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Congenital + dislocation

Eugene T H Ek, Sophia K Paul, Robert N Hotchkiss
BACKGROUND: The role of elbow contracture release in the very young is unclear, with existing studies reporting conflicting results. This study evaluated the long-term results after open elbow contracture release in patients aged younger than 18 years. METHODS: Between 1994 and 2012, 32 patients underwent open elbow contracture release at a mean age of 13.8 years (range, 5-18 years), and their outcomes were reviewed. The primary cause was traumatic in 30 patients (4 radial head/neck fractures, 5 intra-articular distal humeral fractures, 11 extra-articular distal humeral fractures, 10 complex fracture-dislocations), and the mean time from the index injury to contracture release was 16...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Gianina Ravenscroft, Nataliya Di Donato, Gabriele Hahn, Mark R Davis, Paul D Craven, Gemma Poke, Katherine R Neas, Teresa M Neuhann, William B Dobyns, Nigel G Laing
Autosomal dominantly inherited mutations of BICD2 are associated with congenital-onset spinal muscular atrophy characterised by lower limb predominance. A few cases have also showed upper motor neuron pathology, including presenting with features resembling hereditary spastic paraplegia. The age-of-onset for the published families is usually at birth but also included cases with childhood- and adult-onset disease. In this report we described two isolated probands that presented in utero with features associated with reduced fetal movements...
September 19, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
M Javed Shaikh, C Rex, R Vignesh, Madhav Chavan
INTRODUCTION: Congenital insensitivity to pain (CIP) is a rare disorder, and often presents to an orthopaedic surgeon as recurrent fractures, dislocations, pseudoarthrosis, osteomyelitis etc. Here, we report a case of congenital insensitivity to pain presenting with distal femoral physeal separation in a child. CASE REPORT: A 12-year-old girl child came with complaints of limp while walking and swelling in the left knee for past 5 weeks. Mother gave a history that the girl is a known case of congenital insensitivity to pain with clear history of no pain on intramuscular injection since birth...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
V Selimi, O Heang, Y Kim, E Woelber, J Gollogly
BACKGROUND: Chronically dislocated hips (>6 weeks) are usually the consequence of difficulties accessing appropriate healthcare in a timely fashion after dislocation; this explains why they are more common in developing countries. Due to a lack of research, there is currently no consensus on the best treatment available for patients presenting with this condition. Therefore, it is important to assess the treatments available so as to ensure that doctors adequately manage those presenting with this debilitating condition in the future...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
Mark Eidelman, Julio J Jauregui, Shawn C Standard, Dror Paley, John E Herzenberg
BACKGROUND: Congenital femoral deficiency (CFD) is one of the most challenging and complex conditions for limb lengthening. We focused on the problem of hip instability during femoral lengthening because subluxation and dislocation are potentially catastrophic for hip function. METHODS: We assessed for hip stability in 69 children (91 femoral lengthenings) who had CFD Paley type 1a (43 children) and 1b (26 children). The mean age at first lengthening was 6.4 years...
September 27, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Adam D Glener, Brad Gandolfi, Mihir J Desai, David S Ruch
Congenital radial head dislocations are rare, and presentation with late complications is even less common. We present a case of a patient who presented with symptoms and findings of proximal median nerve compression secondary to large osteophytes associated with untreated congenital radial head dislocations.
September 20, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
C Druschel, K Heck, C Kraft, R Placzek
OBJECTIVE: PemberSal osteotomy to improve femoral head coverage by rotating the acetabular roof ventrally and laterally. INDICATIONS: Insufficient coverage of the femoral head, and can be combined with other surgical procedures such as femoral intertrochanteric varus-derotation osteotomy and open reduction for developmental dysplasia and dislocation of the hip or to improve sphericity and containment in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. This specific acetabuloplasty can only be performed in patients with an open epiphyseal growth-plate...
September 14, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Sebastian Farr, Gabriel Mindler, Rudolf Ganger, Werner Girsch
➤Bone lengthening has been used successfully for several congenital and acquired conditions in the pediatric clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna, and phalanges.➤Common indications for bone lengthening include achondroplasia, radial longitudinal deficiency, multiple hereditary exostosis, brachymetacarpia, symbrachydactyly, and posttraumatic and postinfectious growth arrest.➤Most authors prefer distraction rates of <1 mm/day for each bone in the upper extremity except the humerus, which can safely be lengthened by 1 mm/day...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Goo Hyun Baek, Jihyeung Kim
BACKGROUND: Oligodactyly of the hand is one of the rarest congenital anomalies of upper extremities and defined as the presence of fewer than five fingers on a hand. Although it usually occurs in association with hypoplasia or absence of ulna, it can occur without abnormality of the forearm bones. The purpose of this study is to present clinical features and radiographic characteristics of hand oligodactyly with thumb. METHODS: Five patients of oligodactyly with thumb who showed normal forearm bones, were evaluated...
October 2016: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol
Vaibhavi A Sonetha, Jayesh R Bellare
An occlusion device is placed in an abnormal opening of the heart or its surrounding vessels to regain normal blood flow. There are various occlusion devices available for treatment of various congenital heart defects like PDA, ASD, etc. However, they have limitations like residual shunting, erosion of tissue, displacement and breakage of device, thrombus formation and sudden death. To improve efficiency and to reduce failure of occlusion devices, it is important to simulate blood flow through defect before and after placement of device...
August 23, 2016: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Naoshige Iida, Ayako Watanabe
Bandoh reported the 3-square-flap method as a procedure for interdigital space reconstruction in patients with minor syndactyly. We recently modified this flap design so that it could be used in the treatment of toe syndactyly involving fusion of the areas distal to the proximal interphalangeal joint. With our method, the reconstructed interdigital space consists of 4 oblong flaps (A through D). Flaps A and D are designed on the dorsal side, flap B is designed on the frontal plane of the interdigital space, and flap C is designed on the plantar side...
July 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Jayesh Sardhara, Sindgikar Pavaman, Kuntal Das, Arun Srivastava, Anant Mehrotra, Sanjay Behari
BACKGROUND: Congenital spondylolytic spondylolisthesis of C2 vertebra resulting from deficient posterior element of the axis is very rarely described in the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe a unique case of agenesis of posterior elements of C2 with cranio-vertebral junction anomalies consist of osseous, vascular and soft tissue anomalies. A young 26 year old young man presented with symptoms of upper cervical myelopathy of 12 months duration. CT scan of the cervical spine including the craniovertebral junction revealed spondylolisthesis of C2 over C3, atlanto axial dislocation, occipitalisation of atlas, hypoplasia of the odontoid and cleft posterior C1 arch...
August 12, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Pravin Salunke, Sushanta K Sahoo, Arsikere N Deepak, N K Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: The C1-2 joint has multiple degrees of freedom of movement and C1-2 dislocation (AAD) is often multiplanar. The existing methodology to assess the dislocation is limited to few planes. The object of this manuscript is to redefine and objectively assess congenital AAD in each possible plane, pre and postoperatively. METHODS: Study consisted of 95 patients of irreducible CongenitalAAD operated by posterior approach alone. Preoperative and postoperative CT imaging was studied in axial, coronal and sagittal planes...
August 8, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Vanessa van der Linden, Epitacio Leite Rolim Filho, Otavio Gomes Lins, Ana van der Linden, Maria de Fátima Viana Vasco Aragão, Alessandra Mertens Brainer-Lima, Danielle Di Cavalcanti Sousa Cruz, Maria Angela Wanderley Rocha, Paula Fabiana Sobral da Silva, Maria Durce Costa Gomes Carvalho, Fernando José do Amaral, Joelma Arruda Gomes, Igor Colaço Ribeiro de Medeiros, Camila V Ventura, Regina Coeli Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, radiological, and electromyographic features in a series of children with joint contractures (arthrogryposis) associated with congenital infection presumably caused by Zika virus. DESIGN: Retrospective case series study. SETTING: Association for Assistance of Disabled Children, Pernambuco state, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Seven children with arthrogryposis and a diagnosis of congenital infection presumably caused by Zika virus during the Brazilian microcephaly epidemic...
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
N H Wadia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: National Medical Journal of India
Yi-Heng Yin, Guang-Yu Qiao, Xin-Guang Yu
OBJECTIVE: To introduce and assess a surgical treatment of occipitocervical (OC) dislocation with atlas assimilation and Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) using occipitalized C1 lateral mass and C2 fixation and reduction technique METHODS: From January 2007 to August 2013, 58 symptomatic patients with OC dislocation and KFS of C2-3 congenital fusion and atlas assimilation were surgically treated in our institution via this technique. After opening the C1-2 facet joints via posterior approach, OC reduction was conducted by intraoperative manipulation and C1 lateral mass and C2 pedicle screw and rod fixation...
July 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Germano de Lelis Bezerra Júnior, Leonardo de Freitas Silva, Gabriel Gomes Pimentel, José Rodrigues Laureano Filho, Renato Luiz Maia Nogueira
The thyroglossal duct cyst is the neck congenital abnormality most common in the childhood. Clinically, it shows itself as a solitary neck mass in the region of hyoid bone, it is painless and can be dislocated during de physical examination and tongue protrusion. The most common treatment is its removal through the Sistrunk technique. Patient with diagnosis of thyroglossal duct cyst in neck region with extension to the mouth floor was treated by total surgical removal through intraoral access. The intraoral approach to the treatment of the thyroglossal duct cyst showed itself practicable and permitted the total removal of the lesion with no recurrence signs...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Alexandru Ulici, Ana-Maria Dulea, Iulia Tevanov, Gabi Sterian, Radu Balanescu
INTRODUCTION: development dysplasia of the hip is one of the common disorders in pediatric orthopaedics. This requires an early orthopaedic treatment. Neglected cases can lead to hip dislocation, which has an incidence of 1.4 / mille new-borns, being bilateral in 70-80% of cases and prevalence of girls being 7 / 1-4 / 1 (girls / boys). Congenital hip dislocation requires a complex surgical and orthopaedic treatment. In most cases develop hip osteoarthritis in adulthood, requiring total hip replacement...
May 2016: Chirurgia
Kohei Kanaya, Kousuke Iba, Toshihiko Yamashita
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to observe the long-term and chronologic changes in clinical and radiologic findings after a free vascularized adipofascial graft interposition with radial osteotomy for congenital proximal radioulnar synostosis (PRUS). METHODS: Six forearms in 4 patients with congenital PRUS who underwent a free vascularized adipofascial graft interposition combined with radial osteotomy were followed up for an average of 10 years (8-12 years) postoperatively...
August 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
A Schulze, M Tingart
The prevalence of congenital hip dysplasia in Germany is 2-4 % and that of hip dislocation is 0.5-1 %. If early therapy is not successful or the hip dysplasia or dislocation is diagnosed too late (children of over 1 year of age) surgical treatment is indicated to increase the femoral coverage. The innominate osteotomy, published by Robert B. Salter 1961, is a worldwide established technique to improve the lateral and ventral coverage of the femoral head in primary or secondary hip dysplasia or dislocation...
August 2016: Der Orthopäde
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