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Interstitial Ling Disease

Ling Luo, Huanling Wang, Hongwei Fan, Jing Xie, Zhifeng Qiu, Taisheng Li
Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus (CAEBV) infection is a rare disease with high mortality. Most of CAEBV patients have been reported from Japan and are pediatric cases.The goal was to describe the clinical characteristics and the immunophenotypic features of peripheral lymphocytes in adult onset CAEBV patients.We retrospectively reviewed and analyzed all adult onset CAEBV cases admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) between 2012 and 2016. Demographic, clinical, laboratory data, and the immunophentyping data of peripheral lymphocytes were collected...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Joseph Jacob, Jin Woo Song, Hee-Young Yoon, Gary Cross, Joseph Barnett, Wen Ling Woo, Fern Adams, Maria Kokosi, Anand Devaraj, Elisabetta Renzoni, Toby M Maher, Dong Soon Kim, Athol U Wells
AIMS: Autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis-related interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) have been linked to the existence of emphysema in never-smokers. We aimed to quantify emphysema prevalence in RA-ILD never-smokers and investigate whether combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) results in a worsened prognosis independent of baseline disease extent. METHODS: RA-ILD patients presenting to the Royal Brompton Hospital (n=90) and Asan Medical Center (n=155) had CT's evaluated for a definite usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) pattern, and visual extents of emphysema and ILD...
January 31, 2018: EBioMedicine
Hao Yi, Chunling Huang, Ying Shi, Qinghua Cao, Yongli Zhao, Ling Zhang, Jason Chen, Carol A Pollock, Xin-Ming Chen
Progressive tubulointerstitial fibrosis has been recognized as a common pathological process that leads to the progression of all chronic kidney disease (CKD). Innovative strategies are needed to both prevent and treat CKD. Inflammatory and fibrotic signaling pathways play central roles in the progression of CKD regardless of aetiology. Hence, targeting inflammatory and fibrotic responses holds promise to limit renal fibrosis. Metformin has been the most prescribed glucose-lowering medicine worldwide, and its potential for many other therapeutic applications is also being explored intensively...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Rong-Rong Zhao, Matthew Ackers-Johnson, Justus Stenzig, Chen Chen, Tao Ding, Yue Zhou, Peipei Wang, Shi Ling Ng, Peter Y Li, Gavin Teo, Pauline M Rudd, James W Fawcett, Roger S Y Foo
Background -Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity, and the search for novel therapeutic approaches continues. In the monogenic disease mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) VI, loss of function mutations in arylsulfatase B (ASB) leads to myocardial accumulation of chondroitin sulfate (CS) glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), manifesting as a myriad of cardiac symptoms. Here, we studied changes in myocardial CS in non-MPS failing hearts, and assessed its generic role in pathological cardiac remodeling...
January 25, 2018: Circulation
Meng Gao, Liang-Xiao Liu, Fu-Ling Wu, Xuejing Zhang, Ying-Ying Li, Tao Shi, De-Zhi Li, Ting-Ting Han
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of bronchiolitis and hospitalization that lead to high morbidity and mortality among young infants. T helper 17 (Th17) cells and regulatory T cells (Tregs) play essential roles in the pathogenesis of autoimmune, cancer, and inflammatory diseases. However, whether changes in T-cell subsets are related to the systemic immune responses in RSV-caused bronchiolitis merit further investigation. Three-week-old Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into the normal control (NC) and RSV bronchiolitis (RSV-B) groups...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Ling Jiang, Yuanhan Qin, Fengying Lei, Xiuping Chen, Zhiqiang Zhou
Renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) is a common outcome in various chronic kidney diseases. Injury to renal tubular epithelial cell (RTEC) is major link in RIF. Hypoxia is one of the common factors for RTEC damage. Retinoic acid receptors (RARs), RARα, RARβ and RARγ, are evolutionary conserved and pleiotropic proteins that have been involved in various cellular functions, including proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and transcription. Recently, we discovered that aberrant expression of RARs was involved in the development of RIF in rats...
December 2017: Free Radical Research
Yuan Liu, Lu Gao, Sen Guo, Yuzhou Liu, Xiaoyan Zhao, Ran Li, Xiaofei Yan, Yunpeng Li, Shuai Wang, Xiaoyu Niu, Liantao Yao, Yanzhou Zhang, Ling Li, Haibo Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) is a mechanism that promotes cardiac fibrosis induced by Angiotensin II (AngII). Kaempferol (KAE) is a monomer component mainly derived from the rhizome of Kaempferia galanga L. It shows anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-microbial and anti-cancer properties, which can be used in the treatment of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, infection, etc. But, its effects on the development of cardiac remodelling remain completely unknown...
October 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Burzin Chavda, Jun Ling, Thomas Majernick, Sonia Lobo Planey
BACKGROUND: Antiproliferative factor (APF) is a sialoglycopeptide elevated in the urine of patients with interstitial cystitis-a chronic, painful bladder disease. APF inhibits the proliferation of normal bladder epithelial cells and cancer cells in vitro, presumably by binding to its cellular receptor, cytoskeleton associated-protein 4 (CKAP4); however, the biophysical interaction of APF with CKAP4 has not been characterized previously. In this study, we used surface plasmon resonance (SPR) to explore the binding kinetics of the interaction of APF and as-APF (a desialylated APF analogue with full activity) to CKAP4...
September 11, 2017: BMC Biochemistry
Jianyong Yin, Feng Wang, Yiwei Kong, Rui Wu, Guangyuan Zhang, Niansong Wang, Ling Wang, Zeyuan Lu, Mingyu Liang
Acute kidney disease (AKI) leads to increased risk of progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Antithrombin III (ATIII) is a potent anticoagulant with anti-inflammatory properties, and we previously reported that insufficiencies of ATIII exacerbated renal ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in rats. In this study, we examined the characteristic of AKI-CKD transition in rats with two distinct AKI models. Based on our observation, left IRI plus right nephrectomy (NX-IRI) was used to determine whether ATIII had therapeutic effects in preventing CKD progression after AKI...
December 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Jing Tian, Xinjiang An, Ling Niu
Cardiac fibrosis is a common phenomenon in different types of heart diseases, such as ischemic heart disease, inherited cardiomyopathy mutations, diabetes, and ageing and is associated with morbidity and mortality. Increased accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) that impacts cardiac function, is the underlying cause of fibrotic heart disease. There are four different types of cardiac fibrosis, including, reactive interstitial fibrosis, replacement fibrosis, infiltrative interstitial fibrosis and endomyocardial fibrosis...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Masakazu Toi, Zhimin Shao, Sara Hurvitz, Ling-Ming Tseng, Qingyuan Zhang, Kunwei Shen, Donggeng Liu, Jifeng Feng, Binghe Xu, Xiaojia Wang, Keun Seok Lee, Ting Ying Ng, Antonia Ridolfi, Florence Noel-Baron, Francois Ringeisen, Zefei Jiang
BACKGROUND: The current exploratory analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of everolimus for treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) advanced breast cancer in the Asian subset of patients in the BOLERO-1 trial. METHODS: Postmenopausal women with HER2+ advanced breast cancer, who had not received systemic therapy for advanced disease, were randomized 2:1 to receive everolimus or placebo, plus trastuzumab and paclitaxel...
April 11, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Wei-Wei Zhu, Yi-Dan Li, Hong Li, Xiu-Zhang Lu, Ling-Yun Kong, Xiao-Guang Ye, Qi-Zhe Cai, Lan-Lan Sun, Wei Jiang, Li Wang
The aims of this study were to apply integrative cardiopulmonary ultrasound (thoracic ultrasound) to the evaluation of patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and to determine the relationship between lung ultrasound signs and echocardiographic parameters such as systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) and various right ventricular parameters. ILD patients and healthy controls underwent lung ultrasound (LUS) and echocardiographic tests. In addition to traditional echocardiographic parameters, right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain (RVLS_FW) was measured using 2-D speckle-tracking echocardiography...
April 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Xiao-Ling Ren, Wei Fu, Jing Liu, Ying Liu, Rong-Ming Xia
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to investigate the application of lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of pulmonary hemorrhage of the newborn (PHN). METHODS: From July 2013 to June 2016, 157 neonates were enrolled in the study. They were divided into two groups: a study group of 57 neonates, who were diagnosed with PHN according to their medical history, clinical manifestations and chest X-ray findings, and a control group of 100 neonates with no lung disease. All subjects underwent bedside lung ultrasound in a quiet state in a supine, lateral or prone position, performed by a single expert physician...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Shun-Yang Cheng, Yu-Hsiang Chou, Fang-Ling Liao, Chi-Chun Lin, Fan-Chi Chang, Chia-Hao Liu, Tao-Min Huang, Chun-Fu Lai, Yu-Feng Lin, Vin-Cent Wu, Tzong-Shinn Chu, Ming-Shiou Wu, Shuei-Liong Lin
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important risk factor for incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). Clinical studies disclose that ensuing CKD progresses after functional recovery from AKI, but the underlying mechanisms remain illusive. Using a murine model representing AKI-CKD continuum, we show angiotensin II type 1a (AT1a) receptor signaling as one of the underlying mechanisms. Male adult CD-1 mice presented severe AKI with 20% mortality within 2 weeks after right nephrectomy and left renal ischemia-reperfusion injury...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Xin Cong, Yan Zhang, Guang-Yan Yu, Li-Ling Wu
Tight junctions (TJs) are widely expressed in the most apical portion of both epithelial and endothelial cell-cell interactions, serving as a structural and functional basis for material transport through the paracellular pathway. TJs are multi-protein complex composed of transmembrane and cytoplasmic proteins. TJs constitute pores allowing materials with specific size and electrical charge to pass through the paracellular pathway, which is so called "barrier" function. Besides, TJs also separate the lumen and interstitial space of epithelium and endothelium by the function of "fence"...
August 25, 2016: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
Pei-Fang Hsieh, Shu-Fen Liu, Tsung-Jen Hung, Chien-Ya Hung, Guo-Zheng Liu, Lea-Yea Chuang, Mei-Fen Chen, Jue-Long Wang, Ming-Der Shi, Chen Hung Hsu, Yow-Ling Shiue, Yu-Lin Yang
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) has previously been linked to allergic inflammatory diseases, and tissue fibrosis and organ dysfunction may also arise from such inflammation. It remains unclear, however, whether TSLP plays any role in the occurrence of renal fibrosis, so this study investigated that possibility. An in vitro fibrosis model was established by treating normal rat kidney fibroblast (NRK-49F) cells with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), after which the levels of various fibrogenic markers (e...
September 10, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Dongdong Wu, Biao Gao, Mengling Li, Ling Yao, Shuaiwei Wang, Mingliang Chen, Hui Li, Chunyan Ma, Ailing Ji, Yanzhang Li
Obesity is prevalent worldwide and is a major risk factor for the development and progression of kidney disease. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) plays an important role in renal physiological and pathophysiological processes. However, whether H2S is able to mitigate kidney injury induced by obesity in mice remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that H2S significantly reduced the accumulation of lipids in the kidneys of high fat diet- (HFD-) induced obese mice. The results of hematoxylin and eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, and Masson's trichrome staining showed that H2S ameliorated the kidney structure, decreased the extent of interstitial injury, and reduced the degree of kidney fibrosis in HFD-induced obese mice...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Tsai-Ling Liao, Chin-Fu Lin, Yi-Ming Chen, Hung-Jen Liu, Der-Yuan Chen
Increasing evidence indicates that the risk of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease is elevated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the risk factors and outcomes for NTM disease among RA patients remain unclear. We conducted a case-control study and estimated odds ratios (ORs) for RA patients with NTM disease according to comorbidities and anti-rheumatic medications by using conditional logistic regression. Prior tuberculosis history (adjusted OR (aOR) =5.58, p < 0.001), hypertension (aOR = 2...
July 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Eric S White, Meng Xia, Susan Murray, Rachel Dyal, Candace M Flaherty, Kevin R Flaherty, Bethany B Moore, Ling Cheng, Tracy J Doyle, Julian Villalba, Paul F Dellaripa, Ivan O Rosas, Jonathan D Kurtis, Fernando J Martinez
RATIONALE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive, fatal interstitial lung disease (ILD) characterized by abnormal extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. We hypothesized that ECM remodeling might result in a plasma profile of proteins specific for IPF that could distinguish patients with IPF from other idiopathic ILDs. OBJECTIVES: To identify biomarkers that might assist in distinguishing IPF from non-IPF ILD. METHODS: We developed a panel of 35 ECM, ECM-related, and lung-specific analytes measured in plasma from 86 patients with IPF (derivation cohort) and in 63 patients with IPF (validation cohort)...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Qingwen Sun, Mangui Zhu, Yin Xi, Yuheng Yu, Xuesong Liu, Ling Sang, Yonghao Xu, Sibei Chen, Lingbo Nong, Weiqun He, Yuanda Xu, Yimin Li, Xiaoqing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of prone position ventilation (PPV) on respiratory mechanics and prognosis in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) concurrent with interstitial lung disease (ILD). METHODS: The data of 36 severe ARDS patients admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from February 2013 to January 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. They were then divided into two groups according to the presence of ILD or not...
October 2015: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
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