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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550354/erratum-to-the-vascular-access-in-the-elderly-a-position-statement-of-the-vascular-access-working-group-of-the-italian-society-of-nephrology
#1
Carlo Lomonte, Giacomo Forneris, Maurizio Gallieni, Luigi Tazza, Mario Meola, Massimo Lodi, Massimo Senatore, Walter Morale, Monica Spina, Marcello Napoli, Decenzio Bonucchi, Franco Galli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546738/kinematic-and-electromyographic-activity-changes-during-back-squat-with-submaximal-and-maximal-loading
#2
Hasan U Yavuz, Deniz Erdag
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible kinematic and muscular activity changes with maximal loading during squat maneuver. Fourteen healthy male individuals, who were experienced at performing squats, participated in this study. Each subject performed squats with 80%, 90%, and 100% of the previously established 1 repetition maximum (1RM). Electromyographic (EMG) activities were measured for the vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, rectus femoris, semitendinosus, biceps femoris, gluteus maximus, and erector spinae by using an 8-channel dual-mode portable EMG and physiological signal data acquisition system (Myomonitor IV, Delsys Inc...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538321/muscle-activation-differs-between-partial-and-full-back-squat-exercise-with-external-load-equated
#3
Josinaldo J da Silva, Brad J Schoenfeld, Priscyla N Marchetti, Silvio L Pecoraro, Julia M D Greve, Paulo H Marchetti
da Silva, JJ, Schoenfeld, BJ, Marchetti, PN, Pecoraro, SL, Greve, JMD, and Marchetti, PH. Muscle activation differs between partial and full back squat exercise with external load equated. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1688-1693, 2017-Changes in range of motion affect the magnitude of the load during the squat exercise and, consequently, may influence muscle activation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate muscle activation between the partial and full back squat exercise with external load equated on a relative basis between conditions...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533619/the-effects-of-exercise-using-an-ergometer-with-swaying-saddle-on-chronic-lower-back-pain
#4
Seung Jin Byeon, Ki Hyun Kim
[Purpose] This study aims to investigate the effects of exercise using an ergometer with swaying saddle on chronic lower back pain. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-three normal adults (university students) with chronic lower back pain were randomly recruited. The flexibility and strength of muscles were measured before and after an 8-week intervention. Belly-bike, an ergometer with a swaying saddle, was used. The duration of intervention was 30 minutes a day, 3 times a week. To measure the level of pain, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Korean Oswestry Disability Index were used...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527342/relative-efficacy-of-t-cell-stimuli-as-inducers-of-productive-hiv-1-replication-in-latently-infected-cd4-lymphocytes-from-patients-on-suppressive-cart
#5
Nadejda Beliakova-Bethell, Marjan Hezareh, Joseph K Wong, Matthew C Strain, Mary K Lewinski, Douglas D Richman, Celsa A Spina
Quantification of cell-associated replication-competent HIV, in blood samples from patients with undetectable plasma viremia, requires specialized culture conditions that include exogenous pan T cell stimulation. Different research groups have used several stimuli for this purpose; however, the relative efficacies of these T cell stimuli to induce productive HIV replication from latently infected cells ex vivo have not been systematically evaluated. To this end, we compared four commonly used T cell stimuli: 1) irradiated allogeneic cells plus phytohaemagglutinin (PHA); 2) PHA alone; 3) phorbol myristate acetate plus Ionomycin; and 4) immobilized αCD3 plus αCD28 antibodies...
May 17, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524259/nonpegylated-liposomal-doxorubicin-combination-regimen-in-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-and-cardiac-comorbidity-results-of-the-heart01-phase-ii-trial-conducted-by-the-fondazione-italiana-linfomi
#6
Stefano Luminari, Elda Viel, Andrés José Maria Ferreri, Francesco Zaja, Emanuela Chimienti, Gerardo Musuraca, Alessandra Tucci, Monica Balzarotti, Monica Tani, Francesca Salvi, Emanuela A Pesce, Angela Ferrari, Anna M Liberati, Antonio Spadea, Dario Marino, Maria Bruno-Ventre, Stefano Volpetti, Chiara Bottelli, Elena Ravaioli, Francesco Merli, Michele Spina
The purpose of this phase 2, multicenter study was to determine the activity and safety of nonpegylated liposomal doxorubicin as part of "R-COMP" combination in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and coexisting cardiac disorders. The study was conducted using a Bayesian continuing assessment method using complete remission rate and rate of cardiac events as study endpoints. Between November 2009 and October 2011, 50 evaluable patients were enrolled (median age, 76 years). Median baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 60%...
May 19, 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522976/trunk-muscle-activity-during-drop-jump-performance-in-adolescent-athletes-with-back-pain
#7
Steffen Mueller, Josefine Stoll, Juliane Mueller, Michael Cassel, Frank Mayer
In the context of back pain, great emphasis has been placed on the importance of trunk stability, especially in situations requiring compensation of repetitive, intense loading induced during high-performance activities, e.g., jumping or landing. This study aims to evaluate trunk muscle activity during drop jump in adolescent athletes with back pain (BP) compared to athletes without back pain (NBP). Eleven adolescent athletes suffering back pain (BP: m/f: n = 4/7; 15.9 ± 1.3 y; 176 ± 11 cm; 68 ± 11 kg; 12...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521843/high-prevalence-of-trichomonas-gallinae-in-wild-columbids-across-western-and-southern-europe
#8
Melanie Marx, Gerald Reiner, Hermann Willems, Gregorio Rocha, Klaus Hillerich, Juan F Masello, Sylvia L Mayr, Sarah Moussa, Jenny C Dunn, Rebecca C Thomas, Simon J Goodman, Keith C Hamer, Benjamin Metzger, Jacopo G Cecere, Fernando Spina, Steffen Koschkar, Luciano Calderón, Tanja Romeike, Petra Quillfeldt
BACKGROUND: Avian trichomonosis is known as a widespread disease in columbids and passerines, and recent findings have highlighted the pathogenic character of some lineages found in wild birds. Trichomonosis can affect wild bird populations including endangered species, as has been shown for Mauritian pink pigeons Nesoenas mayeri in Mauritius and suggested for European turtle doves Streptopelia turtur in the UK. However, the disease trichomonosis is caused only by pathogenic lineages of the parasite Trichomonas gallinae...
May 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520140/towards-the-identification-of-novel-breast-cancer-inhibitors-specific-for-gper-expressing-cells
#9
Francescsa Aiello, Gabriele Carullo, Francesca Giordano, Elena Spina, Alessandra Nigro, Antonio Garofalo, Sabrina Tassini, Gabriele Costantino, Paolo Vincetti, Agostino Bruno, Marco Radi
Together with ERα/β, GPER (G protein-coupled estrogen receptor) mediates important pathophysiological signaling pathways induced by estrogens and is currently regarded as a promising target for ER-negative and triple-negative breast cancer. Only a few selective GPER modulators have been reported to date and their use in cancer cell lines has often led to contradictory results. Here we report the application of virtual screening and cell-based studies for the identification of new chemical scaffolds with a specific anti-proliferative effect against GPER-expressing breast cancer cell lines...
May 18, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506662/adiponectin-down-regulates-creb-and-inhibits-proliferation-of-a549-lung-cancer-cells
#10
Michela Illiano, Ersilia Nigro, Luigi Sapio, Ilaria Caiafa, Annamaria Spina, Olga Scudiero, Andrea Bianco, Sabrina Esposito, Filomena Mazzeo, Paolo Vincenzo Pedone, Aurora Daniele, Silvio Naviglio
INTRODUCTION: Adipokines are known to play a relevant role in a number of cancer related molecular pathways. Adiponectin is a major adipokine with anti-inflammatory and beneficial metabolic actions. Furthermore, it has been shown to exert anti-carcinogenic effects in various tumor models and some clinical studies suggested an inverse relationship between circulating levels of adiponectin and an increased risk for development of malignancies. On the other hand, the cyclic AMP response element binding (CREB) transcription factor has been clearly linked to lung cancer...
May 12, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505962/assessment-of-body-parameters-symmetry-in-child-violinists
#11
Anna Cygańska, Aleksandra Truszczyńska-Baszak, Justyna Drzaƚ-Grabiec, Adam Tarnowski
BACKGROUND: Playing violin may lead to overload of the locomotor system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess body parameters for trunk symmetry in child violinists and compare with the control group. METHODS: We analyzed body posture of 101 children aged 7-12 years, mean age 11.09 ± 9.46, 49 child violinists and control group of 52 children. RESULTS: We found statistically significant differences for the difference in depth of the lower corners of scapulae and upper posterior spina iliaca, though greater asymmetries were found in the clinical control group...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505951/reliability-of-mechanomyographic-amplitude-measurements-for-trunk-muscles-during-maximal-voluntary-isometric-contraction
#12
How-Hing Ng, Wen-Yen Lin, Kin-Fong Lei, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Shiau-Chian Jeng, Yang-Hua Lin
BACKGROUND: Mechanomyography (MMG) has been used to investigate mechanical characteristics of muscle contraction in clinical and experimental settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability of mechanomyographic amplitude (MMGRMS) measurements as a tool for measuring the maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVICs) of trunk muscles in healthy participants. METHODS: There were ten young adults participating in this study...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494691/central-poststroke-pain-a-systematic-review
#13
Jonathan Singer, Alyssa Conigliaro, Elizabeth Spina, Susan W Law, Steven R Levine
Background Physical, psychological, and/or social impairment can result after a stroke and can be exacerbated by pain. One type of pain after stroke, central poststroke pain, is believed to be due to primary central nervous system mechanisms. Estimated prevalence of central poststroke pain ranges widely from 8% to 55% of stroke patients, suggesting a difficulty in reliably, accurately, and consistently identifying central poststroke pain. This may be due to the absence of a generally accepted definition. Aim We aimed to clarify the role of thalamic strokes and damage to the spinothalamic pathway in central poststroke pain patients...
June 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492298/use-of-the-ultrasound-guided-erector-spinae-plane-block-in-breast-surgery
#14
Daniele Bonvicini, Angelo Giacomazzi, Ernesto Pizzirani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489147/professor-wadia-s-contributions-to-neurology-and-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-2
#15
Fernando Spina Tensini, José Luiz Pedroso, Orlando G P Barsottini, Hélio A G Teive
The authors present a historical review of the seminal contributions of Professor N. H. Wadia (1925-2016) to neurology, in particular, the first description of spinocerebellar ataxia type 2.
April 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482836/assessment-of-herbal-drugs-for-promising-anti-candida-activity
#16
Sameh S M Soliman, Mohammad H Semreen, Ali A El-Keblawy, Arbab Abdullah, Priya Uppuluri, Ashraf S Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Microbial infections are diverse and cause serious human diseases. Candida albicans infections are serious healthcare-related infections that are complicated by its morphological switching from yeast to hyphae, resistant biofilm formation and mixed infections with bacteria. Due to the increase in drug resistance to currently used antimicrobial agents and the presence of undesirable side effects, the need for safe and effective novel therapies is important. Compounds derived from plants are known for their medicinal properties including antimicrobial activities...
May 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476110/restriction-in-lateral-bending-range-of-motion-lumbar-lordosis-and-hamstring-flexibility-predicts-the-development-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#17
Sean G Sadler, Martin J Spink, Alan Ho, Xanne Janse De Jonge, Vivienne H Chuter
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is an increasingly common condition worldwide with significant costs associated with its management. Identification of musculoskeletal risk factors that can be treated clinically before the development of LBP could reduce costs and improve the quality of life of individuals. Therefore the aim was to systematically review prospective cohort studies investigating lower back and / or lower limb musculoskeletal risk factors in the development of LBP. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to February 2016...
May 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474495/children-with-chronic-stress-induced-recurrent-muscle-pain-have-enhanced-startle-reaction
#18
G Alfvén, S Grillner, E Andersson
BACKGROUND: Children with recurrent pain of negative chronic stress origin from different locations have a characteristic pattern of tender points in the temporal, trapezoid, great pectoral and abdominal muscles. We tested the hypothesis that the startle reaction is activated in these children and that some of the startle-activated muscles are related to the tender point pattern and the recurrent pain. METHODS: In children/adolescents, aged 10-17 years, 19 with recurrent psychosomatic pain (PAIN) and 23 controls (CON) we measured and analysed resting activity and acoustic startle response with electromyography (EMG) for the muscles involved in the pattern of tender points and also the lumbar erector spinae...
May 4, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469744/core-muscle-activation-in-suspension-training-exercises
#19
Giovanni Cugliari, Gennaro Boccia
A quantitative observational laboratory study was conducted to characterize and classify core training exercises executed in a suspension modality on the base of muscle activation. In a prospective single-group repeated measures design, seventeen active male participants performed four suspension exercises typically associated with core training (roll-out, bodysaw, pike and knee-tuck). Surface electromyographic signals were recorded from lower and upper parts of rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, lower and upper parts of erector spinae muscles using concentric bipolar electrodes...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463899/acute-metabolic-response-energy-expenditure-and-emg-activity-in-sitting-and-standing
#20
Ying Gao, Mika Silvennoinen, Arto Pesola, Heikki Kainulainen, Neil J Cronin, Taija Finni
PURPOSE: While merely standing up interrupts sedentary behavior, it is important to study acute metabolic responses during single bouts of sitting and standing to understand the physiological processes affecting the health of office workers. METHODS: 18 healthy middle aged women aged 49.4 ± 7.9 years (range: 40 to 64) with a BMI of 23.4 ± 2.8 kg·m volunteered for this laboratory-based randomized crossover trial where they performed two hours desk work either in sitting or standing postures after overnight fasting...
May 2, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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