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Gastric cancer hepatitis c

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039494/internal-driving-factors-leading-to-extrahepatic-manifestation-of-the-hepatitis%C3%A2-c-virus-infection
#1
Zhou-Yi Wu, Jian-Rui Li, Meng-Hao Huang, Jun-Jun Cheng, Hu Li, Jin-Hua Chen, Xiao-Qin Lv, Zong-Gen Peng, Jian-Dong Jiang
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with various extrahepatic manifestations, which are correlated with poor outcomes, and thus increase the morbidity and mortality of chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Therefore, understanding the internal linkages between systemic manifestations and HCV infection is helpful for treatment of CHC. Yet, the mechanism by which the virus evokes the systemic diseases remains to be elucidated. In the present study, using gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and signaling pathway impact analysis (SPIA), a comprehensive analysis of microarray data of mRNAs was conducted in HCV-infected and -uninfected Huh7...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960448/environmental-contributions-to-gastrointestinal-and-liver-cancer-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#2
REVIEW
Kwang-Pil Ko, Aesun Shin, Sooyoung Cho, Sue K Park, Keun-Young Yoo
In the Asia-Pacific region, gastric, colorectal and hepatocellular [liver] cancer show substantial regional variation in incidence consistent with the presence of important environmental factors. For gastric cancer, global incidence is concentrated in Asia with substantially higher rates in East Asia than in South-East Asia and Australia. The differences in incidence rates for gastric cancer in the Asia-Pacific region may be due, in part, to differences in the prevalence of H. pylori infection and the prevalence of H...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916623/efficacy-of-radioembolization-with-holmium-166-microspheres-in-salvage-patients-with-liver-metastases-a-phase-2-study
#3
Jip F Prince, Maurice A A J van den Bosch, J F W Nijsen, Maarten L J Smits, Andor F van den Hoven, Stavros Nikolakopoulos, Frank J Wessels, Rutger C G Bruijnen, Manon Braat, Bernard A Zonnenberg, Marnix Lam
Rationale: Radioembolization of liver malignancies with holmium-166 (166Ho) microspheres has been shown safe in a phase 1 dose-escalation study. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of 166Ho radioembolization. Methods: In this prospective single-arm study, 56 patients were enrolled, all with liver metastases refractory to systemic therapy and ineligible for surgical resection. Radioembolization was performed with a projected average absorbed dose of 60 Gy to the liver (equal to 3.8 GBq/kg liver tissue)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882769/adjuvant-hepatic-artery-infusion-chemotherapy-after-hemihepatectomy-for-gastric-cancer-liver-metastases
#4
Yasuyuki Fukami, Yuji Kaneoka, Atsuyuki Maeda, Yuichi Takayama, Takamasa Takahashi, Masahito Uji, Takashi Kumada
BACKGROUND: The most frequent pattern of recurrence is remnant liver after hepatectomy for gastric cancer liver metastases (GLM). The evidence of adjuvant hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) after hepatectomy for GLM is lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant HAIC after hemihepatectomy for GLM. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2012, 14 patients who underwent hemihepatectomy for GLM were included in this study. Adjuvant HAIC to the remnant hemiliver was the FEM regimen (333 mg/m(2) 5-fluorouracil each week, 30 mg/m(2) epirubicin once every 4 weeks, and 2...
October 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833619/cost-effective-options-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-gastrointestinal-and-liver-disease-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#5
REVIEW
Ian C Roberts-Thomson, Thomas Lung
The Asia-Pacific region contains more than half of the world's population and is markedly heterogeneous in relation to income levels and the provision of public and private health services. For low-income countries, the major health priorities are child and maternal health. In contrast, priorities for high-income countries include vascular disease, cancer, diabetes, dementia and mental health disorders as well as chronic inflammatory disorders such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Cost-effectiveness analyses are methods for assessing the gains in health relative to the costs of different health interventions...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807841/racial-disparity-in-gastrointestinal-cancer-risk
#6
REVIEW
Hassan Ashktorab, Sonia S Kupfer, Hassan Brim, John M Carethers
Cancer from the gastrointestinal tract and its associated excretory organs will occur in more than 300,000 Americans in 2017, with colorectal cancer responsible for >40% of that burden; there will be more than 150,000 deaths from this group of cancers in the same time period. Disparities among subgroups related to the incidence and mortality of these cancers exist. The epidemiology and risk factors associated with each cancer bear out differences for racial groups in the United States. Esophageal adenocarcinoma is more frequent in non-Hispanic whites, whereas esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with risk factors of tobacco and alcohol is more frequent among blacks...
October 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728301/-surgical-resection-for-gastric-cancer-patients-with-liver-metastasis
#7
Y J Liu, G C Wang, X B Wan, Y Cheng, Y C Wang, X Y Liu, G S Han
Objective: To explore the surgical results and clinicopathological features of gastric cancer patients with liver metastases. Methods: The clinicopathological data and post-operative survival of 37 patients who underwent resection of liver metastasis from gastric cancer at our department from Dec. 2007 to Dec. 2014 were analyzed. Results: The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates after resection were 91.4%, 57.9%, and 22.0%, respectively, with a median survival of 37 months. Univariate analysis revealed that lymph node metastasis, multiple hepatic metastases and no preoperative chemotherapy are unfavorable prognostic factors for overall survival...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207963/nardilysin-promotes-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-activation-of-signal-transducer-and-activator-of-transcription-3
#8
Yosuke Kasai, Kan Toriguchi, Etsuro Hatano, Kiyoto Nishi, Mikiko Ohno, Tomoaki Yoh, Keita Fukuyama, Takahiro Nishio, Masayuki Okuno, Keiko Iwaisako, Satoru Seo, Kojiro Taura, Masato Kurokawa, Makoto Kunichika, Shinji Uemoto, Eiichiro Nishi
Nardilysin (NRDC) is a metalloendopeptidase of the M16 family. We previously showed that NRDC activates inflammatory cytokine signaling, including interleukin-6-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling. NRDC has been implicated in the promotion of breast, gastric and esophageal cancer, as well as the development of liver fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the role of NRDC in the promotion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), both clinically and experimentally. We found that NRDC expression was upregulated threefold in HCC tissue compared to the adjacent non-tumor liver tissue, which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and western blotting...
May 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205032/safety-of-laparoscopic-radical-gastrectomy-in-gastric-cancer-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#9
Dong Jin Kim, Cho Hyun Park, Wook Kim, Hyung Min Jin, Jin Jo Kim, Han Hong Lee, Jun Hyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) in gastric cancer patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) has rarely been reported. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the feasibility of LG compared with that of open gastrectomy (OG) for LC patients. METHODS: Of the 75 LC patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer between April 2005 and March 2014, 36 patients who underwent LG were compared with 39 patients who underwent OG. Comparisons were based on clinicopathologic characteristics, surgical outcomes, and long-term survival rates...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163802/nitrative-and-oxidative-dna-damage-in-infection-related-carcinogenesis-in-relation-to-cancer-stem-cells
#10
REVIEW
Shosuke Kawanishi, Shiho Ohnishi, Ning Ma, Yusuke Hiraku, Shinji Oikawa, Mariko Murata
Infection and chronic inflammation have been recognized as important factors for carcinogenesis. Under inflammatory conditions, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are generated from inflammatory and epithelial cells, and result in the formation of oxidative and nitrative DNA lesions, such as 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) and 8-nitroguanine. The DNA damage can cause mutations and has been implicated in inflammation-mediated carcinogenesis. It has been estimated that various infectious agents are carcinogenic to humans (IARC group 1), including bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H...
2017: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118373/the-role-of-adjuvant-acid-suppression-on-the-outcomes-of-bleeding-esophageal-varices-after-endoscopic-variceal-ligation
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cheng-Kun Wu, Chih-Ming Liang, Chien-Ning Hsu, Tsung-Hsing Hung, Lan-Ting Yuan, Seng-Howe Nguang, Jiunn-Wei Wang, Kuo-Lun Tseng, Ming-Kun Ku, Shih-Cheng Yang, Wei-Chen Tai, Chih-Wei Shih, Pin-I Hsu, Deng-Chyang Wu, Seng-Kee Chuah
The impact of adjuvant acid suppression via proton pump inhibitors or histamine-2 receptor antagonists after endoscopic variceal ligation remains uncertain. We therefore aimed to evaluate the effect of adjuvant acid suppression on the rebleeding and mortality rates in patients who received endoscopic variceal ligation and vasoconstrictor therapy for bleeding esophageal varices. Data from 1997 to 2011 were extracted from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. A total of 1576 cirrhotic patients aged > 18 years with a primary diagnosis of acute esophageal variceal bleeding who received endoscopic variceal ligation therapy were screened...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101212/effect-of-oxaliplatin-combined-with-polyenephosphatidylcholine-on-the-proliferation-of-human-gastric-cancer-sgc-7901-cells
#12
Tao Jiang, Hongjun Zhang, Xiguang Liu, Hao Song, Ruyong Yao, Jianbin Li, Yuanyuan Zhao
Oxaliplatin (L-OHP) is a platinum compound that is widely used to treat certain solid tumors, including gastric tumors. L-OHP is an effective anti-cancer treatment; however, its usage increases the probability of patients developing hepatic injury with inflammation, referred to as chemotherapy-associated steatohepatitis. The present study aimed to evaluate the outcome of L-OHP treatment combined with polyenephosphatidylcholine (PPC), a major component of essential phospholipids used to treat steatohepatitis, on SGC-7901 gastric cancer cell proliferation...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770343/fam46c-serves-as-a-predictor-of-hepatic-recurrence-in-patients-with-resectable-gastric-cancer
#13
Haruyoshi Tanaka, Mitsuro Kanda, Dai Shimizu, Chie Tanaka, Daisuke Kobayashi, Masamichi Hayashi, Naoki Iwata, Suguru Yamada, Tsutomu Fujii, Goro Nakayama, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yukiko Niwa, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) relapse can occur even if curative resection is achieved. Biomarkers predicting recurrence are needed to provide appropriate postoperative surveillance and perioperative therapeutic strategy. METHODS: A global expression profiling was performed using tissues from GC patients with synchronous liver-confined metastasis. Family with sequence similarity 46, member C (FAM46C), was identified as a candidate biomarker. mRNA expression analysis, direct nucleotide sequencing, bisulfite sequencing and copy number assays for FAM46C were performed with eleven GC cell lines...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741173/gut-microbiome-and-gastrointestinal-cancer-les-liaisons-dangereuses
#14
Nurdan Tözün, Eser Vardareli
Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers are the leading cause of mortality worldwide. These cancers are the end result of a complex interplay between gene and environment. Bacteria, parasites, and viruses have been implicated in some cancers. Recent data have put at focus the gut microbiome as the key player firing tumorigenesis. Experimental and human studies have provided evidence on the role of microbiota in cancer development. Although subject to changes in different settings such as antibiotic treatment, diet or lifestyle, our microbiome is quite stable and is capable of increasing susceptibility to cancer or decrease and halt its progression...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447743/the-in-vitro-and-vivo-anti-tumor-effects-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-suberoylanilide-hydroxamic-acid-saha-and-mg132-on-the-aggressive-phenotypes-of-gastric-cancer-cells
#15
Hang Lu, Xue-Feng Yang, Xiao-Qing Tian, Shou-Long Tang, Lian-Qian Li, Shuang Zhao, Hua-Chuan Zheng
Here, we found that both SAHA and MG132 synergistically inhibited proliferation, glycolysis and mitochondrial oxidization, induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in MGC-803 and MKN28 cells. SAHA increased cell migration and invasionat a low concentration. SAHA induced the overexpression of acetyl histone 3 and 4, which were recruited to p21, p27, Cyclin D1, c-myc and nanog promoters to transcriptionally up-regulate the former two and down-regulate the latter three. The expression of acetyl-histone 3 and 4 was increased during gastric carcinogenesis and positively correlated with cancer differentiation...
August 30, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198999/distal-pancreatectomy-with-en-bloc-resection-of-the-celiac-axis-with-preservation-or-reconstruction-of-the-left-gastric-artery-in-patients-with-pancreatic-body-cancer
#16
Takafumi Sato, Akio Saiura, Yosuke Inoue, Yu Takahashi, Junichi Arita, Nobuyuki Takemura
BACKGROUND: A distal pancreatectomy with en bloc celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) is indicated for left-sided locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. However, ischemic complication resulting from the sacrifice of the common hepatic artery and left gastric artery (LGA) remain problematic. The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility of DP-CAR with preservation or reconstruction of the left gastric artery. METHOD: Between April 2011 and December 2014, we treated 17 cases using DP-CAR with preservation or reconstruction of the LGA...
September 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188613/-clinical-analysis-of-liver-transplantation-in-treatment-of-liver-metastatic-cancer
#17
L J Wang, Y M Zhang, Y L Deng, H Zheng, C Pan, Z Y Shen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and outcome of liver transplantation in the treatment of liver metastatic cancer. METHODS: Four patients with pathologically confirmed liver metastatic cancer underwent liver transplantation, including one of liver metastases from pancreatic endocrine tumor, one from rectal endocrine tumor, one from stomach stromal tumor and one from colorectal carcinoma. Classic surgical method was adopted, i. e. orthotopic liver transplantation for the recipients and transplants came from cadaveric donors...
May 23, 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134189/factors-influencing-survival-after-hepatectomy-for-metastases-from-gastric-cancer
#18
G A M Tiberio, S Ministrini, A Gardini, D Marrelli, A Marchet, C Cipollari, L Graziosi, C Pedrazzani, G L Baiocchi, G La Barba, F Roviello, A Donini, G de Manzoni
PURPOSE: To investigate clinical factors influencing the prognosis of patients submitted to hepatectomy for metastases from gastric cancer and their clinical role. METHODS: Retrospective multi-center chart review. We evaluated how survival from surgery was influenced by patient-related, gastric cancer-related, metastasis-related and treatment-related candidate prognostic factors. RESULTS: One hundred and five patients submitted to hepatectomy for metastases from gastric cancer, in the synchronous and metachronous setting of the disease...
August 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075769/the-effects-of-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-on-health-outcomes-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Reem Waziry, Mohammed Jawad, Rami A Ballout, Mohammad Al Akel, Elie A Akl
Background and aims: A systematic review conducted in 2008 found significant associations between waterpipe tobacco smoking and lung cancer, respiratory disease, periodontal disease and low birthweight. Since then, a number of relevant studies have been published. The objective of this study was to update the systematic review on the effects of waterpipe tobacco smoking on health outcomes. Methods: In May 2015 we electronically searched the following databases with no date restrictions: MEDLINE, EMBASE and the ISI Web of Science using a detailed search strategy with no language restrictions...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27008166/complications-of-pancreato-duodenectomy
#20
REVIEW
V K Kapoor
UNLABELLED: Pancreato-duodenectomy (PD) is the procedure of choice for management of resectable periampullary and pancreatic cancers and some patients with chronic pancreatitis. PD is one of the most major GI/ HPB surgical procedures performed involving resection of multiple organs and reconstruction with multiple anastomoses. While mortality of PD has been brought down to less than 5% morbidity still remains high.Patients undergoing PD are usually elderly with comorbidities - general complications of a major operation e...
February 2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
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