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Phytochemical medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521827/antioxidant-activity-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitory-potential-and-phytochemical-analysis-of-sarcocephalus-latifolius-sm-bark-used-in-traditional-medicine-in-sudan
#1
Alsiddig Osama, Sufyan Awadelkarim, Amna Ali
BACKGROUND: Sarcocephalus latifolius is used as a traditional medicine for curing many diseases in Sudan. The main objective of the current study was to determine the antioxidant activity and acetylcholinesterase inhibition (AChEI) of S. latifolius, and to estimate its total phenolic and flavonoid contents. METHODS: Antioxidant activity of the tested plant extracts was carried out by determining their ability to scavenge the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical...
May 18, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521374/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-ferula-hermonis-boiss-a-review
#2
Zohreh Sattar, Mehrdad Iranshahi
Ferula hermonis, a well-known species of the genus Ferula found in Lebanon and Syria, has a brilliant history in traditional medicine as it has been used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction in men and menopausal disturbances in women. Thanks to modern pharmacological and clinical investigations, F. hermonis is a valuable medicinal and condimental plant that may be used for the treatment of impotence and diabetes, the prevention of osteoporosis, and possesses anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties...
May 18, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514737/integration-of-phytochemicals-and-phytotherapy-into-cancer-precision-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Thomas Efferth, Mohamed E M Saeed, Elhaj Mirghani, Awadh Alim, Zahir Yassin, Elfatih Saeed, Hassan E Khalid, Salah Daak
Concepts of individualized therapy in the 1970s and 1980s attempted to develop predictive in vitro tests for individual drug responsiveness without reaching clinical routine. Precision medicine attempts to device novel individual cancer therapy strategies. Using bioinformatics, relevant knowledge is extracted from huge data amounts. However, tumor heterogeneity challenges chemotherapy due to genetically and phenotypically different cell subpopulations, which may lead to refractory tumors. Natural products always served as vital resources for cancer therapy (e...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512988/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-phyllanthus-niruri-l-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Navneet Kaur, Baljinder Kaur, Geetika Sirhindi
Phyllanthus niruri, a typical member of family Euphorbiaceae, is a small annual herb found throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of both hemispheres. The genus Phyllanthus has been used in traditional medicine for its wide range of pharmacological activities like antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer, antiinflammatory, antiplasmodial, antiviral, diuretic and hepatoprotective. This review summarizes the information about morphological, biochemical, ethanobotanical, pharmacological, biological and toxicological activities with special emphasis on mechanism of anticancer activity of P...
May 17, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512606/antimicrobial-activity-of-nigerian-medicinal-plants
#5
REVIEW
Madubuike Umunna Anyanwu, Rosemary Chinazam Okoye
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is currently one of the major threats facing mankind. The emergence and rapid spread of multi- and pan-drug-resistant organisms (such as vancomycin-, methicillin-, extended-spectrum β-lactam-, carbapenem- and colistin-resistant organisms) has put the world in a dilemma. The health and economic burden associated with AMR on a global scale are dreadful. Available antimicrobials have been misused and are almost ineffective with some of these drugs associated with dangerous side effects in some individuals...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512605/toxicity-status-and-antiulcerative-potential-of-sansevieria-trifasciata-leaf-extract-in-wistar-rats
#6
Osasenaga Macdonald Ighodaro, Abiola Muhammad Adeosun, Barinemene Francis Ojiko, Abeeb Taiwo Akorede, Oyindamola Fuyi-Williams
AIMS: The lethal dose 50% (LD50) and antiulcerative potentials of Sansevieria trifasciata (ST) leaf extract were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LD50 was determined through two routes of administration (intraperitoneal [i.p] and oral [p.o]) using the method of Lorke. The antiulcerative activity was evaluated in indomethacin-induced ulcer model (40 mg/kg body weight [BW], i.p, single dose) against a reference drug, cimetidine (100 mg/kg BW, p.o). ST was assessed at two different doses (200 and 400 mg/kg BW, p...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512597/documentation-of-ethnomedicinal-information-and-antimicrobial-validation-of-thespesia-populnea-used-by-yanadi-tribe-of-ganugapenta-village-chittoor-district-andhra-pradesh-india
#7
Nataru Savithramma, Pulicherla Yugandhar, Pallipati Suvarnalatha Devi, Sade Ankanna, Damai Suhrulatha, Koya Siva Prasad, Ramakrishanan Ranjani, Nagoji Nagaraju, Kummara Madhava Chetty
AIM: This study aimed to document the traditional knowledge of medicinal plants and antimicrobial validation of Thespesia populnea used by Yanadi tribe of Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was mainly focused on documentation of medicinal plants used by Yanadi tribe to treat different diseases with a standard questionnaire. These plants were cross-checked in Dr. Dukes Database and available literature to know the significance of this tribe on medicinal knowledge...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512279/antimicrobial-potential-of-plant-extracts-and-chemical-fractions-of-sideroxylon-obtusifolium-roem-schult-t-d-penn-on-oral-microorganisms
#8
Thaíse Pd Sampaio, Nathália Ao Cartaxo-Furtado, Ana Cd de Medeiros, Harley S Alves, Pedro L Rosalen, Jozinete V Pereira
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of plant extracts and chemical fractions of Sideroxylon obtusifolium T.D. Penn on Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus parasanguinis, and Candida albicans as well as to identify the chemical classes found in the bioactive extracts possessing better activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Freeze-dried hydroalcoholic extracts of the bark and leaves (LC and LF respectively) and ethanol extracts of bark and leaves (EC and EF respectively) of S...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510185/morphological-physiological-cytological-and-phytochemical-studies-in-diploid-and-colchicine-induced-tetraploid-plants-of-fagopyrum-tataricum-l-gaertn
#9
Lin-Jiao Wang, Mao-Yin Sheng, Pei-Cai Wen, Jia-Ying Du
BACKGROUND: Tartary buckwheat are very popular as an important functional food material and its cultivation is very widespread in our whole world, but there obviously lack works in the researches of genetic breeding for agricultural and medicinal utilization. The aim of this study is to obtain good germplasm resources for agricultural and medicinal use of tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) by inducing the tetraploid plants. RESULTS: Four cultivars of F. tataricum, that is, Qianwei 2#, Jinku 2#, Chuanqiao 1#, and Liuqiao 1# were selected to experiment...
December 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509885/the-role-of-phytochemicals-in-the-inflammatory-phase-of-wound-healing
#10
REVIEW
Ahmed Shah, Saeid Amini-Nik
Historically, plant-based products have been the basis of medicine since before the advent of modern Western medicine. Wound dressings made of honey, curcumin and other phytochemical-rich compounds have been traditionally used. Recently, the mechanisms behind many of these traditional therapies have come to light. In this review, we show that in the context of wound healing, there is a global theme of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant phytochemicals in traditional medicine. Although promising, we discuss the limitations of using some of these phytochemicals in order to warrant more research, ideally in randomized clinical trial settings...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507944/a-survey-on-phytochemical-composition-and-biological-activity-of-zygophyllum-fabago-from-iran
#11
Saeid Yaripour, Mohammad-Reza Delnavazi, Parina Asgharian, Samira Valiyari, Saeed Tavakoli, Hossein Nazemiyeh
Purpose: Zygophyllum fabago L. (Z. fabago) is a widespread perennial herb which is used as a medicinal plant in traditional medicine of Iran, Turkey and China. The present study was a survey on phytochemical constituents and biological activities of this plant. Methods: Methanolic extract of the roots was fractionated over a C-18 pre-packed cartridge (Sep-pak) and chromatographic separation was performed on a reversed-phase preparative HPLC. Structural elucidation of the isolated compounds was carried out using UV, (1)H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectral analyses...
April 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507520/in-vitro-and-in-silico-antidiabetic-and-antimicrobial-evaluation-of-constituents-from-kickxia-ramosissima-nanorrhinum-ramosissimum
#12
Adnan Amin, Emmy Tuenter, Kenn Foubert, Jamhsed Iqbal, Paul Cos, Louis Maes, Vassiliki Exarchou, Sandra Apers, Luc Pieters
Background and Aims:Kickxia ramosissima (Wall.) Janch (or Nanorrhinum ramosissimum (Wall.) Betsche is a well-known medicinal plant in Pakistan that is traditionally used in diabetic and inflammatory conditions. Because little information is available on its phytochemical composition, a range of constituents were isolated and evaluated in vitro in assays related to the traditional use. Methods: Dried whole plant material was extracted and chromatographically fractionated. Isolated constituents were evaluated in silico and in vitro in assays related to the traditional use against diabetes (inhibition of α-glucosidase activity; inhibition of advanced glycation endproducts) and in inflammatory conditions (inhibition of AAPH induced linoleic acid peroxidation, inhibition of 15-LOX, antimicrobial activity)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503571/therapeutic-effects-of-phytochemicals-and-medicinal-herbs-on-depression
#13
REVIEW
Gihyun Lee, Hyunsu Bae
Background. Depression is a recurrent, common, and potentially life-threatening psychiatric disease related to multiple assignable causes. Although conventional antidepressant therapy can help relieve symptoms of depression and prevent relapse of the illness, complementary therapies are required due to disadvantage of the current therapy such as adverse effects. Moreover, a number of studies have researched adjunctive therapeutic approaches to improve outcomes for depression patients. Purpose. One potential complementary method with conventional antidepressants involves the use of medicinal herbs and phytochemicals that provide therapeutic benefits...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503052/wound-healing-property-review-of-siam-weed-chromolaena-odorata
#14
REVIEW
Anushika Sirinthipaporn, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Chromolaena odorata (Family: Asteraceae) synonyms as Eupatorium odoratum is a traditional medicinal plant that is widely used for its wound healing property. In particular, the several parts of this herb have been used to treat wounds, burns, and skin infections. Furthermore, it has also been shown to possess anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-hepatotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. Its phytochemical components are alkaloids, flavonoids, flavanone, essential oils, phenolics, saponins, tannins, and terpenoids...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503051/an-update-review-on-the-anthelmintic-activity-of-bitter-gourd-momordica-charantia
#15
REVIEW
Sutthaya Poolperm, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Momordica charantia (Family: Cucurbitales), as known as bitter melon or gourd, is a daily consumption as food and traditional medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and Indo-China. It has been shown to possess anticancer, antidepressant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiobesity, antioxidant, and antiulcer properties. Its common phytochemical components include alkaloids, charantin, flavonoids, glycosides, phenolics, tannins, and terpenoids. This plant is rich in various saponins including momordicin, momordin, momordicoside, karavilagenin, karaviloside, and kuguacin, all of which have been reported to contribute to its remedial properties including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antiparasitic infections...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503050/fingerroot-boesenbergia-rotunda-and-its-aphrodisiac-activity
#16
REVIEW
Oranun Ongwisespaiboon, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul
Boesenbergia rotunda (Family: Zingiberaceae) as known as fingerroot is a daily food ingredient and traditional medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and Indo-China. It has been shown to possess anti-allergic, antibacterial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiulcer activities and also shown wound healing. Its common phytochemical components include alkaloids, essential oils, flavonoids, and phenolics. This plant is rich in boesenbergin, krachaizin, panduratin, and pinostrobin, all of which has been reported to contribute to its remedial properties including aphrodisiac property...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503047/an-updated-phytopharmacological-review-on-medicinal-plant-of-arab-region-apium-graveolens-linn
#17
REVIEW
Abdulrahman Khazim Al-Asmari, Md Tanwir Athar, Saeed G Kadasah
Apium graveolens Linn. (Karafs) is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of the various ailments. There is a need to explore and authenticate the pharmacological profile and medicinal importance of the Karafs. In this paper, the literature and the published work on Apium were collected using online resources "Google scholar", "Web of science", "Scopus" and "PubMed". Each of the pharmacological activity was searched individually using the keywords "Apium/Karafs/Apium graveolens + individual pharmacological activity"...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502906/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-forsythia-suspensa-in-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis
#18
Youn-Hwan Hwang, Dong-Gun Kim, Wei Li, Hye Jin Yang, Nam-Hui Yim, Jin Yeul Ma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Forsythia suspensa Fructus (FS) is used to treat various inflammatory disorders in traditional Oriental medicine, including gastrointestinal diseases, but its therapeutic potential in ulcerative colitis is unclear. Thus, we investigated any potential therapeutic effects of FS against intestinal inflammation and the bioactive constituents in FS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After the induction of colitis using 3% dextran sulfate sodium, FS (100mg/kg/day) was administered orally during the experimental period...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499243/diospyros-an-under-utilized-multi-purpose-plant-genus-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Abdur Rauf, Ghias Uddin, Seema Patel, Ajmal Khan, Sobia Ahsan Halim, Saud Bawazeer, Khalid Ahmad, Naveed Muhammad, Mohammad S Mubarak
The genus Diospyros from family Ebenaceae has versatile uses including edible fruits, valuable timber, and ornamental uses. The plant parts of numerous species have been in use as remedies in various folk healing practices, which include therapy for hemorrhage, incontinence, insomnia, hiccough, diarrhea etc. Phytochemical constituents such as terpenoids, ursanes, lupanes, polyphenols, tannins, hydrocarbons, and lipids, benzopyrones, naphthoquinones, oleananes, and taraxeranes have been isolated from different species of this genus...
May 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497036/reversed-phase-hplc-dad-profiling-of-carotenoids-chlorophylls-and-phenolic-compounds-in-adiantum-capillus-veneris-leaves
#20
Alam Zeb, Fareed Ullah
Adiantum capillus-veneris is important endangered fern species with several medicinal properties. In this study, the leaves samples were extracted and separated using reversed phase HPLC with DAD for carotenoids, chlorophylls and phenolic compounds. Separation of carotenoids and chlorophylls were carried out using a tertiary gradient system of water, MTBE and methanol-water, while a binary gradient system of methanol-water-acetic acid was used for phenolic profiling. Results revealed eight carotenoids, four pheophytins, and two chlorophylls...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
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