keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Congenital + dislocation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920487/unilateral-dislocation-of-the-posterior-tibialis-tendon-ptt-and-flexor-digitorum-longus-tendon-with-contralateral-ptt-subluxation-in-a-patient-with-congenitally-shallow-flexor-groove
#1
Jacob E Waldron, Andrew S Bernhardson, Todd A Fellars
INTRODUCTION: Flexor tendon dislocation from the flexor tendon groove posterior of the medial malleolus has been previously described, and may be difficult to diagnose initially, but is amendable to surgical treatment with good outcomes. We present a unique case of unilateral dislocation of the posterior tibialis and flexor digitorum longus tendons with contralateral flexor digitorum longus subluxation that was treated surgically with a good outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old active duty male sustained a dislocation and subluxation of the flexor tendons bilaterally after a forced dorsiflexion injury...
October 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774369/-unusual-facies-with-delayed-development-and-multiple-malformations-in-a-14-month-old-boy
#2
Tong Lu, Yi Wang
Schinzel-Giedion syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease and has the clinical features of severe delayed development, unusual facies, and multiple congenital malformations. In this case report, a 14-month-old boy had the clinical manifestations of delayed development, unusual facies (prominent forehead, midface retraction, hypertelorism, low-set ears, upturned nose, and micrognathia), and multiple congenital malformations (including cerebral dysplasia, dislocation of the hip joint, and cryptorchidism)...
August 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760130/neglected-bilateral-congenital-dislocation-of-the-patella
#3
Mehmet Ali Tokgöz, Ali Turgay Çavuşoğlu, Tacettin Ayanoğlu, Tarık Elma, Abdurrahman Vural
Congenital dislocation of the patella is a disorder that presents with dysfunction in extensor mechanism. Although congenital dislocation of the patella mostly occurs in children with genetic disorders, it may also occur in totally healthy children, despite rarely. In this article, we report a 16-year-old male patient who referred to our clinic with complaints of gait disturbance, frequent falls, and muscular weakness in lower extremity. The patient had no complaints during walking, but had difficulty in running and walking up and down the stairs...
August 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746174/traumatic-cataract-in-patient-with-anterior-megalophthalmos-case-report
#4
Edyta Chlasta-Twardzik, Anna Nowińska, Paweł Wąs, Agnieszka Jakubowska, Edward Wylęgała
RATIONALE: Megalophthalmos anterior is a rare, bilateral, nonprogressive, hereditary, congenital disorder, characterized by the enlargement of all anterior segment structures of the eye, with megalocornea, iris atrophy, and zonular abnormalities commonly found. Usually almost asymptomatic in young patients, with most complaints concerning blurred vision due to the common corneal astigmatism, it might in time lead to several complications including premature cataract formation and pigmentary glaucoma...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739045/filamin-b-the-next-hotspot-in-skeletal-research
#5
REVIEW
Qiming Xu, Nan Wu, Lijia Cui, Zhihong Wu, Guixing Qiu
Filamin B (FLNB) is a large dimeric actin-binding protein which crosslinks actin cytoskeleton filaments into a dynamic structure. Up to present, pathogenic mutations in FLNB are solely found to cause skeletal deformities, indicating the important role of FLNB in skeletal development. FLNB-related disorders are classified as spondylocarpotarsal synostosis (SCT), Larsen syndrome (LS), atelosteogenesis (AO), boomerang dysplasia (BD), and isolated congenital talipes equinovarus, presenting with scoliosis, short-limbed dwarfism, clubfoot, joint dislocation and other unique skeletal abnormalities...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728260/-clinical-analysis-of-pacing-therapy-and-treatment-of-complications-during-follow-up-in-children
#6
P J Zhao, Y W Chen, F Li, Y Li, J P Yang, J J Wu
Objective: To analyze characteristics of permanent pacemaker implantation in children as well as treatment and prognosis of complications. Method: Clinical data of children who underwent endocardial or epicardial permanent pacemaker implantation between April 2000 and June 2016 in Shanghai Xinhua Hospital and Shanghai Children's Medical Center were analyzed retrospectively. These patients were discharged 5 days after implantation. Electrocardiogram, chest X ray, echocardiography and pacemaker programming were performed during follow-up...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713667/absent-congenital-cervical-pedicle-nearly-misdiagnosed-as-a-facet-dislocation-a-case-report
#7
Scott Safir, Jonathan Rasouli, Jeremy Steinberger, Branko Skovrlj, Amish Doshi, Konstantinos Margetis, Saadi Ghatan
BACKGROUND: Cervical spinal injury encompasses up to 1.5% of all pediatric injuries. Children, and more specifically infants, are a difficult subset of patients to obtain neurological exam in the setting of trauma, thus necessitating the use of cervical X-rays, CT scans, and MRI imaging. CASE DESCRIPTION: A healthy, 15-month-old boy had an unwitnessed fall down a flight of stairs and received a CT scan of the head and cervical spine in the emergency department due to cephalohematoma and mechanism of injury...
September 2017: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684259/zinner-syndrome-a-diagnostic-challenge-the-aid-of-morphology-embryology-and-immunohistochemistry
#8
Michela Campora, Alberto Olivero, Carlo Toncini, Bruno Spina, Ezio Fulcheri, Carlo Terrone, Valerio Gaetano Vellone
We investigate a patient with right kidney agenesis. Imaging showed the presence of a cystic mass dislocating the bladder. The specimen showed three formations: a kidney remnant, a ureter with blind-ending branch and a cysts, from this departed another tubular structure, considered the deferential duct. The specimen was sampled. The supposed kidney was formed by cystic structures. Examination of the tubular structures disclosed smooth muscle fibers with no lumen, while the cyst was surrounded by fibrous and hemorrhagic walls...
July 3, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614289/mri-in-postreduction-evaluation-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-our-experience
#9
Daniela Dibello, Luca Odoni, Federica Pederiva, Valentina Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is one of the most common congenital defects in the newborn. When its severe form is not corrected, it is associated with long-term morbidity. Closed reduction with casting is the standard primary treatment and reduction is confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We reported our experience on the reliability of MRI in postreduction assessment of DDH. METHODS: All children who underwent closed reduction for Graf type IV DDH at our institution between September 2010 and June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585997/diagnosis-and-management-of-traumatic-patellar-instability-in-the-pediatric-patient
#10
Steven F DeFroda, Joseph A Gil, Alex Boulos, Aristides I Cruz
Instability of the patella is a common cause of knee pain and dysfunction in pediatric and adolescent patients and can be due to several factors. Although some patients will recall a specific traumatic event others may not, requiring the diagnosis to be made on the basis of physical examination and imaging. Congenital dislocation and connective tissue disorders should also be considered, even in the setting of trauma. There are radiographic parameters that may identify causes of instability such as trochlear and patellar abnormalities, and magnetic resonance imaging can identify signs of trauma such as bony edema, loose osteochondral fragments, and increased tibial tubercle-trochlear groove distance...
June 6, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560466/real-life-effectiveness-of-spa-therapy-in-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-a-retrospective-study-of-819-patients
#11
Mine Karagülle, Sinan Kardeş, Müfit Zeki Karagülle
The objective of this study is to determine the use and efficacy of spa therapy in patients with a wide spectrum of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases under real-life clinical practice circumstances. In this retrospective observational study at the Medical Ecology and Hydroclimatology Department of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, the records of all adult patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases who were prescribed a spa therapy in various health resorts in Turkey between 2002 and 2012 were analyzed...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553387/case-of-atlantoaxial-dislocation-with-assimilated-c1-absent-posterior-c2-butterfly-c3-and-fused-subaxial-cervical-spine-management-dilemma-with-multiple-segmentation-and-formation-defects
#12
Arsikere N Deepak, Pravin Salunke, Rajeev P Kamble
Segmentation defects are often seen with congenital atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) though an associated absence of posterior arch of C2 and butterfly C3 is rare. Apart from rarity, the combination of formation and segmentation defects adds to the management dilemma. We report a case of AAD with assimilated atlas, absent C2 posterior arch, C3 butterfly vertebra with floating posterior elements, and fused C4-C6. The child was managed by C1-C2 fusion alone with immediate symptomatic improvement. The presence of formation defects such as adjacent butterfly vertebra and absent posterior elements does not alter the management of AAD...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508240/atlantoaxial-dislocation-and-os-odontoideum-in-two-identical-twins-perspectives-on-etiology
#13
Xiangsheng Tang, Mingsheng Tan, Ping Yi, Feng Yang, Qingying Hao
PURPOSE: There are two theories about the origin of os odontoideum: traumatic or congenital. However, most studies favor the hypothesis of traumatic theory. To emphasize the congenital theory, we report a pair of identical twins both with atlantoaxial dislocation and os odontoideum, which is believed to be a congenital defect. METHODS: We present two 14-year-old identical twins with atlantoaxial dislocation and os odontoideum. Neither of the twins had history of trauma in head nor cervical spine...
May 15, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503431/a-pilot-study-of-intraocular-lens-explantation-in-69-eyes-in-chinese-patients
#14
Fang Chai, Bo Ma, Xin-Guang Yang, Juan Li, Mei-Fang Chu
AIM: To study the effects of intraocular lens (IOL) explantation and demographic characteristics. METHODS: Retrospective non-comparative case series. Clinical data recorded from patient charts included the following: demographic, preoperative and postoperative characteristics; complications; surgical methods, and changes in visual acuity. RESULTS: A total of 69 eyes in 67 Chinese patients who received IOL explants were studied. The patients' mean age at the time of explantation was 46...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497452/an-attempt-to-throw-light-on-congenital-hip-disease-terminology-and-anticipation-of-clinical-outcomes-when-treated-with-total-hip-arthroplasty
#15
George Hartofilakidis, Kalliopi Lampropoulou-Adamidou, Theofilos S Karachalios
The terminology of the wide spectrum of hip deformities seen during the neonatal, infantile and adult life period remains controversial, mainly due to the indiscriminate use of the terms dysplasia, subluxation, congenital hip disease, developmental hip disease, congenital dislocation, etc. This has a serious implication on the anticipation of clinical outcomes, complications and comparison of different reconstructive techniques when these patients are treated with total hip arthroplasty in adulthood. Journals, specialising in this field, should publish homogeneous series (type of the disease, reconstruction technique, implants) in order to clarify arguments and anticipate clinical outcomes...
May 8, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472514/evaluating-atlantoaxial-dislocation-based-on-cartesian-coordinates-proposing-a-new-definition-and-its-impact-on-assessment-of-congenital-torticollis
#16
Jayesh Sardhara, Sanjay Behari, Pavaman Sindgikar, Arun Kumar Srivastava, Anant Mehrotra, Kuntal Kanti Das, Kamlesh Singh Bhaisora, Rabi N Sahu, Awadhesh K Jaiswal
BACKGROUND: Conventional 2-dimensional (2-D) definition of atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) is inadequate for coexisting 3-D displacements. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively classify AAD and its related abnormalities along 3 Cartesian coordinates and assess their association with torticollis. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-four patients with congenital AAD were prospectively classified according to their C1-2 displacement along 3 Cartesian coordinates utilizing 3-D multiplanar CT...
May 3, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454779/congenital-extensor-tendon-dislocation-causing-pseudotriggering-of-the-little-finger
#17
Meriç Çırpar, Bülent Dağlar, Birhan Oktaş
The main complaints in extensor tendon dislocations are pain, swelling, sense of discomfort, snapping and difficulty in writing and forceful flexion. However, congenital extensor tendon subluxations may present with triggering of the fingers due to tendon dislocations. Unnecessary A1 pulley release may be performed for pseudotriggerring with unsuccessful results. Here, we report an unusual case of congenital extensor tendon subluxation of multiple digits with triggering of the left little finger and aim to attract notice to pseudotriggering of the digits due to tendon dislocations...
April 25, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383440/cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-extended-sliding-trochanteric-osteotomy-for-high-congenital-hip-dislocation-a-retrospective-study
#18
Zhengliang Luo, Min Chen, Fei Hu, Zhe Ni, Xiaofeng Ji, Xiaoqi Zhang, Peng Cheng, Xifu Shang
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) for high congenital hip dislocation (CHD) is technically demanding. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the results of cementless THA combined with extended sliding trochanteric osteotomy. We also assessed whether chronic low back pain was relieved after surgery.The study included 19 patients (23 hips) with high CHD treated with cementless THA using extended sliding trochanteric osteotomy technique. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were evaluated.Harris Hip Score, WOMAC score, visual analog scale for low back pain and Trendelenburg sign were significantly improved (P < 0...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362677/medial-approach-open-reduction-with-ligamentum-teres-partial-excision-and-plication-for-the-management-of-congenital-hip-dislocation
#19
Ahmed O Youssef
Because of the known tendency for early redislocation following open reduction, we developed surgical methods for shortening the ligamentum teres to improve immediate postoperative stability when performing medial approach open reduction (MAOR) for the management of developmental dysplasia of the hip. Between 2004 and 2014, 32 patients with dysplasia of the hip were managed by MAOR with partial excision and plication of ligamentum teres. The patients were followed up for an average of 6.9 years. At the final follow-up, clinical outcomes achieved were categorized as excellent and good in 39 (39/40; 97...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346368/pathophysiological-significance-of-dermatan-sulfate-proteoglycans-revealed-by-human-genetic-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Shuji Mizumoto, Tomoki Kosho, Shuhei Yamada, Kazuyuki Sugahara
The indispensable roles of dermatan sulfate-proteoglycans (DS-PGs) have been demonstrated in various biological events including construction of the extracellular matrix and cell signaling through interactions with collagen and transforming growth factor-β, respectively. Defects in the core proteins of DS-PGs such as decorin and biglycan cause congenital stromal dystrophy of the cornea, spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, and Meester-Loeys syndrome. Furthermore, mutations in human genes encoding the glycosyltransferases, epimerases, and sulfotransferases responsible for the biosynthesis of DS chains cause connective tissue disorders including Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity characterized by skin hyperextensibility, joint hypermobility, and tissue fragility, and by severe skeletal disorders such as kyphoscoliosis, short trunk, dislocation, and joint laxity...
March 27, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
keyword
keyword
110227
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"