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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775421/probability-of-heat-intolerance-standardized-interpretation-of-heat-tolerance-testing-results-versus-specialist-judgment
#1
Haggai Schermann, Erin Craig, Einat Yanovich, Itay Ketko, Gary Kalmanovich, Ran Yanovich
CONTEXT:   The heat-tolerance test (HTT) is a screening tool for secondary prevention of exertional heat illness by the Israel Defense Forces. To discern participant tolerance, recruits are exposed to intermediate environmental and exercise stresses, and their physiological responses, core temperature, and heart rate are monitored. When their physiological measures rise at a higher rate or exceed the upper levels of absolute values compared with other participants, heat intolerance (HI) is diagnosed...
April 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773606/optimising-experimental-research-in-respiratory-diseases-an-ers-statement
#2
Philippe Bonniaud, Aurélie Fabre, Nelly Frossard, Christophe Guignabert, Mark Inman, Wolfgang M Kuebler, Tania Maes, Wei Shi, Martin Stampfli, Stefan Uhlig, Eric White, Martin Witzenrath, Pierre-Simon Bellaye, Bruno Crestani, Oliver Eickelberg, Heinz Fehrenbach, Andreas Guenther, Gisli Jenkins, Guy Joos, Antoine Magnan, Bernard Maitre, Ulrich A Maus, Petra Reinhold, Juanita H J Vernooy, Luca Richeldi, Martin Kolb
Experimental models are critical for the understanding of lung health and disease and are indispensable for drug development. However, the pathogenetic and clinical relevance of the models is often unclear. Further, the use of animals in biomedical research is controversial from an ethical perspective.The objective of this task force was to issue a statement with research recommendations about lung disease models by facilitating in-depth discussions between respiratory scientists, and to provide an overview of the literature on the available models...
May 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773232/risk-factors-associated-with-strongylid-egg-count-prevalence-and-abundance-in-the-united-states-equine-population
#3
M K Nielsen, M A Branan, A M Wiedenheft, R Digianantonio, J A Scare, J L Bellaw, L P Garber, C A Kopral, A M Phillippi-Taylor, J L Traub-Dargatz
Equine strongyle parasites are considered ubiquitous in grazing equids across the world, and cyathostomin parasites are known pathogens causing well-described disease complexes in horses. Decades of intensive anthelmintic treatments have led to anthelmintic resistance in cyathostomins, and current recommendations are to lower treatment intensity and base control strategies on fecal egg count surveillance. Little is known about risk factors associated with strongyle parasite egg shedding patterns in the United States equine population, as the most recent national survey was conducted 20 years ago...
May 14, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771827/the-influence-of-socioeconomic-factors-on-the-epidemiology-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-southern-italy
#4
Carolina Sbordone, Ida Barca, Marzia Petrocelli, Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Walter Colangeli, Maria Giulia Cristofaro, Mario Giudice, Amerigo Giudice, Francesco Maria Cassandro, Federica Attanasi, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
Maxillofacial fractures represent a serious public health problem. Their epidemiology is extremely variable and its analysis is crucial to establish effective treatment and prevention of these injuries. The aim of this multicentric retrospective study was to analyze causes, demographics, incidence, characteristics of 987 patients diagnosed with maxillofacial trauma between 2011 and 2015 at Complex Operative Unit of Maxillofacial Surgery of Federico II University of Naples and Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Italy; 657 male and 310 female patients were admitted in the study...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770294/three-dimensional-modelling-and-three-dimensional-printing-in-pediatric-and-congenital-cardiac-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Laszlo Kiraly
Three-dimensional (3D) modelling and printing methods greatly support advances in individualized medicine and surgery. In pediatric and congenital cardiac surgery, personalized imaging and 3D modelling presents with a range of advantages, e.g., better understanding of complex anatomy, interactivity and hands-on approach, possibility for preoperative surgical planning and virtual surgery, ability to assess expected results, and improved communication within the multidisciplinary team and with patients. 3D virtual and printed models often add important new anatomical findings and prompt alternative operative scenarios...
April 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769257/optimum-hospice-at-home-services-for-end-of-life-care-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-study-employing-realist-evaluation
#6
Claire Butler, Charlotte Brigden, Heather Gage, Peter Williams, Laura Holdsworth, Kay Greene, Bee Wee, Stephen Barclay, Patricia Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Hospice at home (HAH) services aim to enable patients to be cared for and die in their place of choice, if that is at home, and to achieve a 'good death'. There is a considerable range of HAH services operating in England. The published evidence focuses on evaluations of individual services which vary considerably, and there is a lack of consistency in terms of the outcome measures reported. The evidence, therefore, does not provide generalisable information, so the question 'What are the features of hospice at home service models that work, for whom, and under what circumstances?' remains unanswered...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769096/a-methodology-for-generating-a-tailored-implementation-blueprint-an-exemplar-from-a-youth-residential-setting
#7
Cara C Lewis, Kelli Scott, Brigid R Marriott
BACKGROUND: Tailored implementation approaches are touted as more likely to support the integration of evidence-based practices. However, to our knowledge, few methodologies for tailoring implementations exist. This manuscript will apply a model-driven, mixed methods approach to a needs assessment to identify the determinants of practice, and pilot a modified conjoint analysis method to generate an implementation blueprint using a case example of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) implementation in a youth residential center...
May 16, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768401/near-real-time-forecasting-for-cholera-decision-making-in-haiti-after-hurricane-matthew
#8
Damiano Pasetto, Flavio Finger, Anton Camacho, Francesco Grandesso, Sandra Cohuet, Joseph C Lemaitre, Andrew S Azman, Francisco J Luquero, Enrico Bertuzzo, Andrea Rinaldo
Computational models of cholera transmission can provide objective insights into the course of an ongoing epidemic and aid decision making on allocation of health care resources. However, models are typically designed, calibrated and interpreted post-hoc. Here, we report the efforts of a team from academia, field research and humanitarian organizations to model in near real-time the Haitian cholera outbreak after Hurricane Matthew in October 2016, to assess risk and to quantitatively estimate the efficacy of a then ongoing vaccination campaign...
May 16, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767089/using-probiotics-to-improve-swine-gut-health-and-nutrient-utilization
#9
REVIEW
Shengfa F Liao, Martin Nyachoti
To maintain a healthy gut is definitely key for a pig to digest and absorb dietary nutrients efficiently. A balanced microbiota (i.e., a healthy micro-ecosystem) is an indispensable constituent of a healthy gut. Probiotics, the live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer good health benefits onto the host, are a category of feed additives that can be used to replenish the gut microbial population while recuperating the host immune system. Besides their antitoxin and diarrhea reduction effects, dietary supplementation of probiotics can improve gut health, nutrient digestibilities and, therefore, benefit nutrient utilization and growth performance of pigs...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766655/pre-surgical-surgical-and-post-surgical-experiences-of-weight-loss-surgery-patients-a-closer-look-at-social-determinants-of-health
#10
L P Johnson, F M Asigbee, R Crowell, A Negrini
Using a novel qualitative approach, Photovoice, researchers assessed social, psychological, physical and economic barriers encountered by patients of weight loss surgery. Applying the Photovoice approach and Williams' theory of narrative reconstruction for qualitative interviewing, the research team set out to investigate the bariatric patient experience from pre-surgery to hospitalization to post-surgery. Fifteen participants were given digital cameras and asked to take photographs that represented their weight loss journeys...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766134/protocol-for-a-randomized-trial-of-the-effect-of-timing-of-cholecystectomy-during-initial-admission-for-predicted-mild-gallstone-pancreatitis-at-a-safety-net-hospital
#11
Krislynn M Mueck, Shuyan Wei, Mike K Liang, Tien C Ko, Jon E Tyson, Lillian S Kao
Background: There is evidence-based consensus for laparoscopic cholecystectomy during index admission for predicted mild gallstone pancreatitis, defined by the absence of organ failure and of local or systemic complications. However, the optimal timing for surgery within that admission is controversial. Early cholecystectomy may shorten hospital length of stay (LOS) and increase patient satisfaction. Alternatively, it may increase operative difficulty and complications resulting in readmissions...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764617/evaluation-of-commercially-available-seat-suspensions-to-reduce-whole-body-vibration-exposures-in-mining-heavy-equipment-vehicle-operators
#12
Jeong Ho Kim, Luz S Marin, Jack T Dennerlein
As mining vehicle operators are exposed to high level of Whole body vibration (WBV) for prolonged periods of time, approaches to reduce this exposure are needed for the specific types of exposures in mining. Although various engineering controls (i.e. seat suspension systems) have been developed to address WBV, there has been lack of research to systematically evaluate these systems in reducing WBV exposures in mining heavy equipment vehicle settings. Therefore, this laboratory-based study evaluated the efficacy of different combinations of fore-aft (x-axis), lateral (y-axis), and vertical (z-axis) suspensions in reducing WBV exposures...
September 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761381/impaired-tongue-function-as-an-indicator-of-laryngeal-aspiration-in-adults-with-acquired-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#13
Martin Checklin, Tania Pizzari
Tongue function assessment typically forms part of a clinical bedside swallowing evaluation (CBSE). The predictive value of lingual function for calculating aspiration risk in isolation is not known. The aim of this systematic review was to collate current evidence on the utility of assessing lingual deficits for predicting aspiration. Health databases Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, SpeechBITE, AMED and Embase were searched from inception to November 2016. Studies were included if there was a comparison between a clinical lingual assessment (index test) and aspiration on instrumental assessments (reference test) in adults who had been diagnosed with oropharyngeal dysphagia...
May 14, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758511/quantitative-analysis-of-glycated-albumin-in-serum-based-on-atr-ftir-spectrum-combined-with-sipls-and-svm
#14
Yuanpeng Li, Fucui Li, Xinhao Yang, Liu Guo, Furong Huang, Zhenqiang Chen, Xingdan Chen, Shifu Zheng
A rapid quantitative analysis model for determining the glycated albumin (GA) content based on Attenuated total reflectance (ATR)-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) combining with linear SiPLS and nonlinear SVM has been developed. Firstly, the real GA content in human serum was determined by GA enzymatic method, meanwhile, the ATR-FTIR spectra of serum samples from the population of health examination were obtained. The spectral data of the whole spectra mid-infrared region (4000-600 cm-1 ) and GA's characteristic region (1800-800 cm-1 ) were used as the research object of quantitative analysis...
May 7, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754760/the-role-of-scube1-in-the-development-of-late-stent-thrombosis-presenting-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#15
Hasan Ata Bolayır, Tarık Kıvrak, Hakan Güneş, Dursun Akaslan, Ömer Şahin, Aslı Bolayır
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: There is an important link between platelets and inflammation, thrombosis, and vascular and tissue repair mechanisms. SCUBE1 (signal peptide-CUB-EGF domain-containing protein 1) may function as a novel platelet-endothelial adhesion molecule and play pathological roles in cardiovascular biology. Stent thrombosis (ST) following percutaneous coronary intervention is an uncommon and potentially catastrophic event that can manifest as myocardial infarction and sudden death...
May 10, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754615/establishing-a-hernia-program
#16
REVIEW
David M Krpata
Hernia repair is one of the most common operations performed by surgeons; however, there is neither consistency in practice nor broadly accepted guidelines to advise best practices. Hernia Programs can help shape guidelines through voluntary participation, inclusion, continuous quality improvement, education, and research by all stakeholders involved in hernia surgery at the institution. Once established, a Hernia Program can improve the delivery of care and outcomes of hernia patients, leading to added value for the institution and health care system...
June 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753582/the-biomarkers-associated-with-sarcopenia-and-physical-frailty-in-elderly-persons-biosphere-study-rationale-design-and-methods
#17
Riccardo Calvani, Anna Picca, Federico Marini, Alessandra Biancolillo, Matteo Cesari, Vito Pesce, Angela Maria Serena Lezza, Maurizio Bossola, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi, Emanuele Marzetti
Sarcopenia, the progressive and generalised loss of muscle mass and strength/function, is a major health issue in older adults given its high prevalence and burdensome clinical implications. Over the years, this condition has been endorsed as a marker for discriminating biological from chronological age. However, the absence of a unified operational definition has hampered its full appreciation by healthcare providers, researchers and policy-makers. In addition to this unsolved debate, the complexity of musculoskeletal ageing represents a major challenge to the identification of clinically meaningful biomarkers...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748657/digital-anthropometry-a-critical-review
#18
REVIEW
Steven B Heymsfield, Brianna Bourgeois, Bennett K Ng, Markus J Sommer, Xin Li, John A Shepherd
Anthropometry, Greek for human measurement, is a tool widely used across many scientific disciplines. Clinical nutrition applications include phenotyping subjects across the lifespan for assessing growth, body composition, response to treatments, and predicting health risks. The simple anthropometric tools such as flexible measuring tapes and calipers are now being supplanted by rapidly developing digital technology devices. These systems take many forms, but excitement today surrounds the introduction of relatively low cost three-dimensional optical imaging methods that can be used in research, clinical, and even home settings...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747944/clinical-and-administrative-data-on-the-research-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-spain-minimum-basic-data-set-validity
#19
José Luis Bernal, José A Barrabés, Andrés Íñiguez, Antonio Fernández-Ortiz, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Alfredo Bardají, Francisco Javier Elola
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Health outcomes research is done from clinical registries or administrative databases. The aim of this work was to evaluate the concordance of the Minimum Basic Data Set (MBDS) with the DIOCLES (Descripción de la Cardiopatía Isquémica en el Territorio Español) registry and to analyze the implications of use of the MBDS in the study of acute coronary syndrome in Spain. METHODS: Through indirect identifiers, DIOCLES was linked with MBDS and unique matches were selected...
May 7, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747912/defining-staged-procedures-for-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-trials-a-guidance-document
#20
REVIEW
Ernest Spitzer, Eugène McFadden, Pascal Vranckx, Ton de Vries, Ben Ren, Carlos Collet, Yoshinobu Onuma, Hector M Garcia-Garcia, Renato D Lopes, Gregg W Stone, Donald E Cutlip, Patrick W Serruys
Patients in coronary intervention trials may require more than 1 procedure to complete the intended revascularization strategy. However, these staged interventions are not consistently defined. Standardized definitions are needed to allow meaningful comparisons of this outcome among trials. This document provides guidance on relevant parameters involving staged procedures, including minimum data collection and consistent classification of coronary procedures initially identified as staged; the aim is to achieve consistency among clinical trialists, sponsors, health authorities, and regulators...
May 14, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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