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ABO incompatibility jaundice

Sana Ullah, Khaista Rahman, Mehdi Hedayati
BACKGROUND: Hyperbilirubinemia, or jaundice, is a life threatening disorder in newborns. It is a multifactorial disorder with many symptoms. Generally, the physiological jaundice is the most prevalent type however in some regions pathological jaundice is also common. This review article focuses on a brief introduction to jaundice, its types and causes, measuring the bilirubin level, clinical approaches towards hyperbilirubinemia, different precautionary measures for the parents of babies suffering from hyperbilirubinemia and different remedial therapeutic measures for its treatment...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Daynia E Ballot, Gilbert Rugamba
Background. Severe hyperbilirubinaemia requiring exchange transfusion has become less common in recent years; however, kernicterus still occurs. The aim of this study was to review babies undergoing exchange transfusion for severe hyperbilirubinaemia in a Johannesburg hospital. Methodology. This was a retrospective review of babies who required exchange transfusion in both the neonatal and the paediatric wards from June 1, 2006, to December 31, 2011. Results. There were 64 patients who underwent 67 exchange transfusions...
2016: International Scholarly Research Notices
Huseyin Bilgin, Abdulkadir Eren, Semra Kara
Many different blood group systems, such as Rh, ABO, Kell, Kidd, Duffy, MNS, have been reported as causes of hemolytic disease of the newborn. Hemolysis due to minor blood group incompatibility in the fetus or newborn has been determined in isolated case reports. Here, we report a case of a patient who had received red cell transfusion due to severe Rh c and E incompatibility, leading to hemolytic anemia with heart failure. The mother and the baby were grouped B and B, respectively, both being positive for RhD antigen...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Anet Papazovska Cherepnalkovski, Vjekoslav Krzelj, Beti Zafirovska-Ivanovska, Todor Gruev, Josko Markic, Natasa Aluloska, Nikolina Zdraveska, Katica Piperkovska
BACKGROUND: Neonatal jaundice that occurs in ABO or Rhesus issoimunisation has been recognized as one of the major risk factors for development of severe hyperbilirubinemia and bilirubin neurotoxicity. AIM: Aim of our study was to investigate clinical and laboratory parameters associated with hemolytic jaundice due to Rh and ABO incompatibility and compare results with the group of unspecific jaundice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred sixty seven (167) neonatal hyperbilirubinemia cases were included in the study, 24...
December 15, 2015: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
G Arnolda, H M Nwe, D Trevisanuto, A A Thin, A A Thein, T Defechereux, D Kumara, L Moccia
BACKGROUND: Jaundice is the commonest neonatal ailment requiring treatment. Untreated, it can lead to acute bilirubin encephalopathy (ABE), chronic bilirubin encephalopathy (CBE) or death. ABE and CBE have been largely eliminated in industrialised countries, but remain a problem of largely undocumented scale in low resource settings. As part of a quality-improvement intervention in the Neonatal Care Units of two paediatric referral hospitals in Myanmar, hospitals collected de-identified data on each neonate treated on new phototherapy machines over 13-20 months...
2015: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
Abieyuwa A Emokpae, Cecilia A Mabogunje, Zainab O Imam, Bolajoko O Olusanya
BACKGROUND: A novel filtered-sunlight phototherapy (FSPT) device has been demonstrated to be safe and efficacious for treating infants with neonatal jaundice in resource-constrained tropical settings. We set out to provide baseline data for evaluating the clinical impact of this device in a referral pediatric hospital. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of infants admitted for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in an inner-city Children's Hospital in Lagos, between January 2012 and December 2014 to determine the pattern, treatment and outcomes during the pre-intervention period...
2016: PloS One
Wafaa Moustafa M Abo El Fotoh, Mohammed Soliman Rizk
BACKGROUND: The enzyme, Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), deficiency leads to impaired production of reduced glutathione and predisposes the red cells to be damaged by oxidative metabolites, causing hemolysis. Deficient neonates may manifest clinically as hyperbilirubinemia or even kernicterus. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to detect erythrocyte G6PD deficiency in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. METHODS AND DESIGN: To determine the frequency and effect of G6PD deficiency, this study was conducted on 202 neonates with indirect hyperbilirubinemia...
December 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Maya Yogev-Lifshitz, Leah Leibovitch, Irit Schushan-Eisen, Camelia Taran, Tzipora Strauss, Ayala Maayan-Metzger
BACKGROUND: Among term infants, ABO incompatibility is a leading cause of hemolytic disease and neonatal jaundice. With respect to preterm infants, data are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and severity of ABO incompatibility hemolytic disease among preterm infants with respect to hemolytic and jaundice parameters. DESIGN: Clinical and laboratory data were collected retrospectively from the medical records of 118 ABO-incompatible preterms born at gestational age (GA) 29-34 weeks, as well as 118 controls matched for GA, birth weight, and multiplicity...
June 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Manuel Mendizabal, Marcelo Oscar Silva
Acute liver failure is a critical medical condition defined as rapid development of hepatic dysfunction associated with encephalopathy. The prognosis in these patients is highly variable and depends on the etiology, interval between jaundice and encephalopathy, age, and the degree of coagulopathy. Determining the prognosis for this population is vital. Unfortunately, prognostic models with both high sensitivity and specificity for prediction of death have not been developed. Liver transplantation has dramatically improved survival in patients with acute liver failure...
January 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Cynthia A Mundy, Jatinder Bhatia
Newborns with ABO blood group incompatibility can have a spectrum of clinical presentations from remaining asymptomatic to severe hemolytic anemia with jaundice. This case presentation discusses dizygotic twins who demonstrated both ends of the clinical spectrum. Similar cases in which there is such extreme variation between twins were not attainable in the current literature, which prompted the authors to present it as a rare occurrence and one that was unexpected based on their past experience with ABO incompatibility both in singletons and in twins...
2015: Neonatal Network: NN
Bart Peeters, Inge Geerts, Mia Van Mullem, Isabel Micalessi, Veroniek Saegeman, Jan Moerman
UNLABELLED: Many hospitals opt for early postnatal discharge of newborns with a potential risk of readmission for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Assays/algorithms with the possibility to improve prediction of significant neonatal hyperbilirubinemia are needed to optimize screening protocols and safe discharge of neonates. This study investigated the predictive value of umbilical cord blood (UCB) testing for significant hyperbilirubinemia. Neonatal UCB bilirubin, UCB direct antiglobulin test (DAT), and blood group were determined, as well as the maternal blood group and the red blood cell antibody status...
May 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
B O Olusanya, F B Osibanjo, C A Mabogunje, T M Slusher, S A Olowe
Neonatal jaundice is a leading cause of hospitalization in the first week of life worldwide. If inappropriately managed, it may result in significant bilirubin-induced mortality and disability. We set out to describe the epidemiology of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia as well as the practices and challenges in the care of infants with significant neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (SNH) in Nigeria, as basis for policy intervention and research priorities. We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, WHO Library Database, African Index Medicus, African Journals Online, and local journals for studies published between January 1960 and December 2014...
January 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
T Malla, S Singh, P Poudyal, B Sathian, G Bk, K K Malla
BACKGROUND: An exchange transfusion involves replacing patient's blood with donor blood in order to remove abnormal blood components and circulating toxins while maintaining adequate circulating blood volume. OBJECTIVE: To observe the incidence, causes of jaundice requiring Exchange and any adverse event of exchange transfusion in newborns with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. METHOD: Prospective study undertaken at Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Manipal Teaching Hospital, Pokhara, Nepal from March 2014 to April 2015...
April 2015: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Akira Umemura, Akira Sasaki, Hiroyuki Nitta, Takeshi Takahara, Yasushi Hasegawa, Go Wakabayashi
Biliary complications, such as stricture or obstruction after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), are still major problems. Magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) is a minimally invasive and nonsurgical procedure in patients with biliary structure or obstruction. A 49-year-old woman who had had ABO-incompatible LDLT 16 months previously presented with obstructive jaundice. After sufficient improvement of obstructive jaundice by percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage (PTCD), the rendezvous technique between PTCD and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was attempted in order to break through the stricture, but this was not successful...
August 2014: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Charles Panackel, Rony Thomas, Benoy Sebastian, Sunil K Mathai
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a life-threatening illness, where a previously normal liver fails within days to weeks. Sudden loss of synthetic and detoxification function of liver results in jaundice, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, and multiorgan failure. The etiology of ALF varies demographically. The mortality of ALF is as high as 40-50%. The initial care of patients with ALF depends on prompt recognition of the condition and early detection of etiology. Management includes intensive care support, treatment of specific etiology if present and early detection of candidates for liver transplantation...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Peymaneh Alizadeh Taheri, Mandana Sadeghi, Negar Sajjadian
BACKGROUND: Severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study was conducted to investigate the causes of severe hyperbilirubinemia leading to Exchange Transfusion (ET) from March 2009 to March 2011 in Bahrami children hospital, Tehran, Iran in order to establish guidelines to prevent profound jaundice & ET. METHODS: 94 neonates underwent ET for severe hyperbilirubinemia data for demographic data, and onset of jaundice, history of severe hyperbilirubinemia in siblings, blood group of both mother and neonate, G6PD activity, hemoglobin, hematocrite, reticulocyte count, peripheral blood smear, total and direct bilirubin before and after ET, direct and indirect Coombs, times of transfusion and the cause of hyperbilirubinemia were all recorded for analysis...
2014: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
A Cortey, M Elzaabi, T Waegemans, B Roch, Y Aujard
OBJECTIVES: ABO fetomaternal red blood cell incompatibility (ABO FMI) induces an immune hemolysis after fetal transfer of hemolyzing maternal anti-A or anti-B. ABO hemolytic disease (ABO HD) remains the most frequent cause of severe and early jaundice in newborns. High levels of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia may induce acute and chronic neurological complications. Severe hyperbilirubinemia can be prevented by first-line phototherapy (PT) treatment, but exchange transfusion (ET) is required if treatment is not effective, even if ET is linked with high hemodynamic, infectious, gastrointestinal, and/or biological morbidity...
September 2014: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
A A Suria, Y Nurasyikin, A G Adibah, F C Cheah, C F Leong
ABO incompatibility and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency G6PD are common haematological problems affecting the newborn. The resulting haemolytic disease of foetus and newborn (HDFN) caused by either of these pathologies generally follows a benign course. It is typically characterized by mild jaundice without significant anaemia. ABO incompatibility alone as a cause of foetal hydrops is extremely rare. We report a case of a newborn baby girl with an anti-B isoimmunisation and G6PD deficiency manifesting with hydrops foetalis, anaemia and hyperbilirubinaemia, born to a mother with blood group O...
2014: La Clinica Terapeutica
Yadollah Zahedpasha, Mousa Ahmadpour, Haleh Akhavan Niaki, Ehsan Alaee
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The pathogenesis of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia hasn't been completely defined in Gloucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient newborns. The aim of this study was to detect the relationship between Gilbert's syndrome and hyperbilirubinemia in Gloucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study was conducted in Amirkola pediatrics teaching hospital, Babol, Iran. A total number of one hundred four infants were included in the study (51 infants with neonatal jaundice and Gloucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency admitted to phototherapy or transfusion were selected as the case group and 53 infants with Gloucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency admitted for other reasons than jaundice were selected as the control group)...
March 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Abdulaziz Alkhotani, Essam Eldin Mohamed Nour Eldin, Amal Zaghloul, Shakil Mujahid
The aims of this study were to detect the frequency at which the different types of neonatal jaundice occur in Makkah and to estimate the malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. This study included 239 neonates with neonatal jaundice, 20 anemic neonates and 21 healthy neonates. ABO incompatibility was observed in 31.6% of neonates with indirect hyperbilirubinemia, in 14.3% of those with early onset jaundice, in 9.5% of those with persistent jaundice, in 8.5% of those with physiological jaundice, in 5% of anemic neonates and in 12% of all neonates...
2014: Scientific Reports
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