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Bis bas bipolar

Richard T Liu, Taylor A Burke, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Behavioral Approach System (BAS) sensitivity has been implicated in the development of a variety of different psychiatric disorders. Prominent among these in the empirical literature are bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs). Given that adolescence represents a critical developmental stage of risk for the onset of BSDs, it is important to clarify the latent structure of BAS sensitivity in this period of development. A statistical approach especially well-suited for delineating the latent structure of BAS sensitivity is taxometric analysis, which is designed to evaluate whether the latent structure of a construct is taxonic (i...
August 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Bianca Kollmann, Vanessa Scholz, Julia Linke, Peter Kirsch, Michèle Wessa
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic phases in bipolar disorder (BD) are hypothesized to result from a hypersensitive behavioral activation system (BAS) being sensitive to potential rewards. However, studies on the neuronal underpinnings of reward anticipation in BD are scarce with contradictory findings and possibly confounded by effects of dopaminergic medication, necessitating further research on dysfunctional motivation in BD. Moreover, its role as vulnerability marker for BD is unclear. METHODS: Functional imaging was conducted in 16 euthymic BD-I patients free from dopaminergic medication and 19 healthy first-degree relatives using a monetary incentive delay task and compared to parallelized control groups...
September 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
R C Dempsey, P A Gooding, S H Jones
BACKGROUND: The weak regulation, or "dysregulation", of the Behavioural Activation System (BAS) is implicated in the development and recurrence of bipolar disorder. However, there has been a lack of prospective studies investigating the predictive role of BAS dysregulation in relation to bipolar-vulnerability. Furthermore, no studies have tested the prospective predictive utility of the DYS self-report measure of BAS dysregulation in an analogue sample. The goal of the current study was to redress this gap...
July 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Isabelle E Bauer, Thomas D Meyer, Marsal Sanches, Danielle Spiker, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
INTRODUCTION: Impulsivity is a multidimensional feature observed in bipolar disorder (BD) and substance use disorder (SUD). We previously found a relationship between SUD and risk taking in BD. It is still unclear whether self-rated and behavioral impulsivity measures differ between BD with and without comorbid SUD, or are specific to BD. METHODS: 93 adults with BD with comorbid SUD, 91 BD without SUD, and 93 healthy controls (HC) were administered the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS), the Behavioral Inhibition/Behavioral Activation System Scale (BIS/BAS), and the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery...
July 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
Matthew T Keough, Jeffrey D Wardell, Christian S Hendershot, R Michael Bagby, Lena C Quilty
Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) predicts that the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) may relate to coping-motivated problem gambling, given its central role in anxiety. Studies examining the BIS-problem gambling association, however, are mixed. The revised RST posits that the Behavioral Approach System (BAS) may moderate the effect of the BIS on coping-motivated problem gambling. A concurrently strong BAS may highlight the negatively reinforcing effects of gambling, which may strengthen coping motives and increase gambling-related harms...
September 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
Anna R Van Meter, Eric A Youngstrom
OBJECTIVE: Learning more about how biological traits, like temperament and sensitivity in the behavioral inhibition (BIS) and behavioral activation (BAS) systems, relate to mood pathology is consistent with the Research Domain Criteria initiative׳s goal of investigating mechanisms of risk. METHOD: Korean young adults (n=128) and American young adults (n=630, of whom 23 has recent treatment for bipolar disorder, and 21for depression) completed self-report questionnaires, including the TEMPS-A, the BIS/BAS scales, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Hypomanic Checklist (HCL-32)...
July 15, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
Lena C Quilty, Laura Mackew, R Michael Bagby
Psychiatric outpatients with mood disorders (n=275) and community controls (n=733) completed a measure of Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) and Behavioral Activation System (BAS) sensitivity; psychiatric outpatients also completed measures of mood symptom severity. All patients scored higher on BIS compared to controls; patients with bipolar disorders scored higher on BAS scales compared to patients with depressive disorders. BIS and BAS demonstrated unique patterns of association with mood symptoms. Results support the clinical utility of the BIS/BAS...
September 30, 2014: Psychiatry Research
June Gruber, Kirsten E Gilbert, Eric Youngstrom, Jennifer Kogos Youngstrom, Norah C Feeny, Robert L Findling
Research on bipolar spectrum disorders (BPSD) in adolescence has burgeoned in the last decade, but continued work is needed to identify endophenotypic markers associated with illness onset and course. The present study examined reward dysregulation--measured via the behavioral activation system (BAS)--as one putative marker of BPSD in adolescence. A diverse group of 425 outpatient adolescents between 11 and 17 years of age (52 % male) completed the Behavioral Inhibition and Activation Scale (BIS-BAS) scale to measure reward dysregulation...
October 2013: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Björn Meyer, Sheri L Johnson, Ray Winters
Over the past 10 years, theorists have suggested that bipolar disorder symptoms result from increases and decreases in the activity of the Behavioral Activation or Facilitation System (BAS or BFS) and the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS). These neurobehavioral systems are thought to determine the intensity of affective and behavioral responses to incentives and threats. This study examined cross-sectional and prospective associations of self-reported BIS and BAS with mania and depression in a sample of 59 individuals diagnosed with Bipolar I disorder...
September 1, 2001: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Björn Meyer, Sheri L Johnson, Charles S Carver
We explored cross-sectionally the roles in bipolar spectrum symptomatology of two broad motivational systems that are thought to control levels of responsiveness to cues of threat and reward, the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) and the Behavioral Activation System (BAS). Undergraduate students (n = 357) completed questionnaires regarding (a) bipolar spectrum disorders [the General Behavior Inventory (GBI), a well-established clinical screening measure], (b) current depression and mania symptoms (the Internal State Scale; ISS), and (c) BIS/BAS sensitivities (the BIS/BAS scales)...
December 1, 1999: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Lauren B Alloy, Snežana Urošević, Lyn Y Abramson, Shari Jager-Hyman, Robin Nusslock, Wayne G Whitehouse, Michael Hogan
Little longitudinal research has examined progression to more severe bipolar disorders in individuals with "soft" bipolar spectrum conditions. We examine rates and predictors of progression to bipolar I and II diagnoses in a nonpatient sample of college-age participants (n = 201) with high General Behavior Inventory scores and childhood or adolescent onset of "soft" bipolar spectrum disorders followed longitudinally for 4.5 years from the Longitudinal Investigation of Bipolar Spectrum (LIBS) project. Of 57 individuals with initial cyclothymia or bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (BiNOS) diagnoses, 42...
February 2012: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Marco Di Nicola, Daniela Tedeschi, Marianna Mazza, Giovanni Martinotti, Desiree Harnic, Valeria Catalano, Angelo Bruschi, Gino Pozzi, Pietro Bria, Luigi Janiri
BACKGROUND: Behavioural addictions (BAs) can be understood as disorders characterized by repetitive occurrence of impulsive and uncontrolled behaviours. Very few studies have investigated their association with mood disorders. The present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of the main behavioural addictions in a sample of bipolar outpatients in euthymic phase or stabilised by medications and to investigate the role of impulsivity and temperamental and character dimensions...
September 2010: Journal of Affective Disorders
Warren Mansell, Zoe Rigby, Sara Tai, Christine Lowe
A self-report scale called the Hypomanic Attitudes and Positive Predictions Inventory (HAPPI) has been developed to assess cognitions that distinguish between bipolar disorder and nonclinical controls (Mansell, 2006; Mansell & Jones, 2006). We recruited 191 undergraduate students to assess the associations between the HAPPI and self-reported past (MDQ; Hirschfeld et al., 2000) and present (ISS; Bauer et al., 1991) bipolar symptoms, and to explore the factor structure of the scale. The HAPPI correlated with past and present symptoms independently of the BIS/BAS subscales (Carver & White, 1994) and the HPS (Eckblad & Chapman, 1986)...
April 2008: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Brad Bowins
OBJECTIVE: Evolutionary perspectives on bipolar disorders can further our understanding of the origins of these conditions, and assist clinicians in distinguishing normal from abnormal states. Hypomania is unique amongst bipolar conditions in that it seems to have beneficial aspects and can be difficult to diagnose, in contrast to full-blown mania and depression. A theoretical perspective regarding the evolution of hypomania as a defense mechanism is presented. METHOD: Literature review focused on the fitness reducing aspects of depression and the fitness enhancing aspects of hypomania/mania...
August 2008: Journal of Affective Disorders
Lauren B Alloy, Lyn Y Abramson, Patricia D Walshaw, Alex Cogswell, Louisa D Grandin, Megan E Hughes, Brian M Iacoviello, Wayne G Whitehouse, Snezana Urosevic, Robin Nusslock, Michael E Hogan
OBJECTIVES: Research has found that bipolar spectrum disorders are associated with Behavioral Approach System (BAS) hypersensitivity and both unipolar and bipolar depression are associated with high Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) sensitivity, but prospective studies of these relationships are lacking. We tested whether BAS and BIS sensitivities prospectively predicted the time to new onsets of major depressive and hypomanic and manic episodes in bipolar spectrum individuals. METHODS: We followed 136 bipolar II or cyclothymic and 157 demographically matched normal control individuals prospectively for an average of 33 months...
March 2008: Bipolar Disorders
Adrine Biuckians, David J Miklowitz, Eunice Y Kim
BACKGROUND: Hypomania/mania and depression are hypothesized to correspond to high and low expressions of behavioral activation system (BAS) activity, respectively, in bipolar individuals. In contrast, behavioral inhibition system (BIS) activity is hypothesized to regulate anxiety. The aim of the present study was to examine whether self-reported levels of BAS functioning in bipolar adolescents corresponded with levels of concurrent manic and depressive symptomatology. The secondary aim was to investigate whether self-reported BIS levels were associated with self-reported anxiety symptoms...
January 2007: Journal of Affective Disorders
Thomas D Meyer, Beate U Hofmann
We discuss the Hypomanic Personality Scale (Hyp; Eckblad & Chapman, 1986) and the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS-BAS; Carver & White, 1994) and Behavioral Activation System (BAS; Gray, 1991) Scales as risk factors for bipolar disorders. The dysregulation of the BAS is considered to be central and results in higher variability in mood. Therefore, we examined how those scales are associated with mood fluctuations. A total of 59 participants completed a diary for at least 17 days. It included a modified Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (Meyer & Hautzinger, 2001) assessing depression and mania and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988)...
December 2005: Journal of Personality Assessment
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