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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231142/a-rapid-colorimetric-method-reveals-fraudulent-substitutions-in-sea-urchin-roe-marketed-in-sardinia-italy
#1
Domenico Meloni, Antonio Spina, Gianluca Satta, Vittorio Chessa
In recent years, besides the consumption of fresh sea urchin specimens, the demand of minimally-processed roe has grown considerably. This product has made frequent consumption in restaurants possible and frauds are becoming widespread with the partial replacement of sea urchin roe with surrogates that are similar in colour. One of the main factors that determines the quality of the roe is its colour and small differences in colour scale cannot be easily discerned by the consumers. In this study we have applied a rapid colorimetric method for reveal the fraudulent partial substitution of semi-solid sea urchin roe with liquid egg yolk...
June 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222811/recurring-septic-shock-in-a-patient-with-blunt-abdominal-and-pelvic-trauma-how-mandatory-is-source-control-surgery-a-case-report
#2
Antonella Frattari, Giustino Parruti, Rocco Erasmo, Luigi Guerra, Ennio Polilli, Rosamaria Zocaro, Giuliano Iervese, Paolo Fazii, Tullio Spina
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients with colonization/infection of multidrug-resistant organisms, source control surgery is one of the major determinants of clinical success. In more complex cases, the use of different tools for sepsis management may allow survival until complete source control. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old white man presented with traumatic hemorrhagic shock. Unstable pelvic fractures led to emergency stabilization surgery. Fever ensued with diarrhea, followed by septic shock...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222482/functional-reconstitution-of-the-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-long-chain-acyl-coa-carboxylase-from-multiple-acyl-coa-subunits
#3
Bernardo Bazet Lyonnet, Lautaro Diacovich, Gabriela Gago, Lucie Spina, Fabienne Bardou, Anne Lemassu, Annaïk Quémard, Hugo Gramajo
Mycobacterium tuberculosis produces a large number of structurally diverse lipids that have been implicated in the pathogenicity, persistence and antibiotic resistance of this organism. Most building blocks involved in the biosynthesis of all these lipids are generated by acyl-CoA carboxylases (ACCase) whose subunit composition and physiological roles have not yet been clearly established. A rather controversial data in the literature refers to the exact protein composition and substrate specificity of the enzyme complex that produces the long-chain α-carboxy-acyl-CoAs; one of the substrates involved in the last step of condensation mediated by the polyketide synthase Pks13 to synthesize mature mycolic acids...
February 21, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219694/lenalidomide-maintenance-in-patients-with-relapsed-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-who-are-not-eligible-for-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-an-open-label-single-arm-multicentre-phase-2-trial
#4
Andrés J M Ferreri, Marianna Sassone, Francesco Zaja, Alessandro Re, Michele Spina, Alice Di Rocco, Alberto Fabbri, Caterina Stelitano, Maurizio Frezzato, Chiara Rusconi, Renato Zambello, Suzana Couto, Yan Ren, Annalisa Arcari, Giovanni Bertoldero, Alessandro Nonis, Lydia Scarfò, Teresa Calimeri, Caterina Cecchetti, Marianna Chiozzotto, Silvia Govi, Maurilio Ponzoni
BACKGROUND: Patients with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) not eligible for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) or having relapse after ASCT have a low likelihood of cure. Single-drug maintenance after salvage therapy might be an attractive strategy to prolong survival in these patients. Lenalidomide is a suitable candidate for long-lasting maintenance as it is an oral drug, active against DLBCL that can be taken for years with an acceptable toxicity profile. We designed a study to investigate safety and efficacy of lenalidomide maintenance in patients with chemosensitive relapse of DLBCL not eligible for ASCT or having relapse after ASCT...
February 16, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217415/muscle-activation-patterns-during-suspension-training-exercises
#5
Sean Harris, Elise Ruffin, Wayne Brewer, Alexis Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Suspension training (ST) has been utilized over exercises performed on a stable surface to train multiple muscle groups simultaneously to increase muscle activation and joint stability. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether ST augments muscle activation compared to similar exercises performed on a stable surface. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Twenty-five healthy adults (male: 16; women: 9; BMI: 23...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216397/gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-low-grade-gliomas-clinical-results-at-long-term-follow-up-on-tumor-control-and-patients-quality-of-life
#6
Filippo Gagliardi, Michele Bailo, Alfio Spina, Carmine A Donofrio, Nicola Boari, Alberto Franzin, Arianna Fava, Antonella Del Vecchio, Angelo Bolognesi, Pietro Mortini
OBJECT: Surgery represents first-line therapy for low-grade gliomas (LGGs), in some cases followed by radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy. Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has gained more relevance in the management of these tumors. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of GKRS for the treatment of LGGs. METHODS: Forty-two treatments, performed between 2001 and 2014 on 39 patients harboring LGGs, were included. Forty-eight percent of patients underwent previous surgery, while 20...
February 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213192/trans-frontal-sinus-subcranial-approach-to-olfactory-groove-meningiomas-surgical-results-clinical-and-functional-outcome-in-a-consecutive-series-of-21-patients
#7
Lina Raffaella Barzaghi, Alfio Spina, Filippo Gagliardi, Nicola Boari, Pietro Mortini
BACKGROUND: The trans-frontal-sinus-subcranial approach (TFSSA) allows for direct exposure and removal of olfactory groove meningiomas (OGMs), without any brain retraction. Compared to other skull base approaches (like fronto-orbito-basal, transbasal, subcranial, fronto-orbito-zygomatic and one-and-half approach), it could offer the same advantages but it is less invasive. OBJECT: We report the results in a series of 21 consecutive patients harboring OGMs and operated through TFSSA, in order to propose a viable alternative approach...
February 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207652/the-erector-spinae-plane-block
#8
Duncan L Hamilton, Baskar Manickam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203765/erector-spinae-plane-block-for-pain-relief-in-rib-fractures
#9
D L Hamilton, B Manickam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201864/recurrent-contrast-induced-encephalopathy-following-coronary-angiography
#10
Roberto Spina, Neil Simon, Romesh Markus, David W M Muller, Krishna Kathir
Contrast-induced encephalopathy (CIE) is an acute and reversible neurological disturbance associated with the intra-arterial administration of iodinated contrast medium during cardiac catheterisation. It may manifest with encephalopathy, motor and sensory disturbances; vision disturbances, including cortical blindness, ophthalmoplegia, aphasia; and seizures. Disruption of the blood-brain barrier and direct neuronal toxicity are believed to be implicated in the pathophysiology of the syndrome. Symptoms appear soon after contrast administration and resolve completely within 24-48 h...
February 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195934/muscle-activation-differs-between-partial-and-full-back-squat-exercise-with-external-load-equated
#11
Josinaldo Jarbas da Silva, Brad Jon Schoenfeld, Priscyla Nardi Marchetti, Silvio Luis Pecoraro, Julia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Paulo Henrique Marchetti
Changes in range of motion affect the magnitude of the load during the squat exercise and, consequently may influence muscle activation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate muscle activation between the partial and full back squat exercise with external load equated on a relative basis between conditions. Fifteen young, healthy, resistance trained men (age: 26±5 years, height: 173±6 cm) performed a back squat at their 10 repetition maximum using two different ranges of motion (partial and full) in a randomized, counterbalanced fashion...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195247/type-ii-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation-associated-with-intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-classification-criteria
#12
M G Mastrogiulio, A Barone, M G Disanto, A Ginori, M R Ambrosio, S F Carbone, D Spina
Pulmonary congenital abnormalities are rare disorders including congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) and pulmonary sequestration (PS). CPAM is a lesion characterized by the presence of anomalous bronchiolar or acinar structures, variable in size, either cystic or not cystic. PS is generally defined as nonfunctioning lung tissue that is not in normal continuity with the tracheobronchial tree and that derives its blood supply from systemic vessels. We describe a case of a baby girl with a very rare association between CPAM type 2 and intralobar pulmonary sequestration (IPS) focusing on the cystic lesions typical of CPAM and on the lymphatic and blood vessels...
March 2016: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194659/activity-of-erector-spinae-during-trunk-forward-bending-and-backward-return-the-effects-of-age
#13
Iman Shojaei, Babak Bazrgari
Electromyography (EMG)-based measures of the trunk muscles behavior have been used for objective assessment of biomechanical impairments in patients with low back pain (LBP); yet the literature on normal age-related differences in such measures is scant. A cross-sectional study was designed to assess age-related differences in activity of trunk extensors during forward bending and backward return. Sixty asymptomatic individuals were recruited to form five gender-balanced age groups between 20 and 70 years old...
February 13, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191453/anti-tnf-mediated-modulation-of-prohepcidin-improves-iron-availability-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-an-il-6-mediated-fashion
#14
Flaminia Cavallaro, Lorena Duca, Laura Francesca Pisani, Roberta Rigolini, Luisa Spina, Gian Eugenio Tontini, Nadia Munizio, Elena Costa, Maria Domenica Cappellini, Maurizio Vecchi, Luca Pastorelli
Background. Anaemia is common in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), frequently resulting from a combination of iron deficiency and of anaemia of chronic disease (ACD). ACD is characterized by macrophage iron retention induced by proinflammatory cytokines. Hepcidin is the master inducer of iron accumulation during ACD, and its production is mainly regulated by IL-6 and the novel erythroid hormone erythroferrone (ERFE). This study evaluates whether anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies therapy modurates hepcidin production and the levels of its main regulators, leading to a restoration of iron homeostasis...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188621/the-analgesic-efficacy-of-pre-operative-bilateral-erector-spinae-plane-esp-blocks-in-patients-having-ventral-hernia-repair
#15
K J Chin, S Adhikary, N Sarwani, M Forero
Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair is an operation associated with significant postoperative pain, and regional anaesthetic techniques are of potential benefit. The erector spinae plane (ESP) block performed at the level of the T5 transverse process has recently been described for thoracic surgery, and we hypothesised that performing the ESP block at a lower vertebral level would provide effective abdominal analgesia. We performed pre-operative bilateral ESP blocks with 20-30 ml ropivacaine 0.5% at the level of the T7 transverse process in four patients undergoing laparoscopic ventral hernia repair...
February 11, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188611/the-erector-spinae-plane-block-plane-and-simple
#16
EDITORIAL
K El-Boghdadly, A Pawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176507/skin-to-skin-contact-an-easy-implemented-intervention-to-reduce-perinatal-complications-and-pain-perception-in-a-rural-african-community
#17
Pietro Ferrara, Giulia Spina, Costanza Cutrona, Valerio Romano, Laura Andrissi, Francesca Farchi, Massimo Ciccozzi, Giovanni Mottini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174462/activation-of-back-and-lower-limb-muscles-during-squat-exercises-with-different-trunk-flexion
#18
Tae-Sik Lee, Min-Young Song, Yu-Jeong Kwon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the activation of back and lower limb muscles in subjects who were performing a squat exercise at different angles of trunk flexion. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy subjects (age 21.1± 1.8 years, height 168.7 ± 8.2 cm, weight 66.1 ± 12.3 kg) volunteered. The activation of the erector spinae muscle, rectus femoris muscle, gluteus maximus muscle and biceps femoris muscle was observed while the subjects performed squat exercises with a trunk flexion of 0°, 15°, and 30°...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174437/the-effects-of-a-pelvic-belt-on-trunk-and-lower-extremity-muscles-in-the-bridge-position
#19
Hyun-Gyu Cha, Yan-Ting Wu, Myoung-Kwon Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a pelvic belt on the activities of trunk and lower extremity muscles in normal adults. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 20 normal individuals without a history of orthopedic problems. The pelvic compression belt (The Com-Pressor, OPTP, Minneapolis, MN, USA) was an adjustable body belt with four elastic compression bands that provide stabilizing pressure and was designed to adjust the amount of force applied and to alter sites of compression...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171779/trunk-muscle-activity-during-different-variations-of-the-supine-plank-exercise
#20
Joaquin Calatayud, Jose Casaña, Fernando Martín, Markus D Jakobsen, Juan C Colado, Pedro Gargallo, Álvaro Juesas, Víctor Muñoz, Lars L Andersen
BACKGROUND: Exercises providing neuromuscular challenges of the spinal muscles are desired for core stability, which is important for workers with heavy manual labour as well as people recovering from back pain. PURPOSE: This study evaluated whether using a suspended modality increases trunk muscle activity during unilateral or bilateral isometric supine planks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Twenty university students participated in this cross-sectional study...
January 31, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
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