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Marianna Masiero, Claudio Lucchiari, Ketti Mazzocco, Giulia Veronesi, Patrick Maisonneuve, Costantino Jemos, Emanuela Omodeo Salè, Stefania Spina, Raffaella Bertolotti, Gabriella Pravettoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Alister du Rose, Alex Breen, Alan Breen
Muscle strengthening exercises are commonly used in primary care for the treatment of chronic, non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) as it has been theorised that increased muscle activity contributes to the stabilisation of inter-vertebral motion segments during bending and other spinal movements, however this has never been demonstrated in vivo. This study used contemporaneous quantitative fluoroscopy (QF) and surface electromyography (sEMG) to investigate relationships between continuous inter-vertebral motion variables and muscle electrical activity in the lumbar multifidus (LMU), lumbar and thoracic erector spinae (LES and TES) during standardised lumbar flexion and return in 18 healthy male human subjects...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
James A Hruschka, Christopher D Arndt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Ansha Ali, Firew Tegegne, Bimrew Asmare, Zeleke Mekuriaw
The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding different levels of sun-dried Ziziphus spina-christi (ZC) leaves on feed intake and live weight gain of local male goats. Twenty-five male local breed of goats at 1 year of age (body weight; BW = 20.7 ± 0.72 kg) were randomly allocated to five treatments and five replications. Treatments were as follows: T1 (grass hay only; control group); T2 (75% grass hay + 25% ZC leaves); T3 (50% grass hay + 50% ZC leaves); T4 (25% grass hay + 75% ZC leaves), and T5 (100% ZC leaves)...
September 19, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
E Spinas, Stefano De Luca, L Lampis, L A Velandia Palacio, R Cameriere
This work aims to assess the validity of the cut-off value (0.08) of the third molar maturity index (I3M ) for discriminating minors from adults in Sardinian population. A sample of 336 digital panoramic radiographs of healthy Sardinian children and young minors (165 females and 171 males), aged between 15 and 23 years (mean age, 19.35 years in females and 18.80 years in males), was retrospectively evaluated. The left lower third molars were analysed by applying a specific cut-off value of 0.08 determined by Cameriere et al...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Yuzo Suzuki, Katsuhiro Yoshimura, Yasunori Enomoto, Hideki Yasui, Hironao Hozumi, Masato Karayama, Kazuki Furuhashi, Noriyuki Enomoto, Tomoyuki Fujisawa, Yutaro Nakamura, Naoki Inui, Takafumi Suda
Change in body composition with skeletal muscle wasting, a major component of pulmonary cachexia, is associated with mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cancer. However, its relevance in interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) remains unclear. We hypothesized changes in body composition would be associated with mortality in ILDs. We measured the cross-sectional-area (ESMCSA ) and muscle attenuation (ESMMA ) of erector-spinae muscles, as determined by CT-imaging, in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF; n = 131) and idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (iPPFE; n = 43) and controls...
September 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ryota Funakoshi, Koji Masuda, Hidehiko Uchiyama, Mitsuaki Ohta
The study aimed to clarify the regularity of the motions of horse's back, rider's pelvis and spine associated with improvement of rider's dynamic trunk alignment. The study used a crossover design, with exercise using the horseback riding simulator (simulator hereafter) as the control condition. The experiments were conducted at Tokyo University of Agriculture Bio-therapy Center. The sample consisted of 20 healthy volunteers age 20-23 years. Participants performed 15-min sessions of horseback riding with a Hokkaido Pony and exercise using the simulator in experiments separated by ≥2 weeks...
September 2018: Heliyon
Elena Bargagli, Paola Rottoli, Elena Torricelli, Chiara Allegrini, Alessandra Dubini, David Bennett, Luca Luzzi, Donatella Spina, Venerino Poletti, Sara Tomassetti
Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis is a rare form of upper-lobe-dominant progressive pulmonary fibrosis characterized histologically by visceral pleural thickening with collagenous fibrosis, subpleural elastosis, and intra-alveolar collagenous fibrosis. It was first described 25 years ago by Amitani et al. This report firstly describes a new variant or rare phenotype of PPFE with airway involvement, minimal pleuroparenchymal connections, and non-necrotizing granulomas.
September 17, 2018: Pathobiology: Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology
Kunal Bhanot, Navpreet Kaur, Lori Thein Brody, Jennifer Bridges, David C Berry, Joshua J Ode
CONTEXT: Dynamic balance (DB) is a measure of core stability. Deficits in the DB have been related to injuries in the athletic populations. The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) is suggested to measure and improve DB when used as a rehabilitative tool. OBJECTIVE: To determine the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the hip and the trunk muscles during the SEBT. DESIGN: Descriptive. SETTING: University campus. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two healthy adults (11 males and 11 females) (23...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Chinthaka Warusawitharana, Zubair Tariq, Benjamin Jackson, G Niraj
There has been a significant shift away from epidural analgesia after radical cystectomy within an enhanced recovery program. Alternative techniques reported including continuous erector spinae plane analgesia require supplemental systemic morphine. A new analgesic regimen is described that avoids both thoracic epidural analgesia and systemic morphine. Three adult patients undergoing open radical cystectomy, who refused thoracic epidural analgesia, were offered continuous erector spinae plane and intrathecal opioid analgesia...
September 11, 2018: A&A practice
Mitsuhiro Masaki, Hiroshige Tateuchi, Yumiko Koyama, Kaoru Sakuma, Naoki Otsuka, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Quadruped upper and lower extremity lift (QULEL) is performed for selective training of the lumbar multifidus muscle in patients with low back pain (LBP) or individuals with LBP history (LBPH). However, the activities of the back muscles and sagittal spinal alignment during QULEL are not clarified in individuals with LBPH. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study aimed to analyze the activities of the back muscles and sagittal spinal alignment during QULEL in young male with LBPH...
September 6, 2018: Gait & Posture
Tobias Weber, Sauro E Salomoni, Dorothée Debuse, François Hug, Nick Caplan, Enrico De Martino, Jonathan Scott, Julie Hides, Paul Hodges
This study investigated the effects of a single exercise session using a device developed for postural muscle training on the function of postural muscles in healthy, pain free individuals. During standardised rapid arm movements, timing of onset of electromyography (EMG) was measured using intramuscular and surface recordings of the transversus abdominis (TrA), obliquus internus abdominis (OI), obliquus externus abdominis (OE), lumbar multifidus (LM) and lumbar erector spinae (LES) muscles. A single exercise session with the device led to significantly (main effect of time: P = 0...
September 2, 2018: Gait & Posture
Simon M Rosalie, James M Malone
In 2018, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile introduced the halo frontal cockpit protection system into Formula 1. While extensive testing was conducted to confirm that the halo protects the driver from contact, the halo's effect on the driver during overtaking was not tested prior to its introduction. Here, we describe the effect of a halo-type structure on the neck muscle activity of one of the authors, a national-level amateur racing driver, during on-track simulations designed to practise overtaking...
September 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Ki Jinn Chin, Stephen Lewis
STUDY DESIGN: A case report. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the use of erector spinae plane (ESP) blocks as part of an opioid-free multimodal anesthetic regimen and its impact on postoperative pain and opioid requirements following spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Posterior spinal fusion surgery is highly painful and usually requires significant amounts of opioids for adequate perioperative analgesia; this is commonly associated with adverse effects, including opioid-induced hyperalgesia, nausea, and ileus...
August 31, 2018: Spine
Yong Zhang, Zhuang Zhou, Chao Wang, Xiaoguang Cheng, Ling Wang, Yangyang Duanmu, Chenxin Zhang, Nicola Veronese, Giuseppe Guglielmi
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the reliability of measuring the fat content of the lumbar vertebral marrow and the paraspinal muscles using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) mDIXON-Quant sequence. METHODS: Thirty-one healthy volunteers were included. All participants underwent liver mDIXON-Quant imaging on a 3.0 T Philips MRI scanner by observer A. Within two weeks, observer B repeated the scan. After the examination, each observer independently measured the fat content of the third lumbar vertebra (L3), and the psoas (PS), erector spinae (ES), and multifidus (MF) muscles on central L3 axial images...
September 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Maud Creze, Marc Soubeyrand, Krystel Nyangoh Timoh, Olivier Gagey
PURPOSE: The thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) and the erector spinae aponeurosis (ESA) play significant roles in the biomechanics of the spine and could be a source of low back pain. Attachment, collagen fiber direction, size and biomechanical properties of the TLF have been well documented. However, questions remain about the attachment of the TLF and ESA in relation to adjoining tissues in the lumbosacral region. Moreover, quantitative data in relation to the ESA have rarely been examined...
August 31, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Hesham Elsharkawy, Robert Maniker, Robert Bolash, Prathima Kalasbail, Richard L Drake, Nabil Elkassabany
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fascial plane blocks are rapidly emerging to provide safe, feasible alternatives to epidural analgesia for thoracic and abdominal pain. We define a new option for chest wall and upper abdominal analgesia, termed the rhomboid intercostal and subserratus plane (RISS) block. The RISS tissue plane extends deep to the erector spinae muscle medially and deep to the serratus anterior muscle laterally. We describe a 2-part proof-of-concept study to validate the RISS block, including a cadaveric study to evaluate injectate spread and a retrospective case series to assess dermatomal coverage and analgesic efficacy...
August 30, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Neeeraj Kumar Chaudhary, Swati Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Abhijit S Nair, Suresh Seelam, Vibhavari Naik, Basanth K Rayani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
E Vidal, H Giménez, M Forero, M Fajardo
INTRODUCTION: The erector spinae plane (ESP) block is a novel technique for the treatment of acute and chronic pain. Its mechanism and site of action has not yet been explained properly. OBJECTIVES: In order to explain the mechanism of action of the ESP block, injections were performed with methylene blue to simulate the local anaesthetics and to determine its distribution from the anterior side of the thorax. To find an aperture or channel through which the local anaesthetic passes from posterior to anterior through the muscular and bone structures...
August 27, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
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