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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852818/parents-acute-illnesses-hospitalizations-and-medication-changes-during-the-difficult-first-year-after-infant-or-child-nicu-picu-death
#1
Dorothy Brooten, JoAnne M Youngblut, Carmen Caicedo, Teresa Del Moral, G Patricia Cantwell, Balagangadhar Totapally
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Infant/child death is described as a most stressful life event; however, there are few reports of effects on parent physical health during the first year after the death. The study's purpose is to examine the patterns of parent acute illnesses, hospitalizations, and medication changes over 1 to 13 months after neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) or pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) infant/child death in 3 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Secondary analyses were conducted with longitudinal data on parent health and functioning 1 to 13 months after infant/child NICU/PICU death...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834765/a-comparison-of-perioperative-management-of-anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery-between-an-adult-and-pediatric-cardiac-center
#2
Jeremy L Herrmann, Leah A Goldberg, Abigail M Khan, Sara L Partington, Julie A Brothers, Christopher E Mascio, Thomas L Spray, Yuli Y Kim, Stephanie Fuller
BACKGROUND: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) presents in varying age-groups. Assuming management algorithms differ between pediatric and adult institutions, we compared the perioperative management of patients with AAOCA at two such centers. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted at a pediatric and an adult institution of patients 14 years or older who underwent surgical repair of AAOCA between January 2000 and May 2014. RESULTS: Twenty patients from the pediatric center (median age: 16...
November 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826712/subclinical-pulmonary-hypertension-in-childhood-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-associated-with-minor-disease-manifestations
#3
Pedro Anuardo, Monica Verdier, Natali W S Gormezano, Gabriela R V Ferreira, Gabriela N Leal, Alessandro Lianza, Juliana C O A Ferreira, Rosa M R Pereira, Nadia E Aikawa, Maria Teresa Terreri, Claudia S Magalhães, Simone Appenzeller, Maria Carolina Dos Santos, Silvana B Sachetti, Claudio A Len, Gecilmara S Pilleggi, Simone Lotufo, Eloisa Bonfá, Clovis A Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary hypertension (PH) in 852 childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) patients. This was a large multicenter study conducted in 10 Pediatric Rheumatology Services of São Paulo state, Brazil. PH was defined as systolic pulmonary artery pressure >35 mmHg and/or measurement of the mean pulmonary artery pressure >25 mmHg and/or diastolic pressure >15 mmHg by transthoracic echocardiogram. Demographic data, clinical manifestations, disease activity score (SLEDAI-2K), disease damage score (SLICC/ACR-DI) and treatments were also evaluated...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826707/diagnostic-yield-of-outpatient-pediatric-echocardiograms-impact-of-indications-and-specialty
#4
Sean M Lang, Elijah Bolin, Sarah Hardy, Xinyu Tang, R Thomas Collins
Multiple reports have shown that echocardiograms are neither cost-effective nor of high diagnostic yield for a number of indications. This study sought to evaluate the impact of indications and provider type on the diagnostic yield of first-time outpatient pediatric echocardiograms. All initial echocardiograms interpreted at our institution from February 2009 to December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Positive findings were defined as any abnormality of structure or function. Ordering physicians were grouped as Primary Care, Subspecialist, or Cardiologist...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768631/coronary-pulmonary-artery-fistulas-a-systematic-review
#5
Daniel Verdini, Daniel Vargas, Anderson Kuo, Brian Ghoshhajra, Phillip Kim, Horacio Murillo, Jacobo Kirsch, Michael Lane, Carlos Restrepo
PURPOSE: Coronary-pulmonary arterial fistulas (CPAFs) are rare coronary artery anomalies that have been described only in limited case reports. This study aims to evaluate the clinical presentation and imaging findings of CPAFs collected from 6 participating medical centers along with CPAFs reported in the literature, to discern any general trends present in CPAFs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 cases of CPAF diagnosed by coronary computed tomography angiography were collected across 6 participating institutions...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765663/comprehensive-technical-and-patient-care-optimization-in-the-management-of-pediatric-apheresis-for-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-harvesting
#6
Yoshihiro Ohara, Hitoshi Ohto, Tetsunori Tasaki, Hideki Sano, Kazuhiro Mochizuki, Mitsuko Akaihata, Shogo Kobayashi, Tomoko Waragai, Masaki Ito, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Kenneth E Nollet, Kazuhiko Ikeda, Chitose Ogawa, Takahiro Kanno, Yayoi Shikama, Atsushi Kikuta
BACKGROUND: Pediatric apheresis for peripheral blood stem cell transplantation should be carried out with due concern for low corporeal blood volume and vulnerability to hypocalcemia-related complications, hypovolemic shock, and hypervolemic cardiac overload. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated a total of 267 apheresis procedures from 1990 to 2013 on 93 children between 0 and 10 years old, including 89 patients and 4 healthy donors, with body weights of 6...
September 30, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748327/pediatric-gastrointestinal-sarcoidosis-successful-treatment-with-infliximab
#7
Laila Alawdah, Ahmad Nahari, Dayel Alshahrani, Musa Fagih, Shahid Ghazi, Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini
Gastrointestinal sarcoidosis is a rare disease with very limited data in children. Here we report the first pediatric case of successful treatment with infliximab. The first case was an 8-year-old Saudi girl who presented with fever, weight loss, and abdominal pain that was followed in a few months with hematemesis and development of hepatosplenomegaly. The second case was a 9-year-old Sudanese boy who manifested with vomiting, epigastric pain, and weight loss. On upper endoscopy, both cases demonstrated severe erosive nodular gastric mucosa...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747183/pectus-excavatum-from-a-pediatric-surgeon-s-perspective
#8
Donald Nuss, Robert J Obermeyer, Robert E Kelly
Historically, pectus excavatum (PE) was reported to be congenital, but in our experience only 22% are noticed in the first decade of life. Thus far, genetic studies support an autosomal recessive heritability, which coincides with only 40% of our patients having some positive family history, but is also contradictory given a constant sex ratio of 4:1 in favor of males. This inconsistency may be explained by the effect of more than one pectus disease-associated allele. Once the deformity is noticed, it tends to progress slowly until puberty, when rapid progression is often seen...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704508/childhood-tuberculosis-a-descriptive-study-in-a-pneumo-pediatrics-department-in-tunisia
#9
Houda Snène, Anissa Berraies, Besma Hamdi, Jamel Ammar, Hanadi Ouali, Agnes Hamzaoui
Objective to assess the different localizations of tuberculosis (TB) in children in a pneumopediatric department in Tunisia and to describe its diagnosis tools since clinical investigations of childhood TB are challenged by the paucibacillary nature of the disease and the difficulties in obtaining specimens. Methods Forty-six cases of TB in children were studied between 2008 and 2013. Clinical history, examination and chest radiography were reported. Several investigations have been conducted to confirm the diagnosis of TB such as: tuberculin skin test (TST), bacteriological and histological investigations...
April 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688016/probiotics-for-the-prevention-of-pediatric-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea
#10
Shelby R Hayes, Ashley J Vargas
: Goldenberg JZ, Lytvyn L, Steurich J, Parkin P, Mahant S, Johnston BC. Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric antibiotic-associated diarrhea.Cochrane Database Syst Rev2015, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD004827. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004827.pub4. BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are frequently prescribed in children. They alter the microbial balance within the gastrointestinal tract, commonly resulting in antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD). Probiotics may prevent AAD via restoration of the gut microflora...
August 26, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660720/coexistence-of-a-ghon-complex-pott-s-disease-and-hip-arthritis-in-a-child
#11
Ozgul Yigit, Meltem Erol, Ozlem Bostan Gayret, Isıl Ustun, Selami Ulas
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in developing countries. Diagnosing extrapulmonary tuberculosis can be difficult, as it requires a higher index of suspicion than primary tuberculosis. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis may mimic malignancies and many other diseases, so it should be included in the differential diagnosis. Here, we present a case of extrapulmonary tuberculosis associated with Pott's disease and hip arthritis in a patient who recovered after 12 months of antituberculosis therapy...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649041/implementation-of-a-clinical-pathway-for-chest-pain-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#12
Shaun Mohan, Deipanjan Nandi, Paul Stephens, Mirna MʼFarrej, R Lee Vogel, Christopher P Bonafide
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a pediatric emergency department (ED) chest pain clinical pathway on resource utilization. METHODS: Motivated by perceived overuse of cardiology consultation for non-cardiac chest pain in the ED, clinicians from the Divisions of Cardiology and Emergency Medicine collaboratively developed a chest pain clinical pathway, educated staff, and implemented the pathway on March 1, 2014. We reviewed records of children aged 3 to 18 years without prior diagnoses of heart disease who presented to the ED with chest pain between March 1, 2013, and April 22, 2015...
September 20, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502104/clinical-presentation-of-pediatric-patients-at-risk-for-sudden-cardiac-arrest
#13
Aarti Dalal, Richard J Czosek, Joshua Kovach, Johannes C von Alvensleben, Santiago Valdes, Susan P Etheridge, Michael J Ackerman, Debbie Auld, Jeryl Huckaby, Courtney McCracken, Robert Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To identify the clinical presentation of children and adolescents affected by 1 of 4 cardiac conditions predisposing to sudden cardiac arrest: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, long QT syndrome (LQTS), catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), and anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right sinus of Valsalva (ALCA-R). STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of newly diagnosed pediatric patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, LQTS, CPVT, and ALCA-R referred for cardiac evaluation at 6 US centers from 2008 to 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462187/pulmonary-crohn-s-disease-in-down-syndrome-a-link-or-linkage-problem
#14
Danyal Thaver, Mirza Beg
Crohn's disease (CD) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder that primarily affects the gastrointestinal tract. It may have pulmonary involvement, which has been rarely reported in pediatric patients. Down syndrome (DS) has been associated with increased frequency of autoimmune diseases. However, associations between CD and DS have been rarely reported. We present the case of a 5-year-old girl with known DS and a history of chronic intermittent abdominal pain who presented with persistent pneumonia. Her workup included a chest computed tomography (CT) scan that showed multiple noncalcified pulmonary nodules...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27331579/effective-use-of-computed-tomography-for-detection-of-press-through-package-sheet-ingestion-in-a-pediatric-patient
#15
Ichiro Takeuchi, Tomoya Ito, Yurie Ito, Satoko Uematsu, Migita Misato, Michinobu Oono, Satoshi Tsuji, Hirokazu Sakai
Press-through-package sheet (PTPS) ingestion can cause perforation of gastrointestinal tract. Such incidents, which require immediate medical attention, are often observed in elderly people. In this report, we describe the case of a 12-year-old patient who ingested PTPS. The patient, who has attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, presented with abdominal pain at our hospital. While it was not revealed by a chest x-ray, computed tomography scan showed a PTPS lodged in his lower esophagus. The ingested PTPS was removed by endoscopy without complications...
June 21, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325220/swallowed-fluticasone-propionate-is-an-effective-long-term-maintenance-therapy-for-children-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#16
Doerthe A Andreae, Matthew G Hanna, Margret S Magid, Stefano Malerba, Michael H Andreae, Emilia Bagiella, Mirna Chehade
OBJECTIVES: Although effective in the treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in children, limited data exist on long-term safety and efficacy of swallowed topical corticosteroids. We investigated whether long-term use of swallowed fluticasone in children with EoE leads to sustained reduction in esophageal eosinophils, and endoscopic and clinical improvement. METHODS: In an open-label, prospective, single-center study, we offered pediatric patients with active EoE fluticasone 2 puffs to swallow twice a day (strengths in μg/puff: 2-4 years: 44, 5-11 years: 110, ≥12 years: 220)...
August 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320840/are-esophagrams-indicated-in-pediatric-patients-with-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#17
Edward J Richer, Ramon Sanchez
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an infrequent condition in pediatric patients. Presenting symptoms include chest pain, dysphagia, or vomiting, without initiating event. Patients may undergo esophagram because of concern for esophageal perforation as the source for pneumomediastinum, however, abnormalities are rarely demonstrated. The objective of this study is to identify whether esophagrams performed on pediatric patients for spontaneous pneumomediastinum are warranted...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279568/clinical-events-in-a-large-prospective-cohort-of-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-nagpur-india-evidence-against-a-milder-clinical-phenotype-in-india
#18
Dipty Jain, Aishwarya Arjunan, Vijaya Sarathi, Harshwardhan Jain, Amol Bhandarwar, Marike Vuga, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
BACKGROUND: The clinical phenotype of sickle cell disease (SCD) has been reported to be milder in India than in the United States. The objective of this large single-center study was to examine the rate of complications to define the phenotype of SCD in India. METHODS: The rate of complications per 100 person-years in 833 pediatric SCD patients for 1954 person-years in Nagpur, India including those diagnosed on newborn screen (NBS) and those presenting later in childhood (non-NBS) was compared to those reported in the cooperative study of sickle cell disease (CSSCD)...
October 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265796/early-detection-of-pulmonary-fungal-infection-by-ct-scan-in-pediatric-all-patients-under-chemotherapy-or-in-post-transplantation-period-with-primary-complaint-of-chest-pain
#19
Şule Ünal, Barış Kuşkonmaz, Betül Tavil, Selin Aytaç Elmas, Duygu Uçkan Çetinkaya, Mualla Çetin, Mithat Haliloğlu, Fatma Gümrük
We describe herein four children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who were diagnosed as pulmonary fungal infection after presenting with chest pain. The plain radiologic evaluations failed to reveal any positive findings, whereas computerized tomography (CT) scanning showed nodular opacification with or without cavitation. This experience suggests that chest pain may be an initial symptom of an invasive fungal infection in patients with leukemia, and CT scan of the lungs should be performed urgently for the early diagnosis and treatment, despite normal plain X-rays...
March 5, 2010: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162828/the-etiology-associated-injuries-and-clinical-presentation-of-post-traumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#20
Farooq Ahmad Gaine, Ghulam Nabi Lone, Mushtaq Ahmad Chowdhary, Hafeezula Lone
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the etiology, associated injurers and clinical presentation of post traumatic diaphragmatic hernia. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study being conducted in the department of Cardiovascular, thoracic surgery (CVTS) and Pediatric Surgery, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Srinagar, Kashmir, India. All patients of post traumatic diaphragmatic hernia who were admitted in the department of CVTS and Pediatric Surgery, SKIMS, during the course of study (May 2009 to Nov...
April 2013: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
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