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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911089/don-t-say-that-to-me-opposition-to-targeting-in-weight-centric-intervention-messages
#1
Becky Robinson, Samantha Coveleski
Obesity is a global health issue. Despite well-intentioned efforts by public institutions, traditional health promotion techniques often lead to offending those most in need of weight loss. For example, when Bryn Mawr College targeted overweight students to offer a free fitness and nutrition program, it was met with accusations of fat-shaming, indicating that weight-centric messages operate in a more complex sociocultural system than many public health concerns. To better understand reactions to weight-centric health messages, college-aged women evaluated the Bryn Mawr College e-mail...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906934/can-unilateral-kyphoplasty-replace-bilateral-kyphoplasty-in-treatment-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Han Sun, Pei-Pei Lu, Yi-Jie Liu, Xu Yang, Ping-Hui Zhou, Xiao-Feng Shen, Si-Wei Sun, Huilin Yang
BACKGROUND: Kyphoplasty has been proven to be an efficient method to relieve patient suffering from osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Because of its technological superiority, unilateral kyphoplasty consumes less operative time and bone cement than traditional bilateral kyphoplasty. However, there is controversy about which method is most efficient in the treatment of OVCFs. Thus, an overall analysis should be performed to shed light on the facts corroborating both procedures...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906785/210po-in-human-saliva-of-smokeless-tobacco-users
#3
Maria Assunta Meli, Donatella Desideri, Carla Roselli, Laura Feduzi
The occurrence and mobility of Po in oral smokeless tobacco products (STPs) were determined because its effects on human health must be taken into account. This research was subdivided into two parts: determination by alpha spectrometry of the Po activity concentration in 16 oral smokeless tobacco products of different brands purchased in local specialty stores in Europe and evaluation of its percent extraction into an artificial salivary gland during sucking or chewing operations. Polonium-210 was detected in all samples, and its concentrations ranged from 3...
January 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906123/one-health-research-and-training-and-government-support-for-one-health-in-south-asia
#4
REVIEW
Joanna S McKenzie, Rojan Dahal, Manish Kakkar, Nitish Debnath, Mahmudur Rahman, Sithar Dorjee, Khalid Naeem, Tikiri Wijayathilaka, Barun Kumar Sharma, Nasir Maidanwal, Asmatullah Halimi, Eunmi Kim, Pranab Chatterjee, Brecht Devleesschauwer
INTRODUCTION: Considerable advocacy, funding, training, and technical support have been provided to South Asian countries to strengthen One Health (OH) collaborative approaches for controlling diseases with global human pandemic potential since the early 2000s. It is essential that the OH approach continues to be strengthened given South Asia is a hot spot for emerging and endemic zoonotic diseases. The objectives of this article are to describe OH research and training and capacity building activities and the important developments in government support for OH in these countries to identify current achievements and gaps...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906038/craniopagus-parasiticus-a-parasitic-head-protruding-from-temporal-area-of-cranium-a-case-report
#5
Wassihun Nega, Meku Damte, Yonas Girma, Getachew Desta, Mengistu Hailemariam
BACKGROUND: Craniopagus parasiticus is rare with an incidence of approximately four to six cases in 10,000,000 births. In our case, the head of the parasitic twin protruded from the temporal area of the normal twin's cranium. The parasitic twin had two deformed lower limbs, of which one was rudimentary, and long bones of the bilateral lower limbs and some pelvic bone. Dissection of the mass of the parasitic twin's body revealed the intestine but no chest organs or abdominal organs. There was a rudimentary labium but no vaginal opening...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905909/development-of-a-measure-of-model-fidelity-for-mental-health-crisis-resolution-teams
#6
Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Gary R Bond, Torleif Ruud, Ada Ivanecka, Richard Gray, David Osborn, Fiona Nolan, Claire Henderson, Oliver Mason, Nicky Goater, Kathleen Kelly, Gareth Ambler, Nicola Morant, Steve Onyett, Danielle Lamb, Sarah Fahmy, Ellie Brown, Beth Paterson, Angela Sweeney, David Hindle, Kate Fullarton, Johanna Frerichs, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: Crisis Resolution Teams (CRTs) provide short-term intensive home treatment to people experiencing mental health crisis. Trial evidence suggests CRTs can be effective at reducing hospital admissions and increasing satisfaction with acute care. When scaled up to national level however, CRT implementation and outcomes have been variable. We aimed to develop and test a fidelity scale to assess adherence to a model of best practice for CRTs, based on best available evidence. METHODS: A concept mapping process was used to develop a CRT fidelity scale...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905677/coping-and-caring-support-resources-integral-to-perioperative-nurses-during-the-process-of-organ-procurement-surgery
#7
Zaneta Smith, Gavin Leslie, Dianne Wynaden
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This paper, discusses and explores the levels of support provided to perioperative nurses' when participating in multi-organ procurement surgery and the impact to their overall well-being. BACKGROUND: Assisting within multi-organ procurement surgical procedures has been recognised to impact on the well-being of perioperative nurses leaving little opportunity for them to recover from their participation or to seek available support resources. To date, this area has remained largely unexplored with limited evidence of how nurses manage and cope with these procedures, in addition to the support received in the workplace...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905060/perioperative-risk-adjustment-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-are-simple-clinically-driven-models-sufficient
#8
David N Bernstein, Aakash Keswani, David Ring
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in value-based health care in the United States. Statistical analysis of large databases can inform us of the factors associated with and the probability of adverse events and unplanned readmissions that diminish quality and add expense. For example, increased operating time and high blood urea nitrogen (BUN) are associated with adverse events, whereas patients on antihypertensive medications were more likely to have an unplanned readmission. Many surgeons rely on their knowledge and intuition when assessing the risk of a procedure...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904592/factors-affecting-the-quality-of-hospital-hotel-services-from-the-patients-and-their-companions-point-of-view-a-national-study-in-iran
#9
Seyed Majid Shirzadi, Pouran Raeissi, Amir Ashkan Nasiripour, Seyed Jamaleddin Tabibi
BACKGROUND: The hospitality design of a hospital is a complex process that depends on careful planning, systematic thinking, and consideration of various factors. This study aimed to determine the viewpoints of patients and their relatives on factors affecting hospital hotel services in Iran in 2015. The results of this study can be used to design a suitable model for the assessment and improvement of hospitality service quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 10 hospitals of Iran were included...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903838/european-military-mental-health-research-benefits-of-collaboration
#10
EDITORIAL
Hubertus Himmerich, G D Willmund, U Wesemann, N Jones, N T Fear
Despite joint participation in international military operations, few collaborative military mental health research projects have been undertaken by European countries. From a common perspective of military mental health researchers from Germany and the UK, the lack of shared research might be related not only to the use of different languages but also the different ways in which the two militaries provide mental health and medical support to operations and differences in military institutions. One area that is suitable for military health research collaboration within UK and German forces is mental health and well-being among military personnel...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902960/optimising-measurement-of-health-related-characteristics-of-the-built-environment-comparing-data-collected-by-foot-based-street-audits-virtual-street-audits-and-routine-secondary-data-sources
#11
Triantafyllos Pliakas, Sophie Hawkesworth, Richard J Silverwood, Kiran Nanchahal, Chris Grundy, Ben Armstrong, Juan Pablo Casas, Richard W Morris, Paul Wilkinson, Karen Lock
The role of the neighbourhood environment in influencing health behaviours continues to be an important topic in public health research and policy. Foot-based street audits, virtual street audits and secondary data sources are widespread data collection methods used to objectively measure the built environment in environment-health association studies. We compared these three methods using data collected in a nationally representative epidemiological study in 17 British towns to inform future development of research tools...
November 27, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902849/oral-antivirals-for-preventing-recurrent-herpes-simplex-keratitis-in-people-with-corneal-grafts
#12
REVIEW
Uday K Bhatt, M N Abdul Karim, Jeremy I Prydal, Senthil V Maharajan, Usama Fares
BACKGROUND: Ocular herpes is a viral infection of the eye caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), a double-stranded DNA virus. Corneal scarring caused by herpes simplex keratitis (HSK) is the leading infectious cause of penetrating corneal graft in high-income countries. Acyclovir is an antiviral drug known to have a protective effect against recurrences in herpetic eye disease. While there are some studies which have evaluated the effects of intervention with oral antiviral in preventing such recurrences in people with corneal grafts, a systematic review of all comparative clinical trials has not been previously undertaken...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902557/stiffness-after-pan-lumbar-arthrodesis-for-adult-spinal-deformity-does-not-significantly-impact-patient-functional-status-or-satisfaction-irrespective-of-proximal-endpoint
#13
Robert A Hart, Jayme Hiratzka, Marie S Kane, Virginie Lafage, Eric Klineberg, Christopher P Ames, Breton G Line, Frank Schwab, Justin K Scheer, Shay Bess, D Kojo Hamilton, Christopher I Shaffrey, Greg Mundis, Justin S Smith, Douglas C Burton, Daniel M Sciubba, Vedat Deviren, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multi-center OBJECTIVE.: To determine if stiffness significantly affects function or satisfaction after pan-lumbar arthrodesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The Lumbar Stiffness Disability Index (LSDI) is a validated measure of the effect of lumbar stiffness on functional activities. Data suggests that patients undergoing fusion of the entire lumbar spine are at greatest risk of functional limitations from stiffness. METHODS: The LSDI, Short Form 36 (SF-36), Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22), and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were administered pre-operatively and at 2-year minimum follow-up to 103 spinal deformity patients from 11 centers...
November 29, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898680/a-core-outcome-set-for-the-benefits-and-adverse-events-of-bariatric-and-metabolic-surgery-the-bariact-project
#14
Karen D Coulman, James Hopkins, Sara T Brookes, Katy Chalmers, Barry Main, Amanda Owen-Smith, Robert C Andrews, James Byrne, Jenny L Donovan, Graziella Mazza, Barnaby C Reeves, Chris A Rogers, Janice L Thompson, Richard Welbourn, Sarah Wordsworth, Jane M Blazeby
BACKGROUND: Bariatric and metabolic surgery is used as a treatment for patients with severe and complex obesity. However, there is a need to improve outcome selection and reporting in bariatric surgery trials. A Core Outcome Set (COS), an agreed minimum set of outcomes reported in all studies of a specific condition, may achieve this. Here, we present the development of a COS for BARIAtric and metabolic surgery Clinical Trials-the BARIACT Study. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Outcomes identified from systematic reviews and patient interviews informed a questionnaire survey...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898510/the-effect-of-implementation-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-care-elements-of-a-perioperative-surgical-home-model-on-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroplasty-or-knee-arthroplasty
#15
Thomas R Vetter, Joydip Barman, James M Hunter, Keith A Jones, Jean-Francois Pittet
BACKGROUND: The Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) seeks to remedy the currently highly fragmented and expensive perioperative care in the United States. The 2 specific aims of this health services research study were to assess the association between the preoperative and postoperative elements of an initial PSH model and a set of (1) clinical, quality, and patient safety outcomes and (2) operational and financial outcomes, in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
November 28, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894710/bowel-dysfunction-after-anastomotic-leakage-in-laparoscopic-sphincter-saving-operative-intervention-for-rectal-cancer-a-case-matched-study-in-46-patients-using-the-low-anterior-resection-score
#16
Elisabeth Hain, Gilles Manceau, Léon Maggiori, Cécile Mongin, Justine Prost À la Denise, Yves Panis
BACKGROUND: After sphincter-saving operation for rectal cancer, the impact of anastomotic leakage on function has been well studied. The purpose of the present work was to assess the influence of symptomatic and asymptomatic anastomotic leakage on bowel function and health-related quality of life using the Low Anterior Resection Syndrome score and the disease-specific questionnaire European Organization for Research and Treatment of Quality of Life Questionnaire for Colorectal Cancer...
November 25, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894320/successful-malaria-elimination-in-the-ecuador-peru-border-region-epidemiology-and-lessons-learned
#17
Lyndsay K Krisher, Jesse Krisher, Mariano Ambuludi, Ana Arichabala, Efrain Beltrán-Ayala, Patricia Navarrete, Tania Ordoñez, Mark E Polhemus, Fernando Quintana, Rosemary Rochford, Mercy Silva, Juan Bazo, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
BACKGROUND: In recent years, malaria (Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum) has been successfully controlled in the Ecuador-Peru coastal border region. The aim of this study was to document this control effort and to identify the best practices and lessons learned that are applicable to malaria control and to other vector-borne diseases. A proximal outcome evaluation was conducted of the robust elimination programme in El Oro Province, Ecuador, and the Tumbes Region, Peru. Data collection efforts included a series of workshops with local public health experts who played central roles in the elimination effort, review of epidemiological records from Ministries of Health, and a review of national policy documents...
November 28, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893262/reducing-barriers-to-mental-health-care-for-student-athletes-an-integrated-care-model
#18
Laura E Sudano, Greg Collins, Christopher M Miles
Research suggests that National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I student-athletes have higher levels of stress and other behavioral health issues, including substance use, than nonathletes. For several reasons, student-athletes may be less likely to admit to behavioral health issues and seek mental health care. Integrated care is a model of care that integrates behavioral health into a medical practice. This article explores the newly released NCAA Best Mental Health Practice guidelines and the application of integrated care to a Division I athletic training room setting using the three-worldview framework for successful integration, incorporating clinical outcomes, operational reliability, and financial stability...
November 28, 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893020/assessment-of-the-euroqol-5-dimension-questionnaire-for-detection-of-clinically-significant-global-health-related-quality-of-life-improvement-following-functional-septorhinoplasty
#19
Jennifer C Fuller, Patricia A Levesque, Robin W Lindsay
Importance: Nasal airway obstruction is a common presenting complaint among patients in otolaryngology practices, and its treatment necessitates critical outcomes evaluation and cost-utility analysis. Objective: To evaluate the utility and applicability of the EuroQol 5-Dimension (EQ5D) global health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) questionnaire for the assessment of clinical outcomes in functional septorhinoplasty. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective cohort study at a university-based tertiary medical center of patients undergoing functional septorhinoplasty for treatment of nasal obstruction...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892832/pushing-and-pulling-an-assessment-tool-for-ohs-practitioners
#20
Carl Mikael Lind
A tool has been developed for supporting practitioners when assessing manual pushing and pulling operations based on an initiative by two global companies in the manufacturing industry. The aim of the tool is to support occupational health and safety practitioners in risk assessment and risk management of pushing and pulling operations in the manufacturing and logistics industries. It is based on a nine-multiplier equation that includes a wide range of factors affecting an operator's health risk and capacity in pushing and pulling...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
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