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Anders Broström, Amir H Pakpour, Per Nilsen, Benjamin Gardner, Martin Ulander
The benefits of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment for obstructive sleep apnea are well established, but adherence tends to be low. Research exploring CPAP practitioners' beliefs around determinants of CPAP adherence, and the actions they use in clinical practice to promote CPAP adherence is lacking. This study aimed to: (i) develop and validate a questionnaire to assess beliefs and current practices among CPAP practitioners; (ii) explore practitioners' beliefs regarding the main determinants of patient adherence, and the actions practitioners most commonly use to promote CPAP adherence; and (iii) explore the associations between perceived determinants and adherence-promotion actions...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
E Henckel, U Svenson, B Nordlund, E Berggren Broström, G Hedlin, S Degerman, K Bohlin
AIM: Inflammation is a major factor in the pathophysiology of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and it contributes to accelerated telomere shortening and cellular aging. This study aimed to determine its effect on telomere length and lung function in school-aged children born preterm with BPD. METHODS: We examined 29 children with BPD, born preterm in Stockholm county 1998-99, along with 28 children with allergic asthma born at term matched for age and gender. At 10 years of age, we measured relative telomere length (RTL) in blood by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, lung function by spirometry and inflammation by fractional exhaled nitric oxide and blood cytokines...
February 24, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Chunrong Lin, Chad Russell, Bruce Soll, Dominic Chow, Sapna Bamrah, Richard Brostrom, Wesley Kim, Jerry Scott, Matthew J Bankowski
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) respiratory infections represent a growing public health problem in many countries. However, there are limited published epidemiologic studies for the Western Pacific region. We reviewed respiratory specimens submitted to Diagnostic Laboratory Services in Hawaii, USA, for culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis during August 2007-December 2011 to determine the NTM isolation rate. We observed a statistically significant increase in the rate of specimens with NTM isolated in respiratory culture (adjusted rate ratio per year 1...
March 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Chee Ping Chew, Kevin Oon Thien Koo, Denny Tjiauw Tjoen Lie
INTRODUCTION: Chronic lateral ankle instability occurs in up to 20% of ankle injuries. Most can be treated conservatively, but surgical reconstruction is required if conservative treatment fails. Modified Broström-Gould procedure is an effective surgical treatment and the augmentation of this procedure with a periosteal flap may confer additional stability. We report on the outcome of a technique combining a modified Broström-Gould procedure augmented with a periosteal flap in patients with chronic lateral ankle instability...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Jenny Bolk, Nelly Padilla, Lea Forsman, Lina Broström, Kerstin Hellgren, Ulrika Åden
OBJECTIVES: This exploratory study aimed to investigate associations between neonatal brain volumes and visual-motor integration (VMI) and fine motor skills in children born extremely preterm (EPT) when they reached 6½ years of age. SETTING: Prospective population-based cohort study in Stockholm, Sweden, during 3 years. PARTICIPANTS: All children born before gestational age, 27 weeks, during 2004-2007 in Stockholm, without major morbidities and impairments, and who underwent MRI at term-equivalent age...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
J Chris Coetzee, J Kent Ellington, James A Ronan, Rebecca M Stone
BACKGROUND: The Broström procedure is the most commonly used lateral ligament repair for chronic instability, but there is concern about the strength of the repair and the risk of reinjury. Currently, the InternalBraceTM ligament augmentation repair is an accepted augmentation method for management of a Broström procedure. Our hypothesis was that augmentation of the Broström repair with an InternalBraceTM would allow accelerated rehabilitation and return to activity and would aid in stability of the repair without a tendency to stretch...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Matteo Guelfi, Marco Zamperetti, Andrea Pantalone, Federico G Usuelli, Vincenzo Salini, Xavier Martin Oliva
BACKGROUND: Chronic ankle instability is defined by an instability lasting more than 6 months, in those cases where a comprehensive conservative treatment fails a surgical stabilization is required. Several surgical techniques have been proposed for the management of the chronic lateral instability of the ankle and even after 50 years, the Broström-Gould technique is still considered the gold standard for the treatment of this pathology. Recently, many authors have developed completely arthroscopic lateral ligament repair and the use of these procedures is rapidly increasing...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Byung-Ki Cho, Ji-Kang Park, Seung-Myung Choi, Nelson F SooHoo
BACKGROUND: Although various minimally invasive procedures for chronic ankle instability are increasingly being used, a question regarding whether these procedures can be a viable alternative of the modified Broström procedure remains controversial. This study was conducted to compare the intermediate-term clinical outcomes between lateral ligaments augmentation using suture-tape and modified Broström repair in a selected cohort of patients. METHODS: Sixty female patients with chronic lateral ankle instability were randomly assigned and underwent surgical treatments by one surgeon...
October 18, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Ryan B Rigby, James M Cottom
BACKGROUND: The open Broström-Gould lateral ankle stabilization procedure has been the gold standard for primary lateral ankle stabilization. A new minimally invasive all-inside arthroscopic technique has been described for the correction of lateral ankle instability. METHODS: We performed a review of patients who underwent lateral ankle stabilization by either the traditional open Broström-Gould (BG) or the All-Inside Bröstrom (AIB) technique to compare and identify any discrepancies between functional and/or patient satisfaction outcomes...
February 5, 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Caio Nery, Lucas Fonseca, Fernando Raduan, Marcus Moreno, Daniel Baumfeld
BACKGROUND: Lateral ankle ligament injury is among the most common orthopedic injuries. The objective of this study is to present the preliminary prospective results of treatment using the "Inside-Out" variant of the fully arthroscopic Broström-Gould technique. METHODS: Twenty six patients were included: 20 male and 6 female, aged 19-60 years, mean 41 years. All patients had positive "anterior drawer" and "talar tilt" tests. When necessary, cartilage injuries were treated with microfracture and arthroscopic resection for anterior impingement; three patients had hindfoot varus, on whom Dwyer osteotomy was performed; one patient had peroneal tendinopathy and was treated with tendoscopic debridement and another one had partial injury of the deltoid ligament, which was treated by direct repair...
March 22, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Byung-Ki Cho, Ji-Kang Park, Seung-Myung Choi, Sang-Woo Kang, Nelson F SooHoo
BACKGROUND: Despite a consensus regarding the correlation of peroneal strength deficit with chronic ankle instability (CAI), there are conflicting reports in regards to peroneal strength as assessed by isokinetic dynamometer in patients with CAI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes of isokinetic strength in patients with CAI compared to ankle sprain copers and normal individuals. METHODS: Forty-two patients (CAI group) with chronic ankle instability who were scheduled for the modified Broström procedure met inclusion criteria...
November 11, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Jesús Vilá-Rico, Josep María Cabestany-Castellà, Bernat Cabestany-Perich, César Núñez-Samper, Cristina Ojeda-Thies
BACKGROUND: Anatomic graft reconstruction of the anterior talo-fibular ligament is an alternative for patients who are bad candidates for standard procedures such as a Broström-Gould reconstruction (high-demand athletes, obesity, hyperlaxity or collagen disorders, capsular insufficiency or talar avulsions). The purpose of this study is to describe an all-inside arthroscopic technique for ATFL reconstruction, and the results in a series of patients with chronic ankle instability. METHODS: We reviewed patients with chronic ATFL ruptures treated with an all-inside arthroscopic allograft reconstruction of the ATFL, with a minimum 2-year follow-up...
December 23, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Viola Burau, Kathrine Carstensen, Mia Fredens, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard
BACKGROUND: There is an increased interest in improving the physical health of people with mental illness. Little is known about implementing health promotion interventions in adult mental health organisations where many users also have physical health problems. The literature suggests that contextual factors are important for implementation in community settings. This study focused on the change process and analysed the implementation of a structural health promotion intervention in community mental health organisations in different contexts in Denmark...
January 24, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Antoine Morvan, Shahnaz Klouche, André Thes, Philippe Hardy, Thomas Bauer
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of analyzing the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) on preoperative MRI as a decision-making tool to determine the surgical technique in patients undergoing surgery for chronic lateral ankle instability. METHODS: A retrospective study of prospective data was performed. All patients who underwent surgery between 2013 and 2016 for arthroscopic stabilization of the ankle were included. The ATFL was evaluated on preoperative MRI including axial T2-weighted images by two readers who were blinded to arthroscopic results...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Gritt Overbeck, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard, Annette Sofie Davidsen
INTRODUCTION: In collaborative care models for anxiety and depression the care manager (CM), often a mental health nurse, has a key role. However, the work and challenges related to this role remain poorly investigated. AIM: To explore CMs' experiences of their work and the challenges they face when implementing their role in a collaborative care intervention in the Capital Region of Denmark. METHODS: Interviews with eight CMs, a group-interview with five CMs, and a recording of one supervision session were analyzed by thematic analysis...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Brady T Evans, Frances A Tepolt, Emily Niu, Dennis E Kramer, Mininder S Kocher
The purpose of this study was to identify the rates of chondral injury, soft tissue impingement, and bony impingement in pediatric patients undergoing the modified Brostrom procedure with ankle arthroscopy for lateral ankle instability. A retrospective review of all patients undergoing a modified Brostrom procedure with ankle arthroscopy performed by two surgeons at a tertiary care children's hospital between October 2002 and April 2014 was performed. Data were collected regarding demographics, history and initial presentation, nonoperative management, surgical procedure and arthroscopic findings, and clinical follow-up...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Linus Broström, Mats Johansson
In emergency care research, it may be the case that neither informed consent nor surrogate consent is possible. In order to nonetheless allow for such research, codes and regulations of research ethics have increasingly incorporated provisions regarding this specific situation. The protection that those provisions offer need to be better understood. This article addresses in what ways they protect individuals, and especially the extent to which the suggested protection compensates for the loss of surrogate consent...
2018: Accountability in Research
Berith Hedberg, Dan Malm, Jan-Erik Karlsson, Kristofer Årestedt, Anders Broström
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is a prevalent cardiac arrhythmia. Effective communication of risks (e.g. stroke risk) and benefits of treatment (e.g. oral anticoagulants) is crucial for the process of shared decision making. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with confidence in decision making and satisfaction with risk communication after a follow-up visit among patients who three months earlier had visited an emergency room for atrial fibrillation related symptoms...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Chung-Ying Lin, Anders Broström, Per Nilsen, Mark D Griffiths, Amir H Pakpour
Background and aims The Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), a six-item self-report scale that is a brief and effective psychometric instrument for assessing at-risk social media addiction on the Internet. However, its psychometric properties in Persian have never been examined and no studies have applied Rasch analysis for the psychometric testing. This study aimed to verify the construct validity of the Persian BSMAS using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch models among 2,676 Iranian adolescents...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
James M Cottom, Joseph Baker, Britton S Plemmons
Chronic lateral ankle instability is a common condition treated by most foot and ankle surgeons. Once conservative treatment has failed, patients often undergo surgical reconstruction, either anatomic or nonanatomic. The present retrospective cohort study compared the clinical outcomes of 2 different arthroscopic Broström procedures. A total of 110 patients (83 females [75.5%] and 27 males [24.5%]) were treated with 1 of the 2 lateral ankle stabilization techniques from October 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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