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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780180/engaging-experts-science-policy-interactions-and-the-introduction-of-congestion-charging-in-stockholm
#1
Anders Broström, Maureen McKelvey
This article analyzes the conditions for mobilizing the science base for development of public policy. It does so by focusing upon the science-policy interface, specifically the processes of direct interaction between scientists and scientifically trained experts, on the one hand, and agents of policymaking organizations, on the other. The article defines two dimensions - cognitive distance and expert autonomy - which are argued to influence knowledge exchange, in such a way as to shape the outcome. A case study on the implementation of congestion charges in Stockholm, Sweden, illustrates how the proposed framework pinpoints three central issues for understanding these processes: (1) Differentiating the roles of, e...
2018: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776007/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-swedish-propensity-to-achieve-healthy-lifestyle-scale-in-patients-with-hypertension
#2
Anders Broström, A H Pakpour, Martin Ulander, Per Nilsen
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a Swedish questionnaire to measure propensity for behaviour change regarding food habits, physical activity and weight reduction in patients with hypertension. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. METHODS: A total of 270 consecutive patients with hypertension diagnosed at 4 primary care centres in Sweden were included. The 6-item Swedish version of the Propensity to Achieve Healthy Lifestyle Scale (PAHLS) was developed to measure propensity for behaviour change regarding food habits, physical activity and weight reduction...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761776/seksuelt-overf%C3%A3-rte-sygdomme
#3
EDITORIAL
Søren Brostrøm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736570/surgical-treatment-paradigms-of-ankle-lateral-instability-osteochondral-defects-and-impingement
#4
Hélder Pereira, Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Pietro Spennacchio, Jorge Batista, Pieter D'Hooghe, Kenneth Hunt, Niek Van Dijk
Ankle sprain is amongst the most frequent musculoskeletal injuries, particularly during sports activities. Chronic ankle instability (CAI) resulting from an ankle sprain might have severe long-lasting consequences on the ankle joint. Despite the fact that most patients will respond favourably to appropriate conservative treatment, around 20% will develop symptomatic CAI with sense of giving away and recurrent sprains leading to functional impairment. "Classical" surgical repair by Brostrom-like surgery in one of its many modifications has achieved good results over the years...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713574/idiopathic-peroneal-tenosynovitis-caused-by-a-previously-undiagnosed-auto-immune-condition
#5
Pejma Shazadeh Safavi, Cory F Janney, Kenrick Lam, Daniel R Kunzler, Vinod Panchbhavi
In this case report, we present a unique case of idiopathic peroneal tenosynovitis in an otherwise healthy patient, presenting with a three-month history of pain over the lateral aspect of the right foot. Imaging revealed that fluid distention and synovial thickening distend the common peroneal tendon sheath and peroneus longus and brevis tendon sheaths. The patient was managed operatively with excision of the peroneus longus tendon, a side-to-side tenodesis, and Bröstrom-Gould lateral ankle ligament repair...
February 26, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685564/postoperative-outcome-of-the-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-procedure-in-the-active-duty-military-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Thomas J Melton, Joseph H Dannenbaum, Nicholas J Drayer, Justin Robbins, Paul M Ryan
Ankle sprains are common injuries and typically treated conservatively. Chronic ankle instability, however, can require surgery when nonoperative measures fail. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of an active duty population in a retrospective study of patients who had undergone a modified Broström procedure at our facility from January 2010 through April 2014 by a single surgeon. The electronic medical records and Army E-profile database were reviewed to determine whether the patients had returned to active duty and whether they had any permanent postoperative lower extremity activity restrictions...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680567/the-unaccountability-case-of-plastic-pellet-pollution
#7
Therese M Karlsson, Lars Arneborg, Göran Broström, Bethanie Carney Almroth, Lena Gipperth, Martin Hassellöv
Plastic preproduction pellets are found in environmental samples all over the world and their presence is often linked to spills during production and transportation. To better understand how these pellets end up in the environment we assessed the release of plastic pellets from a polyethylene production site in a case study area on the Swedish west coast. The case study encompasses; field measurements to evaluate the level of pollution and pathways, models and drifters to investigate the potential spread and a revision of the legal framework and the company permits...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674206/using-extended-theory-of-planned-behavior-to-understand-aspirin-adherence-in-pregnant-women
#8
Chung-Ying Lin, Anders Broström, Per Nilsen, Amir H Pakpour
OBJECTIVE: To use the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) combined with action and coping planning plus global relationship with husband to explain the aspirin adherence in a sample of women with high-risk pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 535 Iranian women (mean age = 32.29 ± 4.98; year of marriage = 6.89 ± 3.61) completed the study. Each participant filled out several questionnaires on TPB (i.e., a widely applied theory describing how behaviors are influenced by beliefs, attitudes, perceived behavioral control and behavioral intentions), action planning, coping planning and relationship with husband at baseline...
April 6, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666996/comparison-of-t2-relaxation-values-in-subtalar-cartilage-between-patients-with-lateral-instability-of-the-ankle-joint-and-healthy-volunteers
#9
Hyun Su Kim, Young Cheol Yoon, Ki Sun Sung, Min-Ji Kim, Soohyun Ahn
PURPOSE: To evaluate the difference between T2 relaxation values of the subtalar cartilage in lateral ankle instability patients and healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This institutional review board-approved study included 27 preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of 26 patients who underwent Broström operations. Data of previously enrolled healthy volunteers (12 volunteers, 13 MRIs) were used as controls. Two radiologists independently measured T2 values in eight posterior subtalar joint cartilage compartments: central calcaneus anterior (CCA) and posterior (CCP), central talus anterior (CTA) and posterior (CTP), lateral calcaneus anterior (LCA) and posterior (LCP), and lateral talus anterior (LTA) and posterior (LTP)...
April 17, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655649/clinical-outcomes-of-the-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-technique-in-the-management-of-chronic-ankle-instability-after-early-intermediate-and-delayed-presentation
#10
Sami Hassan, Daniel Thurston, Tanvir Sian, Rohi Shah, Abdul Aziz, Paresh Kothari
The modified Broström technique (MBT) is considered the reference standard for surgical management of ankle instability, with good short-term outcomes. However, limited evidence is available regarding outcomes for delayed presentations of instability. We report our outcomes for patients who underwent ligament repair using the MBT, from a single-surgeon retrospective study of consecutive patients. The minimum postoperative follow-up period was 6 months during a 5-year study period. The patients were retrospectively divided into 3 groups according to the delay in presentation: group 1, 6 months to 2 years; group 2, 2 to 4 years; and group 3, >4 years...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649015/validation-of-the-5-item-medication-adherence-report-scale-in-older-stroke-patients-in-iran
#11
Chung-Ying Lin, Huang-Tz Ou, Mehdi Nikoobakht, Anders Broström, Kristofer Årestedt, Amir H Pakpour
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of feasible and validated measures to self-assess medication adherence for older patients with stroke. In addition, the potential determinants of medication adherence for older patients with stroke remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to (1) examine the psychometric properties of a 5-item questionnaire on medication adherence, specifically the 5-item Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS-5), and (2) explore the determinants of medication adherence...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573402/minor-neurological-dysfunction-and-associations-with-motor-function-general-cognitive-abilities-and-behaviour-in-children-born-extremely-preterm
#12
Lina Broström, Brigitte Vollmer, Jenny Bolk, Eva Eklöf, Ulrika Ådén
AIM: To study the prevalence of minor neurological dysfunction (MND) at 6 years of age in a cohort of children born extremely preterm without cerebral palsy (CP) and to investigate associations with motor function, cognitive abilities, and behaviour. METHOD: This study assessed 80 children born at less than 27 weeks of gestation and 90 children born at term age between 2004 and 2007 at a mean age of 6 years 6 months. The assessments included a simplified version of the Touwen Infant Neurological Examination, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition (MABC-2), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and the parent version of the Five to Fifteen questionnaire...
March 24, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554749/dip-coating-of-air-purifier-ceramic-honeycombs-with-photocatalytic-tio-2-nanoparticles-a-case-study-for-occupational-exposure
#13
Antti Joonas Koivisto, Kirsten Inga Kling, Ana Sofia Fonseca, Anders Brostrøm Bluhme, Marcel Moreman, Mingzhou Yu, Anna Luisa Costa, Baldi Giovanni, Simona Ortelli, Wouter Fransman, Ulla Vogel, Keld Alstrup Jensen
Nanoscale TiO2 (nTiO2 ) is manufactured in high volumes and is of potential concern in occupational health. Here, we measured workers exposure levels while ceramic honeycombs were dip coated with liquid photoactive nanoparticle suspension and dried with an air blade. The measured nTiO2 concentration levels were used to assess process specific emission rates using a convolution theorem and to calculate inhalation dose rates of deposited nTiO2 particles. Dip coating did not result in detectable release of particles but air blade drying released fine-sized TiO2 and nTiO2 particles...
July 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549868/the-centre-of-mass-trajectory-is-a-sensitive-and-responsive-measure-of-functional-compensations-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-performing-the-five-times-sit-to-stand-test
#14
Josefine E Naili, Eva W Broström, Elena M Gutierrez-Farewik, Michael H Schwartz
This study aimed to evaluate whether the trajectory of the body's Centre of Mass (CoM) is a sensitive and responsive measure of functional compensations in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA) performing the Five Times Sit-to-Stand test (5STS). This prospective study included 21 individuals with OA and 21 age- and gender-matched controls. Motion analysis data was collected while participants performed the 5STS, one month prior and one year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Pain was evaluated using a visual analogue scale...
May 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493035/promoting-cpap-adherence-in-clinical-practice-a-survey-of-swedish-and-norwegian-cpap-practitioners-beliefs-and-practices
#15
Anders Broström, Amir H Pakpour, Per Nilsen, Benjamin Gardner, Martin Ulander
The benefits of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment for obstructive sleep apnea are well established, but adherence tends to be low. Research exploring CPAP practitioners' beliefs around determinants of CPAP adherence, and the actions they use in clinical practice to promote CPAP adherence is lacking. This study aimed to: (i) develop and validate a questionnaire to assess beliefs and current practices among CPAP practitioners; (ii) explore practitioners' beliefs regarding the main determinants of patient adherence, and the actions practitioners most commonly use to promote CPAP adherence; and (iii) explore the associations between perceived determinants and adherence-promotion actions...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476624/telomere-length-was-similar-in-school-age-children-with-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-allergic-asthma
#16
E Henckel, U Svenson, B Nordlund, E Berggren Broström, G Hedlin, S Degerman, K Bohlin
AIM: Inflammation is a major factor in the pathophysiology of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and it contributes to accelerated telomere shortening and cellular ageing. This study aimed to determine its effect on telomere length and lung function in school-aged children born preterm with BPD. METHODS: We examined 29 children with BPD, born preterm in Stockholm county 1998-99, along with 28 children with allergic asthma born at term matched for age and gender. At 10 years of age, we measured relative telomere length (RTL) in blood by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, lung function by spirometry and inflammation by fractional exhaled nitric oxide and blood cytokines...
February 24, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460734/increasing-prevalence-of-nontuberculous-mycobacteria-in-respiratory-specimens-from-us-affiliated-pacific-island-jurisdictions-1
#17
Chunrong Lin, Chad Russell, Bruce Soll, Dominic Chow, Sapna Bamrah, Richard Brostrom, Wesley Kim, Jerry Scott, Matthew J Bankowski
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) respiratory infections represent a growing public health problem in many countries. However, there are limited published epidemiologic studies for the Western Pacific region. We reviewed respiratory specimens submitted to Diagnostic Laboratory Services in Hawaii, USA, for culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis during August 2007-December 2011 to determine the NTM isolation rate. We observed a statistically significant increase in the rate of specimens with NTM isolated in respiratory culture (adjusted rate ratio per year 1...
March 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455631/periosteal-flap-augmentation-of-the-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-gould-procedure-for-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability
#18
Chee Ping Chew, Kevin Oon Thien Koo, Denny Tjiauw Tjoen Lie
INTRODUCTION: Chronic lateral ankle instability occurs in up to 20% of ankle injuries. Most can be treated conservatively, but surgical reconstruction is required if conservative treatment fails. Modified Broström-Gould procedure is an effective surgical treatment and the augmentation of this procedure with a periosteal flap may confer additional stability. We report on the outcome of a technique combining a modified Broström-Gould procedure augmented with a periosteal flap in patients with chronic lateral ankle instability...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455171/visual-motor-integration-and-fine-motor-skills-at-6%C3%A2-years-of-age-and-associations-with-neonatal-brain-volumes-in-children-born-extremely-preterm-in-sweden-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Jenny Bolk, Nelly Padilla, Lea Forsman, Lina Broström, Kerstin Hellgren, Ulrika Åden
OBJECTIVES: This exploratory study aimed to investigate associations between neonatal brain volumes and visual-motor integration (VMI) and fine motor skills in children born extremely preterm (EPT) when they reached 6½ years of age. SETTING: Prospective population-based cohort study in Stockholm, Sweden, during 3 years. PARTICIPANTS: All children born before gestational age, 27 weeks, during 2004-2007 in Stockholm, without major morbidities and impairments, and who underwent MRI at term-equivalent age...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420055/functional-results-of-open-brostr%C3%A3-m-ankle-ligament-repair-augmented-with-a-suture-tape
#20
J Chris Coetzee, J Kent Ellington, James A Ronan, Rebecca M Stone
BACKGROUND: The Broström procedure is the most commonly used lateral ligament repair for chronic instability, but there is concern about the strength of the repair and the risk of reinjury. Currently, the InternalBraceTM ligament augmentation repair is an accepted augmentation method for management of a Broström procedure. Our hypothesis was that augmentation of the Broström repair with an InternalBraceTM would allow accelerated rehabilitation and return to activity and would aid in stability of the repair without a tendency to stretch...
March 2018: Foot & Ankle International
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