keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Phytochemical medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917974/cross-cultural-analysis-of-medicinal-plants-commonly-used-in-ethnoveterinary-practices-at-south-waziristan-agency-and-bajaur-agency-federally-administrated-tribal-areas-fata-pakistan
#1
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Sufyan, Shahid Niaz Khan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In remote areas, medicinal plants have an imperative role in curing various livestock's ailments. In Pakistan, people residing in remote areas including South Waziristan Agency and Bajaur Agency depend on traditional herbal remedies for treating their domestic animals. Medicinal plants are an important part of the medical system in these Agencies. The prime goal of the current study is to explore the ethnoveterinary practices in the two regions and discuss cross-cultural consensus on the use of medicinal plants...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917972/research-on-the-antioxidant-wound-healing-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-and-the-phytochemical-composition-of-maritime-pine-pinus-pinaster-ait
#2
İbrahim Tümen, Esra Küpeli Akkol, Hakkı Taştan, Ipek Süntar, Mehmet Kurtca
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ethnobotanical investigations have shown that the Pinus species have been used against rheumatic pain and for wound healing in Turkish folk medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, phytochemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and wound healing activities of Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) that is collected in Turkey are investigated. Essential oil composition and the amount of extracts (lipophilic and hydrophilic) of maritime pine wood and fresh cone samples had been tested...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911817/natural-neuro-inflammatory-inhibitors-from-caragana-turfanensis
#3
Yan Song, Lan Pan, Wenjie Li, Yingying Si, Di Zhou, Chengjian Zheng, Xiaofang Hao, Xinyue Jia, Yuemei Jia, Minghui Shi, Xiaoguang Jia, Ning Li, Yue Hou
Because of the critical role of over-activated microglia in the progress of neurodegenerative diseases, it has been selected as a potential therapeutic target for drug discovery. In order to find natural neuroinflammatory inhibitors, we carried out a bioactivity-oriented phytochemical research of Caragana turfanensis Kom. (Krassn.), which is a folk medicine widely distributed in Xinjiang. As a result, a new coumarin lactone caraganolide A (1) and 35 known components were characterized from the effective extract of C...
August 23, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911543/chemistry-and-bioactivity-of-gardenia-jasminoides
#4
REVIEW
Wenping Xiao, Shiming Li, Siyu Wang, Chi-Tang Ho
Gardenia jasminoides, grown in multiple regions in China, was commonly used as a natural yellow dye but has been one of the popular traditional Chinese medicines since the discovery of its biological property a few decades ago. It has been reported that G. jasminoides possess multiple biological activities, such as antioxidant properties, hypoglycemic effect, inhibition of inflammation, antidepression activity, and improved sleeping quality. In this review, our aim was to have a comprehensive summary of its phytochemistry including the extraction, isolation, and characterization of volatiles and bioactive molecules in G...
January 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895207/structural-characterisation-of-alkaloids-in-leaves-and-roots-of-stephania-kwangsiensis-by-lc-qtof-ms
#5
Yan Shangguan, Jiayong He, Yun Kang, Yaqin Wang, Ping Yang, Jixian Guo, Jianming Huang
INTRODUCTION: The tuberous roots of Stephania kwangsiensis, which contain bioactive alkaloids, are used as a traditional Chinese medicine. Overexploitation of the roots has made the plant increasingly rare, and the abundant leaves of the same plant may offer a potential alternative. However, there is insufficient phytochemical information for a comparison of alkaloid compositions in the two parts. OBJECTIVE: To characterise and compare the alkaloids in the leaves and roots of S...
September 12, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894631/ethnopharmacological-survey-on-traditional-medicinal-plants-at-kalaroa-upazila-satkhira-district-khulna-division-bangladesh
#6
Oby Dulla, Farhana Israt Jahan
AIM: The traditional source of medicinal plants is an important way for daily curative uses in the rural area throughout Bangladesh. An ethnomedicinal survey was conducted in a randomized manner among traditional medicinal practitioners to find out about the medicinal plants of Kalaroa, Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The information was collected through conducting interviews, discussion, and field observations with herbal healers and knowledgeable elders of the study areas from November 01, 2015, to December 31, 2015, who pointed out various medicinal plants and described their uses, using semi-structured questionnaires...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894630/an-ethnobotanical-survey-of-galactogenic-plants-of-the-berhoum-district-m-sila-algeria
#7
Sarri Madani, Boudjelal Amel, Hendel Noui, Sarri Djamel, Hamdaoui Hadjer
BACKGROUND/AIM: This work aimed an ethnobatanical study on the galactogenic plants used in the Berhoum region (East of M'sila, Algeria) as a part of different studies on the medicinal plants related to M'sila region. METHODS: The fieldwork was undertaken as an ethnobotanical survey involving 76 informants (mean age: 50; 64% women, 36% men). Used the medicinal plants were identified, and the results were analyzed according to literature investigation dealing with ethnobotany...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893682/effects-of-flavonoids-incorporated-biological-macromolecules-based-scaffolds-in-bone-tissue-engineering
#8
REVIEW
S Preethi Soundarya, V Sanjay, A Haritha Menon, S Dhivya, N Selvamurugan
Skeletal tissue damage caused by trauma, injury, or disease can often result in considerable morbidity and the need for new, more reliable strategies for skeletal regeneration. So, to address the unmet need for bone augmentation, bone tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have evolved in the recent years. Bone tissue engineering harnesses novel scaffolds, stem cells and biological factors that promise enhanced and more reliable bone formation. Increasingly phytochemicals, particularly flavonoids are gaining renowned interest lately for their therapeutic potential on bone...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893230/assessment-of-free-radical-scavenging-and-anti-proliferative-activities-of-tinospora-cordifolia-miers-willd
#9
Picheswara Rao Polu, Udupa Nayanbhirama, Saleemulla Khan, Rajlexmi Maheswari
BACKGROUND: Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi or Amrita) is an important drug of Ayurvedic System of Medicine and found mention in various classical texts for the treatment of diseases such as jaundice, fever, diabetes, cancer and skin disease etc. In view of its traditional claims, antioxidant and anti-proliferative activities were evaluated in the present study. METHODS: Ethanol extract (TCE) and subsequent petroleum ether (TCP), dichloromethane (TCD), n-Butanol (TCB) and aqueous (TCA) fractions of were prepared from stems of T cordifolia...
September 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888089/antidiabetic-potential-of-polyphenolic-rich-fraction-of-tamarindus-indica-seed-coat-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#10
Santosh Singh Bhadoriya, Aditya Ganeshpurkar, Ravi Pratap Singh Bhadoriya, Sanjeev Kumar Sahu, Jay Ram Patel
BACKGROUND: Tamarindus is a monotypic genus and belongs to the subfamily Caesalpinioideae of the family Leguminosae (Fabaceae), Tamarindus indica L., commonly known as Tamarind tree is one of the most important multipurpose tropical fruit tree species in the India, Sudan, Nigeria, Bangladesh and entire subcontinent. METHODS: Hydroethanolic seed coat extract of Tamarindus indica (HETI) was assessed for presence of phytoconstituents and selection of optimum dose through acute and sub acute toxicity study...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887915/hepatoprotective-naphthalene-diglucoside-from-neanotis-wightiana-aerial-parts
#11
Niranjan Das, Atanas G Atanasov, Prashanta Kumar Deb, Andrei Mocan, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Ranjib Ghosh, Biswanath Dinda
BACKGROUND: Neanotis wightiana (Wall. ex Wight & Arn) W.H. Lewis has been used in traditional medicine in India for the treatment of liver disorders. In fact, this plant is frequently used by the local people of Tripura for the treatment of liver disorder problems. In previous study on this plant we have isolated a hepatoprotective saponin, neanoside A. PURPOSE: Evaluation of in vivo hepatoprotective effects of isolated compounds from N. wightiana aerial parts on serum hepatic-biomarkers in CCl4- induced hepatotoxicity in rats to validate the traditional use of the plant...
September 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884080/antibacterial-antioxidant-and-cell-proliferative-properties-of-coccinia-grandis-fruits
#12
Prashant Sakharkar, Balwantsinh Chauhan
OBJECTIVE: Little knowledge is available on the antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of Coccina grandis fruits and no study has reported on its cell proliferative property. The aim of this study was to examine the antimicrobial, antioxidant and cell proliferative property of fruits of C. grandis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fruits of C. grandis were extracted using water; ethanol and acetone by cold and hot Soxhlet extraction. The antibacterial activities of the extracts were tested against Staphylococcusaureus,Enterococcusfaecalis,Escherichiacoli and Pseudomonasaeruginosa using the modified Kirby-Bauer diffusion method and compared against erythromycin...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873755/characterization-of-four-wild-edible-carduus-species-from-the-mediterranean-region-via-phytochemical-and-biomolecular-analyses
#13
Arianna Marengo, Andrea Maxia, Cinzia Sanna, Cinzia M Bertea, Carlo Bicchi, Mauro Ballero, Cecilia Cagliero, Patrizia Rubiolo
Carduus species (Compositae) are widely distributed in the Mediterranean area, and traditionally used for both food and medicinal purposes. The hydroalcoholic extracts of four wild edible Carduus species collected in Sardinia (Carduus argyroa Biv., Carduus nutans subsp. macrocephalus (Desf.) Nyman, Carduus pycnocephalus L., Carduus cephalanthus Viv.) were analyzed and characterized by HPLC-PDA-MS/MS and PCR-RFLP of the nrDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS). Flavonoids and caffeoylquinic acid derivatives were the predominant classes of secondary metabolites characterizing the extracts...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872612/fructus-ligustri-lucidi-in-osteoporosis-a-review-of-its-pharmacology-phytochemistry-pharmacokinetics-and-safety
#14
REVIEW
Beibei Chen, Lili Wang, Lin Li, Ruyuan Zhu, Haixia Liu, Chenyue Liu, Rufeng Ma, Qiangqiang Jia, Dandan Zhao, Jianzhao Niu, Min Fu, Sihua Gao, Dongwei Zhang
Background: Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL) has now attracted increasing attention as an alternative medicine in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. This study aimed to provide a general review of traditional interpretation of the actions of FLL in osteoporosis, main phytochemical constituents, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology in bone improving effect, and safety. Materials and Methods: Several databases, including PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, National Science and Technology Library, China Science and Technology Journal Database, and Web of Science were consulted to locate publications pertaining to FLL...
September 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869556/a-new-monoterpene-from-the-leaves-of-a-radiation-mutant-cultivar-of-perilla-frutescens-var-crispa-with-inhibitory-activity-on-lps-induced-no-production
#15
Bomi Nam, Yangkang So, Hyo-Young Kim, Jin-Baek Kim, Chang Hyun Jin, Ah-Reum Han
The leaves of Perilla frutescens var. crispa (Lamiaceae)-known as 'Jureum-soyeop' or 'Cha-jo-ki' in Korean, 'ZI SU YE' in Chinese, and 'Shiso' in Japan-has been used as a medicinal herb. Recent gamma irradiated mutation breeding on P. frutescens var. crispa in our research group resulted in the development of a new perilla cultivar, P. frutescens var. crispa (cv. Antisperill; PFCA), which has a higher content of isoegomaketone. The leaves of PFCA were extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO₂) extraction, and phytochemical investigation on this extract led to the isolation and identification of a new compound, 9-hydroxy-isoegomaketone [(2E)-1-(3-furanyl)-4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-penten-1-one; 1]...
September 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867859/pharmacognostical-and-phytochemical-studies-of-helleborus-niger-l-root
#16
V Kishor Kumar, K G Lalitha
BACKGROUND: Helleborus niger L (Ranunculaceae) is used Ayurvedic and Unani systems and other herbal medicine systems. The roots of H. niger have a good medicinal value. AIMS: To conduct a pharmacognostical and phytochemical study of H. niger. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pharmacognostical studies on roots including parameters such as taxonomical, macroscopic, microscopic characters, physico-chemical, ultra-violet analysis and phytochemical studies are established...
January 2017: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867722/the-standardized-extract-of-juniperus-communis-alleviates-hyperpigmentation-in-vivo-hrm-2-hairless-mice-and-in-vitro-murine-b16-melanoma-cells
#17
Jonghwan Jegal, Ki Wung Chung, Hae Young Chung, Eun Ju Jeong, Min Hye Yang
In European folk medicine, the fruits of Juniperus communis are used in the treatment of skin-related disorders such as skin infection, itching, and psoriasis. Previously, we reported that the EtOAc fraction of J. communis (EAJC) contained tyrosinase inhibition properties in vitro non-cellular experiment. The aim of this study was to evaluate anti-melanogenic effect of standardized EAJC on a hyperpigmentation animal model. Therapeutic effects of EAJC toward skin hyperpigmentation were confirmed by both in vivo experiment and in vitro cell-based assay...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865203/pharmacological-and-phytochemical-screening-of-palestinian-traditional-medicinal-plants-erodium-laciniatum-and-lactuca-orientalis
#18
Nidal Jaradat, Motasem AlMasri, Abdel Naser Zaid, Dua'a Ghazi Othman
BACKGROUND: Various epidemiological studies showed that herbal remedies containing polyphenols may protect against various diseases such as cancers, vascular diseases and inflammatory pathologies. Currently, such groups of bioactive compounds have become a subject of many antimicrobials and antioxidant investigations. Accordingly, the current study aimed to conduct biological and phytochemical screening for two Palestinian traditional medicinal plants, Erodium laciniatum and Lactuca orientalis...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863384/therapeutical-strategies-for-anxiety-and-anxiety-like-disorders-using-plant-derived-natural-compounds-and-plant-extracts
#19
REVIEW
Julia Fedotova, Peter Kubatka, Dietrich Büsselberg, Alexander G Shleikin, Martin Caprnda, Jozef Dragasek, Luis Rodrigo, Miroslav Pohanka, Iveta Gasparova, Vladimir Nosal, Radka Opatrilova, Tawar Qaradakhi, Anthony Zulli, Peter Kruzliak
Anxiety and anxiety-like disorders describe many mental disorders, yet fear is a common overwhelming symptom often leading to depression. Currently two basic strategies are discussed to treat anxiety: pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy. In the pharmacotherapeutical clinical approach, several conventional synthetic anxiolytic drugs are being used with several adverse effects. Therefore, studies to find suitable safe medicines from natural sources are being sought by researchers. The results of a plethora experimental studies demonstrated that dietary phytochemicals like alkaloids, terpenes, flavonoids, phenolic acids, lignans, cinnamates, and saponins or various plant extracts with the mixture of different phytochemicals possess anxiolytic effects in a wide range of animal models of anxiety...
August 29, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863306/the-study-of-flavonolignan-association-patterns-in-fruits-of-diverging-silybum-marianum-l-gaertn-chemotypes-provides-new-insights-into-the-silymarin-biosynthetic-pathway
#20
Tommaso Martinelli, Anne Whittaker, Stefano Benedettelli, Andrea Carboni, Jadwiga Andrzejewska
Silymarin is the phytochemical with medicinal properties extracted from Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. fruits. Yet, little information is available about silymarin biosynthesis. Moreover, the generally accepted pathway, formulated thus far, is not in agreement with actual experimental measurements on flavonolignan contents. The present work analyses flavonolignan and taxifolin content in 201 S. marianum samples taking into consideration a wide phenotypic variability. Two stable chemotypes were identified: one characterized by both high silychristin and silybin content (chemotype A) and another by a high silydianin content (chemotype B)...
August 29, 2017: Phytochemistry
keyword
keyword
1103
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"