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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933909/a-cross-level-investigation-of-informal-field-based-learning-and-performance-improvements
#1
Mikhail A Wolfson, Scott I Tannenbaum, John E Mathieu, M Travis Maynard
Organizations often operate in complex and dynamic environments which place a premium on employees' ongoing learning and acquisition of new competencies. Additionally, the majority of learning in organizations does not take place in formal training settings, but we know relatively little about how informal field-based learning (IFBL) behaviors relate to changes in job performance. In this study, we first clarified the construct of IFBL as a subset of informal learning. Second, on the basis of this clarified construct definition, we developed a measure of IFBL behaviors and demonstrated its psychometric properties using (a) a sample of subject matter experts who made item content validity judgments and (b) both an Amazon Mechanical Turk sample (N = 400) and a sample of 1,707 healthcare employees...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933890/environmental-sensitivity-in-children-development-of-the-highly-sensitive-child-scale-and-identification-of-sensitivity-groups
#2
Michael Pluess, Elham Assary, Francesca Lionetti, Kathryn J Lester, Eva Krapohl, Elaine N Aron, Arthur Aron
A large number of studies document that children differ in the degree they are shaped by their developmental context with some being more sensitive to environmental influences than others. Multiple theories suggest that Environmental Sensitivity is a common trait predicting the response to negative as well as positive exposures. However, most research to date has relied on more or less proximal markers of Environmental Sensitivity. In this paper we introduce a new questionnaire-the Highly Sensitive Child (HSC) scale-as a promising self-report measure of Environmental Sensitivity...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933237/cross-validation-and-development-of-empirically-derived-adhd-assessment-strategies-insights-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-health-add-health
#3
Shirag K Shemmassian, Steve S Lee
OBJECTIVE: There is replicated evidence that individual ADHD symptoms differentially predict ADHD diagnostic status, and that non- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-based symptom algorithms are superior to DSM criteria for ruling in or ruling out ADHD. However, these findings have been limited to case-control samples, despite the need to replicate them in independent and more representative samples and to increase their generalizability. METHOD: We analyzed the base rates and psychometric properties of ADHD symptoms in the population-based National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health; http://www...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933190/assessment-of-capabilities-in-persons-with-advanced-stage-of-dementia-validation-of-the-montessori-assessment-system-mas
#4
Jérôme Erkes, Cameron J Camp, Stéphane Raffard, Marie-Christine Gély-Nargeot And, Sophie Bayard
This study evaluated the validity and reliability of the Montessori Assessment System. The Montessori Assessment System assesses preserved abilities in persons with moderate to severe dementia. In this respect, this instrument provides crucial information for the development of effective person-centered care plans. A total of 196 persons with a diagnosis of dementia in the moderate to severe stages of dementia were recruited in 10 long-term care facilities in France. All participants completed the Montessori Assessment System, the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale and/or the Mini Mental State Examination and the Severe Impairment Battery-short form...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932960/validation-of-the-repetitive-behavior-scale-revised-in-spanish-speakers-participants-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
A E Martínez-González, J A Piqueras
Restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB) is one of the two key diagnostic features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). DSM-5 highlights the importance of severity-based diagnostic modifiers assigned on the basis of intensity of needed supports. Therefore, there is a need for available measures that assess the severity of RRB. The repetitive behavior scale-revised (RBS-R) is probably the most used informant-based rating scale for the assessment of RRB and interests observed in ASD. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the RBS-R in a sample of 233 participants with ASD, aged 3 to 63 years...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932280/assessment-of-cross-cultural-adaptations-of-patient-reported-shoulder-outcome-measures-in-spanish-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Sara Gómez-Valero, Fernando García-Pérez, Mariano Tomás Flórez-García, Juan Carlos Miangolarra-Page
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to conduct a systematic review of self-administered shoulder-disability functional assessment questionnaires adapted to Spanish, analyzing the quality of the transcultural adaptation and the clinimetric properties of the new version. METHODS: A search of the main biomedical databases was conducted to locate Spanish shoulder function assessment scales. The authors reviewed the papers and considered whether the process of adaptation of the questionnaire had followed international recommendations, and whether its psychometric properties had been appropriately assessed...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932269/evaluation-and-performance-of-a-newly-developed-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-for-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-a-clinical-study-population
#7
Leticia Delgado-Herrera, Kathryn Lasch, Bernhardt Zeiher, Anthony J Lembo, Douglas A Drossman, Benjamin Banderas, Kathleen Rosa, Christopher Lademacher, Rob Arbuckle
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the newly developed seven-item Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Diarrhea predominant (IBS-D) Daily Symptom Diary and four-item Event Log using phase II clinical trial safety and efficacy data in patients with IBS-D. This instrument measures diarrhea (stool frequency and stool consistency), abdominal pain related to IBS-D (stomach pain, abdominal pain, abdominal cramps), immediate need to have a bowel movement (immediate need and accident occurrence), bloating, pressure, gas, and incomplete evacuation...
September 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931487/nursing-students-perception-of-academic-support-in-the-practicum-development-of-a-reliable-and-valid-measurement-instrument
#8
Juan Arribas-Marín, Vicente Hernández-Franco, Calixto Plumed-Moreno
BACKGROUND: The importance of practicum training in health sciences disciplines places prominence on the academic support received by students in this learning environment, both due to its leverage over their perceived level of satisfaction of academic proficiency as well as its impact on their academic performance. AIM: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a scale which facilitates the evaluation of academic support perceived by nursing students during their practicum...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929989/measuring-orthorexia-nervosa-psychometric-limitations-of-the-orto-15
#9
María Roncero, Juan Ramón Barrada, Conxa Perpiñá
Orthorexia nervosa has recently been defined as excessive preoccupation with healthy eating, causing significant nutritional deficiencies and social and personal impairments. The ORTO-15 is the most widely used instrument to evaluate orthorexia nervosa, although previous studies obtained inconsistent results about its psychometric properties, and there are no data on the Spanish version. Thus, the main objective of the present study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish adaptation of the ORTO-15...
September 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929208/proms-in-paediatric-knee-ligament-injury-use-the-pedi-ikdc-and-avoid-using-adult-proms
#10
REVIEW
M Dietvorst, M Reijman, B van Groningen, M C van der Steen, R P A Janssen
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to present an evidence-based overview of psychometric properties of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for children with knee ligament injury. METHODS: A systematic search of literature was performed in PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases. The inclusion criteria were diagnostic studies evaluating psychometric properties (validity, reliability, responsiveness) and comprehensibility of PROMs as well as studies including children (age < 18 years) with knee ligament injury...
September 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928693/the-dimensional-obsessive-compulsive-scale-development-and-validation-of-a-short-form-docs-sf
#11
Thomas Eilertsen, Bjarne Hansen, Gerd Kvale, Jonathan S Abramowitz, Silje E H Holm, Stian Solem
Accurately and reliably measuring the presence and severity of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) symptoms is essential for both routine clinical work and research. The current study investigated psychometric properties of the dimensional obsessive-compulsive scale-short form (DOCS-SF). DOCS-SF was developed and validated in Norwegian. DOCS-SF contains a checklist with four symptom categories and five severity items scored on a zero to eight scale yielding a total score of 0-40. Data were collected from adults with a current diagnosis of OCD (n = 204) and a community comparison group (n = 211)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928690/the-role-of-psychometrics-in-individual-differences-research-in-cognition-a-case-study-of-the-ax-cpt
#12
Shelly R Cooper, Corentin Gonthier, Deanna M Barch, Todd S Braver
Investigating individual differences in cognition requires addressing questions not often thought about in standard experimental designs, especially regarding the psychometric properties of the task. Using the AX-CPT cognitive control task as a case study example, we address four concerns that one may encounter when researching the topic of individual differences in cognition. First, we demonstrate the importance of variability in task scores, which in turn directly impacts reliability, particularly when comparing correlations in different populations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928687/the-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-a-brief-questionnaire-of-psychopathic-personality-traits
#13
Sonja Etzler, Sonja Rohrmann
The measurement of psychopathic personality traits via self-report has become an important tool in legal psychology. One prominent instrument is the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI; Lilienfeld and Andrews, 1996), a well-validated questionnaire that is widely applied in many countries. In Germany, it is the only questionnaire assessing psychopathic traits that is available from a publisher with a manual edited for easy administration. Nevertheless, the PPI shows certain shortcomings: the high number of 154 items makes it less economic, it was developed on a non-representative undergraduate sample, and studies revealed an inconsistent factor structure...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928188/measuring-the-preference-towards-patient-centred-communication-with-the-chinese-revised-patient-practitioner-orientation-scale-a-cross-sectional-study-among-physicians-and-patients-in-clinical-settings-in-shanghai-china
#14
Jie Wang, Runyu Zou, Hua Fu, Haihong Qian, Yueren Yan, Fan Wang
OBJECTIVES: To adapt the Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale (PPOS), to a Chinese context, and explore the preference towards patient-centred communication among physicians and patients with the Chinese-revised Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale (CR-PPOS). DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. SETTING: Clinical settings from eight medical units, including four community hospitals and four general hospitals, in Shanghai, China...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927578/the-critical-care-pain-observation-tool-is-reliable-in-non-agitated-but-not-in-agitated-intubated-patients
#15
Hoda Chookalayia, Mehdi Heidarzadeh, Mohammad Hassanpour-Darghah, Masoomeh Aghamohammadi-Kalkhoran, Mansoreh Karimollahi
OBJECTIVE: The Critical-Care Pain. OBSERVATION: Tool is one of the instruments developed to assess pain in patients who are unable to communicate verbally. The study aimed to survey the psychometric properties of Critical-Care Pain. OBSERVATION: Tool in four groups of non-verbal patients according to their Richmond Agitation Sedation Score (RASS). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY: 65 critically ill patients (medical, surgical, trauma) were assessed using the critical care pain observation tool on six occasions (before, during and after nociceptive and non-nociceptive procedures)...
September 15, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927510/the-development-and-validation-of-the-patient-participation-culture-tool-for-inpatient-psychiatric-wards-pact-psy
#16
Simon Malfait, Joeri Vandewalle, Kristof Eeckloo, Roos Colman, Ann Van Hecke
Patient participation is an important topic in mental health and receives increased attention along with deinstitutionalization. No tool exists to measure healthcare worker-related factors that influence patient participation. A three-staged study was conducted to develop and validate the 'Patient Participation Culture Tool for inpatient PSYchiatric wards' (PaCT-PSY), and to analyse its psychometric properties (n=603). The 60-items tool, comprising thirteen components, showed content validity, strong psychometric properties, and a high internal consistency...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927468/recent-advances-in-analysis-of-differential-item-functioning-in-health-research-using-the-rasch-model
#17
Curt Hagquist, David Andrich
BACKGROUND: Rasch analysis with a focus on Differential Item Functioning (DIF) is increasingly used for examination of psychometric properties of health outcome measures. To take account of DIF in order to retain precision of measurement, split of DIF-items into separate sample specific items has become a frequently used technique. The purpose of the paper is to present and summarise recent advances of analysis of DIF in a unified methodology. In particular, the paper focuses on the use of analysis of variance (ANOVA) as a method to simultaneously detect uniform and non-uniform DIF, the need to distinguish between real and artificial DIF and the trade-off between reliability and validity...
September 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927410/the-search-for-relevant-outcome-measures-for-cost-utility-analysis-of-systemic-family-interventions-in-adolescents-with-substance-use-disorder-and-delinquent-behavior-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
S Schawo, C Bouwmans, E van der Schee, V Hendriks, W Brouwer, L Hakkaart
PURPOSE: Systemic family interventions have shown to be effective in adolescents with substance use disorder and delinquent behavior. The interventions target interactions between the adolescent and involved systems (i.e. youth, family, peers, neighbors, school, work, and society). Next to effectiveness considerations, economic aspects have gained attention. However, conventional generic quality of life measures used in health economic evaluations may not be able to capture the broad effects of systemic interventions...
September 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926858/-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-version-of-the-sibling-perception-questionnaire-spq
#19
Ines Baumann, Mandy Niemitz, Lutz Goldbeck
The Sibling Perception Questionnaire (SPQ) measures the impact a cancer disease of a child has on a sibling's interpersonal relations in the family, communication, intrapersonal perceptions and fear of the disease. Aim of this study was the psychometric evaluation of the German version of the SPQ. For this purpose, data of 216 healthy siblings including 164 self-reports and 212 parent reports were gathered. For further analyses the 4 subscales "interpersonal difficulties", "intrapersonal difficulties", "open communication" and "fear of the disease" with overall 23 items were evaluated...
September 19, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925989/development-of-a-symptom-focused-patient-reported-outcome-measure-for-functional-dyspepsia-the-functional-dyspepsia-symptom-diary-fdsd
#20
Fiona Taylor, Sophie Higgins, Robyn T Carson, Sonya Eremenco, Catherine Foley, Brian E Lacy, Henry P Parkman, David S Reasner, Alan L Shields, Jan Tack, Nicholas J Talley
OBJECTIVES: The Functional Dyspepsia Symptom Diary (FDSD) was developed to address the lack of symptom-focused, patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures designed for use in functional dyspepsia (FD) patients and meeting Food and Drug Administration recommendations for PRO instrument development. METHODS: Concept elicitation interviews were conducted with FD participants to identify symptoms important and relevant to FD patients. A preliminary version of the FDSD was constructed, then completed by FD participants on an electronic device in cognitive interviews to evaluate the readability, comprehensibility, relevance, and comprehensiveness of the FDSD, and to preliminarily evaluate its measurement properties...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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