keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health operations research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103066/practice-based-evidence-in-community-guide-systematic-reviews
#1
Namita Vaidya, Anilkrishna B Thota, Krista K Proia, Sara Jamieson, Shawna L Mercer, Randy W Elder, Paula Yoon, Rachel Kaufmann, Stephanie Zaza
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relative contributions and quality of practice-based evidence (PBE) and research-based evidence (RBE) in The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). METHODS: We developed operational definitions for PBE and RBE in which the main distinguishing feature was whether allocation of participants to intervention and comparison conditions was under the control of researchers (RBE) or not (PBE). We conceptualized a continuum between RBE and PBE...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100264/cross-sectional-examination-of-musculoskeletal-conditions-and-multimorbidity-influence-of-different-thresholds-and-definitions-on-prevalence-and-association-estimates
#2
Dianne B Lowe, Michael J Taylor, Sophie J Hill
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity and musculoskeletal conditions create substantial burden for people and health systems. Quantifying the extent of co-occurring conditions is hampered by conceptual heterogeneity, imprecision and/or indecision about how multimorbidity is defined. The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of different ways of operationalising multimorbidity on multimorbidity prevalence rates with a focus on working-age adults with musculoskeletal conditions. Weighted population prevalence rates of multimorbidity among working-age Australians were estimated using data from the National Health Survey...
January 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096035/the-role-of-health-economics-in-the-evaluation-of-surgery-and-operative-technologies
#3
Matthew Taylor
Dr Matthew Taylor is the director of York Health Economics Consortium and leads the Consortium's health technology assessment program. The work of York Health Economics Consortium involves empirical research in health economics for both the private and public sectors. Dr Taylor is the scientific lead for the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Economic and Methodological Unit and a former member of NICE's Public Health Advisory Committee. He is also managing director (Europe) of Minerva, an international network of health economics consultancies...
February 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087585/standard-based-comprehensive-detection-of-adverse-drug-reaction-signals-from-nursing-statements-and-laboratory-results-in-electronic-health-records
#4
Suehyun Lee, Jiyeob Choi, Hun-Sung Kim, Grace Juyun Kim, Kye Hwa Lee, Chan Hee Park, Jongsoo Han, Dukyong Yoon, Man Young Park, Rae Woong Park, Hye-Ryun Kang, Ju Han Kim
OBJECTIVE: We propose 2 Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities-enabled pharmacovigilance algorithms, MetaLAB and MetaNurse, powered by a per-year meta-analysis technique and improved subject sampling strategy. MATRIALS AND METHODS: This study developed 2 novel algorithms, MetaLAB for laboratory abnormalities and MetaNurse for standard nursing statements, as significantly improved versions of our previous electronic health record (EHR)-based pharmacovigilance method, called CLEAR...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087201/reduction-in-adolescent-depression-after-contact-with-mental-health-services-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-the-uk
#5
Sharon A S Neufeld, Valerie J Dunn, Peter B Jones, Tim J Croudace, Ian M Goodyer
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the association between service contact and subsequent mental health in adolescents is scarce, and previous findings are mixed. We aimed to longitudinally assess the extent to which depressive symptoms in adolescents change after contact with mental health services. METHODS: As part of a longitudinal cohort study, between April 28, 2005, and March 17, 2010, we recruited 1238 14-year-old adolescents and their primary caregivers from 18 secondary schools in Cambridgeshire, UK...
January 10, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086914/delivering-hiv-services-in-partnership-factors-affecting-collaborative-working-in-a-south-african-hiv-programme
#6
Geoffrey A Jobson, Cornelis J Grobbelaar, Moyahabo Mabitsi, Jean Railton, Remco P H Peters, James A McIntyre, Helen E Struthers
BACKGROUND: The involvement of Global Health Initiatives (GHIs) in delivering health services in low and middle income countries (LMICs) depends on effective collaborative working at scales from the local to the international, and a single GHI is effectively constructed of multiple collaborations. Research is needed focusing on how collaboration functions in GHIs at the level of health service management. Here, collaboration between local implementing agencies and departments of health involves distinct power dynamics and tensions...
January 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079633/criterion-referenced-values-of-grip-strength-and-usual-gait-speed-using-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-disability-as-the-criterion
#7
Meng-Chih Lee, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Yi-Fen Tsai, Ching-Yu Chen, Cheng-Chieh Lin, Ching-Yi Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Current evidence suggests that grip strength and usual gait speed (UGS) are important predictors of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) disability. Knowing the optimum cut points of these tests for discriminating people with and without IADL disability could help clinicians or researchers to better interpret the test results and make medical decisions. The purpose of this study was to determine the cutoff values of grip strength and UGS for best discriminating community-dwelling older adults with and without IADL disability, separately for men and women, and to investigate their association with IADL disability...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078667/philanthropy-in-health-professions-education-research-determinants-of-success
#8
Robert Paul, Elisa Hollenberg, Brian D Hodges
CONTEXT: Fund-raising is a new practice in medical education research. OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explores a cross-sectional analysis of philanthropy in medical education in Canada and Europe and identifies some common characteristics in the fund-raising system, key roles and characteristics of research sites that have had success. METHODS: Medical education research sites that had received donations greater than Can$100 000 were identified by searching publicly available sources...
January 11, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072751/duodenal-plexiform-fibromyxoma-as-a-cause-of-obscure-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-case-report
#9
Demetrios Moris, Evangelia Spanou, Stavros Sougioultzis, Nikolaos Dimitrokallis, Polyxeni Kalisperati, Ioanna Delladetsima, Evangelos Felekouras
RATIONALE: We are reporting the first-to our knowledge-case of duodenal Plexiform Fibromyxoma causing obscure upper gastrointestinal bleeding. PATIENT CONCERNS: Plexiform fibromyxoma triggered recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding episodes in a 63-year-old man who remained undiagnosed, despite multiple hospitalizations, extensive diagnostic workups and surgical interventions (including gastrectomies), for almost 17 years. DIAGNOSES-INTERVENTIONS: During hospitalization for the last bleeding episode, an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an intestinal hemorrhagic nodule...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071894/noninvasive-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-with-raman-spectroscopy
#10
Rishikesh Pandey, Santosh Kumar Paidi, Tulio A Valdez, Chi Zhang, Nicolas Spegazzini, Ramachandra Rao Dasari, Ishan Barman
The successful development of a noninvasive blood glucose sensor that can operate reliably over sustained periods of time has been a much sought after but elusive goal in diabetes management. Since diabetes has no well-established cure, control of elevated glucose levels is critical for avoiding severe secondary health complications in multiple organs including the retina, kidney and vasculature. While fingerstick testing continues to be the mainstay of blood glucose detection, advances in electrochemical sensing-based minimally invasive approaches have opened the door for alternate methods that would considerably improve the quality of life for people with diabetes...
January 10, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071266/biogen-s-portfolio-and-research-efforts-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-interview-with-dr-ralph-kern
#11
Ralph Kern
Ralph Kern speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Ralph Kern is Senior Vice President and Head of Worldwide Medical at Biogen in Cambridge, MA, USA. In this role, he oversees Biogen's global therapeutic, regional and country medical teams, global medical operations, as well as medical research and scientific communications functions. Prior to joining Biogen, he was head of the Neuroscience Medical Unit at Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation and held various medical and commercial leadership roles at Genzyme Corporation...
January 10, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065953/self-evaluation-of-ethical-review-committees-functioning-at-foundation-university-medical-college-fumc-through-structured-constitution-practice-outcome-cpo-assessment-model
#12
Sadia Ahsin, Gul E Naghma Saeed
OBJECTIVE: To assess the operational efficiency of the ethical review committee of a medical college. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Foundation University Medical College, Islamabad, Pakistan, from 2012 to 2014. On the basis of literature review, methods for assessment of various features of ethical review committee were studied. A constitution-practice-outcome measurement model for evaluation of ethical review committee assessment process was developed...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063090/don-t-give-up-a-cyber-ethnography-and-discourse-analysis-of-an-online-infertility-patient-forum
#13
Mihan Lee
Infertility affects women across the socioeconomic spectrum; however, it is by no means egalitarian in its distribution, nor uniform in its lived experience. Evidence shows striking disparities by income, race, and education in infertility prevalence, access to infertility services, and success rates after receiving infertility treatments. However, few studies so far have investigated disparities in patients' access to psychological support during the infertility journey. This paper undertakes a cyber-ethnography of the online patient forum, "Finding a Resolution for Infertility," hosted by RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association...
January 6, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062603/combining-qualitative-and-quantitative-operational-research-methods-to-inform-quality-improvement-in-pathways-that-span-multiple-settings
#14
Sonya Crowe, Katherine Brown, Jenifer Tregay, Jo Wray, Rachel Knowles, Deborah A Ridout, Catherine Bull, Martin Utley
BACKGROUND: Improving integration and continuity of care across sectors within resource constraints is a priority in many health systems. Qualitative operational research methods of problem structuring have been used to address quality improvement in services involving multiple sectors but not in combination with quantitative operational research methods that enable targeting of interventions according to patient risk. We aimed to combine these methods to augment and inform an improvement initiative concerning infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) whose complex care pathway spans multiple sectors...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060429/reconfiguring-social-value-in-health-research-through-the-lens-of-liminality
#15
Agomoni Ganguli-Mitra, Edward S Dove, Graeme T Laurie, Samuel Taylor-Alexander
Despite the growing importance of 'social value' as a central feature of research ethics, the term remains both conceptually vague and to a certain extent operationally rigid. And yet, perhaps because the rhetorical appeal of social value appears immediate and self-evident, the concept has not been put to rigorous investigation in terms of its definition, strength, function, and scope. In this article, we discuss how the anthropological concept of liminality can illuminate social value and differentiate and reconfigure its variegated approaches...
February 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059573/spirituality-illness-unpredictability-and-math-anxiety-effects-on-negative-affect-and-affect-management-coping-for-individuals-diagnosed-with-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#16
Amber K Worthington, Roxanne L Parrott, Rachel A Smith
A growing number of genetic tests are included in diagnostic protocols associated with many common conditions. A positive diagnosis associated with the presence of some gene versions in many instances predicts a range of possible outcomes, and the uncertainty linked to such results contributes to the need to understand varied responses and plan strategic communication. Uncertainty in illness theory (UIT; Mishel, 1988, 1990) guided the investigation of efforts to feel in control and hopeful regarding genetic testing and diagnosis for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD)...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057218/usefulness-of-the-chads2-score-for-prognostic-stratification-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-having-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#17
Dai-Yin Lu, Chin-Chou Huang, Po-Hsun Huang, Jaw-Wen Chen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shing-Jong Lin, Wan-Leong Chan, Chiu-Yang Lee, Hsin-Bang Leu
Current risk model for long-term survival prediction in isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery is complicated, whereas a simple useful model is still lacking. We aim to investigate if CHADS2 score could predict long-term outcome for patients after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. From 2000 to 2007, we identified a study cohort consisting of patients who underwent coronary bypass surgery in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. After operation, all cases were followed to track the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events and overall mortality...
December 18, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056005/zika-virus-10-public-health-achievements-in-2016-and-future-priorities
#18
Nadia L Oussayef, Satish K Pillai, Margaret A Honein, C Ben Beard, Beth Bell, Coleen A Boyle, Lars M Eisen, Katrin Kohl, Matthew J Kuehnert, Eva Lathrop, Stacey W Martin, Rebecca Martin, Janet C McAllister, Elizabeth Pantino McClune, Paul Mead, Dana Meaney-Delman, Brett Petersen, Lyle R Petersen, Kara N D Polen, Ann M Powers, Stephen C Redd, James J Sejvar, Tyler Sharp, Julie Villanueva, Denise J Jamieson
The introduction of Zika virus into the Region of the Americas (Americas) and the subsequent increase in cases of congenital microcephaly resulted in activation of CDC's Emergency Operations Center on January 22, 2016, to ensure a coordinated response and timely dissemination of information, and led the World Health Organization to declare a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016. During the past year, public health agencies and researchers worldwide have collaborated to protect pregnant women, inform clinicians and the public, and advance knowledge about Zika virus (Figure 1)...
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053256/high-prevalence-of-noise-following-delta-ceramic-on-ceramic-total-hip-arthroplasty
#19
P P Salo, P B Honkanen, I Ivanova, A Reito, J Pajamäki, A Eskelinen
AIMS: We evaluated the short-term functional outcome and prevalence of bearing-specific generation of audible noise in 301 patients (336 hips) operated on with fourth generation (Delta) medium diameter head, ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) total hip arthroplasties (THAs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: There were 191 female (63%) and 110 male patients (37%) with a mean age of 61 years (29 to 78) and mean follow-up of 2.1 years (1.3 to 3.4). Patients completed three questionnaires: Oxford Hip Score (OHS), Research and Development 36-item health survey (RAND-36) and a noise-specific symptom questionnaire...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052141/impact-of-environmental-conditions-on-bacterial-photoreactivation-in-wastewater-effluents
#20
Shirin Shafaei, Nikolaus Klamerth, Yanyan Zhang, Kerry McPhedran, James R Bolton, Mohamed Gamal El-Din
Photoreactivation is a process where ultraviolet (UV)-induced damage to the DNA of microorganisms can be reversed by exposure to near UV and visible light. To date, most photoreactivation experiments have been carried out under laboratory conditions using standard microorganisms that do not reflect the natural conditions of municipal wastewater effluents. Photoreactivation could increase the concentration of pathogens released into natural systems, leading to negative impacts on fish, shellfish, and clams. In addition, pathogen release can increase health risks of downstream activities, such as swimming...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
keyword
keyword
110282
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"