keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health operations research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633564/energy-harvesting-from-the-animal-human-body-for-self-powered-electronics
#1
Canan Dagdeviren, Zhou Li, Zhong Lin Wang
Living subjects (i.e., humans and animals) have abundant sources of energy in chemical, thermal, and mechanical forms. The use of these energies presents a viable way to overcome the battery capacity limitation that constrains the long-term operation of wearable/implantable devices. The intersection of novel materials and fabrication techniques offers boundless possibilities for the benefit of human health and well-being via various types of energy harvesters. This review summarizes the existing approaches that have been demonstrated to harvest energy from the bodies of living subjects for self-powered electronics...
June 21, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630726/the-hapi-hip-arthroscopy-pre-habilitation-intervention-study-does-pre-habilitation-affect-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoro-acetabular-impingement
#2
Louise F Grant, Derek J Cooper, Jon L Conroy
The purpose of this randomized prospective comparative controlled pilot study was to determine whether specific patient exercises done pre-hip arthroscopy surgery for femoro-acetabular impingement affected post-operative recovery. Between October 2013 and June 2014, 6 males and twelve females over the age of eighteen, who were listed for hip arthroscopy for femoro-acetabular impingement, were randomized into two groups. A hip-specific, 8-week home exercise programme was given to the experimental group before their surgery...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629438/an-output-evaluation-of-a-health-research-foundation-s-enhanced-grant-review-process-for-new-investigators
#3
Gregory W Hammond, Mê-Linh Lê, Tannis Novotny, Stephanie P B Caligiuri, Grant N Pierce, John Wade
BACKGROUND: We assessed the ability of the Manitoba Medical Service Foundation (MMSF, a small not-for-profit foundation affiliated with Manitoba Blue Cross) to determine the best candidates for selection to receive research funding support among new researchers applying to the Research Operating Grants Programme (ROGP). METHODS: Using bibliometric and grants funding analyses, we retrospectively compared indices of academic outputs from five cohorts of MMSF-funded and not MMSF-funded applicants to the annual MMSF ROGP over 2008 to 2012, from 1 to 5 years after having received evaluation decisions from the MMSF enhanced grant review process...
June 19, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627152/-effectiveness-of-inspections-in-the-construction-sites-on-reducing-innjuries-a-pilot-study-in-a-health-unit-of-piedmont-region-northern-italy
#4
Walter Lazzarotto, Osvaldo Pasqualini, Elena Farina, Antonella Bena
OBJECTIVES: to describe a pilot study to evaluate the impact on injury rates of Occupational health and safety (OHS) inspections conducted in the construction sites of the Novara Health Unit territory during 2005-2007. DESIGN: study design is "treated/non treated" where: "treated" are construction companies inspected during 2005-2007 and not inspected in the periods before and after; "non treated" are construction companies never inspected during 2002-2010. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: two information sources have been used: Italian Workers' Compensation Authority databases and Novara Health Unit inspection database...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626796/determining-underground-mining-work-postures-using-motion-capture-and-digital-human-modeling
#5
Timothy J Lutz, Joseph P DuCarme, Adam K Smith, Dean Ambrose
According to Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data, during 2008-2012 in the U.S., there were, on average, 65 lost-time accidents per year during routine mining and maintenance activities involving remote-controlled continuous mining machines (CMMs). To address this problem, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is currently investigating the implementation and integration of existing and emerging technologies in underground mines to provide automated, intelligent proximity detection (iPD) devices on CMMs...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Environment and Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626753/health-brokers-how-can-they-help-deal-with-the-wickedness-of-public-health-problems
#6
Celeste E van Rinsum, Sanne M P L Gerards, Geert M Rutten, Ien A M van de Goor, Stef P J Kremers
BACKGROUND: The role of health broker is a relatively new one in public health. Health brokers aim to create support for efforts to optimise health promotion in complex or even "wicked" public health contexts by facilitating intersectoral collaborations and by exchanging knowledge with different stakeholders. The current study aimed to explore the role of health brokers, by examining the motivational, contextual, and behaviour-related factors they have to deal with. METHODS: Fifteen professionals from various backgrounds and from various policy and practice organisations were recruited for a semistructured interview...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626298/stress-and-coping-latino-youth-coming-of-age-in-a-new-latino-destination
#7
Maria Brietzke, Krista Perreira
Previous research has linked stress to adverse mental health outcomes among Latino adolescents living in the United States. The mechanism through which this process operates continues to be explored, especially in regions of the country where Latin American immigrants and their children have only recently begun to migrate. Our study aimed to contextualize the processes of stress and coping among Latino adolescents growing up in an emerging Latino destination in the US-North Carolina (NC). All adolescents in our study were either the first or second generation children of immigrants from Latin American countries including Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico...
July 2017: Journal of Adolescent Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622408/creation-of-the-quebrada-arriba-community-and-academic-partnership-an-effective-coalition-for-addressing-health-disparities-in-older-puerto-ricans
#8
Elsa M Orellano-Colón, Yolanda González-Laboy, Amarelis De Jesús-Rosario
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to develop a community-academic coalition partnership to conduct community-based participatory research (CBPR) to address health disparities in older adults with chronic conditions living in the Quebrada Arriba community. METHODS: We used the 'Developing and Sustaining CPPR Partnerships: A Skill-Building Curriculum', to create the Quebrada Arriba Community-Academic Partnership (QACAP). We assessed the meetings effectiveness and the CBPR experiences of the coalition members in the community-academic partnership...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621697/innovation-systemic-appropriation-and-prevention-in-the-granite-mining-sector-the-case-of-humidification
#9
R W B Mendes, V Pueyo, P Béguin, F J C M Duarte
BACKGROUND: This research was conducted in the Brazilian granite mining sector. After epidemiological studies, it was established that professional pneumoconiosis is related to the inhalation of dust. Therefore, the Brazilian mining health and safety regulatory standard made it compulsory to provide humidification throughout the extraction and mineral treatment processes. OBJECTIVE: To develop the concept of systemic appropriation of the technological innovations that aim to protect the worker's health...
June 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621657/a-surgical-intervention-for-the-body-politic-generation-squeeze-applies-the-advocacy-coalition-framework-to-social-determinants-of-health-knowledge-translation
#10
Paul Kershaw, Eric Swanson, Andrea Stucchi
SETTING: The World Health Organization Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (SDoH) observes that building political will is central to all its recommendations, because governments respond to those who organize and show up. Since younger Canadians are less likely to vote or to organize in between elections, they are less effective at building political will than their older counterparts. This results in an age gap between SDoH research and government budget priorities. Whereas Global AgeWatch ranks Canada among the top countries for aging, UNICEF ranks Canada among the least generous OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries for the generations raising young children...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619063/more-preoperative-flexibility-implies-adequate-neural-pliability-for-curve-correction-without-prophylactic-untethering-in-scoliosis-patients-with-asymptomatic-tethered-spinal-cord-a-retrospective-study
#11
Zhenhai Zhou, Hongqi Zhang, Chaofeng Guo, Honggui Yu, Longjie Wang, Qiang Guo
BACKGROUND: Tethered spinal cord is frequently associated with scoliosis. It is still controversial whether a prophylactic untethering is necessary before correction procedure in scoliosis patients with tethered spinal cord. In this study we determined the clinical outcome of a one-stage posterior scoliosis correction without a prophylactic untethering for treating scoliosis with an asymptomatic tethered spinal cord. METHODS: Seventeen (5 males and 12 females) scoliosis patients with tethered spinal cords were retrospectively reviewed...
June 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618072/to-break-the-weight-gain-a-qualitative-study-on-the-experience-of-school-nurses-working-with-overweight-children-in-elementary-school
#12
Stina Thorstensson, Carola Blomgren, Annelie J Sundler, Margaretha Larsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This article describes the experiences of school nurses working with overweight school children. BACKGROUND: School nurses play an important role in health promotion of overweight children. Lifestyle changes and interventions to address being overweight can improve health outcomes and decrease the risk for future health problems. DESIGN: A descriptive and qualitative design with a phenomenological approach was used. Data were gathered through interviews with school nurses working with overweight school children in Swedish elementary school; the data were subsequently analysed for meanings...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617240/what-carcinoembryonic-antigen-level-should-trigger-further-investigation-during-colorectal-cancer-follow-up-a-systematic-review-and-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Bethany Shinkins, Brian D Nicholson, Tim James, Indika Pathiraja, Sian Pugh, Rafael Perera, John Primrose, David Mant
BACKGROUND: Following primary surgical and adjuvant treatment for colorectal cancer, many patients are routinely followed up with blood carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) testing. OBJECTIVE: To determine how the CEA test result should be interpreted to inform the decision to undertake further investigation to detect treatable recurrences. DESIGN: Two studies were conducted: (1) a Cochrane review of existing studies describing the diagnostic accuracy of blood CEA testing for detecting colorectal recurrence; and (2) a secondary analysis of data from the two arms of the FACS (Follow-up After Colorectal Surgery) trial in which CEA testing was carried out...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617016/a-systematic-review-of-evaluation-research-in-integrated-behavioral-health-care-operational-and-financial-characteristics
#14
Amelia R Muse, Angela L Lamson, Katharine W Didericksen, Jennifer L Hodgson
INTRODUCTION: Integrated behavioral health care (IBHC) is an emerging solution for the delivery of behavioral health in primary care contexts. Although IBHC has been implemented and studied for more than 2 decades, little seems to be known about how it is best evaluated. This article illustrates a framework for IBHC evaluation based on the Three World view (with a focus on the operational and financial worlds) and delivers results from a systematic review on the operational and financial characteristics of existing IBHC research...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616494/community-based-surveillance-of-zoonotic-parasites-in-a-one-health-world-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
J M Schurer, E Mosites, C Li, S Meschke, P Rabinowitz
The One Health (OH) concept provides an integrated framework for observing and improving health issues involving human, animal, and environmental factors, and has been applied in particular to zoonotic disease problems. We conducted a systematic review of English and Chinese language peer-reviewed and grey literature databases to identify zoonotic endoparasite research utilizing an OH approach in community-based settings. Our review identified 32 articles where specimens collected simultaneously from all three OH domains (people, animals, and the environment) were assessed for endoparasite infection or exposure...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616479/human-q-fever-incidence-is-associated-to-spatiotemporal-environmental-conditions
#16
J P G Van Leuken, A N Swart, J Brandsma, W Terink, J Van de Kassteele, P Droogers, F Sauter, A H Havelaar, W Van der Hoek
Airborne pathogenic transmission from sources to humans is characterised by atmospheric dispersion and influence of environmental conditions on deposition and reaerosolisation. We applied a One Health approach using human, veterinary and environmental data regarding the 2009 epidemic in The Netherlands, and investigated whether observed human Q fever incidence rates were correlated to environmental risk factors. We identified 158 putative sources (dairy goat and sheep farms) and included 2339 human cases. We performed a high-resolution (1 × 1 km) zero-inflated regression analysis to predict incidence rates by Coxiella burnetii concentration (using an atmospheric dispersion model and meteorological data), and environmental factors - including vegetation density, soil moisture, soil erosion sensitivity, and land use data - at a yearly and monthly time-resolution...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614579/an-instrumental-variable-analysis-comparing-medicare-expenditures-for-laparoscopic-vs-open-colectomy
#17
Kyle H Sheetz, Edward C Norton, Scott E Regenbogen, Justin B Dimick
Importance: Numerous study findings suggest that the use of laparoscopy is associated with lower health care costs for many operations, including colectomy. The extent to which these differences are due to the laparoscopic approach itself or selection bias from healthier patients undergoing the less invasive procedure is unclear. Objective: To evaluate the differences in Medicare expenditures for laparoscopic and open colectomy. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based study was conducted of Medicare beneficiaries undergoing laparoscopic or open colectomy between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2012...
June 14, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614465/implementation-strategy-for-advanced-practice-nursing-in-primary-health-care-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#18
David Oldenburger, Silvia Helena De Bortoli Cassiani, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Ruta Kristina Valaitis, Andrea Baumann, Joyce Pulcini, Ruth Martin-Misener
SYNOPSIS Advanced practice nursing (APN) is a term used to describe a variety of possible nursing roles operating at an advanced level of practice. Historically, APN roles haves evolved informally, out of the need to improve access to health care services for at-risk and disadvantaged populations and for those living in underserved rural and remote communities. To address health needs, especially ones related to primary health care, nurses acquired additional skills through practice experience, and over time they developed an expanded scope of practice...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611524/study-on-the-value-of-serum-mir-106b-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
Bao-Min Shi, Wen Lu, Kun Ji, Yu-Feng Wang, Shuai Xiao, Xiu-Yan Wang
AIM: To analyze the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a population that underwent health checkups and had high serum miR-106b levels. METHODS: A total of 335 subjects who underwent checkups in the Digestive and Liver Disease Department of our hospital were randomly selected. RT-PCR was used to detect the level of miR-106b in serum samples. Laboratory and imaging examinations were carried out to confirm the HCC diagnosis in patients who had a > 2-fold change in miR-106b levels...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#20
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
keyword
keyword
110282
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"