keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gastric cancer hepatitis c

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966621/neuropilin-1-nrp1-is-a-novel-tumor-marker-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Jiafei Lin, Yingwei Zhang, Jiemin Wu, Li Li, Ning Chen, Peihua Ni, Lihua Song, Xiangfan Liu
BACKGROUND: TEA domain transcription factor (TEAD) has an oncogenic role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, whether a membrane protein can serve not only as a tumor marker that reflects TEAD function but also as a therapeutic target that stimulates tumorigenesis in HCC remains unknown. METHODS: Tissue NRP1 was measured using immunohistochemistry. Cell viability, colony formation and caspase3/7 activity were assessed using MTT, soft agar and caspase 3/7 Glo assays, respectively...
June 29, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788728/clinical-characteristics-and-treatments-of-patients-with-alpha-fetoprotein-producing-gastric-carcinoma
#2
W Gong, Y Su, A Liu, J Liu, D Sun, T Jiang, J Xiang, C Chi, P Sun
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a well-known tumor marker of hepatic carcinoma and yolk sac tumor. Alpha-fetoprotein producing gastric carcinoma (AFPGC) is a rare type of gastric cancer with high malignancy and poor prognosis, which make it different from other types of gastric cancer. This rare gastric cancer patient subgroup is likely frequently misdiagnosed which may be related to lack of knowledge of the disease. The purpose of this article is to summarize the mechanism of AFP positive gastric cancer, classification, biological behavior and treatment, in order to assist clinical practitioners to detect AFPGC earlier and treat it better...
March 14, 2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786110/multi%C3%A2-layered-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-inflammation-organ-fibrosis-and-cancer-associated-with-canonical-wnt-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-catenin-signaling-activation-review
#3
Masaru Katoh
β‑catenin/CTNNB1 is an intracellular scaffold protein that interacts with adhesion molecules (E‑cadherin/CDH1, N‑cadherin/CDH2, VE‑cadherin/CDH5 and α‑catenins), transmembrane‑type mucins (MUC1/CD227 and MUC16/CA125), signaling regulators (APC, AXIN1, AXIN2 and NHERF1/EBP50) and epigenetic or transcriptional regulators (BCL9, BCL9L, CREBBP/CBP, EP300/p300, FOXM1, MED12, SMARCA4/BRG1 and TCF/LEF). Gain‑of‑function CTTNB1 mutations are detected in bladder cancer, colorectal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer and uterine cancer, whereas loss‑of‑function CTNNB1 mutations are also detected in human cancer...
August 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741294/synaptotagmin-xiii-expression-and-peritoneal-metastasis-in-gastric-cancer
#4
M Kanda, D Shimizu, H Tanaka, C Tanaka, D Kobayashi, M Hayashi, H Takami, Y Niwa, S Yamada, T Fujii, H Sugimoto, Y Kodera
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal metastasis is a frequent cause of death in patients with gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to identify molecules responsible for mediating peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer. METHODS: Transcriptome and bioinformatics analyses were conducted to identify molecules associated with peritoneal metastasis. The therapeutic effects of intraperitoneally administered small interfering (si) RNA were evaluated using mouse xenograft models...
May 9, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669332/paritaprevir-ritonavir-ombitasvir-plus-dasabuvir-regimen-in-the-treatment-of-genotype-1-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-in-patients-with-severe-renal-impairment-and-end-stage-renal-disease-a-real-life-cohort
#5
Jan Sperl, Miluse Kreidlova, Dusan Merta, Klara Chmelova, Renata Senkerikova, Sona Frankova
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) virus infection reactivates under immunosuppressive drugs and therefore has a negative impact on long-term survival of kidney transplant recipients. Treatment-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in kidney transplant candidates prevents virus reactivation after transplantation. Paritaprevir/Ritonavir/Ombitasvir with Dasabuvir (PrOD) represents a highly effective treatment regimen for HCV genotype 1 (GT1), also suitable for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...
2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435059/macc1-and-hgf-are-associated-with-survival-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#6
Guokai Dong, Man Wang, Guangfu Gu, Shanshan Li, Xiaoming Sun, Zhouru Li, Hongxing Cai, Zhengqiu Zhu
Metastasis-associsated in colon cancer 1 (MACC1), a newly identified oncogene, promotes tumor cell proliferation and invasion. In the present study, the expression of MACC1, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor, MET proto-oncogene (c-Met), was investigated in human gastric cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues by immunohistochemistry. The association between the expression levels of the proteins and the clinicopathological parameters of the tumors were statistically analyzed. Furthermore, lentiviral particles expressing MACC1 were used to infect the hepatic satellite cell (HSC) line LX2...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388027/risk-assessment-integrated-qbd-approach-for-development-of-optimized-bicontinuous-mucoadhesive-limicubes-for-oral-delivery-of-rosuvastatin
#7
Md Noushad Javed, Kanchan Kohli, Saima Amin
Statins are widely prescribed for hyperlipidemia, cancer, and Alzheimer's disease but are facing some inherent challenges such as low solubility and drug loading, higher hepatic metabolism, as well as instability at gastric pH. So, relatively higher circulating dose, required for exerting the therapeutic benefits, leads to dose-mediated severe toxicity. Furthermore, due to low biocompatibility, high toxicity, and other regulatory caveats such as product conformity, reproducibility, and stability of conventional formulations as well as preferentially higher bioabsorption of lipids in their favorable cuboidal geometry, enhancement in in vivo biopharmaceutical performance of Rosuvastatin could be well manifested in Quality by Design (QbD) integrated cuboidal-shaped mucoadhesive microcrystalline delivery systems (Limicubes)...
April 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141455/methionine-adenosyltransferases-in-cancers-mechanisms-of-dysregulation-and-implications-for-therapy
#8
Lauren Y Maldonado, Diana Arsene, José M Mato, Shelly C Lu
Methionine adenosyltransferase genes encode enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis of S-adenosylmethionine, the principal biological methyl donor and precursor of polyamines and glutathione. Mammalian cells express three genes - MAT1A, MAT2A, and MAT2B - with distinct expression and functions. MAT1A is mainly expressed in the liver and maintains the differentiated states of both hepatocytes and bile duct epithelial cells. Conversely, MAT2A and MAT2B are widely distributed in non-parenchymal cells of the liver and extrahepatic tissues...
January 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039494/internal-driving-factors-leading-to-extrahepatic-manifestation-of-the-hepatitis%C3%A2-c-virus-infection
#9
Zhou-Yi Wu, Jian-Rui Li, Meng-Hao Huang, Jun-Jun Cheng, Hu Li, Jin-Hua Chen, Xiao-Qin Lv, Zong-Gen Peng, Jian-Dong Jiang
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with various extrahepatic manifestations, which are correlated with poor outcomes, and thus increase the morbidity and mortality of chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Therefore, understanding the internal linkages between systemic manifestations and HCV infection is helpful for treatment of CHC. Yet, the mechanism by which the virus evokes the systemic diseases remains to be elucidated. In the present study, using gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and signaling pathway impact analysis (SPIA), a comprehensive analysis of microarray data of mRNAs was conducted in HCV-infected and -uninfected Huh7...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960448/environmental-contributions-to-gastrointestinal-and-liver-cancer-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#10
REVIEW
Kwang-Pil Ko, Aesun Shin, Sooyoung Cho, Sue K Park, Keun-Young Yoo
In the Asia-Pacific region, gastric, colorectal, and hepatocellular (liver) cancer show substantial regional variation in incidence consistent with the presence of important environmental factors. For gastric cancer, global incidence is concentrated in Asia with substantially higher rates in East Asia than in South-East Asia and Australia. The differences in incidence rates for gastric cancer in the Asia-Pacific region may be due, in part, to differences in the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and the prevalence of H...
January 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916623/efficacy-of-radioembolization-with-166-ho-microspheres-in-salvage-patients-with-liver-metastases-a-phase-2-study
#11
Jip F Prince, Maurice A A J van den Bosch, Johannes F W Nijsen, Maarten L J Smits, Andor F van den Hoven, Stavros Nikolakopoulos, Frank J Wessels, Rutger C G Bruijnen, Manon N G J A Braat, Bernard A Zonnenberg, Marnix G E H Lam
Radioembolization of liver malignancies with 166 Ho-microspheres has been shown to be safe in a phase 1 dose-escalation study. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of 166 Ho radioembolization. Methods: In this prospective single-arm study, 56 patients were enrolled, all with liver metastases refractory to systemic therapy and ineligible for surgical resection. The primary outcome was a response by 2 target lesions on triphasic liver CT scans 3 mo after therapy, as assessed using RECIST, version 1...
April 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882769/adjuvant-hepatic-artery-infusion-chemotherapy-after-hemihepatectomy-for-gastric-cancer-liver-metastases
#12
Yasuyuki Fukami, Yuji Kaneoka, Atsuyuki Maeda, Yuichi Takayama, Takamasa Takahashi, Masahito Uji, Takashi Kumada
BACKGROUND: The most frequent pattern of recurrence is remnant liver after hepatectomy for gastric cancer liver metastases (GLM). The evidence of adjuvant hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) after hepatectomy for GLM is lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant HAIC after hemihepatectomy for GLM. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2012, 14 patients who underwent hemihepatectomy for GLM were included in this study. Adjuvant HAIC to the remnant hemiliver was the FEM regimen (333 mg/m2 5-fluorouracil each week, 30 mg/m2 epirubicin once every 4 weeks, and 2...
October 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833619/cost-effective-options-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-gastrointestinal-and-liver-disease-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#13
REVIEW
Ian C Roberts-Thomson, Thomas Lung
The Asia-Pacific region contains more than half of the world's population and is markedly heterogeneous in relation to income levels and the provision of public and private health services. For low-income countries, the major health priorities are child and maternal health. In contrast, priorities for high-income countries include vascular disease, cancer, diabetes, dementia, and mental health disorders as well as chronic inflammatory disorders such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Cost-effectiveness analyses are methods for assessing the gains in health relative to the costs of different health interventions...
January 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807841/racial-disparity-in-gastrointestinal-cancer-risk
#14
REVIEW
Hassan Ashktorab, Sonia S Kupfer, Hassan Brim, John M Carethers
Cancer from the gastrointestinal tract and its associated excretory organs will occur in more than 300,000 Americans in 2017, with colorectal cancer responsible for >40% of that burden; there will be more than 150,000 deaths from this group of cancers in the same time period. Disparities among subgroups related to the incidence and mortality of these cancers exist. The epidemiology and risk factors associated with each cancer bear out differences for racial groups in the United States. Esophageal adenocarcinoma is more frequent in non-Hispanic whites, whereas esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with risk factors of tobacco and alcohol is more frequent among blacks...
October 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728301/-surgical-resection-for-gastric-cancer-patients-with-liver-metastasis
#15
Y J Liu, G C Wang, X B Wan, Y Cheng, Y C Wang, X Y Liu, G S Han
Objective: To explore the surgical results and clinicopathological features of gastric cancer patients with liver metastases. Methods: The clinicopathological data and post-operative survival of 37 patients who underwent resection of liver metastasis from gastric cancer at our department from Dec. 2007 to Dec. 2014 were analyzed. Results: The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates after resection were 91.4%, 57.9%, and 22.0%, respectively, with a median survival of 37 months. Univariate analysis revealed that lymph node metastasis, multiple hepatic metastases and no preoperative chemotherapy are unfavorable prognostic factors for overall survival...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207963/nardilysin-promotes-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-activation-of-signal-transducer-and-activator-of-transcription-3
#16
Yosuke Kasai, Kan Toriguchi, Etsuro Hatano, Kiyoto Nishi, Mikiko Ohno, Tomoaki Yoh, Keita Fukuyama, Takahiro Nishio, Masayuki Okuno, Keiko Iwaisako, Satoru Seo, Kojiro Taura, Masato Kurokawa, Makoto Kunichika, Shinji Uemoto, Eiichiro Nishi
Nardilysin (NRDC) is a metalloendopeptidase of the M16 family. We previously showed that NRDC activates inflammatory cytokine signaling, including interleukin-6-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling. NRDC has been implicated in the promotion of breast, gastric and esophageal cancer, as well as the development of liver fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the role of NRDC in the promotion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), both clinically and experimentally. We found that NRDC expression was upregulated threefold in HCC tissue compared to the adjacent non-tumor liver tissue, which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and western blotting...
May 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205032/safety-of-laparoscopic-radical-gastrectomy-in-gastric-cancer-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Dong Jin Kim, Cho Hyun Park, Wook Kim, Hyung Min Jin, Jin Jo Kim, Han Hong Lee, Jun Hyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) in gastric cancer patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) has rarely been reported. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the feasibility of LG compared with that of open gastrectomy (OG) for LC patients. METHODS: Of the 75 LC patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer between April 2005 and March 2014, 36 patients who underwent LG were compared with 39 patients who underwent OG. Comparisons were based on clinicopathologic characteristics, surgical outcomes, and long-term survival rates...
October 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163802/nitrative-and-oxidative-dna-damage-in-infection-related-carcinogenesis-in-relation-to-cancer-stem-cells
#18
REVIEW
Shosuke Kawanishi, Shiho Ohnishi, Ning Ma, Yusuke Hiraku, Shinji Oikawa, Mariko Murata
Infection and chronic inflammation have been recognized as important factors for carcinogenesis. Under inflammatory conditions, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are generated from inflammatory and epithelial cells, and result in the formation of oxidative and nitrative DNA lesions, such as 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) and 8-nitroguanine. The DNA damage can cause mutations and has been implicated in inflammation-mediated carcinogenesis. It has been estimated that various infectious agents are carcinogenic to humans (IARC group 1), including bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H...
2017: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118373/the-role-of-adjuvant-acid-suppression-on-the-outcomes-of-bleeding-esophageal-varices-after-endoscopic-variceal-ligation
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cheng-Kun Wu, Chih-Ming Liang, Chien-Ning Hsu, Tsung-Hsing Hung, Lan-Ting Yuan, Seng-Howe Nguang, Jiunn-Wei Wang, Kuo-Lun Tseng, Ming-Kun Ku, Shih-Cheng Yang, Wei-Chen Tai, Chih-Wei Shih, Pin-I Hsu, Deng-Chyang Wu, Seng-Kee Chuah
The impact of adjuvant acid suppression via proton pump inhibitors or histamine-2 receptor antagonists after endoscopic variceal ligation remains uncertain. We therefore aimed to evaluate the effect of adjuvant acid suppression on the rebleeding and mortality rates in patients who received endoscopic variceal ligation and vasoconstrictor therapy for bleeding esophageal varices. Data from 1997 to 2011 were extracted from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. A total of 1576 cirrhotic patients aged > 18 years with a primary diagnosis of acute esophageal variceal bleeding who received endoscopic variceal ligation therapy were screened...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101212/effect-of-oxaliplatin-combined-with-polyenephosphatidylcholine-on-the-proliferation-of-human-gastric-cancer-sgc-7901-cells
#20
Tao Jiang, Hongjun Zhang, Xiguang Liu, Hao Song, Ruyong Yao, Jianbin Li, Yuanyuan Zhao
Oxaliplatin (L-OHP) is a platinum compound that is widely used to treat certain solid tumors, including gastric tumors. L-OHP is an effective anti-cancer treatment; however, its usage increases the probability of patients developing hepatic injury with inflammation, referred to as chemotherapy-associated steatohepatitis. The present study aimed to evaluate the outcome of L-OHP treatment combined with polyenephosphatidylcholine (PPC), a major component of essential phospholipids used to treat steatohepatitis, on SGC-7901 gastric cancer cell proliferation...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
keyword
keyword
110309
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"