2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Y Teng, Y C Fan, N N Mu, J Zhao, F K Sun, K Wang
Promoter methylation of tumor suppressor gene SOX11 has been reported to contribute to the diagnosis and prognosis of various cancerous diseases, including gastric cancer, hematopoietic malignancies and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. However, there is no data on the diagnostic potential of serum SOX11 promoter methylation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study was therefore aimed to investigate the potential role of serum SOX11 promoter methylation as a noninvasive biomarker in the diagnosis of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) associated HCC...
2016: Neoplasma
Weiwei Jin, Xiaowu Xu, Yiping Mou, Renchao Zhang, Chao Lu, Miaozun Zhang, Yucheng Zhou, Jingrui Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy(LPD). METHODS: Data of 66 patients from Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital undergoing LPD from September 2012 to September 2014 were reviewed. There were 44 male and 22 female with the mean age of (58.7±10.3) years and mean body mass index of (23.5±3.9)kg/m(2). Forty-five patients presented the symptoms and four of all had the history of abdominal surgery, including 2 cases of laparoscopic pancreatic surgery...
February 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
L Benhaim, C Honoré, D Goéré, J-B Delhorme, D Elias
BACKGROUND: Complete cytoreductive surgery (CCRS) plus Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) is the best-known treatment for pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). In 30% of the cases, PMP realize a widespread involvement of the peritoneal cavity. In these extreme situations, we developed, devoted strategies to optimize the feasibility and safety of CCRS. This study describes the surgical resections required for CCRS and the consequent approaches that we propose to achieve CCRS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We defined "huge PMP" by a peritoneal cancer index (PCI) ≥ 28...
April 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
H Ptok, I Gastinger, S Wolff, C Bruns, H Lippert
BACKGROUND: The benefits of primary tumor resection in metastatic disease remains a matter of debate. Existing data are almost exclusively limited to results from retrospective analyses. Data from prospective, randomized trials are currently not available. AIM: The results from two prospective observational studies involving gastric and rectal cancer patients are presented and discussed in the context of the available literature. METHOD: Based on data collected within the prospective quality assurance studies on gastric and rectal cancer conducted by the Institute for Quality Assurance in Surgery at Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany, the long-term outcome after palliative primary tumor resection in patients with International Union Against Cancer (UICC) stage IV rectal cancer (2005-2008, n = 2046) and metastatic gastric cancer (2007-2009, n = 687) was analyzed and compared to published data...
March 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Yuichiro Sato, Takanori Kubo, Kinjiro Morimoto, Kazuyoshi Yanagihara, Toshio Seyama
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas fluorescens lectin (PFL) belongs to a recently discovered anti-HIV lectin family and induces anoikis-like cell death of MKN28 gastric cancer cells by causing α2 integrin internalization through recognition of high mannose glycans; however, the detailed anti-cancer mechanism is not fully elucidated. METHODS: Cell adherence potency of MKN28 upon PFL treatment was assessed using a colorimetric assay. Cell surface molecules to which PFL bound were identified by peptide mass finger printing with Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry and their cellular localization determined by immunofluorescence microscopy...
2015: BMC Cancer
Takahiko Tanigawa, Yasunori Hasuike, Yousuke Akiyama, Ichiro Higuchi, Akira Ishikawa, Atsuya Okada, Makoto Miyamoto
The patient was an 83-year-old man who underwent distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer (T3, N1, M0, P0, M0, stage ⅡB) at a different hospital from ours. A metastatic lesion was detected in the liver 5 months after gastrectomy. Although chemotherapy with S-1 or bi-weekly CPT-11 was administered for 6 months, the liver tumor increased in size. The patient was referred to our hospital for treatment of the liver metastasis. Abdominal-computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a solitary metastatic liver tumor (9 cm in diameter: S7/S6/S8) with a hypervascular tumor stain...
November 2015: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Z Yang, Y Lu, Q Xu, X Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of age on the treatment comprising peginterferon plus ribavirin administered to patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 314 patients with CHC treated with peginterferon plus ribavirin were classified into three categories according to age. The efficacy and safety outcomes were compared between groups. RESULTS: Elderly patients yielded significantly lower rapid virological response and sustained virological response (SVR) (31...
January 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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