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Megan E Applegate, Christopher R France, David W Russ, Samuel T Leitkam, James S Thomas
Time to task failure (TTF) on the Sørensen test predicts low back pain (LBP), but mechanisms driving TTF may vary in those with and without recurrent LBP. To determine the physiological and psychological predictors of TTF, 48 sex, age, and BMI matched participants (24 Healthy, 24 LBP) completed psychological surveys, maximal strength assessments, and the Sørensen test. A two-way ANOVA revealed no significant effects of group (p = 0.75) or sex (p = 0.21) on TTF. In the full sample, linear regression analyses revealed that normalized Median Power Frequency (MPF) slope of the Erector Spinae (β = 0...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Suzanne L Merkus, Lars-Kristian Lunde, Markus Koch, Morten Wærsted, Stein Knardahl, Kaj Bo Veiersted
PURPOSE: To assess age-related differences in physical capacity, occupational physical demands, and relative physical strain at a group level, and the balance between capacity and demands at an individual level, for construction and healthcare workers. METHODS: Shoulder strength, back strength, and aerobic capacity were assessed among construction (n = 62) and healthcare workers (n = 64). During a full working day, accelerometers estimated upper-arm elevation, trunk flexion, and occupational physical activity as indicators of occupational physical demands...
November 15, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Sung-Hak Cho, Soo-Han Kim, Se-Yeon Park
There was lack of study which evaluated the effects of characteristics of subjects such as the body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC), as well as sexual differences on trunk muscle activities. The purpose of the present study was to compare the abdominal muscle activities among the groups dividing criterion as the BMI, WC, and the gender. As a criterion of BMI and WC, subjects were arranged to three groups. Female subjects who were less than 25 kg/m2 BMI, and less than 90 WC were arranged as female with underweight group (FU), male subjects who were greater than 25 kg/m2 BMI and greater than 85 WC were arranged as male with overweight group (MO), male subjects who were less than 25 kg/m2 BMI and less than 85 WC were arranged in male with underweight group (MU)...
October 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Kompal Jain, Vikky Jaiswal, Arun Puri
Erector spinae plane (ESP) block is an interfascial plane block where a local anaesthetic is injected in a plane preferably below the erector spinae muscle. It is supposed to work at the origin of spinal nerves based on cadaveric and contrast study. It has emerged as an effective and safe analgesic regional technique. It has a wide variety of applications ranging from control of acute postoperative pain to chronic pain. In this series, we report a series of six cases, which include postoperative pain management in breast, thoracic, and abdominal surgeries along with management of two chronic pain cases to illustrate the potential uses of continuous and single-shot ESP block...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Ashok Jadon, Chintala Pavana Swarupa, Mohammad Amir
Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) is a new truncal block which has been used successfully to manage many acute and painful conditions including multiple fractured ribs. This block is primarily an ultrasound-guided block. We have evaluated the feasibility of fluoroscopic guidance for this block. We have reported two cases of severe chest pain due to multiple fractured ribs managed successfully with ESPB given under fluoroscopic guidance.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Serkan Tulgar, Mehmet Nurullah Ermis, Zeliha Ozer
Femur neck fractures may occur in elderly patients with multiple co-morbidities. Spinal or general anaesthesia may not be safe in such patients, leading to a search for other safer alternatives. Herein, we report a case in which a never previously reported combination of quadratus lumborum block (QLB) and erector spinae plane block (ESPB) was successfully used as the main anaesthetic method for hemiarthroplasty. An 86-year-old female patient with severe aortic stenosis was scheduled for internal fixation or hemiarthroplasty due to right femoral neck fracture...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Vincenzo Spina, Domenico Barbuti, Alberto Gaeta, Stefano Palmucci, Ernesto Soscia, Marco Grimaldi, Antonio Leone, Renzo Manara, Gabriele Polonara
This article discusses the role of imaging modalities including radiography, multi-detector computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound in diagnosing and monitoring skeletal abnormalities in mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS). The advantages and disadvantages of these different imaging tools will be discussed, along with their feasibility in this class of patients. As the musculoskeletal involvement is common to all MPS and is one of the main reasons for seeking medical attention, an increased awareness among paediatricians, rheumatologists, orthopaedists, radiologists, and other musculoskeletal specialists on the possible spectrum of abnormalities observed could facilitate a timely diagnosis, an appropriate severity evaluation, and better management...
November 16, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Alwyn P Johnson, Maja Gorsic, Yubi Regmi, Bradley S Davidson, Boyi Dai, Domen Novak
Low back pain is a leading cause of disability, and there is a tremendous need for nonsurgical, nonpharmaceutical interventions to manage it. Versatile spinal exoskeletons have been proposed as a method of supporting or augmenting the wearer, but experimental data from human subjects are limited, and the effects of such exoskeletons remain poorly understood. We thus present a prototype of a reconfigurable spinal exoskeleton that features easily adjustable resistance and compression at multiple spinal levels, allowing us to study the effect of different exoskeleton configurations on the body...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Zi Hao Phang, Xue Yi Saw, Noreen Fadzlina Binti Mat Nor, Zolqarnain Bin Ahmad, Sa'adon Bin Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Sacral chordoma is a locally aggressive malignant tumour originating from ectopic notochordal cells. The natural history of sacral chordoma is a slow growing tumour arising at the midline of the lower sacrum that can invade the sacrum and progressively increase in size expanding cranially and anteriorly. Metastasis is very rare even when the tumour is large. Sacral chordoma affects males more than females and is more commonly found in middle age and elderly patients. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25 years old female had neglected an extremely large midline sacral mass for 2 years...
November 14, 2018: BMC Cancer
Alessandra Zanoletti, Fabjola Bilo, Laura Borgese, Laura E Depero, Ario Fahimi, Jessica Ponti, Andrea Valsesia, Rita La Spina, Tiziano Montini, Elza Bontempi
The World Health Organization reports that every year several million people die prematurely due to air pollution. Poor air quality is a by-product of unsustainable policies in transportation, energy, industry, and waste management in the world's most crowded cities. Particulate matter (PM) is one of the major element of polluted air. PM can be composed by organic and inorganic species. In particular, heavy metals present in PM include, lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), cadmium, (Cd), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni), arsenic (As), and molybdenum (Mo)...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Giulia Spini, Federica Spina, Anna Poli, Anne-Laure Blieux, Tiffanie Regnier, Carla Gramellini, Giovanna C Varese, Edoardo Puglisi
Autochthonous bioaugmentation, by exploiting the indigenous microorganisms of the contaminated environment to be treated, can represent a successful bioremediation strategy. In this perspective, we have assessed by molecular methods the evolution of bacterial and fungal communities during the selective enrichment on different pollutants of a soil strongly polluted by mixtures of aliphatic and polycyclic hydrocarbons. Three consecutive enrichments were carried out on soil samples from different soil depths (0-1, 1-2, 2-3 m), and analyzed at each step by means of high-throughput sequencing of bacterial and fungal amplicons biomarkers...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Eric J P Chanowski, Jean-Louis Horn, Jack H Boyd, Ban C H Tsui, Jessica L Brodt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Hironobu Ueshima, Mayumi Inagaki, Tomoaki Toyone, Hiroshi Otake
Study Design: A retrospective study. Purpose: The first research on the erector spinae plane (ESP) block was published in 2016. To our knowledge, no cohort studies or randomized controlled trials of the ESP block were performed in 2016 and 2017. Overview of Literature: This study retrospectively investigated the efficacy of the ESP block in pain management after lumbar spinal surgery. Methods: Patients who underwent lumbar spinal surgery in 2017 were enrolled in the study...
November 15, 2018: Asian Spine Journal
L F Zhang, H J Wang, Z C Tang
Objective: To investigate surface electromyography signal (sEMG) of the major back muscle group and subjective fatigue assessment under different experimental combinations during walk with weight on both shoulders, as well as the functional status and fatigue property of human muscles. Methods: From October to December, 2017, 10 college students were recruited to participate in shoulder weight - bearing work and walk under the combinations of different shoulder strap widths, weights, and hardness of waist cushion...
September 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Dean O Kuethe, Jeremy M Hix, Laura E Fredenburgh
PURPOSE: To initiate the archive of relaxation-weighted images that may help discriminate between pulmonary pathologies relevant to acute respiratory distress syndrome. MRI has the ability to distinguish pathologies by providing a variety of different contrast mechanisms. Lungs have historically been difficult to image with MRI but image quality is sufficient to begin cataloging the appearance of pathologies in T1 - and T2 -weighted images. This study documents T1 and the use of T1 contrast with four experimental rat lung pathologies...
November 12, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Bassam Mahboub, Ahmad Mawasi, Souzan Ali, Chiara Spina
PURPOSE: The last few years have seen a stronger emphasis on patient-centred care within the international healthcare setting. Patient-centred care is clearly perceived to be important to optimise the satisfaction and well-being of patients. The purpose of this paper is to review current patient-centred practices for outpatients in both private clinics and public hospitals in Dubai. Such a comparison contributes to the identification of best management practices as a means of enhancing healthcare delivery...
October 8, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Talgat Temirov, Bruce Ben-David, Alibek Mustafin, Dmitriy Viderman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
L Di Tizio, M R Spina, S Gustapane, F D'Antonio, M Liberati
Background: Interstitial pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy that usually leads to uterine rupture resulting in sudden life-threatening haemorrhage, need for blood transfusion, and admission to intensive care unit. Mortality rate is 6-7 times higher than that in classical ectopic pregnancy. Uterine rupture has been typically reported to occur at more advanced gestational ages compared to tubal pregnancy although several recent reports have shown a high risk of rupture before 12 weeks of gestation...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
A Castellino, A Chiappella, B R LaPlant, L D Pederson, G Gaidano, W R Macon, G Inghirami, C B Reeder, A Tucci, R L King, A Congiu, J M Foran, V Pavone, C E Rivera, M Spina, S M Ansell, F Cavallo, A L Molinari, Giovannino Ciccone, T M Habermann, T E Witzig, U Vitolo, G S Nowakowski
Lenalidomide-RCHOP (R2-CHOP21) has been shown to be safe and effective in patients with untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The aim of this analysis is to report long-term outcome and toxicities in newly diagnosed DLBCL patients who received R2-CHOP21 in two independent phase 2 trials, conducted by Mayo Clinic (MC) and Fondazione Italiana Linfomi (FIL). All patients received R-CHOP21 plus lenalidomide. Long-term progression-free survival (PFS), time to progression (TTP), overall survival (OS) and late toxicities and second tumors were analyzed...
November 8, 2018: Blood Cancer Journal
Inés C Oría, Juan E Pizzala, Augusto M Villaverde, Juan C Spina, Analía V Pasqua, Julio C Lazarte, Oscar M Mazza, Mariano M Marcolongo
The pancreatoduodenal groove is a small area where pathologic processes involving the distal bile duct, duodenum, pancreatic head, ampulla of Vater, and retroperitoneum converge. Despite great advances in imaging techniques, a definitive preoperative diagnosis is challenging because of the complex anatomy of this area. Therefore, surgical intervention is frequently required because of the inability to completely exclude malignancy. We report 3 cases of patients with different groove pathologies but similar clinical and imaging presentation, and show the essential role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in making a specific preoperative diagnosis, excluding malignancy in the first case, changing diagnosis in the second case, and confirming malignancy in the third case...
November 9, 2018: Clinical Endoscopy
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