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O Selvi, S Tulgar
Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) as postoperative analgesia method has been successfully carried out in several surgical interventions. Postoperative pain treatment for cesarean section is considered one of the important challenges for anesthesiologists due to the risk of chronic pain development and even pospartum depression. Regional anesthesia techniques were effectively used to prevent the pain together with multimodal analgesia regimes in cesarean section. Formerly, successful erector spinae plane block was documented as postoperative analgesia treatment for cesarean section; however, no motor weakness was recorded as a side effect...
July 9, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Alessandro De Cassai, Alberto Marchet, Carlo Ori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Ali Ahiskalioglu, Abdullah Osman Kocak, Omer Doymus, Emre Sengun, Mine Celik, Haci Ahmet Alici
Plane blocks have become very popular in recent years with the introduction of ultrasonography into the regional anesthesia and algology practice. Ultrasound guided erector spinae plane (ESP) block was first described in 2016. ESP block involves injection of local anesthetics between erector spinae muscles and transverse process of thoracic or lumbar vertebrae and can block the dorsal and ventral rami of thoracolumbar spinal nerves. ESP block has been successfully reported to relieve the pain of multiple rib fracture in the emergency department (ED)...
June 30, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yavuz Gürkan, Can Aksu, Alparslan Kuş, Ufuk H Yörükoğlu, Cennet T Kılıç
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic effect of ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane (ESP) block in breast cancer surgery. DESIGN: Randomized controlled, single-blinded trial. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Fifty ASA I-II patients aged 25-65 and scheduled for elective breast cancer surgery were included in the study. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized into two groups, ESP and control...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Valerio Gaetano Vellone, Emanuele Cozzani, Leonardo Peñuela, Roberto Russo, Bruno Spina, Carlo Toncini, Carlo Terrone, Aurora Parodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Rafael Menezes-Reis, Gustavo Perazzoli Bonugli, Carlos Ernesto Garrido Salmon, Debora Mazoroski, Carlos Fernando Pereira da Silva Herrero, Marcello Henrique Nogueira-Barbosa
Fat infiltration and atrophy of lumbar muscles are related to spinal degenerative conditions and may cause functional deficits. Spinal alignment exerts biomechanical influence on lumbar intervertebral discs and joints. Our objective was to evaluate if spinopelvic parameters correlate with the lumbar muscle volume and fat infiltration. This is an observational, prospective and cross-sectional study. Ninety-three asymptomatic adult aged 20-40 years were included. Lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), thoracolumbar alignment (TL), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), C2-pelvic angle (CPA), spinosacral angle (SSA), lack of lordosis (PI-LL), L1S1 and T1S1 length were measured on panoramic spine radiographs...
2018: PloS One
Jacques Abboud, Catherine Daneau, François Nougarou, Claude Dugas, Martin Descarreaux
INTRODUCTION: In complex anatomical systems, such as the trunk, motor control theories suggest that many motor solutions can be implemented to achieve a similar goal. While reflex mechanisms act as a stabilizer of the spine, how the central nervous system uses the trunk redundancy to adapt the neuromuscular responses under the influence of external perturbations, such as experimental pain or spinal tissue creep is still unclear. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize trunk neuromuscular adaptations in response to unexpected trunk perturbations under the influence of spinal tissue creep and experimental back pain...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
Federica Spina, Valeria Tigini, Alice Romagnolo, Giovanna Cristina Varese
Autochthonous fungi from contaminated wastewater are potential successful agents bioremediation thanks to their adaptation to pollutant toxicity and to competition with other microorganisms present in wastewater treatment plant. Biological treatment by means of selected fungal strains could be a potential tool to integrate the leachate depuration process, thanks to their fungal extracellular enzymes with non-selective catalytical activity. In the present work, the treatability of two real samples (a crude landfill leachate and the effluent coming from a traditional wastewater treatment plant) was investigated in decolorization experiments with fungal biomasses...
July 4, 2018: Life
Tengche Qi, Chunnan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of rehabilitation training (RT) combined with intradermal needling, RT combined with acupuncture and RT alone on core muscle stability in children with cerebral palsy, and to explore the superior therapy to improve core muscle stability in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A total of 120 children with cerebral palsy aged from 2 to 4 years old were randomly divided into a RT and intradermal needling group (group A), a RT and acupuncture group (group B) and a RT group (group C), 40 cases in each one...
June 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Swati Singh, Neeraj K Chaudhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Madison R Bishop, Amit Shah, Melissa Shively, Anna L W Huskey, Sophonie M Omeler, Erin P Bilgili, Ebony Jackson, Kathleen Daniell, Elizabeth Stallworth, Stephanie Spina, Kasey Shepp, Sydney Bergstresser, Amber Davis, Holly Dean, Jantunn Gibson, Brandon Johnson, Nancy D Merner
BACKGROUND: Historically, groups that are most susceptible to health and healthcare disparities have been underrepresented in medical research. It is imperative to explore approaches that can facilitate the recruitment of underrepresented individuals into research studies. METHODS: Two approaches, hospital and community-based recruitment (CBR), were developed and implemented over 36 months to study the genetics of hereditary breast cancer and associated cancers in Alabama, a medically underserved state with double the national percentage of self-identifying African Americans, establishing the Alabama Hereditary Cancer Cohort...
July 1, 2018: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
Ram Haddas, Isador Lieberman, Akwasi Boah, Raj Arakal, Theodore Belanger, Kevin L Ju
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: Quantify the amount of sway associated with maintaining a balanced posture in a group of untreated cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Balance is defined as the ability of the human body to maintain its center of mass (COM) within the base of support with minimal postural sway. Sway is the movement of the COM in the horizontal plane when a person is standing in a static position...
June 28, 2018: Spine
Won Sung, Ardy Wong, Ahmad Pourshogi, Kambiz Pourrezaei, Sheri Silfies
BACKGROUND: Lumbar multifidus impairments are associated with low back pain (LBP), with sustained impairments thought to contribute to recurrence and chronicity of pain. Ability to regain muscle function can be challenging. While neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may aid in muscle function recovery, validity of its ability to selectively recruit the lumbar multifidus and provide adequate dosage for muscle overload has not been demonstrated. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can be used to determine muscle selectivity and overload during NMES and offers advantages over electromyography (EMG), which is affected by electrical interference...
June 28, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
D Formica, J Sultana, P M Cutroneo, S Lucchesi, R Angelica, S Crisafulli, Y Ingrasciotta, F Salvo, E Spina, G Trifirò
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. They are associated with healthcare costs due to hospital admissions or prolonged length of stay (LOS), as well as additional interventions. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of observational studies to evaluate the economic impact of preventable ADRs. Areas covered: Published observational research investigating the cost of preventable ADRs in Western countries (limited to the US and European countries)...
June 28, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Yuko Takahashi, Takehiko Yamaji
[Purpose] To clarify the relationship between asymmetric trunk flexion movement and erector spinae (ES) muscle activity using a three-dimensional motion analysis system and surface electromyography. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects comprised 14 healthy individuals. Angles of trunk flexion, rotation, and side bending were measured using a three-dimensional motion analysis system attached to the trunk and pelvic segment. Activities of the ES muscle on both sides at the L1 and L4 levels were measured using surface electromyography...
June 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Mohammad Pouretezad, Reza Salehi, Hossein Negahban, Mohammad Jafar Shaterzaedeh Yazdi, Mohammad Mehravar
[Purpose] The objective of this research was to examine the impact of cognitive load on the flexion relaxation phenomenon (FRP) during trunk flexion and return from flexion task. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-two healthy subjects (18 males, 4 females) participated in the study. Each participant was exposed to 3 experimental conditions: no cognitive task, easy cognitive task and difficult cognitive task. Surface electromyography was used to measure lumbar erector spinae muscles activity level. Flexion relaxation ratio (FRR) was compared in order to assess the differences between the three experimental conditions during flexion and extension (FLX FRR and EXT FRR)...
June 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Ayed O Ayed, Annalisa Chiappella, Levi Pederson, Betsy R Laplant, Angela Giovanna Congiu, Gianluca Gaidano, Michele Spina, Alessandro Re, Federica Cavallo, Gerardo Musuraca, William R Macon, Thomas Witzig, Umberto Vitolo, Grzegorz S Nowakowski
Central nervous system (CNS) relapse of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a devastating event occurring in ~ 5% of patients treated with R-CHOP. We hypothesized that adding lenalidomide to R-CHOP (R2CHOP) may decrease the risk of CNS relapse. We analyzed records for patients with DLBCL from two R2CHOP trials. We assessed variables pertinent to the CNS-International Prognostic Index (CNS-IPI) scoring system and classified patients into groups of low, intermediate, and high risk of CNS relapse. The 2-year CNS relapse rate for each risk group was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with reported rates in cohorts treated with contemporary chemoimmunotherapy...
June 26, 2018: Blood Cancer Journal
Fu-Hui Dong
The miminally-invasive techniques of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) uses different types of acupuncture needles to treat diseased locations with special techniques. These techniques include different methods of insertion and closed incision (press cutting, sliding cutting, scrape cutting, etc.). This needling technique is based on the traditional Chinese medicine theories of Pi Bu (cutaneous), Jing Jin (sinew), Jing Luo (meridian), Wu Ti (five body structure components) and Zang Fu (organ system). Commonly used needles include: needle Dao , needle with edge, Pi needle, Shui needle, Ren needle, Gou needle, Chang Yuan needle, Bo needle and so on...
June 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Mohammad Fazle Rabbi, Kamarul Hawari Ghazali, Izzeldin I Mohd, Mahdi Alqahtani, Omar Altwijri, Nizam Uddin Ahamed
This study aimed to investigate the electrical activity of two muscles located at the dorsal surface during Islamic prayer (Salat). Specifically, the electromyography (EMG) activity of the erector spinae and trapezius muscles during four positions observed while performing Salat, namely standing, bowing, sitting and prostration, were investigated. Seven adult subjects with an average age of 28.1 (± 3.8) years were included in the study. EMG data were obtained from their trapezius and erector spinae muscles while the subjects maintained the specific positions of Salat...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Gianluca Trifirò, Ilaria Marcianò, Paola M Cutroneo, Edoardo Spina, Eliana Mirabelli, Costantino J Trombetta, Francesca Morgante
In November 2012, a 72-year old patient was diagnosed with left eye wet age-related macular degeneration. The patient received three monthly intravitreal injections of ranibizumab, with complete resolution of retinal hemorrhage and edema and reinstatement of visual acuity. In May 2015, symptomatic relapse was detected. The patient was again treated with intravitreal ranibizumab, with overall six injections till the end of February 2016. In May 2016, the patient complained of left hand resting tremor, bradykinesia, and postural rigidity of head and trunk...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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