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Smart pumps

Claire Heron
Intravenous (IV) drug administration, especially with 'smart pumps', is complex and susceptible to errors. Although errors can occur at any stage of the IV medication process, most errors occur during reconstitution and administration. Dose-error reduction software (DERS) loaded on to infusion pumps incorporates a drug library with predefined upper and lower drug dose limits and infusion rates, which can reduce IV infusion errors. Although this is an important advance for patient safety at the point of care, uptake is still relatively low...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Kai Huang, Igal Szleifer
Nature uses the interplay between hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions of disordered proteins to orchestrate complicated molecular gates such as the nuclear pore complex to control the transport of biological masses. Inspired by nature, we here theoretically show that well-defined gate shape, sensitive response to pH and salt concentration, and selectivity in cargo transport can be simultaneously achieved by grafting amphiphilic diblock copolymers made of sequence-controlled hydrophobic and ionizable monomers on the inner surface of solid-state nanopore...
April 28, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Rebecca Ibarra-Pérez, Fabiola Puértolas-Balint, Elizabeth Lozano-Cruz, Sergio E Zamora-Gómez, Lucila I Castro-Pastrana
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of intravenous (IV) smart pumps with drug libraries and dose error reduction system (DERS) to intercept programming errors entailing high risk for patients in an adult intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A 2-year retrospective study was conducted in the adult ICU of the Hospital Juárez de México in Mexico City to evaluate the impact of IV smart pump/DERS (Hospira MedNet) technology implementation...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
Huaping Wu, Kai Zhu, Binbin Cao, Zheng Zhang, Bingbing Wu, Lihua Liang, Guozhong Chai, Aiping Liu
Highly adherent wettability patterns on the substrate-independent superhydrophobic surfaces of trimethoxyoctadecylsilane modified titanium dioxide (TiO2)-based coatings were prepared by using commercial photolithography. Three custom unidirectional channels with gradient wettability patterns were obtained by spatially selective wettability conversion from superhydrophobic to superhydrophilic when the coatings were exposed to ultraviolet light (∼365 nm). The movement behavior of droplets on these unidirectional channels was studied and the displacement of droplet movement was effectively controlled...
April 19, 2017: Soft Matter
Wesley D Kufel, Christopher D Miller, Paul R Johnson, Kaleigh Reid, James J Zahra, Robert W Seabury
Background: Published literature has demonstrated commercially available premix vancomycin (5 mg/mL) and piperacillin-tazobactam (67.5 mg/mL) as physically compatible via simulated Y-site methodology. Compatibility via actual Y-site infusion has yet to be established. Objective: To assess and compare the compatibility of commercially available premix concentrations of vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam via simulated and actual Y-site evaluation. Methods: Vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam were tested using simulated and actual Y-site infusion methodologies...
February 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
Karen K Giuliano, Halley Ruppel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nursing
Uoo R Kim, Robert A Peterfreund, Mark A Lovich
This review aims to broadly describe drug infusion technologies and raise subtle but important issues arising from infusion therapy that can potentially lead to patient instability and morbidity. Advantages and disadvantages of gravity-dependent drug infusion are described and compared with electromechanical approaches for precise control of medication infusion, including large-volume peristaltic and syringe pumps. This review discusses how drugs and inert carriers interact within infusion systems and outlines several complexities and potential sources of drug error...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Anette-G Ziegler, Ezio Bonifacio, Alvin C Powers, John A Todd, Leonard C Harrison, Mark A Atkinson
Type 1 diabetes, a disease defined by absolute insulin deficiency, is considered a chronic autoimmune disorder resulting from the destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic β-cells. The incidence of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes has been increasing at a rate of 3%-5% per year globally. Despite the introduction of an impressive array of therapies aimed at improving disease management, no means for a practical "cure" exist. This said, hope remains high that any of a number of emerging technologies (e.g., continuous glucose monitoring, insulin pumps, smart algorithms), alongside advances in stem cell biology, cell encapsulation methodologies, and immunotherapy, will eventually impact the lives of those with recently diagnosed or established type 1 diabetes...
November 2016: Diabetes
Karen J Arthur, Ann Christine Catlin, Amanda Quebe, Alana Washington
Smart infusion pump technology is a mainstay in health care, and the integration and use of those pumps is crucial for patient safety. An institution purchasing smart infusion pumps has the ability to trial the various vendors before purchase, however literature that documents a conversion from one pump to another is lacking. This article describes the conversion from one smart infusion pump platform to another at a government institution and a large multisite facility. The differences in 2 smart infusion pumps are described as well as lessons learned following the conversion in both organizations...
October 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
Jodi L Connell, Eric T Ritschdorff, Jason B Shear
Advances in microscopic three-dimensional (µ3D) printing provide a means to microfabricate an almost limitless range of arbitrary geometries, offering new opportunities to rapidly prototype complex architectures for microfluidic and cellular applications. Such 3D lithographic capabilities present the tantalizing prospect for engineering micromechanical components - for example, pumps and valves - for cellular environments comprised of smart materials whose size, shape, permeability, stiffness, and other attributes might be modified in real time to precisely manipulate ultra-low-volume samples...
October 26, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Andrew A M Ibey, Derek Andrews, Barb Ferreira
The authors present a case in which a physical anomaly with an infusion pump resulted in an unforeseen fault that the nurse's attempts to resolve unknowingly exacerbated. This case study presents the first report in the literature to detail the difficulty in recreating a patient safety event using smart pump logs, support server continuous quality improvement (CQI) data, and the drug order entry system to elucidate the clinical scenario. A 75-year-old male patient presented to a major teaching hospital and was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with a massive gastrointestinal bleed and myocardial infarction, then stabilized...
December 2016: Drug Safety—Case Reports
Simon A Bello, Sharad Malavade, Christopher L Passaglia
Animal models of ocular hypertension are important for glaucoma research but come with experimental costs. Available methods of intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation are not always successful, the amplitude and time course of IOP changes are unpredictable and irreversible, and IOP measurement by tonometry is laborious. Here we present a novel system for monitoring and controlling IOP without these limitations. It consists of a cannula implanted in the anterior chamber of the eye, a pressure sensor that continually measures IOP, and a bidirectional pump driven by control circuitry that can infuse or withdraw fluid to hold IOP at user-desired levels...
April 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Fazil E Uslu, Kerem Pekkan
Hydrodynamic performance of the marine mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, is studied with time-resolved particle image velocimetry. We evaluated inhalant flow, exhalant jet flow, suction performance and flow control capabilities of the mussels quantitatively. Inhalant flow structures of mussels are measured at the coronal plane for the first time in literature. Nutrient fluid is convected into the mussel by three-dimensional sink flow. Inhalant velocity reaches its highest magnitude inside the mussel mantle while it is accelerating outward from the mussels...
October 15, 2016: Biology Open
C E Morris, B Joos
Sick excitable cells (ie, Nav channel-expressing cells injured by trauma, ischemia, inflammatory, and other conditions) typically exhibit "acquired sodium channelopathies" which, we argue, reflect bleb-damaged membranes rendering their Nav channels "leaky." The situation is excitotoxic because untreated Nav leak exacerbates bleb damage. Fast Nav inactivation (a voltage-independent process) is so tightly coupled, kinetically speaking, to the inherently voltage-dependent process of fast activation that when bleb damage accelerates and thus left-shifts macroscopic fast activation, fast inactivation accelerates to the same extent...
2016: Current Topics in Membranes
Gudrun Dieberg, Neil A Smart, Nicola King
BACKGROUND: To reduce complications during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) off-pump CABG was introduced; however, results have been mixed. The aim of this work was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of off-pump vs. on-pump CABG. METHODS: To identify potential studies systematic searches were carried out using various databases. The search strategy included the key concepts of "cardiopulmonary bypass" AND "coronary artery bypass grafting" AND "off pump"...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Moninne Howlett, Michael Curtin, Dermot Doherty, Paula Gleeson, Michelle Sheerin, Cormac Breatnach
AIM: Wide scale implementation of paediatric standardised concentration infusions (SCIs) and the use of smart pump technology has been slow despite international safety agency recommendations. Implementation rates in European hospitals fall far below those in the United States, where for the last decade accreditation has been linked to implementation.1 2 Multidisciplinary collaboration is essential, with pharmacy input and the creation of a smart pump drug library recognised as often being limiting, yet crucial factors, to implementation...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Byeongyeon Kim, Young Ki Hahn, Dongwon You, Sein Oh, Sungyoung Choi
A smart multi-pipette for hand-held operation of microfluidic devices is presented and applied to cytotoxicity assays and micro-droplet generation. This method enables a continuous-flow and accurate pumping simply by pushing the plunger of the smart multi-pipette, thereby obviating the need for auxiliary equipment and special expertise in microfluidics. We applied the smart multi-pipette to a cytotoxicity assay using a gradient-generating device and water droplet generation using a T-junction device. In combination with general microfluidic devices, the smart multi-pipette enables the devices to successfully perform their own functions...
October 21, 2016: Analyst
Sara Arenas-López, Isabel M Stanley, Paul Tunstell, Virginia Aguado-Lorenzo, Jo Philip, Joanne Perkins, Andrew Durward, Miguel Angel Calleja-Hernández, Shane M Tibby
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety, following introduction of standard concentrations of morphine infusions in paediatric critical care. METHODS: Implementation: A multidisciplinary team was convened, and several workstreams designated, including derivation of concentrations, manufacturing, supply, prescribing, administration using smart pump technology, training and evaluation. Safety Evaluation: Retrieval of all existing data on medication errors linked to morphine use using our hospital incident reporting system and risk assessment of errors in relation to standard concentration implementation...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Dongliang Tian, Na Zhang, Xi Zheng, Guanglei Hou, Ye Tian, Yi Du, Lei Jiang, Shi Xue Dou
Controllable liquid transport on surface is expected to occur by manipulating the gradient of surface tension/Laplace pressure and external stimuli, which has been intensively studied on solid or liquid interface. However, it still faces challenges of slow response rate, and uncontrollable transport speed and direction. Here, we demonstrate fast responsive and controllable liquid transport on a smart magnetic fluid/nanoarray interface, i.e., a composite interface, via modulation of an external magnetic field...
June 28, 2016: ACS Nano
Hanna M Seidling, David W Bates
Health IT is becoming an increasingly powerful tool for improving medication safety. While errors may happen at all stages of the medication process, different tools have been developed to support the prescribing process (e.g. computerized prescribing with decision support), the dispensing process (e.g. barcoding or automated dispensing and unit-dose systems), or the administration process (e.g. electronic medication administration records and smart pumps). Health IT can reduce medication error and preventable adverse drug event rates by increasing documentation quality and transparency, enhancing accuracy and correctness of the medication process, and supporting information exchange and interlinking different stages of the medication process...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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