keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Congenital + orthopaedic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632590/comparison-of-anterior-and-posterior-surgery-for-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-an-mri-based-propensity-score-matched-analysis-using-data-from-the-prospective-multicenter-aospine-csm-north-america-and-international-studies
#1
So Kato, Aria Nouri, Dongjin Wu, Satoshi Nori, Lindsay Tetreault, Michael G Fehlings
BACKGROUND: Surgeons often choose between 2 different approaches (anterior and posterior) for surgical treatment of degenerative cervical myelopathy on the basis of imaging features of spinal cord compression, the number of levels affected, and the spinal alignment. However, there is a lack of consensus on which approach is preferable. The objective of the present study was to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based propensity-score-matched analysis to compare postoperative outcomes between the anterior and posterior surgical approaches for degenerative cervical myelopathy...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428035/evaluation-of-the-external-fixator-truelok-hexapod-system-for-tibial-deformity-correction-in-children
#2
Sébastien Pesenti, Christopher A Iobst, Franck Launay
BACKGROUND: Tibial deformities are common in paediatric orthopaedic practice. Correcting multiplanar tibial deformities associated with lower limb length discrepancycan be challenging. Hexapod external fixation with gradual correction has been proven effective in this situation. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical and radiological outcomes of gradual tibial deformity correction using the external fixator TL-HEX(TM)(Orthofix) in children. HYPOTHESIS: TL-HEX™ is effective in correcting tibial deformities in children...
April 17, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375896/american-orthopaedic-surgeons-in-world-war-i
#3
David P Green, Jesse C DeLee
On April 6, 1917, the United States declared war on Germany and entered what was then called the Great War. Among the first officers sent to Europe were 21 orthopaedic surgeons in the so-called First Goldthwait Unit. Prior to the war, orthopaedics had been a nonoperative "strap-and-buckle" specialty that dealt primarily with infections, congenital abnormalities, and posttraumatic deformity. The Great War changed all of that forever, creating a new surgical specialty with emphasis on acute treatment, prevention of deformity, restoration of function, and rehabilitation...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291414/is-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-good-for-congenital-cervical-stenosis
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Peng-Yuan Chang, Hsuan-Kan Chang, Jau-Ching Wu, Wen-Cheng Huang, Li-Yu Fay, Tsung-Hsi Tu, Ching-Lan Wu, Henrich Cheng
OBJECTIVE Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) has been demonstrated to be as safe and effective as anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the management of 1- and 2-level degenerative disc disease (DDD). However, there has been a lack of data to address the fundamental discrepancy between the two surgeries (CDA vs ACDF), and preservation versus elimination of motion, in the management of cervical myelopathy associated with congenital cervical stenosis (CCS). Although younger patients tend to benefit more from motion preservation, it is uncertain if CCS caused by multilevel DDD can be treated safely with CDA...
May 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241720/-proximal-junctional-kyphosis-after-posterior-hemivertebra-resection-and-instrumented-fusion-in-young-children-with-congenital-scoliosis
#5
X Sun, X Chen, Z H Chen, Z Z Zhu, F Zhu, Z Liu, B P Qian, B Wang, J Qiao, Y Qiu
Objective: To investigate the risk factors of proximal junctional kyphosis(PJK) in young children who underwent posterior hemivertebra resection and instrumented fusion. Methods: This study reviewed the charts and radiographs of 136 consecutive young children with congenital scoliosis who underwent posterior hemivertebra resection and instrumented fusion in Department of Orthopaedics, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from January 2009 to June 2014, including 75 males and 61 females, with an average age of (5...
March 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236079/the-2017-abjs-nicolas-andry-award-advancing-personalized-medicine-for-clubfoot-through-translational-research
#6
Matthew B Dobbs, Christina A Gurnett
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is one of the most common pediatric orthopaedic disorders. While the Ponseti method has revolutionized clubfoot treatment, it is not effective for all patients. When the Ponseti method does not correct the foot, patients are at risk for lifelong disability and may require more-extensive surgery. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What genetic and morphologic abnormalities contribute to the development of clubfoot? (2) How can this information be used to devise personalized treatment paradigms for patients with clubfoot? METHODS: Human gene sequencing, molecular genetic engineering of mouse models of clubfoot, MRI of clubfoot, and development of new treatment methods all have been used by our group to understand the biological basis and improve therapy for this group of disorders...
June 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213747/bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-for-the-treatment-of-congenital-pseudarthrosis-of-the-tibia-or-persistent-tibial-nonunion-in-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-study-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#7
Tim N Hissnauer, Norbert Stiel, Kornelia Babin, Martin Rupprecht, Michael Hoffmann, Johannes M Rueger, Ralf Stuecker, Alexander S Spiro
There is a lack of studies reporting on rhBMP-2 application in pediatric orthopaedics, although few reports demonstrated promising results of the use of rhBMP-2 in children, especially for spine fusion and for the treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia. The objectives of this study were (1) to examine clinical and radiographic healing after rhBMP-2 application for the treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) or persistent tibial nonunion in children and adolescents, and (2) to investigate the safety of rhBMP-2 use in these cases...
April 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155828/elbow-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-bleeding-disorders-preliminary-report-of-a-single-centre-experience
#8
Andrzej Leń, Jerzy Mirosław Jaworski, Joanna Zdziarska, Bartłomiej Skotnicki, Bogusław Frańczuk
Spontaneous or traumatic hemorrhages into joints that occur in the course of congenital bleeding disorders due to deficiencies of plasma clotting factors lead to early and extensive damage to joints. Arthropathy in those patients most commonly affects the knee, elbow and ankle. Replacement surgery of the damaged joint is the only effective way to treat such advanced changes. Although arthritis of the elbow is quite common, surgery is rarely undertaken; hence relevant reports in the literature are limited to individual or small groups of cases...
March 23, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061881/moebius-sequence-a-multidisciplinary-clinical-approach
#9
Line Kjeldgaard Pedersen, Rikke Damkjær Maimburg, Jens Michael Hertz, Hans Gjørup, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Bjarne Møller-Madsen, John Rosendahl Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Moebius Sequence (MS) is a rare disorder defined by bilateral congenital paralysis of the abducens and facial nerves in combination with various odontological, craniofacial, ophthalmological and orthopaedic conditions. The aetiology is still unknown; but both genetic (de novo mutations) and vascular events in utero are reported. The purpose of present study was through a multidisciplinary clinical approach to examine children diagnosed with Moebius-like symptoms. Ten children underwent odontological, ophthalmological, obstetric, paediatric, orthopaedic, genetic, radiological and photographical evaluation...
January 6, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032030/lessons-learned-from-study-of-congenital-hip-disease-in-adults
#10
REVIEW
George Hartofilakidis, Kalliopi Lampropoulou-Adamidou
Orthopaedic surgeons specialising in adult hip reconstruction surgery often face the problem of osteoarthritis secondary to congenital hip disease (CHD). To achieve better communication among physicians, better treatment planning and evaluation of the results of various treatment options, an agreed terminology is needed to describe the entire pathology. Furthermore, a generally accepted classification of the deformities is necessary. Herein, the authors propose the use of the term "congenital hip disease" and its classification as dysplasia, low dislocation and high dislocation...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009797/what-s-new-in-congenital-scoliosis
#11
Joshua M Pahys, James T Guille
BACKGROUND: Congenital scoliosis is a failure of vertebral formation, segmentation, or a combination of the 2 arising from abnormal vertebral development during weeks 4 to 6 of gestation. The associated spinal deformity can be of varying severity and result in a stable or progressive deformity based on the type and location of the anomalous vertebra(e). Bracing for congenital scoliosis is rarely indicated, while recent reports have demonstrated the utility of serial derotational casting for longer curves with multiple anomalous vertebrae as an effective "time buying strategy" to delay the need for surgery...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942472/cutis-tricolor-a-literature-review-and-report-of-five-new-cases
#12
Martino Ruggieri, Agata Polizzi, Carmelo Schepis, Massimiliano Morano, Serena Strano, Giuseppe Belfiore, Stefano Palmucci, Pietro Valerio Foti, Concetta Pirrone, Mario Roggini, Emanule David, Vincenzo Salpietro, Pietro Milone
BACKGROUND: Cutis tricolor is a skin abnormality consisting in a combination of congenital hyper- and hypopigmented skin lesions (in the form of paired macules, patches or streaks) in close proximity to each other in a background of normal skin. It is currently regarded as a twin-spotting (mosaic) phenomenon and today is clear that not all cases of cutis tricolor represent one single entity. This phenomenon has been reported so far either: (I) as an purely cutaneous trait; (II) as a part of a complex malformation phenotype (Ruggieri-Happle syndrome, RHS) including distinct facial features, eye (cataract), skeletal (skull and vertebral defects, and long bones dysplasia), nervous system (corpus callosum, cerebellar and white matter anomalies, cavum vergae and holoprosencephaly) and systemic abnormalities; (III) as a distinct type with multiple, disseminated smaller skin macules (cutis tricolor parvimaculata); and (IV) in association with other skin disturbances [e...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930594/revision-surgery-after-pregnancy-in-a-patient-with-congenital-kyphoscoliosis-a-case-report
#13
Zhikun Li, Fei Wang, Wei Xu, Yifan Li, Xiaodong Zhu
RATIONALE: Rod breakage during pregnancy and delivery has never been described in a patient who has undergone surgery for congenital scoliosis (CS). Here, we present an unusual but significant case of revision surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 29-year-old woman presented with low back pain during pregnancy after posterior osteotomy, correction and fusion at T9 to L5 for CS. Radiographs during follow-up, 4 months after the patient gave birth, demonstrated rod breakage...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908676/effect-of-selective-dorsal-rhizotomy-on-daily-care-and-comfort-in-non-walking-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-spasticity
#14
A I Buizer, P E M van Schie, E A M Bolster, W J van Ouwerkerk, R L Strijers, L A van de Pol, A Stadhouder, J G Becher, R J Vermeulen
BACKGROUND: In non-walking children with severe spasticity, daily care can be difficult and many patients suffer from pain. Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) reduces spasticity in the legs, and therefore has the potential to improve daily care and comfort. AIM: To examine effects of SDR on daily care and comfort in non-walking children with severe spasticity due to different underlying neurological conditions. METHODS: Medical history, changes in daily care and comfort and satisfaction with outcome were assessed retrospectively in non-walking children who underwent SDR in our center, with a mean follow-up of 1y 7m (range 11m-4y 3m)...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858533/revisiting-the-differences-between-irreducible-and-reducible-atlantoaxial-dislocation-in-the-era-of-direct-posterior-approach-and-c1-2-joint-manipulation
#15
Arsikere N Deepak, Pravin Salunke, Sushanta K Sahoo, Prashant K Prasad, Niranjan K Khandelwal
OBJECTIVE The current management of atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) focuses on the C1-2 joints, commonly approached through a posterior route. The distinction between reducible AAD (RAAD) and irreducible AAD (IrAAD) seems to be less important in modern times. The roles of preoperative traction and dynamic radiographs are questionable. This study evaluated whether differentiating between the 2 groups is important in today's era. METHODS Ninety-six consecutive patients with congenital AAD (33 RAAD and 63 IrAAD), who underwent surgery through a posterior approach alone, were studied...
March 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826907/the-unstable-knee-in-congenital-limb-deficiency
#16
REVIEW
Gabriel T Mindler, Christof Radler, Rudolf Ganger
PURPOSE: Instability of the knee is a common finding in patients with congenital limb deficiency. The instability can be attributed to soft tissue abnormalities, frontal, sagittal or rotational deformity of the lower limb and bony dysplasia of the patella or of the femoral condyles. In most of the cases, these pathomorphologic changes stay asymptomatic in daily activity. However, instability can appear during deformity correction and bone-lengthening procedures, leading to flexion contracture or subluxation of the knee...
December 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787808/evaluation-of-complications-associated-with-off-label-use-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-rhbmp-2-in-pediatric-orthopaedics
#17
Norbert Stiel, Tim N Hissnauer, Martin Rupprecht, Kornelia Babin, Carsten W Schlickewei, Johannes M Rueger, Ralf Stuecker, Alexander S Spiro
The off-label use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 to promote bone healing in adults has significantly increased in recent years, while reports of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 application in children and adolescents are very rare. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of single and repetitive recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 use in pediatric orthoapedics. Therefore we reviewed the medical records of 39 patients who had been treated with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 at our institution...
December 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714448/paul-of-aegina-ca-625-690-ad-and-his-orthopaedic-surgical-reconstruction-of-the-preternatural-fingers
#18
REVIEW
Gregory Tsoucalas, Markos Sgantzos
Paul of Aegina lived in a era when the preservation of the ancient Greek tradition was for him almost a necessity. Eager to follow the dogma of "oρθoπo(ε)δώ" (orthopodo: pace with no malformation), he introduced a series of surgical operations of reconstructive-cosmetic-plastic-orthopaedic nature to confront any disfiguration of the human body. The aim of our study is to present the atmosphere of the era concerning the congenital malformations, describe briefly Paul's contribution on classic orthopaedics and present his views on the preternatural fingers...
January 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703943/slipped-distal-femoral-epiphysis-in-congenital-insensitivity-to-pain
#19
M Javed Shaikh, C Rex, R Vignesh, Madhav Chavan
INTRODUCTION: Congenital insensitivity to pain (CIP) is a rare disorder, and often presents to an orthopaedic surgeon as recurrent fractures, dislocations, pseudoarthrosis, osteomyelitis etc. Here, we report a case of congenital insensitivity to pain presenting with distal femoral physeal separation in a child. CASE REPORT: A 12-year-old girl child came with complaints of limp while walking and swelling in the left knee for past 5 weeks. Mother gave a history that the girl is a known case of congenital insensitivity to pain with clear history of no pain on intramuscular injection since birth...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637569/orthopaedic-manifestations-of-congenital-indifference-to-pain-with-anhidrosis-hereditary-sensory-and-autonomic-neuropathy-type-iv
#20
Babar Kayani, Mathew David Sewell, Johnson Platinum, Andre Olivier, Timothy W R Briggs, Deborah M Eastwood
BACKGROUND: Congenital indifference to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare hereditary neuropathy, which is associated with defective sensation to noxious stimuli and autonomic dysfunction. The objective of the study was to report on the orthopaedic manifestations of this condition and provide an evidence-based approach for management. METHODS: Retrospective review of 14 consecutive patients with CIPA referred to a single tertiary centre. Mean age of diagnosis was 2...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
keyword
keyword
110225
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"