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post-mortem alzheimers disease autophage

Antonio Piras, Ludovic Collin, Fiona Grüninger, Caroline Graff, Annica Rönnbäck
INTRODUCTION: The accumulation of insoluble proteins within neurons and glia cells is a pathological hallmark of several neurodegenerative diseases. Abnormal aggregation of the microtubule-associated protein tau characterizes the neuropathology of tauopathies, such as Alzheimer disease (AD), corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). An impairment of the lysosomal degradation pathway called macroautophagy, hereafter referred to as autophagy, could contribute to the accumulation of aggregated proteins...
2016: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
Masaru Kurosawa, Gen Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Sumikura, Hiroyuki Hatsuta, Shigeo Murayama, Takashi Sakurai, Tomomi Shimogori, Nobutaka Hattori, Nobuyuki Nukina
Protein inclusions in neurodegenerative diseases are associated with p62, which has an important role in autophagic clearance of polyubiquitinated proteins. Selective autophagy is regulated by S403-phosphorylation of p62, and S403-phosphorylated p62 (S403-phos-p62) accumulates in Atg5 conditional knockout (Atg5CKO) mice in which autophagosome formation is impaired. We performed immunohistochemical tests for the presence of S403-phos-p62 in postmortem brain of neurodegenerative disease cases, and found accumulations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Alzheimer's disease tissues...
February 2016: Neuroscience Research
Zhi Tang, Eniko Ioja, Erika Bereczki, Kjell Hultenby, Chunxia Li, Zhizhong Guan, Bengt Winblad, Jin-Jing Pei
Abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau aggregates form paired helical filaments (PHFs) in neurofibrillary tangles, a key hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other tauopathies. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of soluble total tau and phospho-tau from clinically diagnosed AD patients are significantly higher compared with controls. Data from both in vitro and in vivo AD models have implied that an aberrant increase of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTor) signaling may be a causative factor for the formation of abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau...
July 2015: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
K E Funk, R E Mrak, J Kuret
AIMS: Granulovacuolar degeneration involves the accumulation of large, double membrane-bound bodies within certain neurones during the course of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other adult-onset dementias. Because of the two-layer membrane morphology, it has been proposed that the bodies are related to autophagic organelles. The aim of this study was to test this hypothesis, and determine the approximate stage at which the pathway stalls in AD. METHODS: Spatial colocalization of autophagic and endocytic markers with casein kinase 1 delta, a marker for granulovacuolar degeneration (GVD) bodies, was evaluated in hippocampal sections prepared from post mortem Braak stage IV and V AD cases using double-label confocal fluorescence microscopy...
April 2011: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
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